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Waterpool Crazy Lovely Moments 2015 - Lanzarote
Waterpool Crazy Lovely Moments 2015 - Lanzarote
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
In Fight
In Fight
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
The Birthday Trailer
The Birthday Trailer
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
All Japan Koshiki karate Championship 12/07/2015/Lavrentev. 1/4 Final
All Japan Koshiki karate Championship 12/07/2015/Lavrentev. 1/4 Final
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: Koshiki Strela
Students
Students' Day
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
In the end - Linkin Park Moscow
In the end - Linkin Park Moscow
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Waterfall Jump
Waterfall Jump
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Audrey Beauty Salon & Female Secret Club
Audrey Beauty Salon & Female Secret Club
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Audrey Beauty Salon Opening
Audrey Beauty Salon Opening
Published: 2015/11/21
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Италия - Заход в порт Анконы парома Anek Lines Венеция - Анкона - Игуменица - Патрас
Италия - Заход в порт Анконы парома Anek Lines Венеция - Анкона - Игуменица - Патрас
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
moldovane part 3 by oleg
moldovane part 3 by oleg
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Лицей им. Дмитрия Кантемира: Воспоминания учителей.
Лицей им. Дмитрия Кантемира: Воспоминания учителей.
Published: 2014/02/01
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Waterfall Jump Version 2
Waterfall Jump Version 2
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Италия - Заезд на паром ANEK LINES в порту Анконы на MAN TGX480
Италия - Заезд на паром ANEK LINES в порту Анконы на MAN TGX480
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Floorball TimeLapse PlayGround
Floorball TimeLapse PlayGround
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Лицей имени Дмитрия Кантемира Кишинёв
Лицей имени Дмитрия Кантемира Кишинёв
Published: 2013/10/27
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Gennady Lavrentiev CAPRICE 7
Gennady Lavrentiev CAPRICE 7
Published: 2011/04/04
Channel: OPAVLOS154
Крутые тачки Яхты Монако Монте-Карло
Крутые тачки Яхты Монако Монте-Карло
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Смуглянка
Смуглянка
Published: 2014/04/05
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Италия - Франция Альпы короткая остановка 🚛
Италия - Франция Альпы короткая остановка 🚛
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Audrey Beauty Salon Example
Audrey Beauty Salon Example
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Gennady Lavrentiev CAPRICE 19
Gennady Lavrentiev CAPRICE 19
Published: 2011/04/04
Channel: OPAVLOS154
LK - Return The Time
LK - Return The Time
Published: 2014/11/07
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
12A фильм
12A фильм
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Floorball Training
Floorball Training
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
СТФ1
СТФ1
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Выходные на лазурном берегу
Выходные на лазурном берегу
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
md2011
md2011
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
MOLDOVANE 5
MOLDOVANE 5
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Один день из жизни кантемировцев
Один день из жизни кантемировцев
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Moscow Symbolic Orchestra
Moscow Symbolic Orchestra
Published: 2015/03/10
Channel: Геннадий Лаврентьев
5 апреля
5 апреля
Published: 2014/04/05
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Backside
Backside
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Самый тупой фильм 3
Самый тупой фильм 3
Published: 2012/06/28
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Audrey Beauty Salon Moldova
Audrey Beauty Salon Moldova
Published: 2015/11/21
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
usm2
usm2
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Una Hija Tiene el Rey Sephardi traditional
Una Hija Tiene el Rey Sephardi traditional
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Anna Hoffman
LDC2014
LDC2014
Published: 2014/02/01
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Женя
Женя
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
LK - Song G2 By FL Studio
LK - Song G2 By FL Studio
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Чехия Прага - Уникальное транспортное средство
Чехия Прага - Уникальное транспортное средство
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
CasutaFinal
CasutaFinal
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Приключения Насти и её друзей
Приключения Насти и её друзей
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Da-Saz at C.C. DOM (Moscow)
Da-Saz at C.C. DOM (Moscow)
Published: 2013/01/11
Channel: Anna Hoffman
For ST
For ST
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Дима Оргиян
Дима Оргиян
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
LDC
LDC
Published: 2014/04/03
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
пещеры
пещеры
Published: 2014/05/21
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Самодельная колонка
Самодельная колонка
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
Терминатор. Миссия Президент. Часть первая.
Терминатор. Миссия Президент. Часть первая.
Published: 2012/06/09
Channel: Oleg Lavrentiev
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Oleg Alexandrovich Lavrentiev (Russian: Оле́г Алекса́ндрович Лавре́нтьев; (1926-07-07)July 7, 1926 Pskov, Russia – February 10, 2011(2011-02-10) in Kharkiv, Ukraine[1]) was a Soviet physicist who made contributions to thermonuclear fusion research.

