Ancient Turkic mythology Of The Turkish People

Channel: MagnificentCentury   |   2014/02/01
Play Video
1
Ancient Turkic mythology Of The Turkish People
Ancient Turkic mythology Of The Turkish People
::2014/02/01::
Play Video
2
Turkic Mythology -
Turkic Mythology - 'Bayterek' (Tree of Life) and 'Samruk' (mythical Bird)
::2012/02/28::
Play Video
3
Khakas epic poem Khuban Aryg: Turkic Mythology 01 with Assist. Prof. Dr. Faruk Atalayer [in Turkish]
Khakas epic poem Khuban Aryg: Turkic Mythology 01 with Assist. Prof. Dr. Faruk Atalayer [in Turkish]
::2013/04/08::
Play Video
4
Epic of Ergenekon - The Rebirth of Turks (2637 B.C.) - "Yeni kün"
Epic of Ergenekon - The Rebirth of Turks (2637 B.C.) - "Yeni kün"
::2012/02/28::
Play Video
5
academic panel on Turkic Mythology and Shamanism, Sakarya University/Turkey, 24.III.2014 Part I
academic panel on Turkic Mythology and Shamanism, Sakarya University/Turkey, 24.III.2014 Part I
::2014/03/25::
Play Video
6
academic panel on Turkic Mythology and Shamanism, Sakarya University/Turkey, 24.III.2014 Part II
academic panel on Turkic Mythology and Shamanism, Sakarya University/Turkey, 24.III.2014 Part II
::2014/03/25::
Play Video
7
Khakas epic poem Khuban Aryg: Turkic Mythology 02 with Assist. Prof. Dr. Faruk Atalayer [in Turkish]
Khakas epic poem Khuban Aryg: Turkic Mythology 02 with Assist. Prof. Dr. Faruk Atalayer [in Turkish]
::2013/04/08::
Play Video
8
Sakha folk song: "Kudai Bakhsy"
Sakha folk song: "Kudai Bakhsy"
::2012/08/28::
Play Video
9
Norse Mythology 1 Creation of the Universe
Norse Mythology 1 Creation of the Universe
::2010/10/05::
Play Video
10
British/English Mythology
British/English Mythology
::2012/12/14::
Play Video
11
TÜRK MİTOLOJİK TANRI İSKANDİNAVLARIN MİTOLOJİK TANRISI BİR TÜRK 2014
TÜRK MİTOLOJİK TANRI İSKANDİNAVLARIN MİTOLOJİK TANRISI BİR TÜRK 2014
::2014/03/02::
Play Video
12
Modern Day Examples of Ancient Mythology
Modern Day Examples of Ancient Mythology
::2012/09/01::
Play Video
13
Mythology Unit Example - Student Artifact
Mythology Unit Example - Student Artifact
::2013/07/16::
Play Video
14
Kaşgarlı Mahmut ve Türk Dili 1-2
Kaşgarlı Mahmut ve Türk Dili 1-2
::2011/06/04::
Play Video
15
Turkic countries and regions of potential Turkic sovereignty
Turkic countries and regions of potential Turkic sovereignty
::2013/07/29::
Play Video
16
The Mythological Wolf
The Mythological Wolf
::2010/05/06::
Play Video
17
Snake Myth And Watch Your Step.
Snake Myth And Watch Your Step.
::2014/01/21::
Play Video
18
Latin Alphabet and Etruscans of proto-Turkic Origin !!! - 700 B.C. Marsiliana Tablet - Rasena
Latin Alphabet and Etruscans of proto-Turkic Origin !!! - 700 B.C. Marsiliana Tablet - Rasena
::2009/12/13::
Play Video
19
Zeybek - The Thunder of Turkish Anatolia
Zeybek - The Thunder of Turkish Anatolia
::2013/03/15::
Play Video
20
Slavic Mythology
Slavic Mythology
::2007/02/16::
Play Video
21
Turkic Warriors Massacre Muslim Arabs - Türken Massakrieren Araber
Turkic Warriors Massacre Muslim Arabs - Türken Massakrieren Araber
::2012/02/25::
Play Video
22
Türk Mitolojisi - Yakut Sakha - Juliana, Uhuktuu - Юлияна, Уhуктуу
Türk Mitolojisi - Yakut Sakha - Juliana, Uhuktuu - Юлияна, Уhуктуу
::2013/04/11::
Play Video
23
Тенге в честь Культегина и Тюркской письменности 8 века
Тенге в честь Культегина и Тюркской письменности 8 века
