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Taliban Mujahideen attack and capture American Base in Nuristan Province
Taliban Mujahideen attack and capture American Base in Nuristan Province
::2014/01/08::
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2
LIVE-Firefight In Nuristan Province Afghanistan
LIVE-Firefight In Nuristan Province Afghanistan
::2011/09/10::
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3
tourmaline from  Nuristan province
tourmaline from Nuristan province
::2009/07/29::
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Allah
Allah's name in Afghanistan (Nuristan Province) Miracles of Allah
::2010/07/04::
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5
U.S. MP
U.S. MP's Train ANP in Nuristan Province
::2008/09/04::
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ANA dance, Nuristan Province
ANA dance, Nuristan Province
::2009/11/04::
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7
1-6 FA Patrols Nuristan Province
1-6 FA Patrols Nuristan Province
::2008/08/25::
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8
Governor of Nuristan Province. Afghanistan, Talks to Talking With Heroes
Governor of Nuristan Province. Afghanistan, Talks to Talking With Heroes
::2010/08/19::
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9
Malyar Sadeq Azad - Nuristan Province_ BBC Persian
Malyar Sadeq Azad - Nuristan Province_ BBC Persian
::2014/06/06::
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10
Army Sniper at Outpost Mace in Nuristan, Afghanistan - Barrett Rifle
Army Sniper at Outpost Mace in Nuristan, Afghanistan - Barrett Rifle
::2012/02/16::
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11
Nuristan School Visit
Nuristan School Visit
::2012/03/02::
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12
Taliban Ambush Afghan, US Forces; Caught on Tape in Nuristan
Taliban Ambush Afghan, US Forces; Caught on Tape in Nuristan
::2012/07/05::
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13
Nuristan Resupply
Nuristan Resupply
::2011/10/02::
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U.S. troops in Afghanistan
U.S. troops in Afghanistan's Nuristan Jun 13 12.mp4
::2012/06/13::
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Battle of Wanat Video Recreation
Battle of Wanat Video Recreation
::2014/07/14::
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Budgeting in Nuristan, Afghanistan
Budgeting in Nuristan, Afghanistan
::2011/03/25::
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Live Apache Footage Afghanistan
Live Apache Footage Afghanistan
::2011/03/10::
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Heavy Fire Used To Defend Combat Outpost Keating
Heavy Fire Used To Defend Combat Outpost Keating
::2012/10/08::
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19
Ryan Pitts
Ryan Pitts' Medal of Honor Ceremony
::2014/07/22::
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20
President Obama Awards the Medal of Honor
President Obama Awards the Medal of Honor
::2013/08/26::
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Taliban Mücahidlerinin Nuristan Üssü operasyonu
Taliban Mücahidlerinin Nuristan Üssü operasyonu
::2013/02/10::
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Taliban fighters display
Taliban fighters display 'US weapons' - 10 Nov 09
::2009/11/09::
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Combat Medic in Afghanistan Multimedia.mp4
Combat Medic in Afghanistan Multimedia.mp4
::2010/11/14::
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Dco 1/102 FIREFIGHTS
Dco 1/102 FIREFIGHTS
::2011/11/07::
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US troops scanning retinas in Afghan province
US troops scanning retinas in Afghan province
::2010/03/05::
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10 Green Berets to Receive Silver Star for Afghan Battle
10 Green Berets to Receive Silver Star for Afghan Battle
::2008/12/13::
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173rd ABCT 2-508 PIR in Waygal Valley, Afghanistan
173rd ABCT 2-508 PIR in Waygal Valley, Afghanistan
::2007/11/21::
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Wanat Battle Nuristan 2008
