1
Nelumbo - My Wife [Official Video]
Nelumbo - My Wife [Official Video]
DATE: 2014/05/21::
2
My Wife - Nelumbo - Grupo argentino
My Wife - Nelumbo - Grupo argentino
DATE: 2014/12/08::
3
Nelumbo - Helios
Nelumbo - Helios
DATE: 2013/11/07::
4
NELUMBO en ES COMO TODO (WAKE ME UP)
NELUMBO en ES COMO TODO (WAKE ME UP)
DATE: 2015/03/12::
5
Lotus fertilizing, water garden lotus, Nelumbo, Pond lotus flowers.
Lotus fertilizing, water garden lotus, Nelumbo, Pond lotus flowers.
DATE: 2010/10/03::
6
Nelumbo movie Trailer
Nelumbo movie Trailer
DATE: 2014/01/16::
7
Water Lilies vs Lotus Water Garden Plants, Nymphaea vs Nelumbo
Water Lilies vs Lotus Water Garden Plants, Nymphaea vs Nelumbo
DATE: 2009/09/10::
8
Growing Legal Psychedelics : Nelumbo Nucifera Episode 1
Growing Legal Psychedelics : Nelumbo Nucifera Episode 1
DATE: 2015/01/03::
9
Nelumbo lutea
Nelumbo lutea
DATE: 2013/03/14::
10
Nelumbo  - CALLING  Music Video @Doonerr
Nelumbo - CALLING Music Video @Doonerr
DATE: 2013/12/19::
11
NELUMBO Official Trailer #2 (2015)
NELUMBO Official Trailer #2 (2015)
DATE: 2015/05/17::
12
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea)
American lotus (Nelumbo lutea)
DATE: 2010/05/10::
13
Nelumbo nucifera
Nelumbo nucifera
DATE: 2013/09/30::
14
Species Sunday How to keep a Lotus Plant. Nelumbonaceae Nelumbo nucifera
Species Sunday How to keep a Lotus Plant. Nelumbonaceae Nelumbo nucifera
DATE: 2011/06/12::
15
Lotus (Nelumbo) with Water Stress, Warner Obando at Auburn, Lotus Damage
Lotus (Nelumbo) with Water Stress, Warner Obando at Auburn, Lotus Damage
DATE: 2010/06/24::
16
Lotus Nelumbo nucifera   5 jan 2015
Lotus Nelumbo nucifera 5 jan 2015
DATE: 2015/01/05::
17
Nelumbo nucifera Sacred Lotus
Nelumbo nucifera Sacred Lotus
DATE: 2013/07/01::
18
Smasher Award Pitch: Samudra Neelam Bhuyan (Nelumbo)
Smasher Award Pitch: Samudra Neelam Bhuyan (Nelumbo)
DATE: 2012/07/07::
19
CONECTA2: TRATAMIENTO LEVANTAMIENTO DE GLÚTEOS EN NELUMBO
CONECTA2: TRATAMIENTO LEVANTAMIENTO DE GLÚTEOS EN NELUMBO
DATE: 2015/04/02::
20
Spotkanie autorskie Easy Grace (Instiutute Nelumbo), książka "Ja czyli kto?"
Spotkanie autorskie Easy Grace (Instiutute Nelumbo), książka "Ja czyli kto?"
DATE: 2014/03/23::
21
Laura introduces Lotus Elite Red : Nelumbo nucifera - growing lotus
Laura introduces Lotus Elite Red : Nelumbo nucifera - growing lotus
DATE: 2010/07/08::
22
Herbal Medicine - Nelumbo nucifera - Natural Remedy for Cardiac ailments
Herbal Medicine - Nelumbo nucifera - Natural Remedy for Cardiac ailments
DATE: 2011/09/30::
23
Atelier Nelumbo Villefranche sur Mer
Atelier Nelumbo Villefranche sur Mer
DATE: 2014/07/30::
24
Nelumbo nucifera ,sacred lotus, lotus
Nelumbo nucifera ,sacred lotus, lotus
DATE: 2014/12/24::
25
Lotus, Water Garden Lotuses, Pond Lotus, Garden, Nelumbo
Lotus, Water Garden Lotuses, Pond Lotus, Garden, Nelumbo
DATE: 2011/01/27::
26
Nelumbo
Nelumbo
DATE: 2014/01/02::
27
Nelumbo Nucifera in container of 5 gallon
Nelumbo Nucifera in container of 5 gallon
