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Nikos Kazantzakis
Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Μπάμπης Δερμιτζάκης
Nikos Kazantzakis
Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2014/07/22
Channel: fontomaria
Lord Williams in Interview on Nikos Kazantzakis
Lord Williams in Interview on Nikos Kazantzakis' The Last Temptation of Christ
Published: 2013/06/18
Channel: CAM Productions
AN EXISTENTIAL READING OF NIKOS KAZANTZAKIS
AN EXISTENTIAL READING OF NIKOS KAZANTZAKIS
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: beforelaw
The original sirtaki Zorbas - Mikis Theodorakis
The original sirtaki Zorbas - Mikis Theodorakis
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: ilioskaimple
Askitiki by Nikos Kazantzakis
Askitiki by Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: Alabinaki
Νίκος Καζαντζάκης ¨Στιγμές από την ζωή του¨ -  Nikos Kazantzakis ¨Moments from his life¨
Νίκος Καζαντζάκης ¨Στιγμές από την ζωή του¨ - Nikos Kazantzakis ¨Moments from his life¨
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Fofi Vilani
Καζαντζάκης - Official Teaser Trailer [HD]
Καζαντζάκης - Official Teaser Trailer [HD]
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: CinemaNewsGR
Nikos Kazantzakis in TVstudio
Nikos Kazantzakis in TVstudio
Published: 2009/08/31
Channel: KazantzakisNikos
Jeff Bridges Interview: "I Am a Big Fan of Kazantzakis"
Jeff Bridges Interview: "I Am a Big Fan of Kazantzakis"
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: GreekReporter
Έλληνες του Πνεύματος και της Τέχνης: Νίκος Καζαντζάκης
Έλληνες του Πνεύματος και της Τέχνης: Νίκος Καζαντζάκης
Published: 2013/01/10
Channel: SKAI.gr
He Who Must Die (1957) Full Movie English Subtitles Nikos Kazantzakis
He Who Must Die (1957) Full Movie English Subtitles Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2014/08/29
Channel: beornham sqlire
Zorba the Greek by Nikos Kazantzakis book review
Zorba the Greek by Nikos Kazantzakis book review
Published: 2014/06/07
Channel: Malinka Reads
The Existential Journey  Nikos Kazantzakis
The Existential Journey Nikos Kazantzakis' The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel
Published: 2015/02/03
Channel: beforelaw
Nikos Kazantzakis - Última entrevista televisiva
Nikos Kazantzakis - Última entrevista televisiva
Published: 2011/07/31
Channel: Miguel Ángel Chiovetta
Nikos Kazantzakis Grave- Ο τάφος του Νίκου Καζαντζάκη
Nikos Kazantzakis Grave- Ο τάφος του Νίκου Καζαντζάκη
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Efthimis Fasoulakis
The village of Nikos Kazantzakis..
The village of Nikos Kazantzakis..
Published: 2009/08/09
Channel: KazantzakisNikos
Nikos Kazantzakis-.Α part of the interview in French radio.1955
Nikos Kazantzakis-.Α part of the interview in French radio.1955
Published: 2010/01/15
Channel: KazantzakisNikos
PROFESSOR RODERICK BEATON - Zorba and the Greeks: Nikos Kazantzakis and the Greek Tradition
PROFESSOR RODERICK BEATON - Zorba and the Greeks: Nikos Kazantzakis and the Greek Tradition
Published: 2013/04/14
Channel: KazantzakisPubl
NIKOS KAZANTZAKIS THE SAVIORS OF GOD STATHAKEION NY
NIKOS KAZANTZAKIS THE SAVIORS OF GOD STATHAKEION NY
Published: 2016/04/24
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Крит. Ираклион. Аэропорт Nikos Kazantzakis 1 из 4
Крит. Ираклион. Аэропорт Nikos Kazantzakis 1 из 4
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: GWGRussian
Greek writer Nikos Kazantzakis lived at Hotel Marignan from 1907 to 1909.
Greek writer Nikos Kazantzakis lived at Hotel Marignan from 1907 to 1909.
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Hotel Marignan
Who is Nikos Kazantzakis
Who is Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: GAUTAM MEDIA
ZORBA THE GREEK -_-_-_- (music by..) MIKIS THEODORAKIS
ZORBA THE GREEK -_-_-_- (music by..) MIKIS THEODORAKIS
Published: 2011/10/29
Channel: Φώτης Μανιός
Lecture: "A Tribute to the LIfe of Nikos Kazantzakis", by Professor Michael Antonakes
Lecture: "A Tribute to the LIfe of Nikos Kazantzakis", by Professor Michael Antonakes
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: Dean Antonakes
Крит. Ираклион. Аэропорт Nikos Kazantzakis 3 из 4
Крит. Ираклион. Аэропорт Nikos Kazantzakis 3 из 4
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: GWGRussian
A Tribute to Nikos Kazantzakis
A Tribute to Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2014/05/04
