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Chicken Coop inside a Greenhouse - Best Nest Box in Hawaii!
Chicken Coop inside a Greenhouse - Best Nest Box in Hawaii!
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Best Nest Box
What size should chicken nest boxes be?
What size should chicken nest boxes be?
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: John Suscovich
Best Nest Box - Installing Nests for the Chickens
Best Nest Box - Installing Nests for the Chickens
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: How Farms Work
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
Published: 2013/07/07
Channel: Bird Spy Australia
Great Tit Nestbox 2014
Great Tit Nestbox 2014
Published: 2015/11/21
Channel: olivenite96
How to Make Chicken Nest Boxes For Under $30
How to Make Chicken Nest Boxes For Under $30
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Becky's Homestead
When to give a pregnant rabbit a nest box
When to give a pregnant rabbit a nest box
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: Great Cove Adventures
Roll out nest boxes.  For Egg Eaters & Cleaner Eggs.
Roll out nest boxes. For Egg Eaters & Cleaner Eggs.
Published: 2011/07/19
Channel: Dawseyandsons
Joel Salatin Style Coops Updated with Best Nest Box
Joel Salatin Style Coops Updated with Best Nest Box
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Best Nest Box
DIY Chicken Nest Boxes // The Easy Egg Collection Way!
DIY Chicken Nest Boxes // The Easy Egg Collection Way!
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: We Like To Make Things
100 Laying Hens on Pasture with Rollout Nest Boxes
100 Laying Hens on Pasture with Rollout Nest Boxes
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Best Nest Box
How to build a double chicken nesting box for under $10
How to build a double chicken nesting box for under $10
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: Jungle Explorer
Roll away nest boxes
Roll away nest boxes
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: FarmLifeNC
How to keep your eggs clean and unbroken - Community Rollout Nest Box - HenGear.com
How to keep your eggs clean and unbroken - Community Rollout Nest Box - HenGear.com
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: HenGear
Building a nest box for a chicken coop you can check from outside
Building a nest box for a chicken coop you can check from outside
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: gscforester
Black-capped Chickadee Nest Box
Black-capped Chickadee Nest Box
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: The Hummingbird Guide
Roll away nest boxes
Roll away nest boxes
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: ta fishman
Budgie nest box
Budgie nest box
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Lovebird Valley
When to Remove the Nest Box
When to Remove the Nest Box
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Slightly Rednecked
5 Gallon Bucket Nest Box for Chickens
5 Gallon Bucket Nest Box for Chickens
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Natural-Gardening
Barn Owl Nest Box Instruction Video 2013
Barn Owl Nest Box Instruction Video 2013
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: BarnOwlCentre
Woodpecker Couple Inspects Nest Box
Woodpecker Couple Inspects Nest Box
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: MyBackyardBirding
THE PERFECT NESTING BOX
THE PERFECT NESTING BOX
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: Jessica Ricketts
Chicken Nesting Boxes
Chicken Nesting Boxes
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: Shortaxe
Building A RSPB Birdhouse / Nesting Box
Building A RSPB Birdhouse / Nesting Box
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Life in the Mancave
Chicken Nest Boxes: What Size and How Many?
Chicken Nest Boxes: What Size and How Many?
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: Cole's Backyard Coop
Buckethead - Pike 123 - Nest Boxes
Buckethead - Pike 123 - Nest Boxes
Published: 2015/03/29
Channel: HumanoBeing
How To Build A Budgie Nest Box
How To Build A Budgie Nest Box
Published: 2013/12/21
Channel: Bobdrinksalot
How to Make Nest Box Concave Inserts
How to Make Nest Box Concave Inserts
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Caryotagigas Birds Animals Palms
Installing a Parakeet Nesting Box
Installing a Parakeet Nesting Box
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: The Parakeet Perch
Lovebird Nest Box | Can I Build It? Episode 05 | BirdSpyAus
Lovebird Nest Box | Can I Build It? Episode 05 | BirdSpyAus
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Bird Spy Australia
Simple Finch Nest Box | Can I Build It? Episode 04
Simple Finch Nest Box | Can I Build It? Episode 04
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: Bird Spy Australia
Rollout Chicken Nest Box - Stop egg eaters and collect clean eggs - bestnestbox.com
Rollout Chicken Nest Box - Stop egg eaters and collect clean eggs - bestnestbox.com
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Best Nest Box
How to Choose the Best Barn Owl Nestbox Design
How to Choose the Best Barn Owl Nestbox Design
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: BarnOwlTrust
Secret Camera in Barn Owl Nestbox
Secret Camera in Barn Owl Nestbox
Published: 2014/05/05
Channel: Cascades Raptor Center
Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: Bill Oddie's Bird Food Recipes
How to STOP chickens from sleeping in nest boxes! (CC)
How to STOP chickens from sleeping in nest boxes! (CC)
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: Sunny Hilltop
Cockatiels Checking The Nest Box
Cockatiels Checking The Nest Box
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: The Aviary Garden
Nestbox incubator  installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
Nestbox incubator installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: süleyman kızıklıoğlu
Pasture Chicken Tractor Experiment with New Large Best Nest Box
Pasture Chicken Tractor Experiment with New Large Best Nest Box
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Best Nest Box
How to make a bumblebee nest box
How to make a bumblebee nest box
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: Dave Goulson
How to Choose the Best Tree for a Barn Owl Nestbox
How to Choose the Best Tree for a Barn Owl Nestbox
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: BarnOwlTrust
Don
Don't get Bitten/Get bedding in Macaw nest box p2
Published: 2012/07/15
Channel: Mike's DIY Projects & More
2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: agile1111
Australian Wood Ducks using a nest box
Australian Wood Ducks using a nest box
Published: 2014/04/05
Channel: gioecoenviro
How to make kabqain or pigeons nest boxes at cheapest price in pakistan
How to make kabqain or pigeons nest boxes at cheapest price in pakistan
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: blessy khan
Robin Building Nest in Nest Box
Robin Building Nest in Nest Box
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Cliff Harvey
American Kestrel Nest Box Study - Full length documentary
American Kestrel Nest Box Study - Full length documentary
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Wild Film Chronicles
American Kestrel Fights an Invasive European Starling for Nestbox
American Kestrel Fights an Invasive European Starling for Nestbox
Published: 2014/05/30
Channel: The Peregrine Fund
Success! New Nesting Box Love!
Success! New Nesting Box Love!
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Appalachia's Homestead with Patara
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Western bluebird leaving a nest box

