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Top Tourist Attractions in Springfield: Travel Guide State Illinois
Top Tourist Attractions in Springfield: Travel Guide State Illinois
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: UltramodernHome
Illinois Adventure #1406 "Old State Capitol"
Illinois Adventure #1406 "Old State Capitol"
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: WTVP
Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln's Journey Home: Springfield, Illinois
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: Lincoln Home National Historic Site
C-SPAN Cities Tour - Jackson: Mississippi
C-SPAN Cities Tour - Jackson: Mississippi's Old State Capitol
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: C-SPAN
The Old State Capitol of Springfield, Illinois
The Old State Capitol of Springfield, Illinois
Published: 2009/08/05
Channel: theISHS1
Lincoln at the Old State Capitol
Lincoln at the Old State Capitol
Published: 2012/04/27
Channel: HistoricSitesIHPA
Illinois Adventure #1705 "Lincoln
Illinois Adventure #1705 "Lincoln's New Salem State Historic Site"
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: WTVP
Old State Capitol Stephen Douglas Statue
Old State Capitol Stephen Douglas Statue
Published: 2009/03/14
Channel: congal42
Historic State Capitol Raleigh NC
Historic State Capitol Raleigh NC
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: Shiran De Silva
Louisiana
Louisiana's Old State Capitol
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: jdthedjyt
HISTORICAL PLACES OF LOUISIANA STATE,U S A  IN GOOGLE EARTH
HISTORICAL PLACES OF LOUISIANA STATE,U S A IN GOOGLE EARTH
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: JAASISTERS
Illinois Adventure #1503 "Illinois
Illinois Adventure #1503 "Illinois' Oldest Statehouse in Vandalia"
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: WTVP
Old Sacramento, Railroad Museum, & CA State Capitol ~ 2009
Old Sacramento, Railroad Museum, & CA State Capitol ~ 2009
Published: 2009/07/11
Channel: jjhendo
C-SPAN Cities Tour - Raleigh: History of the North Carolina State Capitol
C-SPAN Cities Tour - Raleigh: History of the North Carolina State Capitol
Published: 2013/06/13
Channel: C-SPAN
Illinois Stories | Gardens of Dana Thomas House and Old State Capitol | WSEC-TV/PBS Springfield
Illinois Stories | Gardens of Dana Thomas House and Old State Capitol | WSEC-TV/PBS Springfield
Published: 2014/07/24
Channel: Network Knowledge
Down Town Nite Ride
Down Town Nite Ride
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: Eco-Trans Gas powered Bikes
Illinois State Capitol Tour in Springfield (HD)
Illinois State Capitol Tour in Springfield (HD)
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: TravelTouristVideos
State Capitol Tour | Tennessee Crossroads
State Capitol Tour | Tennessee Crossroads
Published: 2012/05/22
Channel: Tennessee Crossroads
Illinois Adventure #1701 "Lewis and Clark State Historic Site"
Illinois Adventure #1701 "Lewis and Clark State Historic Site"
Published: 2013/08/22
Channel: WTVP
Dana Thomas House State Historic Site
Dana Thomas House State Historic Site
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: HistoricSitesIHPA
Capitol Park Tour
Capitol Park Tour
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: Michael D. Jackson
Film of the original North Dakota State Capitol burning on December 28, 1930
Film of the original North Dakota State Capitol burning on December 28, 1930
Published: 2017/12/28
Channel: State Historical Society of North Dakota
C-SPAN Cities Tour - Albany: New York State Capitol Building Tour
C-SPAN Cities Tour - Albany: New York State Capitol Building Tour
Published: 2012/12/10
Channel: C-SPAN
Visiting the California State Capitol
Visiting the California State Capitol
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: Historical Geocaching
California State Capitol Tour & Museum -  Sacramento Capitol Building
California State Capitol Tour & Museum - Sacramento Capitol Building
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: Caliwego
Illinois Adventure #1608 "Pierre Menard Home State Historic Site"
Illinois Adventure #1608 "Pierre Menard Home State Historic Site"
Published: 2013/08/23
Channel: WTVP
State Capitol Park - Sacramento
State Capitol Park - Sacramento
