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Museum für Naturkunde, Natural History Museum, Berlin
Museum für Naturkunde, Natural History Museum, Berlin
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: My Guide Network
Naturkunde Museum Berlin - Natural Science History Museum in Berlin
Naturkunde Museum Berlin - Natural Science History Museum in Berlin
Published: 2016/11/27
Channel: Gabriel Vasile
Dinosaurs roar into life in Berlin thanks to virtual reality
Dinosaurs roar into life in Berlin thanks to virtual reality
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: AFP news agency
Giraffatitan: Back to Life in Virtual Reality #PreviouslyOnEarth
Giraffatitan: Back to Life in Virtual Reality #PreviouslyOnEarth
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Google Arts & Culture
A glance at the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Natural History Museum Berlin)
A glance at the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Natural History Museum Berlin)
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Prehistoric Museums | Museum für Naturkunde
Prehistoric Museums | Museum für Naturkunde
Published: 2014/09/27
Channel: ThePrehistoricMaster
Epic visit to the German Historical Museum in Berlin!
Epic visit to the German Historical Museum in Berlin!
Published: 2014/12/26
Channel: Apocalyptic Knights
Naturkundemuseum Berlin // Natural History Museum, Berlin
Naturkundemuseum Berlin // Natural History Museum, Berlin
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: AMPELMANN Berlin
Germany: 66 million year old T-REX goes on show at Berlin Natural History Museum
Germany: 66 million year old T-REX goes on show at Berlin Natural History Museum
Published: 2015/07/13
Channel: Ruptly TV
T-Rex Tristan in Berlin Natural History Museum
T-Rex Tristan in Berlin Natural History Museum
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: lakkot.b
Berlin museum displays original T-Rex skeleton
Berlin museum displays original T-Rex skeleton
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: CGTN
Germany: Europe
Germany: Europe's first-ever T-Rex skeleton put on display in Berlin
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Ruptly TV
fast natural history museum berlin
fast natural history museum berlin
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: Nino Arias
Berlin Museum of Natural History
Berlin Museum of Natural History
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Eddie Mercado
Interactive Berlin History Museum: The Story of Berlin
Interactive Berlin History Museum: The Story of Berlin
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: My Guide Network
Everlasting Knut: famous bear moves to Natural History Museum - no comment
Everlasting Knut: famous bear moves to Natural History Museum - no comment
Published: 2014/07/29
Channel: No Comment TV
Museum für Naturkunde (Natural History Museum) - In A Berlin Minute (Week 13)
Museum für Naturkunde (Natural History Museum) - In A Berlin Minute (Week 13)
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Moving Postcard
The Top Ten Best Dinosaur Museums
The Top Ten Best Dinosaur Museums
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: The Top Ten
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin [Okt 2015]
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin [Okt 2015]
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: JCW Weener
Berlin Natural History Museum | daneesaur #VEDS 28
Berlin Natural History Museum | daneesaur #VEDS 28
Published: 2017/10/06
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Germany
Germany's Museum of Natural History scientists hatch first dinosaur egg in 100m years
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: nollygrio
Museum of Natural History
Museum of Natural History
Published: 2010/01/19
Channel: visitBerlin
Berlin Natural History Museum
Berlin Natural History Museum
Published: 2015/10/21
Channel: Kate Hazlehurst
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Published: 2010/01/19
Channel: visitBerlin
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Berlin's Museum for Natural History - mini-doc
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: 60 Seconds
Berlin Museum
Berlin Museum