Channel: Αλέξανδρος Μαλλιάς
Nikos Kazantzakis on God & Woman
Nikos Kazantzakis on God & Woman
Published: 2010/01/20
Channel: 1964Byron
Крит. Ираклион. Аэропорт Nikos Kazantzakis 2 из 4
Крит. Ираклион. Аэропорт Nikos Kazantzakis 2 из 4
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: GWGRussian
Aegean Airlines A320 landing in Heraklion Nikos Kazantzakis Airport !
Aegean Airlines A320 landing in Heraklion Nikos Kazantzakis Airport !
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: FrenchOA
Elev de la Nikos Kazantzakis batut de profesoara
Elev de la Nikos Kazantzakis batut de profesoara
Published: 2014/01/09
Channel: infobrailatv
Zorba grecul - Nikos Kazantzakis
Zorba grecul - Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Teatru Radiofonic
Free Bird - Lynyrd Skynyrd (Dedicated to Nikos Kazantzakis)
Free Bird - Lynyrd Skynyrd (Dedicated to Nikos Kazantzakis)
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: JIM PAPANIK
Landing @ Heraklion - Nikos Kazantzakis Int
Landing @ Heraklion - Nikos Kazantzakis Int'l Airport (HER/LGIR) Greece # Cockpit view of B737-800
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: AeroWorldpicturesHD
Nikos Kazantzakis - Short Bio
Nikos Kazantzakis - Short Bio
Published: 2009/12/29
Channel: 1964Byron
Kazakhstan (Almaty) «ПО СЛЕДАМ КАЗАНДЗАКИСА...» Nikos Kazantzakis
Kazakhstan (Almaty) «ПО СЛЕДАМ КАЗАНДЗАКИСА...» Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Sofiya Petridi
A Collaboration with Life: Nikos Kazantzakis
A Collaboration with Life: Nikos Kazantzakis' Askitiki
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: beforelaw
Rencontres autour de Nikos Kazantzakis - Georges Stassinakis et Nicolas Zallu
Rencontres autour de Nikos Kazantzakis - Georges Stassinakis et Nicolas Zallu
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Université de Corse Pasquale Paoli
Nikos Kazantzakis-Interview in French radio.1955.Σπάνιο.
Nikos Kazantzakis-Interview in French radio.1955.Σπάνιο.
Published: 2010/01/15
Channel: KazantzakisNikos
Landing at Nikos Kazantzakis Airport - A320 Airbus - Aegean Airlines
Landing at Nikos Kazantzakis Airport - A320 Airbus - Aegean Airlines
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Manolis Varouhas
Landing at airport Nikos Kazantzakis
Landing at airport Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2007/12/16
Channel: marma89
ZORBA EL GRIEGO, Nikos Kazantzakis, parte 1
ZORBA EL GRIEGO, Nikos Kazantzakis, parte 1
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: youtuebook 1
Crete | The Museum of Nikos Kazantzakis in Heraklion Region
Crete | The Museum of Nikos Kazantzakis in Heraklion Region
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: myCrete.tv
Nikos Kazantzakis-Interview. Κρήτη. Σκαμμένη από τον αγώνα
Nikos Kazantzakis-Interview. Κρήτη. Σκαμμένη από τον αγώνα
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Orazio Sciortino su Nikos Kazantzakis
Orazio Sciortino su Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: TeatroDueParma
"Chrystus ukrzyżowany po raz wtóry" Nikos Kazantzakis | Ciekawa książka | Grafzero
"Chrystus ukrzyżowany po raz wtóry" Nikos Kazantzakis | Ciekawa książka | Grafzero
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Nikos Kazantzakis.wmv
Nikos Kazantzakis.wmv
Published: 2010/03/10
Channel: pangiakis
Ο ΝΙΚΟΣ ΚΑΖΑΝΤΖΑΚΗΣ ΚΑΙ Η ΕΠΟΧΗ ΤΟΥ
Ο ΝΙΚΟΣ ΚΑΖΑΝΤΖΑΚΗΣ ΚΑΙ Η ΕΠΟΧΗ ΤΟΥ
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Channel: KazantzakisNikos
THE LUMINOUS INTERVAL: NIKOS KAZANTZAKIS INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
THE LUMINOUS INTERVAL: NIKOS KAZANTZAKIS INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM
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Channel: KazantzakisPubl
Lettre au Greco - Nikos Kazantzakis
Lettre au Greco - Nikos Kazantzakis
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: nicolas zallu
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Nikos Kazantzakis
Kazantzakis black and white.jpg
Born (1883-02-18)18 February 1883
Kandiye, Crete, Ottoman Empire (now Heraklion, Greece)
Died 26 October 1957(1957-10-26) (aged 74)
Freiburg im Breisgau, West Germany (now Germany)
Occupation Poet, novelist, essayist, travel writer, philosopher, playwright
Nationality Greek
Alma mater University of Athens
(1902–1906; LL.D., 1906)[1]
University of Paris
(1907–1909; Dr, 1909)[1]

