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1
Visitors exploring Ordnance Factory Board
Visitors exploring Ordnance Factory Board's products at DefExpo
::2014/06/08::
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2
NEW 32 REVOLVER *MK 3 WEBLEY*INDIAN ORDINANCE FACTORY 2013
NEW 32 REVOLVER *MK 3 WEBLEY*INDIAN ORDINANCE FACTORY 2013
::2014/02/04::
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3
Ordnance Factory Board
Ordnance Factory Board's stall at DefExpo 2012
::2014/06/08::
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4
Machine gun 7.62 mm (MAG) 2A1 - Ordnance Factory Board
Machine gun 7.62 mm (MAG) 2A1 - Ordnance Factory Board
::2014/06/08::
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5
Indian Ordnance Factories is recruiting candidates as Chargeman Jobs 2014
Indian Ordnance Factories is recruiting candidates as Chargeman Jobs 2014
::2014/07/30::
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6
Ordnance Factory Board
Ordnance Factory Board's Yuktirath MkIII
::2014/06/08::
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7
ROCKET 68 mm PRACTICE - Ordnance Factory Board
ROCKET 68 mm PRACTICE - Ordnance Factory Board
::2014/06/08::
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8
1.Zameen (26 September 2003 (India)Defence-Ordnance Factory Khamaria. Stolen Weapons.
1.Zameen (26 September 2003 (India)Defence-Ordnance Factory Khamaria. Stolen Weapons.
::2013/09/19::
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9
ordnance factory -25july10 open cheating & setting goes on.mp4
ordnance factory -25july10 open cheating & setting goes on.mp4
::2010/07/26::
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10
Production of new Base Bleed 155mm ammunition starts at Pakistan Ordnance Factories - 12 April 2008
Production of new Base Bleed 155mm ammunition starts at Pakistan Ordnance Factories - 12 April 2008
::2011/04/28::
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11
Probationers of Indian Ordnance Factories Service calls-on the President 30-05-13
Probationers of Indian Ordnance Factories Service calls-on the President 30-05-13
::2013/05/31::
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12
StratPost | Introducing the Indian Bofors: Dhanush
StratPost | Introducing the Indian Bofors: Dhanush
::2014/02/10::
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13
Akash Missile*Akin to 2K12 Kub * SA-6 "Gainful"-NATO reporting name
Akash Missile*Akin to 2K12 Kub * SA-6 "Gainful"-NATO reporting name
::2014/07/18::
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14
INSAS rifle
INSAS rifle
::2014/10/10::
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15
Nirbheek
Nirbheek 'first handgun for women' exhibit on Ordnance Factory Day
::2014/03/20::
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16
Equipment of the Indian Army
Equipment of the Indian Army
::2014/08/02::
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17
Akash SAM test on May 28
Akash SAM test on May 28
::2014/06/21::
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18
Call Of Duty: Black Ops 2: LEGO MSMC
Call Of Duty: Black Ops 2: LEGO MSMC
::2013/04/19::
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19
OFB chairman hails FDI in Defence sector
OFB chairman hails FDI in Defence sector
::2014/10/30::
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20
INDIAN  ORDNANCE FACTORY,  NAGPUR  1572 VACANCIES
INDIAN ORDNANCE FACTORY, NAGPUR 1572 VACANCIES
::2014/07/11::
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21
Indian Ordnance Factories Group B Exam 2013
Indian Ordnance Factories Group B Exam 2013
::2013/09/01::
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22
POF-5  9mm Semi Auto Pistol Atlantic Firearms
POF-5 9mm Semi Auto Pistol Atlantic Firearms
::2014/05/16::
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23
2.Zameen (26 September 2003 (India)Defence-Ordnance Factory Khamaria. Stolen Weapons.
2.Zameen (26 September 2003 (India)Defence-Ordnance Factory Khamaria. Stolen Weapons.
::2013/09/19::
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24
Akash - Surface to air missile system
Akash - Surface to air missile system
::2012/07/17::
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25
Ordnance Factory Badmal  (Tujhe Bhula Diya) By Mashu [Maskal]
Ordnance Factory Badmal (Tujhe Bhula Diya) By Mashu [Maskal]
::2014/05/02::
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26
Bulletin # 2 - One killed, 3 Injured in Indian Ordnance Factory Blast May 18
Bulletin # 2 - One killed, 3 Injured in Indian Ordnance Factory Blast May 18 '10
::2010/05/18::
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27
MPV Runflat Wheel Assembly Testing by Ordnance Factory Medak
MPV Runflat Wheel Assembly Testing by Ordnance Factory Medak
