Play Video
1
Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
::2011/10/13::
Play Video
2
Easy to Make Nesting Boxes for Chickens - Chicken Egg Laying Boxes - Chicken Egg Production
Easy to Make Nesting Boxes for Chickens - Chicken Egg Laying Boxes - Chicken Egg Production
::2013/01/15::
Play Video
3
How to clean budgie nest box
How to clean budgie nest box
::2014/01/07::
Play Video
4
Nest Box Bird Cam installation part 1
Nest Box Bird Cam installation part 1
::2013/05/11::
Play Video
5
Wood Ducks leaving nest box
Wood Ducks leaving nest box
::2012/05/10::
Play Video
6
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
::2013/07/07::
Play Video
7
Chicken Nesting Boxes
Chicken Nesting Boxes
::2012/01/08::
Play Video
8
Vision Plastic Nest Box - Review
Vision Plastic Nest Box - Review
::2013/01/30::
Play Video
9
How To Build A Budgie Nest Box
How To Build A Budgie Nest Box
::2013/12/21::
Play Video
10
How To Make Nest Boxes With 5 Gallon Buckets
How To Make Nest Boxes With 5 Gallon Buckets
::2013/01/12::
Play Video
11
Barred Owl Nest Box Build
Barred Owl Nest Box Build
::2010/01/24::
Play Video
12
how to build a LoveBird Nest Box
how to build a LoveBird Nest Box
::2011/03/19::
Play Video
13
How to Build a Rabbit Nest Box for Free
How to Build a Rabbit Nest Box for Free
::2013/03/18::
Play Video
14
"Making a Bluebird Nesting Box" by Owen Keys
"Making a Bluebird Nesting Box" by Owen Keys
::2012/11/08::
Play Video
15
Nestbox incubator  installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
Nestbox incubator installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
::2013/08/27::
Play Video
16
Budgie/Parakeet Nest Box Cleaning
Budgie/Parakeet Nest Box Cleaning
::2012/04/14::
Play Video
17
How to Prepare a Rabbit Nest Box
How to Prepare a Rabbit Nest Box
::2012/10/13::
Play Video
18
How To Make A Home Made Finch Nest Box
How To Make A Home Made Finch Nest Box
::2012/04/01::
Play Video
19
Barn Owl Nest Box Instruction Video 2013
Barn Owl Nest Box Instruction Video 2013
::2013/05/29::
Play Video
20
2012 Jump Day - Wood Ducks Jump from Nest Box
2012 Jump Day - Wood Ducks Jump from Nest Box
::2012/05/23::
Play Video
21
Pet Birds : How to Build Nest Boxes for Budgies
Pet Birds : How to Build Nest Boxes for Budgies
::2009/01/02::
Play Video
22
How to Make a Window Bird House - Nest box (woodlogger.com)
How to Make a Window Bird House - Nest box (woodlogger.com)
::2012/08/24::
Play Video
23
Bumblebee Nest Box
Bumblebee Nest Box
::2013/04/15::
Play Video
24
2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
::2013/03/13::
Play Video
25
Red Bellied Woodpecker in Nest Box
Red Bellied Woodpecker in Nest Box
::2013/09/19::
Play Video
26
Motivation-Perches vs Nest Boxes.m4v
Motivation-Perches vs Nest Boxes.m4v
::2010/10/14::
Play Video
27
Building Bluebird Nest Boxes
Building Bluebird Nest Boxes
::2011/01/21::
Play Video
28
Australian Wood Ducks using a nest box
Australian Wood Ducks using a nest box
::2014/04/05::
Play Video
29
Bumblebee Nest box by Nurturing Nature with anti wax moth door
Bumblebee Nest box by Nurturing Nature with anti wax moth door
::2013/11/28::
Play Video
30
Setting up a Lovebird Nest Box
Setting up a Lovebird Nest Box
::2007/08/08::
Play Video
31
Nest Box - Three Weeks in Three Minutes
Nest Box - Three Weeks in Three Minutes
::2013/06/06::
Play Video
32
Fowl Stuff quick removal nest boxes
Fowl Stuff quick removal nest boxes
::2011/09/09::
Play Video
33
Budgie in home-made nest box
Budgie in home-made nest box
::2011/09/03::
Play Video
34
Eastern Screech Owls Return to Nest Box for 2014
Eastern Screech Owls Return to Nest Box for 2014
::2014/02/22::
Play Video
35
Chicken Nest Box How to Make Your Own
Chicken Nest Box How to Make Your Own
::2013/01/13::
Play Video
36
Bumble Bee Nest Boxes with Aidan - How to set up your own BB Nest box
Bumble Bee Nest Boxes with Aidan - How to set up your own BB Nest box
::2011/05/21::
Play Video
37
Millie Discovers the Nest Box
Millie Discovers the Nest Box
::2009/02/08::
Play Video
38
Üveg hátfalú ablakodú / Transparent-backed window nest box, Budapest (2012)
Üveg hátfalú ablakodú / Transparent-backed window nest box, Budapest (2012)
::2012/05/14::
Play Video
39
House Sparrow Nestbox - Box 1 #3
House Sparrow Nestbox - Box 1 #3
::2013/06/25::
Play Video
40
camera bird  house nest box
camera bird house nest box
::2009/05/09::
Play Video
41
yellow indian ringneck parrot in the nest box
yellow indian ringneck parrot in the nest box
::2013/10/29::
Play Video
42
Red Bellied Woodpecker Inspects Nest Box
Red Bellied Woodpecker Inspects Nest Box
::2014/01/16::
Play Video
43
Vision Nest Box GIVEAWAY!!!!! --(CLOSED)
Vision Nest Box GIVEAWAY!!!!! --(CLOSED)
::2013/02/01::
Play Video
44
Turkey Nest Box
Turkey Nest Box
::2014/05/04::
Play Video
45
Kestrel Nest Box
Kestrel Nest Box
::2013/05/13::
Play Video
46
Roll away nest box
Roll away nest box
::2009/01/11::
Play Video
47
10,000 Nest Boxes for Nuthatches
10,000 Nest Boxes for Nuthatches
::2014/03/19::
Play Video
48
Swifts inspecting a nest box
Swifts inspecting a nest box
::2012/10/28::
Play Video
49
Button Quail: Nest Box
Button Quail: Nest Box
::2013/07/16::
Play Video
50
DIY / How to make a nest box for under $8 in less than 15 minutes.
DIY / How to make a nest box for under $8 in less than 15 minutes.
::2010/04/29::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with whelping box, also known as a nesting box.
Western Bluebird leaving a nest box

