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St. Marianne Cope, the woman who received a piano from Robert Louis Stevenson
St. Marianne Cope, the woman who received a piano from Robert Louis Stevenson
Published: 2012/10/19
Channel: ROME REPORTS in English
Saint Marianne Cope: Beloved Mother of Outcasts
Saint Marianne Cope: Beloved Mother of Outcasts
Published: 2012/10/19
Channel: Salt and Light
Sister Marianne Cope
Sister Marianne Cope
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: apostleshipofprayer
St. Marianne Cope - We Have A Saint!
St. Marianne Cope - We Have A Saint!
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities
Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum
Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: Syracuse Diocese
Merciful Saint Marianne Cope
Merciful Saint Marianne Cope
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Syracuse Diocese
Sr Marianne Cope Miracle | This is the Day
Sr Marianne Cope Miracle | This is the Day
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: The CatholicTV Network
A Sister Becomes a Saint
A Sister Becomes a Saint
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: WNLOTV
St Marianne Cope
St Marianne Cope
Published: 2014/05/08
Channel: czimmerman16
Who Was St. Marianne Cope?
Who Was St. Marianne Cope?
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Divine Mercy
Blessed Marianne Cope
Blessed Marianne Cope
Published: 2010/01/23
Channel: breski1
Blessed Marianne Cope (January 23)
Blessed Marianne Cope (January 23)
Published: 2010/01/23
Channel: Mantheycalltom
Saint Marianne Cope - January 23
Saint Marianne Cope - January 23
Published: 2008/01/23
Channel: breski1
Blessed Marianne Cope
Blessed Marianne Cope
Published: 2011/01/20
Channel: Syracuse Diocese
Syracuse celebrates 175th birthday of St. Marianne Cope
Syracuse celebrates 175th birthday of St. Marianne Cope
Published: 2013/01/24
Channel: CNYCentral
Blessed Marianne Cope from state of New York  is one step away from being declared a Saint
Blessed Marianne Cope from state of New York is one step away from being declared a Saint
Published: 2011/12/15
Channel: ROME REPORTS in English
A saint from Syracuse: Honoring Blessed Mother Marianne Cope
A saint from Syracuse: Honoring Blessed Mother Marianne Cope
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: CNYCentral
REMAINS OF ST. MARIANNE COPE..TO BE ENSHRINED IN HONOLULU C
REMAINS OF ST. MARIANNE COPE..TO BE ENSHRINED IN HONOLULU C
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: joansrome
Mother Marianne of Moloka
Mother Marianne of Moloka'i
Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: livinglocaltv
January 23rd officially Marianne Cope Day
January 23rd officially Marianne Cope Day
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: KITV
Marianne Cope: será santa, la mujer a la que Robert Louis Stevenson regaló un piano
Marianne Cope: será santa, la mujer a la que Robert Louis Stevenson regaló un piano
Published: 2012/10/19
Channel: ROME REPORTS en Español
Mother Marianne Cope recognized at U.S. Ambassador reception
Mother Marianne Cope recognized at U.S. Ambassador reception
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: KHON2 News
Honoring Saint Marianne Cope in Rome
Honoring Saint Marianne Cope in Rome
Published: 2012/10/22
Channel: KHON2 News
HAWAIIAN DANCE TO HONOR ST. MARIANNE COPE
HAWAIIAN DANCE TO HONOR ST. MARIANNE COPE
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: joansrome
Saint Marianne Cope
Saint Marianne Cope
Published: 2012/01/22
Channel: CNYCentral
DC Mass of Thanksgiving for the Canonization of Kateri & Marianne Cope
DC Mass of Thanksgiving for the Canonization of Kateri & Marianne Cope
Published: 2013/09/06
Channel: Black and Indian Mission Office
The Feast of St. Marianne Cope.
The Feast of St. Marianne Cope.
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: Syracuse Diocese
Mother Marianne Cope elevated to Saint
Mother Marianne Cope elevated to Saint
Published: 2011/12/27
Channel: DailyWorldwideNews
Blessed Marianne Cope Press Conference
Blessed Marianne Cope Press Conference
Published: 2011/12/21
Channel: Syracuse Diocese
Mother Marianne Cope recognized at Vatican Museum Garden rec