Signature

Nikos Kazantzakis (Greek: Νίκος Καζαντζάκης [ˈnikos kazandˈzakis]; 18 February 1883 – 26 October 1957) was a Greek writer. Widely considered a giant of modern Greek literature, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in nine different years.[2]

Kazantzakis' novels included Zorba the Greek (published 1946 as Life and Times of Alexis Zorbas), Christ Recrucified (1948), Captain Michalis (1950, translated 'Freedom or Death), and The Last Temptation of Christ (1955). He also wrote plays, travel books, memoirs and philosophical essays such as The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises. His fame spread in the English-speaking world due to cinematic adaptations of Zorba the Greek (1964) and The Last Temptation of Christ (1988).

Biography[edit]

Nikos Kazantzakis

When Kazantzakis was born in 1883 in Kandiye, now Heraklion, Crete had not yet joined the modern Greek state (which had been established in 1832), and was still under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. From 1902 to 1906 Kazantzakis studied law at the University of Athens: his 1906 Juris Doctor thesis title was Ο Φρειδερίκος Νίτσε εν τη φιλοσοφία του δικαίου και της πολιτείας[1] ("Friedrich Nietzsche on the Philosophy of Right and the State"). Then he went to the Sorbonne in 1907 to study philosophy. There he fell under the influence of Henri Bergson. His 1909 doctoral dissertation at the Sorbonne was a reworked version of his 1906 dissertation under the title Friedrich Nietzsche dans la philosophie du droit et de la cité ("Friedrich Nietzsche on the Philosophy of Right and the State").[1] Upon his return to Greece, he began translating works of philosophy. In 1914 he met Angelos Sikelianos. Together they travelled for two years in places where Greek Orthodox Christian culture flourished, largely influenced by the enthusiastic nationalism of Sikelianos.

Kazantzakis married Galatea Alexiou in 1911; they divorced in 1926. He married Eleni Samiou in 1945. Between 1922 and his death in 1957, he sojourned in Paris and Berlin (from 1922 to 1924), Italy, Russia (in 1925), Spain (in 1932), and then later in Cyprus, Aegina, Egypt, Mount Sinai, Czechoslovakia, Nice (he later bought a villa in nearby Antibes, in the Old Town section near the famed seawall), China, and Japan. While in Berlin, where the political situation was explosive, Kazantzakis discovered communism and became an admirer of Vladimir Lenin. He never became a committed communist, but visited the Soviet Union and stayed with the Left Opposition politician and writer Victor Serge. He witnessed the rise of Joseph Stalin, and became disillusioned with Soviet-style communism. Around this time, his earlier nationalist beliefs were gradually replaced by a more universalist ideology.

