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1
JPR ft. Bruno PC & Soraia S - Quero-te
JPR ft. Bruno PC & Soraia S - Quero-te
::2013/04/22::
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2
Marlene ft. Bruno PC - Até ao Fim (Lyrics)
Marlene ft. Bruno PC - Até ao Fim (Lyrics)
::2013/12/03::
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3
Bruno PC -  You know I love you so (Official Videoclip)
Bruno PC - You know I love you so (Official Videoclip)
::2013/08/14::
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4
Bruno PC - Wrecking Ball (Cover)
Bruno PC - Wrecking Ball (Cover)
::2013/09/15::
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5
Bruno PC ft. Claudia Sousa - When you believe (Cover)
Bruno PC ft. Claudia Sousa - When you believe (Cover)
::2013/10/08::
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6
Bruno PC - Say something (Cover)
Bruno PC - Say something (Cover)
::2014/02/15::
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7
Bruno PC - Demons (Cover)
Bruno PC - Demons (Cover)
::2013/06/25::
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8
Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva - Endless Love (Cover)
Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva - Endless Love (Cover)
::2013/12/24::
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9
Beyonce - XO (Cover by Bruno PC ft. Rita Dias)
Beyonce - XO (Cover by Bruno PC ft. Rita Dias)
::2014/03/30::
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10
Bruno PC - Heart Attack (Male Cover)
Bruno PC - Heart Attack (Male Cover)
::2013/05/20::
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11
Mr. PC - BRUNO SANTOS - ELIEL MOURA - EMERSON ARSY - MARLON ALOIR
Mr. PC - BRUNO SANTOS - ELIEL MOURA - EMERSON ARSY - MARLON ALOIR
::2009/06/11::
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12
Lets Sing PC Bruno Mars  Grenade  The best singing Ever clip
Lets Sing PC Bruno Mars Grenade The best singing Ever clip
::2014/02/16::
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13
F1 Race Stars (PC) Correndo com Bruno Senna
F1 Race Stars (PC) Correndo com Bruno Senna
::2012/11/25::
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14
[PC] Dica do Bruno Gimenes para os Coaches. A importância do ser!
[PC] Dica do Bruno Gimenes para os Coaches. A importância do ser!
::2014/02/25::
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15
eu jogando nba no pc.(bruno montes)
eu jogando nba no pc.(bruno montes)
::2013/06/08::
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16
Clean Bandit - Rather Be feat. Jess Glynne (Cover by Bruno PC)
Clean Bandit - Rather Be feat. Jess Glynne (Cover by Bruno PC)
::2014/03/11::
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17
Minecraft PC-Team Bruno Server Review
Minecraft PC-Team Bruno Server Review
::2014/01/20::
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18
Mari Cabral, PC Siqueira, La Fenix, Bruno Sutter, Luciano Huqui, Serguei e Elcio na Youpix
Mari Cabral, PC Siqueira, La Fenix, Bruno Sutter, Luciano Huqui, Serguei e Elcio na Youpix
::2012/05/12::
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19
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO SÁ #25
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO SÁ #25
::2014/04/22::
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20
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham)      Ezequiel Lavezzi .  Dando um show de bola !!!.
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Ezequiel Lavezzi . Dando um show de bola !!!.
::2012/10/18::
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21
Ellen
Ellen's in Bruno Mars' Ear
::2014/02/10::
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22
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO RODRIGUES #6
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO RODRIGUES #6
::2013/10/15::
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23
Where is you and me (Original) | Cláudia Sousa ft. Bruno PC
Where is you and me (Original) | Cláudia Sousa ft. Bruno PC
::2013/07/27::
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24
Bruno Joga: Crysis 2 ! Meu PC Rodou e a Diversão de um Noob ◄GTX550ti► =]
Bruno Joga: Crysis 2 ! Meu PC Rodou e a Diversão de um Noob ◄GTX550ti► =]
::2013/08/22::
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25
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham)  Gol De falta Neymar !!!!!
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Gol De falta Neymar !!!!!
::2012/10/18::
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26
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Ezequiel Lavezzi golaço caneta nele !!!!.
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Ezequiel Lavezzi golaço caneta nele !!!!.
