Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
K1N Navassa DXpedition video
K1N Navassa DXpedition video
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: Heil Sound Amateur Radio
Navassa Island - Is a secret Island between Jamaica and Haiti!
Navassa Island - Is a secret Island between Jamaica and Haiti!
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: Teach Dem
RSGB Convention lecture 2015 - Navassa Island DXpedition
RSGB Convention lecture 2015 - Navassa Island DXpedition
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: theRSGB
Navassa Island
Navassa Island
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: WikiWikiup
BILL WARREN
BILL WARREN'S NAVASSA ISLAND WEST INDIES
Published: 2010/05/31
Channel: Bill Warren
K1N Navassa DXpedition 2015
K1N Navassa DXpedition 2015
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: mike Snow
Geography Now! Haiti
Geography Now! Haiti
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Geography Now
K1N - The 2015 Navassa Island DXpedition
K1N - The 2015 Navassa Island DXpedition
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: yv4bcd
Navassa Island National Wildlife Refuge
Navassa Island National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
La Navasse PB 10/15
La Navasse PB 10/15
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: Drew Brown
K1N Navassa logged on 80 metres
K1N Navassa logged on 80 metres
Published: 2015/02/07
Channel: mythicalireland
Navassa Island
Navassa Island
Published: 2011/06/04
Channel: abidali226
La Gonave Haiti "The Lost Island"
La Gonave Haiti "The Lost Island"
Published: 2011/12/21
Channel: Dr. Jerry Paz, DDS
K1N Navassa 2015 Pileup Compulation
K1N Navassa 2015 Pileup Compulation
Published: 2015/02/14
Channel: Dave Herbie
KC4DX Navassa Island DXpedition 1972
KC4DX Navassa Island DXpedition 1972
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: Chaz Cone
1978 Navassa Island DX-pedition
1978 Navassa Island DX-pedition
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: J Lind
United States Minor Outlying Islands
United States Minor Outlying Islands
Published: 2014/09/03
Channel: Audiopedia
How to Get Bitcoins in Navassa Island
How to Get Bitcoins in Navassa Island
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: CFD trading strategies for beginners
Navassa Island Anthem
Navassa Island Anthem
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: Music is Love Anthems
HRN 206: Navassa Fever (1972 DXpedition) from HamRadioNow
HRN 206: Navassa Fever (1972 DXpedition) from HamRadioNow
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: HamRadioNow
Navassa Island Flag
Navassa Island Flag
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: Mr. Rungsun Klinkaeo
Assassin
Assassin's Creed 4 - Fort Takeover - Navassa
Published: 2013/11/07
Channel: AFGuidesHD
Navassa Reunion 2017 2
Navassa Reunion 2017 2
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: Hutch hutchins
Navassa Island 2015 DXpedition, and Kenwood TS-520 Update!
Navassa Island 2015 DXpedition, and Kenwood TS-520 Update!
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: K2bew
K1N 02/05/2015 Navassa Island
K1N 02/05/2015 Navassa Island
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Erik Stacey
traveling fans and travelers community -visit navassa island
traveling fans and travelers community -visit navassa island
Published: 2011/04/30
Channel: amrafroto
HRN 205: Dayton DX Forum Part 3 - K1N Navassa on HamRadioNow
HRN 205: Dayton DX Forum Part 3 - K1N Navassa on HamRadioNow
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: HamRadioNow
Bitcoin Trading Platforms in Navassa Island
Bitcoin Trading Platforms in Navassa Island
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: Amish Puhorit
K1N Navassa Island 10 meter
K1N Navassa Island 10 meter
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Erik Stacey
SPARC Open Station Day February 7, 2015 - Contact With Navassa Island
SPARC Open Station Day February 7, 2015 - Contact With Navassa Island