::2013/12/28::
Play Video
24
History Of The Oghuz Turks
History Of The Oghuz Turks
::2014/02/01::
Play Video
25
Mythical
Mythical 'Gate to Hell' Uncovered in Turkey
::2013/04/04::
Play Video
26
Nevruz in Turkic World
Nevruz in Turkic World
::2012/04/07::
Play Video
27
Greek Mythology in Advertising
Greek Mythology in Advertising
::2013/10/22::
Play Video
28
Business & Leadership : Mythology Used in Advertising
Business & Leadership : Mythology Used in Advertising
::2009/05/26::
Play Video
29
Myth vs Mind EG 클랜 스크림 2경기
Myth vs Mind EG 클랜 스크림 2경기
::2014/04/17::
Play Video
30
Turkic history - Turkic world
Turkic history - Turkic world
::2011/01/09::
Play Video
31
türk dili
türk dili
::2013/01/03::
Play Video
32
turkic fest 2010 final 03
turkic fest 2010 final 03
::2010/11/19::
Play Video
33
Turkic Fest 2009, Houston - part 2/6
Turkic Fest 2009, Houston - part 2/6
::2009/11/14::
Play Video
34
Yggdrasil
Yggdrasil
::2012/09/15::
Play Video
35
Stargate Age of Mythology: The crossover (example video)
Stargate Age of Mythology: The crossover (example video)
::2011/10/06::
Play Video
36
Azerbaijani is a Turkic language OF KILLERS
Azerbaijani is a Turkic language OF KILLERS
::2012/09/13::
Play Video
37
Dukha • the Turkic Reindeer People
Dukha • the Turkic Reindeer People
::2013/08/10::
Play Video
38
Tengrism - Ancient Religion Of The Turkic People
Tengrism - Ancient Religion Of The Turkic People
::2014/02/01::
Play Video
39
ASSEMBLY OF TURKIC AMERICAN FEDERATIONS
ASSEMBLY OF TURKIC AMERICAN FEDERATIONS
::2010/05/18::
Play Video
40
Turkic union | Turkic council | Turk states | Türk kenesi=türkce | fransizca=Türk konseyi
Turkic union | Turkic council | Turk states | Türk kenesi=türkce | fransizca=Türk konseyi
::2013/05/11::
Play Video
41
Aztec Mythology
Aztec Mythology
::2011/10/21::
Play Video
42
Turkey - Water in the mythology
Turkey - Water in the mythology
::2009/04/20::
Play Video
43
Astana-Arkau festival of Turkic (Turkic-speaking peoples) music in Astana, 06.07.2012 - 4
Astana-Arkau festival of Turkic (Turkic-speaking peoples) music in Astana, 06.07.2012 - 4
::2012/07/09::
Play Video
44
Rumi Forum and Turkic American Alliance(TAA) Jointly host Ramadan Iftar Dinner
Rumi Forum and Turkic American Alliance(TAA) Jointly host Ramadan Iftar Dinner
::2012/08/08::
Play Video
45
Turkic Cultures and Children
Turkic Cultures and Children's Festival 2008
::2008/10/14::
Play Video
46
Astana-Arkau festival of Turkic (Turkic-speaking peoples) music in Astana, 06.07.2012 2
Astana-Arkau festival of Turkic (Turkic-speaking peoples) music in Astana, 06.07.2012 2
::2012/07/09::
Play Video
47
The Turkic origin of Latin Alphabet and Etruscans (Cinemascope) - proto-Hungarian, proto-Türkic
The Turkic origin of Latin Alphabet and Etruscans (Cinemascope) - proto-Hungarian, proto-Türkic
::2012/03/28::
Play Video
48
Mongolian Turkish Schools.avi
Mongolian Turkish Schools.avi
::2012/05/16::
Play Video
49
Lost Turkic Tribes in Europe CUMANS I .
Lost Turkic Tribes in Europe CUMANS I .
::2013/04/19::
Play Video
50
"A Myth To Live By" from LIZARD BOY
"A Myth To Live By" from LIZARD BOY
::2014/03/13::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The 10th-century Irk Bitig or "Book of Divination" of Dunhuang is an important source for early Turkic mythology

