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An Interview with Obafemi Awolowo
An Interview with Obafemi Awolowo
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Lagos Capitalist
Chief Obafemi Awolowo in Constitution Conference 1958 and Commissioning of WNTV 1959
Chief Obafemi Awolowo in Constitution Conference 1958 and Commissioning of WNTV 1959
Published: 2013/08/28
Channel: Lekan Wasiudeen
SYND 14 12 79 UPN PARTY CHIEF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO ATTENDS CONVENTION
SYND 14 12 79 UPN PARTY CHIEF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO ATTENDS CONVENTION
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
Chief Obafemi Awolowo: Quality Leadership
Chief Obafemi Awolowo: Quality Leadership
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: Bola Adewara
Commander Ebenezer Obey ~ Tribute to the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo (part a)
Commander Ebenezer Obey ~ Tribute to the late Chief Obafemi Awolowo (part a)
Published: 2009/09/22
Channel: groovemonzter
Fela Durotoye Discusses How Not To Emulate Obafemi Awolowo
Fela Durotoye Discusses How Not To Emulate Obafemi Awolowo
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: SaharaTV
AWOLOWO CAMPAIGN FOR PRESIDENT IN LAGOS STATE
AWOLOWO CAMPAIGN FOR PRESIDENT IN LAGOS STATE
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: lasg Page
AWOLOWO JAILED  - NO SOUND
AWOLOWO JAILED - NO SOUND
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: British Movietone
Oluwole Awolowo Is Laid To Rest In Ikene
Oluwole Awolowo Is Laid To Rest In Ikene
Published: 2013/04/27
Channel: Channels Television
News Across Nigeria: Prominent Leaders, Nigerians Celebrate The Late Sage Obafemi Awolowo
News Across Nigeria: Prominent Leaders, Nigerians Celebrate The Late Sage Obafemi Awolowo
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Channels Television
Nigeria
Nigeria's Founding Fathers - Awolowo, Azikiwe, Balewa, Bello
Published: 2013/08/26
Channel: Nigeria History Channel
How Chief Obafemi Awolowo dethroned the Alaafin of Oyo Oba Adeyemi Adeniran who married 200 wives in
How Chief Obafemi Awolowo dethroned the Alaafin of Oyo Oba Adeyemi Adeniran who married 200 wives in
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Gina Kennedy
Biography Profile Of Chief Mrs Hannah Idowu Dideolu Awolowo, HID
Biography Profile Of Chief Mrs Hannah Idowu Dideolu Awolowo, HID
Published: 2015/11/03
Channel: nollywoodMaster
DUTY TO NIGERIA by  CHIEF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO and CORONATION by LADI SOYODE
DUTY TO NIGERIA by CHIEF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO and CORONATION by LADI SOYODE
Published: 2009/06/01
Channel: Ladi Soyode
Chief Obafemi Awolowo: Quality Leadership
Chief Obafemi Awolowo: Quality Leadership
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: Bola Adewara
Strivia University Invasion (Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife) | Pulse TV
Strivia University Invasion (Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife) | Pulse TV
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Pulse Nigeria
Azikiwe, Awolowo, Waziri on Aminu Kano absence from a progressive alliance meeting in Enugu, Nigeria
Azikiwe, Awolowo, Waziri on Aminu Kano absence from a progressive alliance meeting in Enugu, Nigeria
Published: 2011/06/11
Channel: Udo Udeogaranya
WATCH How Obafemi Awolowo University Boys Sing For Their Girls At Awo Hall
WATCH How Obafemi Awolowo University Boys Sing For Their Girls At Awo Hall
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Ebals News
Obafemi Awolowo and Action Group on Campaign Trail
Obafemi Awolowo and Action Group on Campaign Trail
Published: 2013/05/20
Channel: Nigeria History Channel
Take a look at H.I.D Awolowo
Take a look at H.I.D Awolowo's golden casket
Published: 2015/11/15
Channel: Nigerian Tribune
Prominent Leaders,Nigerians Celebrate The Late Sage Obafemi Awolowo
Prominent Leaders,Nigerians Celebrate The Late Sage Obafemi Awolowo
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Channels Television
Bata Dance By Lagbaja At Obafemi Awolowo University, OAU
Bata Dance By Lagbaja At Obafemi Awolowo University, OAU
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: John Omolaolu
President-elect Buhari on Obafemi Awolowo
President-elect Buhari on Obafemi Awolowo
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: bolajiutube
Finest Worship 2015 Flash Mob Obafemi Awolowo University
Finest Worship 2015 Flash Mob Obafemi Awolowo University
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: Emmanuel Oluwafemi
Obafemi Awolowo University.3gp
Obafemi Awolowo University.3gp
Published: 2010/09/13
Channel: remmyalex25
Obafemi Awolowo Posthumous Birthday Lecture
Obafemi Awolowo Posthumous Birthday Lecture
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: TVC News Nigeria
Obafemi Awolowo University
Obafemi Awolowo University
Published: 2011/08/19
Channel: Emeka Obianom
Chief Obafemi Awolowo The Political Moses - Adedara
Chief Obafemi Awolowo The Political Moses - Adedara
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: E- Biographer
How "Africa" Was Murdered on OAU Campus by Prof. Wale Omole
How "Africa" Was Murdered on OAU Campus by Prof. Wale Omole's Sponsored Cultists on July 10
Published: 2014/07/14
Channel: SaharaTV
