1
osh kyrgyzstan
osh kyrgyzstan
DATE: 2012/09/25::
2
ОШ ГАИ Osh Gai Кыргызстан АКБАЕВ БЕЗ ПРИЧИНА ОСТАНОВКА
ОШ ГАИ Osh Gai Кыргызстан АКБАЕВ БЕЗ ПРИЧИНА ОСТАНОВКА
DATE: 2014/11/18::
3
Osh Uzbek/Kyrgyz war 11-12 iyun.avi.mp4
Osh Uzbek/Kyrgyz war 11-12 iyun.avi.mp4
DATE: 2010/06/14::
4
Fatmir Sufa - JETA OSH QEF (Official Video HD)
Fatmir Sufa - JETA OSH QEF (Official Video HD)
DATE: 2014/03/31::
5
Cirurgia osh em aula pratica 7 minutinhos rapido demais
Cirurgia osh em aula pratica 7 minutinhos rapido demais
DATE: 2011/07/21::
6
Galla Konsert Osh 2013
Galla Konsert Osh 2013
DATE: 2013/10/31::
7
War in Kyrgyzstan/ osh июнь 2010 Война в Киргизии продол0жается оше
War in Kyrgyzstan/ osh июнь 2010 Война в Киргизии продол0жается оше
DATE: 2010/06/14::
8
Osh shahri. Nikoh toy 17.10.2011 1
Osh shahri. Nikoh toy 17.10.2011 1
DATE: 2013/09/07::
9
OSH cirurgia em gata , veterinária , castração cirurgica ovário salpingo histerectomia
OSH cirurgia em gata , veterinária , castração cirurgica ovário salpingo histerectomia
DATE: 2011/09/05::
10
Kuyovning og
Kuyovning og'aynisi qiz bola birinchi osh edi - Uzbek SHOK Video
DATE: 2014/11/02::
11
OSH - SING / Full Vidéo
OSH - SING / Full Vidéo
DATE: 2015/01/01::
12
osh sema new year11a
osh sema new year11a
DATE: 2015/02/01::
13
Плов узбекский Polov Nahorgi osh
Плов узбекский Polov Nahorgi osh
DATE: 2013/04/24::
14
Mssingno - Osh (Unreleased)
Mssingno - Osh (Unreleased)
DATE: 2014/11/22::
15
Osh 2012. Город Ош 2012
Osh 2012. Город Ош 2012
DATE: 2012/07/04::
16
Baxti vs mer osh
Baxti vs mer osh
DATE: 2012/11/02::
17
uz zags v kg osh  islam
uz zags v kg osh islam
DATE: 2014/07/06::
18
Rasul Mamatkulov_Mersedes ( Osh-Bishkek)
Rasul Mamatkulov_Mersedes ( Osh-Bishkek)
DATE: 2007/04/20::
19
OSH Main Promo
OSH Main Promo
DATE: 2015/01/22::
20
ENDOBESO NE MUKUNJA BEAT FM OSH TV
ENDOBESO NE MUKUNJA BEAT FM OSH TV
DATE: 2014/11/03::
21
Osh Sema New Year
Osh Sema New Year
DATE: 2014/01/06::
22
عملية التعليم | Mahdi Al-Osh | TEDxYPU
عملية التعليم | Mahdi Al-Osh | TEDxYPU
DATE: 2015/03/25::
23
America is about to have its Tevye moment | Osh Ghanimah | TEDxBroadway
America is about to have its Tevye moment | Osh Ghanimah | TEDxBroadway
DATE: 2015/04/20::
24
osh state university 2014 HD
osh state university 2014 HD
DATE: 2014/11/29::
25
Osh shahri. Nikoh toy 17.10.2011 4
Osh shahri. Nikoh toy 17.10.2011 4
DATE: 2013/09/07::
26
FAQ about the OSH Holster
FAQ about the OSH Holster
DATE: 2013/08/03::
27
"Osh bo
"Osh bo'lsin!" 2014 yil 16 avgust
DATE: 2014/08/18::
28
OSH KASTA - Retrospekcje \ Rozwijamy się \ Tak mam od wielu lat (Official video)
OSH KASTA - Retrospekcje \ Rozwijamy się \ Tak mam od wielu lat (Official video)
DATE: 2011/12/14::
29
JIGSORE 001:002:003 MIXED BY OSH KOSH
JIGSORE 001:002:003 MIXED BY OSH KOSH
DATE: 2011/10/11::
30
