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What is NEWLANDS RESOLUTION? What does NEWLANDS RESOLUTION mean?
What is NEWLANDS RESOLUTION? What does NEWLANDS RESOLUTION mean?
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: The Audiopedia
Newlands Resolution Top # 9 Facts
Newlands Resolution Top # 9 Facts
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: Harshal Devang
No Hawaiians Allowed #3
No Hawaiians Allowed #3
Published: 2009/04/07
Channel: Pono Kealoha
No Hawaiian Allowed pt#5
No Hawaiian Allowed pt#5
Published: 2009/04/07
Channel: Pono Kealoha
How Did Hawaii Become A Part Of The United States?
How Did Hawaii Become A Part Of The United States?
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Trix Trix
Newland
Newland's Corner - Beauty of Surrey at hill side viewing sunset 4k
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: ROBIN KHAREL
"GREENBATH" 100% Complete (Extreme Demon) [Unnerfed Bloodbath] - by XXXCPTLOLXXX
"GREENBATH" 100% Complete (Extreme Demon) [Unnerfed Bloodbath] - by XXXCPTLOLXXX
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: ToshDeluxe
[4K] Dale Head Timelapse -  Lake District Walk (Newlands Horseshoe)
[4K] Dale Head Timelapse - Lake District Walk (Newlands Horseshoe)
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Wayne T
Boulder (in 4K)
Boulder (in 4K)
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: Cody Limber
Alan Osetek of Resolution Media Talks Modern SEO Strategies
Alan Osetek of Resolution Media Talks Modern SEO Strategies
Published: 2013/08/27
Channel: Search Engine Journal
CEDED SCAM 11-24-08 OHA LIES
CEDED SCAM 11-24-08 OHA LIES
Published: 2008/12/23
Channel: Pono Kealoha
What Kind...?
What Kind...?
Published: 2013/04/30
Channel: Jerome Brody
Crookstone knoll March 2017 4K
Crookstone knoll March 2017 4K
Published: 2017/03/25
Channel: Ambling rambler
What is Na‘i Aupuni
What is Na‘i Aupuni
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: APECEpic
HĀLĀWAI Aloha ʻĀina. Why you should Protest Na‘i Aupuni. 30 minute summary.
HĀLĀWAI Aloha ʻĀina. Why you should Protest Na‘i Aupuni. 30 minute summary.
Published: 2015/11/03
Channel: APECEpic
Newlands Forrest (GoPro 4 Silver)
Newlands Forrest (GoPro 4 Silver)
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Justin Woods
Crowbar Burglary Attempt 19/9/2015 Evergreen Ave, Newlands
Crowbar Burglary Attempt 19/9/2015 Evergreen Ave, Newlands
Published: 2015/09/20
Channel: Newlands Neighbourhood Watch
Independence, Resources, Refusal and Federal Recognition
Independence, Resources, Refusal and Federal Recognition
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: APECEpic
What DOI do with a ballot
What DOI do with a ballot
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: APECEpic
Sarah Vowell: Why Is a Bad Life in Sunny California Worse Than a Bad Life Anywhere Else? (2002)
Sarah Vowell: Why Is a Bad Life in Sunny California Worse Than a Bad Life Anywhere Else? (2002)
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Remember This
Kaia and Mac
Kaia and Mac's Annexation of Hawaii Project
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: Kaia Garcia
Oppose the DOI Rules, Protest Na‘i Aupuni and Submit Your Testimony
Oppose the DOI Rules, Protest Na‘i Aupuni and Submit Your Testimony
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: APECEpic
Protest Na‘i Aupuni, fakestate capitol, Nowemapa 12, 2015
Protest Na‘i Aupuni, fakestate capitol, Nowemapa 12, 2015
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: APECEpic
Protest Na‘i Aupuni, fakestate capitol, Nowemapa 12, 2015 v2
Protest Na‘i Aupuni, fakestate capitol, Nowemapa 12, 2015 v2
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: APECEpic
Running in Pustnicu Forest - Road Surface (Garmin Virb Ultra 30)
Running in Pustnicu Forest - Road Surface (Garmin Virb Ultra 30)
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Daniel George Bada
Kingdom Newlands ep.1, Zombie Horse!!!
Kingdom Newlands ep.1, Zombie Horse!!!
