|Type||Subsidiary of Nokia|
|Key people||Rajeev Suri (CEO)
Jesper Ovesen (Chairman)
|Products||Mobile Broadband, consultancy and managed services, multimedia technology|
|Revenue||€ 13.1 billion (2012)|
|Operating income||€822 million (2012)|
|Employees||58,411 (end 2012)|
Nokia Networks (formerly Nokia Solutions and Networks (NSN) and Nokia Siemens Networks) is a multinational data networking and telecommunications equipment company headquartered in Espoo, Finland, and wholly owned subsidiary of Nokia Corporation. It was a joint venture between Nokia of Finland and Siemens of Germany known as Nokia Siemens Networks. Nokia Networks has operations in around 150 countries. In 2013, Nokia acquired 100% of the company, with a buy-out of Siemens AG. In April 2014 it was announced the NSN name will be phased out.
The company was created as the result of a joint venture between Siemens Communications division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokia's Network Business Group. The formation of the company was publicly announced on 19 June 2006. Nokia Siemens Networks was officially launched at the 3GSM World Congress in Barcelona in February 2007. Nokia Siemens Networks then began full operations on 1 April 2007 and has its headquarters in Espoo, Greater Helsinki, Finland. As of 2009, according to Siemens, Siemens only retained a non-controlling financial interest in NSN, with the day-to-day operations residing with Nokia.
In January 2008 Nokia Siemens Networks acquired Israeli company Atrica, a company that builds carrier-class Ethernet transport systems for metro networks. The official release did not disclose terms, however they are thought to be in the region of $100 million. In February 2008 Nokia Siemens Networks acquired Apertio, a Bristol, UK-based mobile network customer management tools provider, for €140 million. With this acquisition Nokia Siemens Networks gained customers in the subscriber management area including Orange, T-Mobile, O2, Vodafone, and Hutchison 3G. On 19 July 2010, Nokia Siemens Networks announced it would acquire the wireless-network equipment division of Motorola. The acquisition was completed on 29 April 2011 for $975 million in cash. As part of the transaction approximately 6,900 employees transferred to Nokia Siemens Networks.
On 23 November 2011, Nokia Siemens Networks announced that it would refocus its business on mobile broadband equipment, the fastest-growing segment of the market. This refocus resulted in the restructuring of the company and the planned layoffs of 17,000 employees. The plan would reduce the company’s work force by 23% from its 2011 level of 74,000, and would help the company trim annual operating expenses by $1.35 billion by the end of 2013.
After the restructuring process, Nokia Siemens Networks has brought in a positive turn around to its businesses. The bottom line and operating margins have risen to approximately 10%, which is a significant shift from the previous sub-zero margins, with positive cash flows for the last six quarters.
On 7 August 2013, the company completed the acquisition of Siemens' stake and renamed as "Nokia Solutions and Networks". After this acquisition NSN is fully owned by Nokia.
On 29 April 2014, Nokia Corporation announced that NSN will henceforth be known as the Networks business of the company. It was also announced that Rajeev Suri, the CEO of NSN is appointed as President and CEO of Nokia Corporation, effective May 1, 2014.
Nokia Networks operates in more than 150 countries worldwide and has about 58,400 employees (end 2012). Most of those employees work in one of the six central hubs around the world, including: Espoo in Finland, Munich in Germany, Athens in Greece, Irving, Texas in USA, Budapest in Hungary, Wrocław and Cracow in Poland, Chennai and Bangalore in India, Guangdong in China and Lisbon in Portugal. Its major manufacturing sites are in Chennai in India, China, Oulu in Finland, and in Berlin, Germany.
Rajeev Suri is the current Chief Executive Officer of Nokia Solutions Networks. In this position he succeeds Simon Beresford-Wylie, who stepped down (1 October 2009) after leading the company's integration. Nokia Solutions Networks' Chief Financial Officer (CFO) is Samih Elhage. Prior to this, in March 2012, Samih Elhage was appointed Chief Operating Officer, reporting to Rajeev Suri. With effect from February 2013, the post of COO was discontinued. The Chairman of the board of directors is now Jesper Ovesen, previous chairman was Nokia's former CEO Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, vice chairman is Rudi Lamprecht (Executive Advisor to the CEO of Siemens AG).
Nokia Solutions Networks has organised its operations into the following business units:
News reports claimed that the company had provided internet censorship capabilities to the Iranian government. In June 2009 Nokia Siemens Networks stated that, whilst they had provided lawful interception capable equipment or services to Iran, capable of monitoring local voice calls, they had not provided equipment or services that provided deep packet inspection capabilities, speech recognition, Internet or network monitoring or web censorship capabilities.
Former Nokia executive Chip Pitts has said that issues are raised from the supply of a voice monitoring capability to Iran by Nokia Siemens Networks.[when?] In September 2010 Nokia-Siemens stated that it halted work relating to call monitoring in Iran in 2009, having divested its call monitoring business in the same year. It also had limited its activities in Iran and stated that it was "aware of credible reports that the Iranian authorities use communications technology to suppress political activity in a way that is inconsistent with that government's human rights obligations".