Mother Marianne Cope recognized at Vatican Museum Garden rec
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: KHON2 News
Tribute to St. Marianne Cope
Tribute to St. Marianne Cope
Published: 2013/04/25
Channel: Pat Bigold
Saint Marianne Cope
Saint Marianne Cope's relic arrives on the Iolani Palace grounds
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Drexel Gregory
Sr. Mary Irene on St. Marianne Cope and Holy Cards
Sr. Mary Irene on St. Marianne Cope and Holy Cards
Published: 2012/10/31
Channel: HawaiiCatholicHerald
The Franciscan Roots of Saint Marianne Cope
The Franciscan Roots of Saint Marianne Cope
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: SaintMarianneCope
August 9: Reflections on Saint Marianne Cope
August 9: Reflections on Saint Marianne Cope's Life
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum
St. Marianne Cope Statue & Garden Unveiled Syracuse NY June 6, 2016
St. Marianne Cope Statue & Garden Unveiled Syracuse NY June 6, 2016
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: CNYsmile
Sharon Smith -Mother Marianne Cope.
Sharon Smith -Mother Marianne Cope.
Published: 2014/03/24
Channel: scott irving
Blessing of the Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum
Blessing of the Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum
Published: 2014/07/01
Channel: Syracuse Diocese
The Song of St Marianne -  Saint Marianne Choir
The Song of St Marianne - Saint Marianne Choir
Published: 2012/10/20
Channel: Sean Tiwanak
2nd dance at end of Mass honors St. Marianne Cope
2nd dance at end of Mass honors St. Marianne Cope
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: joansrome
Sr. Mary Irene on Background of St. Marianne Cope
Sr. Mary Irene on Background of St. Marianne Cope's Statue at St. Joseph & St. Patrick Church
Published: 2012/10/31
Channel: HawaiiCatholicHerald
St. Marianne Cope song
St. Marianne Cope song
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: Patrick Bigold
Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum Eucharistic Liturgy
Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum Eucharistic Liturgy
Published: 2014/07/02
Channel: Syracuse Diocese
Pope Benedict XVI on St. Marianne Cope
Pope Benedict XVI on St. Marianne Cope
Published: 2012/10/21
Channel: ANC Alerts
Moani At St Marianne Cope Preschool
Moani At St Marianne Cope Preschool
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: Patrick Bigold
Enshrinement of Saint Marianne Cope
Enshrinement of Saint Marianne Cope
Published: 2014/08/01
Channel: John Mizuno
Mass in Honor of Saints Kateri and Marianne Cope
Mass in Honor of Saints Kateri and Marianne Cope
Published: 2013/01/22
Channel: The CatholicTV Network
Saint Marianne Cope relic procession after civic ceremony at Iolani Palace Coronation Pavillion
Saint Marianne Cope relic procession after civic ceremony at Iolani Palace Coronation Pavillion
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Drexel Gregory
Saint Marianne Cope Playlist
Saint Marianne Cope Playlist
Published: 2015/01/31
Channel: CatholicSaints.Info
Mother Marianne Cope: Antonia Untalan
Mother Marianne Cope: Antonia Untalan
Published: 2012/02/29
Channel: untalanantonia
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Saint Marianne Cope
Mother Marianne Cope in her youth.jpg
Marianne Cope shortly before her departure for Hawaii (1883)
Virgin, Religious, Missionary to lepers
Born Maria Anna Barbara Koob
(1838-01-23)January 23, 1838
Heppenheim, Grand Duchy of Hesse
Died August 9, 1918(1918-08-09) (aged 80)
Kalaupapa, Hawaiʻi
Resting place Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, Honolulu, Hawaii
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
(Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities)
Episcopal Church
Beatified May 14, 2005, Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI
Canonized October 21, 2012, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI
Major shrine Saint Marianne Cope Shrine & Museum
601 N. Townsend St.
Syracuse, New York, U.S.
Feast January 23 (Roman Catholic Church)
April 15 (Episcopal Church (United States))
Patronage Lepers, outcasts, those with HIV/AIDS, Hawaiʻi.

