1,7 million Poles deported to the Soviet Union 2WW

Channel: motherheartpolonia   |   2008/09/17
Play Video
1
1,7 million Poles deported to the Soviet Union 2WW
1,7 million Poles deported to the Soviet Union 2WW
::2008/09/17::
Play Video
2
Neo-Nazi Takeover? Ultra-nationalists take center stage amid political chaos in Ukraine
Neo-Nazi Takeover? Ultra-nationalists take center stage amid political chaos in Ukraine
::2014/03/05::
Play Video
3
Karelia - Historical province of Finland
Karelia - Historical province of Finland
::2010/04/04::
Play Video
4
The Best Enemies Money Can Buy -- Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany -- Prof. Antony C. Sutton
The Best Enemies Money Can Buy -- Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany -- Prof. Antony C. Sutton
::2011/02/15::
Play Video
5
Magical Leopolis - Magiczny Lwów
Magical Leopolis - Magiczny Lwów
::2014/01/19::
Play Video
6
RUSSIA UKRAINE USA CHINA VATICAN EU - WW3? - LIES, GVMT COUP, NWO : What is Really Going On?
RUSSIA UKRAINE USA CHINA VATICAN EU - WW3? - LIES, GVMT COUP, NWO : What is Really Going On?
::2014/03/05::
Play Video
7
"How the Red Army Defeated Germany: The Three Alibis." - Dr. Jonathon M. House
"How the Red Army Defeated Germany: The Three Alibis." - Dr. Jonathon M. House
::2013/05/02::
Play Video
8
ADVANCED Russian S-400 AIR DEFENCE heading to UKRAINE
ADVANCED Russian S-400 AIR DEFENCE heading to UKRAINE
::2014/03/01::
Play Video
9
Doctors Of Death
Doctors Of Death
::2011/09/15::
Play Video
10
Russia Stops Hitler, Soviets Fight Back (1941) CCCP / USSR_WWII Footage_Full Length_Neewsreel
Russia Stops Hitler, Soviets Fight Back (1941) CCCP / USSR_WWII Footage_Full Length_Neewsreel
::2012/11/08::
Play Video
11
Fabian Socialism  Population Control
Fabian Socialism Population Control
::2014/01/17::
Play Video
12
Crimean Tatars in Ukraine Russia manages Turkey
Crimean Tatars in Ukraine Russia manages Turkey
::2014/03/13::
Play Video
13
Build up to WW3 as UNITED STATES and RUSSIA CLASH over UKRAINE
Build up to WW3 as UNITED STATES and RUSSIA CLASH over UKRAINE
::2014/03/01::
Play Video
14
Great Expectations: Crimeans await fateful referendum (RT Documentary)
Great Expectations: Crimeans await fateful referendum (RT Documentary)
::2014/03/08::
Play Video
15
RACIST SUPREMISTS: EDL & NEO NAZI
RACIST SUPREMISTS: EDL & NEO NAZI's ON RISE IN EUROPE
::2013/10/07::
Play Video
16
U.S. Prepares for Russian Retaliation
U.S. Prepares for Russian Retaliation
::2014/03/15::
Play Video
17
czechs execute german civilians in jun. 1945 Ethnic cleansing by benes and his henchmen
czechs execute german civilians in jun. 1945 Ethnic cleansing by benes and his henchmen
::2013/02/17::
Play Video
18
AUSCHWITZ CONCENTRATION CAMP - World War II/Military/History (documentary)
AUSCHWITZ CONCENTRATION CAMP - World War II/Military/History (documentary)
::2014/01/04::
Play Video
19
XIX Century Crimea ~ Carlo Bossoli Paintings
XIX Century Crimea ~ Carlo Bossoli Paintings
::2014/04/09::
Play Video
20
STOP PUTIN NOW
STOP PUTIN NOW
::2014/03/07::
Play Video
21
Residents of the city of Kharkov, Ukraine, help military protection against Russian enemy troops.
Residents of the city of Kharkov, Ukraine, help military protection against Russian enemy troops.
::2014/03/19::
Play Video
22
MK Ahmed Tibi. "Lieberman an immigrant", "Divided by 181"
MK Ahmed Tibi. "Lieberman an immigrant", "Divided by 181"
::2014/01/09::
Play Video
23
BBC
BBC's World at War- The Final Solution part 1
::2013/02/27::
Play Video
24
No Man
No Man's Land: Crimean recruits in Ukraine's army caught in split
::2014/03/26::
Play Video
25
Two Weeks in Crimea | Close up
Two Weeks in Crimea | Close up
::2014/03/26::
Play Video
26
NCF dé-population AGENDA 21: request to reveal the truth?
NCF dé-population AGENDA 21: request to reveal the truth?
::2012/05/22::
Play Video
27
Russia Annexes Crimea Cause Putin Don