::2012/10/18::
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27
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) gol de daniel alves de fora da area  !!
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) gol de daniel alves de fora da area !!
::2012/10/15::
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28
Manifestazione  a Bruno  Asti P.C. del 13 10 2013
Manifestazione a Bruno Asti P.C. del 13 10 2013
::2013/11/07::
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29
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) sissoko que dó de vc kkkkkkkkkkkk
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) sissoko que dó de vc kkkkkkkkkkkk
::2012/10/13::
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30
bruno guarda al pc.mp4
bruno guarda al pc.mp4
::2010/07/19::
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31
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO AGUIAR #5
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO AGUIAR #5
::2013/10/11::
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32
Microsoft Surface PC at the AT&T Store in San Bruno I
Microsoft Surface PC at the AT&T Store in San Bruno I
::2008/04/17::
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33
Dead Island PC Gameplay Volume 3: Bruno and his nails
Dead Island PC Gameplay Volume 3: Bruno and his nails
::2013/11/22::
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34
Car PC - Bruno
Car PC - Bruno
::2010/06/24::
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35
O CYT - Pc Siqueira. Felipe Netto, Jovem Nerd, Bruno Motta, Marcos Castro, Caue Moura
O CYT - Pc Siqueira. Felipe Netto, Jovem Nerd, Bruno Motta, Marcos Castro, Caue Moura
::2012/12/12::
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36
Kai on Ellen Sings GRENADE by Bruno Mars
Kai on Ellen Sings GRENADE by Bruno Mars
::2013/08/28::
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37
2011 12 18 v° memorial bruno dossena PC
2011 12 18 v° memorial bruno dossena PC
::2012/01/08::
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38
FAFAKAAR EU TENHO A FOTO DELA NO MEU PC PELADA KKK BRUNO SEMPRE KIZ TER A FOTO.
FAFAKAAR EU TENHO A FOTO DELA NO MEU PC PELADA KKK BRUNO SEMPRE KIZ TER A FOTO.
::2012/10/04::
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39
Guitar Hero 3 PC - Travie McCoy ft Bruno Mars - Billionaire (Expert Custom Song 100% FC)
Guitar Hero 3 PC - Travie McCoy ft Bruno Mars - Billionaire (Expert Custom Song 100% FC)
::2013/07/25::
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40
Montagem pc bruno
Montagem pc bruno
::2010/03/25::
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41
Microsoft Surface PC at the AT&T Store in San Bruno II
Microsoft Surface PC at the AT&T Store in San Bruno II
::2008/04/17::
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42
XBOX com Leitor DVD de PC By:Bruno
XBOX com Leitor DVD de PC By:Bruno
::2010/10/18::
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43
Se Aventurando no MW3 no PC - Gameplay do Bruno
Se Aventurando no MW3 no PC - Gameplay do Bruno
::2012/06/16::
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44
Bruno Turma do Esmeril 3º PC da Barra Do Ribeiro
Bruno Turma do Esmeril 3º PC da Barra Do Ribeiro
::2013/01/29::
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45
MW3 Face Off no PC - Gameplay do Bruno
MW3 Face Off no PC - Gameplay do Bruno
::2012/06/22::
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46
MEN OF WAR (PC): The Ambush of Railgun "Bruno"  - Eastern Front July 1943
MEN OF WAR (PC): The Ambush of Railgun "Bruno" - Eastern Front July 1943
::2012/10/13::
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47
Bruno Mars - Treasure [Guitar Cover] (Mr PC)
Bruno Mars - Treasure [Guitar Cover] (Mr PC)
::2013/12/06::
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48
O Melhor RPG para PC? - Baldur´s Gate 2 - Gameplay do Bruno
O Melhor RPG para PC? - Baldur´s Gate 2 - Gameplay do Bruno
::2012/10/19::
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49
un PC plongé dans l
un PC plongé dans l'huile, BRUNO INFO Haute marne
::2009/05/25::
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50
need for speed bruno test sur son pc !
need for speed bruno test sur son pc !
::2014/02/20::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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PC Bruno was a Polish-French signals intelligence station near Paris during World War II, from October 1939 until June 1940. Its function was decryption of cipher messages, most notably German messages enciphered on the Enigma machine. PC Bruno worked in close cooperation with Britain's decryption center at Bletchley Park.