Marianne Cope OSF, also known as Saint Marianne of Molokaʻi, (January 23, 1838 – August 9, 1918) was a German-born American nun who was a member of the Sisters of St Francis of Syracuse, New York, and administrator of its St. Joseph's Hospital in the city. Known also for her charitable works, in 1883 she relocated with six other Sisters to Hawaiʻi to care for persons suffering Hansen's Disease on the island of Molokaʻi and aid in developing the medical infrastructure in Hawaiʻi. Despite direct contact with the patients over many years, Cope did not contract the disease.

In 2005, Cope was beatified by Pope Benedict XVI.[1] Cope was declared a saint by the same pope on October 21, 2012, along with Kateri Tekakwitha, a 17th-century Native American.[2] Cope is the 11th person in what is now the United States to be canonized by the Catholic Church.[2]

Life[edit]

Birth and vocation[edit]

Cope was baptized Maria Anna Barbara Koob, later anglicizing her last name to "Cope". She was born January 23, 1838, in Heppenheim in the Grand Duchy of Hesse to Peter Koob (1787–1862) and Barbara Witzenbacher (1803–1872). The following year her family emigrated to the United States, settling in the industrial city of Utica, New York. They became members of the Parish of St Joseph, where Cope attended parish school. By the time she was in eighth grade, her father had become an invalid. As the oldest child, Cope left school to work in a textile factory to help support her family.[3] Her father became naturalized as an American citizen, which at the time meant the entire family received automatic citizenship status.[citation needed]

By the time their father Peter Cope died in 1862, the younger children in the family were of age to support themselves, so Maria pursued her long-felt religious calling. She entered the novitiate of the Sisters of the Third Order Regular of Saint Francis in Syracuse, New York. After a year of formation, Cope received the religious habit of the Franciscan Sisters along with the new name Marianne. She became first a teacher and then a principal in newly established schools for the region's German-speaking immigrants. Following the revolutions of 1848, numerous German immigrants entered the United States.[citation needed]

By 1870, Cope had become a member of the governing council of her religious congregation. She helped found the first two Catholic hospitals in Central New York, with charters stipulating that medical care was to be provided to all, regardless of race or creed. She was appointed by the Superior General to govern St. Joseph's Hospital, the first public hospital in Syracuse, serving from 1870-77.[citation needed]

As hospital administrator, Cope became involved with the move of Geneva Medical College of Hobart College from Geneva, New York, to Syracuse, where it became the College of Medicine at Syracuse University. She contracted with the college to accept their students for treating patients in her hospital, to further their medical education. Her stipulation in the contract—again unique for the period—was the right of the patients to refuse care by the students. These experiences helped prepare her for the special ministry she next pursued.[4]

Call to Hawaii[edit]

In 1883, Cope, by then Superior General of the congregation, received a plea for help from King Kalākaua of Hawaii to care for leprosy sufferers. More than 50 religious congregations had already declined his request for Sisters to do this, because leprosy was considered to be highly contagious. She responded enthusiastically to the letter:

I am hungry for the work and I wish with all my heart to be one of the chosen Ones, whose privilege it will be, to sacrifice themselves for the salvation of the souls of the poor Islanders... I am not afraid of any disease, hence it would be my greatest delight even to minister to the abandoned ‘lepers.’[5]

The Sisters of St. Francis, at the Kakaʻako Branch Hospital.
Walter Murray Gibson with the Sisters of St. Francis and daughters of Hansen’s disease patients, at the Kakaʻako Branch Hospital.

Cope departed from Syracuse with six other Sisters to travel to Honolulu to answer this call, arriving on November 8, 1883. They traveled on the SS Mariposa. With Mother Marianne as supervisor, the Sisters' task was to manage Kakaʻako Branch Hospital on Oʻahu, which served as a receiving station for Hansen's disease patients gathered from all over the islands. The more severe cases were processed and shipped to the island of Molokaʻi for confinement in the settlement at Kalawao, and then later at Kalaupapa.

The following year, at the request of the government, Cope set up Malulani Hospital, the first general hospital on the island of Maui. Soon, she was called back to the hospital in Oahu. She had to deal with a government-appointed administrator’s abuse of the leprosy patients at the Branch Hospital at Kakaako, an area adjoining Honolulu. She told the government that either the administrator had to be dismissed or the Sisters would return to Syracuse. She was given charge of the overcrowded hospital. Her return to Syracuse to re-assume governance of the congregation was delayed, as both the government and church authorities thought she was essential to the success of the mission.

