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Babirusa Hirscheber Sulawesi
Babirusa Hirscheber Sulawesi
Published: 2013/12/17
Channel: metzger6666
North Sulawesi babirusa
North Sulawesi babirusa
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: WikiWikiup
North Sulawesi Babirusa - Wildlife at Tampa
North Sulawesi Babirusa - Wildlife at Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Published: 2012/08/09
Channel: CityofTampa
AP Biology: Final Zoo Project - The North Sulawesi Babirusa
AP Biology: Final Zoo Project - The North Sulawesi Babirusa
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Karyssa Stonick
All about the Babirusa
All about the Babirusa
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: Houston Zoo
Strange animal: Babirusa
Strange animal: Babirusa
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: AB Studio
Babirusa from Sulawesi
Babirusa from Sulawesi
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: AB Studio
Disney
Disney's Animal Kingdom- Oasis- Pair of North Sulawesi Babirusas
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: Mylo the Zoo-loving Scientist
"The land of smilling people" - North Sulawesi
"The land of smilling people" - North Sulawesi
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: BANITA TOUR
On Location: The Buru Babirusa
On Location: The Buru Babirusa
Published: 2012/07/30
Channel: DeadMonkey8984
Adorable Pair of Babirusa Piglets Explore Outside for First Time
Adorable Pair of Babirusa Piglets Explore Outside for First Time
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: Audubon Nature Institute
Roasted skewered Rats. A local delicacy in North Sulawesi island,indonesia
Roasted skewered Rats. A local delicacy in North Sulawesi island,indonesia
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: John Yannopapas
A Babirusa is Become Dead-th
A Babirusa is Become Dead-th
Published: 2013/03/28
Channel: todayidrewapig
Sulawesi North  -  2015
Sulawesi North - 2015
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: jaderoo2
Riverbanks Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo's Bertello the Babirusa
Published: 2011/07/08
Channel: theriverbankszoo
Wild Wednesday: The baby Babirusa
Wild Wednesday: The baby Babirusa
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: WACH FOX
Volunteer at Tasikoki Wildlife rescue & education centre, North Sulawesi
Volunteer at Tasikoki Wildlife rescue & education centre, North Sulawesi
Published: 2013/03/06
Channel: Raymond Hartman
Meet a Wild Boar with a Terrific Tusk
Meet a Wild Boar with a Terrific Tusk
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Great Big Story
Coral Eye Resort, Bangka Island, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Coral Eye Resort, Bangka Island, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Published: 2013/10/21
Channel: Michael Helmer
Buru babirusa @ Zoo Antwerp
Buru babirusa @ Zoo Antwerp
Published: 2013/06/07
Channel: Gilles Delhaye
Save SULAWESI BABIRUSA or Obama will find you.
Save SULAWESI BABIRUSA or Obama will find you.
Published: 2015/05/22
Channel: rishabh tatia
Babirusa La Zoo
Babirusa La Zoo
Published: 2010/06/14
Channel: Ezra Kamer
Babirusa Named Ruby
Babirusa Named Ruby
Published: 2014/03/17
Channel: Mindmilling
Babirusa, Pig - Portland Oregon Zoo
Babirusa, Pig - Portland Oregon Zoo
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: AnimalsReview
babirusa
babirusa
Published: 2010/06/26
Channel: Alexander Zlenko
Batu Goso - Pulau Bangka North Sulawesi
Batu Goso - Pulau Bangka North Sulawesi
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: Roike Hendra Kalangi
Diving Highlights from Manado / Bunaken - North Sulawesi, Indonesia 14-19 Oct 2011
Diving Highlights from Manado / Bunaken - North Sulawesi, Indonesia 14-19 Oct 2011
Published: 2011/10/27
Channel: Sim Kar Seng
North Sulawesi - Tangkoko Reserve, diving at Lembeh and Bunaken islands - Indonesia
North Sulawesi - Tangkoko Reserve, diving at Lembeh and Bunaken islands - Indonesia
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: Stairs & Sparks
