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08.09.2017 7-TONNALI OSH O
08.09.2017 7-TONNALI OSH O'ZBEGIM TADBIRI!
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: ZEBRA TV
UZBEKISTONDA REKORD QOYILGAN OSH / PLOV TAYORLANDI
UZBEKISTONDA REKORD QOYILGAN OSH / PLOV TAYORLANDI
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Navi Studio
Osh tayyorlash (ош, палов тайёрлаш)
Osh tayyorlash (ош, палов тайёрлаш)
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: hozircha shu
How to make the Greatest Uzbek Palov (Pilaf, Plov, Osh) [HD] Extended Version
How to make the Greatest Uzbek Palov (Pilaf, Plov, Osh) [HD] Extended Version
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Fabulous Recipes
THE BEST 24 HOUR FOOD SPOTS IN TORONTO!
THE BEST 24 HOUR FOOD SPOTS IN TORONTO!
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Osh and Akela
WHAT FRONTAL?! SHOULD YOU GET ONE? | INITIAL FRONTAL REVIEW!
WHAT FRONTAL?! SHOULD YOU GET ONE? | INITIAL FRONTAL REVIEW!
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: Osh and Akela
osh.ош.2016
osh.ош.2016
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: Оштв Каналы
Truth of Osh State Medical University, Kyrgyzstan
Truth of Osh State Medical University, Kyrgyzstan
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Yukti Belwal
THE MOST CHRISTMAS-Y VLOG YOU
THE MOST CHRISTMAS-Y VLOG YOU'LL EVER SEE! VLOGMAS DAY 13/14
Published: 2017/12/16
Channel: Osh and Akela
My Osh Life DC 3 Low Passes
My Osh Life DC 3 Low Passes
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: AVweb
WE BOUGHT A CONDO!! VLOGMAS DAY 11/12
WE BOUGHT A CONDO!! VLOGMAS DAY 11/12
Published: 2017/12/13
Channel: Osh and Akela
Valijon Shamsiyev osh shahrida
Valijon Shamsiyev osh shahrida
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: Habibullo Abdullaev
АВТОСАЛОН ОШ👍👍"RAVON MOTORS OSH"
АВТОСАЛОН ОШ👍👍"RAVON MOTORS OSH"
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: AKC OSH
PLG Pro Tour: Overwatch 2017 Grand Finals - [KSA] Osh-Tekk Warriors vs [KWT] Evolve Gaming
PLG Pro Tour: Overwatch 2017 Grand Finals - [KSA] Osh-Tekk Warriors vs [KWT] Evolve Gaming
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: Power League Gaming
Плов Узбекский рецепт,Osh resepti
Плов Узбекский рецепт,Osh resepti
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Foydali Maslahatlar Choyxonasi
OSH em gata - UFRA part. 1/5
OSH em gata - UFRA part. 1/5
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: Diego Souza
PLG Pro Tour: Overwatch 2017 Winners Finals - [KSA] Osh-Tekk Warriors vs [UAE] YaLLa eSports
PLG Pro Tour: Overwatch 2017 Winners Finals - [KSA] Osh-Tekk Warriors vs [UAE] YaLLa eSports
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Power League Gaming
CETAC - Curso online de Cirurgia Veteriária - OSH
CETAC - Curso online de Cirurgia Veteriária - OSH
Published: 2012/10/27
Channel: Cetac Veterinária
Ночной Ош, Кыргызстан 2017 (4К ULTRA HD)
Ночной Ош, Кыргызстан 2017 (4К ULTRA HD)
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: New Production pictures
How To Make FERGHANA Style UZBEK PLOV (Osh, Palov, Pilau, Pilaf) - Original Recipe
How To Make FERGHANA Style UZBEK PLOV (Osh, Palov, Pilau, Pilaf) - Original Recipe
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Fabulous Recipes
DEC 11 2017 RACE 6 (4) MY BIG OSH
DEC 11 2017 RACE 6 (4) MY BIG OSH
Published: 2017/12/11
Channel: missdixiedancer
Cirurgia osh em aula pratica 7 minutinhos rapido demais
Cirurgia osh em aula pratica 7 minutinhos rapido demais
Published: 2011/07/22
Channel: kkyouvideo
OSH
OSH
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Vida de Veterinário
🇰🇬🚘🚘АВТО САЛОН ОШ🚘🚘RAVON MOTORS OSH каналга жазылып👍👍басканды унутбагыла
🇰🇬🚘🚘АВТО САЛОН ОШ🚘🚘RAVON MOTORS OSH каналга жазылып👍👍басканды унутбагыла
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: AKC OSH
O
O'ZBEKISTONDA 6 TONNA OSH TAYYORLANDI!! МИРОВОЙ РЕКОРД! В УЗБЕКИСТАНЕ ПРИГОТОВИЛИ 6 ТОНН ПЛОВА!!
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: InstaUz
BREAKFAST MUKBANG (COOKING FAIL)
BREAKFAST MUKBANG (COOKING FAIL)
Published: 2017/12/12
Channel: Osh and Akela
Osh toy zaks
Osh toy zaks
