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What Pacific Islanders Want You To Know
What Pacific Islanders Want You To Know
Published: 2017/05/18
Channel: BuzzFeedVideo
ARE FILIPINOS ASIAN OR PACIFIC ISLANDER? - Level: Asian - Fung Bros
ARE FILIPINOS ASIAN OR PACIFIC ISLANDER? - Level: Asian - Fung Bros
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: FUNG BROS.
SECRET REVEALED:Why  Pacific Island People perfect for Rugby.
SECRET REVEALED:Why Pacific Island People perfect for Rugby.
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: BloodGRASS Media
Stereotypes of Pacific Islanders
Stereotypes of Pacific Islanders
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: Brooke Maughan
Are Filipinos Asian or Pacific Islander?
Are Filipinos Asian or Pacific Islander?
Published: 2007/10/15
Channel: Leo Artajo
Genetic History of the Pacific Islands: Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia
Genetic History of the Pacific Islands: Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Masaman
Are FILIPINOS ASIANS or PACIFIC ISLANDERS? (Best Asian/Asian-American athlete ever)
Are FILIPINOS ASIANS or PACIFIC ISLANDERS? (Best Asian/Asian-American athlete ever)
Published: 2012/01/27
Channel: HelpThemFilams
Are Pacific Islanders IGNORED?
Are Pacific Islanders IGNORED?
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: PulanSpeaks
All Pacific Islanders Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia
All Pacific Islanders Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: AllPacificNations
Pacific Islanders
Pacific Islanders' DNA Shows Hints of Unknown Extinct Human Species
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: United News International
Asian Pacific American Heritage: I Can
Asian Pacific American Heritage: I Can't Believe I NEVER KNEW... | Thomas Sanders
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Thomas Sanders
Are FILIPINOS Asians or Pacific Islanders?
Are FILIPINOS Asians or Pacific Islanders?
Published: 2016/10/01
Channel: Kirby Araullo
Pacific Islander Festival 2016: Samoa Malu
Pacific Islander Festival 2016: Samoa Malu
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Aorchid
Pacific Islander AncestryDNA Results from a Palauan 🇵🇼
Pacific Islander AncestryDNA Results from a Palauan 🇵🇼
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Rimuu Williams
TAG | ♡ The Pacific islander / Polynesian tag ♡ Nesian Beauty
TAG | ♡ The Pacific islander / Polynesian tag ♡ Nesian Beauty
Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: Judie Sali-Siaki
DNA "Says" Black Americans and Southeast Asians/Pacific islanders
DNA "Says" Black Americans and Southeast Asians/Pacific islanders
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: AB Turtle Island LEGEND
"Moana" Pacific Island dance demonstration at Walt Disney Animation Studio
"Moana" Pacific Island dance demonstration at Walt Disney Animation Studio
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Inside the Magic
Pacific Island, 1949
Pacific Island, 1949
Published: 2009/10/30
Channel: travelfilmarchive
10 Amazing Facts About The Pacific Islands
10 Amazing Facts About The Pacific Islands
Published: 2013/03/15
Channel: MovieMania1506
Pacific Islanders (Fiji) are 110℅ Hebrew israelites.
Pacific Islanders (Fiji) are 110℅ Hebrew israelites.
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: TheMostHigHisTheOnly1
Our Families: LGBT Asian and Pacific Islander Stories
Our Families: LGBT Asian and Pacific Islander Stories
Published: 2011/10/03
Channel: BasicRights
Pacific Islander Cultural Dance during Hon. Solo Mara
Pacific Islander Cultural Dance during Hon. Solo Mara's visit to Sacramento, CA
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: SouthPacific Currents
Re-Examined: Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders Seek Data To Address Concerns | NBC Asian America
Re-Examined: Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders Seek Data To Address Concerns | NBC Asian America
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: NBC News
San Miguel Island Shallow Water Rockfish On The Pacific Islander with PFO
San Miguel Island Shallow Water Rockfish On The Pacific Islander with PFO
Published: 2014/01/02
Channel: Phil friedman
Asian Pacific Islander dance at Larch Corrections Center
Asian Pacific Islander dance at Larch Corrections Center
Published: 2013/06/09
Channel: The Columbian
I’m a Proud Pacific Islander
I’m a Proud Pacific Islander
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: Pacific UN Free & Equal
Power of the Pacific - Island Rugby Collisions
Power of the Pacific - Island Rugby Collisions
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: FineSport
ATM Jigg On Current State Of Pacific Islander Rappers and Stance On The "N Word"
ATM Jigg On Current State Of Pacific Islander Rappers and Stance On The "N Word"
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: DJ Smallz Eyes 2
2015 Pacific Islanders
2015 Pacific Islanders' Heritage Day
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: SPSCC
Moana and Pacific Islander Masculinity
Moana and Pacific Islander Masculinity
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Aurora Fonseca
Pacific Island Dancers of Houston Performance Honoring Simi Kalasa
Pacific Island Dancers of Houston Performance Honoring Simi Kalasa
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Katherine Cing
Pacific Islander Tag
Pacific Islander Tag
Published: 2012/12/20
Channel: ldsteine
LEIISA at Pacific Islander Festival
LEIISA at Pacific Islander Festival
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: John Bryant
Wide Open White Seabass on the Pacific Islander w/ PFO
Wide Open White Seabass on the Pacific Islander w/ PFO
Published: 2014/06/10
Channel: Phil friedman
Boys in Paradise​: Pacific Islander Boys Health and Education Program
Boys in Paradise​: Pacific Islander Boys Health and Education Program
Published: 2014/10/20
Channel: MTC Australia
Tamari
Tamari'i Mata'irea at 2016 Pacific Islander Festival
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: John Bryant
Ancestry DNA results Ashkenazi Jewish/Moluccan Pacific Islander
Ancestry DNA results Ashkenazi Jewish/Moluccan Pacific Islander
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: gpl992
Pacific Islander Sportfishing - Channel Islands, CA
Pacific Islander Sportfishing - Channel Islands, CA
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Channel Islands Sportfishing
Yellowtail fishing on the Pacific Islander Sept.23.14
Yellowtail fishing on the Pacific Islander Sept.23.14
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Channel Islands Sportfishing
Is circumcising our young Pacific Island boys necessary?
Is circumcising our young Pacific Island boys necessary?
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Tagata Pasifika
Exercise Southern Katipo 2015 - Welcoming our Pacific Island Brethren
Exercise Southern Katipo 2015 - Welcoming our Pacific Island Brethren
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: NZDefenceForce
Dream Summer- Asian Pacific Islander
Dream Summer- Asian Pacific Islander
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: UCLA Labor
DNA of a Pacific Island Swimmer
DNA of a Pacific Island Swimmer
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: Reporters Academy
Pacific Islander Complete Interview
Pacific Islander Complete Interview
Published: 2015/07/13
Channel: e-channel
2017 Montgomery County Council Asian American & Pacific Islander Commemoration
2017 Montgomery County Council Asian American & Pacific Islander Commemoration
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Montgomery County Council
Do
Do's and Don'ts of Diversity Education- A Pacific Islander Perspective
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: DiffDiff01
Pacific Island Wedding - R&J Celebration
Pacific Island Wedding - R&J Celebration
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: Simply Pix
Pacific Islander Leaders Of Tomorrow (PILOT)
Pacific Islander Leaders Of Tomorrow (PILOT)
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Empowered PacificIslander
All Pacific Islanders by Oceania84
All Pacific Islanders by Oceania84
Published: 2009/12/07
Channel: IzzyvD
Asian American/Pacific Islanders and Mental Health
Asian American/Pacific Islanders and Mental Health
Published: 2011/02/11
Channel: NAMI
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Pacific Islanders originate from countries within the Oceanic regions of Polynesia, Melanesia and Micronesia.
New Zealand is uniquely within Australasia as well as Polynesia, and its majority European and native Māori populations are not considered Pacific Islanders.

