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Unearthing Idaho: Owyhee County
Unearthing Idaho: Owyhee County
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: 366th Fighter Wing, Mountain Home AFB, Idaho
Owyhee Mountain Canyon (Phantom 4)
Owyhee Mountain Canyon (Phantom 4)
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: David Waterman
Zeno Falls,  Owyhee County, Idaho
Zeno Falls, Owyhee County, Idaho
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: Ruth Flanagan
Metal Detecting Pioneer Wagon Trail Owyhee County Idaho USA
Metal Detecting Pioneer Wagon Trail Owyhee County Idaho USA
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: ScottsMotoNet
Jump Creek Falls, Owyhee County Idaho 03 22 17
Jump Creek Falls, Owyhee County Idaho 03 22 17
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Doug Crosby
Utter (Otter) Massacre Site
Utter (Otter) Massacre Site
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: Elindio42
Idaho prospecting with Lost Creek Mining, Owyhee County Opal and some fire opal pt.1
Idaho prospecting with Lost Creek Mining, Owyhee County Opal and some fire opal pt.1
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Lost Creek Mining
Owyhee County Deadly Officer Involved Shooting
Owyhee County Deadly Officer Involved Shooting
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
Idaho prospecting with Lost Creek Mining in Owyhee County. Opal and some fire opal pt.2
Idaho prospecting with Lost Creek Mining in Owyhee County. Opal and some fire opal pt.2
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Lost Creek Mining
Owyhee Byway
Owyhee Byway
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Vic Keller
Juniper Mountain - November 2015 Elk Hunt
Juniper Mountain - November 2015 Elk Hunt
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: BDSUSA
Big Jack
Big Jack's Creek Owyhee County
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Kent Proesch
2008 Owyhee County Deer Hunt
2008 Owyhee County Deer Hunt
Published: 2013/04/07
Channel: BDSUSA
Tim Nettleton, Retired Sheriff of Owyhee County Idaho
Tim Nettleton, Retired Sheriff of Owyhee County Idaho
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: Cowboy
Oregon Woman Kills Self & Baby in Owyhee County
Oregon Woman Kills Self & Baby in Owyhee County
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
Glory Hole Owyhee Reservoir #2
Glory Hole Owyhee Reservoir #2
Published: 2008/04/13
Channel: Jim Soper
Mom & Baby Found Dead Inside Car in Owyhee County
Mom & Baby Found Dead Inside Car in Owyhee County
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
2017 Owyhee County Fair Entry how to video
2017 Owyhee County Fair Entry how to video
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Scott Jensen
Jump Creek Canyon, Idaho Owyhee County
Jump Creek Canyon, Idaho Owyhee County
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: Idaho William
Owyhee County
Owyhee County
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Idaho Conservative
Two injured in collision in Owyhee County
Two injured in collision in Owyhee County
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Idaho On Your Side
Firefighters Continue to Battle Soda Fire in Owyhee County
Firefighters Continue to Battle Soda Fire in Owyhee County
Published: 2015/08/12
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
Owyhee County soda fire
Owyhee County soda fire
Published: 2015/08/12
Channel: Vernon Tunnell
2008 Owyhee County Antelope Hunt
2008 Owyhee County Antelope Hunt
Published: 2013/04/07
Channel: BDSUSA
Owyhee Uplands Back Country Byway in Idaho
Owyhee Uplands Back Country Byway in Idaho
Published: 2013/06/06
Channel: Visit Idaho
Owyhee County, ID hiking 3/21/2015
Owyhee County, ID hiking 3/21/2015
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Finding Nico
Outback Idaho Adventure Metal Detecting Owyhee County Idaho