OSH Stencils Solder Paste Stencil Review
OSH Stencils Solder Paste Stencil Review
DATE: 2013/11/24::
31
OSH Stencils - Cheap PCB Stencils (Full Review)  2014 HD
OSH Stencils - Cheap PCB Stencils (Full Review) 2014 HD
DATE: 2014/01/25::
32
OSH - Extraits EP 5 titres
OSH - Extraits EP 5 titres
DATE: 2014/07/23::
33
Never Thought feat  Fes Taylor & Big Osh - Scarr
Never Thought feat Fes Taylor & Big Osh - Scarr
DATE: 2014/08/29::
34
Bundeswehr Die Offizierschule des Heeres in Dresden OSH Reportage
Bundeswehr Die Offizierschule des Heeres in Dresden OSH Reportage
DATE: 2013/12/25::
35
Война в Киргизии Оше Джалал-Абад 2010 war in Kyrgyzstan osh
Война в Киргизии Оше Джалал-Абад 2010 war in Kyrgyzstan osh
DATE: 2010/06/12::
36
DJ Osh Kosh - Back Then Feat. Tre Stoner, Jace
DJ Osh Kosh - Back Then Feat. Tre Stoner, Jace
DATE: 2014/12/20::
37
Bekdoolot & Aruuke(OSH svad
Bekdoolot & Aruuke(OSH svad'ba)
DATE: 2014/07/02::
38
OLUBUTO LWA REMA LWANI?  OSH TV 2015
OLUBUTO LWA REMA LWANI? OSH TV 2015
DATE: 2014/10/02::
39
"Osh bo
"Osh bo'lsin!" 2014 yil 21 dekabr
DATE: 2014/12/23::
40
G Code OSH Tactical Holster
G Code OSH Tactical Holster
DATE: 2011/04/28::
41
Happy Wedding Azamat & Aida (Kyrgyzstan,Osh)
Happy Wedding Azamat & Aida (Kyrgyzstan,Osh)
DATE: 2014/12/02::
42
G-Code OSH Holster and Single Mag Pouch - John McClain
G-Code OSH Holster and Single Mag Pouch - John McClain
DATE: 2013/05/06::
43
Diyor Wedding (Osh) 12/12/2012 Узбекская свадьба г.Ош.
Diyor Wedding (Osh) 12/12/2012 Узбекская свадьба г.Ош.
DATE: 2012/12/12::
44
Bazaar in Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Video by Ken Ganfield
Bazaar in Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Video by Ken Ganfield
DATE: 2014/04/19::
45
The osh people and nightmare
The osh people and nightmare
DATE: 2014/03/19::
46
HARDWARE HANGOUT with James "Laen" Neal from OSH Park!
HARDWARE HANGOUT with James "Laen" Neal from OSH Park!
DATE: 2014/02/11::
47
ОШ ГАИ Osh Gai Кыргызстан
ОШ ГАИ Osh Gai Кыргызстан
DATE: 2014/11/18::
48
MC KAPALE IN DUBAI   Osh Entertainment TV
MC KAPALE IN DUBAI Osh Entertainment TV
DATE: 2014/02/19::
49
PLAKA IME KEMBE OSH
PLAKA IME KEMBE OSH
DATE: 2010/06/21::
50
G-Code OSH Kydex Holster (RTI Attachment)
G-Code OSH Kydex Holster (RTI Attachment)
DATE: 2013/02/27::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other uses, see OSH (disambiguation).
Osh
Ош
Panoramic view of Osh
Panoramic view of Osh
Flag of Osh
Flag
Official seal of Osh
Seal
Osh is located in Kyrgyzstan
Osh
Osh
Location in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 40°31′48″N 72°48′0″E / 40.53000°N 72.80000°E / 40.53000; 72.80000
Country Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Province Osh Province
Government
 • Mayor Aitmamat Kadyrbaev
Population (2012)
 • Total 255,900
Website http://oshcity.kg

