1
The Power of Fungi, Mushrooms, and Mycelium
The Power of Fungi, Mushrooms, and Mycelium
DATE: 2012/03/24::
2
Paul Stamets: 6 ways mushrooms can save the world
Paul Stamets: 6 ways mushrooms can save the world
DATE: 2008/05/08::
3
Growing oyster mushroom mycelium at home cheap and easy - a great experiment
Growing oyster mushroom mycelium at home cheap and easy - a great experiment
DATE: 2012/02/09::
4
Fruiting Oyster Mushroom Mycelium
Fruiting Oyster Mushroom Mycelium
DATE: 2014/03/06::
5
Mycelium
Mycelium
DATE: 2014/10/30::
6
Starting Mycelium at home
Starting Mycelium at home
DATE: 2010/10/11::
7
In mycelium we trust!
In mycelium we trust!
DATE: 2010/10/30::
8
Mushroom Mycelium Feeding on Nematodes
Mushroom Mycelium Feeding on Nematodes
DATE: 2010/05/04::
9
Minecraft Survival - Mycelium Generator! (Ep. 100)
Minecraft Survival - Mycelium Generator! (Ep. 100)
DATE: 2012/11/14::
10
Transferring mycelium on agar to grain
Transferring mycelium on agar to grain
DATE: 2013/04/13::
11
2009-05-29 - Psilocybe Cubensis - Golden Teacher Mycelium [2nd project]
2009-05-29 - Psilocybe Cubensis - Golden Teacher Mycelium [2nd project]
DATE: 2011/01/18::
12
Pleurotus mycelium vs Trichoderma (Timelapse)
Pleurotus mycelium vs Trichoderma (Timelapse)
DATE: 2013/12/09::
13
Paul Stamets - Mycelium Running 1of5
Paul Stamets - Mycelium Running 1of5
DATE: 2011/04/12::
14
Fungi time lapse videos: mould, mycelium and bioluminescence.
Fungi time lapse videos: mould, mycelium and bioluminescence.
DATE: 2014/11/20::
15
Mycelium Local Trader - Demo
Mycelium Local Trader - Demo
DATE: 2014/04/16::
16
OYSTER MUSHROOM GROWING.  Mycelium On Grain - Low Tech
OYSTER MUSHROOM GROWING. Mycelium On Grain - Low Tech
DATE: 2015/01/27::
17
Mushroom Mycelium Running Through Woodchips (Timelapse)
Mushroom Mycelium Running Through Woodchips (Timelapse)
DATE: 2014/10/16::
18
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet 1.0
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet 1.0
DATE: 2013/11/22::
19
The Green Police Investigate Mycelium as a Building Material
The Green Police Investigate Mycelium as a Building Material
DATE: 2013/12/11::
20
An Experiment: Growing Mushrooms - Lots of Hyphea/Mycelium Growth & Substrates 5 of 6 TRG 2015
An Experiment: Growing Mushrooms - Lots of Hyphea/Mycelium Growth & Substrates 5 of 6 TRG 2015
DATE: 2015/03/28::
21
Urban Survival Gardening Diary # 6 Making The Most Of Your Mycelium.
Urban Survival Gardening Diary # 6 Making The Most Of Your Mycelium.
DATE: 2008/07/14::
22
Cold Storage Spending with the Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet
Cold Storage Spending with the Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet
DATE: 2013/07/19::
23
Agar to Grain mycelium transfer
Agar to Grain mycelium transfer
DATE: 2012/03/10::
24
Does Mycelium Grow Faster Than Grass? [Minecraft Myth Busting 04]
Does Mycelium Grow Faster Than Grass? [Minecraft Myth Busting 04]
DATE: 2012/09/07::
25
Mushroom Culture Part 3 (Isolation Of Mycelium)
Mushroom Culture Part 3 (Isolation Of Mycelium)
DATE: 2010/11/08::
26
Minecraft FTB Agrarian Skies: Mycelium and Grass! (Ep.5)
