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IMAGINI DIN JOCUL DE OINA
IMAGINI DIN JOCUL DE OINA
Published: 2010/11/10
Channel: Anghel Vasile Dragos
Road Less Traveled: Oină
Road Less Traveled: Oină
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Outside TV
Prezentarea jocului de Oina
Prezentarea jocului de Oina
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: asociatiaoina
Cupa Satelor la oină - Negrilești 2017
Cupa Satelor la oină - Negrilești 2017
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: Timp Online
Sadriddin - Rashki Oina New Tajik Song HD 2012
Sadriddin - Rashki Oina New Tajik Song HD 2012
Published: 2012/04/29
Channel: TAJIKSITE.COM
Cel mai în vârstă jucător de oină
Cel mai în vârstă jucător de oină
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Observator TV
Cupa Satelor la oină, Negrilești 2017
Cupa Satelor la oină, Negrilești 2017
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: sportulbistritean
OiNA 2017 - SlickSleuth Demonstration
OiNA 2017 - SlickSleuth Demonstration
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: Delmar Systems
Oina la tabăra Romanița Călărași
Oina la tabăra Romanița Călărași
Published: 2015/08/17
Channel: vasile ghencea
Etapa națională a Olimpiadei Gimnaziilor la Oină.
Etapa națională a Olimpiadei Gimnaziilor la Oină.
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: ConyTV Barlad
Memorialul ”Gheorghe Florea” la oină
Memorialul ”Gheorghe Florea” la oină
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Timp Online
Oina - Game Presentation (English)
Oina - Game Presentation (English)
Published: 2012/11/19
Channel: Anghel Vasile Dragos
Part1 Oina Secvente-Sequences (OINA - jocul care ne uneste!)
Part1 Oina Secvente-Sequences (OINA - jocul care ne uneste!)
Published: 2007/07/17
Channel: BogdanIonescu88
UNDE-I OINĂ E ŞI HORĂ!
UNDE-I OINĂ E ŞI HORĂ!
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Tele 1 Bacau
Meci de OINĂ Bârlad Nisporeni
Meci de OINĂ Bârlad Nisporeni
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: vasile ghencea
Cupa Regelui la Oină 2015
Cupa Regelui la Oină 2015
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: CasaRegalaaRomaniei
Tezaur - Jocul Tradiţional OINA la Moldova 1
Tezaur - Jocul Tradiţional OINA la Moldova 1
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: Covalenco S
Oină pe Plajă la Moldova 1
Oină pe Plajă la Moldova 1
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: Covalenco S
45 de ani de oină, la Constanța - Litoral TV
45 de ani de oină, la Constanța - Litoral TV
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Litoral TV
Romania Explicata - Jocul de oina - ep. 10
Romania Explicata - Jocul de oina - ep. 10
Published: 2014/06/01
Channel: Romania Explicata
JOC DE OINĂ MEMORIAL
JOC DE OINĂ MEMORIAL
Published: 2014/09/20
Channel: TVR Craiova
AVÂNTUL HIDA ȘI SPERANȚA DRAGU PĂSTREAZĂ TRADIȚIA JOCULUI DE OINĂ
AVÂNTUL HIDA ȘI SPERANȚA DRAGU PĂSTREAZĂ TRADIȚIA JOCULUI DE OINĂ
Published: 2014/07/30
Channel: Stiri SalajeanulTV
FETELE DE LA MIOVENI, TARI LA OINA
FETELE DE LA MIOVENI, TARI LA OINA
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: STIRILE MDITV
TVR la Cupa Regelui la Oină
TVR la Cupa Regelui la Oină
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: PERFECT HOME MEDIA
Meci de oina 2006 - partea I
Meci de oina 2006 - partea I
Published: 2011/03/29
Channel: asociatiaoina
Seminar Joc de Oină, USEFS , Moldova FRO
Seminar Joc de Oină, USEFS , Moldova FRO
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: vasile ghencea
Oina, sportul național al românilor - Film documentar
Oina, sportul național al românilor - Film documentar
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Student Plus Timisoara
ECHIPA DIN DRAGU S A CALIFICAT ÎN FINALĂ, LA OINĂ
ECHIPA DIN DRAGU S A CALIFICAT ÎN FINALĂ, LA OINĂ
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: Stiri SalajeanulTV
Imnul Jucatorilor de Oina
Imnul Jucatorilor de Oina
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: Tezaur Studio
Aroiba Oina - Official Music Video Release 2017
Aroiba Oina - Official Music Video Release 2017
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: MAMI TAIBANG
Un nou Sport în județul Mehedinți ! Federația Română de Oină ...
Un nou Sport în județul Mehedinți ! Federația Română de Oină ...
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: Impact de Mehedinti
La 8 ani este Campion National la aruncarea mingii de oina. Smeeni 4.04.2014
La 8 ani este Campion National la aruncarea mingii de oina. Smeeni 4.04.2014
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: Smeeni WEB TV
Seminar Oină.USEFS
Seminar Oină.USEFS
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: vasile ghencea
Interviu Cristian Văduva, antrenor oină
Interviu Cristian Văduva, antrenor oină
Published: 2017/05/10
Channel: Lelia Mitroi
Lectie de bataie la oina - Padina Fest 2010
Lectie de bataie la oina - Padina Fest 2010
Published: 2010/09/09
Channel: asociatiaoina
DUMINICĂ ÎNCEPE CUPA DRAGOȘ VODĂ LA OINĂ
DUMINICĂ ÎNCEPE CUPA DRAGOȘ VODĂ LA OINĂ
Published: 2014/04/25
Channel: Stiri SalajeanulTV
Davia Mioveni 2012 - campioana la oină
Davia Mioveni 2012 - campioana la oină
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Marian Cărăvan
Ciobanul jucător de oină ne cheamă să românizăm baseball-ul!
Ciobanul jucător de oină ne cheamă să românizăm baseball-ul!
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: Rom Autentic
Campionatul de Oină al M.A.I, deschis - Litoral TV
Campionatul de Oină al M.A.I, deschis - Litoral TV
Published: 2014/07/15
Channel: Litoral TV
Jocul de Oină la Coșnița cu artistul Viorel Burlacu
Jocul de Oină la Coșnița cu artistul Viorel Burlacu
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: Covalenco S
Federațiile Române de Rugby și Oină, înalt patronaj regal
Federațiile Române de Rugby și Oină, înalt patronaj regal
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: CasaRegalaaRomaniei
Campionat Oină
Campionat Oină
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Covalenco S
Oina, sportul național al românilor - Partea 9 Scriitorii români, pasionaţi de oină
Oina, sportul național al românilor - Partea 9 Scriitorii români, pasionaţi de oină
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Student Plus Timisoara
Trofeul primului Campionat de Oină al Ministerului Afacerilor Interne... - Litoral TV
Trofeul primului Campionat de Oină al Ministerului Afacerilor Interne... - Litoral TV
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: Litoral TV
Despre Oină la Bună Dimineața - Moldova 1
Despre Oină la Bună Dimineața - Moldova 1
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: Covalenco S
OINA - UNICUL SPORT ROMANESC
OINA - UNICUL SPORT ROMANESC
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Federatia Romana de Oina
Rezultate bune la oină
Rezultate bune la oină
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: Televiziunea Intermedia
ÎN LUNA MAI ÎNCEP COMPTETIȚIILE DE OINĂ DE LA DRAGU
ÎN LUNA MAI ÎNCEP COMPTETIȚIILE DE OINĂ DE LA DRAGU
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: Stiri SalajeanulTV
OINA curcani
OINA curcani
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: radio tv oltenita
OINA RAMANE UN SPORT CU TRADITIE IN ROMANIA
OINA RAMANE UN SPORT CU TRADITIE IN ROMANIA
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Stiri SalajeanulTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Oină
TimbruOina.png
Highest governing body Romanian Oină Federation
First played 1370 (first documented)
1899 (modern rules)
Characteristics
Contact Yes, players are hit with the ball, but no body contact
Team members 11 per side
Type Outdoor
Equipment Oină ball
Venue Oină pitch
Presence
Olympic No