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: holislik sari
Montela osh bo nacu - Alpazar - Vizion Plus
Montela osh bo nacu - Alpazar - Vizion Plus
Published: 2015/10/18
Channel: VizionPlusAlbania
HARDWARE HANGOUT with James "Laen" Neal from OSH Park!
HARDWARE HANGOUT with James "Laen" Neal from OSH Park!
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: Adafruit Industries
Fatmir Sufa - JETA OSH QEF (Official Video HD)
Fatmir Sufa - JETA OSH QEF (Official Video HD)
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: FatmirSufaOfficial
Город Ош(City Osh in Kyrgyzstan)
Город Ош(City Osh in Kyrgyzstan)
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Azamat Iakubov
UGANDANS IN DUBAI GET TOGETHER PARTY 2017 Osh kayemba
UGANDANS IN DUBAI GET TOGETHER PARTY 2017 Osh kayemba
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: OSH TV Music Channel
Плов узбекский Polov Nahorgi osh
Плов узбекский Polov Nahorgi osh
Published: 2013/04/24
Channel: sherzodnewshows
kirgizistan osh karasu
kirgizistan osh karasu
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: ismail asrak
"Osh bo
"Osh bo'lsin!"da Qalpoq
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Mediabay TV
OSH  BAZAAR - A Tourist Walkthrough.
OSH BAZAAR - A Tourist Walkthrough.
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: GORDONLAWRENCEVIDEOS
BENOM OSH QIRGISISTON KANSETDAN PARCHA JUDA JOR
BENOM OSH QIRGISISTON KANSETDAN PARCHA JUDA JOR
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: UZNAVO TV
AMERICANS TRY CANADIAN SNACKS ft. OSH AND AKELA
AMERICANS TRY CANADIAN SNACKS ft. OSH AND AKELA
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: Kay and Kosh
Osh, Kyrgyzstan 331
Osh, Kyrgyzstan 331
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: Stojan Gajic
OSH CHEMPIONATI YANGI SONI
OSH CHEMPIONATI YANGI SONI
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: UZBEK BEST VIDEO
PLG Pro Tour: Overwatch 2017 Round 1 - [KSA] Osh-Tekk Warriors vs [EGY] Savage Minions
PLG Pro Tour: Overwatch 2017 Round 1 - [KSA] Osh-Tekk Warriors vs [EGY] Savage Minions
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: Power League Gaming
BISHKEK OSH BAZAAR | KYRGYZSTAN THINGS TO DO | FIRST WORLD TRAVELLER
BISHKEK OSH BAZAAR | KYRGYZSTAN THINGS TO DO | FIRST WORLD TRAVELLER
Published: 2017/09/11
Channel: First World Traveller
DEMO group Osh 2015 part-3
DEMO group Osh 2015 part-3
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: SPS Sher Production Studio
Eğitimde Sınırları Aşmak: OSH Radyo | Onur Soğuk | TEDxGündoğduKoleji
Eğitimde Sınırları Aşmak: OSH Radyo | Onur Soğuk | TEDxGündoğduKoleji
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: TEDx Talks
DJ Osh Kosh Boiler Room Los Angeles DJ Set
DJ Osh Kosh Boiler Room Los Angeles DJ Set
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Boiler Room
OSH - Extraits EP 5 titres
OSH - Extraits EP 5 titres
Published: 2014/07/23
Channel: Gino Monachello
Medical Faculty of Osh State University
Medical Faculty of Osh State University
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Yukti Belwal
Khmer Comedy Vang Der   Osh Char Neay 22 Part 01-02
Khmer Comedy Vang Der Osh Char Neay 22 Part 01-02
Published: 2015/02/15
Channel: Happy Happy
ATLANTA vs. TORONTO SLANG ft. Osh & Akela
ATLANTA vs. TORONTO SLANG ft. Osh & Akela
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Kay and Kosh
08.09.2017 O
08.09.2017 O'ZBEKISTONDA 7 TONNA OSH TAYYORLANDI! МИРОВОЙ РЕКОРД!
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: InstaUz
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Osh
Ош
Osh, with Sulayman Mountain in the background
Osh, with Sulayman Mountain in the background
Flag of Osh
Flag
Official seal of Osh
Seal
Osh is located in Kyrgyzstan
Osh
Osh
Location in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 40°31′48″N 72°48′0″E / 40.53000°N 72.80000°E / 40.53000; 72.80000
Country Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Region Osh Region
Government
 • Mayor Aitmamat Kadyrbaev
Area[1]
 • Total 182.5 km2 (70.5 sq mi)
Elevation 963 m (3,159 ft)
Population (2015)[2]
 • Total 255,400
Time zone KGT (UTC+6)
Website http://oshcity.kg

