Croatia - the New Tourism Star of the European Union

Channel: croatia   |   2013/04/24
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Croatia - the New Tourism Star of the European Union
Croatia - the New Tourism Star of the European Union
::2013/04/24::
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Beyonce - Say My Name (Live) @ Arena Zagreb, Croatia, 2013
Beyonce - Say My Name (Live) @ Arena Zagreb, Croatia, 2013
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Romantic Croatia-Music (Mini-Mix) with English translation
Romantic Croatia-Music (Mini-Mix) with English translation
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Croatia Numbers
Croatia Numbers
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WISHBONE ASH - Man With No Name (Live @ Vrsar, Croatia)
WISHBONE ASH - Man With No Name (Live @ Vrsar, Croatia)
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Beyonce- Check On It, Say My Name, Croatia Mrs. Carter Show
Beyonce- Check On It, Say My Name, Croatia Mrs. Carter Show
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Nika_Her name is Love_Dobro jutro Hrvatska HRT
Nika_Her name is Love_Dobro jutro Hrvatska HRT
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Unknown Festival Croatia - Cyril Hahn - Say my name
Unknown Festival Croatia - Cyril Hahn - Say my name
::2013/09/19::
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Zagreb - Croatia Captol Kroatien Hauptstadt (Ružo Hrvatska)
Zagreb - Croatia Captol Kroatien Hauptstadt (Ružo Hrvatska)
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Croatia - Active holidays
Croatia - Active holidays
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Jon Bon Jovi - Zagreb Croatia | You Give Love A Bad Name
Jon Bon Jovi - Zagreb Croatia | You Give Love A Bad Name
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Croatia Squad - All Alone (Original Mix)
Croatia Squad - All Alone (Original Mix)
::2014/04/09::
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Split-✓ Hrvatska -✓ Croatia ♢ Ασπάλαθος HD
Split-✓ Hrvatska -✓ Croatia ♢ Ασπάλαθος HD
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Zadar Entrance,Croatia 7 10 2013 who ever tells me the name of the song in the background gets 1.25$
Zadar Entrance,Croatia 7 10 2013 who ever tells me the name of the song in the background gets 1.25$
::2013/10/21::
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Nika_Her name is Love_+ interview_Dobro jutro Hrvatska HRT
Nika_Her name is Love_+ interview_Dobro jutro Hrvatska HRT
::2008/03/28::
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Croatia: the monk island | European Journal
Croatia: the monk island | European Journal
::2013/01/17::
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Imperia Online:NO NAME Croatia/Serbia 1
Imperia Online:NO NAME Croatia/Serbia 1
::2013/08/15::
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Love from Osijek, Slavonia, Croatia
Love from Osijek, Slavonia, Croatia
::2012/06/25::
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Bon Jovi - You Give Love A Bad Name (Live in Zagreb, Croatia) OFFICIAL VIDEO HQ audio
Bon Jovi - You Give Love A Bad Name (Live in Zagreb, Croatia) OFFICIAL VIDEO HQ audio
::2011/07/16::
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Beyoncé - Say My Name - Mrs. Carter Show - Arena Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia 2013
Beyoncé - Say My Name - Mrs. Carter Show - Arena Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia 2013
::2013/04/18::
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Mali Losinj - Croatia Travel Guide, Tourism and Vacation
Mali Losinj - Croatia Travel Guide, Tourism and Vacation
::2013/09/16::
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22
Postcard of Župa Dubrovačka (Croatia)
Postcard of Župa Dubrovačka (Croatia)
::2012/02/14::
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23
U2 - Where The Streets Have No Name - Zagreb, Croatia, 10. 8. 2009, 360° Tour
U2 - Where The Streets Have No Name - Zagreb, Croatia, 10. 8. 2009, 360° Tour
::2009/08/11::
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Vis Island - Croatia Travel Guide, Tourism and vacation
Vis Island - Croatia Travel Guide, Tourism and vacation
::2013/09/08::
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25
