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Chilenos a la Acción - Anthem of the National Socialist Movement of Chile
Chilenos a la Acción - Anthem of the National Socialist Movement of Chile
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: FBIV
Chilean National Socialist Walks Through Gay Pride Parade
Chilean National Socialist Walks Through Gay Pride Parade
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Dark Hierophant
NSM 25 Point Program National Socialist Movement
NSM 25 Point Program National Socialist Movement
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: NSM IL. Unit
National Socialist Movement nsm88
National Socialist Movement nsm88
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: mutan tv
Chile: Water cannons and tear gas unleashed as students protest in Santiago
Chile: Water cannons and tear gas unleashed as students protest in Santiago
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Ruptly TV
World Awakening - Real National Socialist
World Awakening - Real National Socialist
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Europeans Rise - Worldwide!
Bernie Sanders Chile y EEUU
Bernie Sanders Chile y EEUU
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Valentina Armijo Soto
National Socialist Movement rallies downtown
National Socialist Movement rallies downtown
Published: 2010/08/15
Channel: Knoxville News Sentinel
Chilean Libertarians: Struggling to Win
Chilean Libertarians: Struggling to Win
Published: 2014/02/14
Channel: RevAnd Beer
NSM Movimiento Nacional Socialista Estados Unidos
NSM Movimiento Nacional Socialista Estados Unidos
Published: 2015/04/18
Channel: MieresNR Base Asturias
Populist Movements in Latin America
Populist Movements in Latin America
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: Mike W
Hungarian National Socialist
Hungarian National Socialist 'Pax Hungarica' Waging War Against International Jewry!
Published: 2012/12/01
Channel: c keith
National Socialism , SOLUTION FOR THE WORLD.
National Socialism , SOLUTION FOR THE WORLD.
Published: 2014/04/07
Channel: Soldier Of Wotan
Why Right-Wing Groups Are On The Rise In Europe
Why Right-Wing Groups Are On The Rise In Europe
Published: 2016/03/13
Channel: NowThis World
Chileans: What is your opinion of the presidency of Allende (Chile
Chileans: What is your opinion of the presidency of Allende (Chile's first socialist president)?
Published: 2015/09/05
Channel: Askahispanic
INSP(Iranian national socialist party)
INSP(Iranian national socialist party)
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: IranianNSM
卐 The 25 Points of National Socialism 卐
卐 The 25 Points of National Socialism 卐
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: 卐 Weber 卐
Mexican (Naui) vs National Socialist Movement (white supremacist nazis) part 3 of 8..
Mexican (Naui) vs National Socialist Movement (white supremacist nazis) part 3 of 8..
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Anthony Cenea
National Anthem of the Communitarian National Socialist Party & Republic
National Anthem of the Communitarian National Socialist Party & Republic
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Communitarian National Socialist Republic of the Definitive Community
USA: Swastikas on show at Texas KKK and NSM rally
USA: Swastikas on show at Texas KKK and NSM rally
Published: 2014/11/09
Channel: Ruptly TV
One Hour of Music - Guerrillas of the Americas
One Hour of Music - Guerrillas of the Americas
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: GETchan
Mnsch
Mnsch
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: mohd fahim
#WhiteLivesMatter Rally FAIL
#WhiteLivesMatter Rally FAIL
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: R.epublican FamilyValues
¡Venceremos! - Rare Version
¡Venceremos! - Rare Version
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Commieball
Nacistas Mldc - Airbrk
Nacistas Mldc - Airbrk
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: David W
Lebensstil | Freiheit | LIEBE National Socialism
Lebensstil | Freiheit | LIEBE National Socialism
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Elroy Moolhuijzen
The anthems of chilean socialist organisations
The anthems of chilean socialist organisations
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Robin Hood
Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31
Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: CrashCourse
I Tre Condottieri - Mussolini, Hitler, Franco
I Tre Condottieri - Mussolini, Hitler, Franco
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: FBIV
Shock Doctrine: Pinochet "Work Camps", Reaganomics, Junta & "the Disappeared" (Fascism) 3-6
Shock Doctrine: Pinochet "Work Camps", Reaganomics, Junta & "the Disappeared" (Fascism) 3-6
Published: 2012/02/27
Channel: VampiressOnDaProwlq
Empire Files: The Birth of Chavismo & Its Fight to Survive in Venezuela
Empire Files: The Birth of Chavismo & Its Fight to Survive in Venezuela
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: TeleSUR English
National Socialism and Hellas
National Socialism and Hellas
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Europa erwache
Techno National Socialism
Techno National Socialism
Published: 2011/01/23
Channel: btown2011
National Socialism will not be Implemented, by Buddy Rojek
National Socialism will not be Implemented, by Buddy Rojek
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Brian Ruhe
Testimony of the National Socialist Leadership
Testimony of the National Socialist Leadership
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: THELINDGRENNLIVESON
Håll Fanan Högt - Nordic Resistance
Håll Fanan Högt - Nordic Resistance's Horst Wessel Lied
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: FBIV
Die Blauen Dragoner - German marching song
Die Blauen Dragoner - German marching song
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: FBIV
Rethinking Latin America
Rethinking Latin America's Revolutionary Left: The Chilean MIR Fifty Years Later
Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: CLASBerkeley
National socialism racist and only for whites?
National socialism racist and only for whites?
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Europa, Jeugd, Revolutie!
Gays in National Socialism
Gays in National Socialism
Published: 2011/07/18
Channel: MessengerOfTheGods11
Irish Republican Socialist Movement Tribute
Irish Republican Socialist Movement Tribute
Published: 2008/03/15
Channel: CoveyDoire
The WalkiriaSS - Puto Engendro
The WalkiriaSS - Puto Engendro
Published: 2011/10/01
Channel: Moodinek
Ébredj, Magyar! - Hungarian Arrow Cross Party Anthem
Ébredj, Magyar! - Hungarian Arrow Cross Party Anthem
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: FBIV
Unhappy Fortieth: Australia and the Political Economy of Terror in Chile, 1973-2013
Unhappy Fortieth: Australia and the Political Economy of Terror in Chile, 1973-2013
Published: 2013/09/18
Channel: P Austin
Italian Communist Party Anthem - "Bandiera rossa"
Italian Communist Party Anthem - "Bandiera rossa"
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: DeroVolk
Philippine Jugend Wehrmacht Training
Philippine Jugend Wehrmacht Training
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: John Eichmann
Arab Socialist Ba
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party Song - "Ba'ath Anthem"
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: DeroVolk
Golpe de Estado en Chile 1973 Augusto Pinochet Junta speak after the coup
Golpe de Estado en Chile 1973 Augusto Pinochet Junta speak after the coup
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: wikileaks videos
Italian Horst Wessel Lied - "È l
Italian Horst Wessel Lied - "È l'ora di marciar"
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: DeroVolk
Ain
Ain't I Right - American Anti-Communist song
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: FBIV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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National Socialist Movement of Chile
Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile
Leader Jorge González von Marées
Founded 5 April 1932
Dissolved 1938
Succeeded by Popular Socialist Vanguard
Ideology National Socialism
Corporatism
Political position Far-right
Party flag
Flag of National Socialist Movement of Chile.svg

Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile was a political movement in Chile, during the Presidential Republic Era, which initially supported the ideas of Adolf Hitler, although it later moved towards a more indigenous form of fascism. They were commonly known as Nacistas.[1]

Development[edit]

The movement was formed in April 1932 by General Diaz Valderrama, Carlos Keller (the main ideologue of the group) and Jorge González von Marées, who became leader. The party initially followed the ideas of Nazism closely, stressing anti-Semitism. It received financial support from the German population of Chile and soon built up a membership of 20,000 people. The movement stressed what it saw as the need for one party rule, corporatism and solidarity between classes, and soon set up its own paramilitary wing, the Tropas Nacistas de Asalto.[2]

However support for Hitler was later abandoned, with González von Marées claiming by the late 1930s that the use of the name 'national socialist' had been an error on his part. Anti-semitism was also scaled back, with a more domestic form of fascism being offered instead.[2] Indeed the main ideological inspiration claimed by the group was Diego Portales and the choice of name had to an extent been inspired by the success the Nazis were enjoying in Europe and a desire to tap into their, at the time, high reputation.[1] Initial contact with the NSDAP/AO eventually ended when that group criticised the Nacistas for their lack of commitment to anti-Semitism.[1] Individual members (most notably, Miguel Serrano) continued to look to Adolf Hitler.

Mergers[edit]

The party obtained three deputies (3,5% of the votes) during the 1937 legislative elections.[3] It then merged in 1938 with the Unión Socialista (Socialist Union) to create the Alianza Popular Libertadora (APL) which supported General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's candidacy for the 1938 presidential election. However, fascist elements attempted a coup in September 1938, which was ruthlessly put down at the Seguro Obrero massacre, and led Ibáñez to oppose the National Socialists' choice of Gustavo Ross, leading to indirect support of the Radical Party's candidate, Pedro Aguirre Cerda, who narrowly won the election.[4]

In 1939, some members of the APL created an offshoot, the fascist Vanguardia Popular Socialista, which failed to have any impact, and it was disbanded in 1941 whilst González von Marées was interned. On the other hand, the APL merged in 1945 with the Agrarian Party to form the Partido Agrario Laborista (PAL).[citation needed]

Of the former members of the party only Jorge Prat gained much influence. Publishing a weekly paper, Estanquero, between 1949 and 1954, he served as a cabinet minister in Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's government and attempted to run for President of Chile in 1964.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Max Paul Friedman, Nazis & Good Neighbours, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 52
  2. ^ a b Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism: 1914-1945, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 341
  3. ^ Cruz-Coke, Ricardo. 1984. Historia electoral de Chile. 1925-1973. Editorial Jurídica de Chile. Santiago
  4. ^ Payne, A History of Fascism, p. 342
  5. ^ S. Cerqueira in JP Bernard et al., Guide to the Political Parties of South America, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973, p. 245

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