::2014/07/21::
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28
ORDNANCE FACTORY TTD CELEBRATION
ORDNANCE FACTORY TTD CELEBRATION
::2013/07/09::
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29
Ananda Math Boys Club Sarbojonin Puja 2014,Ichhapure
Ananda Math Boys Club Sarbojonin Puja 2014,Ichhapure
::2014/10/03::
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Sainik School Bijapur -- Dr.M M Pallam Raju on ordnance factories in India
Sainik School Bijapur -- Dr.M M Pallam Raju on ordnance factories in India
::2013/04/16::
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31
Crossing Narmada river on the way to Jabalpur
Crossing Narmada river on the way to Jabalpur
::2014/03/28::
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32
Pakistan Ordnance Factories - POF
Pakistan Ordnance Factories - POF
::2011/02/22::
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33
Indian Marine Commandos - MARCOS training - Anniversaries 14 February.1987
Indian Marine Commandos - MARCOS training - Anniversaries 14 February.1987
::2013/04/21::
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Engine Factory Avadi is likely to fill up Lower Division Clerk , Durwans Jobs 2014
Engine Factory Avadi is likely to fill up Lower Division Clerk , Durwans Jobs 2014
::2014/07/15::
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Smooth traffic in Dehradun
Smooth traffic in Dehradun
::2014/02/18::
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Yuktirath MKIII
Yuktirath MKIII
::2014/06/08::
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THE F-INSAS PROGRAM OF INDIAN ARMY
THE F-INSAS PROGRAM OF INDIAN ARMY
::2010/03/05::
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38
Ordnance Factory Dehradun Recruitment 2013
Ordnance Factory Dehradun Recruitment 2013
::2013/12/05::
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indian ordinance
indian ordinance
::2008/05/20::
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40
Driving through streets of Dehradun
Driving through streets of Dehradun
::2014/02/18::
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Dehradun city, with twinkling lights, as seen from Landour
Dehradun city, with twinkling lights, as seen from Landour
::2014/04/14::
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Driving through Dehra dun can be a nightmare!
Driving through Dehra dun can be a nightmare!
::2014/02/19::
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Landour-Dehradun road
Landour-Dehradun road
::2014/04/14::
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Mortar Bombs and Calibre Explosive at Defexpo 2014
Mortar Bombs and Calibre Explosive at Defexpo 2014
::2014/02/12::
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FUNNY VIDEO...!!!!!  GANESH PANDAL AT ORDNANCE FACTORY MEDAK....VINAYAKA CHAVITHI CELEBRATIONS 2014
FUNNY VIDEO...!!!!! GANESH PANDAL AT ORDNANCE FACTORY MEDAK....VINAYAKA CHAVITHI CELEBRATIONS 2014
::2014/09/12::
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FISME-NSIC Def+Contract India 2011, 11 to 13 March 2011, Hyderabad (Technical Session)
FISME-NSIC Def+Contract India 2011, 11 to 13 March 2011, Hyderabad (Technical Session)
::2011/04/05::
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47
Obama announces presidential campaign * Feb  10, 2007
Obama announces presidential campaign * Feb 10, 2007
::2014/02/04::
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Afghanistan : A Zero Sum Game For India and Pakistan ? - Part 1 (15 April 2013)
Afghanistan : A Zero Sum Game For India and Pakistan ? - Part 1 (15 April 2013)
::2013/04/25::
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Kavach Mod - II, Chaff Rocket Launcher : Defexpo 2014
Kavach Mod - II, Chaff Rocket Launcher : Defexpo 2014
::2014/02/12::
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Watch: Spectacular LCA Tejas Flawless landing a Game Changer : Light Combat Aircraft
Watch: Spectacular LCA Tejas Flawless landing a Game Changer : Light Combat Aircraft
::2014/01/16::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Ordnance Factories Board
Type Government Organisation
Industry Defence
Founded 1775[1]
Headquarters Ayudh Bhawan, Kolkata
Area served Worldwide
Key people M. C. Bansal, IOFS
(Director General Ordnance Factories & Chairman, OFB)
Products Small arms, Aircraft weapons, Anti-aircraft warfare, Naval weapons, Anti-ship warfare, Anti-submarine warfare, Anti-tank warfare, Missiles, Missile launchers, Rockets, Rocket launchers, Bombs, Grenades, Mortars, Mines, Military vehicles, Engines, Armoured vehicles, Chemical warfare, Clothing, Artillery, Ammunition, Propellants, Explosives.
Revenue $2.7 billion (INR16,246 crores)
(2011-2012)[2][3]
Employees ~164,000[4]
Website ofb.gov.in

