Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
GTA V ONLINE PC - Bruno PH na vida do crime! (Criando o personagem!)
GTA V ONLINE PC - Bruno PH na vida do crime! (Criando o personagem!)
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: InsanaMente - Bruno PH
R.I.P PC DO BRUNO ??? ;(
R.I.P PC DO BRUNO ??? ;(
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: Bruno Mota
BAIXE E JOGUE AGORA ESTE JOGO EM 3D - BRUNO CLASH
BAIXE E JOGUE AGORA ESTE JOGO EM 3D - BRUNO CLASH
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Bruno Clash
David Carreira - Não Fui Eu ft. Bruno PC
David Carreira - Não Fui Eu ft. Bruno PC
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Bruno PC
BRUNO MARS MALING MOBIL! - LSPDFR Indonesia #3 - GTA 5 PC
BRUNO MARS MALING MOBIL! - LSPDFR Indonesia #3 - GTA 5 PC
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: Farissimo
COMO JOGAR TODOS OS JOGOS DE CELULAR [ANDROID] NO COMPUTADOR - BRUNO CLASH
COMO JOGAR TODOS OS JOGOS DE CELULAR [ANDROID] NO COMPUTADOR - BRUNO CLASH
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Bruno Clash
Bruno e Barretto - 40 Graus de Amor (Bass Boosted) [Somente em PC]
Bruno e Barretto - 40 Graus de Amor (Bass Boosted) [Somente em PC]
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: SertanejoBass
VLOG COM RAJI E BRUNO: RESPONDENDO PERGUNTAS!
VLOG COM RAJI E BRUNO: RESPONDENDO PERGUNTAS!
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: excelenciagamer
Bruno PC - Wrecking Ball (Cover)
Bruno PC - Wrecking Ball (Cover)
Published: 2013/09/15
Channel: Bruno PC
Magic - Rude (Cover) | Bruno PC ft. Mariana Figueiredo
Magic - Rude (Cover) | Bruno PC ft. Mariana Figueiredo
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: Bruno PC
GTA V ONLINE PC - O BRUNO COMO SEMPRE FODIDO !!!
GTA V ONLINE PC - O BRUNO COMO SEMPRE FODIDO !!!
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Cavaco
PC - BRUNO MARS
PC - BRUNO MARS
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: P C - L O O P S T U D I O
Shawn Mendes - Treat You Better | Cover by Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva
Shawn Mendes - Treat You Better | Cover by Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Bruno PC
Beyonce - XO (Cover by Bruno PC ft. Rita Dias)
Beyonce - XO (Cover by Bruno PC ft. Rita Dias)
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: Bruno PC
MEN OF WAR (PC): The Ambush of Railgun "Bruno"  - Eastern Front July 1943
MEN OF WAR (PC): The Ambush of Railgun "Bruno" - Eastern Front July 1943
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Azurean88
Donkey Me | PC | Bruno R. Marcos | 2013
Donkey Me | PC | Bruno R. Marcos | 2013
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: MsStandart
[VLOG] #8 PERGUNTAS & RESPOSTAS - QUAL PC BRUNO ? , LoL ou Dota ? xD
[VLOG] #8 PERGUNTAS & RESPOSTAS - QUAL PC BRUNO ? , LoL ou Dota ? xD
Published: 2015/01/03
Channel: Bruno Mota
PC dos inscritos Eduardo Damasceno #359 e Bruno Santana #360
PC dos inscritos Eduardo Damasceno #359 e Bruno Santana #360
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Luigitec
PC Bruno clipe
PC Bruno clipe
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: PC Brunno Araujo
GTA V ONLINE - MATA-MATA: BRUNO MATADOR!
GTA V ONLINE - MATA-MATA: BRUNO MATADOR!
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: excelenciagamer
Kitty Powers Matchmaker Gameplay Playthrough Part 3 - Harris and Bruno (PC)
Kitty Powers Matchmaker Gameplay Playthrough Part 3 - Harris and Bruno (PC)
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: BereghostGames
Quero-te (Original) | JPR ft. Bruno PC & Soraia S
Quero-te (Original) | JPR ft. Bruno PC & Soraia S
Published: 2013/04/22
Channel: Bruno PC
eu jogando nba no pc.(bruno montes)
eu jogando nba no pc.(bruno montes)
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: bruno montes
Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva - Santa Claus Is Coming To Town
Bruno PC ft. Adriana Silva - Santa Claus Is Coming To Town
Published: 2014/12/26
Channel: Bruno PC
Penetrei a casa do Bruno JVP, Rainbow Six de PC, BGS
Penetrei a casa do Bruno JVP, Rainbow Six de PC, BGS
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Canal do Serginho
Bruno Bonin, secrétaire général du PC 79
