Play Video
1
Mumtaz Mahal.mp4
Mumtaz Mahal.mp4
::2010/12/12::
Play Video
2
Mumtaz Mahal Insan ka sar aur Janwar ka dhar
Mumtaz Mahal Insan ka sar aur Janwar ka dhar
::2014/06/20::
Play Video
3
Pakistani Half Fox - Half Human "Mumtaz Mahal" plays mythical creature at Karachi zoo
Pakistani Half Fox - Half Human "Mumtaz Mahal" plays mythical creature at Karachi zoo
::2014/06/24::
Play Video
4
Taj Mahal India. HD The love of  Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.
Taj Mahal India. HD The love of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
5
The Taj Mahal- Architecture of  Love
The Taj Mahal- Architecture of Love
::2012/10/09::
Play Video
6
Ash To Play Mumtaz Mahal
Ash To Play Mumtaz Mahal
::2010/06/19::
Play Video
7
Taj Mahal - An Eternal Love Story - Mumtaz Tujhe Dekha
Taj Mahal - An Eternal Love Story - Mumtaz Tujhe Dekha
::2009/05/15::
Play Video
8
Mumtaz Mahal
Mumtaz Mahal
::2013/04/03::
Play Video
9
Dil Ki Dharkan Bana Liya-Khurshid Bano-Mumtaz Mahal (1944).flv
Dil Ki Dharkan Bana Liya-Khurshid Bano-Mumtaz Mahal (1944).flv
::2012/04/03::
Play Video
10
Dan Zamfirache - Mumtaz Mahal
Dan Zamfirache - Mumtaz Mahal
::2007/02/04::
Play Video
11
Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal
Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal
::2010/02/10::
Play Video
12
kurdmax tv . tam cej mumtaz mahal rest
kurdmax tv . tam cej mumtaz mahal rest
::2014/06/09::
Play Video
13
mumtaz begum
mumtaz begum
::2012/06/08::
Play Video
14
Jo Hum Pe Guzarti Hai Mumtaz Mahal 1944 Khemchand Prakash Wali Sahib Khursheed Bano Khurshid
Jo Hum Pe Guzarti Hai Mumtaz Mahal 1944 Khemchand Prakash Wali Sahib Khursheed Bano Khurshid
::2013/08/14::
Play Video
15
Mumtaz Begum Karachi Zoo
Mumtaz Begum Karachi Zoo
::2014/06/21::
Play Video
16
Khusheed Bano in Mumtaz Mahal
Khusheed Bano in Mumtaz Mahal
::2009/11/07::
Play Video
17
Apna banake phir kyun bhulaya Film mumtaz mahal (1957) Singers (Talat, Sudha)
Apna banake phir kyun bhulaya Film mumtaz mahal (1957) Singers (Talat, Sudha)
::2011/06/20::
Play Video
18
Sam Roberts Taj Mahal
Sam Roberts Taj Mahal
::2009/10/07::
Play Video
19
Mumtaz Mahal Part 1
Mumtaz Mahal Part 1
::2014/03/12::
Play Video
20
Mumtaz Mahal Restaurant
Mumtaz Mahal Restaurant
::2014/05/11::
Play Video
21
[인도] 마할의 왕관을 찾아서 1부 (Mumtaz Mahal and Taj Mahal) by 진예정 (a.k.a. 진초키)
[인도] 마할의 왕관을 찾아서 1부 (Mumtaz Mahal and Taj Mahal) by 진예정 (a.k.a. 진초키)
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
22
Mumtaz Mahal Life History - Mystery Women
Mumtaz Mahal Life History - Mystery Women
::2014/09/22::
Play Video
23
Mumtaz Mahal Indian Specialty Restaurant
Mumtaz Mahal Indian Specialty Restaurant
::2012/11/04::
Play Video
24
Mumtaz Mahal 10
Mumtaz Mahal 10
::2012/10/28::
Play Video
25
DIL KI DHADKAN BANA LIYA UNKO- KHURSHEED- FILM- MUMTAZ MAHAL(1944)A TRIBUTE TO KHURSHEED
DIL KI DHADKAN BANA LIYA UNKO- KHURSHEED- FILM- MUMTAZ MAHAL(1944)A TRIBUTE TO KHURSHEED
::2014/04/18::
Play Video
26
MERE DIL JHOOM ZARA. MUMTAZ MAHAL (1957). S. BALBIR
MERE DIL JHOOM ZARA. MUMTAZ MAHAL (1957). S. BALBIR
::2012/03/05::
Play Video
27
The Morning Show , 19th June 2014 , Full , With Sanam ,(Mumtaz Butt Insaan Hai Ya Janwar)
The Morning Show , 19th June 2014 , Full , With Sanam ,(Mumtaz Butt Insaan Hai Ya Janwar)
::2014/06/19::
Play Video
28
