Play Video
1
North Sulawesi Babirusa - Wildlife at Tampa
North Sulawesi Babirusa - Wildlife at Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
::2012/08/09::
Play Video
2
Bitung North Sulawesi Daytrippin
Bitung North Sulawesi Daytrippin'
::2007/06/22::
Play Video
3
Babirusa from Sulawesi
Babirusa from Sulawesi
::2013/03/14::
Play Video
4
Babirusa Hirscheber Sulawesi
Babirusa Hirscheber Sulawesi
::2013/12/17::
Play Video
5
On Location: The Buru Babirusa
On Location: The Buru Babirusa
::2012/07/30::
Play Video
6
Freaky Sulawesi babirusa pig entertaining people in the zoo
Freaky Sulawesi babirusa pig entertaining people in the zoo
::2013/08/29::
Play Video
7
Babirusa La Zoo
Babirusa La Zoo
::2010/06/14::
Play Video
8
Strange animal: Babirusa
Strange animal: Babirusa
::2013/03/14::
Play Video
9
Volunteer at Tasikoki Wildlife rescue & education centre, North Sulawesi
Volunteer at Tasikoki Wildlife rescue & education centre, North Sulawesi
::2013/03/06::
Play Video
10
TARSIUS TARSIER eating grasshopper in Tangkoko Nature Reserve - North Sulawesi, Indonesia
TARSIUS TARSIER eating grasshopper in Tangkoko Nature Reserve - North Sulawesi, Indonesia
::2013/08/11::
Play Video
11
BABIRUSA, child version
BABIRUSA, child version
::2013/06/03::
Play Video
12
Barbirusa: Unmasking a Legend || Trailer
Barbirusa: Unmasking a Legend || Trailer
::2009/12/23::
Play Video
13
All about the Babirusa
All about the Babirusa
::2013/08/28::
Play Video
14
Babirusa is Funny Pig
Babirusa is Funny Pig
::2013/02/09::
Play Video
15
Instinto Animal - La Babirusa
Instinto Animal - La Babirusa
::2013/01/07::
Play Video
16
Babirusa / Hirscheber
Babirusa / Hirscheber
::2014/01/12::
Play Video
17
Sulawesi Adventure 2012
Sulawesi Adventure 2012
::2013/05/16::
Play Video
18
Globe Trekker - Bali & Sulawesi
Globe Trekker - Bali & Sulawesi
::2013/06/25::
Play Video
19
Babirusa Wallows in the Mud
Babirusa Wallows in the Mud
::2013/08/28::
Play Video
20
Ghosts of Sulawesi (part 1)
Ghosts of Sulawesi (part 1)
::2013/03/20::
Play Video
21
Babirusa Named Ruby
Babirusa Named Ruby
::2014/03/17::
Play Video
22
Babirusa
Babirusa
::2013/02/08::
Play Video
23
Penelope the Babirusa
Penelope the Babirusa
::2013/05/15::
Play Video
24
BABIRUSA vivo MCNAMARA (cover-QUEEN) 15/11/13
BABIRUSA vivo MCNAMARA (cover-QUEEN) 15/11/13
::2013/11/16::
Play Video
25
Zoo Stuttgart - Wilhelma: Hirscheber / Babirusa
Zoo Stuttgart - Wilhelma: Hirscheber / Babirusa
::2012/04/19::
Play Video
26
Babirussza (Babirusa in the Budapest Zoo)
Babirussza (Babirusa in the Budapest Zoo)
::2014/02/23::
Play Video
27
BABIRUSA KIDS PART 01
BABIRUSA KIDS PART 01
::2009/04/11::
Play Video
28
Sulawesi, Indonesia, by (c) Indonature Travel MP4
Sulawesi, Indonesia, by (c) Indonature Travel MP4
::2013/12/26::
Play Video
29
Babirusa Babies - May 26 2012
Babirusa Babies - May 26 2012
::2012/05/27::
Play Video
30
Babirusa - Kalp Krizi
Babirusa - Kalp Krizi
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
31
Barbirusa: Unmasking a Legend
Barbirusa: Unmasking a Legend
::2011/09/22::
Play Video
32
Mandíbula - Babirusa
Mandíbula - Babirusa
::2013/08/07::
Play Video
33
Singapore ZOO - Babirusa fight
Singapore ZOO - Babirusa fight
::2011/08/25::
Play Video
34
Riverbanks Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo's Bertello the Babirusa
::2011/07/08::
Play Video
35
Baby Babirusa at the Toronto Zoo
Baby Babirusa at the Toronto Zoo
::2012/06/04::
Play Video
36
babirusa
babirusa
::2010/06/26::
Play Video
37
Maleo Hammerhuhn Sulawesi
Maleo Hammerhuhn Sulawesi
::2013/12/17::
Play Video
38
BABIRUSA vivo en MCNAMARA 15/11/13
BABIRUSA vivo en MCNAMARA 15/11/13
::2013/11/16::
Play Video
39
Babirusa at Lowry Park Zoo 10/13/2013
Babirusa at Lowry Park Zoo 10/13/2013
::2013/10/26::
Play Video
40
Animal Kingdom Babirusa 7/3/2013 #4
Animal Kingdom Babirusa 7/3/2013 #4
::2013/07/10::
Play Video
41
Juernes   Babirusa Le Bier 01 12 12
Juernes Babirusa Le Bier 01 12 12
::2012/12/04::
Play Video
42
3D Model of Babirusa
3D Model of Babirusa
::2012/03/27::
Play Video
43
Babirusa kids and mom
Babirusa kids and mom
::2009/08/09::
Play Video
44
Babirusa rock (Rosario)
Babirusa rock (Rosario)
::2012/05/16::
Play Video
45
Babirusa Rock en Café de la Flor
Babirusa Rock en Café de la Flor
::2012/03/24::
Play Video
46
Framepool - Heck
Framepool - Heck's Macaque / Paguyaman Forest / Sulawesi / Indonesia
::2013/04/22::
Play Video
47
BABIRUSA KIDS PART 02
BABIRUSA KIDS PART 02
::2009/04/11::
Play Video
48
BABIRUSA  - Long As I Can See The Light (Creedence)
BABIRUSA - Long As I Can See The Light (Creedence)
::2012/07/23::
Play Video
49
Singapour, Zoo, Babirusa
Singapour, Zoo, Babirusa
::2011/04/04::
Play Video
50
Babirusa   Tuco Solo Le Bier 280112
Babirusa Tuco Solo Le Bier 280112
::2012/02/16::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from North Sulawesi Babirusa)
Jump to: navigation, search
North Sulawesi Babirusa
Adult male
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Babyrousa
Species: B. celebensis
Binomial name
Babyrousa celebensis
Deninger, 1909