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: DynamiteDrake
Native Hawaiian COMMISSION  5-18-2012
Native Hawaiian COMMISSION 5-18-2012
Published: 2012/05/19
Channel: Pono Kealoha
Andre Perez with a History and Analysis of Na‘i Aupuni @ the HĀLĀWAI Aloha ʻĀina
Andre Perez with a History and Analysis of Na‘i Aupuni @ the HĀLĀWAI Aloha ʻĀina
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: APECEpic
Scotty Newlands - IMTA Awards Banquet Performance
Scotty Newlands - IMTA Awards Banquet Performance
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Scotty Newlands
Annexation of Hawaii
Annexation of Hawaii
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Chase Ridenour
Hawaiian Annexation
Hawaiian Annexation
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Cory Reinking
GHOST HUNTING with PLUTO & PLATT       part one
GHOST HUNTING with PLUTO & PLATT part one
Published: 2014/11/23
Channel: PLUTO MAJESTIC
President dismisses Escort of Honour
President dismisses Escort of Honour
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Áras an Uachtaráin
Noelani Arista on Federal Recognition
Noelani Arista on Federal Recognition
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: APECEpic
Newlands Corner Milky Way Timelapse HD 23.08.14
Newlands Corner Milky Way Timelapse HD 23.08.14
Published: 2014/08/24
Channel: Matthew Pierzchala
V8 Choppers
V8 Choppers
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: Beemer 1100
550d RAW video - test low resolution
550d RAW video - test low resolution
Published: 2013/06/01
Channel: OwaeDotGa
First Waterfall Ravine and Eastern Buttress - Devil
First Waterfall Ravine and Eastern Buttress - Devil's Peak (4K)
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Roberto Aldera
Hiddingh-Ascension - Table Mountain (4K)
Hiddingh-Ascension - Table Mountain (4K)
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Roberto Aldera
Robinson Jackson 4K Property Slideshow Video - Newlands Park, SE26
Robinson Jackson 4K Property Slideshow Video - Newlands Park, SE26
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Photoplan
Robinson Jackson 4K Property Slideshow Video - Newlands Park, SE26
Robinson Jackson 4K Property Slideshow Video - Newlands Park, SE26
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: Photoplan
gary jordan happy new year 2013
gary jordan happy new year 2013
Published: 2013/01/01
Channel: benluntley
Robinson Jackson 4K Property Slideshow Video - Newlands Park, SE26
Robinson Jackson 4K Property Slideshow Video - Newlands Park, SE26
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: Photoplan
BRTV: #AskLouw - Francois Louw answers your questions
BRTV: #AskLouw - Francois Louw answers your questions
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: BathRugbyTV
New Year Meditation 2014 into 2015
New Year Meditation 2014 into 2015
Published: 2014/12/31
Channel: Avril Gill
October 2014 channel update
October 2014 channel update
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: Carlos Mendes
EIN PAAR HÄUSER DES REALMS ❤ #048 #Minecraft Pocket Edition MCPE deutsch Android Let
EIN PAAR HÄUSER DES REALMS ❤ #048 #Minecraft Pocket Edition MCPE deutsch Android Let's Play
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: Quitschi
VNV Nation Glasgow live. Perpetual
VNV Nation Glasgow live. Perpetual
Published: 2011/10/07
Channel: Tony Newlands
Dr. Karl-Henrik Robèrt introducing the Heschel Conference
Dr. Karl-Henrik Robèrt introducing the Heschel Conference
Published: 2008/12/18
Channel: naturalsteponline
Roller Coaster Tycoon 3 - Mega Mods - Part 5 - Super Colourful Coaster
Roller Coaster Tycoon 3 - Mega Mods - Part 5 - Super Colourful Coaster
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: Finbarhawkes
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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On August 12, 1898, the flag of Hawaii over ‘Iolani Palace was lowered to raise the United States flag to signify annexation.

