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Waialeale - Blue Hole Adventure
Waialeale - Blue Hole Adventure
Published: 2012/12/30
Channel: Hawaii
Mount Waialeale
Mount Waialeale's Blue Hole -- Interior of Kauai
Published: 2011/09/20
Channel: Chris Nowlin
Mt. Waialeale: Sunshine Helicopters
Mt. Waialeale: Sunshine Helicopters
Published: 2012/03/11
Channel: Keone Garma
Mud Hike at Mount Waialeale, Kaua
Mud Hike at Mount Waialeale, Kaua'i Hawaii - Wettest Place on Earth
Published: 2014/07/04
Channel: AuAgPdPtRh
The Weeping Wall - Mount Waialeale - Kauai
The Weeping Wall - Mount Waialeale - Kauai
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: Jesse Collins
Mount Waialeale
Mount Waialeale
Published: 2012/11/01
Channel: William The Wiest
Flying into the Mt Waialeale Crater...the wettest place on earth!
Flying into the Mt Waialeale Crater...the wettest place on earth!
Published: 2011/10/15
Channel: captgreanias
Mount Wai
Mount Wai'ale'ale Crater on Kaua'i
Published: 2009/08/13
Channel: Chris Riofta
Jungle Journey to Waialeale
Jungle Journey to Waialeale
Published: 2011/03/26
Channel: Glenn Campbell
Waialeale Blue Hole
Waialeale Blue Hole
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: Peter Melick
Waialeale (Blue Hole) Hike - Kauai
Waialeale (Blue Hole) Hike - Kauai
Published: 2014/06/21
Channel: burritosmithjohnson
Mt. Waialeale on Kauai taken in December,2015
Mt. Waialeale on Kauai taken in December,2015
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: Delan Nelson
Top of Kauai - Waialeale
Top of Kauai - Waialeale
Published: 2006/11/02
Channel: bhawaiianhelicopters
Waialeale Blue Hole Hike
Waialeale Blue Hole Hike
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: Peter Melick
Mount Waialeale | Kauai | Hawaii | USA ,  shield volcano  with  substantial rainfall and waterfalls
Mount Waialeale | Kauai | Hawaii | USA , shield volcano with substantial rainfall and waterfalls
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Cities of the World
Mount Waialeale landslide
Mount Waialeale landslide
Published: 2014/07/02
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Blue Hole from Waiʻaleʻale Rim
Blue Hole from Waiʻaleʻale Rim
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Grant Anderson
Video of landslide at Mount Waialeale
Video of landslide at Mount Waialeale
Published: 2014/07/02
Channel: KITV
Hiking through the Wettest Place on Earth: Mount Wai
Hiking through the Wettest Place on Earth: Mount Wai'ale'ale Valley
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: The Hiking HI
Waterfalls in the Waialeale Crater
Waterfalls in the Waialeale Crater
Published: 2012/04/30
Channel: canstopnot
Mt Waialeale, Kauai, waterfalls from helicopter
Mt Waialeale, Kauai, waterfalls from helicopter
Published: 2011/12/07
Channel: seeNCConYT
Waialeale Weeping Wall
Waialeale Weeping Wall
Published: 2011/06/30
Channel: Hawaii
KAUAI - HELICOPTER TOUR - MT WAIALEALE
KAUAI - HELICOPTER TOUR - MT WAIALEALE
Published: 2013/07/02
Channel: albertclu
Kauai
Kauai's Waialeale helicopter view
Published: 2011/03/27
Channel: hooovie1
Flying into the Crater of Mt. Waialeale
Flying into the Crater of Mt. Waialeale
Published: 2009/07/26
Channel: ruju6
Mount Waialeale - Kauai, Hawaii
Mount Waialeale - Kauai, Hawaii
Published: 2015/03/01
Channel: Chris Riofta
Nani Wai
Nani Wai'ale'ale
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: Darlene Ahuna - Topic
Clouds Over Mount Waialeale
Clouds Over Mount Waialeale
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Robert Green
Mount Waialeale, Kauai
Mount Waialeale, Kauai
Published: 2012/06/15
Channel: Roy Williams
Mt. Waialeale. Helicopter 07-25-10.
Mt. Waialeale. Helicopter 07-25-10.
Published: 2010/07/25
Channel: eamonnc9
Waialeale Crater
Waialeale Crater
Published: 2014/03/14
Channel: gatlab
Waterfalls at Mount Waialeale
Waterfalls at Mount Waialeale
Published: 2007/10/02
Channel: americalavonne
Waialeale
Waialeale
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: cruizahkimo2
Kauai Helicopter tour - Mt. Waialeale Crater
Kauai Helicopter tour - Mt. Waialeale Crater
Published: 2012/05/26
Channel: Anthony Copper
Views of Mount Waiʻaleʻale and Kawaikin
Views of Mount Waiʻaleʻale and Kawaikin
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Grant Anderson
Rian Butala - Inside Mount Waialeale wettest spot on earth
Rian Butala - Inside Mount Waialeale wettest spot on earth
Published: 2015/05/15
Channel: Mamata Desai
Top of Kauai - Waialeale
Top of Kauai - Waialeale
Published: 2010/11/12
Channel: David Chevalier
WAIALEALE
WAIALEALE
Published: 2010/09/26
Channel: Toshimi Okuyama
Nani Waialeale Ipu Song 1st Verse
Nani Waialeale Ipu Song 1st Verse
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: Sanoe Garcia
Kokee State Park Kauai Moist Wet Area really Green. Mt. Waialeale
Kokee State Park Kauai Moist Wet Area really Green. Mt. Waialeale
Published: 2014/09/14
Channel: jusride7
Eia Tita, Kou Kalipa: Waialeale Sarsona at TEDxManoa
Eia Tita, Kou Kalipa: Waialeale Sarsona at TEDxManoa
Published: 2012/10/25
Channel: TEDx Talks
Nani waialeale
Nani waialeale
Published: 2012/11/04
Channel: stacey duell
Kauai
Kauai's Waialeale Weeping Walls
Published: 2010/08/29
Channel: Quito Banogon
Flooding on the Island of Kauai, HI USA
Flooding on the Island of Kauai, HI USA
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: Grassroots News
Wettest spot in the world| WAIALEALE AND WAIALEALE CANYON
Wettest spot in the world| WAIALEALE AND WAIALEALE CANYON
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Donte brown
Kauai waialeale
Kauai waialeale
Published: 2010/09/02
Channel: Sandra Wolfe
Hiking Kauai Waialeale blue hole waterfalls
Hiking Kauai Waialeale blue hole waterfalls
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Hiking Kauai LLC
Waialeale Wall from the weir on Kauai
Waialeale Wall from the weir on Kauai
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: Hawaii
Waialeale Basin Waterfall
Waialeale Basin Waterfall
Published: 2011/06/30
Channel: Hawaii
Hiking Kauai beautiful waterfalls at blue hole Waialeale
Hiking Kauai beautiful waterfalls at blue hole Waialeale
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: Hiking Kauai LLC
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Waiʻaleʻale
Whylake.jpg
Waiʻaleʻale (or 'Rippling Waters') Lake, the namesake of Mount Waiʻaleʻale.
Highest point
Elevation 5,148 ft (1,569 m)
Coordinates 22°04′26″N 159°29′55″W / 22.07389°N 159.49861°W / 22.07389; -159.49861Coordinates: 22°04′26″N 159°29′55″W / 22.07389°N 159.49861°W / 22.07389; -159.49861
Geography
Waiʻaleʻale is located in Hawaii
Waiʻaleʻale
Waiʻaleʻale