The North Sulawesi babirusa, Babyrousa celebensis, is a pig-like animal native to northern Sulawesi and the nearby Lembeh Islands in Indonesia. It has two pairs of large tusks composed of enlarged canine teeth. The upper canines penetrate the top of the snout, curving back toward the forehead. The North Sulawesi Babirusa is threatened from hunting and deforestation.[1]

The common and scientific names are various transcriptions of its local name, which literally translated means "pig-deer" (from Malay babi "pig" + rusa "deer"[2] - see also Javan Rusa) in reference to the huge tusks of the male suggestive of a deer's antlers.

Classification[edit]

Together with the other members of the genus Babyrousa, the North Sulawesi Babirusa has usually been considered a subspecies of a widespread Babyrousa babyrussa, but recent work suggests that there may be several species, differentiable on the basis of geography, body size, amount of body hair, and the shape of the upper canine tooth of the male. Following the split, the "true" Babyrousa babyrussa is restricted to Buru and the Sula Islands.[3]

Most experts agree that babirusas are part of the pig family, and are one of the oldest living members of the family, representing a subfamily, Babyrousinae, that branched off from the warthog branch of the pig family (Subfamily Phacochoerini) during the Oligocene or early Miocene.

Appearance[edit]

Females and young both lack obvious "tusks"

The north Sulawesi babirusa has a head-and-body length of 85–110 cm (33–43 in) and weighs up to 100 kg (220 lb).[4] It is virtually hairless (easily revealing its greyish skin), and the tail-tuft is also nearly hairless. In males, the relatively long and thick upper canines are strongly curved.[3][4] They emerge through the roof of the snout, while the long lower canines emerge through the side of the mouth. The upper canines can grow backwards in a curve until they penetrate the skull of the male babirusa. [5]
In females, the canines are far shorter and typically do not protrude. In comparison, the Buru babirusa has relatively long, thick body hair, a well-developed tail-tuft, and relatively short and slender upper canines in males, while the Togian babirusa is larger, has a relatively well-developed tail-tuft, and the upper canines of the male are "short, slender, rotated forwards, and always converge".[3][4][6]

Habitat[edit]

Its habitat is the underbrush of tropical forests and canebrakes, and the shores of rivers and lakes. Its mostly-hairless, mottled-grey-and-brown hide provide it with a degree of camouflage. The North Sulawesi Babirusa is known for its two pairs of tusks; both its upper and its lower pairs of canine teeth are greatly enlarged, and curve up and back towards the head. The upper canines of the male are so curved and enlarged that they emerge through the flesh, by way of holes, to pass through the top of the snout.

This species is protected by Indonesian law but is threatened by illegal hunting.[7]

Because it is split-hooved and has a three-chambered stomach (and was thus thought to be a ruminant for a long time), there was some dispute in Halakha (Jewish law) as to whether the babirusa is, in fact, kosher (permitted according to Jewish dietary laws). Eventually it was found that the animal is not a true ruminant, and thus remains trefe, like other pigs.

Captivity[edit]

A feeding male at Disney's Animal Kingdom

In captivity, the species is very inbred. The Bronx Zoo has an excellent breeding record for this animal. There are not many zoos that have bred the animal; some that have are St. Louis Zoo, Los Angeles Zoo, South Lakes Safari Zoo, Marwell Wildlife, and Chester Zoo.

In 2006, a male North Sulawesi Babirusa and a female domestic pig were accidentally allowed to interbreed in the Copenhagen Zoo. The offspring were 5 hybrid piglets with teeth most resembling the North Sulawesi Babirusa, while their colour was highly variable.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leus, K. & Oliver, W. (2008). Babyrousa celebensis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 15 November 2008.
  2. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=babirusa
  3. ^ a b c Meijaard, E. and Groves, C. P. (2002). Upgrading three subspecies of Babirusa (Babyrousa sp.) to full species level. IUCN/SSC Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group (PPHSG) Newsletter 2(2): 33-39.
  4. ^ a b c Meijaard, E., J. P. d'Huart, and W. L. R. Oliver (2011). Babirusa (Babyrousa). Pp. 274–276 in: Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. (2011). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 2, Hoofed Mammals. ISBN 978-84-96553-77-4
  5. ^ http://scienceblogs.com/tetrapodzoology/2010/03/08/babirusa-impales-own-head/
  6. ^ Nash, D. (February 23, 2010). The many babirusa species (babirusas, part VI). Scienceblogs. Accessed May 1, 2012
  7. ^ Clayton, L. M.. "Effects of a Proposed Ex situ Conservation Program on In situ Conservation of the Babirusa, an Endangered Suid" Conservation Biology 14. 2 (2000), 382-385.
  8. ^ http://denmark.dk/portal/page?_pageid=374,610590&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&ic_itemid=929035[dead link]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014