Two years later, the king awarded Mother Marianne with the Cross of a Companion of the Royal Order of Kapiolani for her care of his people.[6] The work continued to increase. In November 1885, Cope opened the Kapiolani Home with the support of the government, to provide shelter to homeless female children of leprosy patients. The home was located on the grounds of a leprosy hospital because only the Sisters were willing to care for children so closely associated to people suffering from leprosy.

In 1887, a new government came into office. It ended the forced exile of leprosy patients to Molokai and closed the specialty hospital in Oahu. A year later, the authorities pleaded with Cope to establish a new home for women and girls on the Kalaupapa peninsula of Molokai. She accepted the call, knowing that it might mean she would never return to New York. “We will cheerfully accept the work…” was her response.[4]

Molokai[edit]

Mother Marianne Cope beside the funeral bier of Father Damien
Mother Marianne Cope (in the wheelchair) only a few days before she died.
Scales used by Mother Marianne Cope and the Sisters to measure medicine, Kalaupapa, Hawaii, late 1880s

In November 1888, Cope moved to Kalaupapa. She cared for the dying Father Damien, SS.CC., who was already known internationally for his work in the leper colony, and began to take over his burdens. She had met him shortly after her arrival in Hawaii.

When Father Damien died on April 15, 1889, the government officially gave Cope charge for the care of the boys of Kalaupapa, in addition to her existing role in caring for the female residents of the colony. A prominent local businessman, Henry Perrine Baldwin, donated money for the new home. Mother Marianne and two assistants, Sister Leopoldina Burns and Sister Vincentia McCormick, opened and ran a new girls' school, which she named in Baldwin's honor. A community of Religious Brothers was sought to come and care for the boys. After the arrival of four Brothers of the Sacred Heart in 1895,[7] Cope withdrew the Sisters to the Bishop Home for leprous women and girls. Joseph Dutton was given charge of Baldwin House by the government.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

Cope died on August 9, 1918, due to natural causes; she was buried on the grounds of the Bishop Home. In 2005, her remains were returned to Syracuse for reinterment at her mother house.[8] In 2014, her remains were returned to Honolulu and are enshrined at the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace.[9][10]

Legacy and honors[edit]

  • 1927 — Saint Francis Hospital was founded in Honolulu in her memory as a community hospital and to train nurses to work with Hansen's disease patients.
  • 1957 — St. Francis opened the Child Development Center at the Honolulu Community Church.
  • 1962 — St. Francis Home Care Services was established, the first in Hawaii to specialize in home health care for Hawaiian people.
  • 2006 — The Sisters of St. Francis chose to focus on long-term care, transferring the two facilities of St. Francis Hospital to a private board. The facilities are now known as the Hawaii Medical Center East in Liliha, and Hawaii Medical Center West in Ewa.[11] Both hospitals were closed at the end of 2011.[12] In August 2012, The Queen's Health Systems agreed to acquire the former Hawaii Medical Center West and reopen the hospital in the fall of 2013.[13]
  • The Saint Francis School was founded in Mother Marianne's honor in 1924, operating as a girls-only school for grades 6-9.[14]

The community which Cope founded on Molokai continues to minister to the few patients afflicted with Hansen Disease. The Franciscan Sisters work at several schools and minister to parishioners throughout the Hawaiian Islands.

Beatification[edit]

In 1993, Katherine Dehlia Mahoney was allegedly healed from multiple organ failure after praying to Marianne Cope for intercession. On December 20, 2004, after receiving the unanimous affirmation of the Congregation of the Causes of Saints, Pope John Paul II ordered a decree to be issued authenticating this recovery as a miracle to be attributed to the intercession of Mother Marianne. On May 14, 2005, Marianne was beatified in Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI in his first beatification ceremony.

Over 100 followers from Hawaiʻi attended the beatification ceremony, along with 300 members of Cope's religious congregation in Syracuse. At the ceremony, presided over by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., the Hawaiian song "Makalapua" (a favorite of Cope) was sung.[15] Her feast day was established as January 23 and is celebrated by her own religious congregation, the Diocese of Honolulu, and the Diocese of Syracuse.