Mount Waiʻaleʻale (why ah lay ah lay), often spelled Waialeale in English without the ʻokina, is a shield volcano and the second highest point on the island of Kauaʻi in the Hawaiian Islands. Its name literally means "rippling water" or "overflowing water" [1]

The mountain, at an elevation of 5,148 feet (1,569 m), averages more than 452 inches (11,500 mm) of rain a year since 1912, with a record 683 inches (17,300 mm) in 1982; its summit is one of the rainiest spots on earth.[2][not in citation given] Recent reports though mention that over the period 1978–2007 the wettest spot in Hawaii is Big Bog on Maui (404 inches or 10,300 mm per year).[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate and Rainfall Statistics[edit]

The "Wall of Tears" in the crater of Mount Waialeale

The summit of Waiʻaleʻale features a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af), with substantial rainfall throughout the course of the year. (Bodin 1978: 272) quotes 460.0 inches (11,684 mm) per year figure as being the 1912–45 average, an average that quite possibly will have changed since then, while The National Climatic Data Center quotes this figure as a 30-year average.[4] The Weather Network and The Guinness Book of Weather Records (Holford 1977: 240) quotes 451.0 inches (11,455 mm) rain per year, while (Ahrens 2000: 528) quotes 460 inches (11,680 mm) as the average annual rainfall at Mount Waialeale and (Kroll 1995: 188) claims 510 inches (13,000 mm) falls here. Similarly, The Weather Network and the Guinness Book of Weather Records quote 335 days with rain here while (Simons 1996: 303) suggests that rain falls on 360 days per year.