Russia Annexes Crimea Cause Putin Don't Give a F**K
::2014/03/18::
Play Video
28
Ravensbrück Concentration Camp
Ravensbrück Concentration Camp
::2013/10/29::
Play Video
29
Rise of the 4th Reich: Nazi
Rise of the 4th Reich: Nazi's Control America!
::2012/10/22::
Play Video
30
The Soviet Story - trailer ( ten minutes)
The Soviet Story - trailer ( ten minutes)
::2010/02/07::
Play Video
31
Why Crimea is so dangerous? | Russia: Sanctions? We
Why Crimea is so dangerous? | Russia: Sanctions? We're just not bothered
::2014/03/07::
Play Video
32
HD Stock Footage WWII German Atrocities in Concentration Camps
HD Stock Footage WWII German Atrocities in Concentration Camps
::2012/07/16::
Play Video
33
Global Capitalism: February 2014 Monthly Update
Global Capitalism: February 2014 Monthly Update
::2014/02/12::
Play Video
34
Ukraine, Putin & Russia - BBCQT Barking  06/03/2014
Ukraine, Putin & Russia - BBCQT Barking 06/03/2014
::2014/03/07::
Play Video
35
Активисты пикетировали посольство США / #Крым
Активисты пикетировали посольство США / #Крым
::2014/03/01::
Play Video
36
Ukraine border guards report Russian military build-upBuild up to WW3 as UNITED STATES and RUSSIA CL
Ukraine border guards report Russian military build-upBuild up to WW3 as UNITED STATES and RUSSIA CL
::2014/03/03::
Play Video
37
Russia is threatening to turn USA into radioactive ash: with English subtitles
Russia is threatening to turn USA into radioactive ash: with English subtitles
::2014/03/17::
Play Video
38
March 2014 BREAKING NEWS FEMA 800 Detention Camps in USA - last days Final Hour News update
March 2014 BREAKING NEWS FEMA 800 Detention Camps in USA - last days Final Hour News update
::2013/03/02::
Play Video
39
#Турчинов, #Яценюк. Брифінг РНБО / #Крим #Крым
#Турчинов, #Яценюк. Брифінг РНБО / #Крим #Крым
::2014/03/01::
Play Video
40
Римарська. Харків. 14 березня 2014. 22:00
Римарська. Харків. 14 березня 2014. 22:00
::2014/03/14::
Play Video
41
Ukraine crisis:Tensions escalate as Russians deployed in Crimea Armed with machine guns.
Ukraine crisis:Tensions escalate as Russians deployed in Crimea Armed with machine guns.
::2014/03/02::
Play Video
42
Putin
Putin's Historic Crimea Address | FULL VIDEO FOOTAGE with English Translation |
::2014/03/21::
Play Video
43
Ethnic Russians show support for Moscow Thousands march through Moscow in support of political priso
Ethnic Russians show support for Moscow Thousands march through Moscow in support of political priso
::2014/03/03::
Play Video
44
Ukraine Revolution. BEST MOMENTS. 18 feb - 20 february 2014. Euromaidan. Kiev
Ukraine Revolution. BEST MOMENTS. 18 feb - 20 february 2014. Euromaidan. Kiev
::2014/02/22::
Play Video
45
Ukraine protests: Polish minister Radoslaw Sikorski warns protest leader "you
Ukraine protests: Polish minister Radoslaw Sikorski warns protest leader "you'll all be dead"
::2014/02/21::
Play Video
46
Ukraine Protests:
Ukraine Protests: 'Sniper' fires from Ukraine media hotel - BBC News
::2014/02/21::
Play Video
47
Штурм Одесского областного совета. 03.03.2014
Штурм Одесского областного совета. 03.03.2014
::2014/03/04::
Play Video
48
Hitler Speaks About the Jews
Hitler Speaks About the Jews
::2011/09/11::
Play Video
49
Dutch Report: Former Royal Netherlands Army Soldier Trains Jihadists in Syria
Dutch Report: Former Royal Netherlands Army Soldier Trains Jihadists in Syria
::2014/01/29::
Play Video
50
HD Stock Footage WWII German Blitzkrieg Battle of the Bulge | The Enemy Strikes
HD Stock Footage WWII German Blitzkrieg Battle of the Bulge | The Enemy Strikes
::2012/08/11::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Nazi-Soviet population transfers)
Jump to: navigation, search
Expulsion of Sudeten Germans following the end of World War II
Flight and expulsion of Germans during
and after World War II
(demographic estimates)
Background
Wartime flight and evacuation
Post-war flight and expulsion
Later emigration