Osh (Kyrgyz: Ош, Russian: Ош, Uzbek: O'sh) is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan, located in the Fergana Valley in the south of the country and often referred to as the "capital of the south". It is the oldest city in the country (estimated to be more than 3000 years old), and has served as the administrative center of Osh Region since 1939. The city has an ethnically mixed population of about 255,800 in 2012, comprising Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Russians, Tajiks, and other smaller ethnic groups.

Overview[edit]

Osh is a lively place with the largest and most crowded outdoor market in Central Asia which was a major market along the Silk Road and is now named the Great Silk Road Bazar in reference to its historical importance. The city's industrial base, established during the Soviet period, largely collapsed after the break-up of the Soviet Union and has recently only started to revive. The proximity of the Uzbekistan border, which cuts through historically linked territories and settlements, deprives Osh of much of its former hinterland and presents a serious obstacle to trade and economic development. Daily flights from Osh Airport link Osh - and hence the southern part of Kyrgyzstan - to Bishkek and some international destinations, mainly in Russia. Osh has two railway stations and a railway connection to Andijan in neighbouring Uzbekistan, but no passenger traffic and only sporadic freight traffic. Most transport is by road. The recent upgrading of the long and arduous road through the mountains to Bishkek has greatly improved communications.

The city has several monuments, including one to the southern Kyrgyz "queen" Kurmanjan Datka and one of the few remaining statues of Lenin. A Russian Orthodox church, reopened after the demise of the Soviet Union, the largest mosque in the country (situated beside the bazaar) and the 16th-century Rabat Abdul Khan Mosque can be found here. The only World Heritage Site in Kyrgyzstan, the Sulayman Mountain, offers a splendid view of Osh and its environs. This mountain is thought by some researchers and historians to be the famous landmark of antiquity known as the “Stone Tower”, which Claudius Ptolemy wrote about in his famous work Geography (Ptolemy). It marked the midpoint on the ancient Silk Road, the overland trade route taken by caravans between Europe and Asia.[3] The National Historical and Archaeological Museum Complex Sulayman is carved in the mountain, containing a collection of archaeological, geological and historical finds and information about local flora and fauna.

