1
GIANT OARFISH FILMED IN MEXICO
GIANT OARFISH FILMED IN MEXICO
DATE: 2014/04/11::
2
GIANT OARFISH: REAL SEA SERPENTS
GIANT OARFISH: REAL SEA SERPENTS
DATE: 2013/06/12::
3
Giant oarfish -Video of 18 ft sea serpent; unidentified creature or monster oarfish in California!
Giant oarfish -Video of 18 ft sea serpent; unidentified creature or monster oarfish in California!
DATE: 2013/10/16::
4
Rare oarfish sighting
Rare oarfish sighting
DATE: 2014/04/07::
5
Oarfish: The Ultimate Fish Tale
Oarfish: The Ultimate Fish Tale
DATE: 2014/07/24::
6
Octonauts -  The Oarfish
Octonauts - The Oarfish
DATE: 2013/12/08::
7
EXTREMELY RARE EST. 15-20
EXTREMELY RARE EST. 15-20' OARFISH, SEA SERPENT ALIVE!!
DATE: 2012/10/13::
8
Louisiana scientist believe they captured the Mysterious Giant Oarfish on camera for the first time
Louisiana scientist believe they captured the Mysterious Giant Oarfish on camera for the first time
DATE: 2013/06/09::
9
Rare oarfish washes ashore California beach
Rare oarfish washes ashore California beach
DATE: 2015/06/03::
10
Oarfish
Oarfish
DATE: 2006/07/28::
11
HUGE ASS OARFISH caught in Cabo San Lucas
HUGE ASS OARFISH caught in Cabo San Lucas
DATE: 2012/10/20::
12
The Oarfish, the King of Herrings
The Oarfish, the King of Herrings
DATE: 2012/09/03::
13
Oarfish Could Signal Earthquake!
Oarfish Could Signal Earthquake!
DATE: 2013/10/17::
14
OARFISH rare sighting in shallow waters of California
OARFISH rare sighting in shallow waters of California
DATE: 2014/11/04::
15
Earthquake Prophecy: Giant Oarfish Found on California
Earthquake Prophecy: Giant Oarfish Found on California's Catalina Island
DATE: 2015/06/06::
16
Rare oarfish sighting 2014 (NEW)
Rare oarfish sighting 2014 (NEW)
DATE: 2014/04/09::
17
Giant Oarfish Swims Under Kayak
Giant Oarfish Swims Under Kayak
DATE: 2014/03/25::
18
Oarfish - Sea Serpent
Oarfish - Sea Serpent
DATE: 2008/03/23::
19
Oarfish: Rare 18ft
Oarfish: Rare 18ft 'sea serpent' discovered off California coast
DATE: 2013/10/16::
20
Video of the Oarfish, Regalecus glesne
Video of the Oarfish, Regalecus glesne
DATE: 2013/06/06::
21
Giant
Giant 'Sea Serpent' Caught on Camera
DATE: 2010/02/09::
22
Earthquake Prophecy: Rare Oarfish Washes Up in New Zealand Harbor
Earthquake Prophecy: Rare Oarfish Washes Up in New Zealand Harbor
DATE: 2015/04/22::
23
Could This Oarfish Mean the Next Big Earthquake?
Could This Oarfish Mean the Next Big Earthquake?
DATE: 2014/04/09::
24
Giant oarfish on California coast
Giant oarfish on California coast
DATE: 2015/06/03::
25
A giant oarfish washed up on the shores of Catalina.
A giant oarfish washed up on the shores of Catalina.
DATE: 2015/06/02::
26
Octonauts and the oarfish
Octonauts and the oarfish
DATE: 2012/11/11::
27
Living Oarfish 11/01/2010 リュウグウノツカイ
Living Oarfish 11/01/2010 リュウグウノツカイ
DATE: 2010/01/21::
28
Cá Oarfish khổng lồ được phát hiện tại California
Cá Oarfish khổng lồ được phát hiện tại California
DATE: 2013/10/31::
29
Slender Oarfish in Aquarium
Slender Oarfish in Aquarium
DATE: 2013/04/29::
30
It succeeds in feeding of Oarfish 2m
It succeeds in feeding of Oarfish 2m
DATE: 2014/03/31::
31
Octonauts and The Oarfish (Season 1 - Episode 32) Full Episode
Octonauts and The Oarfish (Season 1 - Episode 32) Full Episode
DATE: 2014/06/12::
32
5 meter long oarfish discovered off California coast
5 meter long oarfish discovered off California coast
DATE: 2013/10/16::
33
Incredibly Rare Oarfish measuring Seventeen FEET
Incredibly Rare Oarfish measuring Seventeen FEET
DATE: 2015/06/03::
34
This extremely rare oarfish washed up on a beach in New Zealand
This extremely rare oarfish washed up on a beach in New Zealand
DATE: 2015/04/17::
35
Rare Oarfish measuring 17 FEET washes up off the coast of South California SECOND in two years
Rare Oarfish measuring 17 FEET washes up off the coast of South California SECOND in two years
DATE: 2015/06/03::
36
ROV Encounters a Bizarre Deep-Sea Oarfish | Video
ROV Encounters a Bizarre Deep-Sea Oarfish | Video
DATE: 2013/06/10::
37
Unknown Sea Creature Filmed in Florida (Documentary)
Unknown Sea Creature Filmed in Florida (Documentary)
DATE: 2014/03/18::
38
GIANT OARFISH CAPTURED ON VIDEO FOR THE FIRST TIME JUNE 10, 2013 (GABE HASH)
GIANT OARFISH CAPTURED ON VIDEO FOR THE FIRST TIME JUNE 10, 2013 (GABE HASH)
DATE: 2013/06/10::
39
Octonauts Creatures - OARFISH
Octonauts Creatures - OARFISH
DATE: 2014/02/17::
40
Most Credible Sea Monster or Giant Oarfish Proof ever caught on video!! Must watch
Most Credible Sea Monster or Giant Oarfish Proof ever caught on video!! Must watch
DATE: 2013/10/08::
41
Ikan Duyung Atau Oarfish Yang Bisa Berenang sejauh 1.600 meter di bawah permukaan Laut
Ikan Duyung Atau Oarfish Yang Bisa Berenang sejauh 1.600 meter di bawah permukaan Laut
DATE: 2013/06/11::
42
'Amazing': Rare 13.5-Foot Oarfish Washes Up on Southern California Island
DATE: 2015/06/04::
43
This extremely rare oarfish washed up on a beach in New Zealand
This extremely rare oarfish washed up on a beach in New Zealand
DATE: 2015/04/18::
44
Video  Oarfish Earthquake Myth Exposed
Video Oarfish Earthquake Myth Exposed
DATE: 2013/10/23::
45
Oarfish video
Oarfish video
DATE: 2007/12/10::
46
Earthquake Warning? Another oarfish washes ashore in California
Earthquake Warning? Another oarfish washes ashore in California
DATE: 2015/06/09::
47
Octonauts and The Oarfish Season 1 Episode 32 Full Episode
Octonauts and The Oarfish Season 1 Episode 32 Full Episode
DATE: 2015/04/17::
48
Rare 17-Foot Deep Sea Dwelling
Rare 17-Foot Deep Sea Dwelling 'Oarfish' Washes Up On Southern California Coast
DATE: 2015/06/04::
49
幻の深海魚 「リュウグウノツカイ」 2013 Giant Oarfish
幻の深海魚 「リュウグウノツカイ」 2013 Giant Oarfish
DATE: 2013/03/10::
50
Rare 17-foot oarfish washes ashore on a Los Angeles coastal island
Rare 17-foot oarfish washes ashore on a Los Angeles coastal island
DATE: 2015/06/03::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Not to be confused with Paddlefish.
Oarfish
King of herrings.png
Giant oarfish
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Lampriformes
Family: Regalecidae
Genera

