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O que fazer em Niterói? EP 02 do Casa Férias
O que fazer em Niterói? EP 02 do Casa Férias
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Estevam Pelo Mundo
Ponte Rio-Niterói
Ponte Rio-Niterói
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: programaViaLegal
Niterói - ver, viver e sentir
Niterói - ver, viver e sentir
Published: 2009/09/08
Channel: nelturnit
Construção da Ponte Rio-Niterói pelos Governos Militares. grande Progresso
Construção da Ponte Rio-Niterói pelos Governos Militares. grande Progresso
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Jovem Brasil
Black Alien - Mister Niterói
Black Alien - Mister Niterói
Published: 2008/10/14
Channel: Dudu Werneck
Pelas ruas de Niterói RJ.
Pelas ruas de Niterói RJ.
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: MOTOKA CARIOCA
Niterói Turismo | Português
Niterói Turismo | Português
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: NiteroiTurismo
PARTE 2 HOMEM SE JOGA DA PONTE RIO NITERÓI 30/09/2017
PARTE 2 HOMEM SE JOGA DA PONTE RIO NITERÓI 30/09/2017
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: TOP BR NEWS
Ponte RIO-NITERÓI  por Leonardo Abrantes
Ponte RIO-NITERÓI por Leonardo Abrantes
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Leonardo Abrantes
Vídeo mostra assalto a joalheria em Niterói
Vídeo mostra assalto a joalheria em Niterói
Published: 2018/02/21
Channel: JORNAL O DIA
Bandidos no morro do Boa Vista Niterói
Bandidos no morro do Boa Vista Niterói
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: São Gonçalo Vai Mudar
Mulher pula da ponte Rio Niterói
Mulher pula da ponte Rio Niterói
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: São Gonçalo Vai Mudar
NITERÓI - Ontem e Hoje
NITERÓI - Ontem e Hoje
Published: 2018/01/21
Channel: Um Sábado Qualquer
Treinamento dos formandos da 4a turma da Guarda Civil Municipal de Niterói
Treinamento dos formandos da 4a turma da Guarda Civil Municipal de Niterói
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Hugo Brettas
Homem se joga da ponte Rio Niterói : Sábado 30/09/2017 !
Homem se joga da ponte Rio Niterói : Sábado 30/09/2017 !
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: REC NEWS
Princesinha do tráfico é presa em Niterói (RJ)
Princesinha do tráfico é presa em Niterói (RJ)
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Balanço Geral
A MELHOR PRAIA DE NITERÓI | ITACOATIARA - RJ
A MELHOR PRAIA DE NITERÓI | ITACOATIARA - RJ
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: Yuri Cabral
NITERÓI É UMA ILHA!!!
NITERÓI É UMA ILHA!!!
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Bruno Rodrigues
Niteroi Antigo
Niteroi Antigo
Published: 2016/04/10
Channel: Helio Fernandes
FUNDAÇÃO DA CIDADE DE NITERÓI DESDE O DESCOBRIMENTO DO BRASIL
FUNDAÇÃO DA CIDADE DE NITERÓI DESDE O DESCOBRIMENTO DO BRASIL
Published: 2011/04/28
Channel: Câmara Municipal de Niterói
PARTE -1: SUICÍDIO NA PONTE RIO NITERÓI
PARTE -1: SUICÍDIO NA PONTE RIO NITERÓI
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: Clayshop News
VALE A PENA MORAR EM NITERÓI - NO RIO DE JANEIRO?
VALE A PENA MORAR EM NITERÓI - NO RIO DE JANEIRO?
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: VIA MIX
Oriente - Eu Sou de Niterói (Web Clipe) - www.OrienteRJ.com
Oriente - Eu Sou de Niterói (Web Clipe) - www.OrienteRJ.com
Published: 2010/12/03
Channel: conjunti
"EL LOCO DE NITERÓI" | ESPAÑOL-LATINO
"EL LOCO DE NITERÓI" | ESPAÑOL-LATINO
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: davidRP Series
CV expulsa a facção ADA da Boa Vista em Niterói mas ADA tenta retomar e sai no prejuízo
CV expulsa a facção ADA da Boa Vista em Niterói mas ADA tenta retomar e sai no prejuízo
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: Notícias das favelas
Porchat atravessa a ponte até Niterói e faz bagunça na casa dos cariocas
Porchat atravessa a ponte até Niterói e faz bagunça na casa dos cariocas
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Programa do Porchat
Sandy - Me Espera (Ao Vivo No Teatro Municipal De Niterói) ft. Tiago Iorc
Sandy - Me Espera (Ao Vivo No Teatro Municipal De Niterói) ft. Tiago Iorc
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: SandyVEVO
CV INVADIU MORRO DA BOA VISTA EM NITERÓI EX QG DO ADA
CV INVADIU MORRO DA BOA VISTA EM NITERÓI EX QG DO ADA
Published: 2018/02/20
Channel: Facções News
CANTADA GOOGLE - Anime Nikity | Niterói - RJ
CANTADA GOOGLE - Anime Nikity | Niterói - RJ
Published: 2016/06/09
Channel: Muca Muriçoca
Black Alien - Mister Niterói
Black Alien - Mister Niterói
Published: 2011/08/01
Channel: ClubeDo Rap