Epitaph on the grave of Kazantzakis in Heraklion. It reads "I hope for nothing. I fear nothing. I am free."

In 1945, he became the leader of a small party on the non-communist left, and entered the Greek government as Minister without Portfolio. He resigned this post the following year. In 1946, The Society of Greek Writers recommended that Kazantzakis and Angelos Sikelianos be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1957, he lost the Prize to Albert Camus by one vote. Camus later said that Kazantzakis deserved the honour "a hundred times more" than himself.[3] In total Kazantzakis was nominated in nine different years.[4] Late in 1957, even though suffering from leukemia, he set out on one last trip to China and Japan. Falling ill on his return flight, he was transferred to Freiburg, Germany, where he died. He is buried on the wall surrounding the city of Heraklion near the Chania Gate, because the Orthodox Church ruled out his being buried in a cemetery. His epitaph reads "I hope for nothing. I fear nothing. I am free." (Δεν ελπίζω τίποτα. Δε φοβούμαι τίποτα. Είμαι λέφτερος.)

The 50th anniversary of the death of Nikos Kazantzakis was selected as main motif for a high-value euro collectors' coin; the €10 Greek Nikos Kazantzakis commemorative coin, minted in 2007. His image is on the obverse of the coin, while the reverse carries the National Emblem of Greece with his signature.

Literary work[edit]

His first work was the 1906 narrative Serpent and Lily (Όφις και Κρίνο), which he signed with the pen name Karma Nirvami. In 1909, Kazantzakis wrote a one-act play titled Comedy, which remarkably resonates existential themes that become prevalent much later in post-World War II Europe by writers like Jean-Paul Sartre and Camus. In 1910, after his studies in Paris, he wrote a tragedy, "The Master Builder" (Ο Πρωτομάστορας), based on a popular Greek folkloric myth. Kazantzakis considered his huge epic poem (33,333 verses long) The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel to be his most important work. Begun in 1924, he rewrote it seven times before publishing it in 1938. According to another Greek author, Pantelis Prevelakis, "it has been a superhuman effort to record his immense spiritual experience." Following the structure of Homer's Odyssey, it is divided into 24 rhapsodies.

Medallion honoring Kazantzakis in the Venetian Loggia, Heraklion

His most famous novels include Zorba the Greek (1946, in Greek Βίος και Πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά); Christ Recrucified (1948, in Greek Ο Χριστός Ξανασταυρώνεται); Captain Michalis (1950, UK title Freedom or Death, in Greek Καπετάν Μιχάλης); The Last Temptation of Christ (1955, Ο Τελευταίος Πειρασμός); and Saint Francis (1956, UK title God's Pauper: St. Francis of Assisi, in Greek Ο Φτωχούλης του Θεού). Report to Greco (1961, Αναφορά στον Γκρέκο), containing both autobiographical and fictional elements, summed up his philosophy as the "Cretan Glance."

Starting in his youth, Kazantzakis was spiritually restless. Tortured by metaphysical and existential concerns, he sought relief in knowledge and travel, contact with a diverse set of people, in every kind of experience. The influence of Friedrich Nietzsche on his work is evident, especially Nietzsche's atheism and sympathy for the superman (Übermensch) concept. However, he was also haunted by spiritual concerns. To attain a union with God, Kazantzakis entered a monastery for six months. In 1927 Kazantzakis published in Greek his "Spiritual Exercises" (Greek: "Ασκητική"), which he had composed in Berlin in 1923. The book was translated into English and published in 1960 with the title The Saviors of God.

The figure of Jesus was ever-present in his thoughts, from his youth to his last years. The Christ of The Last Temptation of Christ shares Katzantzakis' anguished metaphysical and existential concerns, seeking answers to haunting questions and often torn between his sense of duty and mission, on one side, and his own human needs to enjoy life, to love and to be loved, and to have a family; a tragic figure who at the end sacrifices his own human hopes for a wider cause, Kazantzakis' Christ is not an infallible, passionless deity but rather a passionate and emotional human being who has been assigned a mission, with a meaning that he is struggling to understand and that often requires him to face his conscience and his emotions, and ultimately to sacrifice his own life for its fulfilment. He is subject to doubts, fears and even guilt. In the end he is the Son of Man, a man whose internal struggle represents that of humanity.