After the announcement by the Holy See of her impending beatification, during January 2005, Blessed Marianne's remains were moved to the motherhouse of the congregation in Syracuse. A temporary shrine was established to honor her. By 2009, the erection of a marble sarcophagus in the mother house chapel was complete. Her remains were interred in the new shrine on her feast day of January 23.[16]

Mother Marianne Cope statue dedicated January 23, 2010, in Honolulu

In 2007, a statue of her was erected at St Joseph's Church in her native Utica, whose parish school she had attended in her childhood.[17]

Canonization[edit]

On December 6, 2011, the Congregation for the Causes of Saints found that a second miracle could also be attributed to the intercession of Blessed Marianne. This finding was forwarded to Pope Benedict XVI by its Secretary, Cardinal Angelo Amato, for papal approval.[18] On December 19, 2011, Pope Benedict signed and approved the promulgation of the decree for Marianne's sainthood and she was canonized on October 21, 2012; a relic was carried to Honolulu from her mother church.

After Father Damien, Cope is the second person to be canonized who had served in the Hawaiian Islands. She was both the first Beatification and the last Canonisation under Pope Benedict XVI. In 2014, the church announced that the remains of Saint Marianne would be re-interred at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Honolulu, which was undergoing an extensive renovation. This is a more convenient location for the faithful than the Kalaupapa National Historical Park on Molokaʻi, where access is primarily by plane or mule train. She sometimes attended Mass at the Cathedral and it was where Father Damien was ordained. The Franciscan Convent in New York which held her remains has had to move to a new location because its former buildings needed extensive repairs.[19]

Ecumenical veneration[edit]

Cope is honored jointly with Saint Damien of Moloka'i on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA). Their shared feast day is celebrated on April 15.

In arts and media[edit]

Paul Cox directed the film Molokai: The Story of Father Damien (1999). Mother Marianne was portrayed by South African actress Alice Krige. Father Damien was portrayed by David Wenham.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pope Benedict XVI (May 14, 2005). "Apostolic Letter by which the Supreme Pontiff has raised to the glory of the altars the Servants of God: Ascensión Nicol Goñi and Marianne Cope". The Holy See. Retrieved March 19, 2010.  (Latin)
  2. ^ a b CNN.com (October 21, 2012). "Mother Marianne becomes an American saint". CNN. Retrieved October 21, 2012. 
  3. ^ Krista J. Karch (May 11, 2005). "The road to sainthood: Mother Marianne worked years in Utica mills before joining convent". The Utica Observer-Dispatch. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Biography of St Marianne Cope". Sisters of St Francis of the Neumann Communities. 
  5. ^ "Biography - Marianne Cope (1838-1918)". Official Vatican website. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  6. ^ Mary Laurence Hanley; O. A. Bushnell (January 1992). Pilgrimage and Exile: Mother Marianne of Molokai. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0-8248-1387-1. 
  7. ^ website of the Damien Memorial School, damien.edu; accessed April 19, 2015.
  8. ^ "Mother Marianne Cope and the Sisters of St Francis". Kalaupapa National Historic Park website. National Park Service. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Homecoming for Saint Marianne – Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities". sosf.org. Retrieved 2017-01-24. 
  10. ^ "St. Marianne Cope's remains returning to Hawaii". syracuse.com. Retrieved 2017-01-24. 
  11. ^ "Historical Timeline: A Legacy of Firsts in the Islands". St Francis Healthcare System website. St Francis Healthcare System of Hawaii. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Last five patients leave Hawaii Medical Center West". web site. Pacific Business News. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Queen's Medical Center and St. Francis reach agreement on Hawaii Medical Center West acquisition". Hawaii Medical Center West infosite. Pacific Business News. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  14. ^ "About Us: Welcome to Saint Francis School". School website. Saint Francis School. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  15. ^ Mary Adamski (May 5, 2005). "'Blessed' Mother Cope: The Kalaupapa nun reaches the second step to sainthood". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved March 19, 2010. 
  16. ^ Shrine of Blessed Marianne Cope; accessed April 19, 2015.
  17. ^ Jessica Doyle (October 3, 2007). "Shrine to Mother Marianne honors life of serving poor". The Utica Observer-Dispatch. Retrieved March 19, 2010. [permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Path to Sainthood Cleared for Blessed Marianne Cope" (news release) Archived April 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., The Sisters of St Francis of the Neumann Communities, December 6, 2011.
  19. ^ "Saint's remains return to Hawaii permanently", CBS News Interactive, 31 July 2014
  20. ^ "Father Damien: The Leper Priest (1980)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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