COLOQUEI A NMAX NA PONTE RIO NITERÓI!!!
COLOQUEI A NMAX NA PONTE RIO NITERÓI!!!
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Ivan TS
Abertura Show Dennis DJ - Niterói 21/10
Abertura Show Dennis DJ - Niterói 21/10
Published: 2017/10/22
Channel: Organização Amadora Duel Links
Instinto Assassino   O Vampiro de Niterói
Instinto Assassino O Vampiro de Niterói
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Drica Mendes Bastos
Novo Percurso de Niterói da Prova Prática - Paquito
Novo Percurso de Niterói da Prova Prática - Paquito
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: Autoescola Praticar Robson Paquito
Praia do sossego -Niterói
Praia do sossego -Niterói
Published: 2017/08/26
Channel: Indo e Vindo Pelo Mundo
Construção da Ponte Rio-Niterói (HD 1969)
Construção da Ponte Rio-Niterói (HD 1969)
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Direitolatra TM
Fotos antigas da cidade de Niterói
Fotos antigas da cidade de Niterói
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: ntcarneiro1945
Euro Truck Simulator 2 - CURVA FECHADA NA SERRA, Niterói Para Nova Friburgo ÔNIBUS VIAÇÃO 1001!
Euro Truck Simulator 2 - CURVA FECHADA NA SERRA, Niterói Para Nova Friburgo ÔNIBUS VIAÇÃO 1001!
Published: 2018/02/17
Channel: Prime
Percurso de Moto Niterói Rio de Janeiro - Paquito
Percurso de Moto Niterói Rio de Janeiro - Paquito
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: Autoescola Praticar Robson Paquito
VLOG - BRECHÓ EM NITERÓI + COMPRINHAS Zara, Yves Saint Laurent, Lacoste | Helena Lins
VLOG - BRECHÓ EM NITERÓI + COMPRINHAS Zara, Yves Saint Laurent, Lacoste | Helena Lins
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Helena Lins
Ministração e Testemunho feito em Niterói - RJ ( Min. Luz as Nações )
Ministração e Testemunho feito em Niterói - RJ ( Min. Luz as Nações )
Published: 2013/09/28
Channel: Bianca Toledo
ESTÁDIO PRÓPRIO EM NITERÓI - LOCALIZAÇÃO E ACESSOS
ESTÁDIO PRÓPRIO EM NITERÓI - LOCALIZAÇÃO E ACESSOS
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: BlogSerFlamengo
ADA TENTA RETOMAR BOA VISTA EM NITERÓI MAS SAI NO PREJUÍZO
ADA TENTA RETOMAR BOA VISTA EM NITERÓI MAS SAI NO PREJUÍZO
Published: 2018/02/21
Channel: Facções News
PONTE RIO - NITERÓI (BRASIL 13.8 KM
PONTE RIO - NITERÓI (BRASIL 13.8 KM
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: Manoel Santos
CV PLANEJA INVADIR MORRO PALÁCIO EM NITERÓI
CV PLANEJA INVADIR MORRO PALÁCIO EM NITERÓI
Published: 2017/12/03
Channel: Facções News
Niterói - Praia de Piratininga
Niterói - Praia de Piratininga
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Fernando Piersanti Grillo
Mr. Niterói - A Lírica Bereta (Direção: Ton Gadioli)
Mr. Niterói - A Lírica Bereta (Direção: Ton Gadioli)
Published: 2012/12/23
Channel: Blackalienofficial
MC Carol de Niterói :: Ao vivo em um video Polêmico na roda de Funk :: Especial
MC Carol de Niterói :: Ao vivo em um video Polêmico na roda de Funk :: Especial
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: Funk Carioca
As melhores praias de Niterói-RJ
As melhores praias de Niterói-RJ
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: JMP Drones
Temporal alaga ruas de Niterói
Temporal alaga ruas de Niterói
Published: 2018/02/22
Channel: JORNAL O DIA
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Niterói
Municipality
Municipality of Niterói
Município de Niterói
In the foreground, to the left, the Museum of Contemporary Art of Niterói. In the background, Icaraí Beach.
In the foreground, to the left, the Museum of Contemporary Art of Niterói. In the background, Icaraí Beach.
Flag of Niterói
Flag
Official seal of Niterói
Seal
Nickname(s):
Nikiti
Cidade Sorriso (Smile City)
Terra de Araribóia (Land of Araribóia)
Capital Estadual da Qualidade de Vida
(State Capital of Quality of Life)
Location of Niterói in the state of Rio de Janeiro
Location of Niterói in the state of Rio de Janeiro
Niterói is located in Brazil
Niterói
Niterói
Location of Niterói in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°52′58″S 43°06′14″W / 22.88278°S 43.10389°W / -22.88278; -43.10389
Country Brazil
Flag of Brazil.svg
Region Southeast
State Rio de Janeiro
Bandeira do estado do Rio de Janeiro.svg
Founded 22 November 1573
Incorporated 1835
Government
 • Mayor Rodrigo Neves (PV)
Area
 • Municipality 129.38 km2 (49.95 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Municipality 487,327(39th)
 • Density 3,684.4/km2 (9,543/sq mi)
 • Metro 12,620,000 (As part of Rio de Janeiro metropolitan region)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 24000-000
Area code(s) 21
Website niteroi.rj.gov.br