Biography[edit]

Lavrentiev was born in Pskov, into a family descended from peasants. His father, Alexander, completed 2 years at a parochial school, worked as a clerk at a Pskov factory, his mother, Alexandra, completed 4 years, and worked as a nurse.[2][3]

During the war, at age 18 he volunteered for the front. He participated in the battles for the Baltic States (1944–1945), transferred to the Sakhalin Military District, and continued military service in Poronaisk.

The hydrogen bomb and controlled fusion[edit]

While in grade 7 (in 1941) upon reading "Introduction to Nuclear Physics", he showed interest in this topic. While in the military on Sakhalin Lavrentiev educated himself, using the library of technical literature and college textbooks. With his measly military allowance he subscribed to the journal Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk. (Advances in Physical Science) In 1948, Lavrentiev was instructed to prepare a lecture on nuclear physics. With a few days to prepare, he had time to rethink the problem and wrote a letter to the Central Committee of the CPSU (b). From Moscow came an order to create for him an atmosphere where he could work. In a guarded room dedicated to him, he wrote his first article, which he sent in July 1950 via secret mail to the department of heavy equipment engineering of the Central Committee.

His proposal consisted of two parts. Firstly, he proposed an implementation of a hydrogen bomb, based on lithium deuteride. In the second part of his work, he describes how to obtain electricity from a controlled thermonuclear reaction. Andrei Sakharov reviewed his work and wrote in a review the following:

... I think we need a detailed discussion of comrade Lavrentiev's draft proposal. Regardless of the outcome of the discussion now is the time to note the creative initiative of the author. "

In 1950 Lavrentiev was demobilized from the army and came to Moscow, where he entered the Physics Department of Moscow State University. A few months later he was summoned to the Minister of the measuring instrument (the nuclear industry) V.A. Makhnev, and a few days later - to the Kremlin to the chairman of an ad hoc committee on atomic and hydrogen weapons, Lavrentiy Beria.

After meeting with Beria, Lavrentiev was given a room in the new house and a scholarship. He was allowed to attend lectures at will and to request on-demand delivery of scientific literature. He was assigned a math supervising professor PhD A.A. Samarskii (later - academician and Hero of Socialist Labor).

In May 1951, Lavrentiev got access to newly opened State program of fusion research. (Laboratory of instrumentation of the USSR, currently - Kurchatov Institute), where research was carried out on high temperature plasma physics classified as top-secret. There was already ongoing testing and development of Andrei Sakharov's and Igor Tamm's ideas for the fusion reactor.

On August 12, 1953 the Soviet Union tested a thermonuclear warhead based on lithium deuteride. Unlike other participants in the development of new weapons that have received state awards, ranks and awards, Lavrentiev was denied admission to the lab, and was forced to write a thesis project without access to the lab and without a scientific adviser. Nonetheless, he graduated with honors based on his theoretical work on controlled thermonuclear fusion.

In the spring of 1956 Lavrentiev was sent to Kharkiv Theoretical Physics School (KIPT, Kharkov, USSR), and presented his report on the theory of electromagnetic traps to the director of the Institute Cyril Sinelnikov. In 1958, KIPT built the first electromagnetic trap.

Restoring primacy[edit]

In August 2001, the journal "Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk" (Advances in physics science) published Lavrentiev's biography; his proposal that was mailed from Sakhalin, July 29, 1950; the review by Sakharov, and Beria's orders, which were kept in the Archives of the Russian Federation President designated as secret. That has reestablished the primacy of his scientific achievement.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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