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Chicken Coop inside a Greenhouse - Best Nest Box in Hawaii!
Chicken Coop inside a Greenhouse - Best Nest Box in Hawaii!
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Best Nest Box
What size should chicken nest boxes be?
What size should chicken nest boxes be?
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: John Suscovich
Best Nest Box - Installing Nests for the Chickens
Best Nest Box - Installing Nests for the Chickens
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: How Farms Work
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
Published: 2013/07/07
Channel: Bird Spy Australia
Woodpecker Couple Inspects Nest Box
Woodpecker Couple Inspects Nest Box
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: MyBackyardBirding
How To Build A Budgie Nest Box
How To Build A Budgie Nest Box
Published: 2013/12/21
Channel: Bobdrinksalot
Great Tit Nestbox 2014
Great Tit Nestbox 2014
Published: 2015/11/21
Channel: olivenite96
Roll away nest boxes
Roll away nest boxes
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: FarmLifeNC
How to build a double chicken nesting box for under $10
How to build a double chicken nesting box for under $10
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: Jungle Explorer
2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: agile1111
SIZES OF NEST BOXES OF BUDGIES, COCKATIELS AND LOVEBIRDS URDU/HINDI
SIZES OF NEST BOXES OF BUDGIES, COCKATIELS AND LOVEBIRDS URDU/HINDI
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: BUDGIES INFO
Building a nest box for a chicken coop you can check from outside
Building a nest box for a chicken coop you can check from outside
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: gscforester
The BEST way to collect clean eggs! - Best Nest Box
The BEST way to collect clean eggs! - Best Nest Box
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Best Nest Box
Roll away nest boxes
Roll away nest boxes
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: ta fishman
Inside A Lovebird Nest Box
Inside A Lovebird Nest Box
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Dave Sherva
Budgie nest box
Budgie nest box
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Lovebird Valley
THE PERFECT NESTING BOX
THE PERFECT NESTING BOX
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: Jessica Ricketts
Large Rabbit Nest Boxes
Large Rabbit Nest Boxes
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: jnull0
Chicken Nesting Boxes
Chicken Nesting Boxes
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: Shortaxe
DIY Chicken Nest Boxes // The Easy Egg Collection Way!
DIY Chicken Nest Boxes // The Easy Egg Collection Way!
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: We Like To Make Things
Hens want the same nest box - NEST WARS !   Warning: graphic footage of nest box behaviour
Hens want the same nest box - NEST WARS ! Warning: graphic footage of nest box behaviour
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Chickens in my garden
Getting chickens to lay eggs inside nesting boxes
Getting chickens to lay eggs inside nesting boxes
Published: 2014/12/11
Channel: John Suscovich
5 Gallon Bucket Nest Box for Chickens
5 Gallon Bucket Nest Box for Chickens
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Natural-Gardening
Super Simple Cardboard Nestbox ☆HAMSTER DIY☆
Super Simple Cardboard Nestbox ☆HAMSTER DIY☆
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: VanillaHamHam
HenGear Rollout Nest Box - No more cracked eggs or dirty eggs - Pasture chickens - HenGear.com
HenGear Rollout Nest Box - No more cracked eggs or dirty eggs - Pasture chickens - HenGear.com
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: HenGear
Roll out nest boxes.  For Egg Eaters & Cleaner Eggs.
Roll out nest boxes. For Egg Eaters & Cleaner Eggs.
Published: 2011/07/19
Channel: Dawseyandsons
Chicken Nest Boxes: What Size and How Many?
Chicken Nest Boxes: What Size and How Many?
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: Cole's Backyard Coop
How to clean budgie nest box
How to clean budgie nest box 'BUDGIE WHISPERER'
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: Budgie Whisperer
Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
Published: 2011/10/13
Channel: Bill Oddie's Bird Food Recipes
How to keep your eggs clean and unbroken - Community Rollout Nest Box - HenGear.com
How to keep your eggs clean and unbroken - Community Rollout Nest Box - HenGear.com
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: HenGear
Nestbox incubator  installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
Nestbox incubator installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: süleyman kızıklıoğlu
DIY Chicken Nest Box Assembly
DIY Chicken Nest Box Assembly
Published: 2015/03/15
Channel: Megan from Linn Acres Farm
Budgie/Parakeet Nest Box Cleaning
Budgie/Parakeet Nest Box Cleaning
Published: 2012/04/14
Channel: BudgieBonkers
How to Make Chicken Nest Boxes For Under $30
How to Make Chicken Nest Boxes For Under $30
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Becky's Homestead
Rollaway roll out nest box clean eggs every day
Rollaway roll out nest box clean eggs every day
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: Richard Perkins
Cockatiels Checking The Nest Box
Cockatiels Checking The Nest Box
Published: 2015/03/31
Channel: The Aviary Garden
HenGear Reversible Rollout Nest Box - Assembly Video - HenGear.com
HenGear Reversible Rollout Nest Box - Assembly Video - HenGear.com
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: HenGear
Red-tail hawk pull screech owl out of nest box
Red-tail hawk pull screech owl out of nest box
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: Bill Powers
When to Remove the Nest Box
When to Remove the Nest Box
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Slightly Rednecked
100 Laying Hens on Pasture with Rollout Nest Boxes
100 Laying Hens on Pasture with Rollout Nest Boxes
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Best Nest Box
10 top tips for nest boxes your hens will love to lay in
10 top tips for nest boxes your hens will love to lay in
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: Chickens in my garden
House wren attacks Chickadee nest box with chicks
House wren attacks Chickadee nest box with chicks
Published: 2014/05/30
Channel: PixController
Gouldian Finch breeding cage with nest box
Gouldian Finch breeding cage with nest box
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Big fancy
tit-cuckoo feeding in nest box
tit-cuckoo feeding in nest box
Published: 2014/03/24
Channel: Peter Samas
Making a Pottery Ceramic Bird House / Nest Box on the Wheel : Prototype attempt : 1
Making a Pottery Ceramic Bird House / Nest Box on the Wheel : Prototype attempt : 1
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Ingleton Pottery
Secret Camera in Barn Owl Nestbox
Secret Camera in Barn Owl Nestbox
Published: 2014/05/05
Channel: Cascades Raptor Center
How to Build a Rabbit Nest Box for Free
How to Build a Rabbit Nest Box for Free
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: RedEyeRabbitry
How to STOP chickens from sleeping in nest boxes! (CC)
How to STOP chickens from sleeping in nest boxes! (CC)
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: Sunny Hilltop
Black-capped Chickadee Nest Box
Black-capped Chickadee Nest Box
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: The Hummingbird Guide
Make Barn Owl Nest Boxes
Make Barn Owl Nest Boxes
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: Hill Tribe Media
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Western bluebird leaving a nest box

