1
Nazca Plate and the South American Plate
Nazca Plate and the South American Plate
DATE: 2014/01/15::
2
Earthquakes & Tectonics of Western South America
Earthquakes & Tectonics of Western South America
DATE: 2014/08/25::
3
Why has the Nazca plate slowed since the Neogene?
Why has the Nazca plate slowed since the Neogene?
DATE: 2012/12/03::
4
Pop up Book Nazca Plate Subduction Part 3
Pop up Book Nazca Plate Subduction Part 3
DATE: 2013/06/20::
5
Pop Up Book Nazca Plate Subduction Part 5
Pop Up Book Nazca Plate Subduction Part 5
DATE: 2013/06/20::
6
Pop Up Book Nazca Plate Subduction Part 4
Pop Up Book Nazca Plate Subduction Part 4
DATE: 2013/06/20::
7
Ring of Fire Destructive Forces Surrounding the Pacific Ocean english documentary Part 3
Ring of Fire Destructive Forces Surrounding the Pacific Ocean english documentary Part 3
DATE: 2013/11/19::
8
BRABBU | CASEGOODS NAZCA Sideboard
BRABBU | CASEGOODS NAZCA Sideboard
DATE: 2013/03/14::
9
ApuAhu A Pacific "Atlantis"
ApuAhu A Pacific "Atlantis"
DATE: 2013/07/08::
10
Farallon plate break up (wax model)
Farallon plate break up (wax model)
DATE: 2013/01/25::
11
7.0 Earthquake | Tambo, Peru | August 24, 2014
7.0 Earthquake | Tambo, Peru | August 24, 2014
DATE: 2014/08/24::
12
Pop-up Book Nazca Part 1
Pop-up Book Nazca Part 1
DATE: 2014/01/22::
13
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
DATE: 2014/04/01::
14
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
DATE: 2014/04/01::
15
Pop-up Book Nazca Part 2
Pop-up Book Nazca Part 2
DATE: 2013/06/21::
16
Chile_EQuake_100227.mov
Chile_EQuake_100227.mov
DATE: 2010/02/27::
17
The Pacific Ring of Fire and its Earthquakes
The Pacific Ring of Fire and its Earthquakes
DATE: 2014/02/01::
18
Billy Meier - 222nd Contact 2/3
Billy Meier - 222nd Contact 2/3
DATE: 2010/06/18::
19
TEMBLOR CONCEPCION 02/11/11 EARTHQUAKE CHILE FEBRUARY 27 LIVE FOOTAGE NEWS COVERAGE
TEMBLOR CONCEPCION 02/11/11 EARTHQUAKE CHILE FEBRUARY 27 LIVE FOOTAGE NEWS COVERAGE
DATE: 2011/02/12::
20
Magnitude-8.2 Quake Strikes Northern Chile Caught On Tape 2014-04-01 23:46:46 UTC
Magnitude-8.2 Quake Strikes Northern Chile Caught On Tape 2014-04-01 23:46:46 UTC
DATE: 2014/04/01::
21
Chile Quake On Tape Magnitude 8.8 - 2010 February 27
Chile Quake On Tape Magnitude 8.8 - 2010 February 27
DATE: 2010/02/28::
22
M5.5 - 99km E of Iquique, Chile
M5.5 - 99km E of Iquique, Chile
DATE: 2013/01/13::
23
EarthQuake 8.2 Off Pacific coast S. America Chile Tsunami Alert issued! Apr1 MysterEy1
EarthQuake 8.2 Off Pacific coast S. America Chile Tsunami Alert issued! Apr1 MysterEy1
DATE: 2014/04/01::
24
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
DATE: 2014/04/03::
25
Tiahuanaco Titicaca Connection
Tiahuanaco Titicaca Connection
DATE: 2015/04/05::
26
Ring of Fire Full Documentary
Ring of Fire Full Documentary
DATE: 2015/04/15::
27
Billy Meier - 222nd Contact 1/3