Oină (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈoj.nə]) is a Romanian traditional sport, similar in many ways to baseball and lapta.

History[edit]

The name "oină" is derived from the Cuman word oyn "game" (a cognate of Turkish oyun).[1] Oină was first mentioned during the rule of Vlaicu Vodă in 1364, when it spread all across Wallachia.

In 1899, Spiru Haret, the minister of education decided that oină was to be played in schools in physical education classes. He organized the first annual oină competitions.

The Romanian Oină Federation ("Federaţia Română de Oină") was founded in 1932, and was reactivated at the beginning of the 1950s, after a brief period when it was dissolved.

Today, there are two oină federations: one in Bucharest, Romania and another one in Chişinău, Moldova.

Pitch[edit]

Oină pitch animation

The pitch is a rectangle, 70m long by 32m wide divided into:

  • the in game ("în joc") area, which is 60x32m
  • the batting zone ("zona de bătaie") - 5m long - delimited from the in game area by the batting line
  • the back zone ("zona de fund") - a 5m long safe zone during a run - delimited from the in game area by the back line

The attacking side player that has commenced a run will have to cross the following four lines in order:

  • the start line (the left side of the batting line)
  • the arrival line (the left side of the back line)
  • the return line (the right side of the back line)
  • the escape line (the right side of the batting line)

The in game area is further split into the advance and return triangles and squares. At the intersection of the lines inside the game area and the pitch limits or other lines within the game area, there are circles which determine the positions of the midfielders ("mijlocaşi") and side players ("mărginaşi"). The 1m and 3m semicircles are used for batting and serving. A waiting line is drawn for attacking players to wait their turn to bat.

Players[edit]

There are two teams of 11 players, one attacking side or "at bat" ("la bătaie") and one defending side or "at catch" ("la prindere"). The roles switch at half time.

