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GTA V ONLINE PC - Bruno PH na vida do crime! (Criando o personagem!)
GTA V ONLINE PC - Bruno PH na vida do crime! (Criando o personagem!)
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Bruno PlayHard
NOVO PC BESTA FINALMENTE !!!! UNBOXING + SETUP ....
NOVO PC BESTA FINALMENTE !!!! UNBOXING + SETUP ....
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: Bruno Mota
CLICANDO EM PROPAGANDAS DE SITES DE SACANAGEM
CLICANDO EM PROPAGANDAS DE SITES DE SACANAGEM
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: Bruno Correa
R.I.P PC DO BRUNO ??? ;(
R.I.P PC DO BRUNO ??? ;(
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: Bruno Mota
COMO JOGAR TODOS OS JOGOS DE CELULAR [ANDROID] NO COMPUTADOR - BRUNO CLASH
COMO JOGAR TODOS OS JOGOS DE CELULAR [ANDROID] NO COMPUTADOR - BRUNO CLASH
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Bruno Clash
David Carreira - Não Fui Eu ft. Bruno PC
David Carreira - Não Fui Eu ft. Bruno PC
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Bruno PC
PC - BRUNO MARS
PC - BRUNO MARS
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: P C - L O O P S T U D I O
[VLOG] #8 PERGUNTAS & RESPOSTAS - QUAL PC BRUNO ? , LoL ou Dota ? xD
[VLOG] #8 PERGUNTAS & RESPOSTAS - QUAL PC BRUNO ? , LoL ou Dota ? xD
Published: 2015/01/03
Channel: Bruno Mota
BRUNO MARS MALING MOBIL! - LSPDFR Indonesia #3 - GTA 5 PC
BRUNO MARS MALING MOBIL! - LSPDFR Indonesia #3 - GTA 5 PC
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: Farissimo
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham)      Ezequiel Lavezzi .  Dando um show de bola !!!.
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Ezequiel Lavezzi . Dando um show de bola !!!.
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
PC dos inscritos Bruno Souza #431 e Guilherme Assunção #432
PC dos inscritos Bruno Souza #431 e Guilherme Assunção #432
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Luigitec
PES 2018 PC PATCH BRUNO GAMER 2 .0 PRIMEIRO PATCH COM REBAIXAMENTO DO BRASILEIRÃO SÉRIE A E B
PES 2018 PC PATCH BRUNO GAMER 2 .0 PRIMEIRO PATCH COM REBAIXAMENTO DO BRASILEIRÃO SÉRIE A E B
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: Bruno Gamer
Donde ira mi pc (Bruno gamer 0612)
Donde ira mi pc (Bruno gamer 0612)
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Bruno gamer 0612
O REAL PROBLEMA DO PC - BOA NOVIDADE (SEGURO)
O REAL PROBLEMA DO PC - BOA NOVIDADE (SEGURO)
Published: 2015/05/14
Channel: Bruno Mota
PC Bruno
PC Bruno
Published: 2017/10/25
Channel: Bruno Fonseca
PC Bruno clipe
PC Bruno clipe
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: PC Brunno Araujo
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) sissoko que dó de vc kkkkkkkkkkkk
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) sissoko que dó de vc kkkkkkkkkkkk
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
Bruno Moreira - A build do meu PC
Bruno Moreira - A build do meu PC
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Bruno Moreira
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham)  Gol De falta Neymar !!!!!
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Gol De falta Neymar !!!!!
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
Campeonato de Portugal PC - Bruno Silva 800 Metros
Campeonato de Portugal PC - Bruno Silva 800 Metros
Published: 2015/02/15
Channel: Luz Vida Gondomarense
eu jogando nba no pc.(bruno montes)
eu jogando nba no pc.(bruno montes)
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: bruno montes
Stranded Deep #01 - Bruno Playhard na Ilha Deserta !!! (1080p 60fps)
Stranded Deep #01 - Bruno Playhard na Ilha Deserta !!! (1080p 60fps)
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: Bruno PlayHard
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 800 Metros
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 800 Metros
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Luz Vida Gondomarense
BAIXE E JOGUE AGORA ESTE JOGO EM 3D - BRUNO CLASH
BAIXE E JOGUE AGORA ESTE JOGO EM 3D - BRUNO CLASH
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Bruno Clash
GTA V ONLINE PC - O BRUNO COMO SEMPRE FODIDO !!!
GTA V ONLINE PC - O BRUNO COMO SEMPRE FODIDO !!!
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Cavaco
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) gol de daniel alves de fora da area  !!
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) gol de daniel alves de fora da area !!