Billy Meier - 222nd Contact 1/3
DATE: 2010/06/18::
28
01 - Asian Tsunami - CBS News - 20041227
01 - Asian Tsunami - CBS News - 20041227
DATE: 2008/10/24::
29
Galapagos Volunteer Experience, Formation of the Islands and volcanoes
Galapagos Volunteer Experience, Formation of the Islands and volcanoes
DATE: 2010/03/15::
30
Traveling in Peru - Lima to the Nazca Lines with a little side trip to Chiclayo
Traveling in Peru - Lima to the Nazca Lines with a little side trip to Chiclayo
DATE: 2011/05/12::
31
Billy Meier - 222nd Contact 3/3
Billy Meier - 222nd Contact 3/3
DATE: 2010/06/18::
32
The Ring of Fire P1
The Ring of Fire P1
DATE: 2010/04/25::
33
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
IMPRESIONANTE TERREMOTO CHILE ARICA - EARTHQUAKE CHILE 01/04/2014
DATE: 2014/04/01::
34
MICRONESIA AND EASTER ISLAND HISTORICAL WONDERS by Kahir
MICRONESIA AND EASTER ISLAND HISTORICAL WONDERS by Kahir
DATE: 2012/09/03::
35
Ring of Fire, 452 Volcanoes Threatens The Pacific: Earthquakes, Tsunamis... [igeoNews]
Ring of Fire, 452 Volcanoes Threatens The Pacific: Earthquakes, Tsunamis... [igeoNews]
DATE: 2013/12/17::
36
Bolivia Chile - Altiplano to Atacama Explorer
Bolivia Chile - Altiplano to Atacama Explorer
DATE: 2014/11/27::
37
Chile Earthquake -- Morgan & Kate
Chile Earthquake -- Morgan & Kate
DATE: 2013/03/19::
38
The Ring of Fire P2
The Ring of Fire P2
DATE: 2010/04/25::
39
FULL EPSIODE 04 Plate Tectonics - Understanding the Earth HD
FULL EPSIODE 04 Plate Tectonics - Understanding the Earth HD
DATE: 2014/04/28::
40
Powerful 8.2 quake triggers tsunami, at least 5 dead
Powerful 8.2 quake triggers tsunami, at least 5 dead
DATE: 2014/05/01::
41
CHILE
CHILE
DATE: 2011/05/30::
42
BREAKING NEWS 6.6 EARTHQUAKE IN PANAMA DECEMBER 8 2014 RING OF FIRE IS BREWING
BREAKING NEWS 6.6 EARTHQUAKE IN PANAMA DECEMBER 8 2014 RING OF FIRE IS BREWING
DATE: 2014/12/08::
43
Chile Earthquake Hazards remain High | BREAKING NEWS - 14 AUG 2014
Chile Earthquake Hazards remain High | BREAKING NEWS - 14 AUG 2014
DATE: 2014/08/14::
44
The Ring of Fire P4
The Ring of Fire P4
DATE: 2010/04/26::
45
Plate Tectonics - Lesson 4 - Part 2 of 8
Plate Tectonics - Lesson 4 - Part 2 of 8
DATE: 2008/03/01::
46
The Ring of Fire P3
The Ring of Fire P3
DATE: 2010/04/26::
47
AGAIN Chile quake hazards remain high...
AGAIN Chile quake hazards remain high...
DATE: 2014/08/14::
48
Chile earthquake: Powerful 8.2 quake triggers tsunami, at least 5 dead
Chile earthquake: Powerful 8.2 quake triggers tsunami, at least 5 dead
DATE: 2014/04/02::
49
Patagonia Hobo
Patagonia Hobo
DATE: 2013/12/04::
50
CHILE EARTHQUAKE 2014 | 8.3 Magnitude TSUNAMI WARNING. | VIDEO
CHILE EARTHQUAKE 2014 | 8.3 Magnitude TSUNAMI WARNING. | VIDEO
DATE: 2014/06/08::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
  The Nazca plate, shown in light blue
Full-size image showing all plates

