Play Video
1
Nelumbo - My Wife [Official Video]
Nelumbo - My Wife [Official Video]
::2014/05/21::
Play Video
2
Nelumbo movie Trailer
Nelumbo movie Trailer
::2014/01/16::
Play Video
3
Nelumbo - "Wake Me Up" (Ensayo 20 Febrero de 2013)
Nelumbo - "Wake Me Up" (Ensayo 20 Febrero de 2013)
::2013/02/21::
Play Video
4
Nelumbo - Helios
Nelumbo - Helios
::2013/11/07::
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5
Lotus fertilizing, water garden lotus, Nelumbo, Pond lotus flowers.
Lotus fertilizing, water garden lotus, Nelumbo, Pond lotus flowers.
::2010/10/03::
Play Video
6
Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) flower - time lapse
Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) flower - time lapse
::2014/07/21::
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7
Nelumbo Nucifera Flower (Pink)
Nelumbo Nucifera Flower (Pink)
::2012/07/09::
Play Video
8
Nelumbo´s Dance (Original Mix)
Nelumbo´s Dance (Original Mix)
::2013/12/11::
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9
Soul Capsule - Lady Science (Nelumbo Video Edit)
Soul Capsule - Lady Science (Nelumbo Video Edit)
::2013/06/29::
Play Video
10
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea)
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea)
::2010/05/10::
Play Video
11
Fruit and unripe seed pod of lotus or Nelumbo nucifera
Fruit and unripe seed pod of lotus or Nelumbo nucifera
::2012/12/19::
Play Video
12
Cluzaz 2013 Nelumbo
Cluzaz 2013 Nelumbo
::2013/04/10::
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13
Nelumbo nucifera Sacred Lotus
Nelumbo nucifera Sacred Lotus
::2013/07/01::
Play Video
14
Laura introduces Lotus Elite Red : Nelumbo nucifera - growing lotus
Laura introduces Lotus Elite Red : Nelumbo nucifera - growing lotus
::2010/07/08::
Play Video
15
Solární hračky - NELUMBO Energy
Solární hračky - NELUMBO Energy
::2014/07/23::
Play Video
16
Chaos In The CBD - Trunk Music (Nelumbo Video Edit)
Chaos In The CBD - Trunk Music (Nelumbo Video Edit)
::2013/03/23::
Play Video
17
K.U.M.A. - Bass Juke (Nelumbo Video Edit)
K.U.M.A. - Bass Juke (Nelumbo Video Edit)
::2012/11/01::
Play Video
18
Herbal Medicine - Nelumbo nucifera - Natural Remedy for Cardiac ailments
Herbal Medicine - Nelumbo nucifera - Natural Remedy for Cardiac ailments
::2011/10/01::
Play Video
19
Nelumbo Hanging Basket Planter Griffith Creek Designs
Nelumbo Hanging Basket Planter Griffith Creek Designs
::2012/07/09::
Play Video
20
Moret - le nelumbo
Moret - le nelumbo
::2012/01/01::
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21
Nelumbo  - CALLING  Music Video @Doonerr
Nelumbo - CALLING Music Video @Doonerr
::2013/12/19::
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22
Nelumbo Windowbox Planter Griffith Creek Designs
Nelumbo Windowbox Planter Griffith Creek Designs
::2012/07/09::
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23
Nelumbo lutea
Nelumbo lutea
::2013/03/14::
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24
Lotus seeds India  [Nelumbo nucifera] [Supplier & Exporter] Seeds, Oil & Extract
Lotus seeds India [Nelumbo nucifera] [Supplier & Exporter] Seeds, Oil & Extract
::2014/01/23::
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25
Nelumbo (Sacred Rose)(Heart) -Nadis Warriors
Nelumbo (Sacred Rose)(Heart) -Nadis Warriors
::2011/01/31::
Play Video
26
Nelumbo Lutea, Tappan Lake Ohio, Native American Lotus
Nelumbo Lutea, Tappan Lake Ohio, Native American Lotus
::2010/07/13::
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27
Water resistant leaves of Lotus or Nelumbo nucifera
Water resistant leaves of Lotus or Nelumbo nucifera
::2012/12/19::
Play Video
28
Lotus Plant - Nelumbo nucifera - Shower Heads - Asiatic Lotus HD 01
