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How to Safely and Properly Load a Muzzleloader
How to Safely and Properly Load a Muzzleloader
Published: 2009/10/21
Channel: Lane Fuller
Types of Muzzleloaders
Types of Muzzleloaders
Published: 2010/05/17
Channel: MuzzleloadingBasics
Smokeless Powder in a Muzzleloader?
Smokeless Powder in a Muzzleloader?
Published: 2015/10/14
Channel: Iraqveteran8888
How to Load and Shoot your CVA Muzzleloader 2012 Version
How to Load and Shoot your CVA Muzzleloader 2012 Version
Published: 2012/05/08
Channel: CVA Muzzleloaders
Traditional Longrifle Flintlock Muzzleloader Deer Hunting - 2017
Traditional Longrifle Flintlock Muzzleloader Deer Hunting - 2017
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: Leatherwood Outdoors
MUZZLELOADER MULE DEER HUNT
MUZZLELOADER MULE DEER HUNT
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Hushin
Loading and Firing a Muzzleloader
Loading and Firing a Muzzleloader
Published: 2013/04/10
Channel: Nverinder716
Remington 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
Remington 700 Ultimate Muzzleloader
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: ScoutLookweather
Traditions Deerhunter Muzzleloader Kit Review
Traditions Deerhunter Muzzleloader Kit Review
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: B Ryno
CVA Optima V2 Muzzleloader
CVA Optima V2 Muzzleloader
Published: 2013/05/31
Channel: sportsmansnewstv
Tactical Reload, "The Muzzle Loader"
Tactical Reload, "The Muzzle Loader"
Published: 2014/06/19
Channel: DemolitionRanch
CVA  .45 Caliber Black Powder Percussion Muzzle Loader
CVA .45 Caliber Black Powder Percussion Muzzle Loader
Published: 2010/03/15
Channel: Iraqveteran8888
CVA Hawken 12g Shotgun muzzle loader
CVA Hawken 12g Shotgun muzzle loader
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Jonathan Koziol
#1 Muzzleloader Accident
#1 Muzzleloader Accident
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: popojoeexplode
Flintlock Muzzleloader Hunting Deer Kill 2012 Pa
Flintlock Muzzleloader Hunting Deer Kill 2012 Pa
Published: 2012/10/19
Channel: Leatherwood Outdoors
Traditions Mountain Rifle - Review - Hawken Style Sidelock Muzzleloader
Traditions Mountain Rifle - Review - Hawken Style Sidelock Muzzleloader
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: GunsAmerica
New: Federal Trophy Copper Muzzleloading Bullet (2014)
New: Federal Trophy Copper Muzzleloading Bullet (2014)
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: ScoutLookweather
Thompson Center Arms Triumph Bone Collector Muzzleloader
Thompson Center Arms Triumph Bone Collector Muzzleloader
Published: 2014/08/01
Channel: Gun Talk Media
Top 5 Reasons to use a Muzzleloader
Top 5 Reasons to use a Muzzleloader
Published: 2013/09/27
Channel: WorldHuntingClub
CVA Wolf 50 cal muzzle loader/how to load
CVA Wolf 50 cal muzzle loader/how to load
Published: 2012/04/29
Channel: DavidDNeel
Muzzleloader Tips
Muzzleloader Tips
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: Mike Reed Outdoors
Homemade .50 cal muzzleloader
Homemade .50 cal muzzleloader
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: Urban Airgunners
The Worlds Most Powerful Muzzleloader
The Worlds Most Powerful Muzzleloader
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Jeff Hankins
Giant Iowa Whitetail with a Muzzleloader
Giant Iowa Whitetail with a Muzzleloader
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: OKayeProductions
CVA Accura V2 Muzzleloader Review
CVA Accura V2 Muzzleloader Review
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: RealtreeOutdoors
CVA Wolf Muzzleloader Instruction Video
CVA Wolf Muzzleloader Instruction Video
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: CVAmuzzleloader
HUNTIN IN THE HAY Muzzleloader
HUNTIN IN THE HAY Muzzleloader
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: BigDaddyCAdventures
CEO Explains How NOT to Load CVA Muzzleloaders
CEO Explains How NOT to Load CVA Muzzleloaders
Published: 2015/08/24
Channel: CVAmuzzleloader