Its first western-style supermarket Narodnyj opened in March 2007.[4]

Administration[edit]

Osh city (Ош шаар - Osh shaar) covers 182.5 square kilometres (70.5 square miles)[1] and like the capital city Bishkek, is administered separately and not part of any region, although it is the seat of Osh Region. Besides the city proper, 11 villages are administered by the city: Almalyk, Arek, Gulbaar-Toloykon, Japalak, Kengesh, Kerme-Too, Orke, Pyatiletka, Teeke and parts of Ozgur and Tölöykön.[1]

Population[edit]

Osh is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan after the capital city of Bishkek. At the census of 2009 the city population amounted to 258,111, of which 25,925 in the 11 villages that are administered by the City of Osh. Of the total population, 47.9% were Kyrgyz, 44.2% Uzbeks, 2.5% Russians, 2.2% Turks, 1.1% Tatars and 2.1% other nationalities.[1] The population of the city with its suburbs in the surrounding Kara-Suu District is estimated at about 500,000 inhabitants (for 2012).

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The inhabitants of Osh repulse the occupiers of their city and assist Babur.

The city is among the oldest settlements in Central Asia. Osh was known as early as the 8th century as a center for silk production along the Silk Road. The famous trading route crossed Alay Mountains to reach Kashgar to the east. In modern times, Osh has become also the starting point of the Pamir Highway crossing the Pamir Mountains to end in Khorog, Tajikistan.[citation needed]

Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire and descendant of Tamerlane, was born in nearby Andijan, in the Fergana Valley, pondered his future on Sulayman Mountain and even constructed a mosque atop of the mountain. Babur somehow concludes that the confines of the Fergana would cramp his aspirations as a descendant of famous conquering warrior princes. He wrote of the city:

"There are many sayings about the excellence of Osh. On the southeastern side of the Osh fortress is a well-proportioned mountain called Bara-Koh, where, on its summit, Sultan Mahmud Khan built a pavilion. Farther down, on a spur of the same mountain, I had a porticoed pavilion built in 902 (1496-7)"[5]

Imperial Russian and Soviet rule[edit]

The city was occupied and annexed by the Russian Empire in 1876 when Russia overwhelmed the Central Asian khanates during the so-called "Great Game", the contest between Britain and Russia for dominance in Central Asia. This conquest was achieved and the inclusion to the Russian empire made by mid 1880's, with main credit to General von Kaufman and General Mikhail Skobelev, nicknamed the "White General" from his victories and achievements in the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78 (he wore always a white uniform and rode a white stallion in battle).[citation needed]

The Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian SFSR of the newly formed Soviet Union in 1924, with Osh as a part.[citation needed]

In the 1960s Osh and other towns in the south of the Kyrgyz SSR began to be industrialized. The population of Osh and other towns in the Fergana Valley that falls within Kyrgyzstan has traditionally consisted of a significant number of ethnic Uzbeks.[6] When Osh started to industrialize the ethnic "Kyrgyz were encouraged to move from the Kyrgyz populated countryside to the cities to work in industrial jobs and public administration."[6] This contributed to the rise of social tension between the two groups.

1990 riots[edit]

In 1990, shortly before the end of Soviet power in Central Asia, Osh and its environs experienced bloody ethnic clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks. There were about 1,200 casualties, including over 300 dead and 462 seriously injured.[6] The riots broke out over the division of land resources in and around the city.[7]

2010 ethnic violence[edit]

In 2010, after riots in Bishkek and other major Kyrgyz cities, President Kurmanbek Bakiyev took refuge in the city to hide from protesters denouncing his government and its response to the nation's struggling economy. On May 13, 2010, Bakiyev supporters took over government buildings in Osh, and also seized the airport, preventing interim government officials from landing.[8] The protesters demanded Bakiev's return, and forced the regional governor to flee. The former Osh regional governor Mamasadyk Bakirov was reinstated.

