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Chilenos a la Acción - Anthem of the National Socialist Movement of Chile
Chilenos a la Acción - Anthem of the National Socialist Movement of Chile
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: FBIV
Chilean National Socialist Walks Through Gay Pride Parade
Chilean National Socialist Walks Through Gay Pride Parade
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Dark Hierophant
Welcome To Leith: National Socialist Movement
Welcome To Leith: National Socialist Movement
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: ABC TV
National Socialist Movement holds rally in Toledo
National Socialist Movement holds rally in Toledo
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: NBC 24 WNWO
National Socialist Movement nsm88
National Socialist Movement nsm88
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: mutan tv
Stand Up For Your People! Join The National Socialist Movement!
Stand Up For Your People! Join The National Socialist Movement!
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Frater SataNihil
NSM 25 Point Program National Socialist Movement
NSM 25 Point Program National Socialist Movement
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: NSM IL. Unit
Himno del Frente Orden Nacional (Chilean NS Party) - "Chilenos a la Acción"
Himno del Frente Orden Nacional (Chilean NS Party) - "Chilenos a la Acción"
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: DeroVolk
JORGE GONZALEZ VON MAREES
JORGE GONZALEZ VON MAREES
Published: 2012/02/03
Channel: Fuerzas Armadas de Chile
USA: Swastikas on show at Texas KKK and NSM rally
USA: Swastikas on show at Texas KKK and NSM rally
Published: 2014/11/09
Channel: Ruptly TV
NATIONAL Socialism
NATIONAL Socialism
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Elroy Moolhuijzen
Chileans: What is your opinion of the presidency of Allende (Chile
Chileans: What is your opinion of the presidency of Allende (Chile's first socialist president)?
Published: 2015/09/05
Channel: Askahispanic
One Hour of Music - Guerrillas of the Americas
One Hour of Music - Guerrillas of the Americas
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: GETchan
The Nordic Resistance Movement - National Socialism
The Nordic Resistance Movement - National Socialism
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: EstelleNation
Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31
Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: CrashCourse
Mexican (Naui) vs National Socialist Movement (white supremacist nazis) part 3 of 8..
Mexican (Naui) vs National Socialist Movement (white supremacist nazis) part 3 of 8..
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Anthony Cenea
卐 The 25 Points of National Socialism 卐
卐 The 25 Points of National Socialism 卐
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: 卐 Weber 卐
Fascism vs. National Socialism
Fascism vs. National Socialism
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Axel Noyes
Mnsch
Mnsch
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: mohd fahim
National Socialism
National Socialism
Published: 2016/01/06
Channel: Patrick Rothermel
The difference between National Socialists and Neo Nazis
The difference between National Socialists and Neo Nazis
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: The Creator World Order
National Socialist Movement rallies downtown
National Socialist Movement rallies downtown
Published: 2010/08/15
Channel: Knoxville News Sentinel
Intro and the Alliance of Libertarians and National Socialists
Intro and the Alliance of Libertarians and National Socialists
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: Nationalist Wrath
Nacistas Mldc - Airbrk
Nacistas Mldc - Airbrk
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: David W
National Socialism will not be Implemented, by Buddy Rojek
National Socialism will not be Implemented, by Buddy Rojek
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Brian Ruhe
The anthems of chilean socialist organisations
The anthems of chilean socialist organisations
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Robin Hood
National Anthem of the Communitarian National Socialist Party & Republic
National Anthem of the Communitarian National Socialist Party & Republic
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Communitarian National Socialist Republic of the Definitive Community
Neo-Nazi and Ku Klux Klan groups rally in Charlotte, North Carolina
Neo-Nazi and Ku Klux Klan groups rally in Charlotte, North Carolina
Published: 2012/11/11
Channel: QNotes Video
National Socialist message to the World . Buddy Rojek NS politician
National Socialist message to the World . Buddy Rojek NS politician
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Buddy Rojek
Chilean political parties ready for general elections
Chilean political parties ready for general elections
Published: 2013/05/03
Channel: TeleSUR English
The Cold War: Crash Course US History #37
The Cold War: Crash Course US History #37
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: CrashCourse
National Socialism and Hellas
National Socialism and Hellas
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Europa erwache
INSP(Iranian national socialist party)
INSP(Iranian national socialist party)
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: IranianNSM
ANTIFA runs away from 1 national socialist
ANTIFA runs away from 1 national socialist
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Jew Kikeberg
Chile Mine Collapse - 2010  | Today In History | 5 Aug 17
Chile Mine Collapse - 2010 | Today In History | 5 Aug 17
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: AP Archive
Golpe de Estado en Chile 1973 Augusto Pinochet Junta speak after the coup
Golpe de Estado en Chile 1973 Augusto Pinochet Junta speak after the coup
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: wikileaks videos
Testimony of the National Socialist Leadership
Testimony of the National Socialist Leadership
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: THELINDGRENNLIVESON
Håll Fanan Högt - Nordic Resistance
Håll Fanan Högt - Nordic Resistance's Horst Wessel Lied
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: FBIV
National socialism racist and only for whites?
National socialism racist and only for whites?
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Europa, Jeugd, Revolutie!
Songs of the International Revolution (1917-2017)
Songs of the International Revolution (1917-2017)
Published: 2017/11/07
Channel: GETchan
Die Blauen Dragoner - German marching song
Die Blauen Dragoner - German marching song
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: FBIV
Gays in National Socialism
Gays in National Socialism
Published: 2011/07/18
Channel: MessengerOfTheGods11
#WhiteLivesMatter Rally FAIL
#WhiteLivesMatter Rally FAIL
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: R.epublican FamilyValues
Fé, Sangre, Victoria - Mexican National Synarchist Song
Fé, Sangre, Victoria - Mexican National Synarchist Song
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: FBIV
Neo-Nazis vs. National Socialists
Neo-Nazis vs. National Socialists
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: NatSoc Revival
Antifascists Attack Greek National Socialist Party Offices
Antifascists Attack Greek National Socialist Party Offices
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: GreekReporter
Quilapayun - ¡Venceremos!
Quilapayun - ¡Venceremos!
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Commieball
Venezuela: End Stage Socialism
Venezuela: End Stage Socialism
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: LibertyPen
Ύμνος 21ης Απριλίου - Anthem of Greece (1967-1974)
Ύμνος 21ης Απριλίου - Anthem of Greece (1967-1974)
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: FBIV
Divina Patria - Italian Song
Divina Patria - Italian Song
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: FBIV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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National Socialist Movement of Chile
Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile
Leader Jorge González von Marées
Founded 5 April 1932
Dissolved 1938
Succeeded by Popular Socialist Vanguard
Ideology National Socialism
Corporatism
Political position Far-right
Party flag
Flag of National Socialist Movement of Chile.svg

Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile was a political movement in Chile, during the Presidential Republic Era, which initially supported the ideas of Adolf Hitler, although it later moved towards a more indigenous form of fascism. They were commonly known as Nacistas.[1]

Development[edit]

The movement was formed in April 1932 by General Diaz Valderrama, Carlos Keller (the main ideologue of the group) and Jorge González von Marées, who became leader. The party initially followed the ideas of Nazism closely, stressing anti-Semitism. It received financial support from the German population of Chile and soon built up a membership of 20,000 people. The movement stressed what it saw as the need for one party rule, corporatism and solidarity between classes, and soon set up its own paramilitary wing, the Tropas Nacistas de Asalto.[2]

However support for Hitler was later abandoned, with González von Marées claiming by the late 1930s that the use of the name 'national socialist' had been an error on his part. Anti-semitism was also scaled back, with a more domestic form of fascism being offered instead.[2] Indeed the main ideological inspiration claimed by the group was Diego Portales and the choice of name had to an extent been inspired by the success the Nazis were enjoying in Europe and a desire to tap into their, at the time, high reputation.[1] Initial contact with the NSDAP/AO eventually ended when that group criticised the Nacistas for their lack of commitment to anti-Semitism.[1] Individual members (most notably, Miguel Serrano) continued to look to Adolf Hitler.

Mergers[edit]

The party obtained three deputies (3,5% of the votes) during the 1937 legislative elections.[3] It then merged in 1938 with the Unión Socialista (Socialist Union) to create the Alianza Popular Libertadora (APL) which supported General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's candidacy for the 1938 presidential election. However, fascist elements attempted a coup in September 1938, which was ruthlessly put down at the Seguro Obrero massacre, and led Ibáñez to oppose the National Socialists' choice of Gustavo Ross, leading to indirect support of the Radical Party's candidate, Pedro Aguirre Cerda, who narrowly won the election.[4]

In 1939, some members of the APL created an offshoot, the fascist Vanguardia Popular Socialista, which failed to have any impact, and it was disbanded in 1941 whilst González von Marées was interned. On the other hand, the APL merged in 1945 with the Agrarian Party to form the Partido Agrario Laborista (PAL).[citation needed]

Of the former members of the party only Jorge Prat gained much influence. Publishing a weekly paper, Estanquero, between 1949 and 1954, he served as a cabinet minister in Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's government and attempted to run for President of Chile in 1964.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Max Paul Friedman, Nazis & Good Neighbours, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 52
  2. ^ a b Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism: 1914-1945, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 341
  3. ^ Cruz-Coke, Ricardo. 1984. Historia electoral de Chile. 1925-1973. Editorial Jurídica de Chile. Santiago
  4. ^ Payne, A History of Fascism, p. 342
  5. ^ S. Cerqueira in JP Bernard et al., Guide to the Political Parties of South America, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973, p. 245

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