Backcountry Colorado Muzzleloader Deer Hunt - "Misfire"
Backcountry Colorado Muzzleloader Deer Hunt - "Misfire"
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: Justin Finch
Traditions Firearms Video Series - How to Clean Your Traditions Break Action Muzzleloader
Traditions Firearms Video Series - How to Clean Your Traditions Break Action Muzzleloader
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: TraditionsFirearms
CVA/Burris Eliminator vs TC/Nikon BDC 50cal. Muzzleloader
CVA/Burris Eliminator vs TC/Nikon BDC 50cal. Muzzleloader
Published: 2014/12/28
Channel: deermeatfordinner
2016/17 PA Flintlock Muzzleloader Opening Day Hunt W/ Kill Shot
2016/17 PA Flintlock Muzzleloader Opening Day Hunt W/ Kill Shot
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Lively Legz/Living4theoutdoors
Montana Muzzleloader Posse
Montana Muzzleloader Posse
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Denny Ducet
Ohio Whitetail hunt, muzzleloader. Cool ending, Buck flips over dead doe.
Ohio Whitetail hunt, muzzleloader. Cool ending, Buck flips over dead doe.
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: CountryPredators
Shooting the Remington Model 700 "Ultimate Muzzleloader" 50 Caliber Rifle - Gunblast.com
Shooting the Remington Model 700 "Ultimate Muzzleloader" 50 Caliber Rifle - Gunblast.com
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: Gunblastdotcom
Girl shows you HOW to LOAD and SHOOT CVA OPTIMA MUZZLELOADER! GIRLS first time;)
Girl shows you HOW to LOAD and SHOOT CVA OPTIMA MUZZLELOADER! GIRLS first time;)
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: BabeeBlueOnTheTown
Cleaning your new INLINE Muzzle loader
Cleaning your new INLINE Muzzle loader
Published: 2014/02/07
Channel: Jonathan Koziol
Knight TK 2000 Muzzleloader Shotgun Review - Perfect For Turkey Hunting!
Knight TK 2000 Muzzleloader Shotgun Review - Perfect For Turkey Hunting!
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: Smoky Mountain Gear Review
Cold Bore Shot with The Gunwerks Muzzleloader
Cold Bore Shot with The Gunwerks Muzzleloader
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Gunwerks
PowerBelt™ Bullet Reviews - The Best Muzzleloader Bullets
PowerBelt™ Bullet Reviews - The Best Muzzleloader Bullets
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: Gemmer & Clemens
How to load and shoot your CVA muzzleloader 2016 update
How to load and shoot your CVA muzzleloader 2016 update
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: CVAmuzzleloader
CVA muzzleloader load stuck in barrel
CVA muzzleloader load stuck in barrel
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: 116falconer
Flintlock Muzzleloader Deer Hunting 2015
Flintlock Muzzleloader Deer Hunting 2015
Published: 2015/01/16
Channel: Leatherwood Outdoors
How I clean my muzzle loader.wmv
How I clean my muzzle loader.wmv
Published: 2011/11/11
Channel: Buckrun11
CVA Optima V2 Muzzleloader  review
CVA Optima V2 Muzzleloader review
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: Mark Santini
715 Yard Muzzleloader Antelope Kill Shot - Long Range Hunting
715 Yard Muzzleloader Antelope Kill Shot - Long Range Hunting
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Gunwerks
CVA Accura Muzzleloader Rifle Series - 2016 Commercial
CVA Accura Muzzleloader Rifle Series - 2016 Commercial
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: CVAmuzzleloader
2016 Muzzleloader Opening Day TN
2016 Muzzleloader Opening Day TN
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Catman Outdoors
Muzzleloader Bull Elk Hunt 381" - Nate Young - MossBack
Muzzleloader Bull Elk Hunt 381" - Nate Young - MossBack
Published: 2014/07/23
Channel: The Legend Channel
CVA Greatest Hits Wild Hog Hunting with a CVA Muzzleloader
CVA Greatest Hits Wild Hog Hunting with a CVA Muzzleloader
Published: 2012/03/28
Channel: CVA Muzzleloaders
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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18th-century flintlock pistol with powder flask and bag of balls