Wanat Battle Nuristan 2008
::2013/08/08::
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Kalash People (PTV Documentary 1976)
Kalash People (PTV Documentary 1976)
::2013/05/12::
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United States Nurturing Talibans In Afghanistan
United States Nurturing Talibans In Afghanistan
::2012/05/31::
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Growing Hope in Afghanistan Part 1
Growing Hope in Afghanistan Part 1
::2011/12/21::
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Taliban capture american weapons
Taliban capture american weapons
::2014/07/17::
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Nuristan
Nuristan
::2007/08/18::
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Kalash and Nuristani: Small communities from central Asia
Kalash and Nuristani: Small communities from central Asia
::2013/02/25::
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OP Fritsche good times
OP Fritsche good times
::2011/03/04::
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Photos From the Field 27 June 2011
Photos From the Field 27 June 2011
::2011/06/27::
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Foreign fighters killed in Afghanistan after border crossing
Foreign fighters killed in Afghanistan after border crossing
::2011/05/03::
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Phillip Allen Bocks Part 1 of 2
Phillip Allen Bocks Part 1 of 2
::2008/01/28::
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Faces of Freedom Afghanistan: Pfc. Gary Whitlock
Faces of Freedom Afghanistan: Pfc. Gary Whitlock
::2011/01/03::
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40
Mosaic News - 11/10/09: World News From The Middle East
Mosaic News - 11/10/09: World News From The Middle East
::2009/11/11::
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Two fresh US strikes kill at least seven civilians in eastern Afghanistan
Two fresh US strikes kill at least seven civilians in eastern Afghanistan
::2013/11/20::
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42
Sgt. Kyle White Medal of Honor Ceremony
Sgt. Kyle White Medal of Honor Ceremony
::2014/07/16::
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3 Afghans killed in US assassination drone strike
3 Afghans killed in US assassination drone strike
::2013/11/12::
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Growing Hope in Afghanistan Part 2
Growing Hope in Afghanistan Part 2
::2011/12/21::
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RAY SAUCEDO REPORTS- Afghan Mujahidin attacking an ANA Military Base in Nuristan - Part 1.flv
RAY SAUCEDO REPORTS- Afghan Mujahidin attacking an ANA Military Base in Nuristan - Part 1.flv
::2012/03/30::
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President Obama Awards Sgt. Kyle J. White the Medal of Honor
President Obama Awards Sgt. Kyle J. White the Medal of Honor
::2014/05/13::
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Taliban kills 10 medical workers in Afghanistan
Taliban kills 10 medical workers in Afghanistan
::2010/08/07::
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raqs nuristani
raqs nuristani
::2013/06/05::
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nuristani songs
nuristani songs
::2012/01/16::
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TORMALINA ELBAITE 2 CT DAKonar Province Kunar Province; Konarh Province; Konarha Province; Nuristan, Afghanistan
TORMALINA ELBAITE 2 CT DAKonar Province Kunar Province; Konarh Province; Konarha Province; Nuristan, Afghanistan
::2011/10/12::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Nuristan
نورستان
Province
A river in Nuristan province
A river in Nuristan province
Map of Afghanistan with Nuristan highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Nuristan highlighted
Coordinates: 35°15′N 70°45′E / 35.25°N 70.75°E / 35.25; 70.75Coordinates: 35°15′N 70°45′E / 35.25°N 70.75°E / 35.25; 70.75
Country  Afghanistan
Provincial center Parun
Government
 • Governor Hafiz Abdul Qayyum
Population [1]
 • Total 130,000
Time zone GMT+4:30
ISO 3166 code AF-NUR
Main languages Nuristani
Pashto

