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Neponset River Trail Boston Harborwalk on Bike  Milton to Dorchester
Neponset River Trail Boston Harborwalk on Bike Milton to Dorchester
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: Bear Esque
Milton Crew Team on Neponset River
Milton Crew Team on Neponset River
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: Scott Eisen
Poem at the Neponset River
Poem at the Neponset River
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: SS4Gweedo
Neponset River Kayak
Neponset River Kayak
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: John Kelly
Neponset River Bridge southbound
Neponset River Bridge southbound
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: OhNoitsJamie 1
Neponset River Bridge northbound
Neponset River Bridge northbound
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: OhNoitsJamie 1
Neponset River Greenway / Boston Harbor Walk
Neponset River Greenway / Boston Harbor Walk
Published: 2016/05/28
Channel: Tim Roust
Neponset River Crash
Neponset River Crash
Published: 2014/01/01
Channel: ngc1976
Installation of the Neponset River Greenway bridge at Mattapan Station
Installation of the Neponset River Greenway bridge at Mattapan Station
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Lee Toma
Neponset River
Neponset River
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: Steve Peslak
Neponset River
Neponset River
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Jenifalin
Ian Cooke of NepRWA on the Neponset River
Ian Cooke of NepRWA on the Neponset River
Published: 2008/07/27
Channel: ogarapratt
Aerial Tour of the Neponset River Reservation, MA
Aerial Tour of the Neponset River Reservation, MA
Published: 2009/05/08
Channel: ceroshaper
Neponset River Back Part of Norfolk Point
Neponset River Back Part of Norfolk Point
Published: 2011/04/08
Channel: Terry Wong
Neponset River Estuary at Neponset River Marshes Reservation.
Neponset River Estuary at Neponset River Marshes Reservation.
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: Chris Rich
Neponset River Mouth : Quincy MA Riverwalk.
Neponset River Mouth : Quincy MA Riverwalk.
Published: 2013/08/26
Channel: Chris Rich
Neponset River Rainbow Smelt
Neponset River Rainbow Smelt
Published: 2012/12/29
Channel: neponsetwatershed
Neponset river. Now with clouds!
Neponset river. Now with clouds!
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: hoorayforhawksbills
Lower mills, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
Lower mills, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: David Dobrindt
Crossing the Neponset River Bridge on the Red Line
Crossing the Neponset River Bridge on the Red Line
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: JRCRailfan
Neponset River Measurement
Neponset River Measurement
Published: 2010/03/31
Channel: dailynewstranscript
New Park Opens on Neponset River
New Park Opens on Neponset River
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Chris Lovett
Whirlpool in the Neponset River during high tide
Whirlpool in the Neponset River during high tide
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Oberst
Neponset River Greenway Milton MA Fowl Meadow Part 2.
Neponset River Greenway Milton MA Fowl Meadow Part 2.
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Chris Rich
Neponset river
Neponset river
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: jasonatait
Neponset River Bridge southbound (Alternate take)
Neponset River Bridge southbound (Alternate take)
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: OhNoitsJamie 1
Neponset River Bridge northbound (Alternate take)
Neponset River Bridge northbound (Alternate take)
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: OhNoitsJamie 1
Neponset River Mouth : Quincy MA Squantum Point State Park Part 1.
Neponset River Mouth : Quincy MA Squantum Point State Park Part 1.
Published: 2013/08/24
Channel: Chris Rich
In reeds, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