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: andersen1942
Usa territories anthem of navassa island
Usa territories anthem of navassa island
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: Codie Pereira
How to Pronounce Navassa Island - Correct Pronunciation
How to Pronounce Navassa Island - Correct Pronunciation
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: Correct Pronunciation
Bandera e Himno de Isla de Navaza (Estados Unidos) - Flag and Anthem of Navassa Island (USA)
Bandera e Himno de Isla de Navaza (Estados Unidos) - Flag and Anthem of Navassa Island (USA)
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: Banderas e Himnos - Flags and Anthems
How to Remove Negative Google Search Results in Navassa Island
How to Remove Negative Google Search Results in Navassa Island
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: David Goldman
How to Remove Information from the Internet in Navassa Island
How to Remove Information from the Internet in Navassa Island
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Online Reputation Management Techniques by Webcide.com
Art and Music of Navassa Island?
Art and Music of Navassa Island?
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: 500 BAD TRIP QUESTIONS FOR LATE NIGHT LIZARDS
I worked the 2015 Navassa DXPedition!
I worked the 2015 Navassa DXPedition!
Published: 2015/02/07
Channel: shawnpm35
Navassa 2015 K1N
Navassa 2015 K1N
Published: 2015/02/06
Channel: VE3VEE
Digital Reputation Management Company in Navassa Island
Digital Reputation Management Company in Navassa Island
Published: 2017/11/11
Channel: Ripoff Report Complaints Removal
HRN 232: DX - From Navassa to Palmyra (and Beyond) on HamRadioNow
HRN 232: DX - From Navassa to Palmyra (and Beyond) on HamRadioNow
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: HamRadioNow
K1N Navassa Island expedition on 12 meters cw
K1N Navassa Island expedition on 12 meters cw
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: on4cau
Navassa Island K1N at 3725 kHz 13.2.2015 abt 4:30 UTC
Navassa Island K1N at 3725 kHz 13.2.2015 abt 4:30 UTC
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: juktar
K1N Navassa DXpedition DVD Official Trailer
K1N Navassa DXpedition DVD Official Trailer
Published: 2015/11/12
Channel: HamRadioNow
12 Feb 2015 K1N  Navassa Island 10mSSBの信号
12 Feb 2015 K1N  Navassa Island 10mSSBの信号
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: ぱきら
K1N Navassa Island -DX- Querétaro
K1N Navassa Island -DX- Querétaro
Published: 2015/02/07
Channel: equiseuno
K1N Navassa Island 2015 what a shame they won
K1N Navassa Island 2015 what a shame they won't look vk/zl
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: Tommy Horozakis
K1N Navassa Island DQRM Ham 10M Sounds Like CB Radio!
K1N Navassa Island DQRM Ham 10M Sounds Like CB Radio!
Published: 2015/02/08
Channel: coldwar1952
K1N Navassa Island SWL de BX4AG
K1N Navassa Island SWL de BX4AG
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: 林志濠
K1N Navassa Island. From dxing.at-communication.com
K1N Navassa Island. From dxing.at-communication.com
Published: 2014/10/26
Channel: Alexander Teimurazov
K1N Navassa Island 1st day of Operation 2015 Phone 15m
K1N Navassa Island 1st day of Operation 2015 Phone 15m
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: Salvador D
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Navassa Island
l'île de la Navasse
Island
Parts Lulu Town
Location Caribbean Sea
 - coordinates 18°24′10″N 75°0′45″W / 18.40278°N 75.01250°W / 18.40278; -75.01250Coordinates: 18°24′10″N 75°0′45″W / 18.40278°N 75.01250°W / 18.40278; -75.01250
Length 4.7 km (3 mi)
Width 2.1 km (1 mi)
Area 5.4 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population Uninhabited
Animal Wildlife preserve
Material Coral, limestone
Easiest access Offshore anchorage only; steep cliffs make boat landing impossible
Discovered by Christopher Columbus
 - date 1504
FIPS bq
Navassa Island.svg
A map of Navassa Island.
Claimed by Haiti and United States