Pacific Islanders are the peoples of the Pacific Islands. It is a geographic term to describe the inhabitants of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania: Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. These people speak various Austronesian languages.

New Zealand has the largest concentration of Pacific Islanders in the world. However, the majority of its people are not identified as Pacific Islanders—instead during the 20th century the country has seen a steady stream of immigration from Polynesian countries such as Samoa, Tonga, the Cook Islands, Niue and French Polynesia.

Pacific Islander regions[edit]

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Pacific islands consist of three regions:

Polynesia[edit]

The islands scattered across a triangle covering the east-central region of the Pacific Ocean. The triangle is bound by the Hawaiian Islands in the north, New Zealand in the west, and Easter Island in the east. The rest of Polynesia includes the Samoan islands (American Samoa and Samoa), the Cook Islands, French Polynesia (Tahiti and The Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, Austral Islands, and the Tuamotu Archipelago), Niue Island, Tokelau and Tuvalu, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, and Pitcairn Island.

Melanesia[edit]

The island of New Guinea, the Bismarck and Louisiade archipelagos, the Admiralty Islands, Bougainville Island, Maluku Islands, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, the Santa Cruz Islands (part of the Solomon Islands), New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands, Vanuatu (formerly New Hebrides), Fiji, Norfolk Island, and various smaller islands.

Micronesia[edit]

The islands of Kiribati, Nauru, the Marianas (Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Palau, and the Federated States of Micronesia (Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae, all in the Caroline Islands).

The Pacific islands may also refer to any of the other islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Ethnolinguistics[edit]

Ethnolinguistically, those Pacific islanders who reside in Oceania are divided into two different ethnic classifications.