Celebrating 25th anniversary of Chief Obafemi Awolowo
Celebrating 25th anniversary of Chief Obafemi Awolowo
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: Channels Television
CAMPUS HOLY GHOST SERVICE - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, ILE-IFE
CAMPUS HOLY GHOST SERVICE - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, ILE-IFE
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: DOVE TELEVISION
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, IFE POOL
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, IFE POOL
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: vastfacilities
Obafemi Awolowo University Students Protest Against President Jonathan
Obafemi Awolowo University Students Protest Against President Jonathan
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: SaharaTV
Alhaji Chief Kollington Ayinla ‎– Late Chief Obafemi Awolowo (SIDE A)
Alhaji Chief Kollington Ayinla ‎– Late Chief Obafemi Awolowo (SIDE A)
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Chineurs des Origines
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY_MIGHTY HAND OF POWER
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY_MIGHTY HAND OF POWER
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: DOVE TELEVISION
PASTOR E.A ADEBOYE SERMON 2017 CAMPUS HOLYGHOST SERVICE - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY
PASTOR E.A ADEBOYE SERMON 2017 CAMPUS HOLYGHOST SERVICE - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: HGSTube Sermons
REBRANDED:   SHOCKING TRUTH ABOUT STUDENTS WELFARE STATE ON OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY CAMPUS.
REBRANDED: SHOCKING TRUTH ABOUT STUDENTS WELFARE STATE ON OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY CAMPUS.
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: Kagamu Tv
Obafemi Awolowo University in 1 minute
Obafemi Awolowo University in 1 minute
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: Obafemi Awolowo
Azikiwe was a Yoruba man. Awolowo was the leader Igbos needed - Odia Ofeimun on Straight Talk 17c
Azikiwe was a Yoruba man. Awolowo was the leader Igbos needed - Odia Ofeimun on Straight Talk 17c
Published: 2014/07/27
Channel: Reinvent Media
Mayorkun Prostrates To Obafemi Awolowo University Students
Mayorkun Prostrates To Obafemi Awolowo University Students
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: TURN UP THE MUSIC
Lanrewaju Adepoju - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO 1
Lanrewaju Adepoju - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO 1
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: Olanrewaju Adepoju
Olamide performs @ Obafemi awolowo university
Olamide performs @ Obafemi awolowo university
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Tony Gists
RCCG 2017 SPECIAL HOLYGHOST SERVICE TESTIMONIES - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY
RCCG 2017 SPECIAL HOLYGHOST SERVICE TESTIMONIES - OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: HGSTube Testimonies
AAPG Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife
AAPG Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife
Published: 2014/03/24
Channel: Chinenye Abiagom
1. THE 2ND  OBAFEMI AWOLOWO PRIZE FOR LEADERSHIP AWARD WON BY MR THABO MBEKI
1. THE 2ND OBAFEMI AWOLOWO PRIZE FOR LEADERSHIP AWARD WON BY MR THABO MBEKI
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: theBOSofficial
Metrofile: Prominent Nigerians Join Family To Remember Chief Obafemi Awolowo 30 Years After
Metrofile: Prominent Nigerians Join Family To Remember Chief Obafemi Awolowo 30 Years After
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Channels Television
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY Nigeria
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY Nigeria
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Don Carlos
Remembering Obafemi Awolowo: Participants Demand Resource Control, True Federalism
Remembering Obafemi Awolowo: Participants Demand Resource Control, True Federalism
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Channels Television
Drama Act @ Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife; 2010
Drama Act @ Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife; 2010
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: Temitope Olaoluwa
Musical Performance by Kunle Eagle departmnt of dramatic Arts, Obafemi Awolowo UNiversity
Musical Performance by Kunle Eagle departmnt of dramatic Arts, Obafemi Awolowo UNiversity
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: BETHEL TV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Obafemi Awolowo
Awolowo-Obafemi.JPG
Premier of Western Nigeria
In office
1 October 1954 – 1 October 1960
Succeeded by Samuel Akintola
Federal Commissioner for Finance
In office
1967–1971
Preceded by Festus Okotie-Eboh
Succeeded by Shehu Shagari
Personal details
Born (1909-03-06)6 March 1909
Ikenne, Western Region, British Nigeria
(now Ikenne, Ogun, Nigeria)
Died 9 May 1987(1987-05-09) (aged 78)
Ikenne, Ogun State
Political party Unity Party of Nigeria (1978–1983)
Action Group (1950–1966)
Spouse(s) Hannah Idowu Dideolu Awolowo
Relations Yemi Osinbajo (grandson-in-law)
Oludolapo Osinbajo (granddaughter)
Children Segun Awolowo
Tola Oyediran
Oluwole Awolowo
Ayodele Soyode
Tokunbo Awolowo-Dosunmu
Alma mater University of London
Profession Lawyer