The Nazi–Soviet population transfers were a series of population transfers between 1939 and 1941 of tens of thousands of ethnic Germans and ethnic Russians[citation needed] in an agreement according to the German–Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Demarcation between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.

Conception[edit]

One of Adolf Hitler's main goals during his rule was to unite all German-speaking people into one territory.[1] There were hundreds of thousands of ethnic Germans living outside the borders of Germany, mostly in Central and Eastern Europe with the largest numbers being Germans from Russia. Most of these groups of German origin had lived outside Germany for hundreds of years, after emigrating eastwards between the 12th to 18th centuries.

Despite this, Hitler planned to move these people westwards (away from their homes and from the areas they had been living in for centuries) into Nazi Germany. However, Hitler also believed that the 1937 borders and territories of Nazi Germany, i.e. before the "Anschluss" (annexation) of Austria and Sudetenland, were quite inadequate to accommodate this large increase in population. At this time, propaganda for more Lebensraum or "living space" greatly increased.

Legal basis[edit]

With the largest number of ethnic Germans living in Russia, Hitler knew that he could not resettle all these people without the full cooperation of Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union. In late August 1939 (a week before the invasion of Poland and the start of World War II) Hitler sent his foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop to Moscow to arrange a pact of non aggression with the Soviet Union. This became known as the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. In reality Hitler's aim was to avoid Germany fighting on two fronts when the Second World War was about to begin a week later.

The real issues agreed upon in the pact was the partition of territories in Central and Eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence and the reciprocal transfer of ethnic German and Russian people's to each other's countries.[2]

Hitler's plan was to invade the western part of Poland (having assigned the eastern part to the Soviet Union in the pact) and then force all non German peoples (mostly Polish citizens) out of their homes and either use them for forced labour or move them to the General Government area. Once these territories were "free" of non Germans, the population transfers could begin and ethnic Germans would be settled in the same homes that until a few weeks earlier had Polish citizens living in them.

Population transfers 1939–1944[edit]

German map showing transfers of Volksdeutsche during "Heim ins Reich" action.

The planned transfers were announced to the ethnic Germans, and general knowledge, only in October 1939.[3]

The Nazis set out to encourage the departure of "Germans from outside Germany", known as Volksdeutsche, from the Baltic States by the use of propaganda. This included using scare tactics about the Soviet Union, and led to tens of thousands leaving.[4] Those who left were not referred to as "refugees", but were rather described as "answering the call of the Führer."[3] To encourage support of this program, German propaganda films such as GPU[5] and Friesennot[6] depicted the Baltic Germans as deeply persecuted in their native lands.

Families were transported by ship from the Baltic states and by train from other territories.[3] The German government arranged the transfer of their furniture and personal belongings. All immovable property was sold, with the money being collected by the German government and not given back to the families.[7] This was an intentional act designed to destroy all links with the areas these people had been living in. The value of the real estate left behind was to be compensated in cash and Polish property in occupied Poland.