On June 10, 2010, riots erupted in Osh, killing at least 400 and injuring thousands of others.[9] "An explosion of violence, destruction and looting in southern Kyrgyzstan on 11–14 June 2010 killed many hundreds of people, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks got killed and destroyed over 2000 buildings, mostly homes, and deepened the gulf between the country’s ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks."[10]

Local media reported that gangs of young men armed with sticks and stones smashed shop windows and set cars aflame in the city center. Several buildings and homes across the city were also set on fire. The city's police force proved incapable of restoring order resulting in a state of emergency being declared and the army being mobilised.[11] The Kyrgyz intelligence agency claimed that the 2010 violence was initiated by the just-deposed president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, who is said to have made a deal with foreign narco-jihadist gangs to take over southern Kyrgyzstan and initiate a shariah state in exchange for the Bakiyev family's being returned to controlling Bishkek.[12] However, to the day no serious proof has been presented to the public and media. According to various sources, up to 100,000 ethnic Uzbeks refugees fled to Uzbekistan. Many refugee camps have been organized in the Andijan, Fergana and Namangan regions of Uzbekistan for uzbek citizens of Kyrgyzstan who cross the border seeking safety.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Osh features a continental climate (Dsa), with hot, dry summers and cold winters. Osh receives on average roughly 400 millimeters of precipitation annually, the bulk of which typically falls on the city outside the summer months. Summers are hot in Osh, with average high temperatures routinely exceeding 30°C. Winters are cold with average temperatures below freezing during a good portion of the season. Spring and autumn are transitional seasons, with temperatures rising during the course of the spring season and falling during the course of the autumn.

Climate data for Osh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
12
(54)
18
(64)
25
(77)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
27
(81)
19
(66)
13
(55)
5
(41)
18.4
(65.2)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−5
(23)
2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(52)
16
(61)
18
(64)
17
(63)
11
(52)
6
(43)
−2
(28)
−4
(25)
5.8
(42.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34
(1.34)
42
(1.65)
61
(2.4)
67
(2.64)
47
(1.85)
23
(0.91)
9
(0.35)
7
(0.28)
6
(0.24)
37
(1.46)
36
(1.42)
47
(1.85)
416
(16.39)
Source: Yandex weather[13]

Cityscape[edit]

Downtown Osh, seen from Sulayman Too on 7 August 2006.

Twin towns - sister cities[edit]

Osh is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 2009 population census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Osh City at the Wayback Machine (archived 2011-08-10)
  2. ^ "Population of regions, districts and cities of Kyrgyzstan in 2015". 
  3. ^ Dean, Riaz (2015). "The Location of Ptolemy's Stone Tower: The Case for Sulaiman-Too in Osh" (PDF). The Silk Road. 
  4. ^ In Osh opened a supermarket "Narodnyj".
  5. ^ The Babur-nama Ed. & trans. Wheeler M. Thackston (New York) 2002 pp4-5
  6. ^ a b c "Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry into the Events in Southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010" (PDF). The Independent International Commission of Inquiry (KIC). Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Osh". Redmond, WA: Microsoft® Student 2009 [DVD]. 2008. 
  8. ^ "Former Kyrgyz President's Supporters Take Over Government Buildings In South". Radio Free Europe. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010. 
  9. ^ google.com 12 June 2010
  10. ^ "The Pogroms in Kyrgyzstan". International Crisis Group. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Twelve killed in new wave of unrest in Kyrgyzstan". Associated Press. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Бишкек обвинил Бакиева в финансировании попытки госпереворота". wsinform.com. 
  13. ^ "Yandex weather" (in Russian). Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Osh and Yozgat city of Turkey became twin cities". Kabar National News Agency. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 40°32′N 72°48′E / 40.53°N 72.8°E / 40.53; 72.8

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