Many Orthodox Church clergy condemned Kazantzakis' work and a campaign was started to excommunicate him. His reply was: "You gave me a curse, Holy fathers, I give you a blessing: may your conscience be as clear as mine and may you be as moral and religious as I" (Greek: "Μου δώσατε μια κατάρα, Άγιοι πατέρες, σας δίνω κι εγώ μια ευχή: Σας εύχομαι να ‘ναι η συνείδηση σας τόσο καθαρή, όσο είναι η δική μου και να ‘στε τόσο ηθικοί και θρήσκοι όσο είμαι εγώ"). The excommunication was rejected by the top leadership of the Orthodox Church but emblematic of persistent disapprobation from many Christian authorities for his political and religious views.[5]

In Kazantzakis' day, the international market for material published in modern Greek was quite small. Kazantzakis also wrote in colloquial Demotic Greek, with traces of Cretan dialect, which made his writings all the more controversial in conservative literary circles at home. Translations of his books into other European languages did not appear until his old age. Hence he found it difficult to earn a living by writing, which led him to write a great deal, including a large number of translations from French, German, and English, and curiosities such as French fiction and Greek primary school texts, mainly because he needed the money. Some of this "popular" writing was nevertheless distinguished, such as his books based on his extensive travels, which appeared in the series "Travelling" (Ταξιδεύοντας) which he founded. These books on Greece, Italy, Egypt, Sinai, Cyprus, Spain, Russia, Japan, China, and England were masterpieces of Greek travel literature.

Bibliography of English translations[edit]

Postcard from Nikos Kazantzakis to his physician Max-Hermann Hörder, 13 September 1957, Chongqing
Bust in Heraklion

Translations of The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, in whole or in part[edit]

  • The Odyssey [Selections from], partial translation in prose by Kimon Friar, Wake 12 (1953), pp. 58–65.
  • The Odyssey, excerpt translated by Kimon Friar, "Chicago Review" 8, No. 2 (Spring/Summer 1954), pp. 12–18.
  • The Return of Odysseus, partial translation by Kimon Friar, "The Atlantic Monthly" 195, No. 6 (June 1955), pp. 110–112.
  • The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, a full verse-translation by Kimon Friar, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1958; London: Secker and Warburg, 1958.
  • Death, the Ant, from The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel, Book XV, 829-63, translated by Kimon Friar, "The Charioteer", No. 1 (Summer 1960), p. 39.

Travel books[edit]

  • Spain, translated by Amy Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1963.
  • Japan, China, translated by George C. Pappageotes, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1963; published in the United Kingdom as Travels in China & Japan, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1964; London: Faber and Faber, 1964.
  • England, translated by Amy Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1965; Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1965.
  • Journey to Morea, translated by F. A. Reed, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1965; published in the United Kingdom as Travels in Greece, Journey to Morea, Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1966.
  • Journeying: Travels in Italy, Egypt, Sinai, Jerusalem and Cyprus, translated by Themi Vasils and Theodora Vasils, Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown and Company, 1975; San Francisco: Creative Arts Books Co., 1984.
  • Russia, translated by A. Maskaleris and M. Antonakis, Creative Arts Books Co, 1989.

Novels[edit]