Eric Saade Happy Name Day from Serbia,B&H,Croatia and Macedonia xD
Eric Saade Happy Name Day from Serbia,B&H,Croatia and Macedonia xD
::2012/05/18::
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Soundwave Croatia 2013 Highlights
Soundwave Croatia 2013 Highlights
::2013/12/04::
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Lacemaking in Croatia
Lacemaking in Croatia
::2009/09/26::
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Exploring Tiny but Beautiful Cavtat, Croatia
Exploring Tiny but Beautiful Cavtat, Croatia
::2011/09/08::
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Croatia with Discover the World Cruising
Croatia with Discover the World Cruising
::2013/05/03::
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30
Bon Jovi - You Give Love a Bad Name - live in Zagreb, Croatia
Bon Jovi - You Give Love a Bad Name - live in Zagreb, Croatia
::2011/06/11::
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31
Croatia - where the streets have no name
Croatia - where the streets have no name
::2010/05/11::
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32
U2 - Where The Streets Have No Name (Live in Zagreb, Croatia 10-08-2009)
U2 - Where The Streets Have No Name (Live in Zagreb, Croatia 10-08-2009)
::2009/08/20::
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33
Croatia Salsa Split Festival: Beach party by SalsaSplit.com
Croatia Salsa Split Festival: Beach party by SalsaSplit.com
::2012/04/26::
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My new life in Croatia ( MOJ NOVI ŽIVOT U HRVATSKOJ)
My new life in Croatia ( MOJ NOVI ŽIVOT U HRVATSKOJ)
::2013/11/07::
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FIFA 13 My FUT Best Croatian Team / Hrvatska
FIFA 13 My FUT Best Croatian Team / Hrvatska
::2012/12/10::
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Kayaking in the Zrmanja River - Croatia
Kayaking in the Zrmanja River - Croatia
::2013/07/11::
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How to Pronounce Hrvatska
How to Pronounce Hrvatska
::2013/03/04::
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U2 - Pride (In the name of love), Zagreb, Croatia, 10.8.2009.
U2 - Pride (In the name of love), Zagreb, Croatia, 10.8.2009.
::2009/08/11::
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Animal Names - Crunk Crunk Croatia
Animal Names - Crunk Crunk Croatia
::2014/01/29::
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Let
Let's Play Crusader Kings 2 - Part 41 (Croatia)
::2012/05/09::
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U2 - Pride (In the Name of Love) - Zagreb, Croatia, 10. 8. 2009, 360° Tour
U2 - Pride (In the Name of Love) - Zagreb, Croatia, 10. 8. 2009, 360° Tour
::2009/08/11::
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42
Croatia 2009 "Blessed Be the Name"
Croatia 2009 "Blessed Be the Name"
::2013/04/29::
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Travel Zone - Croatia, Bribirska Glavica, Dalmatia
Travel Zone - Croatia, Bribirska Glavica, Dalmatia
::2013/09/22::
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Motovun, Croatia: Istria
Motovun, Croatia: Istria's Top Hill Town
::2012/05/02::
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Skaut - "Prolazna" Croatia Records
Skaut - "Prolazna" Croatia Records
::2013/08/29::
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46
God.name Dobro Jutro Hrvatska
God.name Dobro Jutro Hrvatska
::2012/12/02::
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Split, Croatia 1 - Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Split, Croatia 1 - Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
::2013/06/29::
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48
Soundwave Croatia 2012 Highlights
Soundwave Croatia 2012 Highlights
::2013/02/20::
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Martinis Marchi Solta Croatia
Martinis Marchi Solta Croatia
::2013/07/23::
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ULTRA MUSIC FESTIVAL 2013 | EUROPE | Aftermovie HD
ULTRA MUSIC FESTIVAL 2013 | EUROPE | Aftermovie HD
::2013/07/27::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The name of Croatia derives from Medieval Latin Croātia, itself a derivation of the native Slavic ethnonym, earlier Xъrvat(in)ъ and modern-day Croatian: Hrvat.