Bruno Bonin, secrétaire général du PC 79
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Le Courrier de l'Ouest
Sam Smith - I
Sam Smith - I'm Not The Only One | Mariana Figueiredo ft. Bruno PC
Published: 2015/01/14
Channel: Mariana Figueiredo
Primeiro video de subway surf (Bruno PC)
Primeiro video de subway surf (Bruno PC)
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Bruno PC
X1[Sixteen x Bruno] MC5 Windows pc
X1[Sixteen x Bruno] MC5 Windows pc
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Sixteen Plays
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) sissoko que dó de vc kkkkkkkkkkkk
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) sissoko que dó de vc kkkkkkkkkkkk
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham)      Ezequiel Lavezzi .  Dando um show de bola !!!.
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Ezequiel Lavezzi . Dando um show de bola !!!.
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
GTA V ONLINE - RACHA - FIZ SURPRESINHA PRO BRUNO!
GTA V ONLINE - RACHA - FIZ SURPRESINHA PRO BRUNO!
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: excelenciagamer
A BRUNO SE LE ARRUINA LA PC
A BRUNO SE LE ARRUINA LA PC
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: Javier Cruz
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 800 Metros
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 800 Metros
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Luz Vida Gondomarense
Mr. Probz - Nothing Really Matters | Cover by Bruno PC
Mr. Probz - Nothing Really Matters | Cover by Bruno PC
Published: 2015/03/09
Channel: Bruno PC
Mobile Legends: BRUNO INSANE GAMEPLAY + 5K SUBSCRIBERS
Mobile Legends: BRUNO INSANE GAMEPLAY + 5K SUBSCRIBERS
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: ZE YY
O BRUNO FOI BANIDO DO RAINBOW SIX SIEGE!(ft. Ceccoti & Excelência)
O BRUNO FOI BANIDO DO RAINBOW SIX SIEGE!(ft. Ceccoti & Excelência)
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: RajiGamer
Stranded Deep #01 - Bruno Playhard na Ilha Deserta !!! (1080p 60fps)
Stranded Deep #01 - Bruno Playhard na Ilha Deserta !!! (1080p 60fps)
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: InsanaMente - Bruno PH
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham)  Gol De falta Neymar !!!!!
PES 2013 PC ( bruno beckham) Gol De falta Neymar !!!!!
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
💻 EmersonBR Monta Seu PC #20 - PC do Bruno - Cougar Evolution Black 6GR1
💻 EmersonBR Monta Seu PC #20 - PC do Bruno - Cougar Evolution Black 6GR1
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Emerson BR
Bruno Moreira - A build do meu PC
Bruno Moreira - A build do meu PC
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Bruno Moreira
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 1500 Metros
Campeonato do Norte de PC - Bruno Silva 1500 Metros
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: Luz Vida Gondomarense
Bruno BrollBarone PC Moldova Video
Bruno BrollBarone PC Moldova Video
Published: 2013/05/26
Channel: Bruno Broll-Barone
BAIXE E JOGUE AGORA ESTE JOGO EM 3D - BRUNO CLASH
BAIXE E JOGUE AGORA ESTE JOGO EM 3D - BRUNO CLASH
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Bruno Clash
the best of goals PES 2009/2010 PC Bruno
the best of goals PES 2009/2010 PC Bruno
Published: 2009/11/06
Channel: Bruno Rocha
Gino Bruno PC public comments 2/9/16
Gino Bruno PC public comments 2/9/16
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Huntington Beach Community Forum
LUMiS Pc - "Aquela vez"     ft. João "Pacastru" e Bruno "Piu"
LUMiS Pc - "Aquela vez" ft. João "Pacastru" e Bruno "Piu"
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: LUMiS Pc
Maps/Am I Wrong Mashup (cover by  Bruno PC & mariaswonderland)
Maps/Am I Wrong Mashup (cover by Bruno PC & mariaswonderland)
Published: 2015/05/18
Channel: ducklete
Bruno PC ft. Claudia Sousa - When you believe (Cover)
Bruno PC ft. Claudia Sousa - When you believe (Cover)
Published: 2013/10/08
Channel: Bruno PC
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) gol de daniel alves de fora da area  !!
PES 2013 PC (bruno beckham) gol de daniel alves de fora da area !!
Published: 2012/10/15
Channel: Davidbruno Beckham
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