Lotus Plant - Nelumbo nucifera - Shower Heads - Asiatic Lotus HD 01
::2014/04/17::
Play Video
29
The benefits of eating Lotus Root aka Nelumbo nucifera
The benefits of eating Lotus Root aka Nelumbo nucifera
::2014/01/26::
Play Video
30
Bud of Lotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera)
Bud of Lotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera)
::2012/12/19::
Play Video
31
科学映像館 Plants of Kochi(Nelumbo nucifera ハス)
科学映像館 Plants of Kochi(Nelumbo nucifera ハス)
::2007/02/09::
Play Video
32
Nelumbo Nucifera in container of 5 gallon
Nelumbo Nucifera in container of 5 gallon
::2014/06/27::
Play Video
33
Beautiful video about fashion and contemporary design. Green luxury: NELUMBO
Beautiful video about fashion and contemporary design. Green luxury: NELUMBO
::2014/04/01::
Play Video
34
Species Sunday How to keep a Lotus Plant. Nelumbonaceae Nelumbo nucifera
Species Sunday How to keep a Lotus Plant. Nelumbonaceae Nelumbo nucifera
::2011/06/13::
Play Video
35
LOTUS ABSOLUTE(Nelumbo nucifera) FROM THE GREAT INDIA HAVING SOURCE INDIA
LOTUS ABSOLUTE(Nelumbo nucifera) FROM THE GREAT INDIA HAVING SOURCE INDIA
::2011/07/23::
Play Video
36
Smasher Award Pitch: Samudra Neelam Bhuyan (Nelumbo)
Smasher Award Pitch: Samudra Neelam Bhuyan (Nelumbo)
::2012/07/07::
Play Video
37
Lotus (Nelumbo) with Water Stress, Warner Obando at Auburn, Lotus Damage
Lotus (Nelumbo) with Water Stress, Warner Obando at Auburn, Lotus Damage
::2010/06/24::
Play Video
38
Flores Funebres - Nelumbo Nucifera
Flores Funebres - Nelumbo Nucifera
::2014/07/10::
Play Video
39
NELUMBO Energy, a.s.
NELUMBO Energy, a.s.
::2014/07/21::
Play Video
40
Ledenon avec Objectif Circuit 120309 bourre avec nelumbo et roumi
Ledenon avec Objectif Circuit 120309 bourre avec nelumbo et roumi
::2009/03/16::
Play Video
41
TOYC - Levy (Nelumbo Video Edit)
TOYC - Levy (Nelumbo Video Edit)
::2012/12/30::
Play Video
42
Spotkanie autorskie Easy Grace (Instiutute Nelumbo), książka "Ja czyli kto?"
Spotkanie autorskie Easy Grace (Instiutute Nelumbo), książka "Ja czyli kto?"
::2014/03/23::
Play Video
43
lotus root/Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn/Lotosfrucht slicer/ slicing machine/chipper
lotus root/Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn/Lotosfrucht slicer/ slicing machine/chipper
::2012/02/20::
Play Video
44
Water Lilies vs Lotus Water Garden Plants, Nymphaea vs Nelumbo
Water Lilies vs Lotus Water Garden Plants, Nymphaea vs Nelumbo
::2009/09/10::
Play Video
45
Beautiful Lotus or Nelumbo nucifera pink color flower
Beautiful Lotus or Nelumbo nucifera pink color flower
::2013/11/14::
Play Video
46
Nelumbo Summer Camp
Nelumbo Summer Camp
::2014/04/01::
Play Video
47
Girl Unit - Cake Boss (Nelumbo Video Edit)
Girl Unit - Cake Boss (Nelumbo Video Edit)
::2012/05/26::
Play Video
48
Lotus Apricot Pink water garden pond plants nelumbo chinese Lotus
Lotus Apricot Pink water garden pond plants nelumbo chinese Lotus
::2010/12/05::
Play Video
49
Lotus Research, water garden flowers, nelumbo, blooming lotus, lotus flowers
Lotus Research, water garden flowers, nelumbo, blooming lotus, lotus flowers
::2010/09/07::
Play Video
50
Nelumbo nucifera: Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, or simply lotus flower
Nelumbo nucifera: Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, or simply lotus flower
::2013/11/14::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the 2014 Indian film, see Nelumbo (film).
Nelumbo
Nelumno nucifera open flower - botanic garden adelaide2.jpg
N. nucifera (sacred lotus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Nelumbonaceae
Genus: Nelumbo
Adans.
Species