A nest box, also spelled nestbox, is a man-made enclosure provided for animals to nest in. Nest boxes are most frequently utilized for birds, in which case they are also called birdhouses or a birdbox/bird box, but some mammalian species may also use them. Placing nestboxes or roosting boxes may also be used to help maintain populations of particular species in an area. The nest box was invented by the British conservationist Charles Waterton in the early 19th century to encourage more birdlife and wildfowl on the nature reserve he set up on his estate.[1]

Construction[edit]

General construction[edit]

Nest boxes are usually wooden, although the purple martin will nest in metal.[2] Some boxes are made from a mixture of wood and concrete, called woodcrete.[3]

Nest boxes should be made from untreated wood with an overhanging, sloped roof, a recessed floor, drainage and ventilation holes, a way to access the interior for monitoring and cleaning, and have no outside perches which could assist predators.[4] Boxes may either have an entrance hole or be open-fronted.[5] Some nest boxes can be highly decorated and complex, sometimes mimicking human houses or other structures. They may also contain nest box cameras so that use of, and activity within, the box can be monitored.[6]

Constructing birdhouses can often require a plethora of tools, for more concise craftsmanship.

Bird nest box construction[edit]

Birdhouses in Gramercy Park, New York City, note the use of different diameter entrance holes

The diameter of the opening in a nest-box has a very strong influence on the species of birds that will use the box. Many small birds select boxes with a hole only just large enough for an adult bird to pass through. This may be an adaptation to prevent other birds from raiding it. In European countries, an opening of 2.5 cm in diameter will attract Poecile palustris, Poecile montanus; an opening of 2.8 cm in diameter will attract Ficedula hypoleuca, and an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Parus major, Passer montanus, an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Passer domesticus.[7]

The size of the nest box also affects the bird species likely to use the box. Very small boxes attract wrens and treecreepers and very large ones may attract ducks and owls. Seasonally removing old nest material and parasites is important if they are to be successfully re-used.

