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Overcrowding at Oxford Circus station
Overcrowding at Oxford Circus station
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: CNN
OXFORD CIRCUS TO PICCADILLY CIRCUS BY TUBE
OXFORD CIRCUS TO PICCADILLY CIRCUS BY TUBE
Published: 2015/08/01
Channel: LONDON 24 HOURS
CENTRAL LINE | OXFORD CIRCUS STATION | LONDON UNDERGROUND | PEAK HOURS
CENTRAL LINE | OXFORD CIRCUS STATION | LONDON UNDERGROUND | PEAK HOURS
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: Muhammad Junaid
Oxford Circus Tube in smoke station evacuated latest #BREAKING
Oxford Circus Tube in smoke station evacuated latest #BREAKING
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Tony's - 24/7 Eyes
Historic London Underground Stations - Oxford Circus tube station 3
Historic London Underground Stations - Oxford Circus tube station 3
Published: 2015/07/26
Channel: The Virtual Tourist
London Underground: Oxford Circus | Central line (1992 Tube Stock)
London Underground: Oxford Circus | Central line (1992 Tube Stock)
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: ACC84 Metro & Trains
Oxford Circus
Oxford Circus
Published: 2009/08/06
Channel: Sarah Brown
The new look of London
The new look of London's Oxford Circus
Published: 2009/11/17
Channel: The Guardian
Destiny taking over Oxford Circus Tube Station
Destiny taking over Oxford Circus Tube Station
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: PadPoet
Oxford Circus Underground Entrance (5 PM Rush Hour)
Oxford Circus Underground Entrance (5 PM Rush Hour)
Published: 2014/02/21
Channel: PolarTropics
The famous OXFORD CIRCUS tube station, a moment in history (LONDON)
The famous OXFORD CIRCUS tube station, a moment in history (LONDON)
Published: 2013/11/16
Channel: Vic Stefanu - World Travels and Adventures
OXFORD CIRCUS TO WALTHAMSTOW CENTRAL BY TUBE LONDON
OXFORD CIRCUS TO WALTHAMSTOW CENTRAL BY TUBE LONDON
Published: 2015/12/21
Channel: LONDON 24 HOURS
TERRIFYING,VIDEO, FIRE IN TUBE METRO, LONDON,OXFORD, Bakerloo line
TERRIFYING,VIDEO, FIRE IN TUBE METRO, LONDON,OXFORD, Bakerloo line
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Lucas Scope WorldWide
Oxford Circus Tube Station, 1969, London Underground
Oxford Circus Tube Station, 1969, London Underground
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: thekinolibrary
Oxford Circus London Underground station
Oxford Circus London Underground station
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Dmitry Lane
Getting on the tube at Oxford Circus
Getting on the tube at Oxford Circus
Published: 2011/10/10
Channel: kurvapicsa
[London] 2009 Stock - Oxford Circus (Victoria Line)
[London] 2009 Stock - Oxford Circus (Victoria Line)
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: BillyFlorian
London Underground : Oxford Circus | Bakerloo line ( 1972 Tube Stock )
London Underground : Oxford Circus | Bakerloo line ( 1972 Tube Stock )
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: ACC84 Metro & Trains
Openbve London Underground Oxford Circus To Waterloo
Openbve London Underground Oxford Circus To Waterloo
Published: 2013/10/30
Channel: Tube Check
London Underground   Victoria line train at Oxford Circus on 16th Jan 2016
London Underground Victoria line train at Oxford Circus on 16th Jan 2016
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: BristolRE
Tube Crowds Oxford Circus (1970-1979)
Tube Crowds Oxford Circus (1970-1979)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Victoria and oxford circus tube watching London
Victoria and oxford circus tube watching London
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Brynley Thomas
Rush hour in London Oxford Circus station
Rush hour in London Oxford Circus station
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: S Josue
Smoke fills London Underground train at Oxford Circus forcing evacuation
Smoke fills London Underground train at Oxford Circus forcing evacuation
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: breaking news
London Oxford Circus Tube Station   Bakerloo line train tour
London Oxford Circus Tube Station Bakerloo line train tour
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: Ram Family
coming out of Oxford circus tube station
coming out of Oxford circus tube station
Published: 2013/03/03
Channel: TheHeathRobinson
Oxford circus underground station in a very busy hot sommer afternoon
Oxford circus underground station in a very busy hot sommer afternoon
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: namard01
London Underground Bakerloo line journey Paddington to Oxford Circus 1972 stock