Agrostichthys
Regalecus

United States servicemen holding a 23-foot (7.0 m) giant oarfish, found washed up on the shore near San Diego, California, in September 1996

Oarfish are large, greatly elongated, pelagic lampriform fish belonging to the small family Regalecidae.[1] Found in all temperate to tropical oceans yet rarely seen, the oarfish family contains four species in two genera. One of these, the giant oarfish (Regalecus glesne), is the longest bony fish alive, growing to up to 11 m (36 ft) in length. That is not enough to qualify as the longest fish, however, as some of the cartilaginous fish such as the basking shark and whale shark are even longer.

The common name oarfish is thought to be in reference either to their highly compressed and elongated bodies, or to the now discredited belief that the fish "row" themselves through the water with their pelvic fins.[2] The family name Regalecidae is derived from the Latin regalis, meaning "royal". The occasional beachings of oarfish after storms, and their habit of lingering at the surface when sick or dying, make oarfish a probable source of many sea serpent tales.

Although the larger species are considered game fish and are fished commercially to a minor extent, oarfish are rarely caught alive; their flesh is not well regarded for eating due to its gelatinous consistency.[3]

Anatomy and morphology[edit]

Oarfish that washed ashore on a Bermuda beach in 1860: The fish was 16 ft (4.9 m) long and was originally described as a sea serpent. It was even suggested by the The Inverness Courier in 1933 that sightings of the Loch Ness Monster were actually oarfish.

