1
North Sulawesi Babirusa - Wildlife at Tampa
North Sulawesi Babirusa - Wildlife at Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
DATE: 2012/08/09::
2
Babirusa Hirscheber Sulawesi
Babirusa Hirscheber Sulawesi
DATE: 2013/12/17::
3
Freaky Sulawesi babirusa pig entertaining people in the zoo
Freaky Sulawesi babirusa pig entertaining people in the zoo
DATE: 2013/08/29::
4
Babirusa from Sulawesi
Babirusa from Sulawesi
DATE: 2013/03/14::
5
Babirusa La Zoo
Babirusa La Zoo
DATE: 2010/06/14::
6
On Location: The Buru Babirusa
On Location: The Buru Babirusa
DATE: 2012/07/29::
7
Strange animal: Babirusa
Strange animal: Babirusa
DATE: 2013/03/14::
8
Volunteer at Tasikoki Wildlife rescue & education centre, North Sulawesi
Volunteer at Tasikoki Wildlife rescue & education centre, North Sulawesi
DATE: 2013/03/06::
9
Meet Fig, Audubon
Meet Fig, Audubon's baby babirusa piglet
DATE: 2013/03/22::
10
Babirusa, Pig - Portland Oregon Zoo
Babirusa, Pig - Portland Oregon Zoo
DATE: 2013/02/09::
11
BABIRUSA, child version
BABIRUSA, child version
DATE: 2013/06/03::
12
Sulawesi Adventure 2012
Sulawesi Adventure 2012
DATE: 2013/05/16::
13
Inventarisasi Babirusa di Suaka Margasatwa Nantu Gorontalo
Inventarisasi Babirusa di Suaka Margasatwa Nantu Gorontalo
DATE: 2014/03/25::
14
Local Market in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Local Market in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
DATE: 2012/01/27::
15
Explore North Sulawesi Indonesia.HD
Explore North Sulawesi Indonesia.HD
DATE: 2012/11/15::
16
Bitung North Sulawesi Daytrippin
Bitung North Sulawesi Daytrippin'
DATE: 2007/06/21::
17
TARSIUS TARSIER eating grasshopper in Tangkoko Nature Reserve - North Sulawesi, Indonesia
TARSIUS TARSIER eating grasshopper in Tangkoko Nature Reserve - North Sulawesi, Indonesia
DATE: 2013/08/10::
18
Underwater Scuba Diving; North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Underwater Scuba Diving; North Sulawesi, Indonesia
DATE: 2011/08/13::
19
Tomohon meat market... North Sulawesi Highlands
Tomohon meat market... North Sulawesi Highlands
DATE: 2014/03/25::
20
All about the Babirusa
All about the Babirusa
DATE: 2013/08/28::
21
Tunan Waterfall near Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Tunan Waterfall near Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
DATE: 2013/03/09::
22
Fantasmas de Sulawesi (documental completo)
Fantasmas de Sulawesi (documental completo)
DATE: 2014/03/09::
23
North Sulawesi - Diving, Culture and Adventure
North Sulawesi - Diving, Culture and Adventure
DATE: 2012/12/28::
24
Sirkuit Enrekang - sulawesi selatan
Sirkuit Enrekang - sulawesi selatan
DATE: 2015/03/10::
25
Gangga Island Diving 2011  Indonesia North Sulawesi
Gangga Island Diving 2011 Indonesia North Sulawesi
DATE: 2012/06/09::
26
Ringtail at Oregon Zoo
Ringtail at Oregon Zoo
