Play Video
1
Amtrak 19 Through the Hudson River Tunnel
Amtrak 19 Through the Hudson River Tunnel
::2010/12/29::
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2
Elizabeth River Tunnels Project Overview
Elizabeth River Tunnels Project Overview
::2013/08/06::
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3
Amtrak Keystone Railfan Window from Secaucus to North River Portal
Amtrak Keystone Railfan Window from Secaucus to North River Portal
::2010/06/17::
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4
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Hudson River Tunnels to Newark Penn Station
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Hudson River Tunnels to Newark Penn Station
::2011/12/02::
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5
North River Tunnel to Newark
North River Tunnel to Newark
::2008/07/09::
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6
N. River Tunnel into Penn Station
N. River Tunnel into Penn Station
::2008/07/09::
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7
Minecraft Train Tunnel (Gradual Slope)
Minecraft Train Tunnel (Gradual Slope)
::2014/07/25::
Play Video
8
Hunt F4 Etowah River Tunnel
Hunt F4 Etowah River Tunnel
::2011/09/04::
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9
North Jersey Coast line Train : Seacacus JCT to Hudson River Tunnels
North Jersey Coast line Train : Seacacus JCT to Hudson River Tunnels
::2010/05/26::
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10
East River Mountain Tunnel on I-77 North in Virginia
East River Mountain Tunnel on I-77 North in Virginia
::2009/06/29::
Play Video
11
NECR 611 North, With Tunnel Motors, Three Rivers, MA.
NECR 611 North, With Tunnel Motors, Three Rivers, MA.
::2013/10/13::
Play Video
12
The Detroit Windsor Tunnel
The Detroit Windsor Tunnel
::2013/02/27::
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13
Amtrak 93 from New York Penn Station to Newark Penn Station
Amtrak 93 from New York Penn Station to Newark Penn Station
::2011/05/04::
Play Video
14
RIDING THROUGH EAST RIVER MOUNTAIN TUNNEL HEADING NORTH ON ROUTE 77 IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA OCTOBER 2008.mpg
RIDING THROUGH EAST RIVER MOUNTAIN TUNNEL HEADING NORTH ON ROUTE 77 IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA OCTOBER 2008.mpg
::2008/10/25::
Play Video
15
Train Simulator: NEC--Washington to NEW YORK!! Part 16 NEWARK
Train Simulator: NEC--Washington to NEW YORK!! Part 16 NEWARK
::2009/04/25::
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16
Driving through the famous Tyne Tunnel, North East England, United Kingdom !
Driving through the famous Tyne Tunnel, North East England, United Kingdom !
::2010/08/21::
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17
Onboard LIRR Train 6033 from Woodside to the East River Tunnels.
Onboard LIRR Train 6033 from Woodside to the East River Tunnels.
::2013/03/26::
Play Video
18
Etowah River Mine Tunnel
Etowah River Mine Tunnel
::2010/05/12::
Play Video
19
MTA Video Release: Hurricane Sandy - LIRR East River Tunnel (2 of 2)
MTA Video Release: Hurricane Sandy - LIRR East River Tunnel (2 of 2)
::2012/10/30::
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20
East River, New York City, NY, USA, Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
East River, New York City, NY, USA, Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
::2014/01/05::
Play Video
21
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Oaks Tower to East River Tunnels
REAR VIEW FOOTAGE - Oaks Tower to East River Tunnels
::2009/05/05::
Play Video
22
Train Simulator: NEC--Washington to NEW YORK!! Part 17 NEW YORK-PENN STATION
Train Simulator: NEC--Washington to NEW YORK!! Part 17 NEW YORK-PENN STATION
::2009/04/25::
Play Video
23
Ga. Rob & Terrie Etowah River Tunnel Adventure!
Ga. Rob & Terrie Etowah River Tunnel Adventure!
::2013/04/09::
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24
Adventure through the Etowah River Mine Tunnel
Adventure through the Etowah River Mine Tunnel
::2011/05/30::
Play Video
25
West Virginia: East River Mountain Tunnel
West Virginia: East River Mountain Tunnel
::2007/11/18::
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26
East River Mountain Tunnel
East River Mountain Tunnel
::2006/09/05::
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27
Gariep River Tunnels Kakamas   Northern Cape
Gariep River Tunnels Kakamas Northern Cape
::2011/12/13::
Play Video
28
Secret Tunnel to Dracula
Secret Tunnel to Dracula's Garden - Urbex Documentary (Exploring a Buried River near Toronto)