Main Dil Ka Saaz Bajaata Hoon - Mumtaz Mahal (1957) Vinod, Talat, Hasrat Jaipuri
Main Dil Ka Saaz Bajaata Hoon - Mumtaz Mahal (1957) Vinod, Talat, Hasrat Jaipuri
::2014/07/02::
Play Video
29
Taj Mahal (1963) Bollywood Classic Full Length Hindi Movie,Free to Watch,Bina Rai, Pradeep Kumar
Taj Mahal (1963) Bollywood Classic Full Length Hindi Movie,Free to Watch,Bina Rai, Pradeep Kumar
::2014/01/27::
Play Video
30
Mumtaz Mahal [1957] Mere Dil Jhoom Zara Balbir
Mumtaz Mahal [1957] Mere Dil Jhoom Zara Balbir
::2013/02/27::
Play Video
31
AAYI HOON MEIN CHAMAK CHANDANI. MUMTAZ MAHAL(1957).GEETA DUTT
AAYI HOON MEIN CHAMAK CHANDANI. MUMTAZ MAHAL(1957).GEETA DUTT
::2012/03/05::
Play Video
32
National Geographic Documentary - Secrets Of The Taj Mahal
National Geographic Documentary - Secrets Of The Taj Mahal
::2013/09/15::
Play Video
33
Riad Palais Mumtaz Mahal in Essaouira Morocco Video from Hostels247.com
Riad Palais Mumtaz Mahal in Essaouira Morocco Video from Hostels247.com
::2011/02/01::
Play Video
34
"Fox-Human Creature" Enthralls Karachi Zoo Visitors
"Fox-Human Creature" Enthralls Karachi Zoo Visitors
::2014/06/24::
Play Video
35
Shah Jahan & Mumtaz Mahal
Shah Jahan & Mumtaz Mahal
::2012/08/08::
Play Video
36
The famous "Snake Coffee" served at the Mumtaz Mahal Indian Restaurant in Muscat, Oman
The famous "Snake Coffee" served at the Mumtaz Mahal Indian Restaurant in Muscat, Oman
::2009/04/01::
Play Video
37
MAIN DIL KA SAAZ BAJATA HUN TALAT MAHMOOD FILM MUMTAZ MAHAL..
MAIN DIL KA SAAZ BAJATA HUN TALAT MAHMOOD FILM MUMTAZ MAHAL..
::2010/02/11::
Play Video
38
Kurdmax . Tam u Cej . Rest Mumtaz Mahal
Kurdmax . Tam u Cej . Rest Mumtaz Mahal
::2014/06/06::
Play Video
39
MERA DIL JHOOM RAHA- BRUJMALA FILM- MUMTAZ MAHAL(1944) MD- KHEMCHAND PRAKASH LY WALI SAHAB
MERA DIL JHOOM RAHA- BRUJMALA FILM- MUMTAZ MAHAL(1944) MD- KHEMCHAND PRAKASH LY WALI SAHAB
::2013/07/11::
Play Video
40
Taj Mahal, the mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal, on the bank of the  river Yamuna in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India; 23rd February 2012
Taj Mahal, the mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal, on the bank of the river Yamuna in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India; 23rd February 2012
::2012/04/10::
Play Video
41
Gaurav Tandon at Mumtaz Mahal on Weekend Out
Gaurav Tandon at Mumtaz Mahal on Weekend Out
::2011/02/07::
Play Video
42
MUMTAZ MAHAL
MUMTAZ MAHAL
::2010/10/24::
Play Video
43
1001 séductrices - Mumtaz Mahal - théâtre.wmv
1001 séductrices - Mumtaz Mahal - théâtre.wmv
::2010/12/21::
Play Video
44
Mumtaz Mahal.
Mumtaz Mahal.
::2014/07/04::
Play Video
45
I Felt Like Mumtaz Mahal - Mallika Sherawat
I Felt Like Mumtaz Mahal - Mallika Sherawat
::2013/10/09::
Play Video
46
mumtaz mahal koli
mumtaz mahal koli
::2012/11/03::
Play Video
47
Red Fort Diwan-i-Aam,Mumtaz Mahal,Diwan-i-Khas,Hammam,Moti Masjid,Hira Mahal,Shahi Burj etc
Red Fort Diwan-i-Aam,Mumtaz Mahal,Diwan-i-Khas,Hammam,Moti Masjid,Hira Mahal,Shahi Burj etc
::2014/03/10::
Play Video
48
Mumtaz Mahal, Essaouira, Morocco
Mumtaz Mahal, Essaouira, Morocco
::2014/06/03::
Play Video
49
Mumtaz Mahal
Mumtaz Mahal
::2009/05/01::
Play Video
50
Mumtaz Mahal Part 2
Mumtaz Mahal Part 2
::2014/03/12::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