A nest box, also spelled nestbox, is a man-made enclosure provided for animals to nest in. Nest boxes are most frequently utilized for birds, in which case they are also called birdhouses, but some mammalian species may also use them. Placing nestboxes or roosting boxes may also be used to help maintain populations of particular species in an area. The nest box was invented by the British conservationist Charles Waterton in the early 19th century to encourage more birdlife on the wildfowl and nature reserve he set up on his estate.[1]

Construction[edit]

General construction[edit]

Several bird houses

Nest boxes are usually wooden, although the purple martin will nest in metal.[2] Some boxes are made from a mixture of wood and concrete, called woodcrete.[citation needed]

Nest boxes should be made from untreated wood with an overhanging, sloped roof, a recessed floor, drainage and ventilation holes, a way to access the interior for monitoring and cleaning, and have no outside perches which could assist predators.[3] Boxes may either have an entrance hole or be open-fronted.[citation needed] Some nest boxes can be highly decorated and complex, sometimes mimicking human houses or other structures. They may also contain nest box cameras so that use of, and activity within, the box can be monitored.[4]

Bird nest box construction[edit]

Birdhouses in Gramercy Park, New York City, note the use of different diameter entrance holes

The diameter of the opening in a nest-box has a very strong influence on the species of birds that will use the box. Many small birds select boxes with a hole only just large enough for an adult bird to pass through. This may be an adaptation to prevent other birds from raiding it. In European countries, an opening of 2,5 cm in diameter will attract Poecile palustris, Poecile montanus; an opening of 2,8 cm in diameter will attract Ficedula hypoleuca, and an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Parus major, Passer montanus, an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Passer domesticus[5]

The size of the nest box also affects the bird species likely to use the box. Very small boxes attract wrens and treecreepers and very large ones may attract ducks and owls. Seasonally removing old nest material and parasites is important if they are to be successfully re-used.

