Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
oriental magpie robin   song
oriental magpie robin song
Published: 2014/11/27
Channel: Sam Abdul
Magpie Robin singing beautiful song
Magpie Robin singing beautiful song
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: View Tag
Oriental Magpie Robin Calling & Close up - Punakha, Bhutan
Oriental Magpie Robin Calling & Close up - Punakha, Bhutan
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: Alumnitrek
鵲鴝 Oriental Magpie Robin
鵲鴝 Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2015/07/19
Channel: 香港野生雀鳥系列 Wild Birds of Hong Kong
Oriental Magpie Robin - Bird Sound
Oriental Magpie Robin - Bird Sound
Published: 2014/04/20
Channel: View Tag
Beautiful robin eating insect - Oriental Magpie-Robin ( Copsychus Saularis )
Beautiful robin eating insect - Oriental Magpie-Robin ( Copsychus Saularis )
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: LetUsWatchAnimals
Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis) catch prey Other Birds try to looting 2
Oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis) catch prey Other Birds try to looting 2
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Shirishkumar Patil
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2013/06/05
Channel: Vijay Cavale
[ Top] Bẫy chòe than hay nhất #  Oriental Magpie Robin trap
[ Top] Bẫy chòe than hay nhất # Oriental Magpie Robin trap
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: Saigon Bird Singer [SBS]
20170805 鵲鴝  Oriental magpie robin
20170805 鵲鴝 Oriental magpie robin
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: Jade Cheng
Oriental Magpie Robin - Symbol of Luck
Oriental Magpie Robin - Symbol of Luck
Published: 2010/03/07
Channel: videosvibes
Oriental Magpie Robin Female - Close up Video part.1
Oriental Magpie Robin Female - Close up Video part.1
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Jerubahl
Copsychus saularis -  Oriental Magpie Robin birds singing-dancing - Oriental Magpie-Robin is tamed
Copsychus saularis - Oriental Magpie Robin birds singing-dancing - Oriental Magpie-Robin is tamed
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Yêu Thú Cưng
Magpie Robin singing 01
Magpie Robin singing 01
Published: 2009/06/28
Channel: Donald G.H Tan
Oriental Magpie Robin, female
Oriental Magpie Robin, female
Published: 2014/04/27
Channel: Lena Chow
Song or Call of Juvenile Oriental Magpie Robin
Song or Call of Juvenile Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Vikas Sharma
1, 2, .. 3...  Oriental Magpie Robin singing at my garden
1, 2, .. 3... Oriental Magpie Robin singing at my garden
Published: 2015/06/06
Channel: View Tag
Oriental Magpie Robin - Birds mating ❤❤❤
Oriental Magpie Robin - Birds mating ❤❤❤
Published: 2014/06/18
Channel: View Tag
Oriental Magpie-Robin (Male)
Oriental Magpie-Robin (Male)
Published: 2013/01/09
Channel: prakash manjrekar
Birdsong 2016:  A bird singing great gurgling - Oriental Magpie Robin birds
Birdsong 2016: A bird singing great gurgling - Oriental Magpie Robin birds
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Video Abraham
Female Oriental magpie-robin song - Cebu Philippines
Female Oriental magpie-robin song - Cebu Philippines
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: Duffy Romerica
Oriental Magpie-Robin fight
Oriental Magpie-Robin fight
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: Phuc Dang Tran
Oriental Magpie Robin, Dajal indyjski  "Copsychus saularis"
Oriental Magpie Robin, Dajal indyjski "Copsychus saularis"
Published: 2011/07/01
Channel: Reemcoo
The Beautiful Songs Of An Oriental Magpie Robin
The Beautiful Songs Of An Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2011/06/21
Channel: sunch28
Than mái hót kích trống Oriental Magpie Robin Female
Than mái hót kích trống Oriental Magpie Robin Female
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: Nguyễn Viết Trung - Relax Chanel
Magpie robin bird facts sing
Magpie robin bird facts sing
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: Soveaddh
Oriental Magpie Robin Nesting in earthen pot.
Oriental Magpie Robin Nesting in earthen pot.
