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Nat Adderley Septet - Don
Nat Adderley Septet - Don't Look Back 1976 (FULL ALBUM)
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Anti Hero
Nat Adderley  Cantaloupe Island
Nat Adderley Cantaloupe Island
Published: 2013/12/27
Channel: groove addict
Cannonball Adderley Quintet "Work Song"
Cannonball Adderley Quintet "Work Song"
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: cyberpunkieSFC
Nat Adderley Jazzfestival Bern 1987
Nat Adderley Jazzfestival Bern 1987
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: Groove Jazz
The Cannonball Adderley/ Nat Adderley Quintet – What Is This Thing Called Soul (Full Album)
The Cannonball Adderley/ Nat Adderley Quintet – What Is This Thing Called Soul (Full Album)
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: TheNada73
The Nat Adderley Sextet - Soul Zodiac (1972)
The Nat Adderley Sextet - Soul Zodiac (1972)
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Pedro Nóbrega
Nat Adderley - Orange Blossom Bebop
Nat Adderley - Orange Blossom Bebop
Published: 2014/11/16
Channel: wasaexpress
Nat Adderley   Work Song
Nat Adderley Work Song
Published: 2012/11/24
Channel: Mike Trumpet
HD - Nat Adderley Quintet - The Old Country
HD - Nat Adderley Quintet - The Old Country
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: pnojazz
Nat Adderley - Blue Brass Groove (1959)
Nat Adderley - Blue Brass Groove (1959)
Published: 2011/01/30
Channel: John Rutledge
Nat Adderley - You, Baby
Nat Adderley - You, Baby
Published: 2010/12/12
Channel: Szubrawiec
Nat Adderley - Sack Of Woe
Nat Adderley - Sack Of Woe
Published: 2011/09/18
Channel: ErickJMora
Nat Adderley - Call me [1966]
Nat Adderley - Call me [1966]
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: Kombi du Reggae
Luther Vandross - Superstar feat. Nat Adderley, Jr. (Live at Radio City Music Hall 2003)
Luther Vandross - Superstar feat. Nat Adderley, Jr. (Live at Radio City Music Hall 2003)
Published: 2013/08/11
Channel: MissSweetness969
Nat Adderley   Comin
Nat Adderley Comin' out the shadows
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: FunkyChickenAllStars
HD - Nat Adderley Quintet - One For Daddy-O
HD - Nat Adderley Quintet - One For Daddy-O
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: pnojazz
Big
Big 'E' by Nat Adderley
Published: 2011/08/17
Channel: MrMusicismagic
Nat Adderley ‎– The Scavenger (1968)
Nat Adderley ‎– The Scavenger (1968)
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Pedro Nóbrega
[Bootleg] Nat Adderley Quintet Live in Tampa FL, 1982
[Bootleg] Nat Adderley Quintet Live in Tampa FL, 1982
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: bernie's bootlegs & more
Nat Adderley  "Work Song"
Nat Adderley  "Work Song"
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: griffon jazz
Nat Adderley - El Chico
Nat Adderley - El Chico
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: SpazioSonoro
Cannonball Adderley   Jive Samba   1963
Cannonball Adderley Jive Samba 1963
Published: 2012/02/05
Channel: OMelhordoJazz
Nat Adderley - Electric Eel
Nat Adderley - Electric Eel
Published: 2013/06/18
Channel: Nick Smith
Nat Adderley - Violets For Your Furs
Nat Adderley - Violets For Your Furs
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: rujazzka
One for Daddy O ( Nat Adderley)
One for Daddy O ( Nat Adderley)
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: Brittany Barrera
Nat Adderley Quintet with Vincent Herring - This I Dig Of You
Nat Adderley Quintet with Vincent Herring - This I Dig Of You
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: rujazzka
Nat Adderley - Naturally
Nat Adderley - Naturally
Published: 2013/08/14
Channel: Erlendur Svavarsson