The defending players are placed in the following positions:

  • 3 midfielders ("mijlocaşi")
  • 3 advance side players ("mărginaşi de ducere")
  • 3 return side players ("mărginaşi de întoarcere")
  • 1 back player ("fundaş") that is free to move within the back zone
  • 1 forward player ("fruntaş") that is free to move within the batting zone

The attacking players change roles as the game progresses. The roles are chronologically ordered this way:

  • waiting one's turn
  • serving the ball
  • batting
  • waiting to enter the game (make a run)
  • running the advance corridor
  • staying in the back zone
  • running the return corridor

Each team has a captain ("căpitan" or "baci""). The midfielder 2 is usually used as captain because he can throw the ball at an attacking player in any in game position. For this reason, the midfielder 2 is also known as a baci.

Each team has a maximum of 5 substitutes available.

Scope of the game[edit]

The teams have very different roles depending on whether they are at bat or at catch. At bat players are tasked to open a play and run the lanes until they cross the escape line. At catch players are tasked to hit the players running the lanes with the ball. There can be a maximum of 2 players running each lane at the same time. A player can be hit in both lanes once.

Rules[edit]

The team at bat is selected by a ritual where the players have to grab the bat, thrown by the referee, and the last one to be able to place at least 4 fingers on the bat wins. The game begins with the team at bat, with one of the players throwing the ball while another player of the same team has to hit it with a wooden bat ("bâtă") and send it as far as he can towards the adversary field. After that, if the ball is caught by the adversaries, the player can run (if he wishes, or if he is forced to run by the referee) the advance and return corridors/lanes ("culoarele de ducere şi întoarcere"), without being hit by the defenders. If he stops the ball with his palm, it is not considered a hit. The player is not allowed to catch the ball, and he must release it immediately. If the player doing a run is hit he goes out of field and into the back zone, or he finishes his tasks, depending on which lane he is running.

The full set of regulations can be found here [1] and here [2].

Scoring[edit]

In game[edit]

At catch players score 2 points for each player hit with a ball, unless the ball touches the palm or the back of the palm.

At bat players score by batting beyond certain lines, like so:

  • the ball crosses the 65m line in the air and doesn't go out of bounds (doesn't cross the lateral lines), whether or not the defense touches the ball in the air - 2 points
  • the ball falls in the back zone - 2 points
  • the ball is touched in the air by the defense, and goes out of bounds in the air from within the back zone - 2 points
  • the ball goes out of bounds in the air from within the back zone without being touched by the defense - 1 point
  • the ball crosses the 60m line (the back line) in the air and is caught by the defense - 1 point
  • the ball crosses the threequarters line in the air and falls in the threequarters area - 1 point
  • the ball goes out of bounds in the air from within the threequarters area - 1 point
  • the ball is diverted out of bounds in the air from within the threequartees area by the defense - 1 point
  • the ball falls on the threequarters area of the back line - 1 point
  • the ball is diverted from within the threequarters area in front of the threequarters line by the defense and is not subsequently caught in the air - 1 point

Competition[edit]

Winning brings the team 3 points, a draw brings in 2 points, and the losing team will score 1 point. Quitting or elimination of the team will result in no points being awarded and a 0-9 loss. Running out of substitutes due to injuries will result in a 0-6 loss and 1 point being awarded, while if the same situation is due to the elimination of a player, the result will be a 0-9 loss and no points being awarded.

Ball[edit]

A spherical ball made of leather, filled with horse, pig, or bovine hair is used in oină. The ball is around 8 cm in diameter and 140 grams in senior games and around 7 cm in diameter and 100 grams in U-18 games.

Comparison with baseball[edit]

  • Similar weight of the ball: around 140 grams for both
  • Longer and slimmer bat for oină
  • A game takes only 30 minutes for oină
  • Oină teams have 11 players; Baseball teams have 9 players
  • In oină, the defense can score by hitting the attacking players that are in game (running the lanes)

Competitions in Romania[edit]

All competitions are organized by the governing body, the Romanian Oină Federation ("Federaţia Română de Oină" - FRO).

The main competitions are:

  • The National Championship
  • The Romanian Cup
  • The Romanian Supercup
  • The National Junior Championship

Other competitions in 2010[2] are:

  • "Dragu" Cup
  • "Gherăieşti" Cup
  • "Antena Satelor" National Championship (junior)
  • Federation Cup
  • Border Police Cup
  • "Monteoru" Cup
  • "Cleopatra" Cup (beach oină)
  • "Zarandului" Cup
  • "Tătaru" Cup
  • Village Cup
  • "Antena Satelor" Cup
  • various other junior and indoor oină competitions

A number of international events are organized:

  • "Cronos" Cup (junior)
  • International Festival of Sports Related to Oină
  • Oină-Lapta Tournament

Internationalizing Oină[edit]

Oină and variants of the sport are also played in neighboring countries where there has been or still is a Romanian ethnic or cultural presence. As part of its program to bring oină to the spotlight again, the FRO has begun the process of creating an international federation.[3] A minimum of 3 national federations need to exist in order to form an international federation, and 2 exist already (the Romanian and Moldovan federations). The FRO has begun talks of founding oină clubs and federations in neighboring Bulgaria and Serbia,[4] and in Sweden.[5] Demonstration matches are to be held in Serbia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Romanian[edit]

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