Minecraft FTB Agrarian Skies: Mycelium and Grass! (Ep.5)
DATE: 2014/05/23::
27
Minecraft :: Insorum - Ep. 13 - Mycelium Farm
Minecraft :: Insorum - Ep. 13 - Mycelium Farm
DATE: 2013/11/25::
28
Mycelium -- Jantarové oči
Mycelium -- Jantarové oči
DATE: 2013/06/26::
29
Mycelium
Mycelium
DATE: 2014/04/19::
30
Mycelia in Wonderland
Mycelia in Wonderland
DATE: 2014/04/16::
31
Wilson Effects: MYCELIUM Ring Modulator - Demo
Wilson Effects: MYCELIUM Ring Modulator - Demo
DATE: 2014/06/12::
32
Minecraft Blocks & Items: Mycelium
Minecraft Blocks & Items: Mycelium
DATE: 2013/12/09::
33
Wilson Effects MYCELIUM Ring Modulator pedal with Kingbee Tele & Mojotone Plexi
Wilson Effects MYCELIUM Ring Modulator pedal with Kingbee Tele & Mojotone Plexi
DATE: 2014/05/20::
34
Minecraft Mycelium Farm
Minecraft Mycelium Farm
DATE: 2013/02/15::
35
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet: Export Private Key to Paper
Mycelium Bitcoin Wallet: Export Private Key to Paper
DATE: 2013/06/26::
36
Minecraft Tutorials Ep. 1 How To Make A Mycelium Farm
Minecraft Tutorials Ep. 1 How To Make A Mycelium Farm
DATE: 2014/04/16::
37
Minecraft Tutorial 54 - Mushroom Islands, Mooshrooms & Mycelium
Minecraft Tutorial 54 - Mushroom Islands, Mooshrooms & Mycelium
DATE: 2013/08/24::
38
Kall - Mycelium Veins (rehearsal version)
Kall - Mycelium Veins (rehearsal version)
DATE: 2015/02/15::
39
Mycelium Construct- Echo Of A Singularity
Mycelium Construct- Echo Of A Singularity
DATE: 2013/07/20::
40
All About - Mycelium
All About - Mycelium
DATE: 2014/11/01::
41
Improve Soil Quality, Get More Nutrients to Your Plant w/ Mycelium
Improve Soil Quality, Get More Nutrients to Your Plant w/ Mycelium
DATE: 2013/07/24::
42
Ecovative
Ecovative's Mushroom Materials
DATE: 2013/09/04::
43
Mycelium Entropy animation
Mycelium Entropy animation
DATE: 2014/06/24::
44
Minecraft - Sky Factory Part 11 - Mycelium
Minecraft - Sky Factory Part 11 - Mycelium
DATE: 2014/03/27::
45
7-28-12 Mycelium update
7-28-12 Mycelium update
DATE: 2012/07/28::
46
Mycelium Entropy Live Demo
Mycelium Entropy Live Demo
DATE: 2014/06/24::
47
Minecraft Crash Landing - EP28 - All about Mycelium
Minecraft Crash Landing - EP28 - All about Mycelium
DATE: 2014/10/08::
48
Grass Vs Mycelium Trailer 2
Grass Vs Mycelium Trailer 2
DATE: 2014/12/24::
49
An Experiment: Growing Mushrooms - Substrate/Growing Medium, Mycelium & Grain Spores 2 of 6 TRG 2015
An Experiment: Growing Mushrooms - Substrate/Growing Medium, Mycelium & Grain Spores 2 of 6 TRG 2015
DATE: 2014/12/23::
50
The Bitcoin Group #66 – Google Play Suspends Mycelium Wallet – Hong Kong Considers the Banhammer ...
The Bitcoin Group #66 – Google Play Suspends Mycelium Wallet – Hong Kong Considers the Banhammer ...
DATE: 2015/02/13::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Fungal mycelium
Microscopic view of a mycelium.  This image covers a one-millimeter square.
Another microscopic view of a mycelium.  Numbered ticks are 230 µm apart.
Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) growing on coffee grounds
Mycelium as seen under a log

Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. The mass of hyphae is sometimes called shiro, especially within the fairy ring fungi. Fungal colonies composed of mycelium are found in and on soil and many other substrates. A typical single spore germinates into a homokaryotic mycelium, which cannot reproduce sexually; when two compatible homokaryotic mycelia join and form a dikaryotic mycelium; that mycelium may form fruiting bodies such as mushrooms. A mycelium may be minute, forming a colony that is too small to see, or it may be extensive:

Is this the largest organism in the world? This 2,400-acre (9.7 km2) site in eastern Oregon had a contiguous growth of mycelium before logging roads cut through it. Estimated at 1,665 football fields in size and 2,200 years old, this one fungus has killed the forest above it several times over, and in so doing has built deeper soil layers that allow the growth of ever-larger stands of trees. Mushroom-forming forest fungi are unique in that their mycelial mats can achieve such massive proportions.

Through the mycelium, a fungus absorbs nutrients from its environment. It does this in a two-stage process. First, the hyphae secrete enzymes onto or into the food source, which break down biological polymers into smaller units such as monomers. These monomers are then absorbed into the mycelium by facilitated diffusion and active transport.

Mycelium is vital in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems for their role in the decomposition of plant material. They contribute to the organic fraction of soil, and their growth releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere. Ectomycorrhizal extramatrical mycelium, as well as the mycelium of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase the efficiency of water and nutrient absorption of most plants and confers resistance to some plant pathogens. Mycelium is an important food source for many soil invertebrates.

"Mycelium", like "fungus", can be considered a mass noun, a word that can be either singular or plural. The term "mycelia", though, like "fungi", is often used as the preferred plural form.

Sclerotia are compact or hard masses of mycelium.

Uses[edit]

One of the primary roles of fungi in an ecosystem is to decompose organic compounds. Petroleum products and some pesticides (typical soil contaminants) are organic molecules (i.e. they are built on a carbon structure), and thereby present a potential carbon source for fungi. Hence, fungi have the potential to eradicate such pollutants from their environment; unless the chemicals prove toxic to the fungus. This biological degradation is a process known as bioremediation.

Mycelial mats have been suggested (see Paul Stamets) as having potential as biological filters, removing chemicals and microorganisms from soil and water. The use of fungal mycelium to accomplish this has been termed mycofiltration.

Knowledge of the relationship between mycorrhizal fungi and plants suggests new ways to improve crop yields.

When spread on logging roads, mycelium can act as a binder, holding new soil in place and preventing washouts until woody plants can be established.

Since 2007, a company called Ecovative Design has been developing alternatives to polystyrene and plastic packaging by growing mycelium in agricultural waste. The two ingredients are mixed together and placed into a mold for 3–5 days to grow into a durable material. Depending on the strain of mycelium used, they make many different varieties of the material including water absorbent, flame retardant, and dielectric.[2]

Fungi are essential for converting biomass into compost, as they decompose feedstock components such as lignin, which many other composting microorganisms cannot.[3] Turning a backyard compost pile will commonly expose visible networks of mycelia that have formed on the decaying organic material within. Compost is an essential soil amendment and fertilizer for organic farming and gardening. Composting can divert a substantial fraction of municipal solid waste from landfill.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stamets, Paul. Mycelium Running, Ten Speed Press, U.S.A. 2005 (p. 45, caption to figure 60)
  2. ^ Kile, Meredith (September 13, 2013). "How to replace foam and plastic packaging with mushroom experiments". Al Jazeera America. 
  3. ^ "Composting - Compost Microorganisms". Cornell University. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Epstein, Eliot (2011). Industrial Composting: Environmental Engineering and Facilities Management. CRC Press. ISBN 143984531X. 

External links[edit]

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