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Faizan Khalid
Natural History Museum in Berlin - dinosaurus - animation
Natural History Museum in Berlin - dinosaurus - animation
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Marijan B
Truths and LIES at the Natural History Museum! | IWT @ Museum fuer Naturkunde Berlin
Truths and LIES at the Natural History Museum! | IWT @ Museum fuer Naturkunde Berlin
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: iwilltry
Natural History Museum in Berlin - dinosaurus
Natural History Museum in Berlin - dinosaurus
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Marijan B
Dinosaur video at Natural History Museum of Berlin - Germany
Dinosaur video at Natural History Museum of Berlin - Germany
Published: 2009/02/17
Channel: mikaeljukkapekka
Deutsches Historisches Museum Berlin, German and European History
Deutsches Historisches Museum Berlin, German and European History
Published: 2010/11/14
Channel: Stefan F. Wirth
Museum of natural history Berlin
Museum of natural history Berlin
Published: 2007/07/22
Channel: LomLom1975
Natural History Museum Berlin
Natural History Museum Berlin
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Pat Gannon-Leary
Museum fûr naturkunde del8
Museum fûr naturkunde del8
Published: 2009/11/16
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Germany - Berlin natural history museum
Germany - Berlin natural history museum
Published: 2009/10/12
Channel: Corvid Chaser
Sauropods at the Natural History Museum in Berlin
Sauropods at the Natural History Museum in Berlin
Published: 2010/04/17
Channel: darwinsboy
Case Study  -  T.rex  -  Natural history museum of Berlin
Case Study - T.rex - Natural history museum of Berlin
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: CASIO Projectors Europe
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Published: 2009/10/18
Channel: Giulio Grieco
ShiverZ & Syxx Berlin Adventure: Day 3 - Kaiser Wilhelm/Natural History Museum
ShiverZ & Syxx Berlin Adventure: Day 3 - Kaiser Wilhelm/Natural History Museum
Published: 2009/10/18
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TOP 15. Best Museums in Berlin - Travel Germany
TOP 15. Best Museums in Berlin - Travel Germany
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: UltramodernHome
End come too soon - natural history museum Berlin
End come too soon - natural history museum Berlin
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: emxe
Backstage at Berlin
Backstage at Berlin's Museum for Natural History
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: 60 Seconds
66 Million years old dinosaur in Berlin
66 Million years old dinosaur in Berlin
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: VideoNews
Natural History Museum Dinosaur T-REX
Natural History Museum Dinosaur T-REX
Published: 2016/03/31
Channel: Zara Zara
Archeopteryx in Berlin
Archeopteryx in Berlin
Published: 2011/10/04
Channel: Nino Arias
Natural History Museum in Berlin | http://www.europe800.com
Natural History Museum in Berlin | http://www.europe800.com
Published: 2013/12/25
Channel: Europe800
Missa Charles Darwin @ Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin
Missa Charles Darwin @ Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Gregory W Brown
ART/NATURE Conference Berlin: Keynote Lecture "The Natural History Complex", Petra Lange-Berndt
ART/NATURE Conference Berlin: Keynote Lecture "The Natural History Complex", Petra Lange-Berndt
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
ART/NATURE Conference Berlin: "The Alchemical Afterlife", Janet Laurence
ART/NATURE Conference Berlin: "The Alchemical Afterlife", Janet Laurence
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Germany: First ever replica of Spinosaurus skeleton hits Berlin
Germany: First ever replica of Spinosaurus skeleton hits Berlin
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Ruptly TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Natural History Museum, Berlin
Berlin, Mitte, Invalidenstrasse 43, Museum für Naturkunde.jpg
Established 1810
Location Invalidenstraße 43
10115 Berlin, Germany
Coordinates 52°31′48″N 13°22′46″E / 52.530020°N 13.379514°E / 52.530020; 13.379514
Type Natural history museum
Director Johannes Vogel
Website http://www.naturkundemuseum.berlin/en