In reeds, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: David Dobrindt
S&R Corp: River Bridge Assembly in Neponset, MA
S&R Corp: River Bridge Assembly in Neponset, MA
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: S&R Corporation
Urban Options Boston MA Neponset River Greenway Part 5.
Urban Options Boston MA Neponset River Greenway Part 5.
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: Chris Rich
Bald eagle in Milton Mass on the Neponset River.
Bald eagle in Milton Mass on the Neponset River.
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: Karl Roos
Neponset River Broken Glass Everywhere
Neponset River Broken Glass Everywhere
Published: 2011/04/07
Channel: Terry Wong
Neponset River | Sleep Mushing
Neponset River | Sleep Mushing
Published: 2010/06/15
Channel: BOSTONSNOWDOGS
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 3.
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 3.
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: Chris Rich
Local youth help expand Neponset River trail behind Ryan Playground
Local youth help expand Neponset River trail behind Ryan Playground
Published: 2012/08/21
Channel: patrick rosso
Urban Options Boston MA Neponset River Greenway Part 4.
Urban Options Boston MA Neponset River Greenway Part 4.
Published: 2014/10/09
Channel: Chris Rich
Roller blading on Neponset River Trail
Roller blading on Neponset River Trail
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Carlos Vargas
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 5.
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 5.
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: Chris Rich
Neponset River Mouth : Quincy MA Squantum Point State Park Part 2.
Neponset River Mouth : Quincy MA Squantum Point State Park Part 2.
Published: 2013/08/26
Channel: Chris Rich
Neponset River Sailboats
Neponset River Sailboats
Published: 2015/10/24
Channel: bogartz
Emily, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
Emily, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: David Dobrindt
Urban Options Boston MA Neponset River Greenway Part 2.
Urban Options Boston MA Neponset River Greenway Part 2.
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: Chris Rich
Emily talking, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
Emily talking, Kayaking Neponset River, Milton, MA Sept 1 2014
Published: 2014/09/05
Channel: David Dobrindt
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 8.
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 8.
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: Chris Rich
NEPONSET RIVER TRAIL = FUN RUN
NEPONSET RIVER TRAIL = FUN RUN
Published: 2011/03/04
Channel: BOSTONSNOWDOGS
Neponset River Greenway extension
Neponset River Greenway extension
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Erica Mattison
Chelsea MA Neponset River Salt Marsh #DanielHope #Deutsches Kammerorchester 4K
Chelsea MA Neponset River Salt Marsh #DanielHope #Deutsches Kammerorchester 4K
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: dana-zoe gest
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 7.
Neponset River Greenway Canton MA Fowl Meadow Part 7.
Published: 2014/05/09
Channel: Chris Rich
Quick ride on Red Line over the Neponset river
Quick ride on Red Line over the Neponset river
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: ktrboston
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Neponset River
River
Neponset River Granite Avenue Bridge.jpg
Neponset River with Granite Avenue in background
Source Neponset Reservoir
 - location Foxborough, Massachusetts, United States
 - coordinates 42°05′10″N 71°14′38″W / 42.086°N 71.244°W / 42.086; -71.244
Mouth Dorchester Bay
 - coordinates 42°18′00″N 71°02′31″W / 42.300°N 71.042°W / 42.300; -71.042Coordinates: 42°18′00″N 71°02′31″W / 42.300°N 71.042°W / 42.300; -71.042
Length 29 mi (47 km)
Charlesrivermap.png
Charles, Mystic and Neponset river watersheds
Bridge with commuter train
Anderson Bridge
Bridges of the Neponset