London Underground Bakerloo line journey Paddington to Oxford Circus 1972 stock
Published: 2016/01/30
Channel: Techandtrains101
BALHAM TO OXFORD CIRCUS STATION BY TUBE LONDON
BALHAM TO OXFORD CIRCUS STATION BY TUBE LONDON
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: LONDON 24 HOURS
Guitarra eléctrica, Miguel Montalban, Oxford Circus Station
Guitarra eléctrica, Miguel Montalban, Oxford Circus Station
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Yan luigi matta talents
Oxford Circus | Victoria Line | London Underground
Oxford Circus | Victoria Line | London Underground
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: OMG Train
Violinist at Oxford Circus tube station
Violinist at Oxford Circus tube station
Published: 2011/02/02
Channel: DigitalCrimson
London Underground: Oxford Circus | Victoria line (2009 Tube Stock)
London Underground: Oxford Circus | Victoria line (2009 Tube Stock)
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: ACC84 Metro & Trains
Victoria Line Oxford Circus station
Victoria Line Oxford Circus station
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: Gregory Rutledge
London Oxford Circus Underground
London Oxford Circus Underground
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Alina Alina
FIRE IN OXFORD CIRCUS TUBE|Thames News
FIRE IN OXFORD CIRCUS TUBE|Thames News
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Thames News
Terrifying moment Londoners trapped in tube filling with smoke!
Terrifying moment Londoners trapped in tube filling with smoke!
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: saf
Fight in Oxford Circus London
Fight in Oxford Circus London
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: BluelightTV​
Salvation Army @ Oxford Circus Underground Station
Salvation Army @ Oxford Circus Underground Station
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: iWatchingMatthew
UNDERGROUND STATIONS: Oxford Circus: Police
UNDERGROUND STATIONS: Oxford Circus: Police
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: Thames News
Street performer at Oxford Circus Tube Station
Street performer at Oxford Circus Tube Station
Published: 2013/04/25
Channel: Peter Mount
Oxford Circus Tube Station People Watching
Oxford Circus Tube Station People Watching
Published: 2010/02/19
Channel: Brent Payne
Oxford Circus, London underground
Oxford Circus, London underground
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: John Doe
Entrance Escalators Bank 1: Victoria Line, Oxford Circus Tube Station, London, UK
Entrance Escalators Bank 1: Victoria Line, Oxford Circus Tube Station, London, UK
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: SeminoleVators
Walking London Oxford Circus to Piccadilly Circus
Walking London Oxford Circus to Piccadilly Circus
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: silverprincess007
London Underground: Paddington to Oxford Circus
London Underground: Paddington to Oxford Circus
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: Surya Tripathee
1980s Oxford Street Shoppers, London, Oxford Circus, Summer
1980s Oxford Street Shoppers, London, Oxford Circus, Summer
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: thekinolibrary
Oxford Circus Station Crowd Loading Tube
Oxford Circus Station Crowd Loading Tube
Published: 2010/02/19
Channel: Brent Payne
London
London's Oxford Street (Oxford Circus Station) - HD
Published: 2012/05/28
Channel: Darieh
London - Oxford Circus
London - Oxford Circus
Published: 2015/11/05
Channel: Gianpaolo Picone
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Oxford Circus London Underground
Oxford Circus stn Bakerloo building.jpg
Bakerloo line surface building
Oxford Circus is located in Central London
Oxford Circus
Oxford Circus
Location of Oxford Circus in Central London
Location Oxford Circus
Local authority City of Westminster
Managed by London Underground
Owner Transport for London
Number of platforms 6
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 85.25 million[1]
2014 Increase 98.51 million[1]
2015 Decrease 92.36 million[1]
2016 Decrease 83.26 million[1]
Key dates
1900 CLR opened
1906 BS&WR opened
1969 Victoria line opened
Listed status
Listed feature Original CLR and BS&WR buildings.
Listing grade II[2][3]
Entry number 1400976 (CLR)[2][4]
1401022 (BS&WR)[3][4]
Added to list 20 July 2011
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°30′55″N 0°08′30″W / 51.51519°N 0.1416°W / 51.51519; -0.1416Coordinates: 51°30′55″N 0°08′30″W / 51.51519°N 0.1416°W / 51.51519; -0.1416
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal

Oxford Circus is a London Underground station serving Oxford Circus at the junction of Regent Street and Oxford Street, with entrances on all four corners of the intersection. The station is an interchange between the Bakerloo, Central and Victoria lines.[5] It is the busiest rapid-transit station in the United Kingdom, with 98.51 million entries and exits in 2014.[6] On the Central line it is between Bond Street and Tottenham Court Road, on the Bakerloo line it is between Regent's Park and Piccadilly Circus, and on the Victoria line it is between Green Park and Warren Street. The station is in Travelcard Zone 1.[5]

The Central line station opened on 30 July 1900, and the Bakerloo line station on 10 March 1906. Both are Grade II listed. The station was rebuilt in 1912 to relieve congestion. Further congestion led to another reconstruction in 1923. Numerous improvements were made as part of the New Works Programme and as a flood protection measure. To accommodate additional passengers on the Victoria line, a new ticket hall was built. The Victoria line station opened on 7 March 1969, including cross-platform interchange with the Bakerloo line.

History[edit]

Central line[edit]

Route diagram showing the original route between Shepherd's Bush and Cornhill (Bank).

In the 1890s, the Central London Railway (CLR) published a notice of a private bill that would be presented to Parliament for the 1890 parliamentary session.[7] The bill planned an underground route between Shepherd's Bush[8] and Cornhill (now Bank station).[9][10][note 1] These plans were accepted by both Houses of Parliament on 5 August 1891.[13][note 2]

The CLR employed the engineers James Henry Greathead, Sir John Fowler, and Sir Benjamin Baker to design the railway.[15][note 3] The official opening of the CLR (now the Central line) by the Prince of Wales took place on 27 June 1900;[18] it was opened to the public on 30 July.[19][20] Oxford Circus station opened as part of the first section of the line, between Shepherd's Bush and Bank.[19][note 4] As part of the 1935—40 New Works Programme, the misaligned tunnels of the central section on the Central line that slowed running speeds were corrected[23][note 5] and the platforms lengthened to accommodate longer trains.[19]

Bakerloo line[edit]

Route diagram which shows the original route running from Baker Street to Waterloo.

In November 1891, notice was given of a private bill that would be presented to Parliament for the construction of the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line).[25] The railway was planned to run entirely underground from Marylebone[26] to Elephant & Castle[27] via Baker Street and Waterloo.[25] The route was approved in 1900.[28][29] Construction commenced in August 1898[30] under the direction of Sir Benjamin Baker, W.R. Galbraith and R.F. Church.[31] The works were carried out by Perry & Company of Tregedar Works, Bow.[31][note 6] Oxford Circus was altered below ground following a Board of Trade inspection; at the end of 1905, the first test trains began running.[35] The official opening of the BS&WR by Sir Edwin Cornwall took place on 10 March 1906.[36] The first section of the BS&WR was between Baker Street and Lambeth North, then known as Kennington Road.[37]

Victoria line[edit]