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Heather Lucio
Old State Capitol Plaza, Springfield Illinois
Old State Capitol Plaza, Springfield Illinois
Published: 2008/07/08
Channel: chattykathy66
When Was The Louisiana State Capitol Building Built?
When Was The Louisiana State Capitol Building Built?
Published: 2017/12/18
Channel: Vance Medlen Tipz
Abraham Lincolns Home in Springfield, IL - National Historic Site
Abraham Lincolns Home in Springfield, IL - National Historic Site
Published: 2010/09/02
Channel: travelshorts
Macey Tours the Kansas Capitol
Macey Tours the Kansas Capitol
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: Kansas Tourism
Former Governors
Former Governors' Mansion State Historic Site
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: State Historical Society of North Dakota
HONOLULU, HAWAII, a full tour of the spectacular State Capitol building
HONOLULU, HAWAII, a full tour of the spectacular State Capitol building
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
Minnesota State Capitol Field Trip
Minnesota State Capitol Field Trip
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: minnesotahistory
Richmond Virginia, USA - State Capitol HD Video Tour
Richmond Virginia, USA - State Capitol HD Video Tour
Published: 2012/08/18
Channel: toande77
Do You Know - First Missouri State Capitol
Do You Know - First Missouri State Capitol
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Discover St. Charles
Connecticut
Connecticut's State Capitol: Home to History | Hosted by State Senator John A. Kissel
Published: 2011/03/02
Channel: CTSenateRepublicans
Sold House, Bought RV, Capitol State Park in Washington | Solo Woman RVer
Sold House, Bought RV, Capitol State Park in Washington | Solo Woman RVer
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Story Chasing
Old State Capitol marks 175 years
Old State Capitol marks 175 years
Published: 2014/01/08
Channel: 16 WAPT News Jackson
California State Capitol
California State Capitol
Published: 2008/08/05
Channel: Saxbarefoot
Arkansas State Capitol Video Tour
Arkansas State Capitol Video Tour
Published: 2008/08/29
Channel: ARSOSCharlieDaniels
Visiting the State Capitol of Mexico: MUNCHIES Guide to Mexico (Part 2)
Visiting the State Capitol of Mexico: MUNCHIES Guide to Mexico (Part 2)
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Munchies
Springfield, IL - State Capitol
Springfield, IL - State Capitol
Published: 2012/05/08
Channel: scott022565
California State Capitol and into station
California State Capitol and into station
Published: 2008/08/06
Channel: Saxbarefoot
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Anniversary Program Series 4 Klein Lucas June 26 2014 for web
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Anniversary Program Series 4 Klein Lucas June 26 2014 for web
Published: 2014/11/19
Channel: LookingForLincoln HeritageCoalition
The Campbell Family Eclipse Vacation, Part 1, Springfield, IL
The Campbell Family Eclipse Vacation, Part 1, Springfield, IL
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: James Campbell
Arizona State Capitol
Arizona State Capitol
Published: 2010/07/27
Channel: v12jaguarxj12
Getting to know your Hawaii State Capitol
Getting to know your Hawaii State Capitol
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: HawaiiPublicAccessRm
Connecticut
Connecticut's State Capitol: Home to History | Hosted by State Senator Kevin Witkos
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: CTSenateRepublicans
Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, IL with Road Trip Story
Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, IL with Road Trip Story
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: roadtripstory
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Illinois State Capitol
Etc 450.jpg
The Old State Capitol building in Springfield, Illinois.
Old State Capitol State Historic Site is located in Illinois
Old State Capitol State Historic Site
Old State Capitol State Historic Site is located in the US
Old State Capitol State Historic Site
Location Springfield, Illinois
Built 1837
Architect John Francis Rague
Architectural style Greek Revival
NRHP reference # 66000331[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL July 4, 1961

