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Main article: Central America

This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of Central America. This article defines Central America as the seven nations of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.

Topographic elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, a precise mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface. Topographic prominence is the elevation difference between the summit and the highest or key col to a higher summit. Topographic isolation is the minimum great circle distance to a point of higher elevation.

This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (330 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1,600 feet) of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) of topographic prominence.

Highest major summits[edit]

The following sortable table lists the 15 highest mountain peaks of Central America with at least 500 meters (1,600 feet) of topographic prominence.

The first two of these summits each have at least 4,000 meters (13,000 feet) of topographic elevation and at least 500 meters (1,600 feet) of topographic prominence.

The 15 highest mountain peaks of Central America
with at least 500 meters of topographic prominence


Rank Mountain Peak Nation Province Elevation Prominence Isolation
1 Volcán Tajumulco[1] PB  Guatemala San Marcos 4220 m
13,845 ft
3980 m
13,058 ft
722 km
448 mi
2 Volcán Tacaná[2] PB  Guatemala
 Mexico
San Marcos
Chiapas
4067 m
13,343 ft
1030 m
3,379 ft
24 km
15 mi
3 Volcán Acatenango PB  Guatemala Chimaltenango
Sacatepéquez
3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
126 km
78 mi
4 Alto Cuchumatanes PB  Guatemala Huehuetenango 3837 m
12,589 ft
1877 m
6,158 ft
65 km
40 mi
5 Chirripó Grande[3] PB  Costa Rica Cartago
Limón
San José
3819 m
12,530 ft
3726 m
12,224 ft
864 km
537 mi
6 Cerro Ventisqueros PB  Costa Rica San José 3812 m
12,507 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
2.2 km
1.3 mi
7 Volcán Santa María PB  Guatemala Quetzaltenango 3772 m
12,375 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
50 km
31 mi
8 Volcán de Fuego PB  Guatemala Chimaltenango
Escuintla
Sacatepéquez
3763 m
12,346 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
2.1 km
1.3 mi
9 Volcán de Agua PB  Guatemala Escuintla
Sacatepéquez
3761 m
12,339 ft
1981 m
6,499 ft
16 km
10 mi
10 Cerro Terbi PB  Costa Rica Limón
San José
3720 m
12,205 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
1.5 km
0.9 mi
11 Cerro Kámuk PB  Costa Rica Limón 3563 m
11,690 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
54 km
34 mi
12 Volcán Atitlán PB  Guatemala Sololá 3537 m
11,604 ft
1754 m
5,755 ft
35 km
21 mi
13 Montañas Peña Blanca High Point PB  Guatemala Huehuetenango 3518 m
11,542 ft
1858 m
6,096 ft
42 km
26 mi
14 Volcán Barú[4] PB  Panama Chiriquí 3475 m
11,401 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
74 km
46 mi
15 Volcán Irazú PB  Costa Rica Cartago
San José
3402 m
11,161 ft
1872 m
6,142 ft
48 km
30 mi

Most prominent summits[edit]

The following sortable table lists the 15 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of Central America.

See the List of Ultras in Central America for a table of the 22 summits with at least 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) of topographic prominence.

The 15 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Nation Province Elevation Prominence Isolation
1 Volcán Tajumulco[1] PB  Guatemala San Marcos 4220 m
13,845 ft
3980 m
13,058 ft
722 km
448 mi
2 Chirripó Grande[3] PB  Costa Rica Cartago
Limón
San José
3819 m
12,530 ft
3726 m
12,224 ft
864 km
537 mi
3 Montaña de Santa Bárbara PB  Honduras Santa Bárbara 2744 m
9,003 ft
2084 m
6,837 ft
74 km
46 mi
4 Cerro las Minas[5] PB  Honduras Lempira 2849 m
9,347 ft
2069 m
6,788 ft
130 km
81 mi
5 Volcán de Agua PB  Guatemala Escuintla
Sacatepéquez
3761 m
12,339 ft
1981 m
6,499 ft
16 km
10 mi
6 Alto Cuchumatanes PB  Guatemala Huehuetenango 3837 m
12,589 ft
1877 m
6,158 ft
65 km
40 mi
7 Volcán Irazú PB  Costa Rica Cartago
San José
3402 m
11,161 ft
1872 m
6,142 ft
48 km
30 mi
8 Montañas Peña Blanca High Point PB  Guatemala Huehuetenango 3518 m
11,542 ft
1858 m
6,096 ft
42 km
26 mi
9 Volcán Acatenango PB  Guatemala Chimaltenango
Sacatepéquez
3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
126 km
78 mi
10 Volcán San Miguel PB  El Salvador San Miguel 2131 m
6,991 ft
1831 m
6,007 ft
64 km
40 mi
11 Cerro Tacarcuna PB  Panama Darién 1875 m
6,152 ft
1770 m
5,807 ft
99 km
61 mi
12 Volcán Atitlán PB  Guatemala Sololá 3537 m
11,604 ft
1754 m
5,755 ft
35 km
21 mi
13 Pico Bonito PB  Honduras Atlántida 2450 m
8,038 ft
1710 m
5,610 ft
152 km
95 mi
14 Montaña San Ildefonso PB  Honduras Cortés 2242 m
7,356 ft
1702 m
5,584 ft
68 km
42 mi
15 Volcán San Cristóbal PB  Nicaragua Chinandega 1745 m
5,725 ft
1665 m
5,463 ft
134 km
83 mi