::2013/02/17::
Play Video
29
Boring a train tunnel under a river
Boring a train tunnel under a river
::2008/06/16::
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30
East River Mountain Tunnel
East River Mountain Tunnel
::2013/07/29::
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31
Through the East River Mountain Tunnel
Through the East River Mountain Tunnel
::2011/12/20::
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32
EAST RIVER MOUNTAIN TUNNELS IN A BIG RIG
EAST RIVER MOUNTAIN TUNNELS IN A BIG RIG
::2011/09/30::
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33
NJT Train 6620 Crawling into NYP
NJT Train 6620 Crawling into NYP
::2009/07/18::
Play Video
34
East River Mountain Tunnel
East River Mountain Tunnel
::2011/09/12::
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35
New York City - Lincoln Tunnel Under Hudson River - Tourism USA
New York City - Lincoln Tunnel Under Hudson River - Tourism USA
::2013/06/30::
Play Video
36
NJT Comet V #6082 Pulls into the East River Tunnels (with Sick LIRR Horns in the Background)
NJT Comet V #6082 Pulls into the East River Tunnels (with Sick LIRR Horns in the Background)
::2011/08/26::
Play Video
37
East River Tunnel At 63rd Street - A Film Report (1971)
East River Tunnel At 63rd Street - A Film Report (1971)
::2011/04/13::
Play Video
38
Etowah River Mine Tunnel - Enigma Research Group
Etowah River Mine Tunnel - Enigma Research Group
::2012/06/25::
Play Video
39
Dashcam video: Rotherhithe Tunnel
Dashcam video: Rotherhithe Tunnel
::2014/01/29::
Play Video
40
Kayaking the East River - Mangrove Tunnel 4 - Fakahatchee Strand Preserve - Everglades.wmv
Kayaking the East River - Mangrove Tunnel 4 - Fakahatchee Strand Preserve - Everglades.wmv
::2012/02/21::
Play Video
41
Acela Express about to enter East River Tunnels, New York City
Acela Express about to enter East River Tunnels, New York City
::2010/12/23::
Play Video
42
East River Mountain Tunnel / Big Walker Mountain Tunnel
East River Mountain Tunnel / Big Walker Mountain Tunnel
::2014/03/21::
Play Video
43
Amtrak Bumblebee Cab leads Keystone Train into East River Tunnels
Amtrak Bumblebee Cab leads Keystone Train into East River Tunnels
::2011/08/26::
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44
Tunnel Chute --- Whitewater Rafting
Tunnel Chute --- Whitewater Rafting
::2009/01/09::
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45
Going through the tunnels into Wind River Canyon.
Going through the tunnels into Wind River Canyon.
::2013/10/08::
Play Video
46
Sick Horn from NJT Comet Cab #5028 at the East River Tunnels
Sick Horn from NJT Comet Cab #5028 at the East River Tunnels
::2011/08/26::
Play Video
47
Kayaking the East River - Mangrove Tunnel 3 - Fakahatchee Strand Preserve - Everglades.wmv
Kayaking the East River - Mangrove Tunnel 3 - Fakahatchee Strand Preserve - Everglades.wmv
::2012/02/21::
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48
Warm River Campground Railroad Tunnel Trail
Warm River Campground Railroad Tunnel Trail
::2011/08/15::
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49
Driving in 3D Through the East River Mountain Tunnel
Driving in 3D Through the East River Mountain Tunnel
::2010/10/19::
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50
Kayaking Turner River - Mangrove Tunnel - Florida Everglades.wmv
Kayaking Turner River - Mangrove Tunnel - Florida Everglades.wmv
::2012/02/21::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
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North River Tunnels
NJT NEC enters Hudson Palisades.jpg
Western portal at Bergen Hill
Overview
Line Northeast Corridor
Location Hudson Palisades-Hudson River
Coordinates 40°45′31″N 74°00′45″W / 40.7585°N 74.0125°W / 40.7585; -74.0125Coordinates: 40°45′31″N 74°00′45″W / 40.7585°N 74.0125°W / 40.7585; -74.0125
System Amtrak and NJ Transit
Start Secaucus Junction in Secaucus (NJT); Newark Pennsylvania Station in Newark (Amtrak)
End Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, New York City
Operation
Opened November 27, 1910; 103 years ago (November 27, 1910)[1]
Owner Amtrak
Traffic Railroad
Character Passenger
Technical
Design engineer Charles M. Jacobs
Construction 1904-1908
Length 14,575 feet (4,442 m)[2]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrified Third rail and Overhead lines
Lowest elevation 100 feet (30.5 m) below Hudson River, 175 feet (53 m) below Bergen Hill[3]
Grade 1.30% in Weehawken, 1.923% in Manhattan[3]
North River Tunnels is located in New York City
North River Tunnels
North River Tunnels