The material used in the construction may also be significant. Sparrows have been shown to prefer woodcrete boxes rather than wooden ones. Birds nesting in woodcrete sites had earlier clutches, a shorter incubation period, and more reproductive success, perhaps because the synthetic nests were warmer than their wooden counterparts.[8]

Placement of the nest box obviously is also significant. Some birds (including birds of prey[9][10]) prefer their nest box to be at an optimum height. Some birds (such as ducks) prefer nest sites them to be very low or even at ground level. For many birds orientation relative to the sun is of importance with many birds preferring an orientation away from direct sun and sheltered from the prevailing rain.[11]

Bat box construction[edit]

A typical bat house affixed to a tree trunk

Bat boxes differ from bird nest-boxes in typical design, with the larger opening on the underside of the box, and are more often referred to as bat boxes, although in regard to the rearing of young, they serve the same purpose. Some threatened bat species can be locally supported with the provision of appropriately placed bat-boxes, however species that roost in foliage or large cavities will not use bat boxes. Bat boxes are typically made out of wood, and there are several designs for boxes with single or multiple chambers. Directions for making the open bottom bat houses for small and large colonies,[12][13] as well as locations to purchase them are available on the internet.[14] Colour and placement is important to ensuring that bat boxes are used; bat boxes that are too shaded will not heat up enough to attract a maternity colony of bats. Australian bat box projects have been running for over 12 years in particular at the Organ Pipes National Park. Currently there are 42 roost boxes using the "Stebbings Design" which have peaked at 280 bats roosting in them. The biggest problem with roosting boxes of any kind is the ongoing maintenance; problems include boxes falling down, wood deteriorating, and pests such as ants, the occasional rat, possums, and spiders.

Other creatures[edit]

caption
Two wasp nests inside a nest box set for boreal owls.

Nest boxes are marketed not only for birds, but also for butterflies[15] and other mammals, especially arboreal ones such as squirrels and opossums. Depending on the animal, these boxes may be used for roosting, breeding, or both. Or, as in the case with butterflies, hibernation.[15]

Wasps may build their nests inside a nest box intended for other animals, and may exclude the intended species.

Birdhouses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charles Waterton (1782 - 1865)". Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  2. ^ "Before Buying a Birdhouse". Duncraft's Wild Bird Blog. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Browne, Stephen J. (2006-07-01). "Effect of nestbox construction and colour on the occupancy and breeding success of nesting tits Parus spp". Bird Study. 53 (2): 187–192. doi:10.1080/00063650609461432. ISSN 0006-3657. 
  4. ^ "Attracting Birds With Nest Boxes". The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Putting up a nest box | BTO - British Trust for Ornithology". www.bto.org. Retrieved 2017-03-05. 
  6. ^ Phillips, Tina; Cooper, Caren. "Lights, Camera, Action! Nest Box Cam technology reveals rarely seen events". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Pauline Pears (2005), HDRA encyclopedia of organic gardening, Dorling Kindersley, ISBN 978-1405308915 
  8. ^ García-Navas, Vicente; Arroyo, Luis; Sanz, Juan José; Díaz, Mario (2008). "Effect of nestbox type on occupancy and breeding biology of tree sparrows Passer montanus in central Spain" (PDF). Ibis. 150: 356–364. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2008.00799.x. 
  9. ^ Falcon nest box position
  10. ^ Various nest box designs (various species)
  11. ^ Siting a nest-box - RSPB
  12. ^ "Single chamber bat house (wall mounted)". Bat Conservation International. Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  13. ^ Brown, Carla. "Why I Built A Bat House". National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  14. ^ Boleky, Vaughan (2005–2006). "Why Are Bat Houses Important?". Organization for Bat Conservation. Archived from the original on 2007-11-10. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  15. ^ a b Nina Bergström. "Fixa fint för fjärilarna", Expressen, 16 June 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011. (In Swedish)

External links[edit]


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