Ordnance Factories Board (OFB), consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories (Hindi: भारतीय आयुध निर्माणियाँ), is an industrial organisation, functioning under the Department of Defence Production of Ministry of Defence, Government of India. It is engaged in research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a comprehensive product range in the areas of land, air and sea systems. OFB consists of forty-one Ordnance Factories, nine Training Institutes, three Regional Marketing Centres and four Regional Controllerates of Safety, which are spread all across the country.[5][6]

OFB is the world's largest government operated production organisation,[7] and the oldest industrial organisation run by the Government of India.[8][9] It has a total workforce of about 164,000.[10] It is often called the "Fourth Arm of Defence",[11][12][13] and the "Force Behind the Armed Forces" of India.[14][15] It is amongst the top 50 defence equipment manufacturers in the world.[16][17] Its total sales were at $2.7 billion (INR16,246 crores) in 2011-12. Every year, 18th March is celebrated as the Ordnance Factories' Day in India.[18][19]

History[edit]

Beginning

The history and development of the Indian Ordnance Factories is directly linked with the British reign in India. The East India Company considered military hardware to be a vital element for securing their economic interest in India and increasing their political power. In 1775, the British authorities accepted the establishment of the Board of Ordnance at Fort William, Calcutta. This marks the official beginning of the Army Ordnance in India.

In 1787, a gunpowder factory was established at Ichapore; it began production in 1791, and the site was later used as a rifle factory, beginning in 1904. In 1801, Gun Carriage Agency (now known as Gun & Shell Factory, Cossipore) was established at Cossipore, Calcutta, and production began on 18 March 1802. This is the oldest ordnance factory in India still in existence.[20]

Growth

The growth of the Ordnance Factories Board leading to its present setup has been continuous but sporadic. There were eighteen ordnance factories before India became independent in 1947 and twenty-three factories have been established after independence, mostly in the wake of defence preparedness imperatives brought about by the three major wars fought by the Indian Armed Forces.

Main Events
  • 1801 - Establishment of Gun Carriage Agency at Cossipore, Kolkata.
  • 1802 - Production begins at Cossipore on 18 March.
  • 1906 - The Administration of Indian Ordnance Factories comes under a separate charge as "IG of Ordnance Factories".
  • 1933 - Charged to "Director of Ordnance Factories".
  • 1948 - Placed under direct control of Ministry of Defence.
  • 1962 - Department of Defence Production was set up at Ministry of Defence.
  • 1979 - Ordnance Factories Board is established on 2 April.

Infrastructure and leadership[edit]

Armoured Vehicles Headquarters (AVHQ), Chennai

Headquarters[edit]

  • Armoured Vehicles Headquarters, Chennai (AVHQ)
  • Ordnance Equipment Factories Headquarters, Kanpur (OEFHQ)
  • Ordnance Factory Cell, New Delhi (OFBDEL)
  • Ordnance Factory Board, Kolkata (OFBHQ)
  • Ordnance Factory Cell, Mumbai (OFBMUM)
  • Ordnance Factories Recruitment Board, Nagpur (OFRB)

Apex Board[edit]

The Apex Board is headed by the Director General of Ordnance Factories (DGOF), who acts as the Chairman of the Board (ex officio Secretary to Government of India) and consists of nine other Members, who each hold the rank of Additional DGOF. Ordnance Factories are divided into 5 operating divisions, depending upon the type of the main products/technologies employed. These are :

  • Ammunition and Explosives (A&E)
  • Weapons, Vehicles & Equipment (WV&E)
  • Materials and Components (M&C)
  • Armoured Vehicles (AV)
  • Ordnance Equipment Group of Factories (OEF)

Each of the above group of factories is headed by a Member/Additional DGOF. The four remaining Members are responsible for staff functions, viz Personnel (Per), Finance (Fin), Planning & Material Management (P&MM), Technical Services (TS) and they operate from Kolkata.

Ordnance Factories[edit]

Ordnance Factory Medak's Gate No.1 security checkpost at night
Ordnance Factory Varangaon's Admin block's security checkpost

Each Ordnance Factory is headed by a General Manager who is in the rank of Additional Secretary to Government of India.