Osh (Kyrgyz: Ош) is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan, located in the Fergana Valley in the south of the country and often referred to as the "capital of the south". It is the oldest city in the country (estimated to be more than 3000 years old), and has served as the administrative center of Osh Province since 1939. The city has an ethnically mixed population of about 255,800 (in 2012), comprising Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Russians, Tajiks, and other smaller ethnic groups.

Overview[edit]

Osh is a lively place, with the largest and most crowded outdoor market in all of Central Asia, now named as the Great Silk Road Bazar (since it used to operate as a market during the Great Silk Road period). The city's industrial base, established during the Soviet period, largely collapsed after the break-up of the Soviet Union and has started to revive only gradually. The proximity of the Uzbekistani border, which cuts through historically linked territories and settlements, deprives Osh of much of its former hinterland and presents a serious obstacle to trade and economic development. Daily flights from Osh Airport link Osh - and hence the southern part of Kyrgyzstan - to Bishkek and the north. Like most of Kyrgyzstan, Osh has no railway connections, although the recent upgrading of the long and arduous road through the mountains to Bishkek has greatly improved communications.

The city has several monuments, including one to the southern Kyrgyz "queen" Kurmanjan Datka and one of the few remaining statues of Lenin. A Russian Orthodox church, reopened after the demise of the Soviet Union, the largest mosque in the country (situated beside the bazaar) and the 16th-century Rabat Abdul Khan Mosque can be found here. The only World Heritage Site in Kyrgyzstan, the Sulayman Mountain, offers a splendid view of Osh and its environs. The National Historical and Archaeological Museum Complex Sulayman is carved in the mountain, containing a collection of archaeological, geological and historical finds and information about local flora and fauna.

Its first western-style supermarket Narodnyj opened in March 2007.[1]

Population[edit]

Osh is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan after the capital city of Bishkek. According to census of 2009 the city population amounted to 258,000.[2] The population of the city with its suburbs is estimated at about 500,000 inhabitants (for 2012).

The city's population comprises 48% Uzbeks, 43% Kyrgyz, 3% Russians, 2% Turks and 1% Tatars.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The inhabitants of Osh repulse the occupiers of their city and assist Babur.

The city is among the oldest settlements in Central Asia. Osh was known as early as the 8th century as a center for silk production along the Silk Road. The famous trading route crossed Alay Mountains to reach Kashgar to the east. In modern times, Osh has become also the starting point of the Pamir Highway crossing the Pamir Mountains to end in Khorog, Tajikistan.[citation needed]

Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire and descendant of Tamerlane, was born in nearby Andijan, in the Fergana Valley, pondered his future on Sulayman Mountain and even constructed a mosque atop of the mountain. Babur somehow concludes that the confines of the Fergana would cramp his aspirations as a descendant of famous conquering warrior princes. He wrote of the city:

"There are many sayings about the excellence of Osh. On the southeastern side of the Osh fortress is a well-proportioned mountain called Bara-Koh, where, on its summit, Sultan Mahmud Khan built a pavilion. Farther down, on a spur of the same mountain, I had a porticoed pavilion built in 902 (1496-7)" [3]

Russian and Soviet rule[edit]

The city was occupied and annexed by the Russian Empire in 1876 when Russia overwhelmed the Central Asian khanates during the so-called "Great Game", the contest between Britain and Russia for dominance in Central Asia. This conquest was achieved and the inclusion to the Russian empire made by mid 1880s, with main credit to General von Kaufman and General Mikhail Skobelev, nicknamed the "White General" from his victories and achievements in the Russo-Turkish war of 1877-78 (he wore always a white uniform and rode a white stallion in battle).[citation needed]

The Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian SFSR of the newly formed Soviet Union in 1919, with Osh as a part.[citation needed]

In the 1960s Osh and other towns in the south of the Kyrgyz SSR began to be industrialized. The population of Osh and other towns in the Fergana Valley that falls within Kyrgyzstan has traditionally consisted of a significant number of ethnic Uzbeks.[4] When Osh started to industrialize the ethnic "Kyrgyz were encouraged to move from the Kyrgyz populated countryside to the cities to work in industrial jobs and public administration."[4] This contributed to the rise of social tension between the two groups.