The Natural History Museum (in German: Museum für Naturkunde) is a natural history museum located in Berlin, Germany. It exhibits a vast range of specimens from various segments of natural history and in such domain it is one of three major museums in Germany alongside Naturmuseum Senckenberg in Frankfurt and Museum Koenig in Bonn. German speakers mainly call this museum Museum für Naturkunde since this is the term that can be read in the façade's Museum. It is also called Naturkundemuseum or even Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin so that it can be distinguished from other museums in Germany also named as Museum für Naturkunde. The museum's official name changed through time. It had been originally founded in 1810 as a part of the Berlin University, which changed its name to Humboldt University of Berlin in 1949. This is why the Natural History Museum in Berlin had been known for a long part of its history as the "Humboldt Museum",[1] but in 2009 it left the university to join the Leibniz Association. The current official name is Museum für Naturkunde – Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung and the "Humboldt" name is no longer related to this museum. Furthermore: there is another Humboldt-Museum in Berlin in Tegel Palace dealing with brothers Wilhelm and Alexander von Humboldt.

The museum houses more than 30 million zoological, paleontological, and mineralogical specimens, including more than ten thousand type specimens. It is famous for two exhibits: the largest mounted dinosaur in the world (a Giraffatitan skeleton), and a well-preserved specimen of the earliest known bird, Archaeopteryx. The museum's mineral collections date back to the Prussian Academy of Sciences of 1700. Important historic zoological specimens include those recovered by the German deep-sea Valdiva expedition (1898–99), the German Southpolar Expedition (1901–03), and the German Sunda Expedition (1929–31). Expeditions to fossil beds in Tendaguru in former Deutsch Ostafrika (today Tanzania) unearthed rich paleontological treasures. The collections are so extensive that less than 1 in 5000 specimens is exhibited, and they attract researchers from around the world. Additional exhibits include a mineral collection representing 75% of the minerals in the world, a large meteor collection, the largest piece of amber in the world; exhibits of the now-extinct quagga, huia, and tasmanian tiger, and "Bobby" the gorilla, a Berlin Zoo celebrity from the 1920s and 1930s.

Exhibitions[edit]

The Dinosaur Hall seen from the entrance, with the skeleton of Giraffatitan (formerly Brachiosaurus) brancai in the center
The 'Berlin Specimen' of Archaeopteryx

Since the museum renovation in 2007, a large hall explains biodiversity and the processes of evolution, while several rooms feature regularly changing special exhibitions.

Dinosaur Hall[edit]

The specimen of Giraffatitan brancai[2] in the central exhibit hall is the largest mounted dinosaur skeleton in the world.

It is composed of fossilized bones recovered by the German paleontologist Werner Janensch from the fossil-rich Tendaguru beds of Tanzania between 1909 and 1913. The remains are primarily from one gigantic animal, except for a few tail bones (caudal vertebrae), which belong to another animal of the same size and species.

The historical mount (until about 2005) was 12.72 m (41 ft 5 in) tall, and 22.25 m (73 ft) long. In 2007 it was remounted according to new scientific evidence, reaching a height of 13.27 m. When living, the long-tailed, long-necked herbivore probably weighed 50 t (55 tons). While the Diplodocus carnegiei mounted next to it (a copy of an original from the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, United States) actually exceeds it in length (27 m, or 90 ft), the Berlin specimen is taller, and far more massive.

The Dinosaur hall, reverse view. Kentrosaurus in the foreground, Diplodocus, Giraffatitan and Dicraeosaurus from left to right in the back.

Archaeopteryx[edit]

The "Berlin Specimen" of Archaeopteryx lithographica (HMN 1880), is displayed in the central exhibit hall. The dinosaur-like body with an attached tooth-filled head, wings, claws, long lizard-like tail, and the clear impression of feathers in the surrounding stone is strong evidence of the link between reptiles and birds. The Archaeopteryx is a transitional fossil; and the time of its discovery was apt: coming on the heels of Darwin's 1859 magnum opus, The Origin of Species, made it quite possibly the most famous fossil in the world.

Recovered from the German Solnhofen limestone beds in 1871, it is only the third Archaeopteryx to be discovered and the most complete. The first specimen, a single 150-million-year-old feather found in 1860, is also in the possession of the museum.

Minerals Halls[edit]

The MFN's collection comprises roughly 250,000 specimens of minerals, of which roughly 4,500 are on exhibit in the Hall of Minerals.[3][4]

Evolution in action[edit]

A large hall explains the principles of evolution. It was opened in 2007 after a major renovation of parts of the building.

