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An Introduction to the National Security Council
An Introduction to the National Security Council
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Council on Foreign Relations
Running a National Security Council Meeting
Running a National Security Council Meeting
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Council on Foreign Relations
The National Security Council Interagency Process
The National Security Council Interagency Process
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Council on Foreign Relations
The Role of the National Security Advisor
The Role of the National Security Advisor
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Council on Foreign Relations
White House Seeks to Clarify National Security Council Announcement
White House Seeks to Clarify National Security Council Announcement
Published: 2017/01/31
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Deputy To Michael Flynn Forced Off National Security Council
Deputy To Michael Flynn Forced Off National Security Council
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: New York Daily News
Bannon lands spot in National Security Council
Bannon lands spot in National Security Council
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: CNN
Obama
Obama's National Security Council in question
Published: 2015/11/27
Channel: Fox News
US: Steve Bannon dropped from National Security Council
US: Steve Bannon dropped from National Security Council
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Kerry, National Security Council, Clinton | 6PM wRap
Kerry, National Security Council, Clinton | 6PM wRap
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: Rappler
The President
The President's 2010 National Security Strategy
Published: 2010/05/27
Channel: U.S. Department of State
President Trump removes Stephen Bannon from National Security Council
President Trump removes Stephen Bannon from National Security Council
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: New York Daily News
The National Security Council at 70: Charting the Future of America
The National Security Council at 70: Charting the Future of America's Security
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
Steve Bannon booted from National Security Council
Steve Bannon booted from National Security Council
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Straits Times
Obama Meets With National Security Council
Obama Meets With National Security Council
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: AP Archive
United States National Security Council
United States National Security Council
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: Audiopedia
US national security: Trump set to make key policy speech
US national security: Trump set to make key policy speech
Published: 2017/12/18
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Evan Medeiros of National Security Council discusses US-China relations
Evan Medeiros of National Security Council discusses US-China relations
Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: CGTN America
National Security Council in turmoil amid Flynn departure
National Security Council in turmoil amid Flynn departure
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: PBS NewsHour
President Nixon
President Nixon's Transformation of the National Security Council
Published: 2014/06/04
Channel: Richard Nixon Foundation
President Park chairs Ulchi National Security Council, cabinet meetings
President Park chairs Ulchi National Security Council, cabinet meetings
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Ex-Clinton adviser: Bannon on National Security Council b...
Ex-Clinton adviser: Bannon on National Security Council b...
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: CNN
Former presidents gather for National Security Council meeting
Former presidents gather for National Security Council meeting
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: Manila Bulletin Online
Former National Security Council director on US attack on Syria
Former National Security Council director on US attack on Syria
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: RNZ
USA - National security council meeting
USA - National security council meeting
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Deputy National Security Advisor Rhodes Gives an Overview of 2015 U.S. National Security Strategy
Deputy National Security Advisor Rhodes Gives an Overview of 2015 U.S. National Security Strategy
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: U.S. Department of State
USA: NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL HOLDS EMERGENCY BOSNIA MEETING
USA: NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL HOLDS EMERGENCY BOSNIA MEETING
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
U.N. Security Council Briefing On The U.S. Air Strike In Syria | TIME
U.N. Security Council Briefing On The U.S. Air Strike In Syria | TIME
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: TIME
David Sanger on Flynn resignation, National Security Council turmoil
David Sanger on Flynn resignation, National Security Council turmoil
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: CBS This Morning
President Obama Makes a National Security Personnel Announcement
President Obama Makes a National Security Personnel Announcement
Published: 2013/06/05
Channel: The Obama White House
US National Security Council
US National Security Council
Published: 2012/02/12
Channel: Naimun Conference
Perspectives on the 2018 U.S. National Security Strategy
Perspectives on the 2018 U.S. National Security Strategy
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Center for Strategic & International Studies
Denis McDonough of the National Security Council talks to the Associated Press about some of the cha
Denis McDonough of the National Security Council talks to the Associated Press about some of the cha
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
Bannon Removed From National Security Council
Bannon Removed From National Security Council
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Associated Press
Interview with LtGen HR McMaster, National Security Adviser
Interview with LtGen HR McMaster, National Security Adviser
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: Rappler
United States National Security Council
United States National Security Council
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: WikiWikiup
The President Meets with National Security Leaders
The President Meets with National Security Leaders
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: The Obama White House
Thomas Donilon Discusses US National Security Strategy
Thomas Donilon Discusses US National Security Strategy
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: The Aspen Institute
President Ronald Reagan holds newser to announce National Security Council
President Ronald Reagan holds newser to announce National Security Council's role in Iran-Contra aff
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
Raw: Obama Meets with National Security Council
Raw: Obama Meets with National Security Council
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: Associated Press
Running the World: How Presidents Have Used (or Misused!) the National Security Council
Running the World: How Presidents Have Used (or Misused!) the National Security Council
Published: 2011/01/15
Channel: Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey
United States National Security Council
United States National Security Council
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: WikiTubia
Tokyo launches US-style National Security Council
Tokyo launches US-style National Security Council
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: CGTN
Duterte meets with former presidents at National Security Council meeting
Duterte meets with former presidents at National Security Council meeting
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: Rappler
Will the United States military intervene in Syria?
Will the United States military intervene in Syria?
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Fox Business
Southcom Supports U.S. National Security Objectives
Southcom Supports U.S. National Security Objectives
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: Department of Defense
Top global threats to US national security
Top global threats to US national security
Published: 2016/03/22
Channel: Fox News
US National Security Council Adviser General H.R. McMaster on Trump Admin priorities #CSIS
US National Security Council Adviser General H.R. McMaster on Trump Admin priorities #CSIS
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: Capitol Intel Group/BBN www.capitolintelgroup.com
US vetoes Security Council resolution on Trump
US vetoes Security Council resolution on Trump's Jerusalem move
Published: 2017/12/19
Channel: Al Jazeera English
FNN: Obama Delivers Statement on Fighting ISIS After National Security Council Meeting
FNN: Obama Delivers Statement on Fighting ISIS After National Security Council Meeting
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: FOX 10 Phoenix
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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United States National Security Council
Seal of the Executive Office of the President of the United States 2014.svg
Agency overview
Formed September 18, 1947 (1947-09-18)
Headquarters Eisenhower Executive Office Building
Agency executives
Parent agency Executive Office of the President of the United States
Website National Security Council Website
President Barack Obama at an NSC Meeting in the Situation Room. Participants include Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, Defense Secretary Robert Gates, NSC Advisor Gen. James "Jim" Jones, Director of National Intelligence (DNI) Dennis Blair, Deputy National Security Advisor Tom Donilon, White House Counsel Greg Craig, CIA Director Leon Panetta, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. James Cartwright, and White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel

The White House National Security Council (NSC) is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for consideration of national security and foreign policy matters with senior national security advisors and Cabinet officials and is part of the executive office of the president of the United States. Since its inception under Harry S. Truman, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the president on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the president's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies. The Council has counterparts in the national security councils of many other nations.

History[edit]

The predecessor to the National Security Council was the National Intelligence Authority (NIA) which was established by President Harry S. Truman's Executive Letter of 22 January 1946 to oversee the Central Intelligence Group, the CIA's predecessor. The NIA was composed of the Secretary of State, Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy, and the Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief.

The National Security Council was created in 1947 by the National Security Act. It was created because policymakers felt that the diplomacy of the State Department was no longer adequate to contain the USSR in light of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States.[1] The intent was to ensure coordination and concurrence among the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and other instruments of national security policy such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), also created in the National Security Act. In 2004, the position of Director of National Intelligence (DNI) was created, taking over the responsibilities previously held by the head of CIA, the Director of Central Intelligence, as a cabinet-level position to oversee and coordinate activities of the Intelligence Community.[2]

On May 26, 2009, President Barack Obama merged the White House staff supporting the Homeland Security Council (HSC) and the National Security Council into one National Security Staff (NSS). The HSC and NSC each continue to exist by statute as bodies supporting the President.[3] The name of the staff organization was changed back to National Security Council Staff in 2014.[4]

On January 29, 2017, President Donald Trump restructured the Principals Committee (a subset of the full National Security Council), while at the same time altering the attendance of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Director of National Intelligence.[5] On April 5, 2017, President Trump removed Steve Bannon from the Security Council.[6]

According to a National Security Presidential Memorandum 2, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Director of National Intelligence were to sit on the Principals Committee as and when matters pertaining to them arise, but will remain part of the full National Security Council.[7][8] However, Chief of Staff Reince Priebus clarified the next day that they still are invited to attend meetings.[9] With National Security Presidential Memorandum 4 in April 2017, the Director of National Intelligence and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff “shall” attend Principals Committee meetings and included the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency as a regular attendee.[10] The reorganization also placed the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development as a permanent member of the Deputies Committee, winning moderate praise.[11]

