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Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame Tour!
Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame Tour!
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: The Green Circle
Tracy McGrady
Tracy McGrady's Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: NBA
Allen Iverson’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Allen Iverson’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: OfficialHoophall
2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Class Press Conference and Jacket Presentation
2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Class Press Conference and Jacket Presentation
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: NBA
Shaquille O’Neal’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Shaquille O’Neal’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Nick Galis’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Nick Galis’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: OfficialHoophall
1992 US Olympic "Dream" Team
1992 US Olympic "Dream" Team's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Yao Ming’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Yao Ming’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: OfficialHoophall
2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Press Conference
2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Press Conference
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: MassLive
Reggie Miller
Reggie Miller's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/09/10
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Charles Barkley
Charles Barkley's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Nick Galis
Nick Galis' Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: NBA
Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Yao Ming
Yao Ming's 2016 Hall of Fame Induction Speech
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: NBA
Earvin "Magic" Johnson
Earvin "Magic" Johnson's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: OfficialHoophall
David Robinson
David Robinson's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Mannie Jackson
Mannie Jackson's Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: NBA
Karl Malone
Karl Malone's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Gary Payton
Gary Payton's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2013/09/09
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Naismith Basketball Hall Of Fame /  Springfield Massachusetts | CHRIS AND NIMA
Naismith Basketball Hall Of Fame / Springfield Massachusetts | CHRIS AND NIMA
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Chris and Nima
George McGinnis’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
George McGinnis’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Dennis Rodman
Dennis Rodman's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame Tour
Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame Tour
Published: 2011/06/15
Channel: celticsmaniac18
Scottie Pippen
Scottie Pippen's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: OfficialHoophall
John Stockton
John Stockton's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Robert Hughes’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Robert Hughes’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: OfficialHoophall
George McGinnis
George McGinnis' Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: NBA
Bill Self
Bill Self's Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: NBA
Tom Izzo’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Tom Izzo’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: OfficialHoophall
All-Access: 2017 Hall of Fame
All-Access: 2017 Hall of Fame
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: NBA
Dikembe Mutombo
Dikembe Mutombo's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2015/09/12
Channel: OfficialHoophall
A quick tour of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
A quick tour of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: MassLive.com
Jerry Krause’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Jerry Krause’s Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: OfficialHoophall
2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement -Sportainment TV
2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement -Sportainment TV
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Sportainment TV
Larry J. Bird
Larry J. Bird's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/06/01
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Meadowlark Lemon
Meadowlark Lemon's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/03/21
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Rebecca Lobo
Rebecca Lobo's Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: WNBA
Basketball Hall of Fame | FHD
Basketball Hall of Fame | FHD
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: Feherfolia2
NBA Referee Darell Garretson Inducted into Naismith Memorial Basketball  Hall of Fame
NBA Referee Darell Garretson Inducted into Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: NBA
Pat Riley
Pat Riley's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/03/06
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Sarunas Marciulionis
Sarunas Marciulionis' Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2014/08/10
Channel: OfficialHoophall
All-Access: 2016 Hall of Fame
All-Access: 2016 Hall of Fame
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: NBA
Don Nelson
Don Nelson's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/09/10
Channel: OfficialHoophall
William T. "Bill" Walton
William T. "Bill" Walton's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/04/25
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Sheryl Swoopes’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Sheryl Swoopes’ Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Donald L. "Don" Haskins
Donald L. "Don" Haskins' Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Dwyane Wade Congratulates Tracy McGrady - Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame 2017
Dwyane Wade Congratulates Tracy McGrady - Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame 2017
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: MFM
Drazen Petrovic
Drazen Petrovic's Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: OfficialHoophall
Tracy McGrady headlines 2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame class
Tracy McGrady headlines 2017 Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame class
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: CBS Sports
Artis Gilmore Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Artis Gilmore Basketball Hall of Fame Enshrinement Speech
Published: 2012/02/17
Channel: OfficialHoophall
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.jpg
Established 1959
Location Springfield, Massachusetts
Type Professional sports hall of fame
President John Doleva
Website Official website

The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 1000 Hall of Fame Avenue in Springfield, Massachusetts. It serves as the sport's most complete library, in addition to promoting and preserving the history of basketball. Dedicated to Canadian physician and inventor of the sport James Naismith, it was opened and inducted its first class in 1959.

As of the induction of the Class of 2016 on September 9, 2016, the Hall has formally inducted 354 individuals.