Navassa Island (/nəˈvæsə/; French: l'île de la Navasse; also La Navasse, La Navase) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. The island is subject to an ongoing territorial dispute between the United States and Haiti. The United States has claimed it since 1857 based on the Guano Islands Act of 1856. It is considered an unorganized unincorporated territory of the United States, which administers it through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[1] Haiti claims sovereignty over Navassa through its constitution, and thus objects to the U.S. claim. Haiti's 1801 constitution claimed "other adjacent islands", in addition to certain named islands. Since its 1874 Constitution, Haiti has explicitly named "la Navase" as one of the territories it claims.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

Geography, topography and ecology[edit]

Navassa Island is about 2 square miles (5.2 km2) in area. It is located 35 miles (56 km) west of Haiti's southwest peninsula,[8][9] 103 miles (166 km) south of the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and about one-quarter of the way from mainland Haiti to Jamaica in the Jamaica Channel.

Navassa reaches an elevation of 250 feet (76 m) at Dunning Hill 110 yards (100 m) south of the lighthouse, Navassa Island Light.[10] This location is 440 yards (400 m) from the southwestern coast or 655 yards (600 m) east of Lulu Bay.

The terrain of Navassa Island consists mostly of exposed coral and limestone,[11] the island being ringed by vertical white cliffs 30 to 50 feet (9.1 to 15.2 m) high, but with enough grassland to support goat herds. The island is covered in a forest of just four tree species: short-leaf fig (Ficus populnea var. brevifolia), pigeon plum (Coccoloba diversifolia), mastic (Sideroxylon foetidissimum), and poisonwood (Metopium brownei).[12][13]

Ecology[edit]

Navassa Island's topography, ecology, and modern history are similar to that of Mona Island, a small limestone island located in the Mona Passage between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, which were once centers of guano mining, and are nature reserves for the United States. Transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island but the island is otherwise uninhabited.[12] It has no ports or harbors, only offshore anchorages, and its only natural resource is guano; economic activity consists of subsistence fishing and commercial trawling activities.[14]

There were eight species of native reptiles, all of which are believed to be, or to have been, endemic to Navassa Island: Celestus badius (an anguid lizard), Aristelliger cochranae (a gecko), Sphaerodactylus becki (a gecko), Anolis longiceps (an anole), Cyclura (cornuta) onchiopsis (a rock iguana), Leiocephalus eremitus (a curly-tailed lizard), Tropidophis bucculentus (a dwarf boa), and Typhlops sulcatus (a tiny snake).[15] Of these the first four remain common with the last four likely extinct.[15] Feral cats, dogs and pigs currently inhabit the island.

History[edit]

Navassa Island is west of Haiti's southwest peninsula, south of Cuba, east of Jamaica.

1504 to 1901[edit]

A satellite image of Navassa Island.
An aerial photo showing the steep rocky coast that rings the island.

In 1504, Christopher Columbus, stranded on Jamaica during his fourth voyage, sent some crew members by canoe to Hispaniola for help. They ran into the island on the way, but it had no water. They called it Navaza (from "nava-" meaning plain, or field), and it was avoided by mariners for the next 350 years.

From 1801 to 1867 the successive constitutions of Haiti claimed national sovereignty over adjacent islands, both named and unnamed, although Navassa was not specifically enumerated until 1874.[2] Despite this implicit claim, Navassa Island was claimed for the United States on September 19, 1857, by Peter Duncan, an American sea captain, under the Guano Islands Act of 1856, for the rich guano deposits found on the island, and for not being within the lawful jurisdiction of any other government, nor occupied by another government's citizens.[1]

Haiti protested the annexation, but on July 7, 1858, U.S. President James Buchanan issued an Executive Order upholding the American claim, which also called for military action to enforce it. Navassa Island has since been maintained by the United States as an unincorporated territory (according to the Insular Cases). The United States Supreme Court on November 24, 1890, in Jones v. United States, 137 U.S. 202 (1890) Id. at 224 found that Navassa Island must be considered as appertaining to the United States, creating a legal history for the island under US law unlike many other islands originally claimed under the Guano Islands Act. As listed in its 1987 constitution, Haiti maintains its claim to the island.

