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Ontogeny Official Music Video - Narcotize
Ontogeny Official Music Video - Narcotize
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: ONTOGENY
Ontogeny and Neoteny
Ontogeny and Neoteny
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: TREY the Explainer
Ontogeny Meaning
Ontogeny Meaning
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: SDictionary
Ontogeny - A Generation Past
Ontogeny - A Generation Past
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: David Blueeyes
Ontogeny
Ontogeny
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: PsychCore
Ontogeny - Exterminate The Merciful
Ontogeny - Exterminate The Merciful
Published: 2010/12/19
Channel: Carl Stern
Ontogeny and heterochrony
Ontogeny and heterochrony
Published: 2014/11/07
Channel: Matthew E. Clapham
Ontogeny - Disillusion (Live) One Take Playthrough
Ontogeny - Disillusion (Live) One Take Playthrough
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Tsunami Films
Ontogeny
Ontogeny
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Mark Petrie - Topic
Ontogeny - Wake
Ontogeny - Wake
Published: 2010/12/19
Channel: Carl Stern
Ontogeny - Plight Of The Chosen LIVE
Ontogeny - Plight Of The Chosen LIVE
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Ontogeny
ontogeny- instrumental guitar video
ontogeny- instrumental guitar video
Published: 2012/06/11
Channel: ONTOGENY
Ontogeny - I Am Ahriman
Ontogeny - I Am Ahriman
Published: 2015/08/26
Channel: David Blueeyes
Cephalic Carnage - Ontogeny Of Behavior
Cephalic Carnage - Ontogeny Of Behavior
Published: 2008/04/10
Channel: 5simic
ONTOGENY
ONTOGENY
Published: 2008/05/05
Channel: micaela54
Ontogeny - Disillusion
Ontogeny - Disillusion
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: ebolalegion
Ontogeny - Heap Of Foul Deformity
Ontogeny - Heap Of Foul Deformity
Published: 2010/12/19
Channel: Carl Stern
What is ONTOGENY? What does ONTOGENY mean? ONTOGENY meaning, definition & explanation
What is ONTOGENY? What does ONTOGENY mean? ONTOGENY meaning, definition & explanation
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: The Audiopedia
Failures of Evolution: Phylogeny Recapitulates Ontogeny
Failures of Evolution: Phylogeny Recapitulates Ontogeny
Published: 2014/06/30
Channel: GodAndScienceOrg
Ontogeny in Triceratops for T-rex World
Ontogeny in Triceratops for T-rex World
Published: 2015/12/07
Channel: T-rex World
Ontogeny - Congregating Coffins
Ontogeny - Congregating Coffins
Published: 2010/12/19
Channel: Carl Stern
Cephalic Carnage - Ontogeny of Behavior
Cephalic Carnage - Ontogeny of Behavior
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Mario Gomez
Ontogeny - Mirror Within Mirror
Ontogeny - Mirror Within Mirror
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: ebolalegion
Ontogeny Recapitulates Phylogeny - Dr. Kent Hovind
Ontogeny Recapitulates Phylogeny - Dr. Kent Hovind
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: slaves4christ
Ontogeny - Wake
Ontogeny - Wake
Published: 2008/07/24
Channel: gandalfxx
Wk 10 1 Ontogeny recapitulates Phylogeny
Wk 10 1 Ontogeny recapitulates Phylogeny
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: James Stellar
Ontogeny - The Wall Between Worlds
Ontogeny - The Wall Between Worlds
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: ebolalegion
Ontogeny - Discord
Ontogeny - Discord
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: ebolalegion
T Cell Ontogeny and Tolerance and the Case of AIRE Deficiency
T Cell Ontogeny and Tolerance and the Case of AIRE Deficiency
Published: 2013/02/13
Channel: ClevelandClinicCME
Bevan Cellars 2014 Red Wine, Ontogeny
Bevan Cellars 2014 Red Wine, Ontogeny
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: BevanCellars
The effects of domestication and ontogeny on cognition in dogs and wolves
The effects of domestication and ontogeny on cognition in dogs and wolves
Published: 2017/09/16
Channel: ScienceVio
Ontogeny - Instrumental
Ontogeny - Instrumental
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: ebolalegion
Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny Meaning
Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny Meaning
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: ADictionary
ontogeny crop science
ontogeny crop science
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Ronak patel
Ontogeny of Behavior
Ontogeny of Behavior
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Cephalic Carnage - Topic
Ontogeny - Pillars Of Perversion
Ontogeny - Pillars Of Perversion
Published: 2008/07/24
Channel: gandalfxx
Ontogeny - The Wall Between Worlds
Ontogeny - The Wall Between Worlds
Published: 2010/07/26
Channel: visionsofdrns
Carnal Strength // "Ignorance Abuse" // Ontogeny 2014
Carnal Strength // "Ignorance Abuse" // Ontogeny 2014
Published: 2014/10/30
Channel: Carnal Strength
09.C - Structure, Ontogeny, Phylogeny, Phylogenic Trees & Cladograms
09.C - Structure, Ontogeny, Phylogeny, Phylogenic Trees & Cladograms
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Forest Park
CEPHALIC CARNAGE - Ontogeny Of Behavior
CEPHALIC CARNAGE - Ontogeny Of Behavior
Published: 2010/12/29
Channel: Antonio Ayala
Ralph Shapey: Ontogeny
Ralph Shapey: Ontogeny
Published: 2013/07/18
Channel: Jk Stevenson
Ontogeny of the grass ligule: how to draw a line on a leaf
Ontogeny of the grass ligule: how to draw a line on a leaf
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: Cornell SIPS
The Dignity Complex - Ontogeny // NEW SONG // 2017
The Dignity Complex - Ontogeny // NEW SONG // 2017
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: The Dignity Complex
Ontogeny Recapitulates Phylogeny
Ontogeny Recapitulates Phylogeny
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: TheGreatCatWars
Recapitulation theory
Recapitulation theory
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: Shomu's Biology
Ontogeny - Truth In Worth
Ontogeny - Truth In Worth
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: ebolalegion
Ontogeny of immune cells(best explained)
Ontogeny of immune cells(best explained)
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Medical World
Ontogeny - Divine Deviation
Ontogeny - Divine Deviation
Published: 2010/12/19
Channel: Carl Stern
Dr Thomas Carr Interview (pt3) -Tyrannosaurus!//Tyrannosaur Ontogeny//Upcoming Publication
Dr Thomas Carr Interview (pt3) -Tyrannosaurus!//Tyrannosaur Ontogeny//Upcoming Publication
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: AK Rex
Онтогенез ontogenesis, ontogeny
Онтогенез ontogenesis, ontogeny
Published: 2009/03/12
Channel: Jurij Morgenstern
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The initial stages of human embryogenesis
Parts of a human embryo

