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OpenDesk: a revolution in furniture design
OpenDesk: a revolution in furniture design
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: The Guardian
designer blouse back side deep neck open design
designer blouse back side deep neck open design
Published: 2017/07/16
Channel: Sancheti Fashion Designer
Open Design Tiny House Built With Natural Materials
Open Design Tiny House Built With Natural Materials
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Tiny House Listings
Open source urban design | Kirsten Wilkins | TEDxCapeTown
Open source urban design | Kirsten Wilkins | TEDxCapeTown
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: TEDx Talks
Open Design Italia 2013
Open Design Italia 2013
Published: 2014/01/05
Channel: Andro Design
"SHOCKING YA
"SHOCKING YA'LL" Brand New Wide Open Design Rock Bouncer
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: MadRam11
Interior Design — Elegant & Comfortable Open-Concept Main Floor Makeover
Interior Design — Elegant & Comfortable Open-Concept Main Floor Makeover
Published: 2013/02/05
Channel: House & Home
Making an Adjustable Standing Desk (Open Design)
Making an Adjustable Standing Desk (Open Design)
Published: 2018/02/14
Channel: cncrouterparts
Interior Design — An Open-Space Kitchen With Eclectic Style
Interior Design — An Open-Space Kitchen With Eclectic Style
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: House & Home
Dream Home Interiors by Open Design
Dream Home Interiors by Open Design
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: Home Design Ideas
[Open Design|享用] 設計展(概念形象影片)
[Open Design|享用] 設計展(概念形象影片)
Published: 2013/10/03
Channel: CC Taiwan
Interior Design Trends 2017 | Open Space Living | Best Ideas about Open Floor Plan Living Rooms
Interior Design Trends 2017 | Open Space Living | Best Ideas about Open Floor Plan Living Rooms
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: WORLD of DESIGN IDEAS
OPEN - DESIGN - Olyvetty
OPEN - DESIGN - Olyvetty
Published: 2012/03/13
Channel: Vodafone
MOOC - Interaction Design / Open Design - 2013
MOOC - Interaction Design / Open Design - 2013
Published: 2013/04/30
Channel: Tristan Schulze
Curuba - Open Design For Everyone
Curuba - Open Design For Everyone
Published: 2013/12/04
Channel: curuba
Fixer Upper Seasoneason 4 Episodepisode 3 Bright, Open Design Transforms Couple
Fixer Upper Seasoneason 4 Episodepisode 3 Bright, Open Design Transforms Couple's First Home Togethe
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Andres Reagan
Wide Open Design - Rockbouncer Build - Customer
Wide Open Design - Rockbouncer Build - Customer's Reaction
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Wide Open Design
WIDE OPEN DESIGN BLOWER BUGGY AKA WFO
WIDE OPEN DESIGN BLOWER BUGGY AKA WFO
Published: 2013/04/12
Channel: MadRam11
Open Design House in Hamptons, uma mostra de Design e Art
Open Design House in Hamptons, uma mostra de Design e Art
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Lu Marinho Interior Design
Top 5 Graphic Design Programs (Open Source / Free)
Top 5 Graphic Design Programs (Open Source / Free)
Published: 2012/10/15
Channel: TJ FREE
Interior Design — How To Open Up Your Kitchen & Family Room
Interior Design — How To Open Up Your Kitchen & Family Room
Published: 2015/05/07
Channel: House & Home
DESIGNER BLOUSE -YUMEE UP BLOUSE Design beck neck open
DESIGNER BLOUSE -YUMEE UP BLOUSE Design beck neck open
Published: 2017/08/29
Channel: Sancheti Fashion Designer
#1 Master Open Design
#1 Master Open Design
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Bild Wissen Gestaltung. Ein Interdisziplinäres Labor
Tremplin Jeunes Talents - L
Tremplin Jeunes Talents - L'Open Design
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: Du Côté de Chez Vous
Open Design 2016 - JOIN THE MOVEMENT
Open Design 2016 - JOIN THE MOVEMENT
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: OPEN DESIGN CAPE TOWN
OPEN CONCEPT RUST SOLO OR DUO BASE DESIGN - Rust Base Building (31,500 Stone)
OPEN CONCEPT RUST SOLO OR DUO BASE DESIGN - Rust Base Building (31,500 Stone)
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: Boom Dude
Open Design Tiny House Built With Natural Materials
Open Design Tiny House Built With Natural Materials
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Home Design Ideas
Why Acoustics Matters in Open Office Design
Why Acoustics Matters in Open Office Design
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Transwall
Wide Open Design Rock Bouncer for  Stephen Maune
Wide Open Design Rock Bouncer for Stephen Maune
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Adam Woodlee
Open World Design - How to Build Open World Games - Extra Credits
Open World Design - How to Build Open World Games - Extra Credits
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: Extra Credits
Wide Open Design: Tennessee Mojo
Wide Open Design: Tennessee Mojo
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Navigation Advertising LLC
The BULLET by WIDE OPEN DESIGN
The BULLET by WIDE OPEN DESIGN
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: MadRam11
Wide Open Design Jeep Chassis walks a 6 ft ledge on Steel Bender Trail, Moab, July 2017
Wide Open Design Jeep Chassis walks a 6 ft ledge on Steel Bender Trail, Moab, July 2017
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Kentucky Krawlers
Berliner Hocker - Open Design Furniture Tutorial // DIY
Berliner Hocker - Open Design Furniture Tutorial // DIY
Published: 2012/11/22
Channel: eNtR berlin
Deanna M. Herst: Open Design Now
Deanna M. Herst: Open Design Now
Published: 2012/12/19
Channel: MedeaTV
WIDE OPEN DESIGN SHOP FEATURE
WIDE OPEN DESIGN SHOP FEATURE
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: MadRam11
Copperhead Revolution 4 Seater - Wide Open Design
Copperhead Revolution 4 Seater - Wide Open Design
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: BustedKnuckleVideo
APPLY NOW! Master »Open Design«
APPLY NOW! Master »Open Design«
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Bild Wissen Gestaltung. Ein Interdisziplinäres Labor
Back open collar neck design /बहुत ही सुंदर neck का design आप बनाओगे जरूर
Back open collar neck design /बहुत ही सुंदर neck का design आप बनाओगे जरूर
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: Sarabjit Kaur Saini
Open design + collaborazione massiva = storia 4.0? | Mirko Bordignon | TEDxCastelfrancoVeneto
Open design + collaborazione massiva = storia 4.0? | Mirko Bordignon | TEDxCastelfrancoVeneto
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: TEDx Talks
OPEN - DESIGN - Tecnologia e Design Italiano [Full]
OPEN - DESIGN - Tecnologia e Design Italiano [Full]
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: Vodafone
Wide Open Design Revolution chassis #1 first start
Wide Open Design Revolution chassis #1 first start
Published: 2011/12/15
Channel: rockjeep44
WIDE OPEN DESIGN Revolution walk around
WIDE OPEN DESIGN Revolution walk around
Published: 2011/12/25
Channel: leeman1790
Chris Corrigan on Group Size in Innovation and Open Design
Chris Corrigan on Group Size in Innovation and Open Design
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: Nancy White
Typical Day at Wide Open Design
Typical Day at Wide Open Design
Published: 2010/09/15
Channel: offroader423
Detech New 18" Mono Open Design finds 6.8 gram Gold Nugget with Stinky Pete
Detech New 18" Mono Open Design finds 6.8 gram Gold Nugget with Stinky Pete
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: StinkyPete3465
Open Design Cape Town 2014
Open Design Cape Town 2014
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Cape Town Design Network
Y Tsai on the Open Design Festival in Cape Town
Y Tsai on the Open Design Festival in Cape Town
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: SABC Digital News
Wide Open Design Buggy getting Beat at GrayRock
Wide Open Design Buggy getting Beat at GrayRock
Published: 2008/02/04
Channel: MadRam11
Heineken Open Design - The Experts
Heineken Open Design - The Experts
Published: 2011/08/17
Channel: Heineken
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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RepRap general-purpose 3D printer that not only could be used to make structures and functional components for open-design projects but is an open-source project itself.
Uzebox is an open-design video game console.[1]
Zoybar open source guitar kit With 3-D printed body[4]