Training Institutes[edit]

NADP Nagpur on the valedictory function of IOFS-2010 batch
  • National Academy of Defence Production, Nagpur (NADP)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Ambajhari, Nagpur (OFILAJ)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Ambernath, Mumbai (OFILAM)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Avadi, Chennai (OFILAV)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Dehradun (OFILDD)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Ishapore, Kolkata (OFILIS)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning Khamaria, Jabalpur (OFILKH)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning, Kanpur (OFILKN)
  • Ordnance Factories Institute of Learning, Medak (OFILMK)

Each OFIL is headed by a Principal Director, and NADP by a Senior Principal Director. NADP provides training to Group A officers, whilst the other eight institutes impart training to Group B and Group C employees of the ordnance factories.

Regional Marketing Centres[edit]

  • Regional Marketing Centre, Avadi, Chennai (RMCAV)
  • Regional Marketing Centre, Delhi (RMCDL)
  • Regional Marketing Centre, Pune (RMCPU)

Each Regional Marketing Centre is headed by a Regional Director.

Regional Controllerates of Safety[edit]

  • Regional Controllerate of Safety Ambajhari, Nagpur (RCSAJ)
  • Regional Controllerate of Safety Avadi, Chennai (RCSAV)
  • Regional Controllerate of Safety, Kanpur (RCSKN)
  • Regional Controllerate of Safety, Pune (RCSPU)

Each Regional Controllerate of Safety is headed by a Regional Controller of Safety.

Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)[edit]

The Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) (Hindi: भारतीय आयुध निर्माणी सेवा) is a civil service of the Government of India. IOFS officers are Gazetted (Group A) defence-civilian officers under the Ministry of Defence. IOFS is a multi-disciplinary composite cadre consisting of technical - engineers (Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics), technologists (Chemical, Metallurgical, Textile, Leather) and non-technical/administrative (Science, Law, Commerce, Management and Arts graduates). Technical posts comprise about 87% of the total cadre. The doctors (Surgeons and Physicians) serving in OFB belong to a separate service known as the Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS). IOFHS officers are responsible for the maintenance of health of the employees, and the hospitals of OFB. They report directly to the IOFS officers. IOFS and IOFHS are the only two civil services under the Department of Defence Production.[21]

Recruitment

The recruitment in the Indian Ordnance Factories as a Group A officer is done by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) based on the performance in the rigorous and prestigious Engineering Services Examination (ESE) and the Civil Services Examination (CSE).[22] Engineering posts are filled through the Engineering Services Examination, while technologists are selected through interviews by UPSC. Posts in the non technical streams are filled through the Civil Services Examination. IOFS is the only cadre in which candidates are selected by all four means - CSE, ESE, interviews and promotions. IOFHS officers are selected through the Combined Medical Services Examination, conducted by UPSC.[23][24][25] All appointments to the Group A Civil Services are made by the President of India.[26]

Hierarchy (Group A)
Grade Designation in the field Designation in Headquarters Pay Scale
Junior Time Scale Assistant Works Manager Assistant Director INR15,600-INR39,100 plus grade pay of INR5400
Senior Time Scale Works Manager Deputy Director INR15,600-INR39,100 plus grade pay of INR6600
Senior Time Scale (Non Functional) Deputy General Manager Joint Director INR15,600-INR39,100 plus grade pay of INR7600
Junior Administrative Grade (Functional) Joint General Manager Director INR37,400-INR67,000 plus grade pay of INR8700
Senior Administrative Grade Addl. GM / General Manager / Principal Director / Regional Director / Regional Controller of Safety Deputy Director General INR37,400-INR67,000 plus grade pay of INR10000
Higher Administrative Grade Senior General Manager / Senior Principal Director Senior Deputy Director General INR67,000-INR79,000 plus grade pay-Nil
Higher Administrative Grade (+) Nil Addl. Director General & Member of the Board INR75,500-INR80,000 plus grade pay -Nil
Apex Scale Nil Director General Ordnance Factories (DGOF) & Chairman of the Ordnance Factories Board INR80,000 (fixed) plus grade pay-Nil[27]

Products[edit]

The type of ordnance material produced is very diverse, ranging from various small arms to missiles, rockets, bombs, grenades, military vehicles, armoured vehicles, chemicals, optical devices, parachutes, mortars, artillery pieces plus all associated ammunition, propellants, explosives and fuzes.[28]

Products available to civilians[edit]

Civilians are required to hold Arms License (issued only for non-prohibited bore category weapons) in order to buy firearms in India. The following products of the Indian Ordnance Factories Board are available for civilians:

Arms[edit]

Ammunition[edit]

  • Cartridge Rimfire .22" Ball
  • Cartridge SA .32" Revolver
  • Cartridge SA .315" and 30 06 Ball
  • Cartridge SA 12 Bore 70mm
  • Cartridge SA 12 Bore 65mm Special

Products not available to civilians[edit]

These products are exclusively manufactured for use by the armed forces and are not sold to the civilians.