Turkic mythology embraces Tengriist and Shamanist traditions as well as all cultural and social subjects being a nomad folk. Later, specially after Turkic migration some of the myths were decorated with Islamic symbols. It has many common points with Aegean and Anatolian mythologies (Greek and Hittite) as well as Mongol mythology. Turkic mythology was influenced by other local mythologies. For example, in Tatar mythology elements of Finnic and Indo-European myth co-exist. Subjects from Tatar mythology include Äbädä, Şüräle, Şekä, Pitsen, Tulpar, and Zilant. Besides Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism still carry signs from Turkic mythology.

Irk Bitig, a 10th-century manuscript found in Dunhuang is one of the most important sources for Turkic mythology and religion. This book is written in Old Turkic alphabet like the Orkhon inscriptions.

Gods in Turkic mythology[edit]

Tengri[edit]

Tengri is one of the names for the primary chief deity in the religion of the early Turkic people. The words Tengri and Sky were synonyms. It is unknown how Tengri looks. He rules the fates of entire people and acts freely. But he is fair as he awards and punishes. The well-being of people depends on his will. The most important contemporary testimony of Tengri worship is found in the Old Turkic Orkhon inscriptions, dated to the early 8th century.

Other gods[edit]

Umay (The Turkic root umāy originally meant 'placenta, afterbirth') is the goddess of fertility and virginity. Umay resembles earth-mother goddesses found in various other world religions.

Kayra is the Spirit of God and creator god.

Ülgen is the son of Kayra and the god of goodness. The Aruğ (Arı) denotes to "good spirits" in Turkic and Altaic mythology. They are under the order of Ülgen and doing good things on earth.[1]

Erlik is the god of death and underworld.

Ay Dede is the moon god.

Gun Ana is the sun god.

Symbols[edit]

As a result of the nomad culture, the Horse is also one of the main figures of Turkic mythology; Turks considered the horse an extension of the individual -though generally dedicated to the male- and see that one is complete with it. This might have led to or sourced from the term "At-Beyi" (Horse-Lord).

The Dragon (Evren, also Ebren), also expressed as a Snake or Lizard, is the symbol of might and power. It is believed, especially in mountainous Central Asia, that dragons still live in the mountains of Tian Shan/Tengri Tagh and Altay. Dragons also symbolize the god Tengri (Tanrı) in ancient Turkic tradition, although dragons themselves are not worshiped as gods.

The World Tree or Tree of Life is a central symbol in Turkic mythology. According to the Altai Turks, human beings are descended from trees. According to the Yakuts, White Mother sits at the base of the Tree of Life, whose branches reach to the heavens where it is occupied by various creatures that have come to life there. The blue sky around the tree reflects the peaceful nature of the country and the red ring that surrounds all of the elements symbolizes the ancient faith of rebirth, growth and development of the Turkic peoples.

Legends[edit]

The Grey Wolf legend[edit]

The Wolf symbolizes honor and is also considered the mother of most Turkic peoples. Asena is the name of one of the ten sons who were given birth by a mythical wolf in Turkic mythology.[2][3][4][5]

The legend tells of a young boy who survived a battle. A she-wolf finds the injured child and nurses him back to health. He subsequently impregnates the wolf which then gives birth to ten half-wolf, half-human boys. One of these, Ashina, becomes their leader and instaures the Ashina clan which ruled the Göktürks and other Turkic nomadic empires.[6][7] The wolf, pregnant with the boy's offspring, escaped her enemies by crossing the Western Sea to a cave near to the Qocho mountains, one of the cities of the Tocharians. The first Turks subsequently migrated to the Altai regions, where they are known as expert in ironworkers, as the Scythians are also known to have been.[8]

Ergenekon legend[edit]