History of the Springfield building[edit]

The Naismith Hall of Fame was established in 1959 by Lee Williams, a former athletic director at Colby College. In the 1960s, the Basketball Hall of Fame struggled to raise enough money for the construction of its first facility. However, during the following half-decade the necessary amount was raised, and the building opened on Feb. 17, 1968, less than one month after the National Basketball Association played its 18th All-Star Game. The Basketball Hall of Fame's Board named four inductees in its first year. In addition to honoring those who contributed to basketball, the Hall of Fame sought to make contributions of its own. In 1979, the Hall of Fame sponsored the Tip-Off Classic, a pre-season college basketball exhibition. This Tip-Off Classic has been the start to the college basketball season ever since, and although it does not always take place in Springfield, Massachusetts, generally it returns every few years.

In the 17 years that the original Basketball Hall of Fame operated at Springfield College, it drew more than 630,000 visitors. The popularity of the Basketball Hall of Fame necessitated that a new facility be constructed, and in 1985, an $11 million facility was built beside the scenic Connecticut River in Springfield. As the new hall opened, it also recognized women for the first time, with inductees such as Senda Berenson Abbott, who first introduced basketball to women at Smith College. During the years following its construction, the Basketball Hall of Fame's second facility drew far more visitors than ever anticipated, due in large part to the increasing popularity of the game but also to the scenic location beside the river and the second Hall's interesting modern architecture.

In 2002, the Basketball Hall of Fame moved again—albeit merely 100 yards south along Springfield's riverfront—into a $47 million facility designed by renowned architects Gwathmey Siegel & Associates. The building's architecture features a metallic silver, basketball-shaped sphere flanked by two similarly symmetrical rhombuses. The dome is illuminated at night and features 80,000 square foot (7,400 m²), including numerous restaurants and an extensive gift shop. The second Basketball Hall of Fame was not torn down but rather converted into an LA Fitness health clubs. The current Basketball Hall of Fame features Center Court, a full-sized basketball court on which visitors can play. Inside the building there are a game gallery, many interactive exhibits, several theaters, and an honor ring of inductees. A large theater for ceremonies seats up to 300. The honorees inducted in 2002 included the Harlem Globetrotters and Magic Johnson, a five-time NBA champion, three-time NBA finals MVP and Olympic gold medalist.[1]

As of 2011, the current Basketball Hall of Fame has greatly exceeded attendance expectations, with basketball fans traveling to the Hall of Fame from all over the world. Despite the new facility's success, a logistical problem remains for the Basketball Hall of Fame and the City of Springfield. The two entities (along with the riverfront area entirely) are separated by the Interstate 91 elevated highway—one of the eastern United States' busiest highways—which, essentially, inhibits foot-traffic and other interaction between the Basketball Hall of Fame and Springfield's increasingly lively Metro Center. Both the Hall and Springfield have made public statements about cooperating further so as to facilitate even more business and recreational growth for both; however the placement and height of Interstate 91 remain physical obstacles. Urban planners at universities such as UMass Amherst have called for the I-91 to be moved, or to be re-configured so as to be pedestrian-friendly to Hall of Fame visitors. In 2010, the Urban Land Institute announced a plan to make the walk between Springfield's Metro Center and the Hall of Fame (and riverfront) easier.[2]

A basketball sculpture soars into the sky above the Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield, Massachusetts.[3]

Criteria for induction[edit]

In contrast to the Pro Football and the National Baseball Halls of Fame, Springfield honors international and American professionals, as well as American and international amateurs, making it arguably the most comprehensive Hall of Fame among major sports. Since 2011, the induction process employs a total of seven committees to both screen and elect candidates. Four of these committees screen prospective candidates:[4]

  • North American Screening Committee (9 members)
  • Women's Screening Committee (7 members)
  • International Screening Committee (7 members)
  • Veterans Screening Committee (7 members), with "Veterans" defined as individuals whose careers ended at least 35 years before they are considered for election.[5]

Since 2011, the Veterans and International Committees also vote to directly induct one candidate for each induction class.[6]

Three committees formed in 2011 directly elect one candidate for each induction class:[6]

  • American Basketball Association Committee - This committee was permanently ceased in 2015 as over the previous five years the ABA Committee had fulfilled its promise.[7]
  • Contributor Direct Election Committee
    • Note that other committees may choose to elect contributors. For example, the 2014 class included two contributors.
  • Early African-American Pioneers of the Game Committee

