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Nest Box Bird Cam installation part 1
Nest Box Bird Cam installation part 1
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Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
Which nest box should I choose? And when should I put up a nest box? #AskBillOddie
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How to clean budgie nest box 'BUDGIE WHISPERER'
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How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
How To: Build a Budgie Nest Box | BirdSpyAus
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How To Build A Budgie Nest Box
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Easy to Make Nesting Boxes for Chickens - Chicken Egg Laying Boxes - Chicken Egg Production
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Wood Ducks leaving nest box
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Vision Plastic Nest Box - Review
Vision Plastic Nest Box - Review
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Barred Owl Nest Box Build
Barred Owl Nest Box Build
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how to build a LoveBird Nest Box
how to build a LoveBird Nest Box
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How to Build a Rabbit Nest Box for Free
How to Build a Rabbit Nest Box for Free
::2013/03/18::
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Budgie/Parakeet Nest Box Cleaning
Budgie/Parakeet Nest Box Cleaning
::2012/04/14::
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2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
2013 - Bluebirds check out nest box!
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How To Make A Home Made Finch Nest Box
How To Make A Home Made Finch Nest Box
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"Making a Bluebird Nesting Box" by Owen Keys
"Making a Bluebird Nesting Box" by Owen Keys
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Barn Owl Nest Box Instruction Video 2013
Barn Owl Nest Box Instruction Video 2013
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How to Prepare a Rabbit Nest Box
How to Prepare a Rabbit Nest Box
::2012/10/13::
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2012 Jump Day - Wood Ducks Jump from Nest Box
2012 Jump Day - Wood Ducks Jump from Nest Box
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Chicken Nest Box How to Make Your Own
Chicken Nest Box How to Make Your Own
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How to Make a Window Bird House - Nest box (woodlogger.com)
How to Make a Window Bird House - Nest box (woodlogger.com)
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Nestbox incubator  installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
Nestbox incubator installation .Nestbox kuluçka makinesi kurulumu
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Pet Birds : How to Build Nest Boxes for Budgies
Pet Birds : How to Build Nest Boxes for Budgies
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Australian Wood Ducks using a nest box
Australian Wood Ducks using a nest box
::2014/04/05::
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Budgie in home-made nest box
Budgie in home-made nest box
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Making a Pottery Ceramic Bird House / Nest Box on the Wheel : Prototype attempt : 1
Making a Pottery Ceramic Bird House / Nest Box on the Wheel : Prototype attempt : 1
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Motivation-Perches vs Nest Boxes.m4v
Motivation-Perches vs Nest Boxes.m4v
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How To Make Nest Boxes With 5 Gallon Buckets
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Building Bluebird Nest Boxes
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Millie Discovers the Nest Box
Millie Discovers the Nest Box
::2009/02/08::
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Setting up a Lovebird Nest Box
Setting up a Lovebird Nest Box
::2007/08/08::
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Nest Box - Three Weeks in Three Minutes
Nest Box - Three Weeks in Three Minutes
::2013/06/06::
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Eastern Screech Owls Return to Nest Box for 2014
Eastern Screech Owls Return to Nest Box for 2014
::2014/02/22::
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my Lovebirds nesting Materials and their nest box
my Lovebirds nesting Materials and their nest box
::2011/08/25::
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yellow indian ringneck parrot in the nest box
yellow indian ringneck parrot in the nest box
::2013/10/29::
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Turkey Nest Box
Turkey Nest Box
::2014/05/04::
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House Sparrow Nestbox - Box 1 #3
House Sparrow Nestbox - Box 1 #3
::2013/06/25::
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10,000 Nest Boxes for Nuthatches
10,000 Nest Boxes for Nuthatches
::2014/03/19::
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Fowl Stuff quick removal nest boxes
Fowl Stuff quick removal nest boxes
::2011/09/09::
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Bumblebee Nest box by Nurturing Nature with anti wax moth door
Bumblebee Nest box by Nurturing Nature with anti wax moth door
::2013/11/28::
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Kestrel Nest Box
Kestrel Nest Box
::2013/05/13::
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House wren attacks Chickadee nest box with chicks
House wren attacks Chickadee nest box with chicks
::2014/05/30::
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Üveg hátfalú ablakodú / Transparent-backed window nest box, Budapest (2012)
Üveg hátfalú ablakodú / Transparent-backed window nest box, Budapest (2012)
::2012/05/14::
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Red Squirrel Babies in Nest Box
Red Squirrel Babies in Nest Box
::2014/05/11::
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44
Lovebird laid 2 egg in the nest box.
Lovebird laid 2 egg in the nest box.
::2010/07/28::
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45
camera bird  house nest box
camera bird house nest box
::2009/05/09::
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46
Budgies playing with nestbox
Budgies playing with nestbox
::2013/12/28::
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47
Red Bellied Woodpecker Inspects Nest Box
Red Bellied Woodpecker Inspects Nest Box
::2014/01/16::
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48
The nest box tells the story
The nest box tells the story
::2008/10/02::
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49
Great Crested Flycatcher Nest Box Documentary
Great Crested Flycatcher Nest Box Documentary
::2014/05/30::
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Red Bellied Woodpecker in Nest Box
Red Bellied Woodpecker in Nest Box
::2013/09/19::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with whelping box, also known as a nesting box.
Western Bluebird leaving a nest box

A nest box, also spelled nestbox, is a man-made enclosure provided for animals to nest in. Nest boxes are most frequently utilized for birds, in which case they are also called birdhouses or a birdbox/bird box, but some mammalian species may also use them. Placing nestboxes or roosting boxes may also be used to help maintain populations of particular species in an area. The nest box was invented by the British conservationist Charles Waterton in the early 19th century to encourage more birdlife on the wildfowl and nature reserve he set up on his estate.[1]

