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Nabi Musa Membelah Laut
Nabi Musa Membelah Laut
::2012/01/22::
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Kisah Nabi Musa A s  Membelah laut
Kisah Nabi Musa A s Membelah laut
::2013/09/12::
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Kisah Tongkat Nabi Musa Menjadi Ular
Kisah Tongkat Nabi Musa Menjadi Ular
::2013/11/24::
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lagu anak muslim Nabi Musa
lagu anak muslim Nabi Musa
::2014/01/08::
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NABI MUSA (AS)   (Harun Yahya Bahasa Indonesia)
NABI MUSA (AS) (Harun Yahya Bahasa Indonesia)
::2011/04/20::
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Kisah Nabi Musa Mempunyai Tongkat Sakti
Kisah Nabi Musa Mempunyai Tongkat Sakti
::2013/08/24::
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Khazanah 2013.04.15 (227) - Kisah Nabi Musa dan Lahirnya Kaum Yahudi
Khazanah 2013.04.15 (227) - Kisah Nabi Musa dan Lahirnya Kaum Yahudi
::2013/05/04::
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Fakta Unik Ular dalam Kisah Nabi Musa
Fakta Unik Ular dalam Kisah Nabi Musa
::2013/11/09::
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Nabi Musa Membela Laut Merah-The Prince of Egypt.flv
Nabi Musa Membela Laut Merah-The Prince of Egypt.flv
::2010/08/26::
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Kartun Kisah Tongkat Nabi Musa Full
Kartun Kisah Tongkat Nabi Musa Full
::2014/01/24::
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Kartun Islami - Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir
Kartun Islami - Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir
::2013/11/29::
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Khazanah    Kisah Nabi Musa as & Lahirnya Kaum Yahudi p2
Khazanah Kisah Nabi Musa as & Lahirnya Kaum Yahudi p2
::2013/08/07::
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Gambaran Kisah Nabi Musa dengan Firaun
Gambaran Kisah Nabi Musa dengan Firaun
::2014/03/01::
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Film kartun kisah teladan : Nabi Musa as dan Nabi Khaidir as
Film kartun kisah teladan : Nabi Musa as dan Nabi Khaidir as
::2014/03/21::
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Ceramah Agama: Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir - Ustadz Firanda Andirja, MA. - Yufid.TV
Ceramah Agama: Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir - Ustadz Firanda Andirja, MA. - Yufid.TV
::2013/08/16::
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Mukjizat Nabi Musa ( Tongkat membelah Lautan )
Mukjizat Nabi Musa ( Tongkat membelah Lautan )
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nabi musa membelah laut.3gp.mp4
nabi musa membelah laut.3gp.mp4
::2012/01/20::
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Ustaz Azhar Idrus ~ Cerita Seorang Wali di Zaman Nabi Musa A S
Ustaz Azhar Idrus ~ Cerita Seorang Wali di Zaman Nabi Musa A S
::2014/03/04::
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Kisah Nabi Musa
Kisah Nabi Musa
::2013/06/26::
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Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir
Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir
::2014/03/03::
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26. Nabi Musa & Firaun - Ustaz Kazim Elias
26. Nabi Musa & Firaun - Ustaz Kazim Elias
::2011/06/21::
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Ustaz Kazim Hj Elias 2011 - Kisah Nabi Musa & firaun   1/4
Ustaz Kazim Hj Elias 2011 - Kisah Nabi Musa & firaun 1/4
::2011/06/22::
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Kisah nabi Musa dengan Firaun
Kisah nabi Musa dengan Firaun
::2013/10/10::
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Lanjutan Kisah Mukjizat Tongkat Nabi Musa dan Para Pengikutnya
Lanjutan Kisah Mukjizat Tongkat Nabi Musa dan Para Pengikutnya
::2013/12/13::
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Nabi Musa 3 S1 of 9
Nabi Musa 3 S1 of 9
::2013/02/15::
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NABI MUSA MENAMPAR MALAIKAT MAUT HINGGA BUTA KEDUA MATANYA
NABI MUSA MENAMPAR MALAIKAT MAUT HINGGA BUTA KEDUA MATANYA
::2013/12/16::
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Belajar dari Kisah Nabi Musa   Dato
Belajar dari Kisah Nabi Musa Dato' Dr Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin
::2014/03/31::
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Film Kartun Kisah Mukjizat Tongkat Nabi Musa
Film Kartun Kisah Mukjizat Tongkat Nabi Musa
::2013/12/13::
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Mujizat nabi Musa
Mujizat nabi Musa
::2013/05/20::
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Mukhjizat nabi musa ( tongkat berubah menjadi ular )
Mukhjizat nabi musa ( tongkat berubah menjadi ular )
::2013/03/16::
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Nabi Musa 2 S6 of 6
Nabi Musa 2 S6 of 6
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Ust Syed Norhisyam - Masjid Al-Islamiah - 2 April 2013 (Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir)
Ust Syed Norhisyam - Masjid Al-Islamiah - 2 April 2013 (Kisah Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidir)
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Ziarah Baitulmaqdis Maqam Nabi Daud & Nabi Musa 4/6
Ziarah Baitulmaqdis Maqam Nabi Daud & Nabi Musa 4/6
::2008/12/23::
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Ust Nazmi Karim: Kisah Nabi Musa Pilih 70 Org Lelaki Dari Kaumnya (Bani Israel)
Ust Nazmi Karim: Kisah Nabi Musa Pilih 70 Org Lelaki Dari Kaumnya (Bani Israel)
::2012/06/24::
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Doa Nabi Musa Yang Diajarkan Rasullullah s.a.w Kepada Sahabatnya
Doa Nabi Musa Yang Diajarkan Rasullullah s.a.w Kepada Sahabatnya
::2011/01/30::
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PU Rahmat : Kisah Nabi Musa a.s. (semi-final)
PU Rahmat : Kisah Nabi Musa a.s. (semi-final)
::2014/01/02::
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Ustaz Nazmi Karim: Firaun ugut Nabi Musa A.S | Firaun Terkentot Bila Tgk Ulor | Zaman Ahli Sihir
Ustaz Nazmi Karim: Firaun ugut Nabi Musa A.S | Firaun Terkentot Bila Tgk Ulor | Zaman Ahli Sihir
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Kisah Nabi Musa 1 of 6
Kisah Nabi Musa 1 of 6
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Ustaz Nazmi Karim: Kewafatan Nabi Musa A.S | Kisah Nabi Yusyak Masuk Palestine
Ustaz Nazmi Karim: Kewafatan Nabi Musa A.S | Kisah Nabi Yusyak Masuk Palestine
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aagym_Do
aagym_Do'a Nabi Musa
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Nabi Musa 2 S1 of 6
Nabi Musa 2 S1 of 6
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Wisata Napak Tilas Jejak Nabi Musa di Gunung Sinai Mesir
Wisata Napak Tilas Jejak Nabi Musa di Gunung Sinai Mesir
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Balada Nabi Musa __ Bimbo
Balada Nabi Musa __ Bimbo
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Nabi Musa 1 S6 of 6
Nabi Musa 1 S6 of 6
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Kisah Nabi Musa AS dan Nabi Khidir AS Bagian 2 (Selesai)
Kisah Nabi Musa AS dan Nabi Khidir AS Bagian 2 (Selesai)
::2013/12/24::
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Makam Nabi Musa A.S
Makam Nabi Musa A.S
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Nabi Musa Moosa alayhi salaam ziarat mazaar maqam
Nabi Musa Moosa alayhi salaam ziarat mazaar maqam
::2010/09/19::
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NABI MUSA (AS)  2/4
NABI MUSA (AS) 2/4
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Kisah Nabi  Musa As dan Nabi Khidir AS Bagian 1
Kisah Nabi Musa As dan Nabi Khidir AS Bagian 1
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Pengajian Islam: Mendulang Hikmah dari Kisah Nabi Musa - Ustadz Firanda Andirja, M.A.
Pengajian Islam: Mendulang Hikmah dari Kisah Nabi Musa - Ustadz Firanda Andirja, M.A.
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Nabi Musa
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic نبي موسى
 • Also spelled an-Nabi Musa (official)
Nebi Musa (unofficial)
Nabi Musa, 2008
Nabi Musa, 2008
Nabi Musa is located in the Palestinian territories
Nabi Musa
Nabi Musa
Location of Nabi Musa within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°47′N 35°26′E / 31.783°N 35.433°E / 31.783; 35.433Coordinates: 31°47′N 35°26′E / 31.783°N 35.433°E / 31.783; 35.433
Governorate Jericho
Government
 • Type Local Development Committee
Area
 • Jurisdiction 122,248[1] dunams (122.2 km2 or 47.2 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 309
Name meaning "Prophet Moses"
Maqamu Musa, Jerico, Jerusalam

