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National Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan) - "中華民國國歌"
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Published: 2014/04/26
Channel: DeroVolk
National Anthem: Taiwan (Republic of China) - 中華民國國歌
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Published: 2016/08/15
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Channel: gudzivyid
National Anthem: Taiwan (Republic of China) - 中華民國國歌 [Instrumental]
National Anthem: Taiwan (Republic of China) - 中華民國國歌 [Instrumental]
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Anthems Therapy
National Anthem of Republic of China 1912-1949 (Rare 192? Video)
National Anthem of Republic of China 1912-1949 (Rare 192? Video)
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: Geumsaegi
National Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan) - "中華民國國歌" (first sung recording 1942)
National Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan) - "中華民國國歌" (first sung recording 1942)
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Anthems Therapy
National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan) - "國旗歌"
National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan) - "國旗歌"
Published: 2014/04/10
Channel: DeroVolk
China National anthem Chinese & English lyrics
China National anthem Chinese & English lyrics
Published: 2010/05/09
Channel: VocalNationalAnthems
中華民國國歌 -- National Anthem of the Republic of China
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Published: 2009/05/30
Channel: LiouTao
Taiwanese National Anthem - "Sānmín Zhǔyì" (ZH/EN)
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Published: 2011/07/17
Channel: jamesblitz90
National Anthem of Republic of China Rare (¿TV Start up?) 1951
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Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Geumsaegi
National Anthem & Military Songs of the Republic of China (196?)
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Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: INVIGORATION
National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China - 中華民國國旗歌 (National Day of the Republic of China 2017)
National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China - 中華民國國旗歌 (National Day of the Republic of China 2017)
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: National Anthem
National Anthem of Republic of China (Taiwan) -
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Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: Russian Trooper
National Anthem of the Republic of China - 中華民國國歌 (National Day of the Republic of China 2017)
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Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: National Anthem
National Anthem of the Republic of China (R.O.C.Ministry of National Defense Symphony Orchestra)
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Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: 中華民國國防部示範樂隊 R.O.C.Ministry of National Defense Symphony Orchestra
The National anthems of the Republic of China and the United States of America
The National anthems of the Republic of China and the United States of America
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: baybimmer
Flag and anthem of the Republic of China (1912-1928)(*1921-1928)
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Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: TheFlag&AnthemGuy
Taiwan (ROC) National Anthem #7 (Aboriginal)
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Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: Claverly
中華民國 國旗歌  National  Flag Anthem of the Republic of China
中華民國 國旗歌 National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China
Published: 2011/10/09
Channel: Starck & Co. 傻塔克音樂
Taiwan ROC National Anthem #3
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Published: 2012/02/20
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MNDSO國防部示範樂隊-中華民國國歌 National Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
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Channel: CGTN
National Anthem of the People
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Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: NationalAnthems
National anthem of The Republic of China (1912-1928) -"卿雲歌“
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National Anthem of China (PRC) - Hymne National Chinois (RPC) [Hong Kong SAR Version]
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Published: 2017/03/04
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National Anthem: Taiwan (Republic of China)
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Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: NATIONAL ANTHEM TV CHANNEL
The National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
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Published: 2017/11/11
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Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: Slower Anthems
National Anthem of the Republic of China (Taiwan) - 中華民國國歌 (taiwan anthem, 중화민국의 국가, 대만의 국가)
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Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: baek Blackbeen
National Anthem of Republic of China Government (1921-1928) - 卿雲歌 (Song To The Auspicious Cloud)
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Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: FosterAnthem
The National Anthem of the Republic of China
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Published: 2006/08/18
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Chinese National Anthem (Instrumental)
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Published: 2014/05/25
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National Anthem of the Republic of China — Stephen Squires & Millar Brass Ensemble
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Published: 2013/01/03
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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National Anthem of the Republic of China
中華民國國歌
National anthem of ROC score.gif
Sheet music

National anthem of the
 Republic of China (Mainland) (1943-49)
 Republic of China (Taiwan) (1945-present)

Lyrics From a speech by Sun Yat-sen, 1924
Music Cheng Maoyun, 1928
Adopted 1928 (de facto, Mainland)
1943 (de jure, Mainland)
1945 (Taiwan)
Relinquished 1949 (Mainland China only)
Audio sample
《中華民國國歌》

The current National Anthem of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國國歌; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúogē) was adopted in 1937; previously, the Song to the Auspicious Cloud was used as the official anthem. The current national anthem remains as the national anthem of the Republic of China government in Taiwan. In mainland China, the anthem serves a historical role. The national anthem of the People's Republic of China is the "March of the Volunteers".

The anthem's words are adapted from a 1924 speech by Sun Yat-sen, via the anthem of the Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang) in 1937. The lyrics relate to how the vision and hopes of a new nation and its people can be achieved and maintained. Informally, the song is sometimes known as San Min Chu-i from its opening line which references the Three Principles of the People (Sanmin Zhuyi), but this name is never used in formal or official occasions.

History[edit]

The text of was the collaboration between several Kuomintang (KMT) party members: Hu Hanmin, Dai Jitao, Liao Zhongkai, and Shao Yuanchong. The text debuted on July 16, 1924, as the opening of a speech by Sun Yat-sen at the opening ceremony of the Whampoa Military Academy. After the success of the Northern Expedition, the Kuomintang party chose the text to be its party anthem and publicly solicited for accompanying music. Cheng Maoyun won in a contest of 139 participants.