As of 6 April 2017, the White House Chief Strategist has been removed from the National Security Council and the roles of the director of national intelligence, CIA director and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff have been restored to the Principal's Committee.[12]

Detailed history[edit]

For a detailed history of the United States National Security Council by year see:

Authority and powers[edit]

The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of 1947 (PL 235 – 61 Stat. 496; U.S.C. 402), amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 579; 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.). Later in 1949, as part of the Reorganization Plan, the Council was placed in the Executive Office of the President.

The High Value Detainee Interrogation Group also reports to the NSC.[13]

Kill authorizations[edit]

A secret National Security Council panel pursues the killing of an individual, including American citizens, who has been called a suspected terrorist.[14] In this case, no public record of this decision or any operation to kill the suspect will be made available.[14] The panel's actions are justified by "two principal legal theories": They "were permitted by Congress when it authorized the use of military forces against militants in the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001; and they are permitted under international law if a country is defending itself."[14]

National Security Advisor Susan Rice, who has helped codify targeted killing criteria by creating the Disposition Matrix database, has described the Obama Administration targeted killing policy by stating that "in order to ensure that our counterterrorism operations involving the use of lethal force are legal, ethical, and wise, President Obama has demanded that we hold ourselves to the highest possible standards and processes".[15]

Reuters has reported that Anwar al-Awlaki, an American citizen, was on such a kill list and was killed accordingly.[14]

On February 4, 2013, NBC published a leaked Department of Justice memo providing a summary of the rationale used to justify targeted killing of US citizens who are senior operational leaders of Al-Qa'ida or associated forces.[16]

Membership[edit]

The Trump Administration's National Security Council, as per the statute[17], and National Security Presidential Memorandum–4 is chaired by the President. Its members are the Vice President (statutory), the Secretary of State (statutory), the Secretary of Defense (statutory), the Secretary of Energy (statutory), the National Security Advisor (non-statutory), the Attorney General (non-statutory), the Secretary of Homeland Security (non-statutory), the Representative of the United States to the United Nations (non-statutory), and the Secretary of the Treasury (statutory).[18][19]

The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the statutory military advisor to the Council, the Director of National Intelligence is the statutory intelligence advisor, and the Director of National Drug Control Policy is the statutory drug control policy advisor. The Chief of Staff to the President, White House Counsel, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy are also regularly invited to attend NSC meetings. The Attorney General, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency are invited to attend meetings pertaining to their responsibilities. The heads of other executive departments and agencies, as well as other senior officials, are invited to attend meetings of the NSC when appropriate.

Structure of the United States National Security Council[20]
Chairman President
Statutory Attendees[21] Vice President
Secretary of State
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Energy
Military Advisor (and regular attendee) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[22]
Intelligence Advisor (and regular attendee) Director of National Intelligence[22]
Drug Policy Advisor Director of National Drug Control Policy
Regular Attendees National Security Advisor
Deputy National Security Advisor
Homeland Security Advisor
Attorney General
White House Chief of Staff
Additional Participants Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of Homeland Security
White House Counsel
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Assistant to the President for Economic Policy
Ambassador to the United Nations
Director of Office of Management and Budget
Deputy Counsel to the President for National Security Affairs[22]

Principals Committee[edit]

The Principals Committee of the National Security Council is the Cabinet-level senior interagency forum consideration of national security policy issues. The Principals Committee is convened and chaired by the National Security Advisor. The regular attendees of the Principals Committee are the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the White House Chief of Staff, the Director of National Intelligence, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Homeland Security Advisor, and the United States Ambassador to the United Nations.[10]

The White House Counsel, the Deputy Counsel to the President for National Security Affairs, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Deputy National Security Advisor, the Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategy, the National Security Advisor to the Vice President, and the NSC Executive Secretary may also attend all meetings of the Principals Committee. When considering international economic issues, the Principals Committee's regular attendees will include the Secretary of Commerce, the United States Trade Representative, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy.[23]

Deputies Committee[edit]