Individuals who receive at least seven votes from the North American Screening Committee or five votes from one of the other screening committees in a given year are eligible to advance to an Honors Committee, composed of 12 members who vote on each candidate and rotating groups of 12 specialists (one group for female candidates, one group for international candidates, and one group for American and veterans candidates). However, each screening committee is limited as to the number of candidates it can put forth to the Honors Committee—10 from the North American Committee, and two from each other committee. Any individual receiving at least 18 affirmative votes (75% of all votes cast) from the Honors Committee is approved for induction into the Hall of Fame. As long as the number of candidates receiving sufficient votes from a screening committee is not greater than the number of finalists that committee can put forth, advancement to the Honors Committee is generally pro forma, although the Hall's Board of Trustees may remove any candidate who "has damaged the integrity of the game of basketball" from consideration.[dead link][5]

To be considered for induction by a screening committee, a player must be fully retired from play for at least four years (changed from five years in December 2015),[8] while a coach or referee must be fully retired for at least four years[8] or have been active full-time in his/her respective craft on the professional, collegiate or high school level for at least 25 years. No years of service criterion is applied to those who have made a "significant contribution to the game of basketball". Sportswriters and commentators are elected as full-fledged members (in contrast to the Baseball Hall of Fame that places them in separate wings that are not considered in the "real" Hall of Fame).[5]

Controversy[edit]

Controversy has arisen over many aspects of the Hall's voting procedures, including voter anonymity. While sportswriter voters of other major sports' Halls of Fame openly debate their choices, the Naismith Hall does not make the process transparent.[9] The Hall has also been criticized in opinion columns for a tendency to enshrine active collegiate coaches and relatively obscure players while omitting some accomplished players and coaches.[10]

Inductees[edit]

The entrance to the former site of the Basketball Hall of Fame near Metro Center Springfield.

Since 1959, 345 coaches, players, referees, contributors, and teams have been inducted,[11] with the most recent class entering on September 9, 2016.[12] John Wooden, Lenny Wilkens, Bill Sharman, and Tom Heinsohn have each been inducted as both player and coach (Wooden in 1960 and 1973, Sharman in 1976 and 2004, Wilkens in 1989 and 1998, and Heinsohn in 1986 and 2015).[13]

On three occasions, the Hall has inducted new classes without honoring a player – 1965, 1968, and 2007.[14]

Other Hall awards[edit]

In conjunction with the Final Four of each year's men's and women's Division I NCAA basketball tournaments the Naismith Hall gives out several awards to college basketball athletes:

For men, the Hall presents the Bob Cousy Award to the top point guard from among players in Divisions I, II, and III. This award, given since 2004, is voted on by Cousy and a selection of basketball writers, college basketball coaches, sports information directors and fans.

The Hall also presents the Frances Pomeroy Naismith Award to two college seniors—one male player no taller than 72 inches (1.83 m), and one female player no taller than 68 inches (1.73 m)—determined to have been the nation's best student-athletes. The men's award, given since 1969, is voted on by the National Association of Basketball Coaches (NABC), and the women's, given since 1984, by members of the Women's Basketball Coaches Association.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Caroline Thompson (2015-10-14). "The History of Basketball in the 1930s". Livestrong.Com. Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  3. ^ Linn, Charles (January 2003), "Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame", Architectural Record, archived from the original on 2008-07-05 
  4. ^ "Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Announces 12 Finalists for 2011 Election" (Press release). Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. February 18, 2011. Archived from the original on February 22, 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "Guidelines For Nomination and Election Into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on September 4, 2009. Retrieved February 18, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Announces 12 Finalists for 2013 Election" (Press release). Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. February 15, 2013. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Hall of Fame Announces Modifications to its Enshrinement Process". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. December 14, 2015. Archived from the original on 25 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Guidelines For Nomination and Election". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 4 September 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Aschburner, Steve. "Hall of Fame selection process leaves much to be desired". NBA News. NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  10. ^ Ziller, Tom (30 March 2010). "Fans to Vote for Basketball Hall of Fame Inductees". AOL News. Archived from the original on 12 February 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Hall of Famers, Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, 2009
  12. ^ "Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Announces Class of 2013" (Press release). Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. April 8, 2013. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  13. ^ espn.go.com, Mutombo, Johnson, Calipari Among HOF Nominees, accessed February 14, 2015.
  14. ^ hoophall.com, Year By Year Enshrinees into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, accessed February 16, 2008. Archived February 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

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