Small arms
Pistol Auto 9mm 1A, manufactured by RFI 
38mm Multi Shell launcher (UGRA) 
INSAS Light Machine Gun 
84mm Shoulder-fired Rocket Launcher / Recoilless Gun 
Ammunition
Medium & Large Caliber Ammunition 
Mortar Bombs 
Large Caliber Ammunition 


Artillery
Pinaka rockets manufactured by OFAJ 
Indian Army's 155mm artillery gun 
Smerch rockets to be produced at OFAJ 
General Staff and Logistics Vehicles
Matang was completely developed and manufactured by VFJ. 
Petrol Jonga was manufactured by VFJ until 1999. 
Jonga Re-Engineered with a Diesel engine was introduced in 1999. 
Shaktiman's production was stopped in 1997. 
Flyer ITV was manufactured in collaboration with Marvin Group, USA, but could not be productionised. 
Vahan 1 Ton 
LPTA 713, now being replaced by LPTA 715. 
Stallion Mark I, now being replaced by Stallion Mark IV. 
Specialist role Vehicles
India's first 3-way tipper was built on the Shaktiman platform. 
Field Artillery Tractor on Shaktiman's chassis 
2000 Litres Water Bowser on LPTA 
5000 Litres Water Bowser on Stallion 
Caravan for Army 
Light Recovery Vehicle on Stallion 
Field Ambulance on LPTA 
Kitchen Container on Stallion 
Armoured Vehicles and Engines
Arjun Mark-II 
Bhishma of the Indian Army built at HVF Avadi 
Ajeya of the Indian Army built by HVF 
Arjun MBT Mark-I, manufactured by HVF Avadi 
Ex Tank 
Bhishma's engine at Engine Factory Avadi 
Vijayanta MBT was India's first indigenous tank built by HVF 
Sarath Infantry Comat Vehicle 
Missile Launchers
Akash Missile launcher based on Ajeya's chassis 
Akash Missile Launcher on Sarath platform 
Namica (NAg MIssile CArrier) with Nag Anti Tank Guided Missile 
Aircraft Weapons
IAF Su-30MKI's armaments, parachutes for pilot's seat and aircraft brake 
Indian Army Dhruv's armament 
IAF Hind Akbar's armament such as Gsh-30k gun and loadable bombs 
Tejas uses armaments such as 23 mm Ghasha Aviation Gun 
Naval Weapons
INS Delhi's armaments 
INS Mysore's armaments such as AK-630 guns 
INS Shivalik's weaponry 

Customers[edit]

Armed Forces

The prime customers of Indian Ordnance Factories are the Indian Armed Forces viz. Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard and Indian Air Force.[29][30] Apart from supplying armaments to the Armed Forces, Ordnance Factories also meet the requirements of other customers viz. the Central Armed Police Forces, State Armed Police Forces, Paramilitary Forces of India and the Special Forces of India in respect of arms, ammunition, clothing, bullet proof vehicles, mine protected vehicles etc.[31][32]

Civil Trade

Customers in the civil sector - central / state government organisations and departments such as Indian Railways, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, Aeronautical Development Agency, Department of Telecommunications, various State Electricity Boards.[33][34][35][36] PSUs such as HMT Limited, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Bharat Dynamics Limited,[37] private companies and individuals etc. who purchase industrial chemicals, explosives, arms, ammunition, brass ingots, aluminium alloy products for aircraft, steel castings and forgings, vehicles, clothing and leather goods, cables and opto-electronic instruments.[38]

Exports

Arms and Ammunition, Weapon Spares, Chemicals & Explosives, Parachutes, Leather and Clothing items are being exported to more than 30 countries world-wide.