A proposal for a new underground railway running from Victoria to Walthamstow was first proposed by a Working Party set up by the British Transport Commission in 1948,[38] though that largely followed a 1946 plan for an East Croydon to Finsbury Park line.[39][note 7] A route was approved in 1955 with future extensions to be decided later,[42][note 8] though funding for the construction was not approved by the government until 1962.[44] Construction began in 1962 on the initial Walthamstow to Victoria section.[45] The Victoria line platforms opened on 7 March 1969.[40] The station opened as part of a second extension from Warren Street to Victoria.[40] Cross-platform interchange between the Bakerloo and Victoria lines was provided by constructing the Victoria line platforms parallel to the Bakerloo ones.[37][40]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 23 November 1984, during renovation works, the station suffered a severe fire which burned out the northbound Victoria line platform.[43] It is believed that the fire was caused by smoking materials being pushed through a ventilation grille into a storeroom where they set several materials on fire.[43] This caused the Victoria line between Warren Street and Victoria to be suspended until 18 December the same year.[40] This incident also led to a smoking ban being introduced on trains in July 1984.[46]
  • On 3 March 1997, a train derailment caused the northbound Bakerloo line service between Piccadilly Circus and Oxford Circus to be suspended for 12 days.[37]
  • On 11 August 2017, a fire occurred on a Bakerloo Line train, which was evacuated at Oxford Circus. Services were suspended between Elephant and Castle and Paddington.[47]

Station building[edit]

Bakerloo and Central lines[edit]

The CLR and BSWR had separate surface buildings and lift shafts.[43] The station buildings, which remain today as exits from the station,[2] were built on very confined plots on either side of Argyll Street on the south side of Oxford Street, just east of the circus itself.[43] The stations as originally built were entirely separate, but connecting passages were soon provided at platform level.[43] The surviving Central London Railway building to the east of Argyll Street is the best surviving example of stations designed by Harry Bell Measures,[2][43] and the Bakerloo line building to the west is a classic Leslie Green structure.[3][43] Both are Grade II listed since 20 July 2011.[2][3][4]

The busy Central line platform, as seen in December 2004, showing its narrow width.

Almost from the outset, overcrowding has been a constant problem, and there have been numerous improvements to the facilities and below-ground arrangements to deal with this.[43][48] After much discussion between the then two separate operators, a major reconstruction began in 1912.[43] This entailed a new ticket hall, serving both lines, being built in the basement of the Bakerloo station, with the Bakerloo lifts removed and new deep-level escalators opened down to the Bakerloo line level.[43] Access to the CLR was by way of existing deep-level subways.[43] The new works came into use on 9 May 1914 with the CLR lifts still available for passengers.[43] By 1923 even this rearrangement was unable to cope, so a second rebuilding began.[43] This involved a second set of escalators being built directly down to the Central line[48] and the CLR station building becoming exit-only.[43] On 2 October 1928, a third escalator leading to the Bakerloo platforms was opened.[43][48] Unusually, lifts came back into prominence at an Underground station when, in 1942, a set of high-speed lifts came into use, largely used as an exit route from the Central line platforms directly to the Argyll Street exit building.[43]

The station was closed between 31 August and 20 November 1939 to facilitate flood protection works for the preparation of The Second World War.[19][37] Although street access was closed, trains still called, and interchange between the Bakerloo and Central lines was still possible within the station.[19][37]

Victoria line[edit]