1986 - Luther Vandross - Rehearsal with Marcus Miller & Nat Adderly Jr
1986 - Luther Vandross - Rehearsal with Marcus Miller & Nat Adderly Jr
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: DJ_Fobtronics
Nat Adderley LONELINESS
Nat Adderley LONELINESS
Published: 2011/12/29
Channel: arvo1303
Nat Adderley, Jr. live at Anthology in San Diego - March 17, 2010
Nat Adderley, Jr. live at Anthology in San Diego - March 17, 2010
Published: 2010/03/20
Channel: Anthology San Diego
The Old Country - Nat Adderley (Jazz Guitar cover + lesson)
The Old Country - Nat Adderley (Jazz Guitar cover + lesson)
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: FilippaQ
Nat Adderley Qartets - Seventh Son
Nat Adderley Qartets - Seventh Son
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Bob Lee
Ann Springs by Nat Adderley
Ann Springs by Nat Adderley
Published: 2014/04/12
Channel: MrMusicismagic
Cannonball Adderley Quintet - Jeannine (Live Video 1962)
Cannonball Adderley Quintet - Jeannine (Live Video 1962)
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Bob the Juke
Nat Adderley ~ I Married An Angel
Nat Adderley ~ I Married An Angel
Published: 2009/04/19
Channel: 1gregsobek
The Nat Adderley Sextet -  Aquarius 1972
The Nat Adderley Sextet - Aquarius 1972
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: aquarianrealm
Nat Adderley - In A Silent Way
Nat Adderley - In A Silent Way
Published: 2011/03/24
Channel: paynicmuzik
Work song (Nat Adderley) played on my
Work song (Nat Adderley) played on my '72 fender jazz bass
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: djazzdoublebass
Nat Adderley - Scrambled Eggs
Nat Adderley - Scrambled Eggs
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: BD Music
Blue Concept by Nat Adderley
Blue Concept by Nat Adderley
Published: 2011/09/03
Channel: MrMusicismagic
Work Song (Nat Adderley / Oscar Brown Jr.)
Work Song (Nat Adderley / Oscar Brown Jr.)
Published: 2009/10/03
Channel: Dale Rabic
Nat Adderley - New Arrival
Nat Adderley - New Arrival
Published: 2010/04/14
Channel: brassgolem
Nat Adderley - Rise, Sally Rise
Nat Adderley - Rise, Sally Rise
Published: 2009/07/16
Channel: Newmaidumosa
The Old Country - Nat Adderley Autobiography
The Old Country - Nat Adderley Autobiography
Published: 2013/05/11
Channel: Susumu Murakoshi
1958 Cannonball & Nat Adderley + Jimmy Cleveland + Billy Taylor -5 items
1958 Cannonball & Nat Adderley + Jimmy Cleveland + Billy Taylor -5 items
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: hoffmannjazz
Nat Adderley - I
Nat Adderley - I've Got A Crush On You
Published: 2011/10/29
Channel: Marcin Nitschke
Nat Adderley quintet - Work song
Nat Adderley quintet - Work song
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: arjan934
The Cannonball Adderley Quintet / Nat Adderley / Work Song
The Cannonball Adderley Quintet / Nat Adderley / Work Song
Published: 2011/02/03
Channel: JazzysClassicJazz
Nat Adderley Autumn Leaves Live At Sweet Basil
Nat Adderley Autumn Leaves Live At Sweet Basil
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: jorge perez
Work Song   Nat Adderley 1960 Alto Sax
Work Song Nat Adderley 1960 Alto Sax
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Sergey Brazhnik
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Nat Adderley
19930225 nat adderley braunschweig museum.jpg
Adderley performing in Braunschweig in 1993
Background information
Born (1931-11-25)November 25, 1931
Tampa, Florida, U.S.
Died January 2, 2000(2000-01-02) (aged 68)
Lakeland, Florda
Genres Jazz
Occupation(s) Musician, composer
Instruments Trumpet, cornet
Labels Savoy, Wing, EmArcy, Riverside, Jazzland, Atlantic, Milestone
Associated acts Cannonball Adderley, Johnny Griffin, Ron Carter, Sonny Fortune

