1
Amtrak 19 Through the Hudson River Tunnel
Amtrak 19 Through the Hudson River Tunnel
DATE: 2010/12/29::
2
Entering the North River Tunnels
Entering the North River Tunnels
DATE: 2013/08/25::
3
Elizabeth River Tunnels Project Overview
Elizabeth River Tunnels Project Overview
DATE: 2013/08/06::
4
Crossrail Tunnelling: Building the Thames Tunnel
Crossrail Tunnelling: Building the Thames Tunnel
DATE: 2015/02/27::
5
North Jersey Coast line Train : Seacacus JCT to Hudson River Tunnels
North Jersey Coast line Train : Seacacus JCT to Hudson River Tunnels
DATE: 2010/05/25::
6
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Oaks Tower to East River Tunnels
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Oaks Tower to East River Tunnels
DATE: 2009/05/05::
7
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Hudson River Tunnels to Newark Penn Station
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Hudson River Tunnels to Newark Penn Station
DATE: 2011/12/02::
8
MTA LIRR Update - AMTRAK East River Tunnels/Signal Rebuild
MTA LIRR Update - AMTRAK East River Tunnels/Signal Rebuild
DATE: 2012/12/07::
9
Hudson & East River Amtrak Tunnels Falling Apart
Hudson & East River Amtrak Tunnels Falling Apart
DATE: 2014/10/15::
10
Riding NJ Transit Multilevel Train #3719 from the Tunnel to Secaucus
Riding NJ Transit Multilevel Train #3719 from the Tunnel to Secaucus
DATE: 2009/05/22::
11
Gariep River Tunnels Kakamas   Northern Cape
Gariep River Tunnels Kakamas Northern Cape
DATE: 2011/12/13::
12
East River Tunnel At 63rd Street - A Film Report (1971)
East River Tunnel At 63rd Street - A Film Report (1971)
DATE: 2011/04/13::
13
Boring a train tunnel under a river
Boring a train tunnel under a river
DATE: 2008/06/16::
14
Secret Tunnel to Dracula
Secret Tunnel to Dracula's Garden - Urbex Documentary (Exploring a Buried River near Toronto)
DATE: 2013/02/17::
15
Lee Tunnel Sewer
Lee Tunnel Sewer
DATE: 2015/04/20::
16
Booker surveys Sandy-damaged Hudson River rail tunnels
Booker surveys Sandy-damaged Hudson River rail tunnels
DATE: 2015/05/04::
17
Historic Columbia River Highway Trail, Mosier Twin Tunnels (Zach
Historic Columbia River Highway Trail, Mosier Twin Tunnels (Zach's Outdoors)
DATE: 2015/03/01::
18
Onboard LIRR Train 6033 from Woodside to the East River Tunnels.
Onboard LIRR Train 6033 from Woodside to the East River Tunnels.
DATE: 2013/03/26::
19
Constructing the Harlem River Tunnel
Constructing the Harlem River Tunnel
DATE: 2010/01/14::
20
NJT Comet V #6082 Pulls into the East River Tunnels (with Sick LIRR Horns in the Background)
NJT Comet V #6082 Pulls into the East River Tunnels (with Sick LIRR Horns in the Background)
DATE: 2011/08/25::
21
The Detroit Windsor Tunnel
The Detroit Windsor Tunnel
DATE: 2013/02/27::
22
GoPro - NC to OH Bridges & Tunnels - Hero3 Black
GoPro - NC to OH Bridges & Tunnels - Hero3 Black
DATE: 2014/06/03::
23
Etowah River Mine Tunnel
Etowah River Mine Tunnel
DATE: 2010/05/12::
24
East River & Big Walker Mountain Tunnels Rt 77
East River & Big Walker Mountain Tunnels Rt 77
DATE: 2009/09/29::
25
The Head and the Heart - Rivers and Roads [LIVE PERFORMANCE VIDEO]
The Head and the Heart - Rivers and Roads [LIVE PERFORMANCE VIDEO]
DATE: 2011/04/12::
26
Former NJ Transit Director: Hudson River Train Tunnels Need to Be Fixed
Former NJ Transit Director: Hudson River Train Tunnels Need to Be Fixed
DATE: 2014/10/09::
27
EAST RIVER MOUNTAIN TUNNELS IN A BIG RIG
EAST RIVER MOUNTAIN TUNNELS IN A BIG RIG
DATE: 2011/09/30::
28
Drainage Tunnels (The River Walk) - Columbia, SC
Drainage Tunnels (The River Walk) - Columbia, SC
DATE: 2014/03/29::