History[edit]

In the early 1930s, French military intelligence acquired operation manuals and sample messages for the German Enigma cipher machine. French intelligence officer Captain Gustave Bertrand supplied this material to Poland's Biuro Szyfrów ("Cipher Bureau"), which used it as part of their successful effort to break Enigma.

In July 1939 the Biuro Szyfrów gave French and British intelligence all their results. Both countries were expanding their decryption efforts in anticipation of war, and this continued after the war started in September 1939.

PC Bruno—from left, Polish Lt. Col. Langer, French Major Bertrand, British Capt. Kenneth ("Pinky") McFarlan

When Poland was overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union, the key staff of the Biuro Szyfrów were evacuated to Romania, and from there eventually reached France. In October 1939 the Poles resumed work, hosted by French intelligence at PC Bruno.[1]

PC Bruno was located in the Château de Vignolles in Gretz-Armainvilliers, some 40 kilometres southeast of Paris. It was headed by now-Major Bertrand. Its personnel included 15 Poles, 50 Frenchmen, and 7 anti-fascist Spaniards who worked on Spanish and Italian ciphers. The Polish group was led by Lt. Col. Gwido Langer, and included the mathematicians who been breaking Enigma for nearly seven years since December 1932, Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Różycki, and Henryk Zygalski.

As late as December 3-7, 1939, when Lt. Col. Langer and French Air Force Capt. Henri Braquenié visited London and Bletchley Park, the British asked that the Polish cryptologists be made available to them in Britain. Langer, however, took the position that they must remain where the Polish army in exile was forming — on French soil.[2]

Bletchley Park and PC Bruno worked together against the German message traffic. In the interest of security, they themselves corresponded using the supposedly "unbreakable" Enigma cipher. In early 1940, the two centres read some old Enigma messages, and in March they broke some German daily keys, and read some messages "in real time" (i.e., sometimes as soon as their intended German recipients). During the next few months, the two centres decrypted several thousand Enigma messages, about half at each centre. Some of the messages gave advance notice of the German invasion of Denmark and Norway and of the German invasions on Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. Unfortunately, no effective Allied use was made of these warnings.

By June 1940, advancing German forces were approaching PC Bruno. Just after midnight on June 10, Bertrand evacuated the Bruno staff from Gretz-Armainvillers. France surrendered on June 22; on June 24, he flew the 15 Poles and seven Spaniards in three planes to Algeria.

In September 1940, Bertrand secretly returned them to France. He established a new decryption center at Uzès on the Mediterranean Sea coast, in the unoccupied "Free Zone" of France. This center, codenamed Cadix, resumed breaking ciphers. Cadix operated until the German occupation of southern France, in November 1942.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "PC" is an abbreviation for the French term Poste de Commandement — "Command Post."
  2. ^ Kozaczuk, 1984 Enigma, pp. 84, 99.

References[edit]

  • Władysław Kozaczuk, Enigma: How the German Machine Cipher Was Broken, and How It Was Read by the Allies in World War Two, edited and translated by Christopher Kasparek, Frederick, MD, University Publications of America, 1984, ISBN 0-89093-547-5.
  • Gustave Bertrand, Enigma ou la plus grande énigme de la guerre 1939–1945 (Enigma: the Greatest Enigma of the War of 1939–1945), Paris, Librairie Plon, 1973.
  • Stephen Budiansky, Battle of Wits, a general account of World War II cryptology.
  • F.H. Hinsley, ed., British Intelligence in the Second World War, 4 volumes, London, Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
  • F.H. Hinsley and Alan Stripp, eds., Codebreakers: the Inside Story of Bletchley Park, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-820327-6: a volume of recollections.
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