They were kept in camps for racial evaluation, to prevent contamination of the native German population.[8] There they were divided into groups: A, Altreich, who were to be settled in German and allowed neither farms nor business (to allow for closer watch), S Sonderfall, who were used as forced labor, and O Ost-Falle, the best classification, to be settled in the 'Eastern Wall' — the occupied regions to protect German from the East—and allowed independence.[9] This last group, after spending some time in refugee camps in Germany, were eventually resettled in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany and in Zamosc County, as decided by Generalplan Ost. The deportation orders required that enough Poles be removed to provide for every settler—that, for instance, if twenty German "master bakers" were sent, twenty Polish bakeries had to have their owners removed.[10] The settlers were often given Polish homes where the families had been evicted so quickly that half-eaten meals were on tables and small children had clearly been taken from unmade beds.[11] Members of Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls were assigned the task of overseeing such evictions to ensure that the Poles left behind most of their belongings for the use of the settlers.[12] Once they were settled, the process of Germanization was begun.[13]

Germans were evacuated from territories occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940, notably Bessarabia and the Baltic states of Estonia and Latvia, all of which traditionally had large German minorities. However the majority of the Baltic Germans had already been resettled in late 1939, prior to the occupation of Estonia and Latvia by the Soviet Union in June 1940. In most cases they were given farms taken from 110,000 Poles who were expelled from the area [1].

Ethnic Germans Resettled by Nazi Germany 1939-1944

Ethnic Germans Resettled from Resettled In Resettled In Resettled In Resettled In Resettled In Resettled In
Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany General Government/Poland Oder-Neisse region Danzig Austria Czechoslovakia Total
Territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union 56,000 17,000 46,000 - 5,000 - 124,000
Chełm & Narew in Poland 29,000 11,000 2,000 - - - 42,000
Baltic States 87,000 - 40,000 - - - 127,000
Soviet Union 265,000 35,000 70,000 - - - 370,000
Romania 128,000 12,000 52,000 - 20,000 - 212,000
Yugoslavia 10,000 - 10,000 - 15,000 - 35,000
Reichsdeutsche west of the Oder–Neisse Line - 290,000 225,000 15,000 - 30,000 560,000
Reichsdeutsche east of the Oder–Neisse Line - 380,000 - - - 30,000 410,000
Total 575,000 745,000 445,000 15,000 40,000 60,000 1,880,000

Source: Dr. Gerhard Reichning, Die deutschen Vertriebenen in Zahlen, Teil 1, Bonn 1995, Pages 23–27

"Second transfer" 1945[edit]

The Soviet advance into Poland in 1945 resulted in the ethnic German settlers being evacuated or fleeing from their "new homes" (in which Hitler had resettled them in 1939) to areas even further in the west to escape reprisals from the advancing Red Army. Considering that they had only been living in these homes for about 5 years at most, this was almost seen as a second forced resettlement for them (after the first in 1939) albeit under different circumstances. But this time practically all of them had to leave their belongings behind.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lynn H. Nicholas, Cruel World: The Children of Europe in the Nazi Web p. 194 ISBN 0-679-77663-X
  2. ^ Nicholas, p. 204.
  3. ^ a b c Nicholas, p. 206.
  4. ^ Nicholas, pp. 207-9.
  5. ^ Erwin Leiser, Nazi Cinema pp. 44-5. ISBN 0-02-570230-0
  6. ^ Leiser, pp. 39-40.
  7. ^ Nicholas, p. 208.
  8. ^ Nicholas, p. 205.
  9. ^ Nicholas, p. 213.
  10. ^ Michael Sontheimer, "When We Finish, Nobody Is Left Alive" 05/27/2011 Spiegel
  11. ^ Nicholas, p. 213-4.
  12. ^ Walter S. Zapotoczny , "Rulers of the World: The Hitler Youth"
  13. ^ Pierre Aycoberry, The Social History of the Third Reich, 1933-1945, p 255, ISBN 1-56584-549-8

Sources[edit]

  • European Population Transfers, 1939–1945 by Joseph B. Schechtman
  • Eestist saksamaale ümberasunute nimestik : Verzeichnis der aus Estland nach Deutschland Umgesiedelten, Oskar Angelus, Tallinn 1939
  • "Izceļojušo vācu tautības pilsoņu saraksts" : "The list of resettled citizens of German ethnicity". 1940
  • Łossowski, Piotr; Bronius Makauskas (2005). Kraje bałtyckie w latach przełomu 1934–1944 (in Polish). Scientific Editor Andrzej Koryna. Warszawa: Instytut Historii PAN; Fundacja Pogranicze. ISBN 83-88909-42-8. 
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014