Most isolated major summits[edit]

The following sortable table lists the 15 most topographically isolated mountain peaks of Central America with at least 500 meters (1,600 feet) of topographic prominence.

The first 11 of these summits each have at least 100 kilometres (62 miles)} of topographic isolation and at least 500 meters (1,600 feet) of topographic prominence.

The 15 most topographically isolated mountain peaks of Central America
with at least 500 meters of topographic prominence


Rank Mountain Peak Nation Province Elevation Prominence Isolation
1 Chirripó Grande[3] PB  Costa Rica Cartago
Limón
San José
3819 m
12,530 ft
3726 m
12,224 ft
864 km
537 mi
2 Volcán Tajumulco[1] PB  Guatemala San Marcos 4220 m
13,845 ft
3980 m
13,058 ft
722 km
448 mi
3 Pico Bonito PB  Honduras Atlántida 2450 m
8,038 ft
1710 m
5,610 ft
152 km
95 mi
4 Pico Mogotón[6] PB  Honduras
 Nicaragua
Copán
Nueva Segovia
2106 m
6,909 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
142 km
88 mi
5 Doyle's Delight[7] PB  Belize Cayo
Toledo
1174 m
3,852 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
139 km
86 mi
6 Volcán San Cristóbal PB  Nicaragua Chinandega 1745 m
5,725 ft
1665 m
5,463 ft
134 km
83 mi
7 Cerro Hoya PB  Panama Los Santos
Veraguas
1559 m
5,115 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
132 km
82 mi
8 Cerro las Minas[5] PB  Honduras Lempira 2849 m
9,347 ft
2069 m
6,788 ft
130 km
81 mi
9 Volcán Acatenango PB  Guatemala Chimaltenango
Sacatepéquez
3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
126 km
78 mi
10 Sierra de Agalta High Point PB  Honduras Olancho 2335 m
7,661 ft
1495 m
4,905 ft
123 km
76 mi
11 Volcán Miravalles PB  Costa Rica Alajuela
Guanacaste
2028 m
6,654 ft
1533 m
5,030 ft
103 km
64 mi
12 Cerro Tacarcuna PB  Panama Darién 1875 m
6,152 ft
1770 m
5,807 ft
99 km
61 mi
13 Volcán de San Vicente PB  El Salvador La Paz
San Vicente
2182 m
7,159 ft
1562 m
5,125 ft
90 km
56 mi
14 Montaña los Comayagua PB  Honduras Comayagua 2407 m
7,897 ft
1507 m
4,944 ft
81 km
50 mi
15 Volcán Barú[4] PB  Panama Chiriquí 3475 m
11,401 ft
>500 m
>1,640 ft
74 km
46 mi

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The summit of Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point of the Republic of Guatemala and all of Central America.
  2. ^ The summit of Volcán Tacaná lies on the international border between Guatemala and México.
  3. ^ a b c The summit of Chirripó Grande is the highest point of the Republic of Costa Rica.
  4. ^ a b The summit of Volcán Barú is the highest point of the Republic of Panama.
  5. ^ a b The summit of Cerro las Minas is the highest point of the Republic of Honduras.
  6. ^ The summit of Pico Mogotón on the international border with Honduras is the highest point of the Republic of Nicaragua.
  7. ^ The summit of Doyle's Delight is the highest point of the nation of Belize.

External links[edit]

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