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Vienna - The Natural History Museum
Vienna - The Natural History Museum
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: Mark Vergeer
Natural History Museum Vienna
Natural History Museum Vienna
Published: 2011/09/27
Channel: NHMWien
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien-Natural History Museum Vienna
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien-Natural History Museum Vienna
Published: 2014/01/06
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Natural History Museum Vienna Austria
Natural History Museum Vienna Austria
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Snowbirds In Training
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Igor Bulat
Vienna, Austria: The Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna, Austria: The Kunsthistorisches Museum
Published: 2010/08/18
Channel: Rick Steves' Europe
Dinosaur robot - Wien Naturhistorisches Museum (Vienna Natural History Museum)
Dinosaur robot - Wien Naturhistorisches Museum (Vienna Natural History Museum)
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: Matheus Iark
150 years of the Ringstrasse – Kunsthistorisches Museum and Museum of Natural History
150 years of the Ringstrasse – Kunsthistorisches Museum and Museum of Natural History
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: Vienna
Vienna Austria, Natural History Museum
Vienna Austria, Natural History Museum
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: Gregors Travelogue
Arsenal Museum, Vienna Austria.
Arsenal Museum, Vienna Austria.
Published: 2015/07/04
Channel: CoolPixx23
Natural History Museum of Vienna
Natural History Museum of Vienna
Published: 2014/03/09
Channel: Enjoyable Journey
Natural History Museum Vienna Austria
Natural History Museum Vienna Austria
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Sini K
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: wiesl01
Museum of Natural History of Vienna
Museum of Natural History of Vienna
Published: 2012/09/06
Channel: Aswan TV
Time to party at the Natural History Museum in Vienna
Time to party at the Natural History Museum in Vienna
Published: 2011/09/14
Channel: The EMBO Meeting
Natural History Museum Vienna
Natural History Museum Vienna
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: Crazy Photographer
Natural History Museum Vienna
Natural History Museum Vienna
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: Enjoyable Journey
www.hello-austria.com:  Natural History Museum Vienna - Part 1
www.hello-austria.com: Natural History Museum Vienna - Part 1
Published: 2010/03/06
Channel: helloaustria
Allosaurus [Natural History Museum Vienna]
Allosaurus [Natural History Museum Vienna]
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: Grgo Petrov
Natural History Museum of Vienna
Natural History Museum of Vienna
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: Natpakhan Khemkhao
Vienna natural history museum
Vienna natural history museum
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Prachi Bharat
Natural History Museum Vienna متحف التاريخ الطبيعي/ ماجدة شريف
Natural History Museum Vienna متحف التاريخ الطبيعي/ ماجدة شريف
Published: 2013/02/02
Channel: majida shareef
Natural History Museum Vienna -  متحف التاريخ الطبيعي بفيينا
Natural History Museum Vienna - متحف التاريخ الطبيعي بفيينا
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: Mohammad Fadl
www.hello-austria.com:  Natural History Museum Vienna - Part 2
www.hello-austria.com: Natural History Museum Vienna - Part 2
Published: 2010/03/06
Channel: helloaustria
Natural History Museum Vienna, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Imagefilm by Hischam Momen
Natural History Museum Vienna, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Imagefilm by Hischam Momen
Published: 2009/07/21
Channel: alpw1234
Natural History Museum Vienna
Natural History Museum Vienna
Published: 2015/07/19
Channel: Bruce Myers
Natural history museum Vienna
Natural history museum Vienna
Published: 2014/02/15
Channel: Tamara Tchabieva
Vienna Natural History Museum
Vienna Natural History Museum
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: no name
Vienna, Museum of Natural History, Kunsthistorisches, and MuseumsQuartier
Vienna, Museum of Natural History, Kunsthistorisches, and MuseumsQuartier
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: A J
NHM - Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria
NHM - Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Donal O
12.27.2011 Travel to Austria -- Natural history museum Vienna
12.27.2011 Travel to Austria -- Natural history museum Vienna
Published: 2012/01/22
Channel: B1u3AnG3L
The Museum of Natural History (Vienna)
The Museum of Natural History (Vienna)
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Shawn Tan
Help us to get the Moon at the Natural History Museum Vienna
Help us to get the Moon at the Natural History Museum Vienna
Published: 2014/12/16
Channel: Ludovic Ferriere
Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria
Museum of Natural History, Vienna, Austria
Published: 2012/05/30
Channel: Joshua G
Military History Museum - Vienna
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Published: 2016/05/22
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Dinosaur at Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Dinosaur at Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: keewaTV
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: rrz518
2014 2 20 WWZY Natural History Museum Of Vienna, by European Architects , Second Life
2014 2 20 WWZY Natural History Museum Of Vienna, by European Architects , Second Life
Published: 2014/02/20
Channel: Zarrakan
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: rrz518
Habsburg bounty at Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Habsburg bounty at Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: RetardWisdom
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: rrz518
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Published: 2010/12/31
Channel: Juliusz Maszloch
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Naturhistorisches Museum/natural historical musem
Published: 2007/10/03
Channel: naniva
Naturhistorisches Museum, Maria-Theresien-Platz, Vienna, Austria
Naturhistorisches Museum, Maria-Theresien-Platz, Vienna, Austria
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Gareth Jones
T-Rex at the Vienna Natural History Museum
T-Rex at the Vienna Natural History Museum
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: Tony McMahon
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
Published: 2009/10/13
Channel: rrz518
Jurassic Park in Natural History Museum Vienna
Jurassic Park in Natural History Museum Vienna
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: sunshy1984
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
The Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (en: Museum of Natural History of Vienna) or NHMW is a large museum located in Vienna, Austria. [1] [2] The collections displayed cover 8,700 m²
Published: 2009/10/12
Channel: rrz518
Vienna - Museum Quarter (Museumsquartier) & History Museums (Kunst, Naturhistorisches) 2015 05 19
Vienna - Museum Quarter (Museumsquartier) & History Museums (Kunst, Naturhistorisches) 2015 05 19
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: Svartmetall Sverige!
Naturhistorisches Museum, Maria-Theresien-Platz, Vienna, Austria
Naturhistorisches Museum, Maria-Theresien-Platz, Vienna, Austria
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Gareth Jones
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Natural History Museum
Naturhistorisches Museum
Wien - Naturhistorisches Museum (1).JPG
Established between 1872 and 1889
Location Vienna, Austria
Director Christian Koeberl
Website nhm-wien.ac.at/en