Ontogeny (also ontogenesis or morphogenesis) is the origination and development of an organism, usually from the time of fertilization of the egg to the organism's mature form—although the term can be used to refer to the study of the entirety of an organism's lifespan.

Ontogeny is the developmental history of an organism within its own lifetime, as distinct from phylogeny, which refers to the evolutionary history of a species. In practice, writers on evolution often speak of species as "developing" traits or characteristics. This can be misleading. While developmental (i.e., ontogenetic) processes can influence subsequent evolutionary (e.g., phylogenetic) processes[1] (see evolutionary developmental biology), individual organisms develop (ontogeny), while species evolve (phylogeny).

Ontogeny, embryology and developmental biology are closely related studies and the terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Recently (2003), the term ontogeny has been used in cell biology to describe the development of various cell types within an organism.[2]

Ontogeny is a useful field of study in many disciplines, including developmental biology, developmental psychology, developmental cognitive neuroscience, and developmental psychobiology.

Ontogeny is also a concept used in anthropology as "the process through which each of us embodies the history of our own making".[3]

Etymology[edit]

The word ontogeny comes from the Greek ὄν, on (gen. ὄντος, ontos), i.e. "being; that which is", which is the present participle of the verb εἰμί, eimi, i.e. "to be, I am", and from the suffix -geny from the Greek -γένεια -geneia, which expresses the concept of "mode of production".[4]

Nature and nurture[edit]

A seminal paper named ontogeny as one of the four primary questions of biology, along with Huxley's three others: causation, survival value and evolution.[5] Tinbergen emphasized that the change of behavioral machinery during development was distinct from the change in behavior during development. "We can conclude that the thrush itself, i.e. its behavioral machinery, has changed only if the behavior change occurred while the environment was held constant...When we turn from description to causal analysis, and ask in what way the observed change in behavior machinery has been brought about, the natural first step is to try and distinguish between environmental influences and those within the animal...In ontogeny the conclusion that a certain change is internally controlled (is "innate") is reached by elimination. " (p. 424) Tinbergen was concerned that the elimination of environmental factors is difficult to establish, and the use of the word "innate" is often misleading.

Ontogenetic allometry[edit]

Most organisms undergo allometric changes in shape as they grow and mature, while others engage in metamorphosis. Even "reptiles" (non-avian sauropsids, e.g., crocodilians, turtles, snakes,[6] lizards[7]), in which the offspring are often viewed as miniature adults, show a variety of ontogenetic changes in morphology and physiology.[8]

Anthropological application[edit]

Comparing ourselves to others is something humans do all the time. "In doing so we are acknowledging not so much our sameness to others or our difference, but rather the commonality that resides in our difference. In other words, because each one of us is at once remarkably similar to, and remarkably different from, all other humans, it makes little sense to think of comparison in terms of a list of absolute similarities and a list of absolute differences. Rather, in respect of all other humans, we find similarities in the ways we are different from one another and differences in the ways we are the same. That we are able to do this is a function of the genuinely historical process that is human ontogeny".[3]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Gould, S.J. (1977). Ontogeny and Phylogeny. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
  2. ^ Thiery, Jean Paul (1 December 2003). "Epithelial–mesenchymal transitions in development and pathologies". Current Opinion in Cell Biology. 15 (6): 740–746. PMID 14644200. doi:10.1016/j.ceb.2003.10.006. 
  3. ^ a b Toren, Christina. "Comparison and ontogeny." Anthropology, by comparison (2002): 187.
  4. ^ See -geny in the Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, 1989; online version March 2011, accessed 9 May 2011. Earlier version first published in New English Dictionary, 1898.
  5. ^ Niko Tinbergen (1963). "On aims and methods of ethology" (PDF). Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie. 20: 410–433.  See page 411.
  6. ^ Pough, F. H. 1978. Ontogenetic changes in endurance in water snakes (Natrix sipedon): Physiological correlates and ecological consequences. Copeia 1978:69-75.
  7. ^ Garland, Jr., T. 1985. Ontogenetic and individual variation in size, shape and speed in the Australian agamid lizard Amphibolurus nuchalis. Journal of Zoology 207:425–439.
  8. ^ Garland, Jr., T., and P. L. Else. 1987. Seasonal, sexual, and individual variation in endurance and activity metabolism in lizards. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 252:R439–R449.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Morphogenesis at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of ontogeny at Wiktionary

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