DATE: 2012/07/22::
27
Bald Eagle at Oregon Zoo
Bald Eagle at Oregon Zoo
DATE: 2014/06/23::
28
Portland Oregon Zoo ~ River Otters
Portland Oregon Zoo ~ River Otters
DATE: 2014/07/11::
29
Turkey Vulture at Oregon Zoo
Turkey Vulture at Oregon Zoo
DATE: 2014/06/23::
30
Spotlight Tampa Promo - August, 2012
Spotlight Tampa Promo - August, 2012
DATE: 2012/08/09::
31
Anoa los in de buitenbak  18-11-
Anoa los in de buitenbak 18-11-'12
DATE: 2012/11/18::
32
heyvanlar
heyvanlar
DATE: 2012/05/11::
33
Golden Eagle
Golden Eagle
DATE: 2012/06/06::
34
Zoo show wildlife 2 September 12th 2007 budgiemecom
Zoo show wildlife 2 September 12th 2007 budgiemecom
DATE: 2012/10/06::
35
Discover Indonesia
Discover Indonesia
DATE: 2014/10/06::
36
Rambu Solo   Funeral Ceremony   Tana Toraja   Indonesia
Rambu Solo Funeral Ceremony Tana Toraja Indonesia
DATE: 2014/10/06::
37
Koboldmaki (Tarsiidae) - Tarsius, Tarsier, Spökdjur - Tangkoko Nat. Res. in N. Sulawesi - Indonesia
Koboldmaki (Tarsiidae) - Tarsius, Tarsier, Spökdjur - Tangkoko Nat. Res. in N. Sulawesi - Indonesia
DATE: 2014/07/11::
38
Video footage offers an intimate glimpse into the lives of threatened species in Indonesia.
Video footage offers an intimate glimpse into the lives of threatened species in Indonesia.
DATE: 2013/09/10::
39
Instinto Animal - La Babirusa
Instinto Animal - La Babirusa
DATE: 2013/01/07::
40
Sulawesi - Indonesia
Sulawesi - Indonesia
DATE: 2013/08/20::
41
Sulawesi Shrimpcatch
Sulawesi Shrimpcatch
DATE: 2011/06/26::
42
BABIRUSA KIDS PART 01
BABIRUSA KIDS PART 01
DATE: 2009/04/11::
43
Blue Panchax and Green swordtail in Sulawesi
Blue Panchax and Green swordtail in Sulawesi
DATE: 2015/04/02::
44
Exploring Sulawesi,Indonesia
Exploring Sulawesi,Indonesia
DATE: 2009/10/16::
45
Expedition Tompotika - Sulawesi
Expedition Tompotika - Sulawesi
DATE: 2014/07/15::
46
Die Schwarzen Schopfmakaken von Manado Tua - Sulawesi Crested Black Macaques
Die Schwarzen Schopfmakaken von Manado Tua - Sulawesi Crested Black Macaques
DATE: 2013/09/22::
47
Sulawesi for Jesus"Bangkit Bersinarlah"
Sulawesi for Jesus"Bangkit Bersinarlah"
DATE: 2014/08/10::
48
preservation of endangered animals in North Sulawesi (seg.2)
preservation of endangered animals in North Sulawesi (seg.2)
DATE: 2011/02/28::
49
Singapore ZOO - Babirusa fight
Singapore ZOO - Babirusa fight
DATE: 2011/08/25::
50
Tomia Scuba Dive - Wakatobi, Sulawesi Indonesia
Tomia Scuba Dive - Wakatobi, Sulawesi Indonesia
DATE: 2013/08/30::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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North Sulawesi Babirusa
Hirscheber1a.jpg
Adult male
BabirusaSkullLyd2.png
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Babyrousa
Species: B. celebensis
Binomial name
Babyrousa celebensis
Deninger, 1909
Babyrousa celebensis map.svg

