Play Video
1
Escape from Havana 1/5
Escape from Havana 1/5
::2010/06/01::
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2
50 Years Later, Cuban-Americans Recall Fleeing as Children
50 Years Later, Cuban-Americans Recall Fleeing as Children
::2009/01/19::
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3
The History of Operation Pedro Pan
The History of Operation Pedro Pan
::2010/11/30::
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4
Catholic Church Scandal: Vatican behind "Operation Peter Pan"- trafficking 14,000 children
Catholic Church Scandal: Vatican behind "Operation Peter Pan"- trafficking 14,000 children
::2012/08/18::
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5
Tori Amos - Operation Peter Pan
Tori Amos - Operation Peter Pan
::2010/12/17::
Play Video
6
Operation Pedro Pan - The Largest Recorded Exodus of Unaccompanied Minors in the Western Hemisphere
Operation Pedro Pan - The Largest Recorded Exodus of Unaccompanied Minors in the Western Hemisphere
::2011/05/06::
Play Video
7
Cuban Kids from the 60
Cuban Kids from the 60's Exodus, Operation Pedro Pan
::2008/04/11::
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8
Beatriz Vidal - Operation Peter Pan
Beatriz Vidal - Operation Peter Pan
::2014/07/18::
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9
Operation Peter Pan
Operation Peter Pan
::2009/10/08::
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10
Operation Peter Pan
Operation Peter Pan
::2006/07/05::
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11
Party - Gala 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group, Inc.
Party - Gala 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group, Inc.
::2013/12/18::
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12
2011 LA Film Fest: Operation Peter Pan Q&A
2011 LA Film Fest: Operation Peter Pan Q&A
::2011/06/24::
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13
Cuban Kids from the 60
Cuban Kids from the 60's Exodus presentation of Operation Pedro Pan.
::2011/10/27::
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14
Carlos Eire - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Carlos Eire - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/26::
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15
Operation Pedro Pan history - 20 mins. with narration - 20NOV2013
Operation Pedro Pan history - 20 mins. with narration - 20NOV2013
::2013/11/20::
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16
Operation Peter Pan
Operation Peter Pan
::2012/07/06::
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17
Margarita Oteiza interview with subtitles - Operation Pedro Pan
Margarita Oteiza interview with subtitles - Operation Pedro Pan
::2014/08/09::
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18
The New Breed! : 2013 MCI J4500 762 Operating For Peter Pan Bus Lines
The New Breed! : 2013 MCI J4500 762 Operating For Peter Pan Bus Lines
::2012/11/16::
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19
Operation Pedro Pan history - 35 mins. with narration - 19Dec2013
Operation Pedro Pan history - 35 mins. with narration - 19Dec2013
::2013/12/19::
Play Video
20
Victor Andres Triay - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Victor Andres Triay - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/28::
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21
Dermot O´Brien - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Dermot O´Brien - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/28::
Play Video
22
"CRI" Operation Pedro Pan Exodus by Eloísa Echazábal Part 2
"CRI" Operation Pedro Pan Exodus by Eloísa Echazábal Part 2
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
23
Operation Pedro Pan history - 17 mins. with music background 4Dec2013
Operation Pedro Pan history - 17 mins. with music background 4Dec2013
::2013/12/04::
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24
"CRI" Operation Pedro Pan Exodus by Eloísa Echazábal Part 3
"CRI" Operation Pedro Pan Exodus by Eloísa Echazábal Part 3
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
25
"CRI" Operation Pedro Pan Exodus by Eloísa Echazábal Part 1
"CRI" Operation Pedro Pan Exodus by Eloísa Echazábal Part 1
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
26
Thanksgiving Mass 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group, Inc.
Thanksgiving Mass 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group, Inc.
::2013/12/04::
Play Video
27