1990 riots[edit]

Main article: Osh riots (1990)

In 1990, shortly before the end of Soviet power in Central Asia, Osh and its environs experienced bloody ethnic clashes between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks. There were about 1,200 casualties, including over 300 dead and 462 seriously injured.[4] The riots broke out over the division of land resources in and around the city.[5]

2010 Ethnic Violence[edit]

In 2010, after riots in Bishkek and other major Kyrgyz cities, President Kurmanbek Bakiyev took refuge in the city to hide from protesters denouncing his government and its response to the nation's struggling economy. On May 13, 2010, Bakiyev supporters took over government buildings in Osh, and also seized the airport, preventing interim government officials from landing.[6] The protesters demanded Bakiev's return, and forced the provincial governor to flee. The former Osh provincial governor Mamasadyk Bakirov was reinstated.

On June 10, 2010, riots erupted in Osh, killing at least 400 and injuring thousands of others.[7] "An explosion of violence, destruction and looting in southern Kyrgyzstan on 11–14 June 2010 killed many hundreds of people, Kyrgyz and Uzbeks got killed and destroyed over 2000 buildings, mostly homes, and deepened the gulf between the country’s ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks."[8]

Local media reported that gangs of young men armed with sticks and stones smashed shop windows and set cars aflame in the city center. Several buildings and homes across the city were also set on fire. The city's police force proved incapable of restoring order resulting in a state of emergency being declared and the army being mobilised.[9] The Kyrgyz intelligence agency claimed that the 2010 violence was initiated by the just-deposed president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, who is said to have made a deal with foreign narco-jihadist gangs: jihadists take over southern Kyrgyzstan and initiate a shariah state in exchange for the Bakiyev family's being returned to controlling Bishkek.[10] However, to the day no serious proof has been presented to the public and media. According to various sources, up to 100,000 ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbek refugees fled to Uzbekistan. Many refugee camps have been organized in the Andijan, Fergana and Namangan regions of Uzbekistan for citizens of Kyrgyzstan who cross the border seeking safety.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Osh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(39)
12
(54)
18
(64)
25
(77)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
27
(81)
19
(66)
13
(55)
5
(41)
18.4
(65.2)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−5
(23)
2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(52)
16
(61)
18
(64)
17
(63)
11
(52)
6
(43)
−2
(28)
−4
(25)
5.8
(42.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 34
(1.34)
42
(1.65)
61
(2.4)
67
(2.64)
47
(1.85)
23
(0.91)
9
(0.35)
7
(0.28)
6
(0.24)
37
(1.46)
36
(1.42)
47
(1.85)
416
(16.39)
Source: Yandex weather[11]

Cityscape[edit]

Downtown Osh, seen from Sulayman Too on 7 August 2006.

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Osh opened a supermarket "Narodnyj".
  2. ^ National Statistical Committee of Kyrgyz Republic. National Census 2009. Vol. III(tables). Regions of Kyrgyzstan. Osh City.
  3. ^ The Babur-nama Ed. & trans. Wheeler M. Thackston (New York) 2002 pp4-5
  4. ^ a b c "Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry into the Events in Southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010" (PDF). The Independent International Commission of Inquiry (KIC). Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Osh". Redmond, WA: Microsoft® Student 2009 [DVD]. 2008. 
  6. ^ "Former Kyrgyz President's Supporters Take Over Government Buildings In South". Radio Free Europe. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2010. 
  7. ^ google.com 12 June 2010
  8. ^ "The Pogroms in Kyrgyzstan". International Crisis Group. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Twelve killed in new wave of unrest in Kyrgyzstan". Associated Press. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  10. ^ http://wsinform.com/world/Bishkek-obvinil-Bakieva-v-finansirovanii-popytki-gosperevorota/
  11. ^ "Yandex weather" (in Russian). Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Osh and Yozgat city of Turkey became twin cities". Kabar National News Agency. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°32′N 72°48′E / 40.53°N 72.8°E / 40.53; 72.8

Jimena no se por que se dice "Osh" no mas se dice. No hablamos de cosas differentes solo respondo a velocidad differente ando lelo

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