Nuristān (Persian/Pashto: نورستان‎), also spelled Nurestān or Nooristan, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. It is divided into seven districts and has a population of about 130,000.[1] Parun serves as the provincial capital.

It was formerly known as Kafiristan ("Land of the kafirs") until the inhabitants were converted to Islam in 1895, and thence the region has become known as Nuristan ("Land of light").[2]

The primary occupations are agriculture, animal husbandry, and day labor. Located on the southern slopes of the Hindu Kush mountains in the northeastern part of the country, Nuristan spans the basins of the Alingâr, Pech, Landai Sin, and Kunar rivers. It is bordered on the north by Badakhshan Province, on the south by Laghman and Kunar provinces, on the west by Panjshir province, and on the east by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

History[edit]

Further information: History of Afghanistan

The region was historically known as Kafiristan (meaning "Land of the kafirs") because of its inhabitants: the Nuristani, an ethnically distinctive people who practiced a form of ancient Hinduism.[1] It was conquered by Emir Abdur Rahman Khan in the late 19th century and the Nuristani people began converting to Islam.

"The Kafirs are thought to be the original inhabitants of the plains country of Afghanistan in what is now Nuristan. They were driven back into the mountain areas by the arrival of Islam in the country about 700AD. They are thought to be the descendents of the old native population that used to occupy the region, and they did not convert to Islam with the rest of the population, remaining pagan for several more centuries."[3]

—Frank Clements, 2003

British Missionaries wrote:

"The Kafirs were largely independent until the late nineteenth century, when the region was attacked by the forces of Abdur Rahman and the population was more forcibly converted to Islam."[3]

The region was renamed Nuristan, meaning Land of the enlightened, a reflection of the "enlightening" of the pagan Nuristani by the "light-giving" of Islam.

Nuristan was once thought to have been a region through which Alexander the Great passed with a detachment of his army; thus the folk legend that the Nuristani people are descendants of Alexander (or "his generals").

Abdul Wakil Khan Nuristani is one of the most prominent figures in Nuristan's history. He fought against the British-led Punjabi army and drove them out of the eastern provinces of Afghanistan. He is buried on the same plateau where King Amanullah Khan is buried.

Recent history[edit]

A U.S. soldier moving along a path overlooking the mountainside village of Aranas while on patrol in 2006.
Members of the Afghan National Army (ANA) during a U.S.-led patrol in Wadawu valley during Operation Silver Creek in August 2009.

Since the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Pakistani politicians have been focusing on connecting what is now Tajikistan with Pakistan. This requires weakening Afghan rule in Nuristan and Badakhshan provinces by secretly funding anti-Afghan rebel forces, similar to Kashmir conflict with India. In the meantime, Afghan politicians (particularly Mohammed Daoud Khan) have been focusing on re-annexing Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of what is now Pakistan. This has led to militancy on both sides of the Durand Line border.[4]

Nuristan was the scene of some of the heaviest guerrilla fightings during the 1980s Soviet war in Afghanistan. The province was influenced by Mawlawi Afzal's Islamic Revolutionary State of Afghanistan, which was supported by Pakistan nationalists and Saudi Arabia. It dissolved under the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Taliban rule) in the late 1990s.[5]

Nuristan is one of the poorest and most remote provinces of Afghanistan. Few NGO's operate in Nuristan because of Taliban insurgency and lack of safe roads. The United States and the Afghan government are jointly working to solve these issues. Some road construction projects were launched linking Nangarej to Mandol and Chapa Dara to Titan Dara.[6] The Afghan government also worked on a direct road route to Laghman province, in order to reduce dependence on the road through restive Kunar province to the rest of Afghanistan. Other road projects were started aimed at improving the primitive road from Kamdesh to Bargamatal, and from Nangalam in Kunar province to the provincial center at Parun.

Since Nuristan is a highly ethnically homogeneous province, there are few incidents of inter-ethnic violence. However, there are instances of disputes among inhabitants, some of which continue for decades. Nuristan has suffered from its inaccessibility and lack of infrastructure. The government presence is under-developed, even compared to neighboring provinces. Nuristan's formal educational sector is weak, with few professional teachers. Due to its proximity to Pakistan, many of the inhabitants are actively involved in trade and commerce across the border.

A map from the Afghan Ministry of the Interior produced in 2009 showed the western region of Nuristan to be under "enemy control". There have been numerous conflicts between anti-Afghanistan militants and U.S.-led Afghan security forces. In April 2008 members of the 3rd Special Forces Group led Afghan soldiers from the Commando Brigade into the Shok valley in an unsuccessful attempt to capture warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. In July 2008 approximately 200 Taliban guerrillas attacked a NATO position just south of Nuristan, near the village of Wanat in the Waygal District, killing 9 U.S. soldiers.[7] In the following year, in early October, more than 350 anti-Afghanistan militants backed by members of the Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin and other militia groups fought U.S.-led Afghan security forces in the Battle of Kamdesh at Camp Keating in Nuristan. The base was nearly overrun; more than 100 Taliban fighters, eight U.S. soldiers, and seven members of the Afghan security forces were killed during the fighting.[8][9][10][11] Four days after the battle, in early October 2009, U.S. forces withdrew from their four main bases in Nuristan, as part of a plan by General Stanley McChrystal to pull troops out of small outposts and relocate them closer to major towns.[12] The U.S. has pulled out from some areas in the past, but never from all four main bases.[13] A month after the U.S. pullout the Taliban was governing openly in Nuristan.[14] According to The Economist, Nuristan is "a place so tough that NATO abandoned it in 2010 after failing to subdue it."[15]