Nelumbo is a genus of aquatic plants with large, showy flowers resembling the water lily, but not closely related to it. It is commonly called lotus, though this name may be applied to other genera, and there is an unrelated genus Lotus. The generic name is derived from the Sinhalese word Nelum. There are only two known living species in the genus. The sacred lotus (N. nucifera) is native to Asia, and is the better known of the two. It is commonly cultivated, and also used in Chinese medicine and cooking. This species is the national flower of India and Vietnam. The American lotus (N. lutea) is native to North America and the Caribbean. Horticultural hybrids have been produced between these two geographically separated species. A third, extinct species, N. aureavallis, is known from Eocene fossils from North Dakota, United States.

Species[edit]

N. lutea (American lotus)
Nelumbo 'Mrs. Perry D. Slocum'- Dried seed pod
Lotus in lake, showing leaves, buds, flowers, seed heads

Classification[edit]

There is residual disagreement over which family the genus should be placed in. Traditional classification systems recognized Nelumbo as part of the Nymphaeaceae (water lily) family, but traditional taxonomists were likely misled by evolutionary convergences associated with an evolutionary shift from a terrestrial to an aquatic lifestyle. In the older classification systems it was recognized under the biological order Nymphaeales or Nelumbonales. Nelumbo is currently recognized as its own family, Nelumbonaceae, one of several distinctive families in the eudicot order Proteales. Its closest living relatives, the (Proteaceae and Platanaceae), are shrubs or trees.

The leaves of Nelumbo can be distinguished from those of genera in the Nymphaeaceae as they are peltate, that is they have fully circular leaves. Nymphaea, on the other hand, has a single characteristic notch from the edge in to the center of the lily pad. The seedpod of Nelumbo is very distinctive.

APG[edit]

Foliage of N. nucifera- An example of the lotus effect after rain.

The APG II system of 2003, recognizes Nelumbonaceae as a distinct family and places it in the order Proteales, in the eudicot clade.

Earlier classification systems[edit]

The Cronquist system of 1981 recognizes the family but places it in the water lily order Nymphaeales. The Dahlgren system of 1985 and Thorne system (1992) both recognize the family and place it in its own order, Nelumbonales.

Characteristics[edit]

Superhydrophobicity[edit]

The leaves of nelumbo are highly water repellent (superhydrophobic). They have given the name to what is called the lotus effect.

Thermoregulation[edit]

N. nucifera regulates its temperature in order to benefit insects that are needed for it to reproduce. When the plant flowers, it heats its blossoms to above 30 °C (86 °F) for as long as four days even when the air is as cool as 10 °C (50 °F). The heat releases an aroma that attracts certain insects, which fly into the flower to feed on nectar and pollen. According to Roger Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel of Australia’s University of Adelaide, the heat also rewards insects with a stable environment that enhances their ability to eat, mate, and prepare for flight.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hickey, Leo (1977). Stratigraphy and Paleobotany of the Golden Valley Formation (Early Tertiary) of Western North Dakota. Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America. pp. 110 & Plate 5. ISBN 0-8137-1150-9. 
  2. ^ "Heat of Lotus Attracts Insects And Scientists". New York Times. 1996-10-01. 

External links[edit]

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