Guano phosphate is a superior organic fertilizer that became a mainstay of American agriculture in the mid-19th century. Duncan transferred his discoverer's rights to his employer, an American guano trader in Jamaica, who sold them to the newly formed Navassa Phosphate Company of Baltimore. After an interruption for the American Civil War, the company built larger mining facilities on Navassa with barrack housing for 140 black contract laborers from Maryland, houses for white supervisors, a blacksmith shop, warehouses, and a church.[16]

Mining began in 1865. The workers dug out the guano by dynamite and pick-axe and hauled it in rail cars to the landing point at Lulu Bay, where it was put into sacks and lowered onto boats for transfer to the Company barque, the S.S. Romance. The living quarters at Lulu Bay were called Lulu Town, as appears on old maps. Railway tracks eventually extended inland.

Hauling guano by muscle-power in the fierce tropical heat, combined with general disgruntlement with conditions on the island, eventually provoked a rebellion in 1889, in which five supervisors died. A U.S. warship returned eighteen of the workers to Baltimore for three separate trials on murder charges. A black fraternal society, the Order of Galilean Fisherman, raised money to defend the miners in federal court, and the defense built its case on the contention that the men acted in self-defense or in the heat of passion, and that the United States did not have jurisdiction over the island.[17][18]

The cases, including Jones v. United States, 137 U.S. 202 (1890) went to the U.S. Supreme Court in October 1890, which ruled the Guano Act constitutional, and three of the miners were scheduled for execution in the spring of 1891. A grass-roots petition driven by black churches around the country, also signed by white jurors from the three trials, reached President Benjamin Harrison, who commuted the sentences to imprisonment and mentioned the case in a State of the Union Address.[17][18] Guano mining resumed on Navassa at a much reduced level. The Spanish–American War of 1898 forced the Phosphate Company to evacuate the island and file for bankruptcy, and the new owners abandoned the island after 1901.

1901 to present[edit]

Navassa Island's lighthouse with the light keeper's quarters in the background.
The ruins of Navassa Light keeper's quarters.

Navassa became significant again with the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914. Shipping between the American eastern seaboard and the Canal goes through the Windward Passage between Cuba and Haiti. Navassa, a hazard to navigation, needed a lighthouse. The U.S. Lighthouse Service built Navassa Island Light, a 162-foot (49-meter) tower on the island in 1917, 395 feet (120 meters) above sea level. A keeper and two assistants were assigned to live there until the United States Lighthouse Service installed an automatic beacon in 1929.[19]

After absorbing the Lighthouse Service in 1939, the U.S. Coast Guard serviced the light twice each year. The U.S. Navy set up an observation post for the duration of World War II. The island has been uninhabited since then. Fishermen, mainly from Haiti, fish the waters around Navassa.

A scientific expedition from Harvard University studied the land and marine life of the island in 1930. After World War II amateur radio operators occasionally visited to operate from the territory, which is accorded "entity" (country) status by the American Radio Relay League.[20] The callsign prefix is KP1.[20] From 1903 to 1917, Navassa was a dependency of the U.S. Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, and from 1917 to 1996 it was under United States Coast Guard administration. Since January 16, 1996, it has been administered by U.S. Department of the Interior.

In 1996 the United States Coast Guard dismantled the light on Navassa. An inter-agency task force headed by the U.S. Department of State transferred oversight of the island to the U.S. Department of the Interior. By Secretary's Order No. 3205 of January 16, 1997, the Interior Department assumed control and placed the island under its Office of Insular Affairs. For statistical purposes, Navassa was grouped with the now-obsolete term United States Miscellaneous Caribbean Islands and is now grouped with other islands claimed by the U.S. under the Guano Islands Act as the United States Minor Outlying Islands.[21]

In 1997 an American salvager made a claim to Navassa to the Department of State based on the Guano Islands Act. On March 27, 1997, the Department of the Interior rejected the claim on the basis that the Guano Islands Act applies only to islands which, at the time of the claim, are not "appertaining to" the United States. The department's opinion said that Navassa is and remains a U.S. possession "appertaining to" the United States and is "unavailable to be claimed" under the Guano Islands Act.[1]