Earliest record[edit]

The first attestation of the term is in the charter of duke Trpimir from 852 AD, whose original has been lost but a copy has been preserved from 1568 (Lujo Margetić has proposed in 2002 that the document is in fact of legislative character, dating to AD 840[1]). The oldest stone inscription is the Branimir Inscription (found in Šopot near Benkovac), where Duke Branimir is mentioned:

BRANIMIRO COM ... DUX CRUATORVM COGIT...

The Old Croatian ethnonym *xъrvatъ (hŭrvatŭ) is of variant stem, and is attested in the earliest Croatian written monument, the Baška tablet from 1100 AD: zvъnъmirъ kralъ xrъvatъskъ ("Zvonimir, king of Croats").

The first foreign-language sources that unambiguously mention the name Croat were written in the 10th century, in the documents of Split Church Councils and the De administrando imperio, written by Byzantine emperor Constantine VII.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The exact origin of the ethnonym Hrvat (Proto-Slavic *Xъrvatъ, Old Church Slavonic: Xъrvatinъ[3]) is not known.

The most widely held theory by Croatian linguists is that of the connection with an Iranian name,[3] based on the Old Persian toponym Harahvat-, the native name of Arachosia. "Arachosia" is the Latinized form of Greek Ἀραχωσία – Arachosíā. In Old Persian inscriptions, the region is referred to as Harahuvatiš (harauvatiiša, from h-r-u-v-t-i-, corresponding to Vedic Sarasvatī).[4] The derivation from the Old Persian /xaraxwat-/ is usually cited as being substantiated by a 3rd-century "Scythian" form /xoroaθ-/ (ΧΟΡΟΑΘΟΣ) attested in the Tanais Tablets, an inscription from Tanais.[citation needed]

The Medieval Latin name "Croātia" is derived from North-West Slavic xrovat-, by liquid metathesis from Common Slavic *xorvat-, from Proto-Slavic *xarwāt-.

There are still numerous attempts to derive the name from alternative origins; Gołąb (1990) proposes a borrowing from Proto-Germanic that came to mean "warriors clad with horn-armour". According to this scenario, an exonym C(h)rovati, Xrōbátoi, Hrváti etc. over time was adopted as a self-designation.

Distribution[edit]

Croatian place names can be found in northern Slavic regions such as Moravia and Slovakia, along the river Saale in Germany, in Austria and Slovenia, and in the south in Greece and Albania.[5]

Thus in the Duchy of Carinthia one can find Hrvatski kotar and Chrowat along upper Mura; in Middle Ages the following place names have been recorded: Krobathen, Krottendorf, Krautkogel; Kraut near Spittal. In the Duchy of Styria there are toponyms such as Chraberstorf, Krawerspach, Chrawat, etc.

In Slovenia there are Hrovate and Hrovača. In Germany along Saale there were Chruuati, Churbate, and Korbetha, west of Leipzig.

In the southern Balkans, the Republic of Macedonia has a place named Arvati (Арвати) situated near lower Prespa; in Greece there is a Charváti (Χαρβάτι) in Attica and another in Argolis, as well as Charváta (Χαρβάτα) on Crete;[6] and in Albania, Hirvati.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Antić, Sandra-Viktorija (November 22, 2002). "Fascinantno pitanje europske povijesti" [Fascinating question of European history]. Vjesnik (in Croatian). 
  2. ^ Ivo Goldstein: Hrvatski rani srednji vijek, Novi Liber, Zagreb, 1995. ISBN 953-6045-02-8
  3. ^ a b Gluhak (1993)
  4. ^ "The same region appears in the Avestan Vidēvdāt (1.12) under the indigenous dialect form Haraxvaitī- (whose -axva- is typical non-Avestan)." Schmitt, Rüdiger (1987), "Arachosia", Encyclopædia Iranica 2, New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, pp. 246–247 
  5. ^ Ivo Goldstein: Hrvatska povijest, Novi Liber, Zagreb, 2003. ISBN 953-6045-22-2
  6. ^ Vasmer (1941)

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

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