A muzzleloader is any firearm into which the projectile and usually the propellant charge is loaded from the muzzle of the gun (i.e., from the forward, open end of the gun's barrel). This is distinct from the more popular modern (higher tech and harder to make) designs of breech-loading firearms. The term "muzzleloader" applies to both rifled and smoothbore type muzzleloaders, and may also refer to the marksman who specializes in the shooting of such firearms. The firing methods, paraphernalia and mechanism further divide both categories as do caliber (from cannons to small-caliber palm guns).

Modern muzzleloading firearms range from reproductions of sidelock, flintlock and percussion long guns, to in-line rifles that use modern inventions such as a closed breech, sealed primer and fast rifling to allow for considerable accuracy at long ranges.

Modern mortars use a shell with the propelling charge and primer attached at the base. Unlike older muzzleloading mortars, which were loaded the same way as muzzleloading cannon, the modern mortar is fired by dropping the shell down the barrel where a pin fires the primer, igniting the main propelling charge. Both the modern mortar and the older mortar were used for high angle fire. However, the fact that the mortar is not loaded in separate steps may make its definition as a muzzleloader a matter of opinion.

Muzzleloading can apply to anything from cannons to pistols but in modern parlance the term most commonly applies to black powder small arms. It usually, but not always, involves the use of a loose propellant (i.e., gunpowder) and projectile, as well as a separate method of ignition or priming.

Loading[edit]

Loaded muzzleloading cannon. (1) Priming charge (2) Main propellant charge (3) Wadding (4) Projectile (5) Wadding
Wadding recovered from the wreck of the Hanover and was found inside a loaded cannon, National Maritime Museum Cornwall (2014)

In general, the sequence of loading is to put in first gunpowder, by pouring in a measured amount of loose powder, historically mostly by using a powder flask (or powder horn), or by inserting a pre-measured bag or paper packet of gunpowder (called a cartridge) or by inserting solid propellant pellets. The gunpowder used is typically black powder or black powder substitutes like Pyrodex. Typically two types of gunpowder (and two flasks) were needed, as the priming powder for the pan was finer than the coarse powder used for the main charge behind the ball.

Wadding, is made from felt, paper, cloth or card and has several different uses. In shotguns, a card wad or other secure wadding is used between the powder and the shot charge to prevent pellets from dropping into the powder charge and on top of the shot charge to hold it in place in the barrel. In smooth bore muskets and most rifles used prior to cartridges being introduced in the mid-to late nineteenth century, wadding was used primarily to hold the powder in place.

On most naval cannons, one piece of wadding was used to hold the powder in place and served the purpose of creating a better seal around the shot. Another was used to act as a plug to stop the shot rolling out because of the swaying of the ship.

The use of cartridges with both gunpowder charge and ball, made up in batches by the shooter or a servant, was known from very early on, but until roughly around 1800 loading using a powder flask and a bag of balls was more common. The measuring stage for the barrel charge of gunpowder could be avoided by carrying a number of pre-measured charges in small containers of wood, metal or cloth, often carried on a bandolier. These were known by various names, including "chargers" or "apostles" as 12 were often carried. For most of the time muzzleloaders were in use, a round ball and pre-measured powder charge could be carried in a paper or cloth wrapping. The shooter would bite off the end of the paper cartridge with his teeth and pour the powder into the barrel followed by the ball encased in the paper wrapping.