Open design is the development of physical products, machines and systems through use of publicly shared design information. Open design involves the making of both free and open-source software (FOSS) as well as open-source hardware. The process is generally facilitated by the Internet and often performed without monetary compensation. The goals and philosophy are identical to that of the open-source movement, but are implemented for the development of physical products rather than software.[5] Open design is a form of co-creation, where the final product is designed by the users, rather than an external stakeholder such as a private company.

History[edit]

Sources of the open-design movement[edit]

Sharing of manufacturing information can be traced back to the 18th and 19th century.[6][7] Aggressive patenting put an end to that period of extensive knowledge sharing.[8] More recently, principles of open design have been related to the free software and open source movements.[9] In 1997 Eric S. Raymond, Tim O'Reilly and Larry Augustin established "open source" as an alternative expression to "free software," and in 1997 Bruce Perens published the Open Source Definition. In late 1998, Dr. Sepehr Kiani (a PhD in mechanical engineering from MIT) realized that designers could benefit from open source policies, and in early 1999 he convinced Dr. Ryan Vallance and Dr. Samir Nayfeh of the potential benefits of open design in machine design applications.[10] Together they established the Open Design Foundation (ODF) as a non-profit corporation, and set out to develop an Open Design Definition.[10]

The idea of open design was taken up, either simultaneously or subsequently, by several other groups and individuals. The principles of open design are closely similar to those of open-source hardware design, which emerged in March 1998 when Reinoud Lamberts of the Delft University of Technology proposed on his “Open Design Circuits” website the creation of a hardware design community in the spirit of free software.[11]

Ronen Kadushin coined the title "Open Design" in his 2004 Master’s thesis, and the term was later formalized in the 2010 Open Design Manifesto.[12]

Current directions of the open-design movement[edit]