For other uses, see Mumtaz Mahal (disambiguation).

Mumtaz Mahal
Mumtaz Mahal.jpg
An artistic depiction of Mumtaz Mahal
Empress consort of the Mughal Empire
Tenure 8 November 1627 – 17 June 1631
Spouse Shah Jahan
Issue Jahanara Begum
Dara Shikoh
Shah Shuja
Roshanara Begum
Aurangzeb
Murad Baksh
Gauharara Begum
Full name
Arjumand Banu
House Timurid (by marriage)
Father Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan
Mother Plondregi Begum
Born 1 September 1593
Agra, Mughal Empire
Died 17 June 1631
Burhanpur, Mughal Empire
Burial Taj Mahal
Religion Shia Islam
Emperor Shah Jahan is accompanied by his and Mumtaz Mahal's three sons: Dara Shikoh, Shah Shuja and Aurangzeb, including their maternal grandfather Asaf Khan IV.
Cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal in the Taj Mahal, alongside her husband Shah Jahan

Mumtaz Mahal (1 September 1593 – 17 June 1631) (Persian, Urdu: ممتاز محل‎; Hindi: मुमताज़ महल [mumˈt̪aːz mɛˈɦɛl]; meaning "the chosen one of the palace") was a Mughal Empress and chief consort of emperor Shah Jahan. The Taj Mahal in Agra was constructed by her husband as her final resting place.

Born as Arjumand Banu Begum in Agra in a family of Persian nobility as a daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, making her a niece and later daughter-in-law of Empress Nur Jehan, the wife of the emperor Jahangir.[1] Arjumand Banu Begum was married at the age of 19, on 10 May 1612, to Prince Khurram, later known as Emperor Shah Jahan, who conferred upon her the title "Mumtaz Mahal". Though betrothed to Shah Jahan in 1607, she ultimately became his second wife in 1612 and was his favorite. She died in Burhanpur in the Deccan (now in Madhya Pradesh) during the birth of their fourteenth child, a daughter named Gauhara Begum.[2]

Mumtaz Mahal mothered fourteen children by Shah Jahan, including Aurangzeb, the son who temporarily succeeded Shah Jahan until deposed by his brother and the Imperial Prince Dara Shikoh, the heir apparent anointed by Shah Jahan and Jahanara Begum, the Imperial Princess.

Biography[edit]

Cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal

Arjumand Banu Begum was born in Agra in a family of Persian nobility as a daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, making her a niece (and later daughter-in-law) of Empress Nur Jehan, the wife of the emperor Jahangir.[1] Her older sister, Parwar Khanum, married Sheikh Farid, the son of Nawab Qutubuddin Koka, the governor of Badaun who was also the emperor Jahangir's foster brother. Empress Mumtaz was religiously a Shia Muslim.[3]

In 1607 AD (1016 AH), Prince Khurram, also known as Shah Jahan, was betrothed to Arjumand Banu Begum who was just 14 years old at the time, but would nonetheless become the unquestioned love of his life. They would, however, have to wait five years before they were married in 1612 AD (1021 AH), on a date selected by the court astrologers as most conducive to ensuring a happy marriage. After their wedding celebrations, Khurram "finding her in appearance and character elect among all the women of the time", gave her the title 'Mumtaz Mahal' Begum (Chosen One of the Palace).[4] 18 AH). The intervening years had seen Khurram take two other wives. But by all accounts however, Khurram was so taken with Mumtaz that he showed little interest in exercising his polygamous rights with the two earlier wives, other than dutifully siring a child with each. According to the official court chronicler, Motamid Khan (as recorded in his Iqbal Namah-e-Jahangiri), the relationship with his other wives "had nothing more than the status of marriage. The intimacy, deep affection, attention and favour which His Majesty had for the Cradle of Excellence (Mumtaz) exceeded by a thousand times what he felt for any other."[4][5][6]