Nabi Musa (Arabic: نبي موسى‎, meaning the "Prophet Moses",[2] also transliterated Nebi Musa) is the name of a site in the Judean desert that popular Palestinian folklore associates with Moses. It is also the name of a seven-day long religious festival that was celebrated annually by Palestinian Muslims, beginning on the Friday before Good Friday in the old Orthodox Greek calendar.[3] Considered "the most important Muslim pilgrimage in Palestine,"[4] the festival centered around a collective pilgrimage from Jerusalem to what was understood to be the Tomb of Moses, near Jericho.

A Palestinian village with the same name lies close to the site.[1] In 2007 it had a residential population of 309 according the census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).[5]

History[edit]

The Jerusalem-Jericho road was one of the primary routes used by Mediterranean Arabs to make a pilgrimage to Mecca. The great, many-domed building which marks the Mausoleum of Moses was located at what would be have marked the end of the first day's march in that direction. Originally, it was simply a point from which pilgrims could look across the Jordan Valley and catch a glimpse of Mount Nebo where (as suggested by the Bible) the tomb of Moses was thought to be located.[6] It appears to have become a fixed point in the local Muslim calendar from the time of Saladin.[7] In 1269 the Mamluk sultan Baibars al-Bunduqdari built a small shrine here, as part of a general policy he adopted after conquering towns and rural areas from Lebanon down to Hebron from the Crusaders. The shrines were mostly dedicated to biblical prophets and the companions of Mohammed, and their maintenance was funded by an awqaf, an endowment from properties that formerly belonged to the Latin Church. In the case of Nabi Musa, the waqf fund was secured from ecclesiastical assets expropriated in nearby Jericho.[8]

Baibars al-Bunduqdari's constructive piety set a precedent for others. Over the late medieval period, hostels for travellers were built on adjacent to the shrine, and the hospice in its present form was completed in the decade between 1470 and 1480. Gradually, the lookout point for Moses' distant gravesite beyond the Jordan was confused with Moses' tomb itself, laying the ground for the cultic importance Nabi Musa was to acquire in the Palestinian worship of saints (walis).

Ottoman Turks, around 1820, restored the buildings, which had, over the previous centuries, fallen into a state of dilapidated disrepair. In addition, they promoted a festive pilgrimage to the shrine that would always coincide with the Christian celebration of Easter, giving Muslims a way to celebrate during the time that their Christian neighbors were celebrating. This 'invention of tradition', as such imaginative constructs are called,[9] made the pageantry of the Nabi Musa pilgrimage a potent symbol of both political and religious identity among Muslims from the outset of the modern period.[10][11]

Over the 19th century, thousands of Muslims would assemble in Jerusalem, trek to Nabi Musa, and pass three days in feasting, prayer, games and visits to the large tomb two kilometres south, identified as that of Moses' shepherd, Hasan er-Rai, They were then entertained, as guests of the waqf, before returning on the seventh day triumphantly back to Jerusalem.[12]

In the late 19th century, the Ottomans appointed the al-Husayni clan as official custodians of the shrine and hosts of the festival, though their connection with the cult may date back to the previous century. According to Yehoshua Ben-Aryeh, the governor of Jerusalem Rauf Pasha (1876–1888), was the first to attempt to exploit the festival to incite Muslims against Christians. Ilan Pappé offers a different view:

'It is more likely, however, that the governor and his government were rather apprehensive of such an anti-Christian uprising as it could stir instability and disorder at a time when the central government was trying to pacify the Empire. This had been indeed the impression of the engineer (seconded to the Palestine Exploration Fund) Claude Conder. The Hebrew paper, Ha-havazelet, at the time blessed the Ottoman government for imposing law and order in the Nabi Musa affair. The travelogues of Francis Newton testify as well to a peaceful execution of the ceremonies. Indeed, the Turkish government must have acted here against popular feelings, shared by the Husaynis as the masters of the ceremony that Nabi Musa was celebrated in the most unfavourable conditions for the Muslims. It was the iron fist imposed by the Turks that prevented the situation from deteriorating into an all out riot.'[13]

Ottoman flags fly over the Nabi Musa for the last time, in 1917.