Construction[edit]

General construction[edit]

Several bird houses

Nest boxes are usually wooden, although the purple martin will nest in metal.[2] Some boxes are made from a mixture of wood and concrete, called woodcrete.[citation needed]

Nest boxes should be made from untreated wood with an overhanging, sloped roof, a recessed floor, drainage and ventilation holes, a way to access the interior for monitoring and cleaning, and have no outside perches which could assist predators.[3] Boxes may either have an entrance hole or be open-fronted.[citation needed] Some nest boxes can be highly decorated and complex, sometimes mimicking human houses or other structures. They may also contain nest box cameras so that use of, and activity within, the box can be monitored.[4]

Bird nest box construction[edit]

Birdhouses in Gramercy Park, New York City, note the use of different diameter entrance holes

The diameter of the opening in a nest-box has a very strong influence on the species of birds that will use the box. Many small birds select boxes with a hole only just large enough for an adult bird to pass through. This may be an adaptation to prevent other birds from raiding it. In European countries, an opening of 2,5 cm in diameter will attract Poecile palustris, Poecile montanus; an opening of 2,8 cm in diameter will attract Ficedula hypoleuca, and an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Parus major, Passer montanus, an opening of 3 cm in diameter will attract Passer domesticus[5]

The size of the nest box also affects the bird species likely to use the box. Very small boxes attract wrens and treecreepers and very large ones may attract ducks and owls. Seasonally removing old nest material and parasites is important if they are to be successfully re-used.

The material used in the construction may also be significant. Sparrows have been shown to prefer woodcrete boxes rather than wooden ones. Birds nesting in woodcrete sites had earlier clutches, a shorter incubation period, and more reproductive success, perhaps because the synthetic nests were warmer than their wooden counterparts.[6]

Placement of the nest box obviously is also significant. Some birds (including birds of prey[7][8]) prefer their nest box to be at an optimum height. Some birds (such as ducks) prefer nest sites them to be very low or even at ground level. For many birds orientation relative to the sun is of importance with many birds preferring an orientation away from direct sun and sheltered from the prevailing rain.[9]

Bat nest box construction[edit]

A typical bat house affixed to a tree trunk

Bat boxes differ from bird nest-boxes in typical design, with the larger opening on the underside of the box, and are more often referred to as roost boxes, although in regards to the rearing of young, they serve the same purpose. Threatened bat species can be locally supported with the provision of appropriately placed bat-boxes. Bats are a means of natural mosquito and insect control in some parts of the world. A single bat can eat 500 to 1,000 mosquitoes per night[10] as well as other insect pests.[11] Directions for making the open bottom bat houses for small and large colonies,[12][13] as well as locations to purchase them are available on the internet.[14] Bat houses are an ecologically friendly way of controlling mosquitoes as pesticides mostly kill the mosquitoes' predators rather than mosquitoes.[13] Australian Bat Box projects have been running for over 12 years in particular at the Organ Pipes National Park. Currently there are 42 roost boxes using the "Stebbings Design" which have peaked at 280 bats roosting in them. The biggest problem with roosting boxes of any kind is the ongoing maintenance; problems include boxes falling down, wood deteriorating, and pests such as ants, the occasional rat, possums, and spiders.

Other creatures[edit]

caption
An unusual case of two wasp nests inside one nest box purposefully set for Boreal Owls.

Nest boxes are marketed not only for birds and bats, but also for butterflies[15] and other mammals, especially arboreal ones such as squirrels and opossums. Depending on the animal, these boxes are used for roosting,[citation needed] breeding,[citation needed] or both. Or, as in the case with butterflies, hibernation.[15]

Wasps may build their nests inside a nest box intended for other animals, and may exclude the intended species.

Birdhouses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charles Waterton (1782 - 1865)". Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  2. ^ "Before Buying a Birdhouse". Duncraft's Wild Bird Blog. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Attracting Birds With Nest Boxes". The Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Phillips, Tina; Cooper, Caren. "Lights, Camera, Action! Nest Box Cam technology reveals rarely seen events". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Cornell University. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  5. ^ HDRA encyclopedia of organic gardening by Pauline Spears
  6. ^ García-Navas, Vicente; Arroyo, Luis; Sanz, Juan José; Díaz, Mario (2008). "Effect of nestbox type on occupancy and breeding biology of tree sparrows Passer montanus in central Spain" (PDF). Ibis 150: 356–364. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2008.00799.x. 
  7. ^ Falcon nest box position
  8. ^ Various nest box designs (various species)
  9. ^ Siting a nest-box - RSPB
  10. ^ "Bats and Bat Houses". Mosquito Abatement District-Davis Headquarters, Kaysville, UT. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  11. ^ McAvoy, Gene. "Hendry County Horticulture News: Bats Eat Mosquitoes as Well as Numerous Garden Pests". University of Florida; Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  12. ^ "Single chamber bat house (wall mounted)". Bat Conservation International. Archived from the original on 2007-10-31. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  13. ^ a b Brown, Carla. "Why I Built A Bat House". National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  14. ^ Boleky, Vaughan (2005–2006). "Why Are Bat Houses Important?". Organization for Bat Conservation. Archived from the original on 2007-11-10. Retrieved 2007-11-17. 
  15. ^ a b Nina Bergström. "Fixa fint för fjärilarna", Expressen, 16 June 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011. (In Swedish)

External links[edit]

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