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ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Hakalama: Pūnana Leo
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Hakalama: Pūnana Leo's Literacy Program
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: OiwiTV
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | What is Pūnana Leo?
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | What is Pūnana Leo?
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: OiwiTV
ʻAha Pūnana Leo: ʻĀkūloia
ʻAha Pūnana Leo: ʻĀkūloia
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: OiwiTV
Aha Puka Kula Punana Leo O Maui 2013
Aha Puka Kula Punana Leo O Maui 2013
Published: 2014/04/01
Channel: PureDIGITALMaui
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Aukahi
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Aukahi
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: OiwiTV
Nā Keiki o ka Pūnana Leo o Honolulu
Nā Keiki o ka Pūnana Leo o Honolulu
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: roxy kalei
Pūnana Leo o Hawai
Pūnana Leo o Hawai'i at Kamakakuokalani
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: leeohanahawaii
E Ola Ka ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi
E Ola Ka ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi
Published: 2011/05/31
Channel: ahaioleloola
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Hope for Kids (2009-2015)
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Hope for Kids (2009-2015)
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation
Pūnana Leo o O
Pūnana Leo o O'ahu at 2012 Makahiki Maoli Festival
Published: 2012/11/18
Channel: leeohanahawaii
ʻAha Pūnana Leo Behind the Scenes 2014
ʻAha Pūnana Leo Behind the Scenes 2014
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Maria Kashem
Kizoa Movie - Video - Slideshow Maker: Punana Leo o Ko
Kizoa Movie - Video - Slideshow Maker: Punana Leo o Ko'olau Loa
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: Jerica Nae'ole
Pūnana Leo o Ko
Pūnana Leo o Ko'olaupoko
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Nohea Kealoha
Pūnana Leo O Wai
Pūnana Leo O Wai'anae 2011-2012, Lā Kahakai ma Pōka'ī
Published: 2012/08/31
Channel: Sam Kamu Kapoi
Punana Leo
Punana Leo
Published: 2012/11/22
Channel: Pure Pacific
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Raising Change Agents
ʻAha Pūnana Leo | Raising Change Agents
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: OiwiTV
Pūnana Leo o Honolulu Performing at Hoʻomau 2013
Pūnana Leo o Honolulu Performing at Hoʻomau 2013
Published: 2013/02/17
Channel: roxy kalei
Aha Punana Leo
Aha Punana Leo
Published: 2009/11/17
Channel: ahapunanaleo
Hawaiian Language Online ~ Aha Punana Leo presents Niuolahiki
Hawaiian Language Online ~ Aha Punana Leo presents Niuolahiki
Published: 2009/10/22
Channel: ahapunanaleo
Lā Kupuna - Pūnana Leo o Ko
Lā Kupuna - Pūnana Leo o Ko'olau Poko mā Pū'ōhala
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: leeohanahawaii
Without Hawaiian Its Just Not The Same
Without Hawaiian Its Just Not The Same
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: Hawaiian Productions
Aha punana leo
Aha punana leo
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Ana Grant
Pūnana Leo o Honolulu Lā Kupuna
Pūnana Leo o Honolulu Lā Kupuna
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: roxy kalei
Na Keiki
Na Keiki 'O Ka Punana Leo O Maui
Published: 2011/04/19
Channel: hulalady100
Ho
Ho'omau 2012 - Pūnana Leo o Maui