Nat Adderley (November 25, 1931 – January 2, 2000)[1] was an American jazz trumpeter.[2] He was the brother of saxophonist Julian "Cannonball" Adderley, whom he remained very close to in his career but under whose shadow he lived for most of his life.[1]

Adderley's "Work Song" is a jazz standard which also became a success on the pop charts after singer Oscar Brown Jr. wrote lyrics for the tune.

Early life[edit]

Nat Adderley was born in Tampa, Florida, but moved to Tallahassee when his parents were hired to teach at Florida A&M University. His father played trumpet professionally in his younger years, and he passed down his trumpet to Cannonball.[3] When Cannonball picked up the alto saxophone, he passed the trumpet to Nat, who began playing in 1946. He and Cannonball played with Ray Charles in the early 1940s in Tallahassee[4] and in amateur gigs around the area.

Adderley attended Florida University, majoring in sociology with a minor in music.[5] He switched to cornet in 1950 and never turned back. From 1951–1953 he served in the army and played in the army band under his brother, taking at least one tour of Korea before returning to a station in the United States.[6] After returning home, he attended Florida A&M intending to become a teacher.

Shortly before Adderley was expected to begin student teaching, Lionel Hampton played a concert at Florida A&M. Confident in his abilities, he played for Hampton, and Hampton invited him to join the band.[7] Putting school on hold, he played under Hampton from 1954 to 1955, including a European tour. After returning, he intended to go back to school to become a teacher.[5]

Career[edit]

1950s[edit]

The turning point in both Nat and Cannonball's careers occurred on a trip to New York in 1955. The brothers stopped by the Café Bohemia in Greenwich Village when bassist Oscar Pettiford was playing. Both of them showed up ready to play, should the chance occur. Cannonball was asked to sit in as the regular saxophonist was out, and he overwhelmed the musicians. Then Nat was pulled on stage, and everyone was equally impressed .[3] This single appearance was enough to renew their careers. Job offers began pouring in, and Nat recorded for the first time that year.[5]

The brothers moved to New York City to pursue their careers, founding the bop group Cannonball Adderley Quintet in 1956. Due to lack of popular interest, they disbanded the group in 1957. Nat played for trombonist J.J. Johnson for a couple of years and ended up in the Woody Herman sextet. Cannonball rose to higher fame, joining the Miles Davis sextet alongside John Coltrane in time to record the album Kind of Blue.

In 1959 the Cannonball Adderley Quintet reunited for another attempt at popularity. This time around the group was more successful and had its first hit, "This Here", written by pianist Bobby Timmons.[5]. The group's soulful jazz was a hit and became known as soul jazz starting the genre. The quintet also played hard bop, as everyone in the group had been influenced by bebop and wanted to continue a virtuosic tradition. Soul jazz kept the group popular, while hard bop gave the musicians a chance to challenge themselves and demonstrate their abilities.

1960s[edit]

Nat & Cannonball Adderley (Concertgebouw, 1961)

During the 1960s, Adderley acted as cornetist, composer, and essentially as manager to the quintet.[3] While he kept the band in order, he also composed some of the group's most successful songs. His most successful song was "Work Song" – a hard bop tune that is perhaps the most recognizable and widely played tune that he ever wrote. Nat himself suggested that it was his "Social Security song".[5] "Work Song" is now considered a jazz standard, as are many of his other tunes, such as "Jive Samba", a song that grew to popularity due to an easily danceable rhythm and melody, "Hummin'", "Sermonnette", and "The Old Country".[8] His tunes spanned both hard bop and soul jazz, which made him a very versatile, yet underrated and under-recognized, jazz composer.