The procession moved off from Jerusalem under a distinctive Nabi Musa banner which the Husaynis conserved for the annual occasion in their Dar al-Kabira. On arriving at the shrine, the al-Husaynis and another rising Jerusalem family of notables (A'ayan), the Yunis clan, were required to provide two meals a day over the week for all worshippers.[14] Once their vows were taken, or vows previously taken were renewed, they were offered to the festival. The priestly family conducting events would provide about twelve lambs, together with rice, bread, and Arab butter, for a communal meal every day.[3]

Writing in the early 20th century, Samuel Curtiss recorded that an estimated 15,000[15] people from all over the country attended the Nabi Musa festival every year.[16] For some years from 1919, pilgrims made their trek back from Jericho to Jerusalem to the sound of English military music.[17] The festival was suppressed when Jordan assumed administration over the West Bank in the aftermath of 1948 Arab-Israeli war, because of its symbolic value as a vehicle for potential expressions of political protest. Since 1995, control over the tomb of Nabi Musa has been allocated to the Palestinian National Authority.[18]

Descriptions[edit]

Prelude to the 1920 Nebi Musa riots. Nabi Musa festival, Jerusalem, 1920.

The journalist Philip Perceval Graves, the brother of the poet and mythographer Robert Graves, gave a vivid description of the colorful re-entry of worshipers back from the countryside into Jerusalem as they passed through the Jaffa gates:

As they entered the old city, the enthusiasm of the crowds reached its highest intensity. Men with the set blank stare of extreme excitement danced round and round, bareheaded, their long locks flying wildly as they revolved. . . Last came the green banner of Hebron surrounded by a guard of ten wiry swordsmen. Proudly they walked with their flag, until they came to where the narrow Street of David plunges down into the labyrinth of the old city. For the last time they whirled their bright blades above their heads and disappeared into the shadows of the streets.[19]

A photo of one stage of the procession may be seen in George Aaron Barton's A Year's Wandering in Bible Lands, Ferris & Leach, 1904 p. 200

In Letters from Jerusalem: During the Palestine Mandate, Eunice Holliday describes the procession to the Tomb of Moses in a letter to her mother as follows:

"The procession was the queerest thing I have ever seen, a more disorganised affair you could not imagine, but then that is typical of the country. The people came along in batches, just a crowd with banner of silk, of all colours, then a crowd dancing - Arabic dancing is a joke - then a crowd singing and waving swords or sticks and, interspersed, groups of mounted police and soldiers to see there was no fighting. Quite the nicest part of the day was to see all the fellaheen (peasants from the villages) in their new clothes. The colours were wonderful, bright pink, purple or blue velvet coats, yellow dresses with embroideries in red and green et cetera, and all wore a white veil. It was a gorgeous site [...]"[20]

Moses rocks[edit]

Negev Bedouin tribes produced oil from the bituminous shale rocks found in the area around the shrine to Moses which they called "Moses rocks" (Arabic: احجار موسى‎, ihjar Mousa). The Bedouin not only shared in the belief surrounding the sanctity of the site, but further believed that God had blessed this place where Moses was buried with 'fire rocks' and water wells. Tawfiq Canaan, in his work Mohammedan Saints and Sanctuaries (1927), noted that the black rocks around the shrine would burn when placed in fire and were also used as amulets after being cut into square and triangular forms and inscribed with protective talismans.[21]

Burial place[edit]