The dorsal fin originates from above the (relatively small) eyes and runs the entire length of the fish. Of the approximately 400 dorsal fin rays, the first 10 to 12 are elongated to varying degrees, forming a trailing crest embellished with reddish spots and flaps of skin at the ray tips. The pelvic fins are similarly elongated and adorned, reduced to one to five rays each. The pectoral fins are greatly reduced and situated low on the body. The anal fin is completely absent and the caudal fin may be reduced or absent, as well, with the body tapering to a fine point. All fins lack true spines. At least one account, from researchers in New Zealand, described the oarfish as giving off "electric shocks" when touched.[2]

Like other members of its order, the oarfish has a small yet highly protrusible oblique mouth with no visible teeth. The body is scaleless and the skin is covered with easily abraded, silvery guanine. In the streamer fish (Agrostichthys parkeri), the skin is clad with hard tubercles. All species lack gas bladders and the number of gill rakers is variable.

Oarfish coloration is also variable; the flanks are commonly covered with irregular bluish to blackish streaks, black dots, and squiggles. These markings quickly fade following death. The giant oarfish is by far the largest member of the family at a published total length of 11 m (36 ft)—with unconfirmed reports of 17 m (56 ft)[4][5] specimens—and 270 kg (600 lb) in weight.[6] The streamer fish is known to reach 3 m (10 ft) in length,[7] while the largest recorded specimen of Regalecus russelii measured 5.4 m (18 ft).[8]

Oarfish are the longest known living species of bony fish.[9]

Distribution[edit]

The members of the family are known to have a worldwide range. However, human encounters with live oarfish are rare, and distribution information is collated from records of oarfish caught or washed ashore.[2]

Encounters with two washed-up oarfish occurred in Southern California in October 2013.[10][11] In March 2014, another was filmed by a kayaker on an expedition sponsored by the Shedd Aquarium.[12] In 2015 an Oarfish washed up on a Catalina island beach, and was found by staffers with the Catalina Island Conservancy.[13]

In 1993 an oarfish was caught in Isla Del Marco, Baja California South, Mexico[14]

In April 2015 a 10-foot oarfish washed up in New Zealand at Aramoana Spit in Dunedin.[15]

In June 2015, a 17-foot oarfish was spotted floating in the waters off Sandy Beach on Catalina Island, CA.[16]

June 1 2015, a 14 foot oarfish washed ashore, with its tail missing, on Catalina Island, California. The fifth oarfish to wash ashore in California within a year.[17]

Ecology and life history[edit]

Rare encounters with divers and accidental catches have supplied what little is known of oarfish behaviour and ecology. Apparently solitary animals, oarfish may frequent significant depths up to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). An oarfish measuring 3.3 m (11 ft) and 63.5 kg (140 lb) was reported to have been caught on 17 February 2003 by Ms Val Fletcher using a fishing rod baited with squid, at Skinningrove, United Kingdom.[18]

A photograph on display in bars, restaurants, guesthouses and markets around Laos and Thailand captioned "Queen of Nāgas was seized by the American Army at Mekhong River, Laos Military Base, on June 27, 1973, with the length of 7.80 metres" is, as far as the caption goes, a hoax. The photograph was taken by Dr. Leo Smith of the Field Museum, of an oarfish found in September 1996 by United States Navy SEAL trainees on the coast of Coronado, California, USA.[19][20]

Behaviour[edit]

In 2001, an oarfish was filmed alive in situ: the 1.5-metre (4.9-foot) fish was spotted by a group of U.S. Navy personnel during the inspection of a buoy in the Bahamas.[21] The oarfish was observed to propel itself by an amiiform mode of swimming; that is, rhythmically undulating the dorsal fin while keeping the body itself straight. Perhaps indicating a feeding posture, oarfish have been observed swimming in a vertical orientation, with their long axis perpendicular to the ocean surface. In this posture, the downstreaming light would silhouette the oarfishes' prey, making them easier to spot.

In July 2008, scientists captured footage of the rare fish swimming in its natural habitat in the Gulf of Mexico. It is the first ever confirmed sighting of an oarfish at depth, as most specimens are discovered dying at the sea surface or washed ashore. The fish was estimated to be between 5 and 10 m (16 and 33 ft) in length.[22]

As part of the SERPENT Project, five observations of apparently healthy oarfish Regalecus glesne by remotely operated vehicles were reported from the northern Gulf of Mexico between 2008 and 2011 at depths within the epipelagic and mesopelagic zones.[23] These observations include the deepest verified record of R. glesne (463–492 m (1,519–1,614 ft)).[24]

From December 2009 to March 2010, unusual numbers of the slender oarfish Regalecus russelii[8] (宮の使い “Ryūgū-No-Tsukai”,) known in Japanese folklore as the Messenger from the Sea God's Palace, appeared in the waters and on the beaches of Japan, the appearance of which is said to portend earthquakes.[25]

Scientists claim that oarfish can be the cause for "Nessie Sightings", because when they are sick or dying, they float near the surface of the water.[citation needed]

Feeding ecology[edit]

Oarfish feed primarily on zooplankton, selectively straining tiny euphausiids, shrimp, and other crustaceans from the water. Small fish, jellyfish, and squid are also taken. Large open-ocean carnivores are all likely predators of oarfish.