A nest box, also spelled nestbox, is a man-made enclosure provided for animals to nest in. Nest boxes are most frequently utilized for birds, in which case they are also called birdhouses or a birdbox/bird box, but some mammalian species may also use them. Placing nestboxes or roosting boxes may also be used to help maintain populations of particular species in an area. The nest box was invented by the British conservationist Charles Waterton in the early 19th century to encourage more birdlife and wildfowl on the nature reserve he set up on his estate.[1]

Construction[edit]

General construction[edit]

Nest boxes are usually wooden, although the purple martin will nest in metal.[2] Some boxes are made from a mixture of wood and concrete, called woodcrete.[3]

Nest boxes should be made from untreated wood with an overhanging, sloped roof, a recessed floor, drainage and ventilation holes, a way to access the interior for monitoring and cleaning, and have no outside perches which could assist predators.[4] Boxes may either have an entrance hole or be open-fronted.[5] Some nest boxes can be highly decorated and complex, sometimes mimicking human houses or other structures. They may also contain nest box cameras so that use of, and activity within, the box can be monitored.[6]

Bird nest box construction[edit]

Birdhouses in Gramercy Park, New York City, note the use of different diameter entrance holes

The diameter of the opening in a nest-box has a very strong influence on the species of birds that will use the box. Many small birds select boxes with a hole only just large enough for an adult bird to pass through. This may be an adaptation to prevent other birds from raiding it. In European countries, an opening of 2.5 cm in diameter will attract Poecile palustris, Poecile montanus; an opening of 2.8 cm in diameter will attract Ficedula hypoleuca, and an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Parus major, Passer montanus, an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Passer domesticus.[7]

The size of the nest box also affects the bird species likely to use the box. Very small boxes attract wrens and treecreepers and very large ones may attract ducks and owls. Seasonally removing old nest material and parasites is important if they are to be successfully re-used.

