Play Video
1
9 Week Old Ocelot Kitten Playing - Cincinnati Zoo
9 Week Old Ocelot Kitten Playing - Cincinnati Zoo
::2014/01/06::
Play Video
2
Phish - 7/20/13 "Ocelot" › "Light"
Phish - 7/20/13 "Ocelot" › "Light"
::2013/07/23::
Play Video
3
Engine the Ocelot: Om Nom Nom
Engine the Ocelot: Om Nom Nom
::2009/07/18::
Play Video
4
Metal Gear Solid The Complete Story - Ocelot, the Super Spy
Metal Gear Solid The Complete Story - Ocelot, the Super Spy
::2013/06/03::
Play Video
5
The Ocelot (Minecraft Machinima)
The Ocelot (Minecraft Machinima)
::2014/04/25::
Play Video
6
Ocelot Kitten Learns to Fish
Ocelot Kitten Learns to Fish
::2011/05/11::
Play Video
7
Ocelot Loves Creeper (Minecraft Machinima)
Ocelot Loves Creeper (Minecraft Machinima)
::2013/08/11::
Play Video
8
Ocelot - Tigrillo
Ocelot - Tigrillo
::2009/04/18::
Play Video
9
How to Tame an Ocelot in Minecraft
How to Tame an Ocelot in Minecraft
::2012/05/09::
Play Video
10
OCELOT Species Spotlight - Big Cat TV
OCELOT Species Spotlight - Big Cat TV
::2006/12/26::
Play Video
11
Ocelot - Kehnakeya [HQ]
Ocelot - Kehnakeya [HQ]
::2012/09/24::
Play Video
12
Sweet Pet Ocelot
Sweet Pet Ocelot
::2008/02/15::
Play Video
13
Mob
Mob's Life: Ocelot (Minecraft Machinima)
::2013/09/05::
Play Video
14
Phantom Cat of the Chaparral: Endangered Ocelot
Phantom Cat of the Chaparral: Endangered Ocelot
::2013/04/12::
Play Video
15
Cute Baby Ocelot Kittens
Cute Baby Ocelot Kittens
::2008/10/30::
Play Video
16
Sweetest Pet Ocelot
Sweetest Pet Ocelot
::2010/06/13::
Play Video
17
Ocelot - Kehnakeya
Ocelot - Kehnakeya
::2013/04/12::
Play Video
18
LEGO Ocelot - Minecraft
LEGO Ocelot - Minecraft
::2014/03/18::
Play Video
19
Pet Ocelot in Heat
Pet Ocelot in Heat
::2008/02/16::
Play Video
20
MGS4 - Solid Snake vs. Liquid Ocelot
MGS4 - Solid Snake vs. Liquid Ocelot
::2011/06/05::
Play Video
21
Metal Gear Solid The Twin Snakes - HD cutscenes part 05 - Meeting Ocelot and the Ninja
Metal Gear Solid The Twin Snakes - HD cutscenes part 05 - Meeting Ocelot and the Ninja
::2011/11/14::
Play Video
22
Ocelot Youth ~ Confrontation - Metal Gear Solid 3 OST Extended
Ocelot Youth ~ Confrontation - Metal Gear Solid 3 OST Extended
::2013/03/18::
Play Video
23
MINECRAFT - Em busca de um OCELOT com Venom Extreme (Parte 1)
MINECRAFT - Em busca de um OCELOT com Venom Extreme (Parte 1)
::2012/03/19::
Play Video
24
Minecraft Xbox - Wild Ocelot [115]
Minecraft Xbox - Wild Ocelot [115]
::2013/08/28::
Play Video
25
Minecraft: The Wild Ocelot
Minecraft: The Wild Ocelot
::2012/04/28::
Play Video
26
Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater - Enter Ocelot
Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater - Enter Ocelot
::2006/07/15::
Play Video
27
MINECRAFT - OCELOT de ESTIMAÇÃO com Venom Extreme (Parte 2)
MINECRAFT - OCELOT de ESTIMAÇÃO com Venom Extreme (Parte 2)
::2012/03/20::
Play Video
28
Ocelot (Leopardus Pardalis)
Ocelot (Leopardus Pardalis)
::2010/07/24::
Play Video
29