Open Source Ecology, open source farming and industrial machinery

The open-design movement currently unites two trends. On one hand, people apply their skills and time on projects for the common good, perhaps where funding or commercial interest is lacking, for developing countries or to help spread ecological or cheaper technologies. On the other hand, open design may provide a framework for developing advanced projects and technologies that might be beyond the resource of any single company or country and involve people who, without the copyleft mechanism, might not collaborate otherwise. There is now also a third trend, where these two methods come together to use high-tech open-source (e.g. 3D printing) but customized local solutions for sustainable development.[13] Open Design holds great potential in driving future innovation as resent research has proven that stakeholder users working together produce more innovative designs than designers consulting users through more traditional means.[14]

Open machine design as compared to open-source software[edit]

The open-design movement is currently fairly nascent but holds great potential for the future. In some respects design and engineering are even more suited to open collaborative development than the increasingly common open-source software projects, because with 3D models and photographs the concept can often be understood visually. It is not even necessary that the project members speak the same languages to usefully collaborate.

However, there are certain barriers to overcome for open design when compared to software development where there are mature and widely used tools available and the duplication and distribution of code cost next to nothing. Creating, testing and modifying physical designs is not quite so straightforward because of the effort, time and cost required to create the physical artefact; although with access to emerging flexible computer-controlled manufacturing techniques the complexity and effort of construction can be significantly reduced (see tools mentioned in the fab lab article).

Open-design organizations[edit]

VIA OpenBook reference design CAD visualisation

Open design is currently a fledgling movement consisting of several unrelated or loosely related initiatives.[15] Many of these organizations are single, funded projects, while a few organizations are focusing on an area needing development. In some cases (e.g. Thingiverse for 3D printable designs or Appropedia for open source appropriate technology) organizations are making an effort to create a centralized open source design repository as this enables innovation.[16] Notable organizations include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://belogic.com/uzebox/
  2. ^ "Evaluation + Tools + Best Practices: BugLabs and Open-Source Hardware Innovation". Worldchanging. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  3. ^ Thursday, November 1st, 2007 (2007-11-01). "First Pics of Bug Labs Open-Source Hardware". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  4. ^ Sorrel, Charlie (2013-03-28). "Zoybar | Gadget Lab". Wired.com. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  5. ^ "Open collaborative design". AdCiv. 2010-07-29. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  6. ^ Nuvolari, Alessandro 2004. Collective Invention during the British Industrial Revolution: The Case of the Cornish Pumping Engine. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 28, nr. 3: 347–363.
  7. ^ Allen, Robert C. 1983. Collective Invention. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 4, no. 1: 1–24.
  8. ^ Bessen, James E. and Nuvolari, Alessandro, Knowledge Sharing Among Inventors: Some Historical Perspectives (2012, forthcoming). In: Dietmar Harhoff and Karim Lakhani eds., Revolutionizing Innovation: Users, Communities and Open Innovation. Cambridge: MIT Press. Pre-Print: Boston Univ. School of Law, Law and Economics Research Paper No. 11-51; LEM Working Paper 2011/21. Available at http://www.bu.edu/law/faculty/scholarship/workingpapers/documents/BessenJ-NuvolariA101411fin.pdf
  9. ^ Vallance, Kiani and Nayfeh, Open Design of Manufacturing Equipment, CIRP 1st Int. Conference on Agile, 2001
  10. ^ a b R. Ryan Vallance, Bazaar Design of Nano and Micro Manufacturing Equipment, 2000
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-12. Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  12. ^ Alexander Vittouris, Mark Richardson. "Designing for Velomobile Diversity: Alternative opportunities for sustainable personal mobility". 2012.
  13. ^ J. M Pearce, C. Morris Blair, K. J. Laciak, R. Andrews, A. Nosrat and I. Zelenika-Zovko, “3-D Printing of Open Source Appropriate Technologies for Self-Directed Sustainable Development”, Journal of Sustainable Development 3(4), pp. 17-29 (2010). [1]
  14. ^ Mitchell, Val; Ross, Tracy; Sims, Ruth; Parker, Christopher J. (2015). "Empirical investigation of the impact of using co-design methods when generating proposals for sustainable travel solutions". CoDesign. 12 (4): 205–220. doi:10.1080/15710882.2015.1091894. 
  15. ^ Thomas J. Howard, Sofiane Achiche, Ali Özkil and Tim C. McAloone, Open Design And Crowdsourcing: Maturity, Methodology And Business Models, International Design Conference - Design 2012, Dubrovnik - Croatia, May 21–24, 2012.open access
  16. ^ Pearce J., Albritton S., Grant G., Steed G., & Zelenika I. 2012. A new model for enabling innovation in appropriate technology for sustainable development Archived 2012-11-22 at the Wayback Machine.. Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy 8(2) Published online Aug 20, 2012. open access
  17. ^ "Elektor FAQ Elektor". Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  18. ^ "littleBits: DIY Electronics For Prototyping and Learning". Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "Home". Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  20. ^ "Open Source Ecology". Open Source Ecology. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  21. ^ "Solar cells". Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  22. ^ "Sensorica". 
  23. ^ [2]
  24. ^ "Wind Turbine". Retrieved 16 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

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