The Old State Capitol State Historic Site, in Springfield, Illinois, is the fifth capitol building built for the U.S. state of Illinois. It was built in the Greek Revival style in 1837–1840, and served as the state house from 1840 to 1876.[2] It is the site of candidacy announcements by Abraham Lincoln in 1858 and Barack Obama in 2007. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961, primarily for its association with Lincoln and his political rival Stephen Douglas.[3]

State House[edit]

First floor interior and staircase of Old State Capitol.
Illinois House of Representatives chamber on second floor.

From 1820 through 1837, the political capital of the young state of Illinois was the small village of Vandalia, Illinois in the south center of the state. On the National Road, Vandalia was initially well-situated to fulfill its governmental role. As northern Illinois opened to settlement in the 1830s, however, public pressure grew for the capital to be relocated to a location closer to the geographic center of the state.[4]

A caucus of nine Illinois lawmakers, including the young Whig Party lawyer Abraham Lincoln, led the effort to have the capital moved to the Sangamon County village of Springfield. Their efforts were successful in 1837, when the Illinois General Assembly passed a law creating a two-year transition period with the goal of moving the capital to Springfield in 1839.[4]

Workers built a state office building, large for the time, on the central square in Springfield in 1837–40. The cost was $240,000, of which the city of Springfield paid $50,000. The structure, designed by local architect John Francis Rague and constructed of locally quarried yellow Sugar Creek limestone, contained chambers for both houses of the General Assembly, offices for the Governor of Illinois and other executive officials, and a chamber for the Illinois Supreme Court.[4]

It was in this building that Lincoln served his final term as a state lawmaker in 1840–41. It was here, as a lawyer, that he pleaded cases before the state supreme court in 1841–60. It was here, in the Illinois House chamber, that he made his House Divided speech in June 1858, announcing his candidacy for the U.S. Senate. It was to the same chamber, in May 1865, that his body was returned, arriving from Washington, D.C. prior to final burial in Springfield's Oak Ridge Cemetery.[5]

As a result of economic growth spurred by the American Civil War and consequent industrialization, this fifth or Old State Capitol was, by the 1870s, too small to serve the purpose for which it had been built. Illinois built its sixth and current State Capitol building four blocks to the southwest, and the state government turned the Old State Capitol over to Sangamon County to serve as the county courthouse.[5]

Courthouse[edit]

From 1876 until 1966, the Old State Capitol was the county courthouse of Sangamon County. During this time the building was extensively altered. In 1839, a two-floor building had been large enough to hold the entire governmental structure of Illinois; but after continued growth in the population of Springfield and the surrounding townships, in 1898-1899 Sangamon County raised the historic structure 11 feet (3 meters), added a third floor under it, and demolished and reconfigured the interior to hold circuit court rooms and office space.[5]

In the early 1960s, the Civil War centennial rekindled interest in the historic central Springfield structure. In addition, Sangamon County's space needs had grown so urgent as to require the county to build for itself an entirely new courthouse building. The county retroceded the Old State Capitol to the state of Illinois, this time as a place of public assembly and museum of Lincoln history.

Illinois Historic Preservation Agency[edit]

In order to restore and preserve the Old State Capitol, which had been extensively altered during its life as a courthouse, workers completely dismantled it, stone by stone, and rebuilt it. The public areas of the Old State Capitol were reconstructed to resemble the appearance of the building in 1860, when Lincoln last saw the capitol prior to his departure to Washington.[2]

The state also excavated the plaza under and around the Old State Capitol to construct an extensive office and parking complex, which later served as the headquarters of the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

The reconstruction work was carried out in 1966–69, and the rebuilt House Chamber was available for the state's Constitutional Convention to use in 1970.

Obama's campaign kickoff, February 2007.

The restored Old State Capitol continues to be used for ceremonial functions. In February 2007 then-U.S. Senator Barack Obama officially announced his candidacy for President of the United States at this location, and in August 2008 he formally introduced his vice-presidential candidate, Joe Biden, with the building as a backdrop.

Visitors can tour the capitol on their own or take 30-minute guided tours.

Lincoln Bicentennial Professional life in Illinois cent, 2009
Lincoln's Illinois penny, August 2009.

In popular culture[edit]

A commemorative one-cent piece was minted for general circulation in 2009 to celebrate Lincoln's work as a lawyer. It used the Old State Capitol, which incorporated a courtroom for the Illinois Supreme Court where Lincoln pleaded key cases in his legal career, as a backdrop.

The Old State Capitol grounds are used as the venue for the Springfield Old Capitol Art Fair, an annual May festival.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°48′04″N 89°38′55″W / 39.80111°N 89.64861°W / 39.80111; -89.64861

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