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Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Precious Lord Take My Hand (1968)
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Precious Lord Take My Hand (1968)
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: Gospel Explosion
Clarence Paul & The Members - Operation Breadbasket
Clarence Paul & The Members - Operation Breadbasket
Published: 2011/09/21
Channel: Val Challoner
Operation Bread Basket
Operation Bread Basket
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: Charles Taylor
"Motherless Child"- Rev. Clay Evans w/ the Operation Breadbasket Orchestra & Choir
"Motherless Child"- Rev. Clay Evans w/ the Operation Breadbasket Orchestra & Choir
Published: 2011/03/03
Channel: Rowoches
Operation Breadbasket And The Fight For Civil Rights In Chicago
Operation Breadbasket And The Fight For Civil Rights In Chicago
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Roland Martin
SCLC Operation Breadbasket Orchestra and Choir - Nobody Knows
SCLC Operation Breadbasket Orchestra and Choir - Nobody Knows
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Henry Cooper
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Hard Times (1968)
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Hard Times (1968)
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: Gospel Explosion
Operation Breadbasket Top # 13 Facts
Operation Breadbasket Top # 13 Facts
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: Gaurav Sejal
WBBM Channel 2 - The Sunday News (Part 1, 1971)
WBBM Channel 2 - The Sunday News (Part 1, 1971)
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: The Museum of Classic Chicago Television (www.FuzzyMemories.TV)
Martin Luther King Jr. ends boycott in Cleveland, August 1967
Martin Luther King Jr. ends boycott in Cleveland, August 1967
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Scripps National News
Cannonball adderley- country preacher
Cannonball adderley- country preacher
Published: 2010/02/11
Channel: Corey Holmes
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Let Us Break Bread Together (1968)
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Let Us Break Bread Together (1968)
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: Gospel Explosion
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in Cleveland in 1967 | WEWS Video Vault
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in Cleveland in 1967 | WEWS Video Vault
Published: 2012/01/14
Channel: News 5 Cleveland
Operation Blue Star:1984 || Sikh Story-1984|| Documentary on Sikh Genocide by (Sonia Deol) BBC
Operation Blue Star:1984 || Sikh Story-1984|| Documentary on Sikh Genocide by (Sonia Deol) BBC
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Made in Pakistan
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra   Precious Lord Take My Hand 1968
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra Precious Lord Take My Hand 1968
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Carlos
Why You Should Open a Business Checking Account at BestBank
Why You Should Open a Business Checking Account at BestBank
Published: 2016/01/24
Channel: Operation Breadbasket
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Yield Not To Temptation (1968)
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Yield Not To Temptation (1968)
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: Gospel Explosion
Operation Breadbasket Orch, Rev Clay Evans & Choir  "Precious Lord"
Operation Breadbasket Orch, Rev Clay Evans & Choir "Precious Lord"
Published: 2009/02/26
Channel: gospellin
Downloads Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966–1971
Downloads Operation Breadbasket: An Untold Story of Civil Rights in Chicago, 1966–1971
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: fyrui
Operation Breadbasket
Operation Breadbasket
Published: 2014/12/04
Channel: Robert Bowdell
CLARENCE PAUL & MEMBERS - OPERATION BREADBASKET (PT.1)
CLARENCE PAUL & MEMBERS - OPERATION BREADBASKET (PT.1)
Published: 2014/07/11
Channel: LANCASHIRE A GO GO
Ben Branch & The Operation Breadbasket Orch. & Choir -  Motherless Child  - CHESS 2051
Ben Branch & The Operation Breadbasket Orch. & Choir - Motherless Child - CHESS 2051
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: DJLucien01
Clarence Paul & The Members - Operation Breadbasket
Clarence Paul & The Members - Operation Breadbasket
Published: 2013/02/28
Channel: Mademoiselle La Di Da
clarence paul - operation breadbasket pt1 and pt2 7
clarence paul - operation breadbasket pt1 and pt2 7''
Published: 2012/07/22
Channel: cicodelico
Operation
Operation
Published: 2011/08/02
Channel: xLucky6
Martin Luther King Jr. - 1969 Easter Tribute
Martin Luther King Jr. - 1969 Easter Tribute
Published: 2014/01/21
Channel: Jubilee Showcase
Operation Breadbasket.mov
Operation Breadbasket.mov
Published: 2011/03/17
Channel: Breecer100
WTTW Channel 11 - "Something Special" (1970)
WTTW Channel 11 - "Something Special" (1970)
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: The Museum of Classic Chicago Television (www.FuzzyMemories.TV)
Ben Branch & The Operation Breadbasket Orch. & Choir - Motherless Child
Ben Branch & The Operation Breadbasket Orch. & Choir - Motherless Child
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: Kieran Lockyear
Talk Africa: China Africa Agriculture Co operation
Talk Africa: China Africa Agriculture Co operation
Published: 2015/11/22
Channel: CGTN Africa
Sclc Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Lift Every Voice & Sing - Drum Break
Sclc Operation Breadbasket Orchestra - Lift Every Voice & Sing - Drum Break
Published: 2009/11/15
Channel: funkprovida2
Funk - Clarence Paul Operation Breadbasket Part 1
Funk - Clarence Paul Operation Breadbasket Part 1
Published: 2009/07/12
Channel: shingalingthing
Martin Luther King Jr. on boycott to effect jobs, 1967
Martin Luther King Jr. on boycott to effect jobs, 1967
Published: 2015/01/15
Channel: Scripps National News
Operation bread basket commercial
Operation bread basket commercial
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: CameronReefFilms
Politics as Usual Episode 9: Operation Breadbasket
Politics as Usual Episode 9: Operation Breadbasket
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: All Ways For B.L.A.C.K.
RARE 1966 THROWBACK: "MLK  MARCH IN CHICAGO"
RARE 1966 THROWBACK: "MLK MARCH IN CHICAGO"
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Hezakya Newz & Music
Cannonball Adderley - Walk Tall (feat. Jesse Jackson)
Cannonball Adderley - Walk Tall (feat. Jesse Jackson)
Published: 2009/04/01
Channel: eweksi
operation breadbasket
operation breadbasket
Published: 2008/12/05
Channel: operationbreadbasket
Clarence Paul And The Members-Operation Breadbasket
Clarence Paul And The Members-Operation Breadbasket
Published: 2011/02/23
Channel: drean1964
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra   Hard Times 1968
Ben Branch and The Operation Breadbasket Orchestra Hard Times 1968
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Carlos
Curtis Gregory Aug. 18, 1942 - Aug. 14, 2014 HD 720p
Curtis Gregory Aug. 18, 1942 - Aug. 14, 2014 HD 720p
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: kraigg007
Cannonball Adderley - Live in
Cannonball Adderley - Live in '63 Germany & Switzerland concerts
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: RW
Ben Branch & The Operation Breadbasket Orch  & Choir - Motherless Child (7" Vinyl HQ)
Ben Branch & The Operation Breadbasket Orch & Choir - Motherless Child (7" Vinyl HQ)
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: Fatshoolaces
Just Another Day at The Acworth Beach on Lake Allatoona
Just Another Day at The Acworth Beach on Lake Allatoona
Published: 2015/07/13
Channel: Operation Breadbasket
Miclain Keith - "Nobody Knows" Instrumental Beat 2016
Miclain Keith - "Nobody Knows" Instrumental Beat 2016
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Miclain
Operation - Week 3: Bread Basket
Operation - Week 3: Bread Basket
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: ALIVE Wesleyan Church
Ghostface Killah feat. Sheek Louch & Styles P - Metal Lungies
Ghostface Killah feat. Sheek Louch & Styles P - Metal Lungies
Published: 2009/09/20
Channel: damirtennis
Lecture 22 - Public Policy and Presidential Politics
Lecture 22 - Public Policy and Presidential Politics
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: YaleCourses
Love Yourself
Love Yourself
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: solebrother71
Does Al Sharpton Smoke Weed?
Does Al Sharpton Smoke Weed?
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: Civilized
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Operation Breadbasket was an organization dedicated to improving the economic conditions of black communities across the United States of America.