DATE: 2014/06/27::
28
Lotus Flower (Nelumbo nucifera) in pond water
Lotus Flower (Nelumbo nucifera) in pond water
DATE: 2014/07/30::
29
Nelumbo Windowbox Planter Griffith Creek Designs
Nelumbo Windowbox Planter Griffith Creek Designs
DATE: 2012/07/09::
30
Instytut Nelumbo 2015 - OGŁASZAMY KONKURS! A COMPETITION!
Instytut Nelumbo 2015 - OGŁASZAMY KONKURS! A COMPETITION!
DATE: 2015/01/17::
31
Nelumbo (Sacred Rose)(Heart) -Nadis Warriors
Nelumbo (Sacred Rose)(Heart) -Nadis Warriors
DATE: 2011/01/31::
32
Camps de Ski Nelumbo Toussuire 2014
Camps de Ski Nelumbo Toussuire 2014
DATE: 2015/01/21::
33
Beautiful video about fashion and contemporary design. Green luxury: NELUMBO
Beautiful video about fashion and contemporary design. Green luxury: NELUMBO
DATE: 2014/03/31::
34
Nelumbo Hanging Basket Planter Griffith Creek Designs
Nelumbo Hanging Basket Planter Griffith Creek Designs
DATE: 2012/07/09::
35
科学映像館 Plants of Kochi(Nelumbo nucifera ハス)
科学映像館 Plants of Kochi(Nelumbo nucifera ハス)
DATE: 2007/02/08::
36
Lotus seeds India  [Nelumbo nucifera] [Supplier & Exporter] Seeds, Oil & Extract
Lotus seeds India [Nelumbo nucifera] [Supplier & Exporter] Seeds, Oil & Extract
DATE: 2014/01/23::
37
Nelumbo Nucifera
Nelumbo Nucifera
DATE: 2015/03/31::
38
Le Nelumbo
Le Nelumbo
DATE: 2014/11/07::
39
Nelumbo nucifera or Indian lotus - Nelumbonaceae
Nelumbo nucifera or Indian lotus - Nelumbonaceae
DATE: 2013/08/14::
40
Water resistant leaves of Lotus or Nelumbo nucifera
Water resistant leaves of Lotus or Nelumbo nucifera
DATE: 2012/12/19::
41
FLOR DE LOTO: Nelumbo nucifera (http://www.riomoros.com)
FLOR DE LOTO: Nelumbo nucifera (http://www.riomoros.com)
DATE: 2013/07/15::
42
All About - Nelumbo
All About - Nelumbo
DATE: 2014/11/09::
43
Nelumbo - Lotus
Nelumbo - Lotus
DATE: 2014/08/07::
44
Seerosenfarm Nelumbo Pink and Yellow
Seerosenfarm Nelumbo Pink and Yellow
DATE: 2015/05/16::
45
Taiwan [荷花就是蓮花]Nelumbo nucifera.蓮子.蓮蓬...注意不是[睡蓮]Nymphaea...
Taiwan [荷花就是蓮花]Nelumbo nucifera.蓮子.蓮蓬...注意不是[睡蓮]Nymphaea...
DATE: 2013/05/29::
46
CONECTA2: BRONCEADO CON AEROGRAFO EN CENTRO ESTÉTICA NELUMBO
CONECTA2: BRONCEADO CON AEROGRAFO EN CENTRO ESTÉTICA NELUMBO
DATE: 2015/03/04::
47
The benefits of eating Lotus Root aka Nelumbo nucifera
The benefits of eating Lotus Root aka Nelumbo nucifera
DATE: 2014/01/26::
48
A Bell - Nelumbo - Música en Buenos Aires
A Bell - Nelumbo - Música en Buenos Aires
DATE: 2015/01/06::
49
Lotus Plant - Nelumbo nucifera - Shower Heads - Asiatic Lotus HD 01
Lotus Plant - Nelumbo nucifera - Shower Heads - Asiatic Lotus HD 01
DATE: 2014/04/17::
50
Bud of Lotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera)
Bud of Lotus flower (Nelumbo nucifera)
DATE: 2012/12/19::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the movie, see Nelumbo (film).
Nelumbo
Nelumno nucifera open flower - botanic garden adelaide2.jpg
N. nucifera (sacred lotus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Nelumbonaceae
Genus: Nelumbo
Adans.
Species