Published: 2012/03/25
Channel: Shanna Badon Dellomes
Punana Leo
Punana Leo 'o Maui
Published: 2015/05/06
Channel: Keneke Kekona
ʻŌiwi TV | Hoʻomau Oʻahu 2015 Part 1
ʻŌiwi TV | Hoʻomau Oʻahu 2015 Part 1
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: OiwiTV
Hoomau 2010 KPOA 93.5 FM Punana Leo O Maui.wmv
Hoomau 2010 KPOA 93.5 FM Punana Leo O Maui.wmv
Published: 2010/03/08
Channel: Maui Now
Punana Leo O Molokai Ho`omau 2009
Punana Leo O Molokai Ho`omau 2009
Published: 2009/03/19
Channel: molokaimatt
Wailuku Headstart and Punana Leo O Maui preschoolers singing "Proud Mary" in Hawaiian
Wailuku Headstart and Punana Leo O Maui preschoolers singing "Proud Mary" in Hawaiian
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: Maui No Ka Oi
Punana Leo O Wai
Punana Leo O Wai'anae - ʻImi'imi Wahi Pana Commercial
Published: 2012/05/02
Channel: Sam Kamu Kapoi
DADDY-Pomai Brown PSA for Punana Leo O Kona - Ka La Spooky
DADDY-Pomai Brown PSA for Punana Leo O Kona - Ka La Spooky
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: Pomai Brown
2015 Punana Leo
2015 Punana Leo's Graduation Ceremony
Published: 2015/06/28
Channel: Cameron Hiro
Aha Punana Leo O Waianae Sing to Governor Abercrombie
Aha Punana Leo O Waianae Sing to Governor Abercrombie
Published: 2014/10/24
Channel: Neil Abercrombie
Punana Leo Keiki
Punana Leo Keiki
Published: 2012/11/22
Channel: Pure Pacific
Punana Leo
Punana Leo
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Ana Grant
Na keiki o Pūnana Leo o Honolulu
Na keiki o Pūnana Leo o Honolulu
Published: 2012/12/17
Channel: roxy kalei
Aha punana Leo immersion school
Aha punana Leo immersion school
Published: 2012/04/30
Channel: Ana Grant
KOKUA-Punana Leo o Kona Fundraiser April 5, 2014
KOKUA-Punana Leo o Kona Fundraiser April 5, 2014
Published: 2014/04/07
Channel: Pomai Brown
Punana Leo o Honolulu La Kupuna
Punana Leo o Honolulu La Kupuna
Published: 2008/09/20
Channel: mauibuilt1977
Ka Hula Piko 2016 - Punana Leo O Molokai - song
Ka Hula Piko 2016 - Punana Leo O Molokai - song
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: paisleypal
Ua Hele Ka Nananana
Ua Hele Ka Nananana
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: Kumu Kaai
Don
Don't Know Why by Norah Jones - Loki & Kaai
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: Kumu Kaai
Puka Kula @ Punana Leo o Honolulu 2009
Puka Kula @ Punana Leo o Honolulu 2009
Published: 2009/06/25
Channel: missaloha81
Ho
Ho'omau 2011 - A fundraiser for Punana Leo O Maui - March 26, 2011 - by Wendy Osher
Published: 2011/04/05
Channel: Maui Now
Pāʻina Kalikimaka 2011 - Pūnana Leo o Maui
Pāʻina Kalikimaka 2011 - Pūnana Leo o Maui
Published: 2011/12/12
Channel: Shanna Badon Dellomes
Punana Leo o Waianae Pre-School Project
Punana Leo o Waianae Pre-School Project
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Tom Anusewicz
Lesson 4 Punana Leo Section 2
Lesson 4 Punana Leo Section 2
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: rio akkie
Makahiki Maoli 2012 - Hukihuki - Makuakane O Punana Leo O Waiʻanae
Makahiki Maoli 2012 - Hukihuki - Makuakane O Punana Leo O Waiʻanae
Published: 2012/02/16
Channel: Sam Kamu Kapoi
ʻŌiwi TV | Hoʻomau Oʻahu 2015 Part 3
ʻŌiwi TV | Hoʻomau Oʻahu 2015 Part 3
Published: 2015/02/20
Channel: OiwiTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Pūnana Leo (Hawaiian: "voice nest"; often translated as "language nest") are private, non-profit preschools run by families, in which the Hawaiian language is the language of instruction and administration.