Niterói (Portuguese pronunciation: [niteˈɾɔj], [nitɛˈɾɔj]) is a municipality of the state of Rio de Janeiro in the southeast region of Brazil. It lies across Guanabara Bay facing the city of Rio de Janeiro and forms part of the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area.[2] It was the state capital, as marked by its golden mural crown, from 1834 to 1894 and again from 1903 to 1975. It has an estimated population of 487,327 inhabitants (2010) and an area of 129.375 km (80.39 mi), making it the second most populous city in the state. It has the highest Human Development Index of the state[citation needed]. The city has the nicknames of Nikity, Nicki City and the Smile City (Cidade Sorriso)[citation needed].

Studies by the Getulio Vargas Foundation in June 2011 classified Niterói as the richest city of Brazil, with 55.7% of the population included in class A. Considering the classes A and B, Niterói also appears in the first place, with 85.9% of the population in these classes.

The word "Niterói" comes from the Tupi language and means "water that hides". It was founded on 22 November 1573 by the Tupi Amerindian chief Araribóia (who later was forcibly converted to Roman Catholicism and given the Christian name of Martim Afonso, after the Portuguese explorer Martim Afonso de Sousa). It makes Niteroi the only Brazilian city to have been founded by a non-Christian, non-assimilated Brazilian Amerindian.[3]

The municipality contains part of the 2,400 hectares (5,900 acres) Serra da Tiririca State Park, created in 1991.[4]

History[edit]

Icaraí beach in 1895
Alameda São Boaventura in Fonseca area, 1909

Following the expulsion of French settlers from Rio de Janeiro in 1567 by Estácio de Sá (the so-called France Antarctique episode), the Portuguese crown began noticing that the bay of Rio de Janeiro would make a strategic scale for the Atlantic route of ships from Portugal to its colonies in Africa and Asia, as well an important advanced bridgehead for the defense of South Brazil. Fortresses were built and an alliance was formed with nearby native Tupi-Guaraní tribes to defend the settlement against other European invaders.

Araribóia, the chief of one of these allied tribes – the Temininós – requested from the Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil, Mem de Sá, a tract of land; his request was granted, and he was rewarded with the region called "Banda D'Além" (the land beyond), in the eastern side of the bay, from River Marui to the Red Barriers between Gragoata and Boa Viagem beaches.[5] This area corresponded to what is nowadays the northwestern part of the municipality of Niterói, which includes the central and northern zones of its urban area. There, in the "Land Beyond", Araribóia founded the Town of Saint Lawrence of the Indians (in Portuguese, Vila de São Lourenço dos Índios), the embryo for the future city of Niterói, a Tupi name that means "Hidden Waters".

