|North Carolina Department of Correction|
|Common name||North Carolina Department of Correction|
New Patch for Service Protection
Logo of North Carolina Department of Correction
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of North Carolina, USA|
|Size||53,865 square miles (139,510 km2)|
|Population||9,222,414 (2008 est.)|
|Headquarters||Raleigh, North Carolina|
|Agency executive||Alvin W. Keller, Secretary of Correction|
|NC DOC Website|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The North Carolina Department of Correction (NCDOC) is the agency responsible for corrections in the U.S. state of North Carolina. NCDOC merged with several departments in 2012, and now falls under the North Carolina Department of Public Safety.
In 1868, North Carolina adopted a new State Constitution that provided for building a state penitentiary. Inmates began building the state's first prison, Central Prison, in 1870 and moved into the completed castle-like structure in December 1884. In 1881, the state leased two tracts of land near Raleigh for inmates to farm. State law 379 enacted in 1885 provided for the allowance of good time as an incentive for inmate cooperation.
In 1901, as demand for inmate labor dwindled from the private sector, the state legislator passed the Good Roads Policy, which legalized the use of inmate labor for the creation and maintenance of North Carolina roads. Horse drawn prison cages were moved from place to place to move the inmate labor force to areas needed for the road projects. 
There are 70 state correctional institutions in North Carolina that house more than 42,000 offenders." 
The male death row is located at the Central Prison. The female death row is located at the North Carolina Correctional Institution for Women. The execution chamber is located at Central Prison.
Since the establishment of the North Carolina Department of Correction, 11 officers have died in the line of duty.