Published: 2012/10/15
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
Mi nuevo pc (Bruno gamer 0612)
Mi nuevo pc (Bruno gamer 0612)
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Bruno gamer 0612
Kitty Powers Matchmaker Gameplay Playthrough Part 3 - Harris and Bruno (PC)
Kitty Powers Matchmaker Gameplay Playthrough Part 3 - Harris and Bruno (PC)
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: BereghostGames
Montagem pc bruno
Montagem pc bruno
Published: 2010/03/25
Channel: bruno4410
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Ezequiel Lavezzi golaço caneta nele !!!!.
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Ezequiel Lavezzi golaço caneta nele !!!!.
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva - Endless Love (Cover)
Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva - Endless Love (Cover)
Published: 2013/12/24
Channel: Bruno PC
💻 EmersonBR Monta Seu PC #20 - PC do Bruno - Cougar Evolution Black 6GR1
💻 EmersonBR Monta Seu PC #20 - PC do Bruno - Cougar Evolution Black 6GR1
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Emerson BR
MEN OF WAR (PC): The Ambush of Railgun "Bruno"  - Eastern Front July 1943
MEN OF WAR (PC): The Ambush of Railgun "Bruno" - Eastern Front July 1943
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Azurean88
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 1500 Metros
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 1500 Metros
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Luz Vida Gondomarense
the best of goals PES 2009/2010 PC Bruno
the best of goals PES 2009/2010 PC Bruno
Published: 2009/11/06
Channel: Bruno Rocha
GH AEROSMITSH PC (BRUNO DETONANDO EXPERT).mp4
GH AEROSMITSH PC (BRUNO DETONANDO EXPERT).mp4
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: Mundos Dos Games
Donkey Me | PC | Bruno R. Marcos | 2013
Donkey Me | PC | Bruno R. Marcos | 2013
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: MsStandart
GTA Online - JOGANDO A NOVA CORRIDA NO CANYON! 13 MESMO!
GTA Online - JOGANDO A NOVA CORRIDA NO CANYON! 13 MESMO!
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: Bruno PlayHard
COMO BAIXAR E INSTALAR GTA V COMPLETO GRATIS PARA PC FRACO
COMO BAIXAR E INSTALAR GTA V COMPLETO GRATIS PARA PC FRACO
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Bruno Zica
Mobile Legends : WORLD NUMBER 1 BRUNO PLAYER ! Insane Gameplay  /w yqyq93
Mobile Legends : WORLD NUMBER 1 BRUNO PLAYER ! Insane Gameplay /w yqyq93
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Gemik
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO SÁ #25
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO SÁ #25
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Luigitec
Mr. Probz - Nothing Really Matters | Cover by Bruno PC
Mr. Probz - Nothing Really Matters | Cover by Bruno PC
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: Bruno PC
como cambiar el fondo de pantalla para tu PC /BRUNO GOMEZ 219
como cambiar el fondo de pantalla para tu PC /BRUNO GOMEZ 219
Published: 2015/03/01
Channel: ELBRUNO 219
un PC plongé dans l
un PC plongé dans l'huile, BRUNO INFO Haute marne
Published: 2009/05/25
Channel: lpfprod
Bruno Bonin, secrétaire général du PC 79
Bruno Bonin, secrétaire général du PC 79
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Le Courrier de l'Ouest
bruno guarda al pc.mp4
bruno guarda al pc.mp4
Published: 2010/07/19
Channel: supertatutmariusyout tatut
Magic - Rude (Cover) | Bruno PC ft. Mariana Figueiredo
Magic - Rude (Cover) | Bruno PC ft. Mariana Figueiredo
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: Bruno PC
Se Aventurando no MW3 no PC - Gameplay do Bruno
Se Aventurando no MW3 no PC - Gameplay do Bruno
Published: 2012/06/16
Channel: TRS Filmes Secundário
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO AGUIAR #5
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO AGUIAR #5
Published: 2013/10/11
Channel: Luigitec
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO PEZZOTTI #45
PC DO INSCRITO BRUNO PEZZOTTI #45
Published: 2014/07/14
Channel: Luigitec
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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PC Bruno was a Polish/French signals intelligence station near Paris during World War II, from October 1939 until June 1940. Its function was decryption of cipher messages, most notably German messages enciphered on the Enigma machine. PC Bruno worked in close cooperation with Britain's decryption center at Bletchley Park.