Outback Idaho Adventure Metal Detecting Owyhee County Idaho
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: ScottsMotoNet
Dirty Little Secret waterfall Owyhee County, Idaho
Dirty Little Secret waterfall Owyhee County, Idaho
Published: 2012/03/08
Channel: scgmilan
Caldwell man dies in Owyhee County fall
Caldwell man dies in Owyhee County fall
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Idaho On Your Side
Owyhee County Soda Fire Closes Highway 95
Owyhee County Soda Fire Closes Highway 95
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
Owyhee County Jail, Idaho, USA
Owyhee County Jail, Idaho, USA
Published: 2013/07/16
Channel: InmateCountyJail
wildwestadventures big owyhee bulls idaho
wildwestadventures big owyhee bulls idaho
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: WildWest Adventures
Rains Threaten Flooding in Owyhee County
Rains Threaten Flooding in Owyhee County
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
Wilke feedlot Owyhee County Idaho.3GP
Wilke feedlot Owyhee County Idaho.3GP
Published: 2010/06/18
Channel: IdahoCARE
2012 Owyhee County Coyote Hunt
2012 Owyhee County Coyote Hunt
Published: 2012/12/16
Channel: BDSUSA
2008 Owyhee County Adventure
2008 Owyhee County Adventure
Published: 2010/12/11
Channel: BDSUSA
Southwest idaho owyhee county
Southwest idaho owyhee county
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: My Klob
Owyhee Canyonlands  - The High Desert Country of Southwest Idaho
Owyhee Canyonlands - The High Desert Country of Southwest Idaho
Published: 2011/02/14
Channel: Gary O. Grimm
Beta x trainer in Owyhee county Idaho
Beta x trainer in Owyhee county Idaho
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: Danny Harris
Restoration Begins in Owyhee County After Soda Fire
Restoration Begins in Owyhee County After Soda Fire
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
Owyhee Geology 100
Owyhee Geology 100
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Deanna Imhoff
Owyhee Mountains Idaho Upland Scenic Byway
Owyhee Mountains Idaho Upland Scenic Byway
Published: 2007/02/25
Channel: exploring the world
Large Wild Fire in Owyhee County
Large Wild Fire in Owyhee County
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
Owyhee Challenge #2
Owyhee Challenge #2
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Captin Kirk
Peak 4602 in Owyhee Mountains - Idaho Hike
Peak 4602 in Owyhee Mountains - Idaho Hike
Published: 2010/03/08
Channel: Tim Bondy
Property title records in Owyhee County Idaho | AFX
Property title records in Owyhee County Idaho | AFX
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: AFX Videos
A Teen Has Drowned in Owyhee County
A Teen Has Drowned in Owyhee County
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: Idaho News on Demand
View from the top of War eagle mountain in southwest idaho owyhee county
View from the top of War eagle mountain in southwest idaho owyhee county
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: My Klob
Sinker Creek, Owyhee Front
Sinker Creek, Owyhee Front
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: Roger Smith
E. F.  Owyhee River- Battle Creek
E. F. Owyhee River- Battle Creek
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: Elindio42
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Owyhee County, Idaho
Owyhee Mountains.jpg
Reynolds Creek Experimental Watershed in the Owyhee Mountains about 50 miles southwest of Boise.
Seal of Owyhee County, Idaho
Seal
Map of Idaho highlighting Owyhee County
Location in the U.S. state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1863
Named for lost Hawaiian trappers
Seat Murphy
Largest city Homedale
Area
 • Total 7,697 sq mi (19,935 km2)
 • Land 7,666 sq mi (19,855 km2)
 • Water 31 sq mi (80 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 11,526
 • Density 1.5/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website owyheecounty.net