While he was an integral part of the Cannonball Adderley Quintet, this was not the only project occupying his time in his career as professional jazz musician. Since relocating to New York, he had been recording more than with the groups he was officially a member of.[8] He was actually acting as leader on a large number of recordings during the time, including Work Song, the album that originated his hit tune. During these recordings, he worked with Kenny Clarke, Wes Montgomery, Walter Booker, who became a loyal musician to Nat in later years, and, of course, Cannonball.

Other projects that Nat was working on at the time include his work on the 1966 film A Man Called Adam. In the film, Sammy Davis, Jr.'s character plays the trumpet. Since Davis could not play the trumpet in real life, Nat was hired to ghost everything that the character played.[6] His other significant project during this time was a musical. Along with his brother, he wrote Shout Up a Morning, which is based on the tales of the folk hero John Henry. While this project started as a collaboration, work on the project was interrupted when Cannonball died very suddenly in 1975 from a stroke.[8]

1970s[edit]

After Cannonball's death in 1975, the quintet broke up and the musicians mostly went their separate ways. Not having his brother working alongside him was a bit of a shock for Nat. The careers of these brothers were so heavily intertwined that it was difficult for to find a steady place for a while, so Nat started to work furiously. Immediately after the death, Nat started to travel around Europe as a headliner.[7] Headlining was not a new experience for Nat; he had headlined many albums already, but he was never as big of a name as his brother. Nat took a quick tour of Japan, then came back to the United States and taught some courses at Harvard University, all the while performing and recording with his own quintet, including the loyal members Walter Booker and Jimmy Cobb who stayed with the group for a very extended time, as well as alto saxophonist Vincent Herring.[9][6] In this way, Nat was finally able to establish his own name for himself and draw himself out of the wake of Cannonball. Other musicians that Nat worked with in his later years include Ron Carter, Sonny Fortune, Johnny Griffin, and Antonio Hart.[1]

1980s and later years[edit]

Eventually, Adderley came to create the Adderley Brotherhood, a sextet including several members of the Cannonball Adderley Quintet. This group toured Europe in 1980. Shout Up a Morning, after having a concert performance in Carnegie Hall shortly after Cannonball's death, was finally staged in several locations around the United States in 1986.[8] Nat became involved in several other ensembles over the next decade, including the Paris Reunion Band and a group that labeled themselves the Riverside Reunion Band – they were a bop group that formed at the Monterey Jazz Festival in 1993 and then toured Europe in 1994.[6]

Adderley himself enjoyed touring internationally, especially in his older age. He would spend approximately half of his year touring, and the other half at home in Lakeland, Florida, to spend time writing and recording. As he traveled internationally, he noticed that people outside of the United States were much more receptive to jazz. He found that the greatest fans of jazz were in Japan, but Europeans were also enthusiastic about the music. This is why Nat liked touring so much, but touring is a tiresome endeavor. Nat struck a nice balance between travel and spending time domestically. For him, this was an ideal lifestyle.[10]

In 1997, Nat joined the faculty of Florida Southern College as an artist-in-residence. He also helped in the founding and development of the annual Child of the Sun Jazz Festival held annually at the university, which he headlined for over a decade.[11] The same year, he was inducted into the Jazz Hall of Fame in Kansas City.[8]

He lived on 112th Street in Harlem in the 1960s and in Teaneck, New Jersey, in the 1970s, before moving to Lakeland. He also lived near his brother in Corona, Queens.[12]

Death and legacy[edit]

Nat Adderley died as a result of complications from diabetes at the age of 68 in Lakeland, Florida.[13] He was interred near his brother in the Southside Cemetery in Tallahassee, Florida. He was an innovator in the popularization of soul jazz and was one of the most prolific jazz artists of his time, recording nearly 100 albums.[10] He proved that cornet could be a modern jazz instrument.