The material used in the construction may also be significant. Sparrows have been shown to prefer woodcrete boxes rather than wooden ones. Birds nesting in woodcrete sites had earlier clutches, a shorter incubation period, and more reproductive success, perhaps because the synthetic nests were warmer than their wooden counterparts.[8]

Placement of the nest box obviously is also significant. Some birds (including birds of prey[9][10]) prefer their nest box to be at an optimum height. Some birds (such as ducks) prefer nest sites them to be very low or even at ground level. For many birds orientation relative to the sun is of importance with many birds preferring an orientation away from direct sun and sheltered from the prevailing rain.[11]

Bat box construction[edit]

A typical bat house affixed to a tree trunk

Bat boxes differ from bird nest-boxes in typical design, with the larger opening on the underside of the box, and are more often referred to as bat boxes, although in regard to the rearing of young, they serve the same purpose. Some threatened bat species can be locally supported with the provision of appropriately placed bat-boxes, however species that roost in foliage or large cavities will not use bat boxes. Bat boxes are typically made out of wood, and there are several designs for boxes with single or multiple chambers. Directions for making the open bottom bat houses for small and large colonies,[12][13] as well as locations to purchase them are available on the internet.[14] Colour and placement is important to ensuring that bat boxes are used; bat boxes that are too shaded will not heat up enough to attract a maternity colony of bats. Australian bat box projects have been running for over 12 years in particular at the Organ Pipes National Park. Currently there are 42 roost boxes using the "Stebbings Design" which have peaked at 280 bats roosting in them. The biggest problem with roosting boxes of any kind is the ongoing maintenance; problems include boxes falling down, wood deteriorating, and pests such as ants, the occasional rat, possums, and spiders.

Other creatures[edit]

caption
Two wasp nests inside a nest box set for boreal owls.

Nest boxes are marketed not only for birds, but also for butterflies[15] and other mammals, especially arboreal ones such as squirrels and opossums. Depending on the animal, these boxes may be used for roosting, breeding, or both. Or, as in the case with butterflies, hibernation.[15]

Wasps may build their nests inside a nest box intended for other animals, and may exclude the intended species.

Birdhouses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charles Waterton (1782 - 1865)". Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  2. ^ "Before Buying a Birdhouse". Duncraft's Wild Bird Blog. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Browne, Stephen J. (2006-07-01). "Effect of nestbox construction and colour on the occupancy and breeding success of nesting tits Parus spp.". Bird Study. 53 (2): 187–192. ISSN 0006-3657. doi:10.1080/00063650609461432. 
  4. ^ "Attracting Birds With Nest Boxes". The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Putting up a nest box | BTO - British Trust for Ornithology". www.bto.org. Retrieved 2017-03-05. 
  6. ^ Phillips, Tina; Cooper, Caren. "Lights, Camera, Action! Nest Box Cam technology reveals rarely seen events". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Pauline Pears (2005), HDRA encyclopedia of organic gardening, Dorling Kindersley, ISBN 978-1405308915 
  8. ^ García-Navas, Vicente; Arroyo, Luis; Sanz, Juan José; Díaz, Mario (2008). "Effect of nestbox type on occupancy and breeding biology of tree sparrows Passer montanus in central Spain" (PDF). Ibis. 150: 356–364. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2008.00799.x. 
  9. ^ Falcon nest box position
  10. ^ Various nest box designs (various species)
  11. ^ Siting a nest-box - RSPB
  12. ^ "Single chamber bat house (wall mounted)". Bat Conservation International. Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  13. ^ Brown, Carla. "Why I Built A Bat House". National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  14. ^ Boleky, Vaughan (2005–2006). "Why Are Bat Houses Important?". Organization for Bat Conservation. Archived from the original on 2007-11-10. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  15. ^ a b Nina Bergström. "Fixa fint för fjärilarna", Expressen, 16 June 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011. (In Swedish)

External links[edit]


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