On March 24, 1930, numerous Kuomintang party members proposed to use the speech by Sun as the lyrics to the national anthem. The national anthem of the republic was the Song to the Auspicious Cloud. Due to opposition over using a symbol of a political party to represent the entire nation, the National Anthem Editing and Research Committee (國歌編製研究委員會) was set up, which endorsed the KMT party song. On June 3, 1937, the Central Standing Committee (中央常務委員會) approved the proposal, and in 1943, the song officially became the national anthem of the Republic of China.

Lyrics[edit]

National Anthem of the Republic of China
ROCanthemBySunYatSen.jpg
The original Whampoa Military Academy speech in Sun's handwriting.
Traditional Chinese 中華民國國歌
Simplified Chinese 中华民国国歌
Hanyu Pinyin Zhōnghuá Mínguó guógē
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 三民主義
Simplified Chinese 三民主义
Hanyu Pinyin Sānmín Zhǔyì
Literal meaning Three Principles of the People
Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese
(with Hanyu Pinyin)

ㄙㄢㄇㄧㄣˊㄓㄨˇㄧˋㄨˊㄉㄤˇㄙㄨㄛˇㄗㄨㄥ
ㄧˇㄐㄧㄢˋㄇㄧㄣˊㄍㄨㄛˊㄧˇㄐㄧㄣˋㄉㄚˋㄊㄨㄥˊ
ㄦˇㄉㄨㄛㄕˋㄨㄟˋㄇㄧㄣˊㄑㄧㄢˊㄈㄥ
ㄙㄨˋㄧㄝˋㄈㄟˇㄒㄧㄝˋㄓㄨˇㄧˋㄕˋㄘㄨㄥˊ
ㄕˇㄑㄧㄣˊㄕˇㄩㄥˇㄅㄧˋㄒㄧㄣˋㄅㄧˋㄓㄨㄥ
ㄧˋㄒㄧㄣㄧˋㄉㄜˊㄍㄨㄢˋㄔㄜˋㄕˇㄓㄨㄥ

三民(Sānmín)主义(zhǔyì)()(dǎng)(suǒ)(zōng)
()(jiàn)民国(Mínguó)()(jìn)大同(dàtóng)
()(ěr)多士(duōshì)(wèi)(mín)前锋(qiánfēng)
夙夜(Sùyè)(fěi)(xiè)主义(zhǔyì)(shì)(cóng)
(Shǐ)(qín)(shǐ)(yǒng)()(xìn)()(zhōng)
()(xīn)()()贯彻(guànchè)(shǐ)(zhōng)

The lyrics are in classical literary Chinese. For example,

  • ěr () is a literary equivalent of both singular and plural "you" (which are differentiated in modern Chinese) depending on the context. In this case, it is plural "you".
  • fěi () is a classical synonym of "not" ( fēi). And
  • () is a classical, archaic interjection, and is not used in this sense in the modern vernacular language.

In this respect, the national anthem of the Republic of China stands in contrast to the People's Republic of China's "The March of the Volunteers", which was written a few years later entirely in modern vernacular Chinese.

As well as being written in classical Chinese, the national anthem follows classical poetic conventions. The ancient Fu style follows that of a four-character poem, where the last character of each line rhymes in -ong or -eng, which are equivalent in ancient Chinese.

Wade-Giles transliteration[edit]

San-min-chu-yi, Wu-tang so tsung;
yi-chien Min-kuo, yi-chin ta-t'ung.
Tzu erh to-shih, wei min ch'ien-feng;
su-yeh fei hsieh, chu-yi shih ts'ung.
Shih ch'in shih yung, pi hsin pi chung;
yi hsin yi te, kuan-ch'e shih-chung.

IPA transcription[edit]

sánmǐn t͡ʂùî, ǔ tàŋ swò t͡sʊ́ŋ,
ì t͡ɕjɛ̂n mǐnkwǒ, ì t͡ɕîn tâtʰʊ̌ŋ.
t͡sí àɚ twó ʂî, wêi mǐn t͡ɕʰjɛ̌nfə́ŋ;
sû jê fèi ɕjê t͡ʂùî ʂî t͡sʰʊ̌ŋ.
ʂì t͡ɕʰǐn ʂì jʊ̀ŋ, pî ɕîn pî t͡ʂʊ́ŋ;
î ɕín î tɤ̌, kwânt͡ʂʰɤ̂ ʂì t͡ʂʊ́ŋ.

English translations[edit]

The official translation by Du Tingxiu (Th,eodore B. Tu)[1] appears in English-language guides to the ROC published by the government.

Official Literal
San Min Chu-i,

Our aim shall be:
To found a free land,
World peace, be our stand.
Lead on, comrades,
Vanguards ye are.
Hold fast your aim,
By sun and star.
Be earnest and brave,
Your country to save,
One heart, one soul,
One mind, one goal...

Three Principles of the People,

The foundation of our party.
Using [this], [we] establish the Republic;
Using [this], [we] advance into a state of total peace.
Oh, you, righteous men,
For the people, [be] the vanguard.
Without resting day or night,
Follow the Principles.
Swear [to be] diligent; swear [to be] courageous.
Obliged to be trustworthy; obliged to be loyal.
[With] one heart and one virtue,
[We] carry through until the very end.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cassel, Susie Lan (2002). The Chinese in America: A History from Gold Mountain to the New Millennium. Rowman Altamira. p. 279. ISBN 9780759100015. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  • Reed W. L. and Bristow M. J. (eds.) (2002) "National Anthems of the World", 10 ed., London
  • Cassell, p. 526. ISBN 0-304-36382-0

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Song to the Auspicious Cloud
(1913–1928)
Three Principles of the People
1943–present
(1943-1949 in the Mainland)
Succeeded by
March of the Volunteers
(1949-1966 and 1976-today), in the Mainland

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