Marcos Kerbel - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Marcos Kerbel - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/29::
Play Video
28
Eloy Cepero - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Eloy Cepero - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/28::
Play Video
29
Maria Argelia Vizcaino - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Maria Argelia Vizcaino - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/28::
Play Video
30
Carlos Eire - Panel  Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Carlos Eire - Panel Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/28::
Play Video
31
Carmen Valdivia - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Carmen Valdivia - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/26::
Play Video
32
Juan Clark - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Juan Clark - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/27::
Play Video
33
"Pedro Pan Annual Thanksgiving Gala Celebration!" Operation Pedro Pan 1960-1962 11-17-2012.
"Pedro Pan Annual Thanksgiving Gala Celebration!" Operation Pedro Pan 1960-1962 11-17-2012.
::2012/11/20::
Play Video
34
Rogelio Vizcaino - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Rogelio Vizcaino - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/28::
Play Video
35
Part 1 of 4 - 50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan.
Part 1 of 4 - 50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan.
::2011/05/16::
Play Video
36
Eloy Cepero - Desayuno Martiano 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group
Eloy Cepero - Desayuno Martiano 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group
::2013/01/28::
Play Video
37
Part 4 of 4 -50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan
Part 4 of 4 -50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan
::2011/05/16::
Play Video
38
Carlos Eire - Operation Pedro Pan: 50 Year Perspective
Carlos Eire - Operation Pedro Pan: 50 Year Perspective
::2011/12/11::
Play Video
39
Venerable Jorge G. Finlay Junior - Invocation - Gala 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group, Inc.
Venerable Jorge G. Finlay Junior - Invocation - Gala 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group, Inc.
::2013/12/10::
Play Video
40
Armando Valladares - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Armando Valladares - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/28::
Play Video
41
Jose Azel - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Jose Azel - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/29::
Play Video
42
Part 3 of 4 -50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan
Part 3 of 4 -50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan
::2011/05/16::
Play Video
43
Operation Pedro Pan Group - Thanksgiving Mass 2012
Operation Pedro Pan Group - Thanksgiving Mass 2012
::2012/12/17::
Play Video
44
Part 1 of 2-Operation Pedro Pan-
Part 1 of 2-Operation Pedro Pan-
::2011/11/30::
Play Video
45
Iraida Yocham Añorga - Desayuno Martiano 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group
Iraida Yocham Añorga - Desayuno Martiano 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group
::2013/01/28::
Play Video
46
Operation Pedro Pan Friday Night Party 11-16-2012.
Operation Pedro Pan Friday Night Party 11-16-2012.
::2012/11/20::
Play Video
47
Part 2 of 4 -50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan
Part 2 of 4 -50th Anniversary Celebration of Operation Pedro Pan
::2011/05/16::
Play Video
48
Maria de la Milera - Desayuno Martiano 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group
Maria de la Milera - Desayuno Martiano 2013 - Operation Pedro Pan Group
::2013/01/28::
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49
Thomas Wenski - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Thomas Wenski - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/26::
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Victor Andres Triay - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
Victor Andres Triay - Operation Pedro Pan: A 50 Year Perspective
::2011/11/26::
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Operation Peter Pan (Operación Peter Pan or Operación Pedro Pan) Over four decades ago, Cuban parents fearing indoctrination and that the Cuban government would take away their parental authority exercised one of the most fundamental human rights: the right to choose how their children would be educated.