The Ergenekon legend tells about a great crisis of the ancient Turks. According to legend, after a big defeat the Turks settled into a very inaccessible valley called Ergenekon, led by a wolf. But after many generations this valley would be too narrow for all these people and they are looking for a way to leave this valley. They forged and melt a mountain of iron ore, and returned to form the Göktürk Empire.[citation needed][9]

Oghuz legends[edit]

The legend of Oghuz Khagan is a central political mythology for Turkic peoples of Central Asia and eventually the Oghuz Turks who ruled in Anatolia and Iran. Versions of this narrative have been found in the histories of Rashid ad-Din Tabib, in an anonymous 14th-century Uyghur vertical script manuscript now in Paris, and in Abu'l Ghazi's Shajara at-Turk and have been translated into Russian and German.

Dede Korkut stories[edit]

Book of Dede Korkut from the 11th century covers twelve legendary stories of the Oghuz Turks, one of the major branches of the Turkish Peoples. It originates from the pre-Islamic period of the Turks, in which the Tengrism elements in the Turkish culture still outweighed. It consists of a prologue and twelve different stories. The legendary story which begins in Central Asia is narrated by a dramatis personae, in most cases by Dede Korkut himself.[10]

The legend of Timur[edit]

The legend of Timur (Temir) is the most ancient and well-known. Timur found a strange stone that fell from the sky (an iron ore meteorite), making the first iron sword from it. Today, the word "demir" means "iron".

Other legends[edit]

Modern interpretations[edit]

Decorative arts[edit]

5-kuruş-coin features the tree of life.
  • A motif of the tree of life is featured on Turkish 5 Kuruş coins, circulated since early 2009.
The Tree of Life, as seen as in flag of Chuvashia, a Turkic state in the Russian Federation

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Türk Söylence Sözlüğü (Turkish Mythology Dictionary), Deniz Karakurt, (OTRS: CC BY-SA 3.0)
  2. ^ Bozkurt Legend (Turkish)
  3. ^ Book of Zhou, Vo. 50. (Chinese)
  4. ^ History of Northern Dynasties, Vo. 99. (Chinese)
  5. ^ Book of Sui, Vol. 84. (Chinese)
  6. ^ Findley, Carter Vaughin. The Turks in World History. Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-19-517726-6. Page 38.
  7. ^ Roxburgh, D. J. (ed.) Turks, A Journey of a Thousand Years. Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2005. Page 20.
  8. ^ Christopher I. Beckwith, Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present, Princeton University Press, 2011, p.9
  9. ^ Dr. Çekiç, Orhan. "ERGENEKON EFSANESİ GÖKTÜRKLERE AİT…". Retrieved 30 December 2012. [unreliable source?]
  10. ^ Miyasoğlu, Mustafa (1999). Dede Korkut Kitabı. 

References[edit]

  • Walter Heissig, The Religions of Mongolia, Kegan Paul (2000).
  • Gerald Hausman, Loretta Hausman, The Mythology of Horses: Horse Legend and Lore Throughout the Ages (2003), 37-46.
  • Yves Bonnefoy, Wendy Doniger, Asian Mythologies, University Of Chicago Press (1993), 315-339.
  • 满都呼, 中国阿尔泰语系诸民族神话故事(folklores of Chinese Altaic races).民族出版社, 1997. ISBN 7-105-02698-7.
  • 贺灵, 新疆宗教古籍资料辑注(materials of old texts of Xinjiang religions).新疆人民出版社, May 2006. ISBN 722810346.
  • Nassen-Bayer; Stuart, Kevin (October 1992). Mongol creation stories: man, Mongol tribes, the natural world and Mongol deities. 2 51. Asian Folklore Studies. pp. 323–334. Retrieved 2010-05-06. 
  • Sproul, Barbara C. (1979). Primal Myths. HarperOne HarperCollinsPublishers. ISBN 978-0-06-067501-1. 
  • S. G. Klyashtornyj, 'Political Background of the Old Turkic Religion' in: Oelschlägel, Nentwig, Taube (eds.), "Roter Altai, gib dein Echo!" (FS Taube), Leipzig, 2005, ISBN 978-3-86583-062-3, 260-265.
  • Türk Söylence Sözlüğü (Turkish Mythology Dictionary), Deniz Karakurt, (OTRS: CC BY-SA 3.0)

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014