The local tourist industry of Waialeale has promoted it as the wettest spot, although the 38-year average at Mawsynram, Meghalaya, India is higher at 467.4 inches (11,870 mm). Both Mawsynram and Cherrapunji in Meghalaya are recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as having higher average rainfall. Mawsynram's rainfall is concentrated in the monsoon season, while the rain at Waiʻaleʻale is more evenly distributed through the year.

Climate data for Mount Waialeale
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 79.9
(26.6)
81.2
(27.3)
83.3
(28.5)
79.6
(26.4)
82.2
(27.9)
81.8
(27.7)
82.6
(28.1)
83.1
(28.4)
83.6
(28.7)
83.4
(28.6)
81.9
(27.7)
81.1
(27.3)
83.6
(28.7)
Average high °F (°C) 77.9
(25.5)
77.7
(25.4)
77.6
(25.3)
78.2
(25.7)
79.3
(26.3)
80.5
(26.9)
81.1
(27.3)
81.7
(27.6)
81.0
(27.2)
78.9
(26.1)
77.4
(25.2)
79.0
(26.1)
79.19
(26.22)
Daily mean °F (°C) 69.8
(21)
70.2
(21.2)
70.5
(21.4)
70.8
(21.6)
71.6
(22)
72.8
(22.7)
74.0
(23.3)
74.4
(23.6)
74.6
(23.7)
74.2
(23.4)
72.6
(22.6)
70.8
(21.6)
72.19
(22.34)
Average low °F (°C) 61.7
(16.5)
62.7
(17.1)
63.4
(17.4)
63.4
(17.4)
63.9
(17.7)
65.1
(18.4)
66.9
(19.4)
67.1
(19.5)
68.2
(20.1)
69.5
(20.8)
67.8
(19.9)
62.6
(17)
65.19
(18.43)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 24.78
(629.4)
24.63
(625.6)
27.24
(691.9)
47.24
(1,199.9)
28.34
(719.8)
30.65
(778.5)
35.87
(911.1)
32.75
(831.9)
24.14
(613.2)
31.76
(806.7)
36.33
(922.8)
30.10
(764.5)
373.83
(9,495.3)
Average rainy days N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 365
Source #1: NOAA[5]
Source #2: Weatherbase [6]

Causes[edit]

Several factors give the summit of Waiʻaleʻale more potential to create precipitation than the rest of the island chain:

  1. Its northern position relative to the main Hawaiian Islands provides more exposure to frontal systems that bring rain during the winter.
  2. It has a relatively round and regular conical shape, exposing all sides of its peak to winds and the moisture that they carry.
  3. Its peak lies just below the so-called trade wind inversion layer of 6,000 feet (1,800 m), above which trade-wind-produced clouds cannot rise.
  4. And most importantly, the steep cliffs cause the moisture-laden air to rise rapidly – over 3,000 feet (910 m) in less than 0.5 miles (0.80 km) – and drop a large portion of its rain in one spot, as opposed to spreading the rain out over a larger area if the slope were more gradual.

Ecology[edit]

The great rainfall in the area produces the Alakaʻi Wilderness Preserve, a large boggy area that is home to many rare plants. The ground is so wet that although trails exist, access by foot to the Waiʻaleʻale area is extremely difficult.

A number of rare local plant species are named for this mountain, including Astelia waialealae, Melicope waialealae, and the endemic Dubautia waialealae.[7]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Ahrens, C.D. (2000), Meteorology Today, Brooks/Cole, ISBN 0-534-39776-X 
  • Bodin, S. (1978), Weather and Climate, Blandford, ISBN 0-7137-0858-1 
  • Holford, I. (1977), The Guinness Book of Weather Records, Book Club Associates 
  • Kroll, E. (1995), De Wereld van het Weer, Teleac 
  • Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert, Samuel H.; Mookini, Esther T. (1974). Place names of Hawaii (2nd ed.). University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0524-1. 
  • Simons, P. (1996), Weird Weather, Little Brown and Company 

External links[edit]

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