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Motorways of Pakistan
Pakistan motorway symbol.svg
Pakistan motorway sign
System information
Length 4,266 km (2,651 mi)
Formed 1997
Highway names
System links
Roads in Pakistan

Motorways of Pakistan (Urdu: پاکستان کی موٹروے‎) are a network of multiple-lane, high-speed, controlled-access highways in Pakistan, which are owned, maintained and operated federally by Pakistan's National Highway Authority. 1010 km of motorways are currently operational as of 4 February 2017, while 3690 km are currently under construction. All motorways in Pakistan are pre-fixed with the letter 'M' (for "motorway") followed by the unique numerical designation of the specific highway (with a hyphen in the middle), e.g. "M-1".

History[edit]

Salt Range, M2 motorway

Pakistan's motorways are part of Pakistan's "National Trade Corridor Project",[1] which aims to link Pakistan's three Arabian Sea ports (Karachi Port, Port Bin Qasim and Gwadar Port) to the rest of the country through its national highways and motorways network and further north with Afghanistan, Central Asia and China. The project was planned in 1990. The China Pakistan Economic Corridor project aims to link Gwadar Port and Kashgar (China) using Pakistani motorways, national highways, and expressways.

List of motorways[edit]

Name & Sign Course Length (km) Lanes Completion Year Status Remarks
M-1 PeshawarIslamabad[2][3][4] 155 6 2007 Operational Hazara Expressway interchange completed in 2018.
M-2 IslamabadLahore[5][6][7] 367 6 1997 Operational Repaved in 2016[8]
M-3 LahoreMultan[9][10] 230 6 2018 Under Construction Construction began in December 2015.
M-4 Pindi BhattianMultan[11][9] 309 4 2018 Sections 1, 2, 5 Operational
Sections 3, 4 Under Construction
Construction began in 2009.
M-5 MultanSukkur[10] 387 6 2019 Under Construction Construction began in May 2016.
M-6 SukkurHyderabad 296 6 2020 Contract Awarded Construction begins in 2018.
M-7 DaduHub 270 4 Proposed Proposed
M-8 RatoderoGwadar 892 2 Partially Operational
Under Construction
Partially operational
M-9 HyderabadKarachi[10] 136 6 2018 Section 1 Partially Operational
Under Construction
Construction began in September 2015.
M-10 Karachi Northern Bypass 57 2 2007 Operational Proposed 4 lane expansion.
M-11 SialkotLahore[10] 89 4 2018 Under Construction Construction began in April 2017.
M-14 HaklaD.I Khan[10] 280 4 2019 Under Construction Construction began in May 2016.
Hazara Motorway Hasan AbdalMansehra 180 4 2019 Partially Operational
Under Construction
Partially operational

Patrolling and enforcement[edit]

Motorway police patrolling at M2

Pakistan's Motorways are patrolled by Pakistan's National Highways & Motorway Police (NH&MP), which is responsible for enforcement of traffic and safety laws, security and recovery on the Pakistan Motorway network. The NH&MP use SUVs, cars and heavy motorbikes for patrolling purposes and uses speed cameras for enforcing speed limits.

Emergency runways[edit]

The M-1 motorway (Peshawar-Islamabad) and the M-2 motorway (Islamabad-Lahore) each include two emergency runway sections of 9,000 feet (2,700 m) length. The four emergency runway sections become operational by removing removable concrete medians using forklifts. The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) has used the M-2 motorway as a runway on two occasions: for the first time in 2000 when it landed an F-7P fighter, a Super Mushak trainer and a C-130 and, again, in 2010. On the last occasion, the PAF used a runway section on the M-2 motorway on 2 April 2010 to land, refuel and take-off two jet fighters, a Mirage III and an F-7P, during its Highmark 2010 exercise.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.adb.org/Documents/Environment/PAK/40075/40075-PAK-SEIA.pdf[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "M-1 to cut travel time by an hour". DAWN.COM. 2007-10-27. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  3. ^ "Contract awarded to complete motorway". DAWN.COM. 2002-04-08. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  4. ^ Ali, Zulfiqar (2007-11-18). "PESHAWAR: Measures needed to improve safety on new motorway". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  5. ^ "Motorway cost exceeds Rs60 billion". DAWN.COM. 2002-12-04. Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  6. ^ "Failed state? Try Pakistan`s M2 motorway". DAWN.COM. 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  7. ^ "Revisiting Nawaz Sharif I, II & III: a mixed legacy - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  8. ^ "Renovation of M2 to be completed by May". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  9. ^ a b "Lahore-Multan motorway to be open for public in April 2018 - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "NHA to complete 10 mega projects this year". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2018-04-26. 
  11. ^ "ADB approves $100m loan for M-4 motorway - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  12. ^ http://www.paf.gov.pk/press_release/uploaded/MOTORWAY-RELEASE02-04-10.pdf

External links[edit]

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