29
GOA - Train Journey - Delhi to Goa - Konkan Railway - mountains, rivers, tunnels - 1/3
GOA - Train Journey - Delhi to Goa - Konkan Railway - mountains, rivers, tunnels - 1/3
DATE: 2014/08/24::
30
Tunnels along HiWay 14 WA  Cloumbia River
Tunnels along HiWay 14 WA Cloumbia River
DATE: 2013/05/08::
31
Tunnels Access
Tunnels Access
DATE: 2012/05/29::
32
World Top 10 Longest Underwater Tunnels
World Top 10 Longest Underwater Tunnels
DATE: 2014/04/18::
33
THE CPR SPIRAL TUNNELS
THE CPR SPIRAL TUNNELS
DATE: 2012/11/06::
34
A55 - North Wales Expressway - Time Lapse
A55 - North Wales Expressway - Time Lapse
DATE: 2012/07/29::
35
Tunnel Dam
Tunnel Dam
DATE: 2013/09/19::
36
Trains at the north entrance of the Loreley tunnels on the right Rhine line
Trains at the north entrance of the Loreley tunnels on the right Rhine line
DATE: 2012/01/07::
37
The Fifteen Billion Pound Railway: Tunnels Under The Thames
The Fifteen Billion Pound Railway: Tunnels Under The Thames
DATE: 2014/08/27::
38
Crossrail TBM Sophia Launched
Crossrail TBM Sophia Launched
DATE: 2013/02/07::
39
Exiting Park Ave tunnels to Harlem-125st
Exiting Park Ave tunnels to Harlem-125st
DATE: 2013/07/13::
40
Rajdhani Express in Konkan Railway crosses 2 bridges & 2 tunnels in 2 minutes
Rajdhani Express in Konkan Railway crosses 2 bridges & 2 tunnels in 2 minutes
DATE: 2011/01/23::
41
My Favourite Cycle routes - The Two Tunnels Greenway - Bath
My Favourite Cycle routes - The Two Tunnels Greenway - Bath
DATE: 2014/05/12::
42
Zion National Park, Utah - Mount Carmel Highway Tunnel HD (2013)
Zion National Park, Utah - Mount Carmel Highway Tunnel HD (2013)
DATE: 2013/06/01::
43
Tunnel Walk
Tunnel Walk
DATE: 2009/09/12::
44
Upper Spiral Tunnels at Field, BC
Upper Spiral Tunnels at Field, BC
DATE: 2011/08/26::
45
Paris Metro Driver
Paris Metro Driver's eye view preview
DATE: 2011/01/30::
46
Train Simulator 2014: Canadian Mountain Passes Spiral Tunnels
Train Simulator 2014: Canadian Mountain Passes Spiral Tunnels
DATE: 2014/02/14::
47
Cu Chi Tunnels, Vietnam
Cu Chi Tunnels, Vietnam
DATE: 2012/05/12::
48
Ghost Stations - Permanently Closed New York City Subway Stations
Ghost Stations - Permanently Closed New York City Subway Stations
DATE: 2014/09/17::
49
East Side Access Project Update 2
East Side Access Project Update 2
DATE: 2012/03/05::
50
Tunnels of the Vietnam War -  History Documentary Films HD
Tunnels of the Vietnam War - History Documentary Films HD
DATE: 2015/04/09::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
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North River Tunnels
NJT NEC enters Hudson Palisades.jpg
Western portal at Bergen Hill
Overview
Line Northeast Corridor
Location Hudson Palisades-Hudson River
Coordinates 40°45′31″N 74°00′45″W / 40.7585°N 74.0125°W / 40.7585; -74.0125Coordinates: 40°45′31″N 74°00′45″W / 40.7585°N 74.0125°W / 40.7585; -74.0125
System Amtrak and NJ Transit
Start Secaucus Junction in Secaucus (NJT); Newark Pennsylvania Station in Newark (Amtrak)
End Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, New York City
Operation
Opened November 27, 1910; 104 years ago (November 27, 1910)[1]
Owner Amtrak
Traffic Railroad
Character Passenger
Technical
Design engineer Charles M. Jacobs
Construction 1904-1908
Length 14,575 feet (4,442 m)[2]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrified Third rail and Overhead lines
Lowest elevation 100 feet (30.5 m) below Hudson River, 175 feet (53 m) below Bergen Hill[3]
Grade 1.30% in Weehawken, 1.923% in Manhattan[3]
North River Tunnels is located in New York City
North River Tunnels
North River Tunnels