The Newlands Resolution was an Act of Congress to annex the Republic of Hawaii and create the Territory of Hawaii in its place.[1] It was written by and named after United States Congressman Francis G. Newlands.

In 1897 President of the United States William McKinley signed the treaty of annexation for Hawaii, but it failed in the Senate after the 21,000 signatures of the Kūʻē Petitions[2] were submitted.[citation needed] After the failure, Hawaii was annexed by means of joint resolution, called the Newlands Resolution.

It was approved on July 4, 1898 and signed on July 7 by William McKinley. On August 12 of the same year, a ceremony was held on the steps of ʻIolani Palace to signify the official transfer of Hawaiian sovereignty to the United States.

The Newlands Resolution established a five-member commission to study which laws were needed in Hawaii. The commission included: Territorial Governor Sanford B. Dole (R-Hawaii Territory), Senators Shelby M. Cullom (R-IL) and John T. Morgan (D-AL), Representative Robert R. Hitt (R-IL) and former Hawaii Chief Justice and later Territorial Governor Walter F. Frear (R-Hawaii Territory). The commission's final report was submitted to Congress for a debate which lasted over a year. Congress raised objections that establishing an elected territorial government in Hawaii would lead to the admission of a state with a non-white majority. On July 12, 1898, the Joint Resolution passed and the Hawaiian Islands were annexed by the United States. This allowed duty-free trade between the islands and the mainland, and made the existing American military presence permanent.

The creation of the Territory of Hawaii was the final step in a long history of dwindling Hawaiian sovereignty and divided the local population. The annexation was opposed by the express wishes of the overwhelming majority of the indigenous population and without a referendum of any kind. [3] Debate between anti-sovereignty and sovereignty activists still exists over the legality of the acquisition of Hawaiian land under the United States constitution.[4][5]

The bombing of the USS Maine (ACR-1) took place in Cuba in February, 1898.[6] That bombing triggered the Spanish–American War, which caused world events to soon force the annexation issue. President Benjamin Harrison submitted a treaty to annex the Hawaiian Islands to the United States Senate for ratification.[7] In 1897, the treaty was blocked due to lobbying by Hawaiian public officials and a petition from native Hawaiians. Only 46 out of 90 senators voted in favor of the resolution, which was more than the required majority but less than the two-thirds required by the Treaty Clause.[8]

See also[edit]

  • Hawaiian Organic Act, approved in 1900 by Congress to adopt a form of government for the new territory, in supplement of the Newlands Resolution.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of American Imperialism Vol. 2 ...Philip S. Foner P.414
  2. ^ Kue: the Hui Aloha Aina anti-annexation petitions, 1897-1898. University of Hawaii at Manoa Library
  3. ^ From a Native Daughter: Colonialism and Sovereignty in Hawaiʻi Haunani-Kay Trask P.29
  4. ^ *Twigg-Smith, Thurston (1998). Hawaiian Sovereignty: Do the Facts Matter?. Honolulu: Goodale Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9662945-0-7. OCLC 39090004. 
  5. ^ Trask, Haunani-Kay (1999). From a Native Daughter : Colonialism and Sovereignty in Hawaiʻi. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. pp. 13–16. ISBN 978-0824820596 – via eBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost). 
  6. ^ Annexation Of The Hawaiian Islands, 1898 , Joint Resolution Website, retrieved on October 29, 2014.
  7. ^ The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii, The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, retrieved on October 29, 2014.
  8. ^ [1] , History of the Treaty, and Petition Website, retrieved on October 29, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hilfrich, Fabian. Debating American exceptionalism: empire and democracy in the wake of the Spanish-American War (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)
  • Osborne, Thomas J. "The Main Reason for Hawaiian Annexation in July, 1898," Oregon Historical Quarterly (1970) 71#2 pp. 161–178 in JSTOR
  • Osborne, Thomas J. "Empire Can Wait": American Opposition to Hawaiian Annexation, 1893-1898 (Kent State University Press, 1981)

External links[edit]

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