From December 1960 to October 1962, more than fourteen thousand Cuban youths arrived alone in the United States. What is now known as Operation Pedro Pan was the largest recorded exodus of Unaccompanied minors in the Western Hemisphere.

The exodus of the Cuban children was virtually unknown for over 30 years. Msgr. Bryan O. Walsh who is considered the Father of our Exodus states that the name had only appeared in print in March of 62' and in a Reader's Digest article in 1988. It was through the effort and work of Operation Pedro Pan Group, Inc. that the name Operation Pedro Pan became known throughout the US and the world.

Approximately, half of the minors were reunited with relatives or friends at the airport. More than half were cared for by the Catholic Welfare Bureau, directed by a 30 year old Irish priest, Bryan O. Walsh. The children from the Cuban Refugee Children's Program were placed in temporary shelters in Miami, and relocated in 30 States.

OPERATION PEDRO PAN GROUP, INC. is the Official National Charitable organization founded in 1991 by the former unaccompanied Cuban children. It was created to fulfill the Pledge of Thanksgiving given in 1990, in which we honor the sacrifice of our parents and this noble nation that welcomed us, and the person that made it all possible, Monsignor Bryan O. Walsh. We felt it was our duty to pay back the kindness by helping today's needy children. OPPG Inc. is a non-partisan, non-sectarian and non-profit organization, tax exempt under Section 501 C3 of the Internal Revenue Code. Monsignor Bryan O. Walsh was the Chairperson of the organization until his death on December 20th, 2001. Under his direction, in order to protect & to allow the public to identify the organization and its services we obtained the Registration of our Trademark by the United States Patent and Trademark Office, Department of Commerce on December 1993.

All the unaccompanied Cuban minors who were part of the exodus now popularly known as Operation Pedro Pan, call ourselves Pedro Pans. In 1962, the US government commissioned a documentary film created for the children who came to Miami, called The Lost Apple. The film named Cuban premier Fidel Castro as being responsible for the parents' non-appearance. According to Torres, then-Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy approved making the documentary as part of the US government’s campaign against Communism.[1]

On March 12, 1999, the United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, ruled in a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) suit filed by Prof. Maria de los Angeles Torres in 1998 that “evacuation of Cuban children turned out not to be a CIA operation at all” (see: http://www.leagle.com/decision/199999939FSupp2d960_1906) thus clearing the C.I.A. of charges alleging that it conceived and carried out the operation. This ruling was based in part on the court’s review of 733 pages of documentation provided to the Court by the C.I.A. and employed by the Court in reaching an earlier decision on December 15, 1998 that “nothing in this Court's review suggests any inappropriateness in the redactive process that has been followed by CIA.” (see: http://www.leagle.com/decision/199852629FSupp2d497_1459).

Aftermath[edit]

Amongst several famous "Peter Pans" is Florida Senator Mel Martinez. Also, Latin musician Willy Chirino, who has cultivated the Miami Sound, and his wife singer/songwriter Lissette Alvarez. Once adults, some of the participants created the charitable organization "Operation Pedro Pan Group" to help needy children and preserve the history of the Pedro Pan exodus. Ex-Miami-Dade County Circuit Judge Margarita Esquiroz came to Miami in 1962 as part of Pedro Pan.[2]

Culture[edit]

Carlos Eire describes his experiences in Operation Peter Pan in his memoir Waiting for Snow in Havana.

Yvonne M. Conde, also a Pedro Pan, conducted research and interviews and wrote a book titled "Operation Pedro Pan: The Untold Exodus of 14,048 Cuban Children".

Other Pedro Pans have attempted to weave their memoirs into a broader understanding of not only U.S.-Cuba relations but also Cuban Diaspora-Cuba relations. Román de la Campa's Cuba on My Mind: Journeys to a Severed Nation does this by exploring Cuba's two capitals, Havana and Miami, and the hybrid position of the "one-and-half-generation"[3] as well as by using the Elián González affair as a cipher for understanding how adults in both countries used children to achieve the broader ideological goals of the Cold War and how those goals are faring at the so-called "end of history".[4]

Ana Mendieta is another famous Pedro Pan refugee. She was placed in several institutions and foster homes in Iowa and returned to Cuba several times over the course of her short life to "rediscover" her cultural origins. During her visits, she established contacts with the "Volumen Uno" artists, created works in natural settings, and exhibited at the National Museum in Havana. Her work has also been showcased at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York and at the Hirshhorn, a Smithsonian Museum, in Washington DC amongst many other International museums. Some of this information was taken from an article titled "A Tree from Many Shores" published by Art Journal.

Christina Diaz Gonzalez wrote The Red Umbrella (Knopf Young Readers, 2010), a young-adult novel fictionalizing her mother's exile from Cuba as a teenager during Pedro Pan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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