Owyhee County is a county in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,526.[1] The county seat is Murphy,[2] and its largest city is Homedale.[3] In area it is the second-largest county in Idaho, behind Idaho County.

Owyhee County is part of the Boise, ID Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the location of slightly more than 50% of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation, which extends over the border into Elko County, Nevada. The majority of the federally recognized Shoshone-Paiute Tribe that is associated with this reservation lives on the Nevada side; its tribal center is in Owyhee, Nevada.

History[edit]

This area was the territory of Western Shoshone, Northern Paiute and Bannock peoples and their ancestors for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Americans. Conflicts over land use and resources led to the indigenous peoples being pushed aside.

On December 31, 1863, Owyhee County became the first county organized by the Idaho Territory Legislature. While Boise, Idaho, Nez Perce and Shoshone counties were organized under the laws of Washington Territory, they were not recognized by the Idaho Territory until February 1864.[4][5][6] The original county seat at Ruby City was moved to nearby Silver City in 1867.[7]

Owyhee County's original boundary was the portion of Idaho Territory south of the Snake River and west of the Rocky Mountains.[8] Less than a month after the creation of Owyhee County, Oneida County was formed in January 1864 from the eastern portion of the county. The formation of Cassia County in 1879 took further territory in the east.

Owyhee County's history is closely linked to the mining boom that dominated Idaho Territory in the second half of the 19th century. Silver City and Ruby City developed as boom towns. At its height in the 1880s, Owyhee County was among the most populous places in Idaho. Today it is among the least populous, at 1.4 persons per square mile (0.5 per km²).

Because of pressure from miners and settlers, the federal government made a treaty in 1877 with the Western Shoshone to cede land, and established what is now known as the Duck Valley Indian Reservation in this county and across the border in Elko County, Nevada. In 1886 the reservation was expanded to accommodate people of the Northern Paiute. In the 20th century the tribes combined and are federally recognized as a single government. The majority of the people live on the Nevada side of the reservation.

Owyhee County gained its present boundaries in 1930 after an election approved moving a portion of it near Glenns Ferry and King Hill to neighboring Elmore County.[9] In 1934 the county seat was moved from the nearly abandoned Silver City to its present location in Murphy. In the 21st century, both Silver City and Ruby City are ghost towns, remnant of the mining boom.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Owyhee" derives from an early anglicization of the Hawaiian term "Hawaiʻi." When James Cook encountered what he named the Sandwich Islands (now the Hawaiian Islands) in 1778, he found them inhabited by Native Hawaiians, whom the Anglo-Americans referred to as "Owyhees." Noted for their hardy physique and maritime skills, numerous Native Hawaiians were hired as crew members aboard European and American vessels. Many Owyhee sailed to the American Northwest coast and found employment along the Columbia River, where they joined trapping expeditions or worked at some of the fur trade posts.

In 1819, three Owyhee joined Donald Mackenzie's Snake expedition, which went out annually into the Snake country for the North West Company, a Montreal-based organization of Canadian fur traders. The three Hawaiians left the main party during the winter of 1819–20 to explore the then unknown terrain of what since has been called the Owyhee River and mountains. They disappeared and were presumed dead; no further information regarding their whereabouts has been found. In memory of these Native Hawaiians, British fur trappers started to call the region "Owyhee" and the name stuck.[10][11]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 7,697 square miles (19,940 km2), of which 7,666 square miles (19,850 km2) is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (0.4%) is water.[12] It is the second-largest county in Idaho by area.

Nearly all of the county is high intermountain desert, with plentiful sagebrush and basalt canyons. The Owyhee Mountains in the west dominate the landscape, with Hayden Peak reaching 8,403 feet (2,561 m) above sea level. The lowest elevation is at the county's northwest corner, where the Snake River is just above 2,000 feet (610 m) at the Oregon border. The Snake forms most of the county's northern border from Oregon to just west of Glenns Ferry in Elmore County. A tributary of the Snake is the Bruneau River, which flows north from Nevada through the eastern section of the county. The Owyhee River starts in the southwestern part of the county and flows westward into Oregon; it eventually enters the Snake at the state border, south of Nyssa.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 1,713
1880 1,426 −16.8%
1890 2,021 41.7%
1900 3,804 88.2%
1910 4,044 6.3%
1920 4,694 16.1%
1930 4,103 −12.6%
1940 5,652 37.8%
1950 6,307 11.6%
1960 6,375 1.1%
1970 6,422 0.7%
1980 8,272 28.8%
1990 8,392 1.5%
2000 10,644 26.8%
2010 11,526 8.3%
Est. 2016 11,389 [13] −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
1790–1960[15] 1900–1990[16]
1990–2000[17] 2010–2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 10,644 people, 3,710 households, and 2,756 families residing in the county. The population density was 1.4 person per square mile (0.5/km²). There were 4,452 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.87% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 3.21% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 16.50% from other races, and 2.72% from two or more races. 23.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.3% were of American, 12.5% German, 10.4% English and 8.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,710 households out of which 37.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 109.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,339, and the median income for a family was $32,856. Males had a median income of $25,146 versus $20,718 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,405. About 14.20% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 12.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,526 people, 4,076 households, and 2,954 families residing in the county.[19] The population density was 1.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.58/km2). There were 4,781 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.23/km2).[20] The racial makeup of the county was 76.0% white, 4.3% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 16.6% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 25.8% of the population.[19] In terms of ancestry, 19.6% were American, 13.8% were German, 9.5% were English, and 9.4% were Irish.[21]