The projectiles and wads were then pushed down into the breech with a ramrod until they were firmly seated on the propellant charge. Priming powder was usually carried in a separate priming flask and poured into the priming pan and the lock was pushed down to hold the priming powder in place. After the gunpowder and projectile or shot charge were placed in the barrel a ramrod was used to firmly pack everything down at the base of the barrel. Then either a priming charge was placed in the priming pan, or a percussion cap was placed on the nipple, the firing mechanism initiated; in a flintlock the hammer was then cocked to make the firearm ready to fire.

Projectile types and history[edit]

A pair of French rifled, flintlock, duelling pistols by Nicolas Noël Boutet 1794-1797. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada. The set of accessories includes a small hammer as rifled pistols used slightly oversized bullets; a hammer was needed to drive the bullet down the barrel when loading.[1]

Muzzleloading firearms generally use round balls, cylindrical conical projectiles, and shot charges.

In some types of rifles firing round ball, a lubricated patch (see Kentucky rifle) of fabric is wrapped around a ball which is slightly smaller than the barrel diameter. In other types of round ball firing rifles, a ramrod and hammer is used to force the round ball down through the rifling. When fired, either the lead ball or the wrapping grips the rifling and imparts spin to the ball which usually gives improved accuracy. In rifles firing Minié balls, the patch, often the paper wrapping from the cartridge, is used as an initial seal and to hold powder in place during loading.

The Minié ball replaced the round ball in most firearms, especially military, in the 1830s and 1840s[citation needed]. It has a hollow base which expands to grip the rifling. The combination of the spinning Minié ball and the consistent velocity provided by the improved seal gave far better accuracy than the smoothbore muzzleloaders that it replaced.

Modern usage[edit]

When aiming for great accuracy, muzzle-loaders are usually cleaned ("swabbed") before reloading, so that there is no residue left in the barrel to reduce accuracy, though in competitions run by the international governing body, the MLAIC, this is prohibited for military rifle and musket events. However, in small arms muzzleloading rifles, swabbing is only done after every 5-10 shots. Large caliber muzzle-loaders such as cannons are always swabbed between shots to prevent accidents caused by live sparks igniting the fresh charge of powder as it is being loaded.

Muzzleloading[edit]

Varsity Scouts of the Boy Scouts of America learning about muzzleloading rifles

Muzzleloading is the sport, or pastime of firing muzzleloading guns. Muzzleloading guns, both antique and reproduction, are used for target shooting, hunting, historical re-enactment and historical research. The sport originated in the United States in the 1930s, just as the last original users and makers of muzzleloading arms were dying out. The sport received a tremendous boost in the 1960s and 1970s. The Muzzle Loaders Associations International Committee (www.MLAIC.org) was formed in 1970 and held its first World Championship in 1971. Since then a flourishing industry manufacturing working reproductions of historic firearms now exists in the United States and Europe, particularly in northern Italy near Gardone.

The American National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association holds two national tournaments a year in Friendship, Indiana as well as the Western National Shoot Event held in Phoenix, Ariz..

The Muzzle Loaders Associations International Committee (MLAIC) governs international competition with muzzle-loading arms. The MLAIC holds a Short Range World Championship in even-numbered years and a Long Range World Championship (300 to 1000 yards) on odd numbered years (South Africa has won the last 5 Long Range World Championships).

Modern use[edit]

Driven by demand for muzzleloaders for special extended primitive hunting seasons, firearms manufacturers have developed in-line muzzleloading rifles with designs similar to modern breech-loading centerfire designs. Knight Rifles pioneered the in-line muzzleloader in the mid-1980s, manufacturing and selling them to this day.[2] Savage Arms has created the 10ML-II, which can be used with smokeless powder, reducing the cleaning required.[3]

See also[edit]

Muzzle-loading gun on its carriage

Related to muzzle-loading small arms[edit]

Related to muzzle-loading artillery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jeff Kinard (2003). Pistols: An Illustrated History of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-1-85109-470-7. 
  2. ^ Jim Braaten (3 June 2009), "Knight Muzzleloading Rifles looks to close production", Minneapolis Star Tribune, archived from the original on 2 August 2011 
  3. ^ "Hunting drives today's blackpowder market". Shooting Industry. May 2004. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. 

External links[edit]

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