  • Zorba the Greek, translated by Carl Wildman, London, John Lehmann, 1952; New York, Simon & Schuster, 1953; Oxford, Bruno Cassirer, 1959; London & Boston: Faber and Faber, 1961 and New York: Ballantine Books, 1964.
  • The Greek Passion, translated by Jonathan Griffin, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1954; New York, Ballantine Books, 1965; published in the United Kingdom as Christ Recrucified, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1954; London: Faber and Faber, 1954.
  • Freedom or Death, translated by Jonathan Griffin, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1954; New York: Ballantine, 1965; published in the United Kingdom as Freedom and Death, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1956; London: Faber and Faber, 1956.
  • The Last Temptation, translated by Peter A. Bien, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1960; New York, Bantam Books, 1961; Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1961; London: Faber and Faber, 1975.
  • Saint Francis, translated by Peter A. Bien, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1962; published in the United Kingdom as God's Pauper: Saint Francis of Assisi, Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1962, 1975; London: Faber and Faber, 1975.
  • The Rock Garden, translated from French (in which it was originally written) by Richard Howard, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1963.
  • The Fratricides, translated by Athena Gianakas Dallas, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1964; Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1964.
  • Toda Raba, translated from French (in which it was originally written) by Amy Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1964.
  • Report to Greco — see under 'Memoirs, essays and letters'
  • Alexander the Great. A Novel [for children], translated by Theodora Vasils, Athens (Ohio): Ohio University Press, 1982.
  • At the Palaces of Knossos. A Novel [for children], translated by Themi and Theodora Vasilis, edited by Theodora Vasilis, London: Owen, 1988. Adapted from the draft typewritten manuscript.
  • Father Yanaros [from the novel The Fratricides], translated by Theodore Sampson, in Modern Greek Short Stories, Vol. 1, edited by Kyr. Delopoulos, Athens: Kathimerini Publications, 1980.
  • Serpent and Lily, translated by Theodora Vasils, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

Plays[edit]

  • Julian the Apostate: First staged in Paris, 1948.
  • Three Plays: Melissa, Kouros, Christopher Columbus, translated by Athena Gianakas-Dallas, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1969.
  • Christopher Columbus, translated by Athena Gianakas-Dallas, Kentfield (CA): Allen Press, 1972. Edition limited to 140 copies.
  • From Odysseus, A Drama, partial translation by M. Byron Raizis, "The Literary Review" 16, No. 3 (Spring 1973), p. 352.
  • Comedy: A Tragedy in One Act, translated by Kimon Friar, "The Literary Review" 18, No. 4 (Summer 1975), pp. 417–454 {61}.
  • Sodom and Gomorrah, A Play, translated by Kimon Friar, "The Literary Review" 19, No. 2 (Winter 1976), pp. 122–256 (62).
  • Two plays: Sodom and Gomorrah and Comedy: A Tragedy in One Act, translated by Kimon Friar, Minneapolis: North Central Publishing Co., 1982.
  • Buddha, translated by Kimon Friar and Athena Dallas-Damis, San Diego (CA): Avant Books, 1983.

Memoirs, essays and letters[edit]

  • The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises, translated by Kimon Friar, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1960.
  • Report to Greco, translated by Peter A. Bien, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1965; Oxford: Bruno Cassirer, 1965; London: Faber and Faber, 1965; New York: Bantan Books, 1971.
  • Symposium, translated by Theodora Vasils e Themi Vasils, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1974; New York: Minerva Press, 1974.
  • Friedrich Nietzsche on the Philosophy of Right and the State, translated by O. Makridis, New York: State University of NY Press, 2007.
  • From The Saviors of God: Spiritual Exercises, translated by Kimon Friar, "The Charioteer", No. 1 (Summer 1960), pp. 40–51; reprinted in "The Charioteer" 22 and 23 (1980/1981), pp. 116–129 {57}.
  • The Suffering God: Selected Letters to Galatea and to Papastephanou, translated by Philip Ramp and Katerina Anghelaki Rooke, New Rochelle (NY): Caratzas Brothers, 1979.
  • The Angels of Cyprus, translated by Amy Mims, in Cyprus '74: Aphrodite's Other Face, edited by Emmanuel C. Casdaglis, Athens: National Bank of Greece, 1976.
  • Burn Me to Ashes: An Excerpt, translated by Kimon Friar, "Greek Heritage" 1, No. 2 (Spring 1964), pp. 61–64.
  • Christ (poetry), translated by Kimon Friar, "Journal of Hellenic Diaspora" (JHD) 10, No. 4 (Winter 1983), pp. 47–51 (60).
  • Drama and Contemporary Man, An Essay, translated by Peter Bien, "The Literary Review" 19, No. 2 (Winter 1976), pp. 15–121 {62}.
  • "He Wants to Be Free – Kill Him!" A Story, translated by Athena G. Dallas, "Greek Heritage" 1, No. 1 (Winter 1963), pp. 78–82.
  • The Homeric G.B.S., "The Shaw Review" 18, No. 3 (Sept. 1975), pp. 91–92. Greek original written for a 1946 Greek language radio broadcast by BBC Overseas Service, on the occasion of George Bernard Shaw's 90th birthday.
  • Hymn (Allegorical), translated by M. Byron Raizis, "Spirit" 37, No. 3 (Fall 1970), pp. 16–17.
  • Two Dreams, translated by Peter Mackridge, "Omphalos" 1, No. 2 (Summer 1972), p. 3.
  • Nikos Kazantzakis Pages at the Historical Museum of Crete
  • Peter Bien (ed. and tr.), The Selected Letters of Nikos Kazantzakis (Princeton, PUP, 2011) (Princeton Modern Greek Studies).