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: seema somalwar
Oriental Magpie Robin - Asian Magpie -  (My holiday videos)
Oriental Magpie Robin - Asian Magpie - (My holiday videos)
Published: 2010/01/22
Channel: Menora James
Dayallijster / Oriental Magpie Robin /  Copsychus saularis in Kalasin, Thailand
Dayallijster / Oriental Magpie Robin / Copsychus saularis in Kalasin, Thailand
Published: 2013/03/16
Channel: IsaanHippo
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2012/03/03
Channel: prakash manjrekar
鵲鴝 幼鳥 Oriental Magpie Robin 02
鵲鴝 幼鳥 Oriental Magpie Robin 02
Published: 2010/08/09
Channel: cslpaul
Oriental Magpie Robin Singing
Oriental Magpie Robin Singing
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: D Ramanand Rao
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2009/07/11
Channel: Cheong Weng Chun
Oriental Magpie Robin | Bathing | Tadoba
Oriental Magpie Robin | Bathing | Tadoba
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: DiscoverWildIndia
Oriental Magpie-Robin(Copsychus saularis) female collecting things for nest building
Oriental Magpie-Robin(Copsychus saularis) female collecting things for nest building
Published: 2014/05/04
Channel: Jerubahl
The Oriental Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis) singing
The Oriental Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis) singing
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: Naturelover
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: Kicau Mania Anggana
Oriental Magpie-Robin and Red-whiskered Bulbul Singing
Oriental Magpie-Robin and Red-whiskered Bulbul Singing
Published: 2013/04/27
Channel: drr20008
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin's Son
Published: 2011/08/01
Channel: nongleknonglek
Oriental Magpie-Robin collecting food from ground
Oriental Magpie-Robin collecting food from ground
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: LetUsWatchAnimals
Oriental Magpie Robin - Valparai
Oriental Magpie Robin - Valparai
Published: 2009/11/14
Channel: Jawa2lak
Oriental Magpie-Robin Singing! Singapore Botanical Garden.
Oriental Magpie-Robin Singing! Singapore Botanical Garden.
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: 13seaeagle
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2009/12/29
Channel: Paul Hindess
Beautiful Song of an Oriental Magpie Robin
Beautiful Song of an Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2011/03/20
Channel: James Shum
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2007/04/12
Channel: Uma K
Oriental magpie-robin
Oriental magpie-robin
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: ConceptsVid
Oriental magpie robin female making nest
Oriental magpie robin female making nest
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Mohit
Oriental Magpie Robin going crazy!
Oriental Magpie Robin going crazy!
Published: 2011/04/24
Channel: surajit koley
Copsychus saularis, oriental magpie-robin (female)
Copsychus saularis, oriental magpie-robin (female)
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Rushen Bilgin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Oriental Magpie Robin
Published: 2011/05/29
Channel: Nozer Kasad
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Oriental Magpie-Robin)
Jump to: navigation, search
Oriental magpie-robin
Male Female Oriental Magpie Robin Photograph By Shantanu Kuveskar.jpg
Male (left) and female (India)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Muscicapidae
Genus: Copsychus
Species: C. saularis
Binomial name
Copsychus saularis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The oriental magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis) is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but now considered an Old World flycatcher. They are distinctive black and white birds with a long tail that is held upright as they forage on the ground or perch conspicuously. Occurring across most of the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia, they are common birds in urban gardens as well as forests. They are particularly well known for their songs and were once popular as cagebirds. The oriental magpie-robin is the national bird of Bangladesh.