The village was visited by the king of Portugal, John VI, in 1816, who also decreed its emancipation from Rio de Janeiro on 10 May 1819 and gave the new-created municipality a new name, Vila Real da Praia Grande (Royal Town of Great Beach).

In 1834, the city of Rio de Janeiro, capital of the newly established Empire of Brazil, was detached from the rest of Rio de Janeiro Province; Vila Real da Praia Grande was then chosen as the new capital of that province, while the city of Rio de Janeiro itself was converted into a neutral municipality, following the Ato Adicional. Niterói served the function of capital till the year of 1975 – except for the period between 1894 and 1903 when it was temporarily transferred to the city of Petrópolis.

Vila Real da Praia Grande was officially renamed to Niterói on 6 March 1835 after the Tupi Nictheroy (hidden waters). This old spelling persisted until the mid-20th century, when the current spelling – Niterói – was adopted.

In 1890, the Brazilian provinces began being called states and the neutral municipality (Rio de Janeiro city) had its status changed to Federal District (or simply DF, the Brazilian acronym for Distrito Federal). Following the transference of Brazil's capital to Brasília in 1960, the city of Rio de Janeiro became a city-state named Guanabara. This state was merged with Rio de Janeiro State in 1975; since then, Niterói lost its condition of the state's capital in favor of the city of Rio de Janeiro.

A circus fire in the city killed 323 people on 17 December 1961; the fire was later found to have been deliberately set by disgruntled circus employees. It is one of the worst tragedies in Brazilian history and the most fatal in the annals of world circus show history.

On 8 April 2010; the mudslide triggered due to heavy rainfall cost at least 200 lives. At least 11,000 people were forced to flee homes due to further mudslides.[6]

Growth[edit]

Itacoatiara beach.
Correios Palace
Arariboia Palace
Old and new architecture mingle together in Niterói.

By the time of its emancipation, the urban area of Niteroi corresponded to its central zone and São Domingos only. The south zone – Icarai, Santa Rosa, Vital Brazil – began being urbanized in 1841, when the Santa Rosa farm was divided into estates, while Jurujuba evolved from an old fishermen colony. São Francisco and Charitas, sites named after the Catholic Church built in honor to Saint Francis by the Jurujuba cove, remained sparsely populated till about 1940. As for the northern zone of Niteroi, its urbanization began in the late 19th century, when a tramway was inaugurated, allowing the expansion of the city to north and northeast, as well boosting the urban growth of the neighbour county of São Gonçalo.

The realm of Itaipu – a former vast zone of farming lands and forests west to Niteroi – was annexed to the county in 1943. It has lost its countryside traits and its urban population has grown fast since the late 1960s.

In the early 20th century, Niteroi started its industrialization boom.

Economy[edit]

Night view.

Niteroi is one most important financial and commercial centers in Rio de Janeiro State, like a modern city, with modern buildings and several shopping malls. Its economy is centered on its trading and commerce services, like real-estate corporations, graphic design, web design and publicity. It also hosts industries of food (especially seafood), clothes, caldle, marine objects;

The city is located 25 minutes away from Rio de Janeiro's downtown region. Niterói boasts the title of fourth richest city in the state, and the third in Rio de Janeiro City Metropolitan Area. The Niterói Contemporary Art Museum, the city's main landmark, was designed by the famous Brazilian modernist architect Oscar Niemeyer. The landscape of the central urban area of the city is dominated by the Niterói Tower, a tall cylindrical office building belonging to the Niterói Shopping Mall.

Demographics[edit]

Niterói as seen from the Parque da Cidade (City Park) with the Rio-Niterói Bridge in the background.

Niteroi is 14 km (8.7 mi) distant from Rio de Janeiro City, to which it is linked by the Rio-Niterói bridge and two ferry-boat services. According to the 2010 Brazilian Census, the city has a population of 487,320 people, making it the sixth most populous city in the state of Rio de Janeiro and the 39th most populous in the country. At the 2010 Census, the population of Niterói grew 9.3% from 2000 to 2010, meaning Niterói had the lowest city population growth in the state of Rio de Janeiro in this period.

The quality of life of the municipality of Niteroi is considered one of the best (third place) among 5,600 other Brazilian municipalities, according to UN indexes (2000 est.).