Politics and governance[edit]

Jamaluddin Badar, on the left with glasses and a Pakul hat, is the former governor of Nuristan. He was convicted by the Afghan government for political corruption.[16]

The current governor of the province is Hafiz Abdul Qayyum.[17] His predecessor was Jamaluddin Badar, who was sacked and convicted in Kabul for political corruption.[16] The town of Parun serves as the capital of Nuristan province.

All law enforcement activities throughout the province are controlled by the Afghan National Police (ANP). The border with neighboring Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is monitored by the Afghan Border Police (ABP). A provincial police chief is assigned to lead both the ANP and the ABP. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP and ABP are backed by the Afghan Armed Forces, including the NATO-led forces.

Healthcare[edit]

Further information: Health in Afghanistan

The percentage of households with clean drinking water increased from 2% in 2005 to 12% in 2011.[18] The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 1% in 2005 to 22% in 2011.[18]

Education[edit]

Further information: Education in Afghanistan

In 2002 the first gender assessment of women's conditions in Nuristan was completed.[19] The overall literacy rate (6+ years of age) fell from 17.7% in 2005 to 17% in 2011.[18] The overall net enrolment rate (6–13 years of age) increased from 8.7% in 2005 to 45% in 2011.[18]

Demographics[edit]

Further information: Demographics of Afghanistan

As of 2013, the total population of the province is about 130,000.[1] Around 99.3% are Nuristanis and 0.6% Gujjars.[20][21] Around 90% of the population speak the following Nuristani languages:[22]

The Pashayi languages is used by about 15% of the population.[22]

The main Nuristani tribes in the province are:

Pashto or Dari (Afghan Persian), the two official languages of Afghanistan, are also commonly used by Nuristanis as second or third languages.

Districts[edit]

Districts of Nuristan.
Districts of Nuristan Province
District Center Population[22] Area[23] Notes
Bargi Matal
Du Ab Established in 2004, formerly part of Nuristan District and Mangol District
Kamdesh Kamdish
Mandol Lost territory to Du Ab District in 2004
Nurgram Established in 2004, formerly part of Nuristan District and Wama District
Parun Parun Established in 2004, formerly part of Wama District
Wama Lost territory to Parun District and Nurgram District in 2004
Waygal