The material used in the construction may also be significant. Sparrows have been shown to prefer woodcrete boxes rather than wooden ones. Birds nesting in woodcrete sites had earlier clutches, a shorter incubation period, and more reproductive success, perhaps because the synthetic nests were warmer than their wooden counterparts.[6]

Placement of the nest box obviously is also significant. Some birds (including birds of prey[7][8]) prefer their nest box to be at an optimum height. Some birds (such as ducks) prefer nest sites them to be very low or even at ground level. For many birds orientation relative to the sun is of importance with many birds preferring an orientation away from direct sun and sheltered from the prevailing rain.[9]

Bat nest box construction[edit]

A typical bat house affixed to a tree trunk

Bat boxes differ from bird nest-boxes in typical design, with the larger opening on the underside of the box, and are more often referred to as roost boxes, although in regards to the rearing of young, they serve the same purpose. Threatened bat species can be locally supported with the provision of appropriately placed bat-boxes. Bats are a means of natural mosquito and insect control in some parts of the world. A single bat can eat 500 to 1,000 mosquitoes per night[10] as well as other insect pests.[11] Directions for making the open bottom bat houses for small and large colonies,[12][13] as well as locations to purchase them are available on the internet.[14] Bat houses are an ecologically friendly way of controlling mosquitoes as pesticides mostly kill the mosquitoes' predators rather than mosquitoes.[13] Australian Bat Box projects have been running for over 12 years in particular at the Organ Pipes National Park. Currently there are 42 roost boxes using the "Stebbings Design" which have peaked at 280 bats roosting in them. The biggest problem with roosting boxes of any kind is the ongoing maintenance; problems include boxes falling down, wood deteriorating, and pests such as ants, the occasional rat, possums, and spiders.

Other creatures[edit]

caption
An unusual case of two wasp nests inside one nest box purposefully set for Boreal Owls.

Nest boxes are marketed not only for birds and bats, but also for butterflies[15] and other mammals, especially arboreal ones such as squirrels and opossums. Depending on the animal, these boxes are used for roosting,[citation needed] breeding,[citation needed] or both. Or, as in the case with butterflies, hibernation.[15]

Wasps may build their nests inside a nest box intended for other animals, and may exclude the intended species.

Birdhouses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charles Waterton (1782 - 1865)". Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  2. ^ "Before Buying a Birdhouse". Duncraft's Wild Bird Blog. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Attracting Birds With Nest Boxes". The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Phillips, Tina; Cooper, Caren. "Lights, Camera, Action! Nest Box Cam technology reveals rarely seen events". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  5. ^ HDRA encyclopedia of organic gardening by Pauline Spears
  6. ^ García-Navas, Vicente; Arroyo, Luis; Sanz, Juan José; Díaz, Mario (2008). "Effect of nestbox type on occupancy and breeding biology of tree sparrows Passer montanus in central Spain" (PDF). Ibis 150: 356–364. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2008.00799.x. 
  7. ^ Falcon nest box position
  8. ^ Various nest box designs (various species)
  9. ^ Siting a nest-box - RSPB
  10. ^ "Bats and Bat Houses". Mosquito Abatement District-Davis Headquarters, Kaysville, UT. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  11. ^ McAvoy, Gene. "Hendry County Horticulture News: Bats Eat Mosquitoes as Well as Numerous Garden Pests". University of Florida; Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  12. ^ "Single chamber bat house (wall mounted)". Bat Conservation International. Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  13. ^ a b Brown, Carla. "Why I Built A Bat House". National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  14. ^ Boleky, Vaughan (2005–2006). "Why Are Bat Houses Important?". Organization for Bat Conservation. Archived from the original on 2007-11-10. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  15. ^ a b Nina Bergström. "Fixa fint för fjärilarna", Expressen, 16 June 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011. (In Swedish)

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014