Muslims believe that the grave of Moses is located at Maqam El-Nabi Musa which lies 11 km (6.8 mi) south of Jericho and 20 km (12 mi) east of Jerusalem in the Judean wilderness.[22] A side road to the right of the main Jerusalem-Jericho road, about 2 km (1.2 mi) beyond the sign indicating sea level, leads to the site. The Fatimid, Taiyabi and Dawoodi Bohra sects also believe in the same.[23] In contrast, the biblical book of Deuteronomy records that Moses was buried "in the valley in the land of Moab opposite Beth-peor" (east of the Jordan River) and that "no one knows the place of his burial to this day".[24]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nabi Musa Profile. Jerusalem Media and Communications Center. 2007-02-09. Retrieved on 2012-07-04.
  2. ^ For Moses as nabi in Islamic holy scripture see Quran 19:51 (glossed by rasul ‘messenger’). For 'nabi’ in the Hebrew Scriptures see, for example, Numbers 12:6-8. The word comes from a Semitic root meaning 'to gush forth'. For a survey of the philological evidence see G Johannes Botterweck, Helmer Ringgren, Heinz-Josef Fabry, Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing 1998 pp.135ff.140f.
  3. ^ a b Samuel Curtiss (2005). Primitive Semitic Religion Today. Kessinger Publishing. pp. 163–4. ISBN 1-4179-7346-3.  Originally published by Fleming H. Revell 1902
  4. ^ Rivka Gonen, Contested Holiness: Jewish, Muslim, and Christian Perspectives on the Temple, KTAV Publishing House 2003 p.138
  5. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). p. 115. Retrieved on 2012-07-04
  6. ^ Jerome Murphy-O’Conner, The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from Earliest Times to 1700, Oxford University Press 1998 p.369
  7. ^ Uri M. Kupferschmidt. The Supreme Muslim Council: Islam Under the British Mandate for Palestine, Brill, 1987 p.231
  8. ^ Yehoshua Frenkel,’The Impact of the Crusades on Rural Society and Religious Endowments: The Case of Medieval Syria (Bilad al-Sham),’ in Yaacov Lev (ed.) War and Society in the Eastern Mediterranean,7th.-15th Centuries, (The Medieval Mediterranean:Peoples, Economies and Cultures,400-1453, vol.9) Brill, 1997 pp237-248 p.246
  9. ^ Eric Hobsbawn and Terence Ranger (eds) The Invention of Tradition Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York 1983 pp.1-14
  10. ^ Jerome Murphy-O’Conner, The Holy Land ibid. pp.369-370
  11. ^ Roger Friedland and Richard Hecht, "The Nebi Musa Pilgrimage and the Origins of Palestinian Nationalism," in Pilgrims and Travelers to the Holy Land, ed. Bryan F. Le Beau and Menachem Mor (Omaha, Nebr.: Creighton University Press, 1996), pp. 89-118.
  12. ^ Jerome Murphy-O’Conner, The Holy Land ibid. pp.369-370
  13. ^ Ilan Pappé,The Rise and Fall of the Husainis (Part 1), Autumn 2000, Issue 10, Jerusalem Quarterly
  14. ^ Ted Swedenburg, ‘The Role of the Palestinian Peasantry in the Great Revolt (1936-1939)' Chapter 7 pp.129-167 in Ilan Pappé (ed.), The Israel/Palestine Question, Routledge, London 1999 pp.137-138
  15. ^ The Nabi Musa festival numbers compare well with similar popular events in a much more populous country like Egypt. There some 12,000 Arabs would trudge over the desert south of Cairo to visit, a regional saint’s birthday festival (mulid) in the 1880s. See Elizabeth Longford, A Pilgrimage of Passion, Alfred Knopf, New York 1980 p.240
  16. ^ Curtiss, p.163
  17. ^ Henry Laurens, La Question de Palestine, vol.1, Fayard, Paris, 2002 p.507
  18. ^ Dumper, Michael (2002). The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem in the Middle East. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 147. 
  19. ^ Philip Perceval Graves, Palestine:The Land of Three Faiths, Jonathan Cape, London 1923, cited in Hunt Janin, Four Paths to Jerusalem: Jewish, Christian, Muslim, and Secular Pilgrimages: 1000 BCE to 2001 CE, McFarland, Jefferson, North Carolina 2002 p.193
  20. ^ Eunice Holliday and John C. Holliday (1997). Letters from Jerusalem: During the Palestine Mandate. The Radcliffe Press. pp. 22–23. ISBN 186064085 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  21. ^ Aref Abu-Rabia (2001). A Bedouin Century: Education and Development Among the Negev Tribes in the Twentieth Century. Berghahn Books. p. 57. ISBN 1-57181-832-4. 
  22. ^ Amelia Thomas, Michael Kohn, Miriam Raphael, Dan Savery Raz (2010). Israël & the Palestinian Territories. Lonely Planet. p. 319. ISBN 9781741044560. 
  23. ^ Urbain Vermeulen (2001). Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid, and Mamluk Eras III: Proceedings of the 6th, 7th and 8th International Colloquium Organized at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in May 1997, 1998, and 1999. Peeters Publishers. p. 364. ISBN 9789042909700. 
  24. ^ http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy%2034:5-6&version=ESV

A detailed account of the Nabi Musa festival is to be found, in Arabic, in Kamil al-‘Asali's Mawsim al-Nabi Musa fi Filastin: Tarikh al-mawsim wal-maqam (The Nabi Musa Festival in Palestine: The history of the festival and the shrine) Amman, Dar al-Karmil, 1990.

External links[edit]

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