History[edit]

In the early 1930s, French military intelligence acquired operation manuals and sample messages for the German Enigma cipher machine. French intelligence officer Captain Gustave Bertrand supplied this material to Poland's Biuro Szyfrów ("Cipher Bureau"), which used it as part of their successful effort to break Enigma.

In July 1939 the Biuro Szyfrów gave French and British intelligence all their results. Both countries were expanding their decryption efforts in anticipation of war, and this continued after the war started in September 1939.

When Poland was overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union, the key staff of the Biuro Szyfrów were evacuated to Romania, and from there eventually reached France. In October 1939 the Poles resumed work, hosted by French intelligence at PC Bruno.[1]

PC Bruno was located in the Château de Vignolles in Gretz-Armainvilliers, some 40 kilometres southeast of Paris. It was headed by now-Major Bertrand. Its personnel included 15 Poles, 50 Frenchmen, and 7 anti-fascist Spaniards who worked on Spanish and Italian ciphers. The Polish group was led by Lt. Col. Gwido Langer, and included the mathematicians who been breaking Enigma for nearly seven years since December 1932, Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Różycki, and Henryk Zygalski.

As late as 3–7 December 1939, when Lt. Col. Langer and French Air Force Capt. Henri Braquenié visited London and Bletchley Park, the British asked that the Polish cryptologists be made available to them in Britain. Langer, however, took the position that they must remain where the Polish army in exile was forming—on French soil.[2]

Bletchley Park and PC Bruno worked together against the German message traffic. In the interest of security, they themselves corresponded using the supposedly "unbreakable" Enigma cipher. In early 1940, the two centres read some old Enigma messages, and in March they broke some German daily keys, and read some messages "in real time" (i.e., sometimes as soon as their intended German recipients). During the next few months, the two centres decrypted several thousand Enigma messages, about half at each centre. Some of the messages gave notice of the German invasion of Denmark and Norway and of the German invasions on Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. However, no effective Allied use was made of these warnings.

By June 1940, advancing German forces were approaching PC Bruno. Just after midnight on 10 June, Bertrand evacuated the Bruno staff from Gretz-Armainvillers. France surrendered on 22 June; on 24 June he flew the 15 Poles and seven Spaniards in three planes to Algeria.

In September 1940, Bertrand secretly returned them to France. He established a new decryption center at Uzès on the Mediterranean Sea coast, in the unoccupied "Free Zone" of France. This center, codenamed Cadix, resumed breaking ciphers. Cadix operated until the German occupation of southern France, in November 1942.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "PC" is an abbreviation for the French term Poste de Commandement — "Command Post."
  2. ^ Kozaczuk, 1984 Enigma, pp. 84, 99.

References[edit]

  • Władysław Kozaczuk, Enigma: How the German Machine Cipher Was Broken, and How It Was Read by the Allies in World War Two, edited and translated by Christopher Kasparek, Frederick, MD, University Publications of America, 1984, ISBN 0-89093-547-5.
  • Gustave Bertrand, Enigma ou la plus grande énigme de la guerre 1939–1945 (Enigma: the Greatest Enigma of the War of 1939–1945), Paris, Librairie Plon, 1973.
  • Stephen Budiansky, Battle of Wits, a general account of World War II cryptology.
  • F.H. Hinsley, ed., British Intelligence in the Second World War, 4 volumes, London, Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
  • F.H. Hinsley and Alan Stripp, eds., Codebreakers: the Inside Story of Bletchley Park, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-820327-6: a volume of recollections.

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