Station reconstruction to accommodate the Victoria line was described as the most time-consuming for the Victoria line project.[43][note 9] To handle the additional Victoria line passenger loads, a new ticket hall was constructed directly under the road junction.[2] Separate banks of escalators to each line were to be built, with the existing structure to be used as exits with The lifts to be removed. A new one-way interchange subways system was to be built between the Bakerloo/Victoria lines and the Central line. To excavate the new ticket hall below the roadway, traffic was diverted for five and a half years (August 1963 to Easter 1968) onto a temporary bridge-like structure known as the "umbrella" covering the Regent Street/Oxford Street intersection.[43] It consisted of 245 pieces of separate prefabricated steel work. The deck plates were placed on top of a system of steel girders which in turn rested on 25 cylindrical 3 ft diameter concrete foundations, sunk from 43 up to 73 ft deep at night. The cylindrical piles had to clear the sites of the main and secondary roof beams of the new ticket hall and various low-level obstructions. The piles had to be built with wide footings to avoid them from collapsing. Service tunnels were constructed to carry water mains and telecom cables past the new ticket hall.[43] The umbrella deck was extended eastwards along Oxford Street to facilitate the construction of a connecting passageway between the old and new ticket halls during the weekend of the August Bank Holiday in 1966. Construction of the Victoria line station tunnels with their platforms, the new escalator shafts and the linking passages to the Central line platforms was carried out from access shafts sunk from nearby Cavendish Square, Upper Regent Street and Argyll Street.[note 10] For the construction of the southbound Victoria line platform tunnel, a special design of tunnel segment, fabricated with mild steel was adopted as there was limited space available for the construction of the platform tunnel.[43] A pre-stressed concrete raft was constructed below the Peter Robinson's third basement level as an extra precaution against settlement before driving the platform tunnel.[note 11] The interchange passageway between the Central line and the Bakerloo line in the area of the former junction with the Bakerloo line lift landing was replaced by the southbound Victoria line platform tunnel.[note 12] From there, a pilot tunnel Ventilation systems were rearranged with a new ventilation plant installed in the former Bakerloo line lift shaft. A new substation for the Bakerloo line was built at the bottom of the shaft.[note 13] With the additional escalators in place, the one-way circulation scheme was introduced and the remaining lifts were removed.[43]

The station today[edit]

In 2007 the station underwent a major modernisation,[49] removing the murals installed on the Central and Bakerloo line platforms in the 1980s and replacing them with plain white tiles,[49] in a style similar to those used when the station opened in 1900.[43] One 1980s mural remains on one of the platforms.[50] The Central line platform works were substantially complete and a new Station Operations Room at top level opened.[49] This enabled the entire CCTV system to be switched over to new recordable digital technology.[49] The original motifs designed by Hans Unger on the Victoria line platforms were restored.[51]

Oxford Circus station has 14 escalators.[52][note 14] Major escalator refurbishment took place in 2010–11.[54] Platform humps were also installed at the station to provide step-free access to trains.[55][56][note 15] The Victoria line humps resemble in form the Harrington Hump.[57]

Services and connections[edit]

Services[edit]

A Bakerloo line train arrives at the northbound platform, looking south.

Bakerloo line[edit]

On this line, the station is between Regent's Park and Piccadilly Circus stations.[5] The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) operating during off-peak hours weekdays and all day Saturday is as follows:

Weekday peak service operates with one or two additional Queen's Park-Elephant & Castle trains per hour, and Sunday service operates with two fewer Queen's Park-Elephant & Castle trains per hour during the core of the day. Note that the Bakerloo Line operates a little less frequently than the Central and Victoria lines.[58]

Central line[edit]

On this line, the station is between Bond Street and Tottenham Court Road stations.[5] The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is as follows:

Night Tube services on Friday and Saturday nights operate 6tph in each direction.

Victoria line[edit]

On this line, the station is located between Warren Street and Green Park.[5] The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) operating during midday and evening hours weekdays and Saturdays and all day Sundays is as follows:[59]

Weekday peak service operates at 36tph (beginning May 2017), and Saturday afternoon/early evening service operates at 30tph. Night tube service throughout the night on Fridays and Saturdays operates at 6tph.

Connections[edit]

London Bus routes 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13, 23, 25, 55, 73, 88, 94, 98, 113, 137, 139, 159, 390, 453 and C2,[60] and night routes N3, N7, N8, N18, N55, N73, N98, N109, N113, N136, N137 and N207[60][61] serve the station. Additionally, bus routes 6, 10, 12, 23, 25, 88, 94, 139, 159, 390, 453 and C2 provide a 24-hour bus service.[60][61]