Of the 4,076 households, 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.5% were non-families, and 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.29. The median age was 36.0 years.[19]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,441 and the median income for a family was $36,405. Males had a median income of $31,404 versus $29,167 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,373. About 18.0% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[22]

Media[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

Previous Presidential Elections Results[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 77.8% 3,052 15.1% 591 7.2% 282
2012 75.0% 2,794 22.4% 833 2.6% 97
2008 74.5% 3,024 23.3% 944 2.2% 90
2004 79.6% 2,859 19.1% 685 1.3% 46
2000 76.9% 2,450 19.5% 623 3.6% 115
1996 61.2% 2,033 26.9% 895 11.9% 395
1992 47.8% 1,469 22.3% 686 29.9% 917
1988 64.8% 1,707 32.2% 848 3.0% 79
1984 77.7% 2,141 20.8% 574 1.5% 40
1980 71.9% 2,257 23.3% 732 4.8% 151
1976 57.5% 1,519 39.9% 1,054 2.6% 68
1972 70.1% 1,630 19.9% 463 9.9% 231
1968 59.6% 1,385 24.2% 562 16.2% 376
1964 51.0% 1,216 49.0% 1,168
1960 57.1% 1,500 42.9% 1,129
1956 63.0% 1,468 37.1% 864
1952 70.4% 1,813 29.5% 759 0.1% 3
1948 50.0% 969 47.8% 925 2.2% 43
1944 54.0% 983 45.3% 824 0.7% 12
1940 46.8% 1,031 52.6% 1,160 0.6% 14
1936 28.9% 500 64.0% 1,106 7.1% 122
1932 36.2% 583 59.6% 959 4.2% 68
1928 62.2% 918 36.1% 533 1.7% 25
1924 36.5% 564 43.5% 671 20.0% 309
1920 65.3% 971 34.7% 515
1916 40.4% 594 52.8% 775 6.8% 100
1912 33.8% 515 37.3% 567 28.9% 440
1908 45.1% 604 48.5% 650 6.4% 86
1904 55.0% 663 32.6% 393 12.4% 149
1900 39.8% 584 60.2% 884

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Historic Homedale
  4. ^ General Laws of Washington Territory, 1861 p.3-4
  5. ^ General Laws of Washington Territory: 1863 p.4
  6. ^ "An Act Defining the Boundary Lines of Counties west of the Rocky Mountains", Session Laws of Idaho Territory: 1863–1864, p. 628-630
  7. ^ Ruby City – Idaho Ghost Town (accessed 3 January 2012)
  8. ^ "An Act to Organize the County of Owyhee", Session Laws of Idaho Territory: 1863–1864, p. 624
  9. ^ Sixteenth census of the United ... – United States. Bureau of the Census – Google Books (accessed 3 January 2010)
  10. ^ "The Name Owyhee" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. August 1964. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  11. ^ 3rd1000.com Owyhee
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  20. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  21. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  22. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  23. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°34′N 116°10′W / 42.56°N 116.17°W / 42.56; -116.17

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