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1
The Power of Fungi, Mushrooms, and Mycelium
The Power of Fungi, Mushrooms, and Mycelium
::2012/03/24::
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2
Paul Stamets: 6 ways mushrooms can save the world
Paul Stamets: 6 ways mushrooms can save the world
::2008/05/08::
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3
Starting Mycelium at home
Starting Mycelium at home
::2010/10/11::
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4
1.Growing oyster mushroom mycelium at home cheap and easy
1.Growing oyster mushroom mycelium at home cheap and easy
::2012/02/08::
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5
Mushroom Mycelium Feeding on Nematodes
Mushroom Mycelium Feeding on Nematodes
::2010/05/04::
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6
Cold Storage Spending with the Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet
Cold Storage Spending with the Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet
::2013/07/19::
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7
Paul Stamets - Mycelium Running 1of5
Paul Stamets - Mycelium Running 1of5
::2011/04/12::
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8
Transferring mycelium on agar to grain
Transferring mycelium on agar to grain
::2013/04/13::
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9
2009-05-29 - Psilocybe Cubensis - Golden Teacher Mycelium [2nd project]
2009-05-29 - Psilocybe Cubensis - Golden Teacher Mycelium [2nd project]
::2011/01/18::
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10
Minecraft Tutorials Ep. 1 How To Make A Mycelium Farm
Minecraft Tutorials Ep. 1 How To Make A Mycelium Farm
::2014/04/16::
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11
Minecraft Survival - Mycelium Generator! (Ep. 100)
Minecraft Survival - Mycelium Generator! (Ep. 100)
::2012/11/14::
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12
Mycelium Entropy animation
Mycelium Entropy animation
::2014/06/24::
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13
Pleurotus mycelium vs Trichoderma (Timelapse)
Pleurotus mycelium vs Trichoderma (Timelapse)
::2013/12/09::
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14
Mycelium Construct- Echo Of A Singularity
Mycelium Construct- Echo Of A Singularity
::2013/07/20::
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15
In mycelium we trust!
In mycelium we trust!
::2010/10/29::
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16
Mycelium Wallet - New Features & What
Mycelium Wallet - New Features & What's Next
::2014/05/11::
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17
Minecraft Mycelium Farm
Minecraft Mycelium Farm
::2013/02/15::
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18
Minecraft Blocks & Items: Mycelium
Minecraft Blocks & Items: Mycelium
::2013/12/09::
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19
Spawn Point - Mycelium
Spawn Point - Mycelium
::2012/05/03::
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20
Minecraft FTB Agrarian Skies: Mycelium and Grass! (Ep.5)
Minecraft FTB Agrarian Skies: Mycelium and Grass! (Ep.5)
::2014/05/23::
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21
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet: Export Private Key to Paper
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet: Export Private Key to Paper
::2013/06/26::
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22
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet 1.0
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet 1.0
::2013/11/22::
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23
Mycelium Entropy Live Demo
Mycelium Entropy Live Demo
::2014/06/24::
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24
Wilson Effects MYCELIUM Ring Modulator pedal with Kingbee Tele & Mojotone Plexi
Wilson Effects MYCELIUM Ring Modulator pedal with Kingbee Tele & Mojotone Plexi
::2014/05/20::
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25
Minecraft Xbox 360 - Farming On Mycelium (Mycelium Tutorial)
Minecraft Xbox 360 - Farming On Mycelium (Mycelium Tutorial)
::2012/12/20::
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26
How to Make a Simple, Cheap, and Expandable Mycelium Farm in Minecraft
How to Make a Simple, Cheap, and Expandable Mycelium Farm in Minecraft
::2012/07/28::
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27
Mycelia in Wonderland
Mycelia in Wonderland
::2014/04/16::
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28
Grow Morel Mushrooms Mycelium Rice Vs. Sawdust Wood Chips
Grow Morel Mushrooms Mycelium Rice Vs. Sawdust Wood Chips
::2014/02/25::
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29
Mushroom Culture Part 3 (Isolation Of Mycelium)
Mushroom Culture Part 3 (Isolation Of Mycelium)
::2010/11/08::
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30
Minecraft Tutorial How to Spread Mycelium! 1.4.6
Minecraft Tutorial How to Spread Mycelium! 1.4.6
::2012/12/24::
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31
Minecraft: Finding Mycelium Biome + Mooshrooms!
Minecraft: Finding Mycelium Biome + Mooshrooms!
::2013/02/27::
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32
Fruiting Oyster Mushroom Mycelium
Fruiting Oyster Mushroom Mycelium
::2014/03/06::
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33
Minecraft - Sky Factory Part 11 - Mycelium
Minecraft - Sky Factory Part 11 - Mycelium
::2014/03/27::
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34
Mycelium -- Jantarové oči
Mycelium -- Jantarové oči
::2013/06/26::
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35
Mycelium Rising
Mycelium Rising
::2014/05/16::
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36
Does Mycelium Grow Faster Than Grass? [Minecraft Myth Busting 04]
Does Mycelium Grow Faster Than Grass? [Minecraft Myth Busting 04]
::2012/09/07::
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37
From Mycelium
From Mycelium
::2010/05/12::
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38
Standard VS Supa Grow 100% Mycelium Magic Mushrooms Grow Kit
Standard VS Supa Grow 100% Mycelium Magic Mushrooms Grow Kit
::2014/04/24::
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39
Mycelium Local Trader - Demo
Mycelium Local Trader - Demo
::2014/04/16::
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40
Minecraft Tutorial 54 - Mushroom Islands, Mooshrooms & Mycelium
Minecraft Tutorial 54 - Mushroom Islands, Mooshrooms & Mycelium
::2013/08/24::
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41
Mycelium Entropy: Paper Wallet USB
Mycelium Entropy: Paper Wallet USB
::2014/07/10::
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42
The Green Police Investigate Mycelium as a Building Material
The Green Police Investigate Mycelium as a Building Material
::2013/12/11::
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43
Minecraft - How to farm Mycelium in a non-mushroom biome
Minecraft - How to farm Mycelium in a non-mushroom biome
::2013/03/03::
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44
Wilson Effects: MYCELIUM Ring Modulator - Demo
Wilson Effects: MYCELIUM Ring Modulator - Demo
::2014/06/12::
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45
Agrarian Skies a Hardcore Quest - Part 29 - New Platforms & Making Mycelium
Agrarian Skies a Hardcore Quest - Part 29 - New Platforms & Making Mycelium
::2014/05/18::
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46
Kall - Mycelium veins (2014)
Kall - Mycelium veins (2014)
::2014/10/11::
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47
How to Make a Branching Mycelium Bar (Paracord) Bracelet by TIAT
How to Make a Branching Mycelium Bar (Paracord) Bracelet by TIAT
::2013/01/26::
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48
Agrarian Skies - Episode 5: Food Quests! Mycelium! Sound Muffler!
Agrarian Skies - Episode 5: Food Quests! Mycelium! Sound Muffler!
::2014/04/21::
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49
Agar to Grain mycelium transfer
Agar to Grain mycelium transfer
::2012/03/10::
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50
Minecraft - How to build a mushroom farm starting with one mycelium
Minecraft - How to build a mushroom farm starting with one mycelium
::2012/07/19::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Fungal mycelium
Microscopic view of a mycelium.  This image covers a one-millimeter square.
Another microscopic view of a mycelium.  Numbered ticks are 230 µm apart.
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) growing on coffee grounds
Mycelium as seen under a log

Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. The mass of hyphae is sometimes called shiro, especially within the fairy ring fungi. Fungal colonies composed of mycelium are found in and on soil and many other substrates. A typical single spore germinates into a homokaryotic mycelium, which cannot reproduce sexually; when two compatible homokaryotic mycelia join and form a dikaryotic mycelium; that mycelium may form fruiting bodies such as mushrooms. A mycelium may be minute, forming a colony that is too small to see, or it may be extensive:

Is this the largest organism in the world? This 2,400-acre (9.7 km2) site in eastern Oregon had a contiguous growth of mycelium before logging roads cut through it.Estimated at 1,665 football fields in size and 2,200 years old, this one fungus has killed the forest above it several times over, and in so doing has built deeper soil layers that allow the growth of ever-larger stands of trees. Mushroom-forming forest fungi are unique in that their mycelial mats can achieve such massive proportions.

Through the mycelium a fungus absorbs nutrients from its environment. It does this in a two-stage process. First, the hyphae secrete enzymes onto or into the food source, which break down biological polymers into smaller units such as monomers. These monomers are then absorbed into the mycelium by facilitated diffusion and active transport.

Mycelium is vital in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems for their role in the decomposition of plant material. They contribute to the organic fraction of soil, and their growth releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere. Ectomycorrhizal extramatrical mycelium, as well as the mycelium of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase the efficiency of water and nutrient absorption of most plants and confers resistance to some plant pathogens. Mycelium is an important food source for many soil invertebrates.

"Mycelium", like "fungus", can be considered a mass noun, a word that can be either singular or plural. The term "mycelia", though, like "fungi", is often used as the preferred plural form.

Sclerotia are compact or hard masses of mycelium.

Uses[edit]

One of the primary roles of fungi in an ecosystem is to decompose organic compounds. Petroleum products and pesticides, typical soil contaminants, are organic molecules, i.e. they are built on a carbon structure. This means that these substances present a potential carbon source for fungi. Hence, fungi have the potential to remove such pollutants from the soil environment, unless the chemicals prove toxic to the fungus. This biological degradation is a process known as bioremediation.

Mycelial mats have been suggested (see Paul Stamets) as having potential as biological filters, removing chemicals and microorganisms from soil and water. The use of fungal mycelium to accomplish this has been termed mycofiltration.

Knowledge of the relationship between mycorrhizal fungi and plants suggests new ways to improve crop yields.

When spread on logging roads, mycelium can act as a binder, holding new soil in place and preventing washouts until woody plants can be established.

Since 2007, a company called Ecovative Design has been developing alternatives to polystyrene and plastic packaging by growing mycelium in agricultural waste. The two ingredients are mixed together and placed into a mold for 3–5 days to grow into a durable material. Depending on the strain of mycelium used, they make many different varieties of the material including water absorbent, flame retardant, and dielectric.[2]

Fungi are essential for converting biomass into compost, as they decompose feedstock components such as lignin which many other composting microorganisms cannot.[3] Turning a backyard compost pile will commonly expose visible networks of mycelia that have formed on the decaying organic material within. Compost is an essential soil amendment and fertilizer for organic farming and gardening. Composting can divert a substantial fraction of municipal solid waste from landfill.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stamets, Paul. Mycelium Running, Ten Speed Press,U.S.A. 2005 (p. 45, caption to figure 60)
  2. ^ Kile, Meredith (September 13, 2013). "How to replace foam and plastic packaging with mushroom experiments". Al Jazeera America. 
  3. ^ "Composting - Compost Microorganisms". Cornell University. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Epstein, Eliot (2011). Industrial Composting: Environmental Engineering and Facilities Management. CRC Press. ISBN 143984531X. 

External links[edit]

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