Austronesian language peoples
Papuan language peoples
  • Papuan peoples, those who speak the Papuan languages, who number about 7 million, and reside on the island of New Guinea and a few of the smaller islands of Melanesia located off the northeast coast of New Guinea.[1]

Usage of phrase by country[edit]

Australia[edit]

In Australia the term South Sea Islander was used to describe Australian descendants of people from the more than 80 islands in the western Pacific who had been brought to Australia to work on the sugar fields of Queensland,[2] in the 19th century called Kanakas. The Pacific Island Labourers Act 1901 was enacted to restrict entry of Pacific Islanders to Australia and to authorise their deportation. In the legislation Pacific Islanders were defined as:

"Pacific Island Labourer" includes all natives not of European extraction of any island except the islands of New Zealand situated in the Pacific Ocean beyond the Commonwealth [of Australia] as constituted at the commencement of this Act.[3]

In 2008 a Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme was announced as a three-year pilot scheme.[4] The scheme provides visas for workers from Kiribati, Tonga, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea to work in Australia.[5] The pilot scheme includes one country each from Melanesia (Vanuatu), Polynesia (Tonga) and Micronesia (Kiribati), countries which already send workers to New Zealand under its seasonal labour scheme. Australia's pilot scheme also includes Papua New Guinea.[6][7]

New Zealand[edit]

Cook Island dancers at Auckland's Pasifika Festival, 2010

Local usage in New Zealand uses "Pacific islander" (or Pasifika) to distinguish those who have emigrated from one of these areas in modern times from the indigenous New Zealand Māori, who are also Polynesian but arrived in New Zealand centuries earlier.

In the 2013 New Zealand census, 7.4 percent of the New Zealand population identified with one or more Pacific ethnic groups, although 62.3 percent of these were born in New Zealand.[8] Those with a Samoan background make up the largest proportion, followed by Cook Islands Maori, Tongan, and Niuean.[8] Some smaller island populations such as Niue and Tokelau have the majority of their nationals living in New Zealand.[9]

To celebrate the diverse Pacific island cultures, the Auckland region hosts several Pacific island festivals. Two of the major ones are Polyfest, which showcases performances of the secondary school cultural groups in the Auckland region,[10] and Pasifika, a festival that celebrates Pacific island heritage through traditional food, music, dance, and entertainment.[11]

United States[edit]

According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Estimates Program (PEP), a "Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander" is "A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific islands. It includes people who indicate their race as 'Native Hawaiian', 'Guamanian or "Chamorro', 'Samoan', and 'Other Pacific Islander' or provide other detailed Pacific Islander responses."[12]

According to the Office of Management and Budget, "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander" refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.

The term Pacific Islands American is used for ethnic Pacific islander residents in U.S. states, and in the territories of the United States in the region.[13]

List of Pacific peoples[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pacific Islands on Encyclopædia Britannica". 
  2. ^ "South Sea Islander Project". ABC Radio Regional Production Fund. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2004. Retrieved 2008-08-27. Recognition for Australian South Sea Islanders (ASSI) has been a long time coming. It was not until 1994 that the federal government recognized them as a distinct ethnic group with their own history and culture and not until September 2000 that the Queensland government made a formal statement of recognition. 
  3. ^ "Pacific Island Labourers Act 1901 (Cth)" (PDF). Documenting a Democracy. National Archives of Australia. 1901. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  4. ^ Australian Institute of Criminology: Australia's Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme: Managing vulnerabilities to exploitation
  5. ^ "Pacific guestworker scheme to start this year". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-08-17. 
  6. ^ "Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme is more proof of Australia's new Pacific focus" (Press release). The Hon Duncan Kerr SC MP; Parliamentary Secretary for Pacific Island Affairs. 2008-08-20. 
  7. ^ Australian classification standards code Pacific islanders, Oceanians, South Sea islanders, and Australasians all with code 1000, i.e., identically. This coding can be broken down into the finer classification of 1,100 Australian Peoples; 1,200 New Zealand peoples; 1,300 Melanesian and Papuan; 1,400 Micronesian; 1,500 Polynesian. There is no specific coding therefore for "Pacific islander"."Australian Standard Classification of Cultural and Ethnic Groups (ASCCEG) - 2nd edition" (pdf - 136 pages). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2005-07-07. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  8. ^ a b "Pacific peoples ethnic group", 2013 Census. Statistics New Zealand. Accessed on 18 August 2017.
  9. ^ Smelt, and Lin, 1998
  10. ^ "Polyfest NCEA credits / Pasifika Education Plan / Home - Pasifika". Te Kete Ipurangi (TKI). Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "Thousands turn out for Pasifika Festival". Radio New Zealand. 25 March 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  12. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20130403171145/http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/meta/long_RHI525211.htm. Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ Gary Y. Okihiro, American History Unbound: Asians and Pacific Islanders (University of California Press, 2015). xiv, 499 pp.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lal, B., & Fortune, K. (Eds.). (2000). The Pacific Islands: An encyclopedia. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press.
  • Okihiro, Gary Y. American History Unbound: Asians and Pacific Islanders (University of California Press, 2015). xiv, 499 pp.
  • Smelt, R., & Lin, Y. (1998). Cultures of the world: New Zealand. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark
  • Thomas, Nicholas, Islanders: The Pacific in the Age of Empire, Yale University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-300-12438-5

External links[edit]

External links[edit]

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