Criticism[edit]

Despite of highly skilled manpower, latest technologies and huge investments, the Ordnance Factories and their management have often been criticised for their inefficiency,[42] delay in supplies,[43][44][45] obsolete and substandard products of much higher costs than those manufactured by their foreign competitors,[46] corruption at all levels including top management[47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55] and a small volume of exports. The ministerial and bureaucratic hassles, lack of decision making and accountability of the people concerned are often blamed. To counter the above, talks were held in the past to privatise the Ordnance Factories[56][57] after witnessing the turnaround of other Indian companies which were converted into PSUs, but the Ministry of Defence has always ruled out such a possibility[58][59] since the Ordnance Factories are the backbone of the Indian Armed Forces[60][61] and should be controlled solely by the Government of India. Efforts are now being made by the Ordnance Factories to run the factories at their full capacities, employ and train skilled manpower, efficient usage of the available resources, update and induct new products, provide more sophisticated products, increase and diversify product categories, supply them to the forces on time, stringent quality assurance, JV with foreign and other domestic manufacturers and to increase their overseas presence and exports.[19][62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71][72]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Indian Ordnance Factories: History". Ofb.gov.in. 1 April 1999. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  2. ^ http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/production/Top100
  3. ^ "Antony reviews Ordnance Factory Board work". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2012-04-17. 
  4. ^ http://www.idsa-india.org/an-apr-7.html
  5. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/index.php?wh=ourunits&lang=en#ofbmap
  6. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/index.php?wh=inbrief&lang=en
  7. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/Factories+of+graft/1/47422.html
  8. ^ "Ministry of Defence, Govt of India". Mod.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  9. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/india/of.htm
  10. ^ http://www.idsa-india.org/an-apr-7.html
  11. ^ "Two Centuries of Guns and Shells". Mod.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  12. ^ http://www.indiadefence.com/OFB.htm
  13. ^ http://ofbgcf.nic.in/default.html
  14. ^ "Indian Ordnance Factories: About Us". Ofb.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  15. ^ http://hal-india.com/othermod.asp
  16. ^ http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/production/Top100
  17. ^ IANS (27 February 2012). "Three Indian entities - HAL, BEL and OFB among world's top 100 arms manufacturers - Economic Times". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  18. ^ http://www.thehitavada.com/news-details/vfj-celebrates-212th-ordnance-factory-day
  19. ^ a b Our Bureau. "Business Line : Industry & Economy News : Ordnance Factory to invest Rs 15,000 cr for modernisation". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  20. ^ "Indian Ordnance Factories: Gun and Shell Factory". Ofb.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  21. ^ http://www.persmin.nic.in/DOPT/CSWing/CRDivision/Mail%20List%20of%20Secretaries.htm
  22. ^ "Indian Ordnance Factories: Recruitment Rules". Ofb.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  23. ^ http://india.gov.in/people-groups/community/job-seekers/union-public-service-commission
  24. ^ "UPSC announces CMSE 2010 results". The Times Of India. 2010-09-03. 
  25. ^ http://www.upsconline.nic.in/ora/candidate/Detail.php?name=13070910113%20&%20post=516&%20case=289&id=1
  26. ^ http://presidentofindia.nic.in/pr300513-2.html
  27. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/index.php?wh=payband&lang=en
  28. ^ "Indian Ordnance Factories: Products". Ofb.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  29. ^ http://indiannavy.nic.in/book/weapons?page=0,5
  30. ^ http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Air-Launched-Weapons/Indian-general-purpose-bombs-India.html
  31. ^ "Indian Ordnance Factories: OFB in Brief". Ofb.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  32. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/units/index.php?unit=saf&page=my_6&lang=en
  33. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/units/index.php?unit=gif&page=about&lang=en
  34. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/units/index.php?unit=ofaj&page=about&lang=en
  35. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/units/index.php?unit=ocfc&page=about&lang=en
  36. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/units/index.php?unit=ofi&page=my_2&lang=en
  37. ^ http://ofbindia.gov.in/units/index.php?unit=happ&page=my_0&lang=en
  38. ^ a b "Indian Ordnance Factories: Customers". Ofb.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  39. ^ Pratim Ranjan Bose (29 September 2011). "Business Line : OTHERS / EDITORIAL FEATURE : We're making Ordnance factories future ready, says OFB Chairman Dimri". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  40. ^ http://in.news.yahoo.com/indian-defence-exports-valued-rs-997-crore-112631667.html
  41. ^ http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/html/export_toplist.php
  42. ^ "The Reality of Defence Procurement | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses". Idsa.in. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  43. ^ "Defence News - Three Service Chiefs To Address Parliament". Defencenews.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
  44. ^ "Sluggish defence acquisition: A case study of Artillery Gun procurement : Prabhakar Gupta". Defenceinfo.com. 5 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-17. 
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