The North Sulawesi babirusa, Babyrousa celebensis, is a pig-like animal native to northern Sulawesi and the nearby Lembeh Islands in Indonesia. It has two pairs of large tusks composed of enlarged canine teeth. The upper canines penetrate the top of the snout, curving back toward the forehead. The North Sulawesi Babirusa is threatened from hunting and deforestation.[1]

The common and scientific names are various transcriptions of its local name, which literally translated means "pig-deer" (from Malay babi "pig" + rusa "deer"[2] - see also Javan Rusa) in reference to the huge tusks of the male suggestive of a deer's antlers.

Classification[edit]

Together with the other members of the genus Babyrousa, the North Sulawesi Babirusa has usually been considered a subspecies of a widespread Babyrousa babyrussa, but recent work suggests that there may be several species, differentiable on the basis of geography, body size, amount of body hair, and the shape of the upper canine tooth of the male. Following the split, the "true" Babyrousa babyrussa is restricted to Buru and the Sula Islands.[3]

Most experts agree that babirusas are part of the pig family, and are one of the oldest living members of the family, representing a subfamily, Babyrousinae, that branched off from the warthog branch of the pig family (Subfamily Phacochoerini) during the Oligocene or early Miocene.

Appearance[edit]

Females and young both lack obvious "tusks"

The north Sulawesi babirusa has a head-and-body length of 85–110 cm (33–43 in) and weighs up to 100 kg (220 lb).[4] It is virtually hairless (easily revealing its greyish skin), and the tail-tuft is also nearly hairless. In males, the relatively long and thick upper canines are strongly curved.[3][4] They emerge through the roof of the snout, while the long lower canines emerge through the side of the mouth. The upper canines can grow backwards in a curve until they penetrate the skull of the male babirusa. [5]
In females, the canines are far shorter and typically do not protrude. In comparison, the Buru babirusa has relatively long, thick body hair, a well-developed tail-tuft, and relatively short and slender upper canines in males, while the Togian babirusa is larger, has a relatively well-developed tail-tuft, and the upper canines of the male are "short, slender, rotated forwards, and always converge".[3][4][6]

Habitat[edit]

Its habitat is the underbrush of tropical forests and canebrakes, and the shores of rivers and lakes. Its mostly-hairless, mottled-grey-and-brown hide provide it with a degree of camouflage. The North Sulawesi Babirusa is known for its two pairs of tusks; both its upper and its lower pairs of canine teeth are greatly enlarged, and curve up and back towards the head. The upper canines of the male are so curved and enlarged that they emerge through the flesh, by way of holes, to pass through the top of the snout.

This species is protected by Indonesian law but is threatened by illegal hunting.[7]

Because it is split-hooved and has a three-chambered stomach (and was thus thought to be a ruminant for a long time), there was some dispute in Halakha (Jewish law) as to whether the babirusa is, in fact, kosher (permitted according to Jewish dietary laws). Eventually it was found that the animal is not a true ruminant, and thus remains trefe, like other pigs.

Captivity[edit]

In captivity, the species is very inbred. The Bronx Zoo has an excellent breeding record for this animal, but it has also been bred at several other zoos such as St. Louis Zoo, Los Angeles Zoo, South Lakes Safari Zoo, Marwell Wildlife, Audubon Zoo and Chester Zoo.

In 2006, a male North Sulawesi Babirusa and a female domestic pig were accidentally allowed to interbreed in the Copenhagen Zoo. The offspring were 5 hybrid piglets with teeth most resembling the North Sulawesi Babirusa, while their colour was highly variable.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leus, K. & Oliver, W. (2008). Babyrousa celebensis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
  2. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=babirusa
  3. ^ a b c Meijaard, E. and Groves, C. P. (2002). Upgrading three subspecies of Babirusa (Babyrousa sp.) to full species level. IUCN/SSC Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group (PPHSG) Newsletter 2(2): 33-39.
  4. ^ a b c Meijaard, E., J. P. d'Huart, and W. L. R. Oliver (2011). Babirusa (Babyrousa). Pp. 274–276 in: Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. (2011). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 2, Hoofed Mammals. ISBN 978-84-96553-77-4
  5. ^ http://scienceblogs.com/tetrapodzoology/2010/03/08/babirusa-impales-own-head/
  6. ^ Nash, D. (February 23, 2010). The many babirusa species (babirusas, part VI). Scienceblogs. Accessed May 1, 2012
  7. ^ Clayton, L. M.. "Effects of a Proposed Ex situ Conservation Program on In situ Conservation of the Babirusa, an Endangered Suid" Conservation Biology 14. 2 (2000), 382-385.
  8. ^ http://denmark.dk/portal/page?_pageid=374,610590&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&ic_itemid=929035[dead link]

External links[edit]

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