Description[edit]

Female of the nominate race (India)

This species is 19 centimetres (7.5 in) long, including the long tail, which is usually held cocked upright. It is similar in shape to the smaller European robin, but is longer-tailed. The male has black upperparts, head and throat apart from a white shoulder patch. The underparts and the sides of the long tail are white. Females are greyish black above and greyish white. Young birds have scaly brown upperparts and head. It is the national bird of Bangladesh.

The nominate race is found on the Indian subcontinent and the females of this race are the palest. The females of the Andamans race andamanensis are darker, heavier-billed and shorter-tailed. The Sri Lankan race ceylonensis (formerly included the Peninsular Indian populations south of the Kaveri River[2]) and southern nominate individuals have the females nearly identical to the males in shade. The eastern populations (Bhutan and Bangladesh) have more black on the tail and were formerly named erimelas.[3] The populations in Burma and further south are named as race musicus.[4] A number of other races have been named across the range including prosthopellus (Hong Kong), nesiotes, zacnecus, nesiarchus, masculus, pagiensis, javensis, problematicus, amoenus, adamsi, pluto, deuteronymus and mindanensis.[5] However many of these are not well marked and the status of some are disputed.[6] Some like mindanensis have been now been recognized usually as full species (Philippine magpie-robin).[7] There is more geographic variation in the plumage of females than in that of the males.[8]

It is mostly seen close to the ground, hopping along branches or foraging in leaf-litter on the ground with a cocked tail. Males sing loudly from the top of trees or other high perches during the breeding season.[3]

Etymology[edit]

Illustration from John Ray's Synopsis methodicam avium & piscium (1713)

The Indian name of dhyal or dhayal has led to many confusions. It was first used by Eleazar Albin ("dialbird") in 1737 (Suppl. N. H. Birds, i. p. 17, pls. xvii. xviii.), and Levaillant (Ois. d'Afr. iii. p. 50) thought it referred to a sun dial and he called it Cadran. Thomas C. Jerdon wrote (B. India, ii. p. 1l6) that Linnaeus,[9] thinking it had some connection with a sun-dial, called it solaris, by lapsus pennae, saularis. This was however identified by Edward Blyth as an incorrect interpretation and that it was a Latinization of the Hindi word saulary which means a "hundred songs". A male bird was sent with this Hindi name from Madras by surgeon Edward Buckley to James Petiver, who first described the species (Ray, Synops. Meth. Avium, p. 197).[10][11]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This magpie-robin is a resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from Bangladesh, interior India, Sri Lanka and eastern Pakistan east to Indonesia, Thailand, south China, Malaysia, and Singapore.[3] They have been introduced to Australia.[12]

The oriental magpie-robin is found in open woodland and cultivated areas often close to human habitations.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

Egg, Collection Museum Wiesbaden

Magpie robins breed mainly from March to July in India and January to June in south-east Asia. Males sing from high perches during courtship. The display of the male involves puffing up the feathers, raising the bill, fanning the tail and strutting.[2] They nest in tree hollows or niches in walls or building, often adopting nest boxes. They line the cavity with grass. The female is involved in most of the nest building, which happens about a week before the eggs are laid. Four or five eggs are laid at intervals of 24 hours and these are oval and usually pale blue green with brownish speckles that match the color of hay. The eggs are incubated by the female alone for 8 to 14 days.[13][14] The nests are said to have a characteristic odour.[15]

Juvenile with scaly markings (Sri Lanka)

Females spend more effort on feeding the young than males. Males are quite aggressive in the breeding season and will defend their territory.[16] and respond to the singing of intruders and even their reflections.[17] Males spend more time on nest defense.[18] Studies of the bird song show dialects[19] with neighbours varying in their songs. The calls of many other species may be imitated as part of their song.[20][21] This may indicate that birds disperse and are not philopatric.[22] Females may sing briefly in the presence of a male.[23] Apart from their song, they use a range of calls including territorial calls, emergence and roosting calls, threat calls, submissive calls, begging calls and distress calls.[24] The typical mobbing calls is a harsh hissing krshhh.[2][3][25]

The diet of magpie robins includes mainly insects and other invertebrates. Although mainly insectivorous, they are known to occasionally take flower nectar, geckos,[26][27] leeches,[28] centipedes[29] and even fish.[30]

They are often active late at dusk.[3] They sometimes bathe in rainwater collected on the leaves of a tree.[31]

Status[edit]

This species is considered as one of "little concern" globally but in some areas the species is on the decline.

