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Getting A Bitcoin Wallet - Mycelium
Getting A Bitcoin Wallet - Mycelium
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: BTC Sessions
6 ways mushrooms can save the world | Paul Stamets
6 ways mushrooms can save the world | Paul Stamets
Published: 2008/05/08
Channel: TED
Mycelium bricks
Mycelium bricks
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Nathan Finkel
The Power of Fungi, Mushrooms, and Mycelium
The Power of Fungi, Mushrooms, and Mycelium
Published: 2012/03/24
Channel: EmergingAwareness
Mycelium Time Lapse
Mycelium Time Lapse
Published: 2016/04/10
Channel: Hodgepodge
Mycelium on Grain Explained: What
Mycelium on Grain Explained: What's the difference between mushroom, mycelium and mycelium on grain?
Published: 2016/02/17
Channel: Nammex: Organic Mushroom Extracts
Manejo de monedero Mycelium y copia de seguridad
Manejo de monedero Mycelium y copia de seguridad
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Fercho Zuluaga
Starting Mycelium at home
Starting Mycelium at home
Published: 2010/10/11
Channel: SocietyofEnoch
Mycelium of Psilocybe Azurescens....  Spread the seed?
Mycelium of Psilocybe Azurescens.... Spread the seed?
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: carpo719
MyCelium Bitcoin Wallet Setup
MyCelium Bitcoin Wallet Setup
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: tobitcoin atm
Mycelium Cultivation at Home - How to Pt 1
Mycelium Cultivation at Home - How to Pt 1
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: The Desert Homesteader
OYSTER MUSHROOM GROWING.  Mycelium On Grain - Low Tech
OYSTER MUSHROOM GROWING. Mycelium On Grain - Low Tech
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Vegan Mark
THE MINECRAFT WAR of GRASS & MYCELIUM!
THE MINECRAFT WAR of GRASS & MYCELIUM!
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: AntVenom
Mycelium HD Wallet (Android)
Mycelium HD Wallet (Android)
Published: 2014/10/12
Channel: Wekkel Ekkel
Fungi time lapse videos: mould, mycelium and bioluminescence.
Fungi time lapse videos: mould, mycelium and bioluminescence.
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: amazingfungi
Difference Between Hyphae and Mycelium
Difference Between Hyphae and Mycelium
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: Difference Between
Mycelium
Mycelium
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: ESMA Movies
2009-05-29 - Psilocybe Cubensis - Golden Teacher Mycelium [2nd project]
2009-05-29 - Psilocybe Cubensis - Golden Teacher Mycelium [2nd project]
Published: 2011/01/18
Channel: Sonny On Shrooms
Paul Stamets - The Future is Fungi [how to save the planet]
Paul Stamets - The Future is Fungi [how to save the planet]
Published: 2013/08/07
Channel: NotPercy203
Permaculture Basics: Mycelium
Permaculture Basics: Mycelium
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Randall Fountain
Pleurotus mycelium vs Trichoderma (Timelapse)
Pleurotus mycelium vs Trichoderma (Timelapse)
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: G' Channel
Fruiting Oyster Mushroom Mycelium
Fruiting Oyster Mushroom Mycelium
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: UW Ecology Lab
Cold Storage Spending with the Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet
Cold Storage Spending with the Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet
Published: 2013/07/19
Channel: Jan Møller
Soil Food Web (Mycelium)
Soil Food Web (Mycelium)
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: Medically Fit
Mycelium (Bacteria and Fungi)
Mycelium (Bacteria and Fungi)
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: Medically Fit
Mycelium 2016 / Bitcoin Wallet & Debit Card
Mycelium 2016 / Bitcoin Wallet & Debit Card
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: APPHUSTLE - TV
Paul Stamets - Mycelium Running 1of5
Paul Stamets - Mycelium Running 1of5
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: TheHallOfRecords
Tutorial instalación, creación  y manejo de la billetera/wallet MYCELIUM
Tutorial instalación, creación y manejo de la billetera/wallet MYCELIUM
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Andrés Gómez
Mycelium - Billetera Bitcoins
Mycelium - Billetera Bitcoins
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Luis Jose Villarreal Rincon
Mycelium 2 week Time Lapse
Mycelium 2 week Time Lapse
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: Fabio Silva
Mycelium-Growing Architecture. IAAC-2013.
Mycelium-Growing Architecture. IAAC-2013.
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: Sebastian Alvarado
Jackpot! Hyphae, Mycelium & Mushrooms Fungi | Thank You Woodchips!
Jackpot! Hyphae, Mycelium & Mushrooms Fungi | Thank You Woodchips!
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: Plant Abundance
Instalar y configurar Wallet Mycelium
Instalar y configurar Wallet Mycelium
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: Tiempo Superior
MYCELIUM BLOCKCHAIN FOR FAIR MUSIC - Imogen Heap on London Real
MYCELIUM BLOCKCHAIN FOR FAIR MUSIC - Imogen Heap on London Real
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: London Real
How to Setup Mycelium Bitcoin Android Wallet To Store Bitcoins
How to Setup Mycelium Bitcoin Android Wallet To Store Bitcoins
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: CoinSutra
Mycelium con Coinapult USD (español)
Mycelium con Coinapult USD (español)
Published: 2015/09/25
Channel: Coinapult
TREZOR with Android
TREZOR with Android
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: Jonathan James Harrison
Growing oyster mushroom mycelium at home cheap and easy - a great experiment
Growing oyster mushroom mycelium at home cheap and easy - a great experiment
Published: 2012/02/09
Channel: SocietyofEnoch
Mycelium growth simulation
Mycelium growth simulation
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: cierpliwość-zasadzka
Ledger Unplugged.   Mycelium integration
Ledger Unplugged. Mycelium integration
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: Ledger Wallet
Evelton Matos Bitcoin Mycelium Transferir Bitcoin
Evelton Matos Bitcoin Mycelium Transferir Bitcoin
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Negocios Internet
Como crear mi cuenta Mycelium
Como crear mi cuenta Mycelium
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Alejandro Serrano
MYCELIUM // Growth : timelapse
MYCELIUM // Growth : timelapse
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Montakan Manosong
Mycelia in Wonderland
Mycelia in Wonderland
Published: 2014/04/16
Channel: Jan Møller
Como crear un Monedero de Bitcoin en Mycelium
Como crear un Monedero de Bitcoin en Mycelium
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: roman parra
Como criar uma carteira Bitcoin usando Mycelium pra usar na Walltime
Como criar uma carteira Bitcoin usando Mycelium pra usar na Walltime
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Walltime
Lingzhi Mushroom vs Lingzhi Mycelium
Lingzhi Mushroom vs Lingzhi Mycelium
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Kay Fekete
Mycelium - Hyper Light Drifter OST
Mycelium - Hyper Light Drifter OST
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Corinator
Mycelium Entropy Live Demo
Mycelium Entropy Live Demo
Published: 2014/06/24
Channel: Mycelium
Minecraft Grass VS Mycelium
Minecraft Grass VS Mycelium
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: minecraftbots
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Fungal mycelium
Microscopic view of a mycelium.  This image covers a one-millimeter square.
Another microscopic view of a mycelium.  Numbered ticks are 230 µm apart.
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) growing on coffee grounds
Mycelium as seen under a log

Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus or fungus-like bacterial colony, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. The mass of hyphae is sometimes called shiro, especially within the fairy ring fungi. Fungal colonies composed of mycelium are found in and on soil and many other substrates. A typical single spore germinates into a homokaryotic mycelium, which cannot reproduce sexually; when two compatible homokaryotic mycelia join and form a dikaryotic mycelium, that mycelium may form fruiting bodies such as mushrooms. A mycelium may be minute, forming a colony that is too small to see, or it may be extensive:

Is this the largest organism in the world? This 2,400-acre [970-hectare] site in eastern Oregon had a contiguous growth of mycelium before logging roads cut through it. Estimated at 1,665 football fields in size and 2,200 years old, this one fungus has killed the forest above it several times over, and in so doing has built deeper soil layers that allow the growth of ever-larger stands of trees. Mushroom-forming forest fungi are unique in that their mycelial mats can achieve such massive proportions.

Through the mycelium, a fungus absorbs nutrients from its environment. It does this in a two-stage process. First, the hyphae secrete enzymes onto or into the food source, which break down biological polymers into smaller units such as monomers. These monomers are then absorbed into the mycelium by facilitated diffusion and active transport.

Mycelium is vital in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems for their role in the decomposition of plant material. They contribute to the organic fraction of soil, and their growth releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere (see carbon cycle). Ectomycorrhizal extramatrical mycelium, as well as the mycelium of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase the efficiency of water and nutrient absorption of most plants and confers resistance to some plant pathogens. Mycelium is an important food source for many soil invertebrates.

"Mycelium", like "fungus", can be considered a mass noun, a word that can be either singular or plural. The term "mycelia", though, like "fungi", is often used as the preferred plural form.

Sclerotia are compact or hard masses of mycelium.

Uses[edit]

One of the primary roles of fungi in an ecosystem is to decompose organic compounds. Petroleum products and some pesticides (typical soil contaminants) are organic molecules (i.e., they are built on a carbon structure), and thereby present a potential carbon source for fungi. Hence, fungi have the potential to eradicate such pollutants from their environment unless the chemicals prove toxic to the fungus. This biological degradation is a process known as bioremediation.

Mycelial mats have been suggested (see Paul Stamets) as having potential as biological filters, removing chemicals and microorganisms from soil and water. The use of fungal mycelium to accomplish this has been termed mycofiltration.

Knowledge of the relationship between mycorrhizal fungi and plants suggests new ways to improve crop yields.

When spread on logging roads, mycelium can act as a binder, holding new soil in place and preventing washouts until woody plants can be established.

Since 2007, a company called Ecovative Design has been developing alternatives to polystyrene and plastic packaging by growing mycelium in agricultural waste. The two ingredients are mixed together and placed into a mold for 3–5 days to grow into a durable material. Depending on the strain of mycelium used, they make many different varieties of the material including water absorbent, flame retardant, and dielectric.[2]

Fungi are essential for converting biomass into compost, as they decompose feedstock components such as lignin, which many other composting microorganisms cannot.[3] Turning a backyard compost pile will commonly expose visible networks of mycelia that have formed on the decaying organic material within. Compost is an essential soil amendment and fertilizer for organic farming and gardening. Composting can divert a substantial fraction of municipal solid waste from landfills.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stamets, Paul. Mycelium Running, Ten Speed Press, U.S.A. 2005 (p. 45, caption to figure 60)
  2. ^ Kile, Meredith (September 13, 2013). "How to replace foam and plastic packaging with mushroom experiments". Al Jazeera America. 
  3. ^ "Composting - Compost Microorganisms". Cornell University. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Epstein, Eliot (2011). Industrial Composting: Environmental Engineering and Facilities Management. CRC Press. ISBN 143984531X. 

External links[edit]

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