Stampylonghead 257 Minecraft Xbox - Wild Ocelot [257] stampylongnose 257
Stampylonghead 257 Minecraft Xbox - Wild Ocelot [257] stampylongnose 257
::2014/12/17::
Play Video
30
Minecraft Arena Battle Creeper vs. Ocelot
Minecraft Arena Battle Creeper vs. Ocelot
::2013/08/13::
Play Video
31
Metal Gear Solid 4 Solid Snake vs. Liquid Ocelot HD
Metal Gear Solid 4 Solid Snake vs. Liquid Ocelot HD
::2011/10/08::
Play Video
32
MGSV analysis: Skull Face is Ocelot (Theory)
MGSV analysis: Skull Face is Ocelot (Theory)
::2014/04/01::
Play Video
33
Minecraft PS3: How To Tame An Ocelot
Minecraft PS3: How To Tame An Ocelot
::2013/12/18::
Play Video
34
Ocelot and I
Ocelot and I
::2012/01/22::
Play Video
35
Minecraft PS3 - How to Tame Ocelots (Cats) (Tame an Ocelot in Minecraft PS4 & PS3)
Minecraft PS3 - How to Tame Ocelots (Cats) (Tame an Ocelot in Minecraft PS4 & PS3)
::2013/12/19::
Play Video
36
RAINFOREST PYRAMID UPDATE: Cooper the ocelot
RAINFOREST PYRAMID UPDATE: Cooper the ocelot
::2010/11/08::
Play Video
37
Metal Gear Solid 3 Ocelot Theme (Boss Battle)
Metal Gear Solid 3 Ocelot Theme (Boss Battle)
::2012/06/07::
Play Video
38
MGS4 - Solid Snake vs liquid Ocelot
MGS4 - Solid Snake vs liquid Ocelot
::2008/06/14::
Play Video
39
Minecraft : Comment Apprivoiser un Ocelot
Minecraft : Comment Apprivoiser un Ocelot
::2012/12/22::
Play Video
40
Minecraft Supercraft Bros 25 - OCELOT!!
Minecraft Supercraft Bros 25 - OCELOT!!
::2013/06/20::
Play Video
41
Liquid Ocelot: The System Is Mine (Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. MGS4 Scene)
Liquid Ocelot: The System Is Mine (Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots. MGS4 Scene)
::2011/03/20::
Play Video
42
Minecraft Playstation - How To Tame an Ocelot
Minecraft Playstation - How To Tame an Ocelot
::2013/12/30::
Play Video
43
Phish - Ocelot - Studio Version
Phish - Ocelot - Studio Version
::2009/09/02::
Play Video
44
How To Tame An Ocelot In Minecraft XBOX 360 || TU12 ||
How To Tame An Ocelot In Minecraft XBOX 360 || TU12 ||
::2013/08/25::
Play Video
45
Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater - OCELOT
Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater - OCELOT'S FIRST REVOLVER
::2006/03/30::
Play Video
46
Old Snake VS Liquid Ocelot Cutscene
Old Snake VS Liquid Ocelot Cutscene
::2009/01/17::
Play Video
47
GTA5 ONLINE: Where To Find Ocelot F620 | GrubbierRook99
GTA5 ONLINE: Where To Find Ocelot F620 | GrubbierRook99
::2014/01/14::
Play Video
48
GTA V: Ocelot F620 (Maserati) | Car Showcase #17
GTA V: Ocelot F620 (Maserati) | Car Showcase #17
::2013/09/25::
Play Video
49
Foxing - Ocelot
Foxing - Ocelot
::2013/02/27::
Play Video
50
Hiatus Kaiyote - Ocelot
Hiatus Kaiyote - Ocelot
::2013/08/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Ocelot (disambiguation).
Ocelot[1]
Ocelot.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Leopardus
Species: L. pardalis
Binomial name
Leopardus pardalis
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Ocelot area.png
Ocelot range