In Singapore and Hong Kong (Malay names Murai Kampung/cacing) they were common in the 1920s, but declined in the 1970s, presumably due to competition from introduced common mynas,[32] Poaching for the pet bird trade and habitat changes have also affected them and they are locally protected by law.[33]

This species has few avian predators. Several pathogens and parasites have been reported. Avian malaria parasites have been isolated from the species[34] while H4N3[35] and H5N1 infection has been noted in a few cases.[36] Parasitic nematodes of the eye have been described[37]

In culture[edit]

Doyel Chatwar, Dhaka

Magpie robins were widely kept as cagebirds for their singing abilities and for fighting in India in the past.[38] They continue to be in the pet trade in parts of Southeast Asia.

The magpie robin is the national bird of Bangladesh, where it is common and known as the doyel or doel (Bengali: দোয়েল). It is a widely used symbol in Bangladesh, appearing on currency notes, and a landmark in the city of Dhaka is named as the Doyel Chatwar (meaning: Doyel Square).

In Sri Lanka this bird is called Polkichcha.[39]


References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Copsychus saularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Ali, S & S D Ripley (1997). Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan. 8 (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 243–247. ISBN 0-19-562063-1. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Rasmussen PC & JC Anderton (2005). Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Volume 2. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions. p. 395. 
  4. ^ Baker, ECS (1921). "Handlist of the birds of the Indian empire". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 27 (4): 87–88. 
  5. ^ Ripley, S D (1952). "The thrushes". Postilla. 13: 1–48. 
  6. ^ Hoogerwerf, A (1965). "Notes on the taxonomy of Copsychus saularis with special reference to the subspecies amoenus and javensis" (PDF). Ardea. 53: 32–37. 
  7. ^ Sheldon FH, Lohman DH, Lim HC, Zou F, Goodman SM, Prawiradilaga DM, Winker K, Braile TM, Moyle RG (2009). "Phylogeography of the magpie-robin species complex (Aves: Turdidae: Copsychus) reveals a Philippine species, an interesting isolating barrier and unusual dispersal patterns in the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 36 (6): 1070–1083. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02087.x. 
  8. ^ Baker, ECS (1924). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Birds. 2 (2nd ed.). Taylor and Francis, London. pp. 112–116. 
  9. ^ Linnaeus, Carolus (1760). Systema naturae. 
  10. ^ Blyth E. (1867). "The Ornithology of India. - A commentary on Dr. Jerdon's 'Birds of India'". Ibis. 3 (9): 1–48. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1867.tb06417.x. 
  11. ^ Newton, Alfred (1893–1896). A Dictionary of Birds. Adam & Charles Black, London. p. 133. 
  12. ^ "Inventory of exotic (non-native) bird species known to be in Australia" (PDF). 2007. 
  13. ^ Pillai, NG (1956). "Incubation period and 'mortality rate' in a brood of the Magpie-Robin [Copsychus saularis (Linn.)]". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54 (1): 182–183. 
  14. ^ Hume, AO (1890). The nests and eggs of Indian birds. 2 (2nd ed.). R H Porter, London. pp. 80–85. 
  15. ^ Siddique, Yasir Hasan (2008). "Breeding Behavior of Copsychus saularis in Indian-Sub-Continent: A Personal Experience" (PDF). International Journal of Zoological Research. 4 (2): 135–137. doi:10.3923/ijzr.2008.135.137. 
  16. ^ Narayanan E. (1984). "Behavioural response of a male Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis Sclater) to its own song". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81 (1): 199–200. 
  17. ^ Cholmondeley, EC (1906). "Note on the Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis)". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17 (1): 247. 
