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Types of Muzzleloaders
Types of Muzzleloaders
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How to Safely and Properly Load a Muzzleloader
How to Safely and Properly Load a Muzzleloader
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CVA Optima V2 Muzzleloader Instruction Video
CVA Optima V2 Muzzleloader Instruction Video
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THOMPSON CENTER TRIUMPH BONE COLLECTOR 50 CAL MUZZLE LOADER
THOMPSON CENTER TRIUMPH BONE COLLECTOR 50 CAL MUZZLE LOADER
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Remington 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
Remington 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
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Muzzleloader Elk Hunt
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Traditions Deerhunter Muzzleloader Kit Review
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PowerBelt™ Bullet Reviews - The Best Muzzleloader Bullets
PowerBelt™ Bullet Reviews - The Best Muzzleloader Bullets
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Dangerous Muzzleloading Practices
Dangerous Muzzleloading Practices
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Lyman Trade Rifle Percussion Muzzleloader Caplock
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Muzzleloader Accuracy Using Aluminum Foil  - Barrel Size -
Muzzleloader Accuracy Using Aluminum Foil - Barrel Size -
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Flintlock Muzzleloader Hunting Deer Kill 2012 Pa
Flintlock Muzzleloader Hunting Deer Kill 2012 Pa
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Muzzleloader Cleaning And Loading Tip
Muzzleloader Cleaning And Loading Tip
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Muzzleloader Tips
Muzzleloader Tips
::2013/08/23::
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Shooting the Remington Model 700 "Ultimate Muzzleloader" 50 Caliber Rifle - Gunblast.com
Shooting the Remington Model 700 "Ultimate Muzzleloader" 50 Caliber Rifle - Gunblast.com
::2014/09/25::
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The Aerolite .50 Cal Muzzleloader Bullet Ballistic Test by The World Hunting Club
The Aerolite .50 Cal Muzzleloader Bullet Ballistic Test by The World Hunting Club
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Gun of the Week: Remington Model 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
Gun of the Week: Remington Model 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
::2014/08/05::
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First time loading and shooting a flintlock muzzleloading rifle
First time loading and shooting a flintlock muzzleloading rifle
::2013/09/10::
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Muzzleloader barrel rifling bench.
Muzzleloader barrel rifling bench.
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Muzzleloader Craftsman
Muzzleloader Craftsman
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LIVESTREAM-REPLAY .50 Inline Muzzleloader - The Hunter 2014 - 07/29/2014 - ENG
LIVESTREAM-REPLAY .50 Inline Muzzleloader - The Hunter 2014 - 07/29/2014 - ENG
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Deer Hunting Indiana: Big Buck Killed With A Muzzleloader!
Deer Hunting Indiana: Big Buck Killed With A Muzzleloader!
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Muzzleloader Mule Deer Hunt on the Henry Mountains - W.D. Martin - MossBack
Muzzleloader Mule Deer Hunt on the Henry Mountains - W.D. Martin - MossBack
::2013/09/03::
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CVA Wolf Muzzleloader Instruction Video
CVA Wolf Muzzleloader Instruction Video
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11 Year Old Girl Drops A Big Bull Elk With Her Muzzleloader
11 Year Old Girl Drops A Big Bull Elk With Her Muzzleloader
::2012/10/12::
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Roe deer hunting with muzzleloader rifle
Roe deer hunting with muzzleloader rifle
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Cold Bore Shot with The Gunwerks Muzzleloader
Cold Bore Shot with The Gunwerks Muzzleloader
::2012/05/16::
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The Hunter:.50 Inline Muzzleloader
The Hunter:.50 Inline Muzzleloader
::2014/07/29::
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Muzzle Loader Cleaning and Preparation
Muzzle Loader Cleaning and Preparation
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More with Remington
More with Remington's Model 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
::2014/07/29::
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LHR Redemption Muzzle Loader Overview and Range Test
LHR Redemption Muzzle Loader Overview and Range Test
::2013/10/26::
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Shooting the TC Omega z5.50 caliber muzzleloader
Shooting the TC Omega z5.50 caliber muzzleloader
::2012/09/18::
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Testing the Hankins custom Smokeless Powder Muzzleloader Round 2
Testing the Hankins custom Smokeless Powder Muzzleloader Round 2
::2014/02/22::
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Hornady™ SST Muzzleloader Sabot Bullet Review
Hornady™ SST Muzzleloader Sabot Bullet Review
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Civil War Enfield (Caplock)
Civil War Enfield (Caplock)
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Flintlock Muzzleloader Deer Hunting -2013- Smoker
Flintlock Muzzleloader Deer Hunting -2013- Smoker
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Cody
Cody's 2013 Dutton Muzzleloader Elk Hunt
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shooting my 50 cal hawken muzzleloader
shooting my 50 cal hawken muzzleloader
::2014/04/27::
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Thompson Center Impact Muzzleloader First Shots
Thompson Center Impact Muzzleloader First Shots
::2014/03/30::
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Groundhog Hunting with Muzzleloader, Bow & Rifle 2012
Groundhog Hunting with Muzzleloader, Bow & Rifle 2012
::2012/08/27::
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41
Cleaning your new INLINE Muzzle loader
Cleaning your new INLINE Muzzle loader
::2014/02/07::
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400 Class Bull Elk with a Muzzleloader | Teaser
400 Class Bull Elk with a Muzzleloader | Teaser
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43
715 Yard Muzzleloader Antelope Kill Shot - Long Range Hunting
715 Yard Muzzleloader Antelope Kill Shot - Long Range Hunting
::2012/05/16::
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500 Yard Muzzleloader Shot
500 Yard Muzzleloader Shot
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Muzzleloader Flintlock Deer Hunting 2013 - 2014 Pennsylvania #1
Muzzleloader Flintlock Deer Hunting 2013 - 2014 Pennsylvania #1
::2014/01/12::
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46
Knight Rifles - Mountaineer Muzzleloader - 100% American Made
Knight Rifles - Mountaineer Muzzleloader - 100% American Made
::2013/01/09::
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47
1,500 yard attempts, open sights, Black Powder Muzzleloader .451 Parker Hale Whitworth rifle
1,500 yard attempts, open sights, Black Powder Muzzleloader .451 Parker Hale Whitworth rifle
::2013/08/15::
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48
2014 Ultimate Muzzleloader Challenge
2014 Ultimate Muzzleloader Challenge
::2014/01/05::
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49
Sabot Changes Remington 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
Sabot Changes Remington 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
::2014/09/08::
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50
Giant Iowa Whitetail with a Muzzleloader
Giant Iowa Whitetail with a Muzzleloader
::2012/02/03::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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18th-century flintlock pistol with powder flask and bag of balls