KESAKSIAN PETERNAK BABI YANG MENGGUNAKAN VITERNA
KESAKSIAN PETERNAK BABI YANG MENGGUNAKAN VITERNA
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: Penyuluh Perikanan
Deaprtures Area, Manado International Airport, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Deaprtures Area, Manado International Airport, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Published: 2013/05/01
Channel: John Yannopapas
Local Market in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Local Market in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Published: 2012/01/27
Channel: MICE-Contact Magazine
CARA TERNAK BABI SUKSES CEPAT BESAR DAN SEHAT HANYA HITUNGAN BULAN
CARA TERNAK BABI SUKSES CEPAT BESAR DAN SEHAT HANYA HITUNGAN BULAN
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Distributor Tunggal Pupuk PT NASA
Babirusa Babies - May 26 2012
Babirusa Babies - May 26 2012
Published: 2012/05/27
Channel: Schnoidz
Ternak Babi Sukses Cepat besar dan Sehat Bau Kotoran Berkurang
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Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Distributor Tunggal Pupuk PT NASA
Strange Animals In The World | You Have Never Seen | Must Watch
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Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: Antivirus Akash Viral Fever
Tumbak, Bajo village in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Tumbak, Bajo village in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: DILAUT Production
Ternak Babi Intensif Bobot meningkat Cepat Besar Cepat panen
Ternak Babi Intensif Bobot meningkat Cepat Besar Cepat panen
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: Budidaya Agrokompleks
Bunaken - North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Bunaken - North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Wira Praja
Gangga Island Diving 2011  Indonesia North Sulawesi
Gangga Island Diving 2011 Indonesia North Sulawesi
Published: 2012/06/09
Channel: Harry Juselius
Animal Kingdom Babirusas
Animal Kingdom Babirusas
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Sarus Crane
Cara Ternak Babi 087736999929 Pakan Ternak Babi Dengan Nasa.
Cara Ternak Babi 087736999929 Pakan Ternak Babi Dengan Nasa.
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: peternakan sukses Nasa
North Sulawesi - Diving, Culture and Adventure
North Sulawesi - Diving, Culture and Adventure
Published: 2012/12/28
Channel: bluemi332
Cara Meningkatkan Bobot Ternak Babi dalam Waktu Singkat liputan Toraja
Cara Meningkatkan Bobot Ternak Babi dalam Waktu Singkat liputan Toraja
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: Budidaya Agrokompleks
Teknis rahasia Cara Budidaya Ternak Babi Cepat Besar hanya 4 bulan Bag.1
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Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: Cara Budidaya [Prima Agro]
Diving North Sulawesi
Diving North Sulawesi
Published: 2013/04/19
Channel: Kinderpot St
north sulawesi tangkoko naturereserve
north sulawesi tangkoko naturereserve
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: Marnick Vanelslander
cara budidaya babi cepat gemuk,ramuan penggemuk babai,vitamin untuk babi
cara budidaya babi cepat gemuk,ramuan penggemuk babai,vitamin untuk babi
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: Berdy Iwang
AB something - Brings trouble to humanity! ...and be happy!
AB something - Brings trouble to humanity! ...and be happy!
Published: 2011/07/06
Channel: dreamer dreamer
Dog market, Tomohon (Sulawesi)
Dog market, Tomohon (Sulawesi)
Published: 2014/08/16
Channel: Greg James Wade
Babirusa Piglet at Chester Zoo
Babirusa Piglet at Chester Zoo
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: ZooBorns
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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North Sulawesi babirusa
Hirscheber1a.jpg
Adult male
Babyrousa celebensis - Crane.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Babyrousa
Species: B. celebensis
Binomial name
Babyrousa celebensis
Deninger, 1909
Babyrousa celebensis map.svg