Population growth of Niterói
Year Population
1950 698,582
1970 513,771
1990 431,070
2000 459,451
2010 487,327

The population in Niteroi in 2010 was 487,327, down from the 698,582 in 1950, but with an increase compared to 2000, of 9%. According to the Census in 2010, whites were 73.6%, multiracial 19.1%, black 4% and Asian 3%. Non-Brazilians of any race were 1% of population, down from the 36% in 1950. Niterói is a town with a high quality of life and a centre of agglomerate made up by rich families. In 2010, "Class A" people were 32% (the highest index in Brazil, while 14.8% were in the poverty line, less than cities like Detroit, Miami, Cleveland and Philadelphia. Homes in the "Ghetto type" were 27% (Favelas 6%), less than Rio de Janeiro (37.5% "Ghetto type" with 11% made up Favelas).

Education[edit]

Niteroi is the seat of the Fluminense Federal University, one of the most important research centers in Brazil.[7] It does have other colleges such as ISE La Salle and Candido Mendes University.

Catholic schools, mainly La Salle Institute and São Vicente de Paulo, are the most traditional elementary and high schools of the city. Other important schools are PH, Marília Matoso, Pedro II, Gay Lussac, Colégio Nossa Senhora Das Mercês, the Salesian High School, ETE – Henrique Lage (a.k.a. Faetec), Oswaldo Cruz Institute and Escola Canadense de Niterói.

Niterói has the highest Human Development Index (HDI) and best level of literacy in the State of Rio de Janeiro.[8]

Politics[edit]

City council

Current mayor of Niterói is Rodrigo Neves of the Democratic Labour Party was elected in 2012 for a four-year term.

Administrative divisions[edit]

From 1943 to the late 1970s, the county of Niteroi comprised two districts only: the district of Niteroi (original area) and the district of Itaipu (acquired in 1943), which barely had an urban continuity or even proper road links to each other and were considered apart areas. The fractioning of Itaipu's farms into real estates as well its imobiliary boom after the building of the Rio-Niterói's bridge demanded a better integration between the two sides of the county which led to the improving of the roads and urban facilities and a reformation on the make up of Niteroi's administrative division. The county was reorganised into five districts. In the early 1990s, the administrative division of Niterói was altered once again, being the county now divided into twelve administrative, further subdivided into 48 neighborhoods:

  • Barreto: Barreto, Ilha da Conceição, Santana
  • Centro: Bairro de Fátima, Centro, Ponta d´Areia, São Lourenço
  • Engenhoca: Engenhoca, Tenente Jardim
  • Fonseca: Fonseca
  • Icaraí: Icaraí, Vital Brazil
  • Ingá: Boa Viagem, Gragoatá, Ingá, Morro do Estado, São Domingos
  • Pendotiba: Badu, Cantagalo, Ititioca, Largo da Batalha, Maceió, Maria Paula, Matapaca, Sapê
  • Praias Oceânicas: Cafubá, Camboinhas, Engenho do Mato, Itacoatiara, Itaipu, Jacaré, Piratininga
  • Santa Bárbara: Baldeador, Caramujo, Maria Paula, Santa Bárbara
  • Santa Rosa: Cubango, Pé Pequeno, Santa Rosa, Viçoso Jardim, Viradouro
  • São Francisco: Cachoeiras, Charitas, Jurujuba, São Francisco
  • Rio do Ouro: Muriqui, Rio do Ouro, Várzea das Moças, Vila Progresso

Notable people[edit]

Indian rock.
Santa Cruz Fortress.
Fróes cove

References[edit]

Gymnastic formation squad of Niteroi
  1. ^ "Censo Populacional 2010". Censo Populacional 2010. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). 29 November 2010. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  2. ^ Rio de Janeiro to Niteroi, Brazil - Google Maps
  3. ^ "The Niterói Secretary of Culture's official website". Niterói City Hall. Retrieved 2007-02-25. 
  4. ^ Parque Estadual da Serra da Tiririca (in Portuguese), UERJ: Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, retrieved 2017-02-07 
  5. ^ Conheça Niterói (Know Niterói)
  6. ^ "Fears Rio mudslide toll could soar – Americas". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  7. ^ UFF in numbers
  8. ^ Fundação Municipal de Educação de Niterói

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°53′00″S 43°06′13″W / 22.88333°S 43.10361°W / -22.88333; -43.10361

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