The Nazca Plate, named after the Nazca region of southern Peru, is an oceanic tectonic plate in the eastern Pacific Ocean basin off the west coast of South America. The ongoing subduction, along the Peru-Chile Trench, of the Nazca Plate under the South American Plate is largely responsible for the Andean orogeny. The Nazca Plate is bounded on the west by the Pacific Plate and to the south by the Antarctic Plate through the East Pacific Rise and the Chile Rise respectively. The movement of the Nazca Plate over several hotspots has created some volcanic islands as well as east-west running seamount chains that subduct under South America. Nazca is a relatively young plate both in terms of the age of its rocks and its existence as an independent plate having been formed from the break-up of the Farallon Plate about 23 million years ago. The oldest rocks of the plate are about 50 million years old.[1]

Boundaries[edit]

East Pacific and Chile Rise[edit]

Main articles: East Pacific Rise and Chile Rise

A triple junction, the Chile Triple Junction,[2] occurs on the seafloor of the Pacific Ocean off Taitao and Tres Montes Peninsula at the southern coast of Chile. Here three tectonic plates meet: the Nazca Plate, the South American Plate, and the Antarctic Plate.

Peru-Chile Trench[edit]

The eastern margin is a convergent boundary subduction zone under the South American Plate and the Andes Mountains, forming the Peru-Chile Trench. The southern side is a divergent boundary with the Antarctic Plate, the Chile Rise, where seafloor spreading permits magma to rise. The western side is a divergent boundary with the Pacific Plate, forming the East Pacific Rise. The northern side is a divergent boundary with the Cocos Plate, the Galapagos Rise.

The subduction of the Nazca plate under southern Chile has a history of producing massive earthquakes, including the largest ever recorded on earth, the moment magnitude 9.5 1960 Valdivia earthquake.

Western margin[edit]

Intraplate features[edit]

Hotspots[edit]

A second triple junction occurs at the northwest corner of the plate where the Nazca, Cocos, and Pacific Plates all join off the coast of Colombia. Yet another triple junction occurs at the southwest corner at the intersection of the Nazca, Pacific, and Antarctic Plates off the coast of southern Chile. At each of these triple junctions an anomalous microplate exists, the Galapagos Microplate at the northern junction and the Juan Fernandez Microplate at the southern junction. The Easter Island Microplate is a third microplate that is located just north of the Juan Fernandez Microplate and lies just west of Easter Island.

Aseismic ridges[edit]

The Carnegie Ridge is a 1,350-km-long and up to 300-km-wide feature on the ocean floor of the northern Nazca Plate that includes the Galápagos archipelago at its western end. It is being subducted under South America with the rest of the Nazca Plate.

Fracture zones[edit]

Darwin Gap is the area between the Nazca Plate and the coast of Chile, where Charles Darwin experienced the earthquake of 1835. It is expected that this area will be the epicenter of a major quake in the near future.[3]

Plate motion[edit]

The absolute motion of the Nazca Plate has been calibrated at 3.7 cm/yr east motion (88°), one of the fastest absolute motions of any tectonic plate. The subducting Nazca Plate, which exhibits unusual flat-slab subduction, is tearing as well as deforming as it is subducted (Barzangi and Isacks). The subduction has formed, and continues to form, the volcanic Andes Mountain Range. Deformation of the Nazca Plate even affects the geography of Bolivia, far to the east (Tinker et al.). It was on the Nazca Plate that the 1994 Bolivia earthquake occurred; this had a magnitude of 8.2 M_w, which at that time was the strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake occurring deeper than 300 km.

Luckily, besides the Juan Fernández Islands, this area has very few islands to suffer the earthquakes that are a result of complicated movements at these junctions.

Geologic history[edit]

See also: Farallon Plate

The precursor of both the Nazca Plate and the Cocos Plate (to its north) was the Farallon Plate, which split in late Oligocene, about 22.8 Mya, a date arrived at by interpreting magnetic anomalies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dutch, Steven. "Sea Floor Spreading in the Pacific". 
  2. ^ http://www.nsm.buffalo.edu/courses/gly481-581/McGuire05_2.pdf Tectonics of South America: Chile Triple Junction
  3. ^ Darwin Gap quake will shake Chile again [1], New Scientist, 30 Jan 2011, accessed 8 Feb 2011.
Bibliography

Coordinates: 14°49′44″S 74°56′37″W / 14.82889°S 74.94361°W / -14.82889; -74.94361

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015