Anthologies[edit]

  • A Tiny Anthology of Kazantzakis. Remarks on the Drama, 1910–1957, compiled by Peter Bien, "The Literary Review" 18, No. 4 (Summer 1975), pp. 455–459 {61}.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Nikos Kazantzakis - Friedrich Nietzsche on the Philosophy of Right and the State" at E.KE.BI / Biblionet
  2. ^ "Nomination Database". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2016-06-29. 
  3. ^ The Philosophers' Magazine, Issues 13–20, 2001 p. 120
  4. ^ Nomination Database
  5. ^ John Sanidopolous, 2014. The Myth of the Excommunication of Nikos Kazantzakis

Further reading[edit]

  • Pandelis Prevelakis, Nikos Kazantzakis and His Odyssey. A Study of the Poet and the Poem, translated from the Greek by Philip Sherrard, with a prefaction by Kimon Friar, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1961.
  • Peter Bien, Nikos Kazantzakis, 1962; New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.
  • Peter Bien, Nikos Kazantzakis and the Linguistic Revolution in Greek Literature, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1972.
  • Peter Bien, Tempted by happiness. Kazantzakis' post-Christian Christ Wallingford, Pa.: Pendle Hill Publications, 1984.
  • Peter Bien, Kazantzakis. Politics of the Spirit, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1989.
  • Darren J. N. Middleton and Peter Bien, ed., God's struggler. Religion in the Writings of Nikos Kazantzakis, Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1996
  • Darren J. N. Middleton, Novel Theology: Nikos Kazantzakis' Encounter with Whiteheadian Process Theism, Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2000.
  • Darren J. N. Middleton, Scandalizing Jesus?: Kazantzakis' 'Last Temptation of Christ' Fifty Years On, New York: Continuum, 2005.
  • Darren J. N. Middleton, Broken Hallelujah: Nikos Kazantzakis and Christian Theology, Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2006.
  • Helen Kazantzakis, Nikos Kazantzakis. A biography based on his letters, translated by Amy Mims, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1968; Bruno Cassirer, Oxford, 1968; Berkeley: Creative Arts Book Co. for Donald S. Ellis, 1983.
  • John (Giannes) Anapliotes, The real Zorbas and Nikos Kazantzakis, translated by Lewis A. Richards, Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1978.
  • James F. Lea, Kazantzakis: The Politics of Salvation, foreword by Helen Kazantzakis, The University of Alabama Press, 1979.
  • Kimon Friar, The spiritual odyssey of Nikos Kazantzakis. A talk, edited and with an introduction by Theofanis G. Stavrou, St. Paul, Minn.: North Central Pub. Co., 1979.
  • Morton P. Levitt, The Cretan Glance, The World and Art of Nikos Kazantzakis, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1980.
  • Daniel A. Dombrowski, Kazantzakis and God, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997.
  • Colin Wilson and Howard F. Dossor, Nikos Kazantzakis, Nottingham: Paupers, 1999.
  • Dossor, Howard F The Existential Theology of Nikos Kazantzakis Wallingford Pa (Pendle Hill Pamphlets No 359), 2002
  • Lewis Owen, Creative Destruction: Nikos Kazantzakis and the Literature of Responsibility, Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2003.
  • Ioannis G. Zaglaris, "Nikos Kazantzakis and thought leadership", 2013.
  • Ioannis G. Zaglaris, "Nikos Kazantzakis - end of time due to copyright", GISAP: Educational Sciences, 4, pp. 53-54, 2014
  • Ioannis G. Zaglaris, "Challenge in Writing", 2015

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