The Neponset River is a river in eastern Massachusetts in the United States. Its headwaters are at the Neponset Reservoir in Foxborough, near Gillette Stadium. From there, the Neponset meanders generally northeast for about 29 miles (47 km) to its mouth at Dorchester Bay between Quincy and the Dorchester section of Boston, near the painted gas tank.[1]

The Neponset River forms the southern boundary of the city of Boston, passing through the neighborhoods of Readville, Hyde Park, Mattapan and Dorchester, and forming with the northern border of the city of Quincy. In addition, the Neponset touches the towns of Foxborough, Walpole, Sharon, Norwood, Canton, Westwood, Dedham, and Milton.

The Neponset River is fed by a drainage basin of approximately 130 square miles, a watershed that includes numerous aquifers, wetlands, streams and surrounding upland areas.[1] Some 250,000 people live in the Neponset River watershed, which in addition to the towns listed above, includes portions of Stoughton, Medfield, Dover, and Randolph.

The Canton River, a tributary of the Neponset River, is located in Canton, Massachusetts. It flows under the Canton Viaduct.

History[edit]

Before Europeans arrived, the area was inhabited by Algonquian-speaking Native American tribes. The Wamsutta site (19-NF-70) is a paleoindian site, which was dated to 10210 ± 60 BP).[2] Evidence of habitation along the Neponset River also includes the Middle Archaic (ca. 5000 BC) at sites such as Green Hill near the Blue Hills.[3]

The river's recorded history begins in 1619 when Native Americans traveled down the Neponset River to Thompson's Island, where they traded furs with English settlers. [4]

The falling waters of the Neponset provided the energy for the country's first water-powered grist mill, gunpowder mill, paper mill and the Revere Copper Company, among others.[1]

The upper stretch of the Neponset River, in Foxborough, Walpole and Norwood, is steeply sloped, dropping about 228 feet (69 m) over its first 12 miles, (19 km) and so the earliest years of the Industrial Revolution brought the Neponset to prominence. In 1635, Israel Stoughton built the first dam on the Neponset (only the second dam in the entire New World) for his grist mill. It was the first of three mills for flour, gunpowder and paper making.

In 1639, English settlers in Dedham began digging a canal connecting the Charles River with Mother Brook, a tributary of the Neponset, in order to provide their town with water power for mills; it was the first man-made canal in North America and increased the water flow in the lower sections of the Neponset. In 1640, shipbuilding began at Gulliver's Creek Wharf, and in 1673 John Trescott built a lumber mill on the river.[citation needed]

In 1765, a chocolate mill was established by Dr. James Baker and Irish immigrant John Hannon (later known as Walter Baker & Company producing Baker's Chocolate) in the Lower Mills section of Dorchester, and in 1770 Daniel Vose's Wholesale Shipping Warehouses at the second Milton Town Landing at Lower Mills were at the peak of their operation. Ship building and commercial shipping were the major river industries at the estuary. In 1773, George Clark built a paper mill on remnants of Trescott's Lumber Mill, which became the Tileston and Hollingsworth Paper Mill in 1836. In 1826, the river became the terminus of the Granite Railway, the first commercial railway in the United States. This river was central to the establishment of the town of Walpole[citation needed].

Neponset River Reservation[edit]

Today the Neponset River and its watershed are increasingly being protected and opened up as a recreational destination for the benefit of local residents. Several recommendations of the 1966 Lower Neponset River Reservation Master Plan have been implemented, including the reclamation of the former Hallet Street landfill and the old Neponset Drive-In to provide the 66-acre (270,000 m2) Pope John Paul II Park, which opened to the public in 2001. At Squantum Point in Quincy, phase one of Squantum Point Park, 25 acres (100,000 m2) of a 50-acre (200,000 m2) former U.S. Navy Airfield, was developed as waterfront parkland with assistance from National Grid plc and dedicated in the spring of 2001.

In popular culture[edit]

The Neponset River figures in the movie Black Mass, referencing an area south and east of the Keystone Shoreline in Dorchester, Massachusetts on the north bank, underneath the area where the Interstate 93 / Southeast Expressway / Route 1 bridge spans the river. A character in the movie makes reference to the area as "Bulger's Burial Ground", where crime boss James "Whitey" Bulger had the bodies of several of his murder victims buried. That unmarked burial ground really did exist, but in actuality was approximately one mile north of the area referenced in the film, near Tenean Beach in the Dorchester Shores Reservation.

2.4 miles (3.9 km) of the Lower Neponset River Trail opened in 2003.[5] The trail follows the former right-of-way of the Dorchester and Milton Branch Railroad, the western part of which is also used by the MBTA Ashmont–Mattapan High Speed Line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Natural History". Neponset River Watershed Association. Retrieved February 17, 2017. 
  2. ^ Jim Chandler On the Shore of a Pleistocene Lake: The Wamsutta Site (19-NF-70) M.A.S. In: Bulletin of the Massachusetts Archaeological Society 62 (2001) 52-62. It is a.k.a. Neponset/Wamsutta site.
  3. ^ Hoffman, Curtis (2006). "Late to Transitional Archaic Exchange in Eastern Massachusetts". Archaeology of Eastern North America. 34: 93–94. JSTOR 40914499. 
  4. ^ "Neponset River: A History". MassBike. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved October 17, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Neponset River Reservation". MassParks. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Department of Conservation and Recreation. Retrieved August 17, 2013. 

External links[edit]

River and watershed[edit]

Greenway and recreation[edit]

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