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DATE: 2015/05/12::
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15
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16
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17
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29
How CIA Covert Operations Work: The Angolan Civil War
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30
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31
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33
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34
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DiFilm - Carlos Menem sobre Detencion de Enrique Gorriaran Merlo
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36
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37
Vietnam National Anthem
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DATE: 2014/04/17::
38
National Anthem of Tajikistan (Тоҷикистон) - "Surudi Milli" (Суруди миллӣ)
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DATE: 2015/05/08::
39
Venezuela students against an armored vehicleArmored Car Hire  Executive Protection Venezuela, Vehic
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DATE: 2014/02/24::
40
1971 first Women
1971 first Women's Liberation Movement march - UCL students
DATE: 2014/03/06::
41
Youth and guerrillas in Mexico
Youth and guerrillas in Mexico
DATE: 2008/08/14::
42
The War on Democracy - Introduction
The War on Democracy - Introduction
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43
Mike Malloy: podcast trivia, Buffett rule poll, Nazi lobbyist (April 13, 2012 hour 1 segment 3)
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44
Youth and the Communist Movement - Caleb Maupin at Left Forum
Youth and the Communist Movement - Caleb Maupin at Left Forum
DATE: 2014/06/16::
45
Rahvira - Կռվեցեք Տղերք
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DATE: 2014/05/28::
46
National Shop Stewards Network rally and lobby of Trades Union Congress 2013
National Shop Stewards Network rally and lobby of Trades Union Congress 2013
DATE: 2013/09/11::
47
National Anthem of the Confederate States of America (1861-1865) — "I Wish I Was in Dixie"
National Anthem of the Confederate States of America (1861-1865) — "I Wish I Was in Dixie"
DATE: 2014/05/27::
48
The Traditional May Day Demostrations In Gothenburg
The Traditional May Day Demostrations In Gothenburg
DATE: 2015/05/01::
49
National Anthem of Sweden — "Du Gamla, Du Fria"
National Anthem of Sweden — "Du Gamla, Du Fria"
DATE: 2014/07/05::
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My Experience at Marxism 2012 #1
My Experience at Marxism 2012 #1
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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National Socialist Movement of Chile
Leader Jorge González von Marées
Founded 5 April, 1932
Dissolved 1938
Succeeded by Popular Socialist Vanguard
Ideology National Socialism
Corporatism
Right-wing populism
Political position Far-right
Party flag
Flag of National Socialist Movement of Chile.svg
Politics of Chile
Political parties
Elections

Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile was a political movement in Chile, during the Presidential Republic Era, which initially supported the ideas of Adolf Hitler, although it later moved towards a more indigenous form of fascism. They were commonly known as Nacistas.[1]

Development[edit]

The movement was formed in April 1932 General Diaz Valderrama, Carlos Keller (the main ideologue of the group) and Jorge González von Marées, who became leader. The party initially followed the ideas of Nazism closely, stressing anti-Semitism. It received financial support from the German population of Chile and soon built up a membership of 20,000 people. The movement stressed what it saw as the need for one party rule, corporatism and solidarity between classes, and soon set up its own paramilitary wing, the Tropas Nacistas de Asalto.[2]

However support for Hitler was later abandoned, with González von Marées claiming by the late 1930s that the use of the name 'national socialist' had been an error on his part. Anti-semitism was also scaled back, with a more domestic form of fascism being offered instead.[2] Indeed the main ideological inspiration claimed by the group was Diego Portales and the choice of name had to an extent been inspired by the success the Nazis were enjoying in Europe and a desire to tap into their, at the time, high reputation.[1] Initial contact with the NSDAP/AO eventually ended when that group criticised the Nacistas for their lack of commitment to anti-Semitism.[1] Individual members (most notably, Miguel Serrano) continued to look to Adolf Hitler.

Mergers[edit]

The party obtained three deputies (3,5% of the votes) during the 1937 legislative elections.[3] It then merged in 1938 with the Unión Socialista (Socialist Union) to create the Alianza Popular Libertadora (APL) which supported General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's candidacy for the 1938 presidential election. However, fascist elements attempted a coup in September 1938, which was ruthlessly put down at the Seguro Obrero massacre, and led Ibáñez to oppose the National Socialists' choice of Gustavo Ross, leading to indirect support of the Radical Party's candidate, Pedro Aguirre Cerda, who narrowly won the election.[4]

In 1939, some members of the APL created an off-shoot, the fascist Vanguardia Popular Socialista, which failed to have any impact, and it was disbanded in 1941 whilst González von Marées was interned. On the other hand, the APL merged in 1945 with the Agrarian Party to form the Partido Agrario Laborista (PAL).[citation needed]

Of the former members of the party only Jorge Prat gained much influence. Publishing a weekly paper, Estanquero, between 1949 and 1954, he served as a cabinet minister in Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's government and attempted to run for President of Chile in 1964.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Max Paul Friedman, Nazis & Good Neighbours, Cambridge University Press, 2003, p. 52
  2. ^ a b Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism: 1914-1945, London: Routledge, 2001, p. 341
  3. ^ Cruz-Coke, Ricardo. 1984. Historia electoral de Chile. 1925-1973. Editorial Jurídica de Chile. Santiago
  4. ^ Payne, A History of Fascism, p. 342
  5. ^ S. Cerqueira in JP Bernard et al., Guide to the Political Parties of South America, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973, p. 245

See also[edit]

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