Nelumbo is a genus of aquatic plants with large, showy flowers. Members are commonly called lotus, though "lotus" is a name also applied various other plants and plant groups, including the unrelated genus Lotus. Members outwardly resemble those in the family Nymphaeaceae (water lilies), but Nelumbo is actually very distant to Nymphaeaceae. "Nelumbo" is derived from the Sinhalese word Nelum. There are only two known living species in the genus. The sacred lotus (N. nucifera) is native to Asia, and is the better known of the two. It is commonly cultivated, and also used in Chinese medicine and cooking. This species is the national flower of India and Vietnam. The American lotus (N. lutea) is native to North America and the Caribbean. Horticultural hybrids have been produced between these two geographically separated species. A third, extinct species, N. aureavallis, is known from Eocene fossils from North Dakota, United States.

Species[edit]

N. lutea (American lotus)
Nelumbo 'Mrs. Perry D. Slocum'- Dried seed pod
Lotus in lake, showing leaves, buds, flowers, seed heads

Classification[edit]

There is residual disagreement over which family the genus should be placed in. Traditional classification systems recognized Nelumbo as part of the Nymphaeaceae (water lily) family, but traditional taxonomists were likely misled by evolutionary convergences associated with an evolutionary shift from a terrestrial to an aquatic lifestyle. In the older classification systems it was recognized under the biological order Nymphaeales or Nelumbonales. Nelumbo is currently recognized as its own family, Nelumbonaceae, one of several distinctive families in the eudicot order Proteales. Its closest living relatives, the (Proteaceae and Platanaceae), are shrubs or trees.

The leaves of Nelumbo can be distinguished from those of genera in the Nymphaeaceae as they are peltate, that is they have fully circular leaves. Nymphaea, on the other hand, has a single characteristic notch from the edge in to the center of the lily pad. The seedpod of Nelumbo is very distinctive.

APG[edit]

Foliage of N. nucifera- An example of the lotus effect after rain.

The APG II system of 2003, recognizes Nelumbonaceae as a distinct family and places it in the order Proteales, in the eudicot clade.

Earlier classification systems[edit]

The Cronquist system of 1981 recognizes the family but places it in the water lily order Nymphaeales. The Dahlgren system of 1985 and Thorne system (1992) both recognize the family and place it in its own order, Nelumbonales.

Characteristics[edit]

Superhydrophobicity[edit]

The leaves of nelumbo are highly water repellent (superhydrophobic). They have given the name to what is called the lotus effect.

Thermoregulation[edit]

N. nucifera regulates its temperature in order to benefit insects that are needed for it to reproduce. When the plant flowers, it heats its blossoms to above 30 °C (86 °F) for as long as four days even when the air is as cool as 10 °C (50 °F). The heat releases an aroma that attracts certain insects, which fly into the flower to feed on nectar and pollen. According to Roger Seymour and Paul Schultze-Motel of Australia’s University of Adelaide, the heat also rewards insects with a stable environment that enhances their ability to eat, mate, and prepare for flight.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hickey, Leo (1977). Stratigraphy and Paleobotany of the Golden Valley Formation (Early Tertiary) of Western North Dakota. Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America. pp. 110 & Plate 5. ISBN 0-8137-1150-9. 
  2. ^ "Heat of Lotus Attracts Insects And Scientists". New York Times. 1996-10-01. 

External links[edit]

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