  18. ^ Sethi, Vinaya Kumar; Bhatt, Dinesh (2007). "Provisioning of young by the Oriental Magpie-robin". The Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 119 (3): 356–360. doi:10.1676/06-105.1. 
  19. ^ Aniroot Dunmak & Narit Sitasuwan (2007). "Song Dialect of Oriental Magpie-robin (Copsychus saularis) in Northern Thailand" (PDF). The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University. 7 (2): 145–153. 
  20. ^ Neelakantan, KK (1954). "The secondary song of birds". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 52 (3): 615–620. 
  21. ^ Law, SC (1922). "Is the Dhayal Copsychus saularis a mimic?". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 28 (4): 1133. 
  22. ^ Bhattacharya, H.; J. Cirillo; B.R. Subba & D. Todt (2007). "Song Performance Rules in the Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus salauris)" (PDF). Our Nature. 5: 1–13. doi:10.3126/on.v5i1.791. 
  23. ^ Kumar, Anil & Dinesh Bhatt () Characteristics and significance of song in female Oriental Magpie-Robin, Copysychus saularis. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 99(1):54-58
  24. ^ Kumar, A. & Bhatt, D. (2001). "Characteristics and significance of calls in Oriental magpie robin" (PDF). Curr. Sci. 80: 77–82. 
  25. ^ Bonnell, B (1934). "Notes on the habits of the Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis saularis Linn". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 37 (3): 729–730. 
  26. ^ Sumithran, Stephen (1982). "Magpie-Robin feeding on geckos". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79 (3): 671. 
  27. ^ Saxena, Rajiv (1998). "Geckos as food of Magpie Robin". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 95 (2): 347. 
  28. ^ Karthikeyan, S (1992). "Magpie Robin preying on a leech". Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 32 (3&4): 10. 
  29. ^ Kalita, Simanta Kumar (2000). "Competition for food between a Garden Lizard Calotes versicolor (Daudin) and a Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis Linn". 97 (3): 431. 
  30. ^ Sharma, Satish Kumar (1996). "Attempts of female Magpie Robin to catch a fish". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 93 (3): 586. 
  31. ^ Donahue, Julian P (1962). "The unusual bath of a Lorikeet [Loriculus vernalis (Sparrman)] and a Magpie-Robin [Copsychus saularis (Linn.)]". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 59 (2): 654. 
  32. ^ Huong SL & Sodhi NS (1997). "Status of the Oriental Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis in Singapore". Malay Nat. J. 50: 347–354. 
  33. ^ Yap, Charlotte A. M. & Navjot S. Sodhi (2004). "Southeast Asian invasive birds: ecology, impact and management". Ornithological Science. 3: 57–67. doi:10.2326/osj.3.57. 
  34. ^ Ogaki, M. (1949). "Bird Malaria Parasites Found in Malay Peninsula". Am. J. Trop. Med. 29 (4): 459–462. 
  35. ^ Dennis J. Alexander (1992). Avian Influenza in the Eastern Hemisphere 1986-1992. Avian Diseases 47. Special Issue. Third International Symposium on Avian Influenza. 1992 Proceedings. pp. 7–19. 
  36. ^ Quarterly Epidemiology Report Jan-Mar 2006 (PDF). Hong Kong Government. 2006. 
  37. ^ Sultana, Ameer (1961). "A Known and a New Filariid from Indian Birds". The Journal of Parasitology. The American Society of Parasitologists. 47 (5): 713–714. doi:10.2307/3275453. JSTOR 3275453. PMID 13918345. 
  38. ^ Law, Satya Churn (1923). Pet birds of Bengal. Thacker, Spink & Co. 
  39. ^ Anonymous (1998). "Vernacular Names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent" (PDF). Buceros. 3 (1): 53–109. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Mehrotra, P. N. 1982. Morphophysiology of the cloacal protuberance in the male Copsychus saularis (L.) (Aves, Passeriformes). Science and Culture 48:244–246.

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license