The Natural History Museum (German: Naturhistorisches Museum) is a large natural history museum located in Vienna, Austria.[1][2] The museum's website provides an overview in the form of a virtual tour.[2]

The museum's earliest collections of artifacts were begun over 250 years ago.[1] Today, its collections on display cover 8,700 square metres (94,000 sq ft).

As of 2011, the museum houses approximately 30 million objects and the number is growing. Behind the scenes, collections comprising some 25 million specimens and artefacts are the essential basis for the work of over 60 staff scientists. Their main fields of research cover a wide range of topics from the origins of the Solar System and the evolution of animals and plants to human evolution, as well as prehistoric traditions and customs.[1]

History[edit]

One of the museum's halls

The museum building opened in 1889 at the same time as the Kunsthistorisches Museum. The two museums have identical exteriors and face each other across Maria-Theresien-Platz. The Museum was built to house the huge collection of the Habsburgs.

Both buildings were built between 1872 and 1891 on the Ringstraße according to plans drawn up by Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer.

The insect collections date from 1793 when Franz I of Austria purchased the scientific collections of Joseph Natterer, Sr. (father of 6-year-old, and later zoologist, Johann Natterer). In 1806 the museum purchased a collection of European insects made by Johann Carl Megerle von Mühlfeld, and Megerle became the first curator of insects.[3] He organised the purchase of the Gundian collection of European butterflies. These old collections with Megerle's specimens were destroyed in October 1848, during a Hofburg fire;[3] however, Johann Natterer's journey to Brazil (1817–1835) had led to an enormous enhancement of the collections: 60,000 insects were a part of the "Brazilian museum" in the "Harrach' house" and escaped the fire.

In 1859, the frigate SMS Novara returned from a world voyage with Georg Ritter von Frauenfeld and Johann Zelebor,[3] and the insects were incorporated in the Vienna collections. These were worked on by Ludwig Redtenbacher (Coleoptera), Friedrich Moritz Brauer (Neuroptera and Diptera), Henri Louis Frederic de Saussure (Hymenoptera excluding Formicidae), Gustav Mayr (Formicidae and Hemiptera), Ignaz Rudolph Schiner (Diptera), C Felder, R. Felder and Alois Friedrich Rogenhofer (Lepidoptera).[3]

The present museum organization dates from 1876. The entomologists Ganglbauer and Karl Holdhaus (Coleoptera), Rogenhofer and Hans Rebel, Josef Emanuel Fischer von Röslerstamm, Josef Johann Mann (Lepidoptera), Franz Friedrich Kohl, Carl Tschek and Maidl (Hymenoptera), Brauer (Diptera and Neuroptera), and Anton Handlirsch (for fossil insects) contributed substantially to the international reputation of the museum.[3]

Building[edit]

Main staircase in the museum building

The main building of the museum is an elaborate palace that has accommodated these constantly growing collections, since opening to the public in 1889 as the Imperial Natural History Museum.[1] However, some of the collections had been moved from even older buildings, such as the Austrian National Library, which contained the Zoology Cabinet (German: Tierkabinett) collections.[3]

The interaction of the building, its ornate decoration, furniture and precious exhibits makes the museum itself an artifact for historical preservation.[1]

Famous and irreplaceable exhibits – for instance, the 25,000-year-old Venus of Willendorf, a copy of the skeleton of a Diplodocus dinosaur (Diplodocus carnegii) (a gift from Andrew Carnegie) and specimens of long-extinct lifeforms such as Steller's sea cow – are displayed across thirty-nine halls. A contemporary presentation of the exhibits, using modern exhibition technology, has been possible without any destruction of the building's historical structures.[1]

Displays[edit]

On the upper floor (Hochparterre) precious stones, minerals (some with origin in old Renaissance collections) and meteorites (the largest display collection in the world) can be seen, along with large dinosaur displays and rare fossils, and along with prehistoric art works: the Venus von Willendorf, the skeleton of Diplodocus, a giant topaz crystal weighing 117 kg (258 lb), and the gemstone-and-diamond bouquet of flowers which Maria Theresia had made as a present for her husband.[2]

The first floor displays the species variety of the animal world, from protozoa to insects to highly developed mammals. Objects over 200 years old are of interest, not only on their own account but also as historical records for the history of science and the art of taxidermy: numerous stuffed animals of species either extinct, or extremely endangered, have made the collections irreplaceable.[2]

Note that some signs and explanations in the museum are in German, while much of the museum is in German and English following a recent renovation.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other major museums in Vienna

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f (in German) NHM-Wien-overview, "Museum of Natural History in Vienna" (overview), Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d NHM-Wien-preview-English, "Museum of Natural History in Vienna" (English overview), Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "History (Hauptframe)" (overview), Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria, 2011, webpage:NHMW-history.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°12′19″N 16°21′36″E / 48.2052°N 16.3599°E / 48.2052; 16.3599

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