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Nangarhar Province". Understanding War. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 
  2. ^ Klimberg, Max (October 1, 2004). "NURISTAN". Encyclopædia Iranica (Online ed.). United States: Columbia University. 
  3. ^ a b Conflict in Afghanistan: a historical encyclopedia by Frank Clements, Ludwig W. Adamec Edition: illustrated Published by ABC-CLIO, 2003 Page 139 ISBN 1-85109-402-4, ISBN 978-1-85109-402-8
  4. ^ Bowersox, Gary W. (2004). The Gem Hunter: The Adventures of an American in Afghanistan. United States: GeoVision, Inc.,. p. 100. ISBN 0-9747-3231-1. Retrieved 2010-08-22. "To launch this plan, Bhutto recruited and trained a group of Afghans in the Bala-Hesar of Peshawar, in Pakistan's North-west Frontier Province. Among these young men were Massoud, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, and other members of Jawanan-e Musulman. Massoud's mission to Bhutto was to create unrest in northern Afghanistan. It served Massoud's interests, which were apparently opposition to the Soviets and independence for Afghanistan. Later, after Massoud and Hekmatyar had a terrible falling-out over Massoud's opposition to terrorist tactics and methods, Massoud overthrew from Jawanan-e Musulman. He joined Rabani's newly created Afghan political party, Jamiat-i-Islami, in exile in Pakistan." 
  5. ^ Daan Van Der Schriek, ed. (May 26, 2005). "Nuristan: Insurgent Hideout in Afghanistan, Terrorism Monitor, Volume 3, Issue 10". Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  6. ^ Nuristan governor, contractor, and Afghanistan engineer district sign partnership agreement at the Wayback Machine (archived July 8, 2007), Headquarters US Central Command, News Release, June 13, 2006
  7. ^ "Taliban fighters storm US base". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2008-07-16. 
  8. ^ Taliban govern openly in Nuristan, Bill Roggio, Long War Journal, 2009-11-12
  9. ^ Taliban Claim to Seize American Arms, Robert Mackey, New York Times, 2009-11-12
  10. ^ Eight U.S. Troops Die in Attack on Afghan Outpost, Joshua Partow, Washington Post, 2009-10-04
  11. ^ Heavy US losses in Afghan battle, Martin Patience, BBC News, Kabul, 4 October 2009
  12. ^ Kamdesh ambush played out like Wanat battle, Matthew Cox and Michelle Tan, Army Times, November 3, 2009
  13. ^ Asia Times Online :: South Asia news, business and economy from India and Pakistan. Atimes.com (2009-10-29). Retrieved on 2011-02-07.
  14. ^ Taliban govern openly in Nuristan, Bill Roggio, Long War Journal, 2009-11-12
  15. ^ "Pakistan’s border badlands: Double games". The Economist. Jul 12, 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  16. ^ a b Zarghona Salehi, ed. (September 26, 2012). "Governor among 3 ex-Nuristan officials jailed". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  17. ^ Mahbob Shah Mahbob, ed. (April 22, 2014). "Nuristan’s development completely neglected: Governor". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  18. ^ a b c d Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/Nuristan.aspx
  19. ^ http://www.inclusivesecurity.org/network-bio/wazhma-frogh/
  20. ^ "Nuristan Province". Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 
  21. ^ Nuristan Tribal Map on nps.edu
  22. ^ a b c Nuristan provincial profile profile compiled by the National Area-Based Development Programme (NABDP) of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD)
  23. ^ Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers

Further reading[edit]

  • Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977): An Historical Guide to Afghanistan. 1st Edition: 1970. 2nd Edition. Revised and Enlarged. Afghan Tourist Organization. LINK
  • Richard F. Strand. (1997–present) Richard Strand's Nuristan Site LINK. The most accurate and comprehensive source on Nuristan, by the world's leading scholar on the languages and ethnic groups of Nuristan.
  • M. Klimburg. NURISTAN in Encyclopedia Iranica. LINK
  • Edelberg, Lennart (1984) "Nuristani Buildings" Jutland Archaeological Society Publications, Vol. 18, 1984.
  • Edelberg, Lennart & Schuyler Jones (1979) "Nuristan" Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria
  • Jones, Schuyler (1992) "Afghanistan" Vol. 135 of the World Bibliographical Series, Clio Press, Oxford.
  • Jones, Schuyler (1974) "Men of Influence in Nuristan: A Study of Social Control & Dispute Settlement in Waigal Valley, Afghanistan." Seminar Press, London & New York.
  • Wilber, Donald N. (1968)Annotated Bibliography of Afghanistan. Human Relations Area Files, New Haven, Conn.
  • Jones, Schuyler (1966) An Annotated Bibliography of Nuristan (Kafiristan) and the Kalash Kafirs of Chitral, Part One. Royal Danish Academy of Sciences & Letters, Vol. 41, No. 3.
  • Kukhtina, Tatiyana I. (1965) Bibliografiya Afghanistana: Literatuyra na russkom yazyka. Nauka, Moscow.
  • Akram, Mohammed (1947) Bibliographie de l'Afghanistan, I, ouvrages parus hors de l'Afghanistan. Centre de Documentation Universitaire, Paris.

External sources[edit]

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