Mumtaz Mahal had a deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, grace and compassion. She was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. Mumtaz was portrayed as having no aspirations to political power in contrast to her aunt, Empress Nur Jehan, the chief consort of Emperor Jahangir, who had wielded considerable influence in the previous reign.[7] A great influence on him, apparently often intervening on behalf of the poor and destitute, she also enjoyed watching elephant and combat fights performed for the court. It was quite common for women of noble birth to commission architecture in the Mughal Empire, so Mumtaz devoted some time to a riverside garden in Agra.

Despite her frequent pregnancies, Mumtaz travelled with Shah Jahan's entourage throughout his earlier military campaigns and the subsequent rebellion against his father. She was his constant companion and trusted confidant, leading court historians to go to unheard lengths to document the intimate and erotic relationship the couple enjoyed. In their nineteen years of marriage, they had fourteen children together, seven of whom died at birth or at a very young age.[2][citation needed]

When Shah Jahan travelled from Balapur Fort to Burhanpur, mother of Mirza Azam and elder daughter of Shahzada Mirza Badi-uz-Zaman Safavi, alias Shah Nawaz Khan of the Safavid dynasty, the princess Dilras Banu Begum, wife of Aurangzeb along with Mumtaz and cousin/brother Shah Beg Khan, along with military personnel - stayed three nights near Argaon at Hiwarkhed, before the birth of their fourteenth child.[citation needed]

Mumtaz Mahal died in Burhanpur in 1631 AD (1040 AH) while giving birth to her fourteenth child.[2] She had been accompanying her husband while he was fighting a campaign in the Deccan Plateau. Her body was temporarily buried at Burhanpur in a walled pleasure garden known as Zainabad originally constructed by Shah Jahan's uncle Daniyal on the bank of the Tapti River.[8] The contemporary court chroniclers paid an unusual amount of attention to Mumtaz Mahal's death and Shah Jahan's grief at her demise. In the immediate aftermath of his bereavement, the emperor was reportedly inconsolable.[9] Apparently after her death, Shah Jahan went into secluded mourning for a year.[9] When he appeared again, his hair had turned white, his back was bent, and his face worn. Shah Jahan's eldest daughter, Jahanara Begum, gradually brought him out of grief and took the place of Mumtaz at court.

Her personal fortune (valued at 10,000,000 rupees) was divided by Shah Jahan between Jahanara Begum, who received half and the rest of her surviving children.[10] Burhanpur was never intended by her husband as his wife's final resting spot. As a result, her body was disinterred in December 1631 and transported in a golden casket escorted by her son Shah Shuja and the head lady in waiting of the deceased Empress back to Agra.[11] There it was interred in a small building on the banks of the Yamuna River. Shah Jahan stayed behind in Burhanpur to conclude the military campaign that had originally brought him to the region. While there, he began planning the design and construction of a suitable mausoleum and funerary garden in Agra for his wife. It was a task that would take more than 22 years to complete: the Taj Mahal.

A crater was named in her honour on asteroid 433 Eros, along with another one after her husband.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Abu Fazl 'Allami, Áín i Akbarí
  2. ^ a b c Kumar A, Monument of Love or Symbol of Maternal Death: The Story Behind the Taj Mahal, (2014), http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.crwh.2014.07.001
  3. ^ "Waqf board handles Muslim rulers' property". The Times Of India. 2 October 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Koch, page 18.
  5. ^ Qazwini. fol. 233a translated by Begley and Desai (1984), page 14.
  6. ^ Bloom, J. and Blair, S. (1994). "The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250-1800". New Haven and London: Yale University Press
  7. ^ Koch, page 19.
  8. ^ Preston, page 171.
  9. ^ a b Koch, page 20.
  10. ^ Preston, page 175.
  11. ^ Preston, page 176.

References[edit]

  • Koch, Ebba. The Complete Taj Mahal: And the Riverfront Gardens of Agra (Hardback) (First ed.). Thames & Hudson Ltd. pp. 288 pages. ISBN 0-500-34209-1. 
  • Preston, Diana & Michael (2007). A Teardrop on the Cheek of Time (Hardback) (First ed.). London: Doubleday. pp. 354 pages. ISBN 978-0-385-60947-0. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Mumtaz Mahal at Wikimedia Commons

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014