Style[edit]

Although Adderley started playing trumpet, he switched to the less common cornet. He preferred the darker tone of the conical cornet to the brighter sound of the cylindrical trumpet. He could produce a rich, earthy tone that became his signature, one that could only come from the cornet. He also enjoyed the cornet's historic quality, reinvigorating the instrument played by the founders of Dixieland jazz.[8]

Adderley is widely attributed with the development and establishment of the 1960s style of soul jazz along with the rest of the members Cannonball Adderley Quintet. This style is characterized by simple harmonies, a heavy bluesy feel, catchy melodic riffs, and a presence of the church.[14] The whole point of soul jazz was to bring back a simpler, more palatable and relatable type of jazz that had direct influence from blues and church music.

However, this is not the only style that Adderley wrote and played. The quintet was also widely known for their hard bop, which comprised roughly half of their recorded work.[8] This is a much more rough and edgy style of jazz directly descended from bebop, and virtuosic abilities are required to be able to play the style well.

Therefore, as a soloist and composer, Adderley had a wide range of abilities. He could improvise simpler, more soulful solos for soul jazz numbers, but he could really experiment and show off all of his abilities for hard bop. Especially in playing hard bop, he was not afraid to use the range of the instrument, often playing below the typical cornet range for short bursts, before returning to the normal range. Although his range was starting to fade by the late 1960s, this did not keep him from continuing to play for the rest of his life.[5]The fact that he could adapt to play any style of jazz says more about his capabilities than anything else, explaining why he is considered a prominent and innovative twentieth century jazz musician.

Discography[edit]

As leader[edit]

As sideman[edit]

With Cannonball Adderley

With Gene Ammons

With Kenny Burrell

With Charlie Byrd

  • Top Hat (1975)

With James Clay

With Victor Feldman

With Red Garland

With Bennie Green and Gene Ammons

With Johnny Griffin

With Louis Hayes

With Jimmy Heath

With Milt Jackson

With Budd Johnson

With J. J. Johnson

With Philly Joe Jones

With Sam Jones

With Wynton Kelly

With King Curtis

With Oliver Nelson

With Sal Nistico

With Sonny Rollins

With A. K. Salim

With Don Wilkerson

With Joe Williams

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Yanow, Scott. "Nat Adderley". AllMusic. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Cook, Richard (2005). Richard Cook's Jazz Encyclopedia. London: Penguin Books. p. 4. ISBN 0-141-00646-3. 
  3. ^ a b c Krikorian, Dave. "Adderley, Nat (Nathaniel)". Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Lydon, Michael, Ray Charles: Man and Music, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-97043-1, January 22, 2004.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Yanow, Scott (2001). The Trumpet Kings: The Players who Shaped the Sound of Jazz Trumpet. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 9–10. ISBN 0879306408. 
  6. ^ a b c d DeVeaux, Scott; Barry Kernfeld. Barry Kernfeld, ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. 
  7. ^ a b Moore, Amy J. (April 2000). "Nat Adderley, 1931-2000: In His Own Words". Down Beat. 67 (4): 18–19. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Mathieson, Kenny. "Nat Adderley". Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "Vincent Herring Interview by Alex Henderson". THE NEW YORK CITY JAZZ RECORD. August 2017. pp. 6 & 38. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  10. ^ a b Gannij, Joan (March 1996). "Nat Adderley Calling". Down Beat. 63 (3): 39. 
  11. ^ Graybow, Steve (January 15, 2000). "'Soul Jazz' originator Nat Adderley dies". Billboard. 112 (3): 6. 
  12. ^ Berman, Eleanor (1 January 2006). "The Jazz of Queens Encompasses Music Royalty". old.post-gazette.com. Retrieved 1 October 2009. When the trolley tour proceeds, Mr. Knight points out the nearby Dorie Miller Houses, a co-op apartment complex in Corona where Clark Terry and Cannonball and Nat Adderley lived and where saxophonist Jimmy Heath still resides. 
  13. ^ "Nat Adderley, Jazz Cornetist, Is Dead at 68". The New York Times. January 4, 2000. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  14. ^ Logan, Wendell (Autumn 1984). "The Ostinato Idea in Black Improvised Music: A Preliminary Investigation". The Black Perspective in Music. 12 (2): 193–215. doi:10.2307/1215022. JSTOR 1215022. 


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