The National Security Council Deputies Committee is the senior sub-Cabinet interagency forum for consideration of national security policy issues. The Deputies Committee is also responsible for reviewing and monitoring the interagency national security process including for establishing and directing the Policy Coordination Committees.[24] The Deputies Committee is convened and chaired by the Deputy National Security Advisor or the Deputy Homeland Security Advisor.[23]

Regular members of the Deputies Committee are the Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategy, the Deputy Secretary of State, Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, the Deputy Attorney General, the Deputy Secretary of Energy, the Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security, the Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Deputy Director of National Intelligence, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the National Security Advisor to the Vice President, the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, and the Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Invitations to participant in or attend specific meetings are extended to Deputy or Under Secretary level of executive departments and agencies and to other senior officials when relevant issues are discussed. The Executive Secretary and the Deputy White House Counsel also attend. The relevant Senior Director on the National Security Council staff is also invited to attend when relevant.[23]

Policy Coordination Committees[edit]

The Policy Coordination Committees of the National Security Council, established and directed by the Deputies Committee, are responsible for the management of the development and implementation of national security policies through interagency coordination. Policy Coordination Committees are the main day-to-day fora for interagency coordination of national security policy development, implementation and analysis in aide of the Deputies Committee and the Principals Committee. Policy Coordination Committees are chaired by Senior Directors on the National Security Council staff, or sometimes National Economic Council staff, with Assistant Secretary-level officials from the relevant executive department or agency acting as co-chairs.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of American foreign policy, 2nd ed. Vol. 2, New York: Scribner, 2002, National Security Council, 22 April 2009
  2. ^ Directors of Central Intelligence as Leaders of the US Intelligence Community, Douglas F. Garthoff, 2007, cia.gov
  3. ^ Helene Cooper (May 26, 2009). "In Security Shuffle, White House Merges Staffs". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  4. ^ Caitlin Hayden (February 10, 2014). "NSC Staff, the Name Is Back! So Long, NSS" (Press release). WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  5. ^ Merrit Kennedy (January 29, 2017). "With National Security Council Shakeup, Steve Bannon Gets A Seat At The Table". NPR. Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  6. ^ Jennifer Jacobs (April 5, 2017). "Bannon Loses National Security Council Role in Trump Shakeup". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 5, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Presidential Memorandum Organization of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council" (Press release). Office of the Press Secretary. January 31, 2017. Retrieved January 31, 2017. 
  8. ^ Jim Garamone (January 31, 2017). "No Change to Chairman's Status as Senior Military Adviser, Officials Say". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved January 31, 2017. 
  9. ^ Alan Yuhas (January 29, 2017). "Trump chief of staff: defense officials not off NSC after Bannon move". The Guardian. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  10. ^ a b [1] Lawfare Blog NSPM-4: “Organization of the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, and Subcommittees”: A Summary
  11. ^ Scott Morris (February 7, 2017). "Maybe the Trump Administration Just Elevated Development Policy, or Maybe Not". Center for Global Development. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  12. ^ BBC (April 6, 2017). "Steve Bannon loses National Security Council seat". BBC News. Retrieved April 6, 2017. 
  13. ^ Ed Barnes (May 12, 2010). "Elite High Value Interrogation Unit Is Taking Its First Painful Steps". Fox News Channel. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d Mark Hosenball (October 5, 2011). "Secret panel can put Americans on "kill list"". Reuters. Retrieved March 26, 2017. 
  15. ^ John O. Brennan (April 30, 2012). The Efficacy and Ethics of U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy (Speech). Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Retrieved March 26, 2017. 
  16. ^ Lawfulness of a Lethal Operation Directed Against a U.S. Citizen Who Is a Senior Operational Leader of Al-Qa'ida or An Associated Force (PDF) (Report). United States Department of Justice. 
  17. ^ "50 U.S. Code § 3021 - National Security Council". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2018-01-15. 
  18. ^ "National Security Presidential Memorandum–4 of April 4, 2017" (PDF). 
  19. ^ "50 U.S. Code § 3021 - National Security Council". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2018-01-15. 
  20. ^ "Organization of the National Security Council System" (PDF). February 13, 2009. 
  21. ^ "National Security Council". WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c Office of the Press Secretary (January 28, 2017). "Organization of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council" (PDF) (Press release). White House Office. Retrieved March 15, 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c d [2] Federal Register National Security Presidential Memorandum (NSPM-4)
  24. ^ [3] White House Office of the Press Secretary Presidential Memorandum Organization of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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