A 1998 scientific expedition led by the Center for Marine Conservation in Washington, D.C. described Navassa as "a unique preserve of Caribbean biodiversity."[14] The island's land and offshore ecosystems have survived the 20th century virtually untouched.[22]

In 1999 the United States Fish and Wildlife Service assumed administrative responsibility for Navassa, which became a National Wildlife Refuge Overlay, also known as Navassa Island National Wildlife Refuge.[23]

The Office of Insular Affairs retains authority for the island's political affairs, and judicial authority is exercised directly by the nearest U.S. Circuit Court. Access to Navassa is hazardous and visitors need permission from the Fish and Wildlife Office in Boquerón, Puerto Rico to enter its territorial waters or land.[12]

Since this change of status, amateur radio operators have repeatedly been denied entry.[20] In October 2014 permission was granted for a two-week DX-pedition in February 2015.[24] The operation made 138,409 contacts.[25]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "GAO/OGC-98-5 - U.S. Insular Areas: Application of the U.S. Constitution". U.S. Government Printing Office. November 7, 1997. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Windows on Haiti: Navassa Island". windowsonhaiti.com. 
  3. ^ Constitution de 1874. Port-au-Prince: Haiti. 
  4. ^ An America Territory in Haiti, Posted September 29, 2011, CNN iReport
  5. ^ Government of Haiti: Geography of Haiti (with French to English translation)[dead link]
  6. ^ Serge Bellegarde (October 1998). "Navassa Island: Haiti and the U.S. – A Matter of History and Geography". windowsonhaiti.com. Retrieved February 6, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Haiti: Constitution, 1987 (English translation)". 
  8. ^ Rohter, Larry (October 19, 1998). "Whose Rock Is It? Yes, the Haitians Care". Port-au-Prince Journal. The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  9. ^ Ewan W. Anderson (27 January 2014). Global Geopolitical Flashpoints: An Atlas of Conflict. Taylor & Francis. pp. 277–. ISBN 978-1-135-94101-7. 
  10. ^ Steven Latta; Christopher Rimmer; Allan Keith; James Wiley; Herbert A. Raffaele, Kent McFarland, Eladio Fernandez (23 April 2010). Birds of the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Princeton University Press. pp. 9–. ISBN 1-4008-3410-4. 
  11. ^ The United States of America. PediaPress. pp. 2066–. 
  12. ^ a b c CoRIS - NOAA's coral reef information system. "Navassa Island". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  13. ^ US Fish & Wildlife Service. "Navassa National Wildlife Refuge". US Fish & Wildlife Service. Retrieved November 17, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Central Intellenge Agency. "The World Factbook - Navassa Island". Central Intellenge Agency. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b Powell, Robert (2003). Reptiles of Navassa Island. Avila University.
  16. ^ Brennen Jensen (March 21, 2001). "Poop Dreams". Baltimore City Paper. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  17. ^ a b https://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5030/pg5030.txt
  18. ^ a b John Pike. "Navassa Island Incident 1889-1891". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  19. ^ Russ Rowlett (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill). "'Navassa Island Lighthouse'". The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved November 17, 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c Joe Phillips (November 2, 2005). "'Ohio DXers Denied Descheo Island (KP5) Landing Permit'". The ARRL Letter Vol 24 No 06. Retrieved November 17, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Warren v. United States". 
  22. ^ Scientists Give Glowing Report of Untouched Island Archived January 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ US Geological Survey(August 2000). "'Navassa Island: A Photographic Tour (1998 - 1999)'". US Geological Survey. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  24. ^ "KP1-5 Project Gets Permission to Activate Navassa Island (KP1) in January 2015". ARRL, the national association for Amateur Radio. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  25. ^ "K1N Navassa Island DXpedition is Ham Radio History". www.arrl.org. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license