Chief Obafemi Jeremiah Oyeniyi Awolowo, GCFR (Yoruba: Ọbáfẹ́mi Awólọ́wọ̀; 6 March 1909 – 9 May 1987), was a Nigerian nationalist and statesman who played a key role in Nigeria's independence movement, the First and Second Republics and the Civil War. He was the first premier of the Western Region and later federal commissioner for finance, and vice chairman of the Federal Executive Council during the Civil War. He was thrice a major contender for his country's highest office.[1] A native of Ikenne in Ogun State of south-western Nigeria, he started his career, like some of his well-known contemporaries, as a nationalist in the Nigerian Youth Movement in which he rose to become Western Provincial Secretary. Awolowo was responsible for much of the progressive social legislation that has made Nigeria a modern nation.[2] He was the first Leader of Government Business and Minister of Local Government and Finance, and first Premier of the Western Region under Nigeria's parliamentary system, from 1952 to 1959. He was the official Leader of the Opposition in the federal parliament to the Balewa government from 1959 to 1963. In recognition of all these, Awolowo was the first individual in the modern era to be named Leader of the Yorubas (Yoruba: Asiwaju Awon Yoruba or Asiwaju Omo Oodua)

Early life[edit]

Obafemi Awolowo was born on 6 March 1909 in Ikenne, in present-day Ogun State of Nigeria.[3] His father was a farmer and sawyer who died when Obafemi was about seven years old. [4] He attended various schools, including Baptist Boys' High School (BBHS), Abeokuta; and then became a teacher in Abeokuta, after which he qualified as a shorthand typist. Subsequently, he served as a clerk at the famous Wesley College Ibadan, as well as a correspondent for the Nigerian Times.[5] It was after this that he embarked on various business ventures to help raise funds to travel to the UK for further studies.

Following his education at Wesley College, Ibadan, in 1927, he enrolled at the University of London as an External Student and graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Commerce (Hons.). He went to the UK in 1944 to study law at the University of London and was called to the Bar by the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple on 19 November 1946.[4][6] In 1949 Awolowo founded the Nigerian Tribune, the oldest surviving private Nigerian newspaper, which he used to spread nationalist consciousness among his fellow Nigerians.[7]

Politics[edit]