A muzzleloader is any firearm into which the projectile and usually the propellant charge is loaded from the muzzle of the gun (i.e., from the forward, open end of the gun's barrel). This is distinct from the more popular modern (higher tech and harder to make) designs of breech-loading firearms. The term "muzzleloader" may also apply to the marksman who specializes in the shooting of muzzleloading firearms. The term of art includes rifled muzzleloaders and smoothbore muzzleloaders. The firing methods, paraphernalia and mechanism further divide both categories as do caliber (from cannons to small-caliber palm guns).

Modern muzzleloading firearms range from reproductions of sidelock, flintlock and percussion long guns, to in-line rifles that use modern inventions such as a closed breech, sealed primer and fast rifling to allow for considerable accuracy at long ranges.

Modern mortars use a shell with the propelling charge and primer attached at the base. Unlike older muzzleloading mortars, which were loaded the same way as muzzleloading cannon, the modern mortar is fired by dropping the shell down the barrel where a pin fires the primer, igniting the main propelling charge. Both the modern mortar and the older mortar were used for high angle fire. However, the fact that the mortar is not loaded in separate steps may make its definition as a muzzleloader a matter of opinion.

Muzzleloading can apply to anything from cannons to pistols but in modern parlance the term most commonly applies to black powder small arms similar in the main to the weapons used. It usually, but not always, involves the use of a loose propellant (i.e., gunpowder) and projectile, as well as a separate method of ignition or priming.

Loading[edit]

Loaded muzzleloading cannon. (1) Priming charge (2) Main propellant charge (3) Wadding (4) Projectile (5) Wadding

In general, the sequence of loading is to put in first gunpowder, by pouring in a measured amount of loose powder, historically mostly by using a powder flask (or powder horn), or by inserting a pre-measured bag or paper packet of gunpowder (called a cartridge) or by inserting solid propellant pellets. The gunpowder used is typically black powder or black powder substitutes like Pyrodex. Typically two types of gunpowder (and two flasks) were needed, as the priming powder for the pan was finer than the coarse powder used for the main charge behind the ball.

Wadding, is made from felt, paper, cloth or card and has several different uses. In shotguns, a card wad or other secure wadding is used between the powder and the shot charge to prevent pellets from dropping into the powder charge and on top of the shot charge to hold it in place in the barrel. In smooth bore muskets and most rifles used prior to cartridges being introduced in the mid-to late nineteenth century, wadding was used primarily to hold the powder in place.