PC Bruno was a Polish-French signals intelligence station near Paris during World War II, from October 1939 until June 1940. Its function was decryption of cipher messages, most notably German messages enciphered on the Enigma machine. PC Bruno worked in close cooperation with Britain's decryption center at Bletchley Park.

History[edit]

In the early 1930s, French military intelligence acquired operation manuals and sample messages for the German Enigma cipher machine. French intelligence officer Captain Gustave Bertrand supplied this material to Poland's Biuro Szyfrów ("Cipher Bureau"), which used it as part of their successful effort to break Enigma.

In July 1939 the Biuro Szyfrów gave French and British intelligence all their results. Both countries were expanding their decryption efforts in anticipation of war, and this continued after the war started in September 1939.

When Poland was overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union, the key staff of the Biuro Szyfrów were evacuated to Romania, and from there eventually reached France. In October 1939 the Poles resumed work, hosted by French intelligence at PC Bruno.[1]

PC Bruno was located in the Château de Vignolles in Gretz-Armainvilliers, some 40 kilometres southeast of Paris. It was headed by now-Major Bertrand. Its personnel included 15 Poles, 50 Frenchmen, and 7 anti-fascist Spaniards who worked on Spanish and Italian ciphers. The Polish group was led by Lt. Col. Gwido Langer, and included the mathematicians who been breaking Enigma for nearly seven years since December 1932, Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Różycki, and Henryk Zygalski.

As late as 3–7 December 1939, when Lt. Col. Langer and French Air Force Capt. Henri Braquenié visited London and Bletchley Park, the British asked that the Polish cryptologists be made available to them in Britain. Langer, however, took the position that they must remain where the Polish army in exile was forming — on French soil.[2]

Bletchley Park and PC Bruno worked together against the German message traffic. In the interest of security, they themselves corresponded using the supposedly "unbreakable" Enigma cipher. In early 1940, the two centres read some old Enigma messages, and in March they broke some German daily keys, and read some messages "in real time" (i.e., sometimes as soon as their intended German recipients). During the next few months, the two centres decrypted several thousand Enigma messages, about half at each centre. Some of the messages gave notice of the German invasion of Denmark and Norway and of the German invasions on Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. However, no effective Allied use was made of these warnings.

By June 1940, advancing German forces were approaching PC Bruno. Just after midnight on 10 June, Bertrand evacuated the Bruno staff from Gretz-Armainvillers. France surrendered on 22 June; on 24 June he flew the 15 Poles and seven Spaniards in three planes to Algeria.

In September 1940, Bertrand secretly returned them to France. He established a new decryption center at Uzès on the Mediterranean Sea coast, in the unoccupied "Free Zone" of France. This center, codenamed Cadix, resumed breaking ciphers. Cadix operated until the German occupation of southern France, in November 1942.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "PC" is an abbreviation for the French term Poste de Commandement — "Command Post."
  2. ^ Kozaczuk, 1984 Enigma, pp. 84, 99.

References[edit]

  • Władysław Kozaczuk, Enigma: How the German Machine Cipher Was Broken, and How It Was Read by the Allies in World War Two, edited and translated by Christopher Kasparek, Frederick, MD, University Publications of America, 1984, ISBN 0-89093-547-5.
  • Gustave Bertrand, Enigma ou la plus grande énigme de la guerre 1939–1945 (Enigma: the Greatest Enigma of the War of 1939–1945), Paris, Librairie Plon, 1973.
  • Stephen Budiansky, Battle of Wits, a general account of World War II cryptology.
  • F.H. Hinsley, ed., British Intelligence in the Second World War, 4 volumes, London, Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
  • F.H. Hinsley and Alan Stripp, eds., Codebreakers: the Inside Story of Bletchley Park, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-820327-6: a volume of recollections.

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license