Operation Breadbasket was founded as a department of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1962, and was operated by Rev. Fred C. Bennette of Atlanta.[1] The first activities were in Atlanta and other Southern cities.

A key figure in the later history of Operation Breadbasket was Jesse Jackson. In 1964, Jackson left his native South Carolina to study at the Chicago Theological Seminary. He participated in SCLC's movement in Selma. When Jackson returned from Selma, he joined SCLC's effort to establish a beachhead in Chicago.

In 1966, SCLC selected Jackson to be head of the Chicago chapter of its Operation Breadbasket. Influenced by the example of Rev. Leon H. Sullivan in Philadelphia, a key goal of the organization was to foster “selective buying” (boycotts) as a means to pressure white businesses to hire blacks and purchase goods and services from black contractors. Sullivan's plan was not without its predecessors. One was Dr. T.R.M. Howard, a wealthy doctor and community leader on the South Side and key financial contributor to Operation Breadbasket. Before he moved from Mississippi to Chicago, Howard had developed a national reputation as a civil rights leader, surgeon, and entrepreneur.[2]

As head of the Regional Council of Negro Leadership, Howard had successfully organized a boycott of service-stations that refused to provide restrooms for blacks. Jackson’s application of these methods, however, had a seamier aspect including cronyism and strong-arming businesses to donate money to Operation Breadbasket.[3]

Noah Robinson, Jr., who had just graduated from the Wharton School of Finance and Commerce of the University of Pennsylvania, came to Chicago in 1969, to become full-time director of the Commercial Division of Operation Breadbasket. Robinson was Jesse Jackson’s half-brother and sometime rival. Robinson would later be sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering a rival known as Leroy Barber.

In December 1971, Jackson had a falling out with Ralph Abernathy, King's successor as head of the SCLC. Jackson and his allies broke off from SCLC and formed the wholly independent Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity). The founding goals were similar to those of the Operation Breadbasket. Despite Jackson's departure, Operation Breadbasket continued for a brief time under Robinson's leadership.

Breadbasket Orchestra and Choir[edit]

The Breadbasket Orchestra and Choir, with Ben Branch as musical director, performed benefits for Martin Luther King Jr. and Operation/PUSH. Just moments before being assassinated, King had asked Branch to play a Negro spiritual, "Precious Lord, Take My Hand," at a rally that was to have been held two hours later.[4]

Cannonball Adderley, in the introduction to the title track of his 1969 album Country Preacher, makes a specific mention of Branch in recognition of his work as leader of the Operation Breadbasket Orchestra and Choir.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Auburn Avenue Research Library. Fred C. Bennette, first Operation Breadbasket executive director. See http://operationbreadbasket.blogspot.com/
  2. ^ David T. Beito and Linda Royster Beito, Black Maverick: T.R.M. Howard's Fight for Civil Rights and Economic Power (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009), 208-09.
  3. ^ Kenneth Timmerman, Shakedown: Exposing the Real Jesse Jackson
  4. ^ "Martin Luther King Is Slain in Memphis; A White Is Suspected; Johnson Urges Calm" The New York Times
  5. ^ Thomas, Lorenzo & Lynn Nielsen, Aldon Don't Deny My Name: words and music and the black intellectual tradition, University of Michigan Press, 2008 ISBN 9780472068920

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