On most naval cannons, one piece of wadding was used to hold the powder in place and served the purpose of creating a better seal around the shot. Another was used to act as a plug to stop the shot rolling out because of the swaying of the ship.

The use of cartridges with both gunpowder charge and ball, made up in batches by the shooter or a servant, was known from very early on, but until roughly around 1800 loading using a powder flask and a bag of balls was more common. The measuring stage for the barrel charge of gunpowder could be avoided by carrying a number of pre-measured charges in small containers of wood, metal or cloth, often carried on a bandolier. These were known by various names, including "chargers" or "apostles" as 12 were often carried. For most of the time muzzleloaders were in use, a round ball and pre-measured powder charge could be carried in a paper or cloth wrapping. The shooter would bite off the end of the paper cartridge with his teeth and pour the powder into the barrel followed by the ball encased in the paper wrapping.

The projectiles and wads were then pushed down into the breech with a ramrod until they were firmly seated on the propellant charge. Priming powder was usually carried in a separate priming flask and poured into the priming pan and the lock was pushed down to hold the priming powder in place. After the gunpowder and projectile or shot charge were placed in the barrel a ramrod was used to firmly pack everything down at the base of the barrel. Then either a priming charge was placed in the priming pan, or a percussion cap was placed on the nipple, the firing mechanism initiated; in a flintlock the hammer was then cocked to make the firearm ready to fire.

Projectile types and history[edit]

Muzzleloading firearms generally use round balls, cylindrical conical projectiles, and shot charges.

In some types of rifles firing round ball, a lubricated patch (see Kentucky rifle) of fabric is wrapped around a ball which is slightly smaller than the barrel diameter. In other types of round ball firing rifles, a ramrod and hammer is used to force the round ball down through the rifling. When fired, either the lead ball or the wrapping grips the rifling and imparts spin to the ball which usually gives improved accuracy. In rifles firing Minié balls, the patch, often the paper wrapping from the cartridge, is used as an initial seal and to hold powder in place during loading.

The Minié ball replaced the round ball in most firearms, especially military, in the 1830s and 1840s[citation needed]. It has a hollow base which expands to grip the rifling. The combination of the spinning Minié ball and the consistent velocity provided by the improved seal gave far better accuracy than the smoothbore muzzleloaders that it replaced.

Modern usage[edit]

When aiming for great accuracy, muzzle-loaders are usually cleaned ("swabbed") before reloading, so that there is no residue left in the barrel to reduce accuracy, though in competitions run by the international governing body, the MLAIC, this is prohibited for military rifle and musket events. However, in small arms muzzleloading rifles, swabbing is only done after every 5-10 shots. Large caliber muzzle-loaders such as cannons are always swabbed between shots to prevent accidents caused by live sparks igniting the fresh charge of powder as it is being loaded.

Muzzleloading[edit]

Varsity Scouts of the Boy Scouts of America learning about muzzleloading rifles

Muzzleloading is the sport, or pastime of firing muzzleloading guns. Muzzleloading guns, both antique and reproduction, are used for target shooting, hunting, historical re-enactment and historical research. The sport originated in the United States in the 1930s, just as the last original users and makers of muzzleloading arms were dying out. The sport received a tremendous boost in the 1960s and 1970s. The Muzzle Loaders Associations International Committee (www.MLAIC.org) was formed in 1970 and held its first World Championship in 1971. Since then a flourishing industry manufacturing working reproductions of historic firearms now exists in the United States and Europe, particularly in northern Italy near Gardone.

The American National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association holds two national tournaments a year in Friendship, Indiana as well as the Western National Shoot Event held in Phoenix, Ariz..

The Muzzle Loaders Associations International Committee (MLAIC) governs international competition with muzzle-loading arms. The MLAIC holds a World Championship in even-numbered years.

Modern use[edit]

Driven by demand for muzzleloaders for special extended primitive hunting seasons, firearms manufacturers have developed in-line muzzleloading rifles with designs similar to modern breech-loading centerfire designs. Knight Rifles pioneered the in-line muzzleloader in the mid-1980s.[1] Savage Arms has created the 10ML-II, which can be used with smokeless powder, reducing the cleaning required.[2]

See also[edit]

Muzzle-loading gun on its carriage

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jim Braaten (3 June 2009), "Knight Muzzleloading Rifles looks to close production", Minneapolis Star Tribune, archived from the original on 2 August 2011 
  2. ^ "Hunting drives today's blackpowder market". Shooting Industry. May 2004. 

External links[edit]

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