Initially opened illegally, the first Pūnana Leo opened in 1984 in Kekaha, Kaua'i. Based on the practices of 19th-century Hawaiian-language schools, as well as the Kohanga reo Māori language kindergartens in New Zealand, the Pūnana Leo was the first indigenous language immersion preschool project in the United States (Wilson 1999b:4). Graduates from the Pūnana Leo schools have achieved several measures of academic success in later life.

As of 2013, there were a total of 11 Pūnana Leo preschools, with locations on five of the Hawaiian islands.[1]

History[edit]

Establishment of the Pūnana Leo schools involved a long political struggle, including boycotts of the public schools[2] (Wilson 1998a:335–336; McCarty 2003:155). Using the Hawaiian language as a medium of education was outlawed in 1896, and legal constraints against its use were maintained by territorial and U.S. state governments until 1986 (Wilson 1998b:128–129). A renaissance of Hawaiian culture and politics in the 1970s brought a new focus to the topic of the revitalization of the Hawaiian language. Among its many consequences was the reestablishment of Hawaiian as an official language by a state constitutional convention in 1978, as part of a recognition of the cultural and linguistic rights of the people of Hawaii.

Despite the revitalization of the Hawaiian language, many legal barriers remained in force as a legacy of past policies. In particular, public school education using Hawaiian as the language of instruction was banned by a law requiring the use of English as the medium of instruction through grade eight. The law more relevant to the private Pūnana Leo was one which effectively banned the last remaining native speakers of Hawaiian from being teachers because they lacked, and were very unlikely ever to obtain, the proper credentials (Wilson 1998b:132; Wilson 1999a:333). The initial removal of these legal barriers required three years of lobbying by families supporting the Pūnana Leo schools. Opponents to the lobbying effort, including in particular the existing the preschool establishment, cited the potential harm to a child’s development that being educated by untrained individuals might cause (Wilson 1999a:333). After laws were revised,[3] the public school system was slow to provide Hawaiian-language instruction across all age levels of students, so parents in different communities began to boycott the public schools at each stage as their children advanced from preschool to kindergarten to elementary school to middle school, in a progression from "an initially illegal preschool to a boycott kindergarten, a state elementary school, [and] a boycott intermediate school" (Wilson 1999b:4; Wilson 1998b:132).

Eventually, these efforts led to the establishment of immersion streams or tracks, known as "schools-within-schools," within existing school facilities(McCarty 2003:153). Today the Pūnana Leo preschools form the core of the ‘Aha Pūnana Leo "Language nest corporation" or "Language nest gathering" [4](Wilson & Kamana 2001:149), the organization which has provided the impetus for the reestablishment of a Hawaiian-language educational system which also includes K–12 immersion schools and doctoral-level programs in the language (McIvor 2005:10; Leo 2006). The ‘Aha Pūnana Leo produces curriculum and teacher training for its preschools. The first-ever class of Pūnana Leo students graduated from high school in 1999, and in 2002 the Hilo campus of the University of Hawaii awarded the first master's degree completed entirely in the Hawaiian language (Edwards 2002). As of 2006, there were a total of 11 Pūnana Leo preschools, with locations on five of the Hawaiian islands: Hawai‘i, Maui, Moloka‘i, O‘ahu and Kaua‘i (Leo 2006).

Goals[edit]

The schools' goals include revitalization of the indigenous language, fostering Hawaiian identity, and "other central features of a person's life and the life of a people" (Wilson & Kamana 2001:161). Their community-based, Hawaiian educational philosophy – Ke Kumu Honua Mauli Ola – includes the use of parental labor through in-kind service, and requires that parents attended language classes and administer the schools through a parent committee (McCarty 1998:320). This philosophy was based on the practices of 19th-century Hawaiian-medium schools (Wilson 1998a:337 n 6), as well as the Kohanga reo Māori language kindergartens in New Zealand. The curriculum includes Hawaiian cultural practices such as gardening native plants and the foliage for lei; visiting historically significant sites; and the culturally-important practice of ho'okipa (hospitality). Although classes are conducted in Hawaiian, they are functionally different from foreign-language immersion schools.

Although early opponents suggested the Pūnana Leo schools would harm students' academic development, graduates from the schools have achieved several measures of academic success in later life. This is true despite the fact that the emphasis of the schools is on language revitalization rather than academic achievement: "Immersion students have garnered prestigious scholarships, enrolled in college courses while still in high school, and passed the state university's English composition assessments, despite receiving the majority of their English, science and mathematics instruction in Hawaiian. Student achievement on standardised tests has equalled... [or] surpassed that of Native Hawaiian children enrolled in English language schools, even in English language arts (McCarty 2006:38)." These academic benefits come in addition to language revitalization and an increased realization of cultural pride.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "2012-2013 Biennial Report" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  2. ^ Neason, Alexandria. "How Hawaiian Came Back From the Dead". www.slate.com. Slate. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  3. ^ For an expanded discussion of this process, see (Wilson 1998a) online, or its reprint as (Wilson 1999a).
  4. ^ "Punana Leo o Maui to celebrate 30 years of perpetuating Hawaiian language at Ho‘omau 2017". Lahaina News. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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