Life history[edit]

The oceanodromous Regalecus glesne is recorded as spawning off Mexico from July to December; all species are presumed to not guard their eggs, and release brightly coloured, buoyant eggs, up to 6 mm (0.24 in) across, which are incorporated into the zooplankton. The eggs hatch after about three weeks into highly active larvae that feed on other zooplankton. The larvae have little resemblance to the adults, with long dorsal and pelvic fins and extensible mouths.[2] Larvae and juveniles have been observed drifting just below the surface. In contrast, adult oarfish are rarely seen at the surface when not sick or injured.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2005). "Regalecidae" in FishBase. February 2005 version.
  • Pete Thomas, Blue Demons, The Los Angeles Times, August 26, 2006.
  • Fishes: An Introduction to ichthyology. Peter B. Moyle and Joseph J. Cech, Jr; p. 338. Printed in 2004. Prentice-Hall, Inc; Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. ISBN 0-13-100847-1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). "Regalecidae" in FishBase. March 2007 version.
  2. ^ a b c d Olney, John E. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 157–159. ISBN 0-12-547665-5. 
  3. ^ Davis, Josh L. Rare "Sea Monster" Washes Ashore In New Zealand. IFLScience
  4. ^ Bourton, Jody. Giant bizarre deep sea fish filmed in Gulf of Mexico. BBC Earth News
  5. ^ Douglas Quenqua. Oarfish Offer Chance to Study an Elusive Animal Long Thought a Monster. New York Times. 2 November 2013
  6. ^ Burton, Maurice; Burton, Robert (2002). International Wildlife Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York: Marshall Cavendish. pp. 1767–1768. ISBN 0-7614-7279-7. 
  7. ^ "Agrostichthys parkeri (Benham, 1904) Streamer fish". FishBase Consortium. Retrieved 2013-11-03. 
  8. ^ a b "Regalecus russelii (Cuvier, 1816) species summary". FishBase Consortium. Retrieved 2013-11-03. 
  9. ^ "5 Surprising Facts About the Oarfish That Has Been Washing Up on Beaches". Retrieved 2015-06-06. 
  10. ^ "Quake rumours over new beached 'sea serpent' in US". BBC News. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  11. ^ http://ktla.com/2013/10/14/18-foot-oarfish-found-on-catalina-amazes-scientists-campers/
  12. ^ "Giant Oarfish Video". National Geographic. 
  13. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/06/03/oarfish-california-catalina-island_n_7501648.html
  14. ^ "WeirdFins". www.nmfs.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-06. 
  15. ^ http://www.techtimes.com/articles/47145/20150419/rare-deep-sea-oarfish-washes-ashore-in-new-zealand.htm
  16. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/articles/oarfish-663925-fish-island.html
  17. ^ Lee, Jane J.; 04, National Geographic PUBLISHED June. "Rare "Sea Serpent" Oarfish Found on California Island". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2015-06-06. 
  18. ^ Jenkins, Russell (21 February 2003). "Woman angler lands legendary sea monster". The Times, London. Retrieved 25 February 2010. The novice angler fishing off the rocks for mackerel thought that she must have hooked a big one. – Unfortunately the oarfish has been cut up into steaks for the pot. 
  19. ^ Ranges, Trevor (2002–2006). "A Big Fish Tale". thailandroad.com. p. 2. We were on our morning physical fitness run when we came across this huge fish lying on the sand. 
  20. ^ JOSN Jojm (April 1997). "SEALs and a serpent of the sea" (PDF). ALL HANDS. photos by LT DeeDee Van Wormer. Naval Media Center. pp. 20–21. The silvery serpent of the sea – an oarfish – was discovered last year by Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) Instructor Signalman 2nd Class (SEAL) Kevin Blake. 
  21. ^ "Sustainability species Identification; Oarfish (Regalecus glesne Ascanius)". NOAA Fisheries service. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  22. ^ Bourton, Jody (2010-02-08). "Giant bizarre deep sea fish filmed in Gulf of Mexico". BBC. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  23. ^ http://www.serpentproject.com/
  24. ^ Benfield, M.C. (5 June 2013). "Five in situ observations of live oarfish Regalecus glesne (Regalecidae) by remotely operated vehicles in the oceanic waters of the northern Gulf of Mexico". Journal of Fish Biology. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  25. ^ Yamamoto, Daiki (4 Mar 2010). "Sea serpents' arrival puzzling, or portentous?". Kyodo News. Retrieved 6 Mar 2010. TOYAMA — A rarely seen deep-sea fish regarded as something of a mystery has been giving marine experts food for thought recently after showing up in large numbers along the Sea of Japan coast. 

External links[edit]

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