Nearby attractions[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The initial bill was approved by the House of Commons, but was rejected by the House of Lords, which recommended that any decision be suspended until after the City and South London Railway (C&SLR) had opened.[11] The proposals faced strong objections from the Metropolitan and District Railways (MR and DR) whose routes on the Inner Circle, (now the Circle line, a sub-surface loop line operated jointly by the MR and the DR)[12] to the north and the south respectively, the CLR route paralleled; and from which the new line was expected to take passengers.[11]
  2. ^ Intermediate stations were added at Lansdowne Road, Notting Hill Gate, Davies Street (which the CLR planned to extend northwards to meet Oxford Street) and at Chancery Lane.[14]
  3. ^ Work began with demolition of buildings at the Chancery Lane site in April 1896 and construction shafts were started at Chancery Lane, Shepherd's Bush, Stanhope Terrace and Bloomsbury in August and September 1896.[16] Tunnelling was completed by the end of 1898.[17]
  4. ^ This included the opening of British Museum station which closed in 1933 (replaced by Holborn station).[21][22]
  5. ^ The original tubes had a nominal diameter of 3.56 metres (11 1116 ft)[19] because a planned concrete lining to the cast iron tunnel rings was not installed.[24] However, the tubes were not well aligned, and trains had to be significantly smaller than expected (the initial CLR locomotive was not able to fit into the tube until the rails had been replaced by shallower ones).[19] Because of the way the tunnel was enlarged, it is no longer that round, and for clearance reasons the outside positive rail has a special shape and placed 4 centimetres (1 12 in) higher than usual.[19]
  6. ^ By November 1899 the northbound tunnel reached Trafalgar Square and work on some of the station sites was started, but the collapse of the L&GFC in 1900 led to works gradually coming to a halt. When the UERL was constituted in April 1902, 50 per cent of the tunnelling and 25 per cent of the station work was completed.[32] With funds in place, work restarted and proceeded at a rate of 73 feet (22.25 m) per week,[33] so that by February 1904 virtually all of the tunnels and underground parts of the stations between Elephant & Castle and Marylebone were complete and works on the station buildings were under way.[34] The additional stations were incorporated as work continued elsewhere.[35]
  7. ^ These plans include "Route 8 – South to North link from East Croydon to Finsbury Park", a main-line service running between Norbury and Hornsey in tunnel,[39] a tube line running into north-east London between Coulsdon North or Sanderstead and Walthamstow (Hoe Street) or Waltham Cross.[40] Several feasibility studies were carried out to form a combined route, "Route C" running between Walthamstow and Victoria via Oxford Circus.[40][41]
  8. ^ The route originally avoided Oxford Circus with alternatives via Bond Street and Tottenham Court Road stations.[43] It was later noted that 'satisfactory cross-platform interchange' could be provided here, but only if the route is worked with a standard size tube stock, since there is restricted available space here.[43]
  9. ^ The works were complexed as work had to be carried out whilst keeping the station open without upsetting the traffic above the worksite. Due to this issue, lengthy access tunnels had to be built.[43]
  10. ^ To this day, traffic passing through the Oxford Circus intersection travels directly over the roof of the ticket office.[43]
  11. ^ This would further reduce the risks of settlement during the time the tunnel face was passing below and spreading the load from the isolated foundation piles more uniformly over the tunnel-in effect making the tunnel itself the base of the foundation.[43]
  12. ^ The southbound line runs along the former entrance passageway and was connected to the abandoned stair shaft through the original cross passage to relieve congestion.[43]
  13. ^ This was used as an example to fit in another at Holborn.[43]
  14. ^ Although there are many escalators, this does not provide escalator-only access.[53]
  15. ^ This project was in accordance with the Rail Vehicle Accessibility (Non Interoperable Rail System) Regulations 2010 and the Disability Discrimination Act 1995.[55][56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Historic England. "Oxford Circus Underground Station at the north-east corner of Argyll Street and Oxford Street, including offices above (1400976)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Oxford Circus Underground Station entrance on north-west corner of Argyll Street and Oxford Street (1401022)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "16 London Underground Stations Listed at Grade II". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Transport for London (January 2016). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "London Underground Multi-year Station Entry-and-exit Figures". Transport for London. June 2015. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "No. 25996". The London Gazette. 26 November 1889. pp. 6640–6642. 
