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Chilean National Socialist Walks Through Gay Pride Parade
Chilean National Socialist Walks Through Gay Pride Parade
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Dark Hierophant
National Socialist Movement rallies downtown
National Socialist Movement rallies downtown
Published: 2010/08/15
Channel: Knoxville News Sentinel
Nacistas Mldc - Airbrk
Nacistas Mldc - Airbrk
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: David W
USA: Swastikas on show at Texas KKK and NSM rally
USA: Swastikas on show at Texas KKK and NSM rally
Published: 2014/11/09
Channel: Ruptly TV
Mexican (Naui) vs National Socialist Movement (white supremacist nazis) part 3 of 8..
Mexican (Naui) vs National Socialist Movement (white supremacist nazis) part 3 of 8..
Published: 2012/11/17
Channel: Anthony Cenea
Bernie Sanders Chile y EEUU
Bernie Sanders Chile y EEUU
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Valentina Armijo Soto
Revolution 9/11 [40 years of Chilean freedom!]
Revolution 9/11 [40 years of Chilean freedom!]
Published: 2013/09/11
Channel: Kelthuzzar
Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31
Latin American Revolutions: Crash Course World History #31
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: CrashCourse
Golpe de Estado en Chile 1973 Augusto Pinochet Junta speak after the coup
Golpe de Estado en Chile 1973 Augusto Pinochet Junta speak after the coup
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: wikileaks videos
National Anthem of the III Reich (1933-1945) - "Horst Wessel Lied"
National Anthem of the III Reich (1933-1945) - "Horst Wessel Lied"
Published: 2013/03/31
Channel: DeroVolk
Anarchism and Social Struggle in Chile
Anarchism and Social Struggle in Chile
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: Providence IWW
Populist Movements in Latin America
Populist Movements in Latin America
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: Mike W
One Hour of Music - Guerrillas of the Americas
One Hour of Music - Guerrillas of the Americas
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: GETchan
Horst-Wessel-Lied - Wehrmacht Marching to Anthem of Nazi Germany
Horst-Wessel-Lied - Wehrmacht Marching to Anthem of Nazi Germany
Published: 2014/04/06
Channel: RevolutionaryHistory
Italian Horst Wessel Lied - "È l
Italian Horst Wessel Lied - "È l'ora di marciar"
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: DeroVolk
Phil Ochs 1973 Interview on Nixon, Watergate, & Travels in S. America
Phil Ochs 1973 Interview on Nixon, Watergate, & Travels in S. America
Published: 2015/08/06
Channel: Vic Sadot
SYND 19-3-72 ITALIAN NEO-FASCIST SOCIALIST MOVEMENT HOLD RALLY
SYND 19-3-72 ITALIAN NEO-FASCIST SOCIALIST MOVEMENT HOLD RALLY
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
National Socialism is Real Socialism - Socially Minded Nationalism
National Socialism is Real Socialism - Socially Minded Nationalism
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: The Greatest Story Never Told
Remembering Fidel Castro who made Cuba a model for other countries
Remembering Fidel Castro who made Cuba a model for other countries
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: CGTN America
The anthems of chilean socialist organisations
The anthems of chilean socialist organisations
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Robin Hood
The WalkiriaSS - Puto Engendro
The WalkiriaSS - Puto Engendro
Published: 2011/10/01
Channel: Moodinek
CHILE MAY DAY POLICE UNLEASH WATER CANNONS EXCLUSIVE FOOTAGE: INTERNATIONAL PROTEST & RIOTS
CHILE MAY DAY POLICE UNLEASH WATER CANNONS EXCLUSIVE FOOTAGE: INTERNATIONAL PROTEST & RIOTS
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: A Entertainment
National Anthem of National Socialist States of America
National Anthem of National Socialist States of America
Published: 2012/12/29
Channel: MonarchNacho
Håll Fanan Högt - Nordic Resistance
Håll Fanan Högt - Nordic Resistance's Horst Wessel Lied
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Fascistball IV
Tito Perdue - The Ills of Equality & Extreme Democracy - Hour 1
Tito Perdue - The Ills of Equality & Extreme Democracy - Hour 1
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Red Ice TV
Arab Socialist Ba
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party Song - "Ba'ath Anthem"
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: DeroVolk
Venezuela: End Stage Socialism
Venezuela: End Stage Socialism
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: LibertyPen
Red Hollywood and the hope of Europe
Red Hollywood and the hope of Europe
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: FascismforNerds
Venceremos
Venceremos
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: YugoslavianHeroes 1943
Project Cybersyn and Military Fridges: Citation Needed 4x02
Project Cybersyn and Military Fridges: Citation Needed 4x02
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Tom Scott
Two women the frontrunners in election for Lima mayor
Two women the frontrunners in election for Lima mayor
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: AP Archive
American Imperialism - Iran, Vietnam, Chile: Stephen Kinzer on Overthrow Part 2
American Imperialism - Iran, Vietnam, Chile: Stephen Kinzer on Overthrow Part 2
Published: 2015/09/05
Channel: Massachusetts School of Law at Andover
How CIA Covert Operations Work: The Angolan Civil War
How CIA Covert Operations Work: The Angolan Civil War
Published: 2012/06/02
Channel: The Film Archives
Himno de la Unidad Popular de Chile
Himno de la Unidad Popular de Chile
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: RnRConnection
Salvador Allende
Salvador Allende's Party Hymn {Russian} - "Мы победим!" ("¡Venceremos!")
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: DeroVolk
Global Capitalism: Nationalism & Scapegoating Foreigners [February 2017]
Global Capitalism: Nationalism & Scapegoating Foreigners [February 2017]
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: Democracy At Work
19 Facts about Fidel Castro
19 Facts about Fidel Castro
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: 1 Mega Videos Channel
Himno Nacional de Chile - Chile National Anthem
Himno Nacional de Chile - Chile National Anthem
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: Xaviera Cárdenas
Cuba
Cuba's Fidel Castro dies aged 90 - life highlights - who's Fidel Castro
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: MAYO MAYO
Plastic Bullets - Gerry MacGregor
Plastic Bullets - Gerry MacGregor
Published: 2009/12/10
Channel: Moravian1297
RELATIVES OF THE DISAPPEARED PROTEST NEW FILM ABOUT DICTATOR
RELATIVES OF THE DISAPPEARED PROTEST NEW FILM ABOUT DICTATOR
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
A People
A People's History of the United States: An Insightful Analysis of Important Events (2000)
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Way Back
Thousands protest referendum to approve reform of constitution
Thousands protest referendum to approve reform of constitution
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Vale Pat Geraghty
Vale Pat Geraghty
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Maritime Union of Australia
Naomi Klein on How to Resist Trump
Naomi Klein on How to Resist Trump's Shock Politics
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Democracy Now!
NSSN lobby of TUC - Socialist Party video
NSSN lobby of TUC - Socialist Party video
Published: 2011/09/21
Channel: Socialist Party
Harvey Goldberg Lectures! Marxism and History Vietnam Part Three 1945-1954
Harvey Goldberg Lectures! Marxism and History Vietnam Part Three 1945-1954
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Matthew Siegfried
Italian Social Republic (1943-1945) "Giovinezza" (Modern version)
Italian Social Republic (1943-1945) "Giovinezza" (Modern version)
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Norwegian Baron
Remembering Fidel Castro
Remembering Fidel Castro
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Rememberingthepassed
National Anthem of the Italian Social Republic (1943-1945) - "Giovinezza"
National Anthem of the Italian Social Republic (1943-1945) - "Giovinezza"
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: DeroVolk
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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National Socialist Movement of Chile
Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile
Leader Jorge González von Marées
Founded 5 April 1932
Dissolved 1938
Succeeded by Popular Socialist Vanguard
Ideology National Socialism
Corporatism
Right-wing populism
Political position Far-right
Party flag
Flag of National Socialist Movement of Chile.svg

Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile was a political movement in Chile, during the Presidential Republic Era, which initially supported the ideas of Adolf Hitler, although it later moved towards a more indigenous form of fascism. They were commonly known as Nacistas.[1]

Development[edit]

The movement was formed in April 1932 General Diaz Valderrama, Carlos Keller (the main ideologue of the group) and Jorge González von Marées, who became leader. The party initially followed the ideas of Nazism closely, stressing anti-Semitism. It received financial support from the German population of Chile and soon built up a membership of 20,000 people. The movement stressed what it saw as the need for one party rule, corporatism and solidarity between classes, and soon set up its own paramilitary wing, the Tropas Nacistas de Asalto.[2]

However support for Hitler was later abandoned, with González von Marées claiming by the late 1930s that the use of the name 'national socialist' had been an error on his part. Anti-semitism was also scaled back, with a more domestic form of fascism being offered instead.[2] Indeed the main ideological inspiration claimed by the group was Diego Portales and the choice of name had to an extent been inspired by the success the Nazis were enjoying in Europe and a desire to tap into their, at the time, high reputation.[1] Initial contact with the NSDAP/AO eventually ended when that group criticised the Nacistas for their lack of commitment to anti-Semitism.[1] Individual members (most notably, Miguel Serrano) continued to look to Adolf Hitler.

Mergers[edit]

The party obtained three deputies (3,5% of the votes) during the 1937 legislative elections.[3] It then merged in 1938 with the Unión Socialista (Socialist Union) to create the Alianza Popular Libertadora (APL) which supported General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's candidacy for the 1938 presidential election. However, fascist elements attempted a coup in September 1938, which was ruthlessly put down at the Seguro Obrero massacre, and led Ibáñez to oppose the National Socialists' choice of Gustavo Ross, leading to indirect support of the Radical Party's candidate, Pedro Aguirre Cerda, who narrowly won the election.[4]

In 1939, some members of the APL created an offshoot, the fascist Vanguardia Popular Socialista, which failed to have any impact, and it was disbanded in 1941 whilst González von Marées was interned. On the other hand, the APL merged in 1945 with the Agrarian Party to form the Partido Agrario Laborista (PAL).[citation needed]

Of the former members of the party only Jorge Prat gained much influence. Publishing a weekly paper, Estanquero, between 1949 and 1954, he served as a cabinet minister in Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's government and attempted to run for President of Chile in 1964.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Max Paul Friedman, Nazis & Good Neighbours, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 52
  2. ^ a b Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism: 1914-1945, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 341
  3. ^ Cruz-Coke, Ricardo. 1984. Historia electoral de Chile. 1925-1973. Editorial Jurídica de Chile. Santiago
  4. ^ Payne, A History of Fascism, p. 342
  5. ^ S. Cerqueira in JP Bernard et al., Guide to the Political Parties of South America, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973, p. 245

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