Tristan – Berlin bares teeth[edit]

The Museum für Naturkunde now exhibits one of the best-preserved Tyrannosaurus skeletons worldwide. Of approximately 300 bones, 170 have been preserved, which puts it in the third position among others.[5]

History[edit]

Collection of minerals
A dodo model

Minerals in the museum were originally part of the collection of instructors from the Berlin Mining Academy. The University of Berlin was founded in 1810, and acquired the first of these collections in 1814, under the aegis of the new Museum of Mineralogy. In 1857, the paleontology department was founded, and 1854 a department of petrography and general geology was added.

By 1886 the university was overflowing with collections, so design began on a new building nearby at Invalidenstraße 43, which opened as the Museum für Naturkunde (Natural History Museum) in 1889. The museum was built on the site of a former ironworks and this is reflected in two spectacular cast iron stairwells within the building.

Of particular significance is the contribution of the first director after the move to the new building. In the past the museum simply consisted of the entire collections being open to the public, but Karl Möbius instigated a clear split between a public exhibition space with a few choice specimens, together with explanations of their relevance, and the remainder of the collection held in archives for scientific study.

The collections were damaged by the Allied bombing of Berlin during World War II. The eastern wing was severely damaged, and was rebuilt only in 2011, now housing the alcohol collections (partly publicly accessible).

In 1993, after the shake-up caused by the reunification of Germany, the museum split into the three divisions: The Institutes of Mineralogy, Zoology, and Paleontology. Infighting between the institute directors led to important changes in 2006, which saw the appointment of a Director General and the replacement of the former institutes by a division into Collections, Research and Exhibitions. Since January 1, 2009 the Museum has officially separated from the Humboldt-University and became part of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community as the Museum für Naturkunde – Leibniz Institute for Evolutionary and Biodiversity Research at the Humboldt University, Berlin (German: Museum für Naturkunde – Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin). It is legally set up as a foundation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See page 19: "MB: Berlin Museum für Naturkunde (formerly Humboldt Museum für Naturkunde)" in Kenneth Carpenter, Horns and Beaks: Ceratopsian and Ornithopod Dinosaurs, Indiana University Press, 384 pages, 2006, ISBN 978-0-253-34817-3
  2. ^ Gregory S. Paul formally moved the Brachiosaurus brancai species to a new subgenus (Giraffatitan) in 1988, and George Olshevsky promoted the new taxa to genus in 1991. Although the change has been generally accepted among scientists, as of 2015 the museum's labels still use the old genus name.
  3. ^ Süddeutsche Zeitung Online Wissenschaft im Paradies - Schöner forschen, accessed 9.9.2011
  4. ^ MFN entry in the database University museums and collections in Germany of the Hermann von Helmholtz-Zentrums für Kulturtechnik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Archived 2011-09-03 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 9.9.2011
  5. ^ Tristan exhibition Tristan – Berlin bares teeth, accessed 4.2.2017

Further reading[edit]

  • Olshevsky, G. (1991). "A Revision of the Parainfraclass Archosauria Cope, 1869, Excluding the Advanced Crocodylia". Mesozoic Meanderings #2. 1 (4): 196 pp. 
  • Paul, G. S. (1988). "The brachiosaur giants of the Morrison and Tendaguru with a description of a new subgenus, Giraffatitan, and a comparison of the world's largest dinosaurs". Hunteria. 2 (3): 1–14. 
  • Maier, Gerhard. African dinosaurs unearthed: the Tendaguru expeditions. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2003. (Life of the Past Series).
  • Damaschun, F., Böhme, G. & H. Landsberg, 2000. Naturkundliche Museen der Berliner Universität – Museum für Naturkunde: 190 Jahre Sammeln und Forschen. 86-106.— In: H. Bredekamp, J. Brüning & C. Weber (eds.). Theater der Natur und Kunst Theatrum Naturae et Artis. Essays Wunderkammern des Wissens, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin & Henschel Verlag. 1-280. Berlin.

External links[edit]

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