The ocelot (/ˈɒsəlɒt/; Leopardus pardalis), also known as the dwarf leopard, is a wild cat distributed extensively over South America including the islands of Trinidad and Margarita, Central America, and Mexico. It has been reported as far north as Texas.[1][3] North of Mexico, it is found regularly only in the extreme southern part of Texas,[4] although there are rare sightings in southern Arizona.[5]

The ocelot is similar in appearance to a domestic cat. Its fur resembles that of a clouded leopard or jaguar and was once regarded as particularly valuable. As a result, hundreds of thousands of ocelots were once killed for their fur. The feline was classified a "vulnerable" endangered species from 1972 until 1996, and is now rated "least concern" by the 2008 IUCN Red List.

Etymology

The name ocelot comes from the Nahuatl word ōcēlōtl (pronounced /oːˈseːloːt͡ɬ/), which usually refers to the jaguar (Panthera onca) rather than the ocelot.[6][7][8]

Taxonomy

The ocelot's genus Leopardus consists of nine species similar to the ocelot, such as Geoffroy's cat and the margay, which are also endemic to South and Central America. All of the cats in Leopardus are spotted, lithe, and small, with the ocelot being the biggest.

Subspecies

The following are the currently recognized subspecies of ocelot:[1]

Certain ocelot subspecies are officially endangered, although the species as a whole is not.[citation needed]

Physical characteristics

Profile.

The ocelot ranges from 68 to 100 centimetres (27 to 39 in) in length, plus 26 to 45 centimeters (10 to 18 in) in tail length, and typically weighs 8 to 18 kilograms (18 to 40 lb), although much larger individuals have occasionally been recorded,[9][10][11] making it the largest of the generally dainty Leopardus wild cat genus. It has sleek, smooth fur, rounded ears and relatively large front paws. While similar in appearance to the oncilla and margay, which inhabit the same region, the ocelot is larger.

The coat pattern of ocelots can vary, being anything from cream to reddish-brown in color, or sometimes grayish, and marked with black rosettes. In many individuals, some of the spots, especially on the back, blend together to form irregular curved stripes or bands. The fur is short, and paler than the rest of the coat beneath. There are also single white spots, called ocelli, on the backs of the ears. Two black stripes line both sides of the face, and the long tail is banded by black.

Behavior

The ocelot is mostly nocturnal and very territorial. It will fight fiercely, sometimes to the death, in territorial disputes. In addition, the cat marks its territory with urine. Like most felines, it is solitary, usually meeting only to mate. However, during the day it rests in trees or other dense foliage, and will occasionally share its spot with another ocelot of the same sex. Males occupy territories of 3.5 to 46 square kilometers (1.4 to 17.8 sq mi), while females occupy smaller, non-overlapping territories of 0.8 to 15 square kilometers (0.31 to 5.79 sq mi). Territories are marked by urine spraying and by leaving feces in prominent locations, sometimes favoring particular latrine sites.[10]

Ocelots hunt over a range of 18 km2 (6.9 sq mi), taking mostly small animals, including mammals, lizards, turtles, and frogs, crabs, birds, and fish.[12] Almost all of the prey that the ocelot hunts is far smaller than itself, with rodents, rabbits, and opossums forming the largest part of the diet.[10] Studies suggest that it follows and finds prey via odor trails, but the ocelot also has very good vision, including night vision.

Reproduction and life cycle

Ocelot in Bolivia

Ocelots typically breed only once every other year, although the female may mate again shortly after losing a litter. Mating can occur at any time of year, and estrus lasts from seven to ten days. After mating, the female will find a den in a cave in a rocky bluff, a hollow tree, or a dense (preferably thorny) thicket. Gestation lasts 79 to 82 days, and usually results in the birth of only a single kitten, with its eyes closed and a thin covering of hair. Litters of two or three kittens also occur, but are less common. The small litter size and relative infrequency of breeding make the ocelot particularly vulnerable to population loss.[10]

Compared with other small cats, ocelot kittens grow quite slowly. They weigh around 250 grams (8.8 oz) at birth, and do not open their eyes for 15 to 18 days. They begin to leave the den at three months, but remain with their mother for up to two years, before dispersing to establish their own territory. Ocelots live for up to 20 years in captivity.[10]

Distribution and habitat

The ocelot is distributed extensively over South America (including the islands of Margarita and Trinidad), Central America, and Mexico with a small population in southern Texas.[1][3][13][14] Countries in this range are: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States and Venezuela. The cat is likely extinct in Uruguay.[2]

Moche Ocelot. 200 A.D. Larco Museum Collection Lima, Peru

The ocelot once inhabited chaparral thickets of the Gulf Coast of south and eastern Texas, and could be found in Arizona, Louisiana, and Arkansas.[15] In the United States, it now ranges only in several small areas of dense thicket in South Texas and is rarely sighted in Arizona. On November 7, 2009, an ocelot was photographed in the mountains of Cochise County, Arizona. This was the first such verifiable evidence of the feline's presence in the state.[16] In February 2011, the Arizona Game and Fish Department confirmed the sighting of another ocelot in the Huachuca Mountains of southern Arizona.[17]