The North Sulawesi babirusa, Babyrousa celebensis, is a pig-like animal native to Sulawesi and some nearby islands (Lembeh, Buton, and Muna Islands) in Indonesia.[2] It has two pairs of large tusks composed of enlarged canine teeth. The upper canines penetrate the top of the snout, curving back toward the forehead. The North Sulawesi babirusa is threatened from hunting and deforestation.[1]

The common and scientific names are various transcriptions of its local name, which literally translated means "pig-deer" (from Indonesian babi "pig" + rusa "deer"[3] – see also Javan Rusa) in reference to the huge tusks of the male suggestive of a deer's antlers.

Classification[edit]

Together with the other members of the genus Babyrousa, the North Sulawesi babirusa has usually been considered a subspecies of a widespread Babyrousa babyrussa, but recent work suggests that there may be several species, differentiable on the basis of geography, body size, amount of body hair, and the shape of the upper canine tooth of the male. Following the split, the "true" Babyrousa babyrussa is restricted to Buru and the Sula Islands.[4]

Most experts agree that babirusas are part of the pig family, and are one of the oldest living members of the family, representing a subfamily, Babyrousinae, that branched off from the warthog branch of the pig family (Subfamily Phacochoerini) during the Oligocene or early Miocene.

Appearance[edit]

Females and young both lack obvious "tusks"

The north Sulawesi babirusa has a head-and-body length of 85–110 cm (33–43 in) and weighs up to 100 kg (220 lb).[5] It is virtually hairless (easily revealing its greyish skin), and the tail-tuft is also nearly hairless. In males, the relatively long and thick upper canines are strongly curved.[4][5] They emerge through the roof of the snout, while the long lower canines emerge through the side of the mouth. The upper canines can grow backwards in a curve until they penetrate the skull of the male babirusa.[6]
In females, the canines are far shorter and typically do not protrude. In comparison, the Buru babirusa has relatively long, thick body hair, a well-developed tail-tuft, and relatively short and slender upper canines in males, while the Togian babirusa is larger, has a relatively well-developed tail-tuft, and the upper canines of the male are "short, slender, rotated forwards, and always converge".[4][5][7]

Habitat[edit]

Its habitat is the underbrush of tropical forests and canebrakes, and the shores of rivers and lakes. Its mostly-hairless, mottled-grey-and-brown hide provide it with a degree of camouflage. The North Sulawesi Babirusa is known for its two pairs of tusks; both its upper and its lower pairs of canine teeth are greatly enlarged, and curve up and back towards the head. The upper canines of the male are so curved and enlarged that they emerge through the flesh, by way of holes, to pass through the top of the snout.

This species is protected by Indonesian law but is threatened by illegal hunting.[8]

Captivity[edit]

In captivity, the species is very inbred. The Bronx Zoo has an excellent breeding record for this animal, but it has also been bred at several other zoos such as St. Louis Zoo, Los Angeles Zoo, South Lakes Safari Zoo, Marwell Wildlife, Audubon Zoo and Chester Zoo.

In 2006, a male North Sulawesi Babirusa and a female domestic pig were accidentally allowed to interbreed in the Copenhagen Zoo. The offspring were 5 hybrid piglets with teeth most resembling the North Sulawesi Babirusa, while their colour was highly variable.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leus, K.; Macdonald, A.; Burton, J.; Rejeki, I. (2016). "Babyrousa celebensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T136446A44142964. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T136446A44142964.en. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  2. ^ Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 637. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ "Babirusa | Definition of Babirusa by Merriam-Webster". Merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2017-05-13. 
  4. ^ a b c Meijaard, E. and Groves, C. P. (2002). Upgrading three subspecies of Babirusa (Babyrousa sp.) to full species level. IUCN/SSC Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos Specialist Group (PPHSG) Newsletter 2(2): 33-39.
  5. ^ a b c Meijaard, E., J. P. d'Huart, and W. L. R. Oliver (2011). Babirusa (Babyrousa). Pp. 274–276 in: Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. (2011). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 2, Hoofed Mammals. ISBN 978-84-96553-77-4
  6. ^ Naish, Darren (2010-03-08). "Babirusas can get impaled by their own teeth: that most sought-after of objects does exist! (babirusas, part VIII) – Tetrapod Zoology". Scienceblogs.com. Retrieved 2017-05-13. 
  7. ^ Nash, D. (February 23, 2010). The many babirusa species (babirusas, part VI). Scienceblogs. Accessed May 1, 2012
  8. ^ Clayton, L. M.. "Effects of a Proposed Ex situ Conservation Program on In situ Conservation of the Babirusa, an Endangered Suid" Conservation Biology 14. 2 (2000), 382-385.
  9. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20141215034359/http://denmark.dk/portal/page?_pageid=374,610590&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL&ic_itemid=929035. Archived from the original on December 15, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2006.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]

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