The North River Tunnels carry Amtrak and New Jersey Transit rail lines under the Hudson River between Weehawken, New Jersey and Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, New York City. Built between 1904 and 1908 by the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and opened for passenger service in late 1910, the tunnels allowed Pennsylvania Railroad trains to reach Manhattan.[4]

Design and construction[edit]

Construction of the northern tube under the Hudson River in 1905

Led by Chief Engineer Charles M. Jacobs, the tunnel design team worked between 1902 and 1904. The first task was digging two shafts, one just east of 11th Ave in Manhattan and a larger one a few hundred yards west of the river. The Weehawken Shaft was completed in September 1904 as a concrete-walled rectangular pit, 56 by 116 ft at the bottom and 76 ft deep. The PRR awarded the North River contract to O'Rourke Engineering Construction Company, which began work upon completion of the two shafts. (At the time, "North River Tunnels" referred to the tunnels east of the Weehawken Shaft; in later years the term has come to include the Bergen Hill tunnels as well.) The tunnels were built with drilling and blasting techniques and tunnelling shields,[5] digging west from Manhattan, east and west from Weehawken, and east from the Bergen portals. The two ends of the northern tube under the river met in September 1906; at that time it was the longest underwater tunnel in the world.[3][6] In 1905 the John Shields Construction Company received the contract to bore through Bergen Hill, the lower Hudson Palisades;[7] William Bradley took over in 1906 and the tunnels to the Hackensack Meadows were completed in April 1908.[8][9]

The tunnels' west portals are in North Bergen, at the west edge of the New Jersey Palisades near the east end of Route 3 at U.S. Route 1/9 (40°46′17″N 74°02′31″W / 40.7714°N 74.0419°W / 40.7714; -74.0419). They run beneath North Bergen, Union City, and Weehawken, to the east portals at the east edge of 10th Avenue at 32nd St in Manhattan. (Since 1968 the east portals have been hidden beneath 450 West 33rd Street (WNET headquarters) on the east side of 10th Ave.) When the top of the Weehawken Shaft was covered is a mystery; the two tracks may have remained open to the sky until catenary was added circa 1932.

Except for a curve west of the west end of Pier 72 that totals just under a degree, the two tracks are straight 37 feet (11 m) apart, from west of 11th Avenue to the Bergen Hill portals; the tunnels are so straight that one can theoretically look down the tunnel and see the other side.

Although the tunnel is powered by third rail, the third rail ends just west of the Bergen Hill portals.[10]

Operation and useful life[edit]

Since 2003 the tunnels have been operating near capacity during peak hours.[2] Trains ordinarily travel west (to New Jersey) through the north tube and east (to Manhattan) through the south. During the morning rush about 24 trains are scheduled through the south tube in the busiest hour, and the same through the north tube in the afternoon.

In May 2014 Amtrak C.E.O. Joseph Boardman told the Regional Plan Association that there was something less than 20 years before one or both of the tunnels would have to be shut down.[11]

New tunnel project[edit]

The Access to the Region's Core project to build a set of parallel tunnels began construction in June 2009 to supplement the North River Tunnels, but that project was canceled in October 2010 by New Jersey Governor Chris Christie due to budget constraints. On February 7, 2011, Amtrak announced that it would spend $50-million on preliminary engineering and design work for a new tunnel project called Gateway, estimated to cost $13.5-billion.[12]

Damage from Hurricane Sandy[edit]

As with several tunnels under the East River, one of the North River Tunnels were flooded by the unprecedented storm surge from Hurricane Sandy. This was the first time either the North River or East River Tunnels were flooded.[13] In May 2014 Amtrak CEO Joseph H. Boardman warned that the tunnels would likely need to be shut for repair within the next 20 years.[14]

See also[edit]

1907 exposition display showing cross-section of North and East River railroad tunnels
North River Tunnels, 1910s (Manhattan side)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guide to Civil Engineering Projects In and Around New York City (2nd ed.). Metropolitan Section, American Society of Civil Engineers. 2009. p. 58. 
  2. ^ a b Belson, Ken (2008-04-06). "Tunnel Milestone, and More to Come". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  3. ^ a b c "'Pennsy's' North River Tunnel a Marvel of Skill; Bores Meeting Head-on Under the River Only an Eighth of an Inch Out of Alignment and Three-fourths of an Inch Out of Grade" (PDF). The New York Times. September 9, 1906. 
  4. ^ Cudahy, Brian J. (2002). Rails Under the Mighty Hudson (2nd ed.). New York: Fordham University Press. ISBN 0823221903. OCLC 48376141. 
  5. ^ Hewett, B.H.M. (1912). "The North River Division". History of the Engineering Construction and Equipment of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company's New York Terminal and Approaches. New York: Isaac H. Blanchard Co. pp. 35–53. 
  6. ^ "Meeting of the Pennsylvania Tunnel Shields". The Railway Age (Chicago: Wilson Co.) 42 (12): 355. 1906-09-21. 
  7. ^ "Penn. Tunnel Award". The New York Times. March 14, 1905. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  8. ^ "Final Blast Opens Pennsylvania Tube". The New York Times. April 9, 1908. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  9. ^ "Another Tube Through". The New York Times. April 11, 1908. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  10. ^ http://www.thelirrtoday.com/2014/03/interlocking-walkthrough-bergen.html
  11. ^ Rubinstein, Dana (May 5, 2014). "Clock ticking on Hudson crossings, Amtrak warns". Capital. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  12. ^ "Senators propose tunnel linking New York and New Jersey". BBC. 2011-02-07. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  13. ^ Frassinelli, Mike (November 8, 2012). "Transportation update: Amtrak to reopen flooded Hudson River rail tunnel". The Star Ledger. 
  14. ^ Rubinstein, Dana (May 5, 2014). "Clock ticking on Hudson crossings". Capital New York (New York). 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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