  8. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 47.
  9. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 43.
  10. ^ "No. 26109". The London Gazette. 25 November 1890. pp. 6570–6572. 
  11. ^ a b Badsey-Ellis 2005, pp. 44–45.
  12. ^ Feather, Clive. "Circle line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "No. 26190". The London Gazette. 7 August 1891. p. 4245. 
  14. ^ Day & Reed 2008, p. 52.
  15. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 52.
  16. ^ Bruce & Croome 2006, p. 6.
  17. ^ Wolmar 2005, p. 149.
  18. ^ Bruce & Croome 2006, p. 7.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Feather, Clive. "Central line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  20. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 56.
  21. ^ Rose 1999.
  22. ^ "No. 28776". The London Gazette. 25 November 1913. pp. 8539–8541. 
  23. ^ Bruce & Croome 2006, pp. 37–38.
  24. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 53.
  25. ^ a b "No. 26225". The London Gazette. 20 November 1891. pp. 6145–6147. 
  26. ^ "No. 26767". The London Gazette. 11 August 1896. pp. 4572–4573. 
  27. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, pp. 84–85.
  28. ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005, p. 56.
  29. ^ "No. 27218". The London Gazette. 7 August 1900. pp. 4857–4858. 
  30. ^ Wolmar 2005, p. 168.
  31. ^ a b Lee, Charles E. (March 1956). "Jubilee of the Bakerloo Railway – 1". The Railway Magazine: 149–156. 
  32. ^ "The Underground Electric Railways Company Of London (Limited)". The Times (36738): 12. 10 April 1902. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  33. ^ Day & Reed 2008, p. 69.
  34. ^ "Railway And Other Companies – Baker Street and Waterloo Railway". The Times (37319): 14. 17 February 1904. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  35. ^ a b Wolmar 2005, p. 173.
  36. ^ Horne 2001, p. 17.
  37. ^ a b c d e Feather, Clive. "Bakerloo line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  38. ^ Wolmar 2005, p. 298.
  39. ^ a b Railway (London Plan) Committee 1946
  40. ^ a b c d e f Feather, Clive. "Victoria line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  41. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 148.
  42. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 153.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Mike, Horne. "The Story of a Station — Oxford Circus" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  44. ^ Day & Reed 2010, p. 160.
  45. ^ "London's new tube starts work". Modern Railways. Shepperton, Middlesex: Ian Allan Ltd. XXIV (241): 532. October 1968. 
  46. ^ "1984: London tube fire traps hundreds". BBC News. 23 November 1984. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  47. ^ Hartley-Parkinson, Richard. "‘Tube fire’ at Oxford Circus sparks evacuation in central London". Metro. Associated Newspapers. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  48. ^ a b c Horne 2001, pp. 38–39.
  49. ^ a b c d "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  50. ^ "Oxford Circus Station". PastScape. Historic England. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  51. ^ Hans Unger motif on one of the Victoria line platforms.
  52. ^ "Tube Stations with the most escalators". Tube Facts and Figures. Geofftech. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  53. ^ "Avoiding stairs Tube guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 December 2014. 
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Bibliography[edit]

  • Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's Lost Tube Schemes. Harrow: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-293-1. 
  • Bruce, J Graeme; Croome, Desmond F (2006) [1996]. The Central Line. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-297-6. 
  • Day, John R.; Reed, John (2010) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground. Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-341-9. 
  • Day, John R.; Reed, John (2008) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground (10th ed.). Harrow: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-316-7. 
  • Horne, Mike (2001). The Bakerloo Line: An Illustrated History. Harrow: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-248-1. 
  • Railway (London Plan) Committee (1946). Report to the Minister of War Transport. HMSO. 
  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  • Wolmar, Christian (2005) [2004]. The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. London: Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1-84354-023-6. 

External links[edit]

  Current service  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Bakerloo line
Central line
towards Epping, Hainault
or Woodford (via Hainault)
towards Brixton
Victoria line

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