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A presidential election was held in Nigeria on 16 April 2011, postponed from 9 April, 2011. The election follows controversy as to whether a Muslim or Christian should be allowed to become president given the tradition of rotating the top office between the religions and following the death of Umaru Yar'Adua, who was a Muslim, and Goodluck Jonathan, a Christian, assuming the interim presidency.
|This section requires expansion. (September 2010)|
A gentlemen's agreement, within the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), meant that power rotates between the predominantly Muslim north and Christian south every two terms, which means the flag bearer of the party for this election was scheduled to be represented by a Northerner. After the death of President Umar Yar'Adua, a Northern Muslim, his Vice President Goodluck Jonathan, a Southern Christian, took over as acting president. The suggestion that Jonathan was considering running for the presidency in his own right was controversial as Yar'Adua had only served one of the two possible terms as president after Southerner Olusegun Obasanjo.
After initial doubts, the interim president Goodluck Jonathan declared his intention to run for the presidency on 18 September 2010. Muhammadu Buhari is seen by some as a principal opposition to Jonathan besides Nuhu Ribadu.
|Political parties||Presidential candidates||Running mates|
|ACN||Nuhu Ribadu||Fola Adeola|
|ADC||Peter Nwangwu||Mani Ibrahim Ahmad|
|ANPP||Ibrahim Shekarau||John Odigie Oyegun|
|BNPP||Iheanyichukwu Nnaji||Kadijat Abubakar|
|CPC||Muhammadu Buhari||Tunde Bakare|
|HDP||Ambrose Awuru||Ibrahim Abdullahi|
|NCP||Dele Momodu||Yunusa Tanko|
|PDC||Mahmud Waziri||Clement Eze|
|PDP||Goodluck Jonathan||Namadi Sambo|
|SDMP||Patrick Utomi||Lawal Funtua|
|UNPD||Ebiti Ndok||Galadima Samari|
Following a bombing in Abuja during Nigeria's 50th anniversary celebrations and the consequent arrest and interrogation of the Director General of Babangida campaign, Raymond Dokpesi, there were calls for him to quit the race. In addition, there were others who linked his affiliated to the blasts. He responded in saying it would be "idiotic to link" him with attack. Even before the blasts, however, some of his former loyalists, popularly called "IBB Boys," apparently asked him to quit the presidential race so as not to avoid being rubbished by a non-General.
In September 2010, the election commission requested a postponement of the polls citing the need for more time to overhaul the national electoral register. Critics were upset over the proposal. The election was postponed from January to April due to the release of a new electronic voter registration software.
In December 2010, bombs went off in Yenegoa, Bayelsa State during a gubernatorial campaign rally. There were also bombings and shootings in the north blamed on Boko Haram. Politicians and police said that the campaign of violence aimed to disrupt the election.
The elections was reported in the international media as having run smoothly with relatively little violence or voter fraud in contrast to previous elections, in particular the widely disputed 2007 election. Indeed, at least one observer pronounced them the most smoothly run elections held since the restoration of democracy 12 years earlier.
|Goodluck Jonathan||People's Democratic Party (PDP)||22,495,187||58.89|
|Muhammadu Buhari||Congress for Progressive Change (CPC)||12,214,853||31.98|
|Nuhu Ribadu||Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN)||2,079,151||5.41|
|Ibrahim Shekarau||All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP)||917,012||2.40|
|Mahmud Waziri||People for Democratic Change (PDC)||82,243||0.21|
|Nwadike Chikezie||Peoples Mandate Party (PMP)||56,248||0.15|
|Lawson Igboanugo Aroh||Peoples Progressive Party (PPP)||54,203||0.14|
|Peter Nwangwu||African Democratic Congress (ADC)||51,682||0.14|
|Iheanyichukwu Nnaji||Better Nigeria Progressive Party (BNPP)||47,272||0.12|
|Chris Okotie||Fresh Democratic Party (FRESH)||34,331||0.09|
|Dele Momodu||National Conscience Party (NCP)||26,376||0.07|
|Akpona Solomon||National Majority Democratic Party (NMDP)||25,938||0.07|
|Lawrence Makinde Adedoyin||African Political System (APS)||23,740||0.06|
|Ebiti Ndok||United National Party for Development (UNPD)||21,203||0.06|
|John Dara||National Transformation Party (NTP)||19,744||0.05|
|Rasheed Shitta-Bey||Mega Progressive Peoples Party (MPPP)||16,492||0.04|
|Yahaya Ndu||African Renaissance Party (ARP)||12,264||0.03|
|Ambrose Awuru||Hope Democratic Party (HDP)||12,023||0.03|
|Patrick Utomi||Social Democratic Mega Party (SDMP)||11,544||0.03|
|Chris Nwaokobia||Liberal Democratic Party of Nigeria (LDPN)||8,472||0.02|
|Valid votes (turnout 53.7%)||39,469,484||96.81|
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