The North River Tunnels are a pair of tunnels[4]:52 that carry Amtrak and New Jersey Transit rail lines under the Hudson River between Weehawken, New Jersey and Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, New York City. Built between 1904 and 1908 by the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) to allow its trains to reach Manhattan, they opened for passenger service in late 1910.[5]

Design and construction[edit]

Construction of the northern tube under the Hudson River in 1905
North River Tunnels, 1910s (Manhattan side)
The Hackensack portals, 1910
1907 exposition display showing cross-section of North and East River railroad tunnels

Led by Chief Engineer Charles M. Jacobs, the tunnel design team began work in 1902. After plans were complete in 1904, the first task was digging two shafts, one just east of 11th Avenue in Manhattan and a larger one a few hundred yards west of the river. The Weehawken Shaft was completed in September 1904 as a concrete-walled rectangular pit, 56 by 116 ft at the bottom and 76 ft deep.

When the shafts were complete, O'Rourke Engineering Construction Company began work on the tunnels proper. The project was divided into three parts, each managed by a resident engineer: The "Terminal Station" in Manhattan; the "River Tunnels", east from the Weehawken Shaft and under the Hudson River; and the Bergen Hill tunnels, west from the Weehawken Shaft to the tunnel portals on the west side of the Palisades.[4]:45 (At the time, "North River Tunnels" referred to the tunnels east of the Weehawken Shaft; in later years the term has come to include the Bergen Hill tunnels as well.) The tunnels were built with drilling and blasting techniques and tunnelling shields,[6] digging west from Manhattan, east and west from Weehawken, and east from the Bergen portals. The two ends of the northern tube under the river met in September 1906; at that time it was the longest underwater tunnel in the world.[3][7]

Meanwhile, the John Shields Construction Company had begun in 1905 to bore through Bergen Hill, the lower Hudson Palisades;[8] William Bradley took over in 1906 and the tunnels to the Hackensack Meadows were completed in April 1908.[9][10]

The west portals are in North Bergen, at the west edge of the New Jersey Palisades near the east end of Route 3 at U.S. Route 1/9 (40°46′17″N 74°02′31″W / 40.7714°N 74.0419°W / 40.7714; -74.0419). They run beneath North Bergen, Union City, and Weehawken, to the east portals at the east edge of 10th Avenue at 32nd St in Manhattan. (Since 1968 the east portals have been hidden beneath 450 West 33rd Street (WNET headquarters) on the east side of 10th Ave.) When the top of the Weehawken Shaft was covered is a mystery; the two tracks may have remained open to the sky until catenary was added circa 1932.

Except for a curve west of the west end of Pier 72 that totals just under a degree, the two tracks are straight (in plan view); they are 37 feet (11 m) apart from west of 11th Avenue to the Bergen Hill portals. The third rail now ends just west of the Bergen Hill portals.[11]

Operation and useful life[edit]

Since 2003, the tunnels have operated near capacity during peak hours.[2] Trains ordinarily travel west (to New Jersey) through the north tube and east (to Manhattan) through the south. During the busiest hour of morning rush, about 24 trains are scheduled through the south tube, and the same through the north tube in the afternoon.

In June 2009, the Access to the Region's Core project began building a set of parallel tunnels to supplement the North River Tunnels, but that project was canceled in October 2010 by New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, who cited budgets constraints. On February 7, 2011, Amtrak announced that it would spend $50 million on preliminary engineering and design work for a new tunnel project called the Gateway Project, estimated to cost $13.5 billion.[12]

The unprecedented storm surge from Hurricane Sandy flooded one of the North River Tunnels for the first time,[13] damaging overhead wires, electrical systems, concrete bench walls, and drainage systems.[14]

In May 2014, Amtrak CEO Joseph Boardman told the Regional Plan Association that less than 20 years remained before one or both of the tunnels would have to be shut down.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guide to Civil Engineering Projects In and Around New York City (2nd ed.). Metropolitan Section, American Society of Civil Engineers. 2009. p. 58. 
  2. ^ a b Belson, Ken (2008-04-06). "Tunnel Milestone, and More to Come". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  3. ^ a b c "'Pennsy's' North River Tunnel a Marvel of Skill; Bores Meeting Head-on Under the River Only an Eighth of an Inch Out of Alignment and Three-fourths of an Inch Out of Grade" (PDF). The New York Times. September 9, 1906. 
  4. ^ a b Jacobs, Charles M. (Sep 1910). "The New York Tunnel Extension of the Pennsylvania Railroad, The North River Division.". Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers (American Society of Civil Engineers). LXVIII. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Cudahy, Brian J. (2002). Rails Under the Mighty Hudson (2nd ed.). New York: Fordham University Press. ISBN 0823221903. OCLC 48376141. 
  6. ^ Hewett, B.H.M. (1912). "The North River Division". History of the Engineering Construction and Equipment of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company's New York Terminal and Approaches. New York: Isaac H. Blanchard Co. pp. 35–53. 
  7. ^ "Meeting of the Pennsylvania Tunnel Shields". The Railway Age (Chicago: Wilson Co.) 42 (12): 355. 1906-09-21. 
  8. ^ "Penn. Tunnel Award". The New York Times. March 14, 1905. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  9. ^ "Final Blast Opens Pennsylvania Tube". The New York Times. April 9, 1908. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  10. ^ "Another Tube Through". The New York Times. April 11, 1908. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  11. ^ "Bergen Interlocking", The LIRR Today (blog) (registration required)
  12. ^ "Senators propose tunnel linking New York and New Jersey". BBC. 2011-02-07. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  13. ^ Frassinelli, Mike (November 8, 2012). "Transportation update: Amtrak to reopen flooded Hudson River rail tunnel". The Star Ledger. 
  14. ^ HIggs, Larry (September 1, 2014). "Amtrak: New tunnels needed after Sandy damage". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved 2014-09-31.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ Rubinstein, Dana (May 5, 2014). "Clock ticking on Hudson crossings, Amtrak warns". Capital. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
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