Awolowo was Nigeria's foremost federalist. In his Path to Nigerian Freedom (1947) – the first systematic federalist manifesto by a Nigerian politician – he advocated federalism as the only basis for equitable national integration and, as head of the Action Group, he led demands for a federal constitution, which was introduced in the 1954 Lyttleton Constitution, following primarily the model proposed by the Western Region delegation led by him. As premier, he proved to be and was viewed as a man of vision and a dynamic administrator. Awolowo was also the country's leading social democratic politician.[1] He supported limited public ownership and limited central planning in government.[1] He believed that the state should channel Nigeria's resources into education and state-led infrastructural development.[8] Controversially, and at considerable expense, he introduced free primary education for all and free health care for children in the Western Region, established the first television service in Africa in 1959, and the Oduduwa Group, all of which were financed from the highly lucrative cocoa industry which was the mainstay of the regional economy.[9]

Crisis in Western Nigeria[edit]

From the eve of independence, he led the Action Group as the Leader of the Opposition in the federal parliament, leaving Samuel Ladoke Akintola as the Western Region Premier. Serious disagreements between Awolowo and Akintola on how to run the Western region led the latter to an alliance with the Tafawa Balewa-led NPC federal government. A constitutional crisis led to the declaration of a state of emergency in the Western Region, eventually resulting in a widespread breakdown of law and order.

Excluded from national government, Awolowo and his party faced an increasingly precarious position. Akintola's followers, angered at their exclusion from power, formed the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) under Akintola's leadership. Having previously suspended the elected Western Regional Assembly, the federal government then reconstituted the body after manoeuvres that brought Akintola's NNDP into power without an election. Shortly afterwards Awolowo and several disciples were arrested, charged, convicted (of treason),[10] and jailed for conspiring with the Ghanaian authorities under Kwame Nkrumah to overthrow the federal government.[11]

Legacy[edit]

In 1992, the Obafemi Awolowo Foundation was founded as an independent, non-profit, non-partisan organisation committed to furthering the symbiotic interaction of public policy and relevant scholarship with a view to promoting the overall development of the Nigerian nation. The Foundation was launched by the President of Nigeria at that time, General Ibrahim Babangida, at the Liberty Stadium, Ibadan.[12] However, his most important bequests (styled Awoism) are his exemplary integrity, his welfarism, his contributions to hastening the process of decolonisation and his consistent and reasoned advocacy of federalism-based on ethno-linguistic self-determination and uniting politically strong states-as the best basis for Nigerian unity. Awolowo died peacefully at his Ikenne home, the Efunyela Hall (so named after his mother), on 9 May 1987, at the age of 78 and was laid to rest in Ikenne, amid tributes across political and ethno-religious divides.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Path to Nigerian Freedom
  • Awo – Autobiography of Chief Obafemi Awolowo
  • My Early Life
  • Thoughts on the Nigerian Constitution
  • The People’s Republic
  • The Strategy & Tactics of the People's Republic of Nigeria
  • The Problems of Africa – The Need for Ideological Appraisal
  • Awo on the Nigerian Civil War
  • Path to Nigerian Greatness
  • Voice of Reason
  • Voice of Courage
  • Voice of Wisdom
  • Adventures in Power – Book 1 – My March Through Prison
  • Adventures in Power – Book 2 – Travails of Democracy

See also[edit]

Ikenne Residence of Chief Obafemi Awolowo

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c James Booth. Writers and politics in Nigeria. Africana Pub. Co., 1981, p. 52.
  2. ^ Historical dictionary of the British empire, Volume 1
  3. ^ Nigerian Political Parties: Power in an Emergent African Nation, R. L. Sklar (2004), Africa World Press, ISBN 1-59221-209-3
  4. ^ a b Harvey Glickman (1992). Political Leaders of Contemporary Africa South of the Sahara: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313267819. 
  5. ^ "then British owned"
  6. ^ Kevin Shillington (2013). Encyclopedia of African History 3-Volume Set. Routledge. p. 197. ISBN 9781135456696. 
  7. ^ "About Us". Nigerian Tribune. Retrieved 11 May 2011. 
  8. ^ Case For Ideological Orientation, O. Awolowo.
  9. ^ "Obafemi Awolowo: The Man With a Plan"
  10. ^ Siollun, Max. Oil, Politics and Violence: Nigeria's Military Coup Culture (1966-1976). Algora. p. 15. ISBN 9780875867090. 
  11. ^ Adventures in Power Book One: My March through Prison, O. Awolowo Macmillan Nigeria Publishers, 1985.
  12. ^ "The Obafemi Awolowo Foundation". 

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