The remnant U.S. ocelot population in south Texas has declined from 80-120 individuals in 1995 to less than 50 in recent years, with about half of ocelot deaths resulting from automobile accidents.[18][19] Most surviving Texas ocelots are in the shrublands remaining at or near the Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge near Brownsville, where only 30-35 animals remain.[20]

In Trinidad, habitat fragmentation, as well as direct exploitation via illegal poaching are major threats to the survival of the remnant populations of ocelots on the island. No empirical studies have been conducted to reliably estimate population status on the island. Historical records indicate that the species once existed on the island of Tobago, but it has long been extirpated there.[citation needed]

Ocelots only inhabit areas with relatively dense vegetation cover, although they may occasionally hunt in more open areas at night. They are found in tropical forest, thorn forest, mangrove swamps and savanna, at elevations ranging up to 1,200 meters (3,900 ft).[10]

As pets

Salvador Dalí and Babou the ocelot

Like many wild cats, ocelots are occasionally kept as pets. Salvador Dalí frequently traveled with his pet ocelot Babou,[21] even bringing it aboard the luxury ocean liner SS France.[22]

Musician Gram Parsons kept an ocelot as a pet in the back yard swimming pool area of his family's Winter Haven, Florida, home, during his teens, in the mid-1960s.[23]

The Moche people of ancient Peru worshipped animals and often depicted the ocelot in their art.[24]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 538. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b Caso, A., Lopez-Gonzalez, C., Payan, E., Eizirik, E., de Oliveira, T., Leite-Pitman, R., Kelly, M. & Valderrama, C. (2008). Leopardus pardalis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  3. ^ a b Ocelot. The Animal Files. Retrieved on 2012-04-10.
  4. ^ "The Nature Conservancy in Texas – Mammals – Ocelot". nature.org. 
  5. ^ "North American Mammals – Carnivora – Felidae – Leopardus pardalis". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2010-02-23. 
  6. ^ "ocelot, n.". Oxford English Dictionary. 2004. 
  7. ^ Karttunen, Frances (1983). An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl. Austin: University of Texas Press. p. 176. 
  8. ^ Lockhart, James (2001). Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. p. 228. 
  9. ^ Burnie, David; Don E. Wilson (2001). Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. New York City: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7894-7764-5. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Sunquist, Mel; Sunquist, Fiona (2002). Wild cats of the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 120–129. ISBN 0-226-77999-8. 
  11. ^ Moreno, R. S.; Kays, Roland W.; Samudio, Rafael (2006). "Competitive release in diets of ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) and puma (Puma concolor) after jaguar (Panthera onca) decline". Journal of Mammalogy 87 (4): 808–816. doi:10.1644/05-MAMM-A-360R2.1. 
  12. ^ Briggs, Mike; Peggy Briggs (2006). The Encyclopedia of World Wildlife. Parragon Books. ISBN 978-1-4054-3679-3. 
  13. ^ Trinidad. Paria Springs. Retrieved on 2011-09-15.
  14. ^ "News Release, March 2014 - Laguna Atascosa - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". Fws.gov. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 
  15. ^ Mammals: Ocelot The San Diego Zoo
  16. ^ "Rare ocelot photographed in southern Arizona". Associated Press. 17 April 2010. 
  17. ^ "Rare ocelot observed in southern Arizona". Arizona Game and Fish Department. 9 February 2011. 
  18. ^ Ocelot (Report). Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/publications/pwdpubs/media/pwd_bk_w7000_0013_ocelot.pdf.
  19. ^ Steve Sinclair (2013-10-10). "Current Sightings: Plight of the ocelot: Endangered cat’s future uncertain". The Coastal Current. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  20. ^ "Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  21. ^ Dali with Capitain Moore and Ocelot – Vintage photo. Ecademy.com. Retrieved on 2011-09-15.
  22. ^ Huggler, Justin. "Chic ship too toxic for scrapping". ssMaritime.com. Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. 
  23. ^ "Return of the grievous angel: New bio of Gram Parsons offers tragic insights". Austin American Statesman. Retrieved 2009-11-02. [dead link]
  24. ^ Museo Arqueologico Rafael Larco Herrera (1997). Katherine Berrin, ed. The Spirit of Ancient Peru: Treasures from the Museo Arqueologico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York City: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-01802-6. 

External links

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014